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Relay operating time

t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
CB operating time
=
ABB 615 Relay operating ti =
ABB 615 Relay error
=
CT error
=
Margin
=
Total Descrinimation
=

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

(Max.as per abb catalog)


(Max.as per abb catalog)
(Max.as per abb catalog)

Selected Descrinimation
=
180 msec
Notes:
1)
100 msec descrinimation has been considered between series feeders
2)
100 msec descrimination has been considered between the transformer primary and secondar

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

75 msec
28 msec
20 msec
25 msec
30 msec
178 msec

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 105% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)
= 110% of connected load current (Switchboard contains feeder incomer)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Feeder type

Voltage
grade

6.6

HV

ABB

1250

10227.05

894.66

984.13

Relay type

CT Primary CT Secondary Max.kW


current
current
motor

Actual
load

Starting
Primary load
current of Connected
current for plug
largest load current
setting
motor

Voltage
level

FLC of
largest
motor

6.6kV Switchgear at SS#1B


1

SS#1B Incomer (L1 or L32)

Non-TFR

HSWG-034-D301(6.6kV SWITCHGEAR AT SS#023)


Maximum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
26550
Minimum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
18810
Maximum Ground fault:
1317
Minimum Ground fault:
603

A
A
A
A

HSWG-034-D301-IN01 (6.6kV
SWITCHGEAR INCOMER 01)

Non-TFR

6.6

HV

RET620

1250

10227.05

894.66

984.13

HSWG-034-D301-BT01 (6.6kV
SWITCHGEAR BUS COUPLER 01)

Non-TFR

6.6

HV

RET620

1250

10227.05

894.66

939.39

Outgoing Transformer feeders from 6.6kV switchgear (HSWG-034-D301)


3

Outgoing to TF-034-23DN01A/B

Transformer

6.6

HV

REF615

400

2000

0.00

0.00

174.96

192.46

Outgoing to TF-034-23DN02A/B

Transformer

6.6

HV

REF615

400

3700

0.00

0.00

323.68

356.04

Outgoing to TF-034-23DN03A/B

Transformer

6.6

HV

REF615

400

3700

0.00

0.00

323.68

356.04

Relay operating time


t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
CB operating time
=
ABB 615 Relay operating ti =
ABB 615 Relay error
=
CT error
=
Margin
=
Total Descrinimation
=

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

(Max.as per abb catalog)


(Max.as per abb catalog)
(Max.as per abb catalog)

Selected Descrinimation
=
180 msec
Notes:
1)
100 msec descrinimation has been considered between series feeders
2)
100 msec descrimination has been considered between the transformer primary and secondar

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

75 msec
28 msec
20 msec
25 msec
30 msec
178 msec

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 105% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)
= 110% of connected load current (Switchboard contains feeder incomer)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Feeder type

Voltage
level

Voltage
grade

Relay type

CT Primary CT Secondary Max.kW


current
current
motor

Actual
load

FLC of
largest
motor

Starting
Primary load
current of Connected
current for plug
largest load current
setting
motor

LSWG-034-N301(440V SWITCHGEAR
Maximum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
Minimum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
Maximum Ground fault:
Minimum Ground fault:

AT SS#023)
50110
30830
48290
32230

Incomer of 440V LV switchgear (LSWG034-N301-IN01/02)

Transformer

0.44

LV

REF615

3150

2000

0.00

0.00

2624.40

3018.06

Bus coupler of 440V LV Switchgear


(LSWG-034-N301-)BT01

Non-TFR

0.44

LV

REF615

3150

2000

0.00

0.00

2624.40

2886.84

Outgoing to MCC-034-N301

Non-TFR

0.44

LV

REF615

630

110.06

0.00

0.00

144.42

202.19

Outgoing to MCC-034-N302

Non-TFR

0.44

LV

REF615

630

108.71

0.00

0.00

142.65

199.71

Outgoing to DB-034-N301

Non-TFR

0.44

LV

REF615

1250

486.14

0.00

0.00

637.91

956.87

A
A
A
A

Relay operating time


t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
CB operating time
=
ABB 615 Relay operating ti =
ABB 615 Relay error
=
CT error
=
Margin
=
Total Descrinimation
=

