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Whats the difference among phonological awareness, phonemic

awareness,
phonics and spelling?
Both Phonological and Phonemic Awareness focus on the SOUND
elements of spoken words.
Phonological Awareness
Broad term -includes phonemic awareness
Identify and manipulate larger parts of spoken language
Alliteration, rhyme, words, and syllables
Phonemic Awareness
Narrower, subcategory of phonological aw.
Identify and manipulate individual sounds of spoken words
Both phonics and spelling focus on the letter sound relationship in
WRITTEN words.
Phonics instruction helps children learn the relationship between
letters of the written language and the sounds of the spoken
language. Phonics instruction focuses on the 1:1 correspondence
between letters and sounds.
Spelling instruction helps children learn the pattern and meaning
elements of one and two syllable words as well as in words with
many syllables (3+). Children learn long vowel patterns and
homophones in one syllable words. They learn vowel patterns,
homophones and homographs in two syllable words. And, they learn
the spelling-meaning connection in words with Greek and Latin
prefixes, suffixes and roots.

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