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ADVANCED GRAMMAR

ADVERBIAL CLAUSES

Introduction
Adverb Clauses are used to show relationships
between ideas.
They show relationship of TIME, CAUSE &
EFFECT, CONTRAST, and CONDITION.
Composed of two parts:
Independent Clause + Dependent Clause.
He studied hard / because he wanted to
succeed.
Warm-up Exercise 1 p. 365
Notice placement and punctuation.

Warm-up Exercise 5, p. 367

Adverb Clauses showing Time


Relationships p. 368
1. After he (had) got a job, he got
married.
2. Before he graduated, he had got a
job.
3. When I graduated, I got a job.
4. While/As I was walking home, it
started to rain.
5. By the time he arrived, we had
left.
6. I have known her since she was a

7. He stayed at office till/until he finished the


report.
8. Once/As soon as it stops raining, we will
leave.
9. I will always be a self-learner as long as/so
long as I live.
10.Whenever/Every time I travel, I learn a lot.
11.The first/last/next time I go to London, I
will see two plays.
Exercise 8 p. 370

Using Adverb Clauses Showing


Cause and Effect

Exercise 13 p. 373

Expressing Contrast
(Unexpected Result): Even Though
Ex. 17 p. 375

Adverb Clauses Showing Direct


Contrast

Ex. 20 p. 376

Assignment
Workbook:
Practice 3 p.
Practice 6 p.
Practice 7 p.
Practice 9 p.

171;
172;
173;
174.