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

(Max.as per abb catalog)


(Max.as per abb catalog)
(Max.as per abb catalog)

Selected Descrinimation
=
180 msec
Notes:
1)
100 msec descrinimation has been considered between series feeders
2)
100 msec descrimination has been considered between the transformer primary and secondar

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

75 msec
28 msec
20 msec
25 msec
30 msec
178 msec

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 105% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)
= 110% of connected load current (Switchboard contains feeder incomer)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Outgoing to DB-034-N302

Feeder type

Non-TFR

HE-34-01-CP01/02/03/04 (690V Thyristor contorl


Maximum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
35320
Minimum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
27360
Maximum Ground fault:
37930
Minimum Ground fault:
29520
1

HE-34-01-CP01/02/03/04

Non-TFR

Voltage
level

Voltage
grade

0.44

LV

Relay type

CT Primary CT Secondary Max.kW


current
current
motor

Actual
load

FLC of
largest
motor

Starting
Primary load
current of Connected
current for plug
largest load current
setting
motor

REF615

1250

479.53

0.00

0.00

629.24

943.86

REF615

3150

3700

0.00

0.00

3096.03

3150.00

panel AT SS#024)
A
A
A
A
0.69

LV

Fault current in relay coil (If)


PSM

If

Selected plug setting

nd secondary
Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current

Calculated
Plug setting

Selected
Plug
setting

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

0.79

0.79

0.86

0.10

0.96

IEC Standard
inverse

988

0.79

0.79

0.69

0.180

0.87

IEC Standard
inverse

988

0.75

0.79

0.51

0.180

0.69

IEC Standard
inverse

0.5

0.50

0.41

0.100

0.51

0.89

0.89

0.11

0.180

0.89

0.89

0.11

0.180

Discrimination
time

Desired
operation
time

IEC curve type

Phase over
current

@ LV

Fault
current
in
Reflected
relay
coil
(If)
fault current

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Selected TMS

18000

14.40

18.23

0.02

0.14

2.342

0.410

0.44

23148.0

18.52

23.44

0.02

0.14

2.150

0.404

0.4

988

23148.0

18.52

23.44

0.02

0.14

2.150

0.320

0.32

IEC Standard
inverse

200

50110

3340.7

8.35

16.70

0.02

0.14

2.417

0.209

0.21

0.29

IEC Standard
inverse

356

37930

3965.4

9.91

11.14

0.02

0.14

2.835

0.102

0.1

0.29

IEC Standard
inverse

356

37930

3965.4

9.91

11.14

0.02

0.14

2.835

0.102

0.1

Fault current in relay coil (If)


PSM

If

Selected plug setting

nd secondary
Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current

Calculated
Plug setting

Selected
Plug
setting

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

0.96

0.92

0.21

0.180

0.92

0.92

0.05

0.32

0.32

0.32

0.77

Discrimination
time

Desired
operation
time

Fault
current
in
Reflected
relay
coil
(If)
fault current

IEC curve type

@ LV

0.39

IEC Standard
inverse

2898

50110

50110.0

15.91

17.29

0.02

0.14

2.387

0.165

0.17

0.180

0.23

IEC Standard
inverse

2898

50110

50110.0

15.91

17.29

0.02

0.14

2.387

0.097

0.09

0.00

0.05

0.05

IEC Standard
inverse

202

50110

50110.0

79.54

248.56

0.02

0.14

1.200

0.042

0.04

0.32

0.00

0.05

0.05

IEC Standard
inverse

202

50110

50110.0

79.54

248.56

0.02

0.14

1.200

0.042

0.04

0.77

0.00

0.05

0.05

IEC Standard
inverse

963

50110

50110.0

40.09

52.06

0.02

0.14

1.702

0.029

0.03

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Phase over
current

Selected TMS

Fault current in relay coil (If)


PSM

If

Selected plug setting

nd secondary
Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current

Calculated
Plug setting

Selected
Plug
setting

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

0.76

0.77

0.00

0.05

1.00

1.00

0.10

0.00

Discrimination
time

Desired
operation
time

Fault
current
in
Reflected
relay
coil
(If)
fault current

IEC curve type

@ LV

0.05

IEC Standard
inverse

963

50110

50110.0

40.09

52.06

0.02

0.14

1.702

0.029

0.03

0.10

IEC Standard
inverse

3150

37930.00

37930.00

12.04

12.04

0.02

0.14

2.744

0.036

0.04

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Phase over
current

Selected TMS

Operating
time

1.03

0.86

0.69

0.51

0.28
0.28

Remarks

Operating
time

0.41

0.21

0.05

0.05

0.05

Remarks

Operating
time

0.05

0.11

Remarks

Relay operating time


t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
CB operating time
=
ABB 615 Relay operating ti =
ABB 615 Relay error
=
CT error
=
Margin
=
Total Descrinimation
=

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

(Max.as per abb catalog)


(Max.as per abb catalog)
(Max.as per abb catalog)

Selected Descrinimation
=
180 msec
Notes:
1)
100 msec descrinimation has been considered between series feeders
2)
100 msec descrimination has been considered between the transformer primary and secondar

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

75 msec
28 msec
20 msec
25 msec
30 msec
178 msec

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 105% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)
= 110% of connected load current (Switchboard contains feeder incomer)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Feeder type

Voltage
grade

6.6

HV

ABB

1250

10227.05

894.66

984.13

Relay type

CT Primary CT Secondary Max.kW


current
current
motor

Actual
load

Starting
Primary load
current of Connected
current for plug
largest load current
setting
motor

Voltage
level

FLC of
largest
motor

6.6kV Switchgear at SS#1B


1

SS#1B Incomer (L1 or L32)

Non-TFR

HSWG-034-D301(6.6kV SWITCHGEAR AT SS#023)


Maximum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
26550
Minimum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
18810
Maximum Ground fault:
1317
Minimum Ground fault:
603

A
A
A
A

HSWG-034-D301-IN01 (6.6kV
SWITCHGEAR INCOMER 01)

Non-TFR

6.6

HV

RET620

1250

10227.05

894.66

984.13

HSWG-034-D301-BT01 (6.6kV
SWITCHGEAR BUS COUPLER 01)

Non-TFR

6.6

HV

RET620

1250

10227.05

894.66

939.39

Outgoing Transformer feeders from 6.6kV switchgear (HSWG-034-D301)


3

Outgoing to TF-034-23DN01A/B

Transformer

6.6

HV

REF615

400

2000

0.00

0.00

174.96

192.46

Outgoing to TF-034-23DN02A/B

Transformer

6.6

HV

REF615

400

3700

0.00

0.00

323.68

356.04

Outgoing to TF-034-23DN03A/B

Transformer

6.6

HV

REF615

400

3700

0.00

0.00

323.68

356.04

Relay operating time


t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
CB operating time
=
ABB 615 Relay operating ti =
ABB 615 Relay error
=
CT error
=
Margin
=
Total Descrinimation
=

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

(Max.as per abb catalog)


(Max.as per abb catalog)
(Max.as per abb catalog)

Selected Descrinimation
=
180 msec
Notes:
1)
100 msec descrinimation has been considered between series feeders
2)
100 msec descrimination has been considered between the transformer primary and secondar

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

75 msec
28 msec
20 msec
25 msec
30 msec
178 msec

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 105% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)
= 110% of connected load current (Switchboard contains feeder incomer)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Feeder type

Voltage
level

Voltage
grade

Relay type

CT Primary CT Secondary Max.kW


current
current
motor

Actual
load

FLC of
largest
motor

Starting
Primary load
current of Connected
current for plug
largest load current
setting
motor

LSWG-034-N301(440V SWITCHGEAR
Maximum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
Minimum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
Maximum Ground fault:
Minimum Ground fault:

AT SS#023)
50110
30830
48290
32230

Incomer of 440V LV switchgear (LSWG034-N301-IN01/02)

Transformer

0.44

LV

REF615

3150

2000

0.00

0.00

2624.40

3018.06

Bus coupler of 440V LV Switchgear


(LSWG-034-N301-)BT01

Non-TFR

0.44

LV

REF615

3150

2000

0.00

0.00

2624.40

2886.84

Outgoing to MCC-034-N301

Non-TFR

0.44

LV

REF615

630

110.06

0.00

0.00

144.42

202.19

Outgoing to MCC-034-N302

Non-TFR

0.44

LV

REF615

630

108.71

0.00

0.00

142.65

199.71

Outgoing to DB-034-N301

Non-TFR

0.44

LV

REF615

1250

486.14

0.00

0.00

637.91

956.87

A
A
A
A

Relay operating time


t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
CB operating time
=
ABB 615 Relay operating ti =
ABB 615 Relay error
=
CT error
=
Margin
=
Total Descrinimation
=

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

(Max.as per abb catalog)


(Max.as per abb catalog)
(Max.as per abb catalog)

Selected Descrinimation
=
180 msec
Notes:
1)
100 msec descrinimation has been considered between series feeders
2)
100 msec descrimination has been considered between the transformer primary and secondar

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

75 msec
28 msec
20 msec
25 msec
30 msec
178 msec

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 105% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)
= 110% of connected load current (Switchboard contains feeder incomer)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Outgoing to DB-034-N302

Feeder type

Non-TFR

HE-34-01-CP01/02/03/04 (690V Thyristor contorl


Maximum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
35320
Minimum Sym.3-phase faul (I"k):
27360
Maximum Ground fault:
37930
Minimum Ground fault:
29520
1

HE-34-01-CP01/02/03/04

Non-TFR

Voltage
level

Voltage
grade

0.44

LV

Relay type

CT Primary CT Secondary Max.kW


current
current
motor

Actual
load

FLC of
largest
motor

Starting
Primary load
current of Connected
current for plug
largest load current
setting
motor

REF615

1250

479.53

0.00

0.00

629.24

943.86

REF615

3150

3700

0.00

0.00

3096.03

3150.00

panel AT SS#024)
A
A
A
A
0.69

LV

Fault current in relay coil (If)


PSM

If

Selected plug setting

nd secondary
Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current

Calculated
Plug setting

Selected
Plug
setting

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

0.79

0.79

0.86

0.10

0.96

IEC Standard
inverse

988

0.79

0.79

0.69

0.180

0.87

IEC Standard
inverse

988

0.75

0.79

0.51

0.180

0.69

IEC Standard
inverse

0.5

0.50

0.41

0.100

0.51

0.89

0.89

0.11

0.180

0.89

0.89

0.11

0.180

Discrimination
time

Desired
operation
time

IEC curve type

Phase over
current

@ LV

Fault
current
in
Reflected
relay
coil
(If)
fault current

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Selected TMS

18000

14.40

18.23

0.02

0.14

2.342

0.410

0.44

23148.0

18.52

23.44

0.02

0.14

2.150

0.404

0.4

988

23148.0

18.52

23.44

0.02

0.14

2.150

0.320

0.32

IEC Standard
inverse

200

50110

3340.7

8.35

16.70

0.02

0.14

2.417

0.209

0.21

0.29

IEC Standard
inverse

356

37930

3965.4

9.91

11.14

0.02

0.14

2.835

0.102

0.1

0.29

IEC Standard
inverse

356

37930

3965.4

9.91

11.14

0.02

0.14

2.835

0.102

0.1

Fault current in relay coil (If)


PSM

If

Selected plug setting

nd secondary
Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current

Calculated
Plug setting

Selected
Plug
setting

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

0.96

0.92

0.21

0.180

0.92

0.92

0.05

0.32

0.32

0.32

0.77

Discrimination
time

Desired
operation
time

Fault
current
in
Reflected
relay
coil
(If)
fault current

IEC curve type

@ LV

0.39

IEC Standard
inverse

2898

50110

50110.0

15.91

17.29

0.02

0.14

2.387

0.165

0.17

0.180

0.23

IEC Standard
inverse

2898

50110

50110.0

15.91

17.29

0.02

0.14

2.387

0.097

0.09

0.00

0.05

0.05

IEC Standard
inverse

202

50110

50110.0

79.54

248.56

0.02

0.14

1.200

0.042

0.04

0.32

0.00

0.05

0.05

IEC Standard
inverse

202

50110

50110.0

79.54

248.56

0.02

0.14

1.200

0.042

0.04

0.77

0.00

0.05

0.05

IEC Standard
inverse

963

50110

50110.0

40.09

52.06

0.02

0.14

1.702

0.029

0.03

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Phase over
current

Selected TMS

Fault current in relay coil (If)


PSM

If

Selected plug setting

nd secondary
Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current

Calculated
Plug setting

Selected
Plug
setting

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

0.76

0.77

0.00

0.05

1.00

1.00

0.10

0.00

Discrimination
time

Desired
operation
time

Fault
current
in
Reflected
relay
coil
(If)
fault current

IEC curve type

@ LV

0.05

IEC Standard
inverse

963

50110

50110.0

40.09

52.06

0.02

0.14

1.702

0.029

0.03

0.10

IEC Standard
inverse

3150

37930.00

37930.00

12.04

12.04

0.02

0.14

2.744

0.036

0.04

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Phase over
current

Selected TMS

Operating
time

1.03

0.86

0.69

0.51

0.28
0.28

Remarks

Operating
time

0.41

0.21

0.05

0.05

0.05

Remarks

Operating
time

0.05

0.11

Remarks

Relay operating time


t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
=

0.2 sec

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 110% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Feeder type

Voltage
level

Voltage
grade

Relay type

kV
1

Existing Plant CB

CT
CT
Second Max.kW
Primary
ary
motor
current
current

kW

Actual
load

kVA

FLC of
largest
motor
A

Starting
Connected Primary load
current of
load
current for plug
largest
current
setting
motor
A

Calculated
Plug
setting

Selected
Plug
setting

2000

20000

174.96

210.00

0.11

0.15

OHL

66

HV

GE D60

Non-TFR

66

HV

Alstom P442

250

20000

174.96

209.95

0.84

1.05

66

HV

Alstom P642

250

20000

174.96

183.71

0.73

0.73

150-L-81-001 (66 kV GIS)


1

Incomer to GIS

Outgoing to 150-L-81-101A/B Transformer


150-L-81-002 (5.5 kV Switchboard)

Bus coupler

Non-TFR

5.78

MV

Sepam T81

2500

20000

1997.81

1997.81

0.80

0.80

Incomer for 150-L-81-002

Transformer

5.78

MV

Sepam T81

2500

20000

1997.81

2197.59

0.88

0.88

5.5

MV

Sepam S80

250

209.95

230.95

0.92

0.92

Transformer feeders
3

Outgoing to 150-L-82-101A/B Transformer

2000

0.00

0.00

Relay operating time


t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
=

0.2 sec

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 110% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Feeder type

Voltage
level

Voltage
grade

Relay type

kV

CT
CT
Second Max.kW
Primary
ary
motor
current
current

Actual
load

kW

kVA

FLC of
largest
motor
A

Starting
Connected Primary load
current of
load
current for plug
largest
current
setting
motor
A

Calculated
Plug
setting

Selected
Plug
setting

Outgoing to 150-L-82-102A/B Transformer

5.5

MV

Sepam S80

250

2000

0.00

0.00

209.95

230.95

0.92

0.92

Outgoing to 150-L-82-103A/B Transformer

5.5

MV

Sepam S80

250

2000

0.00

0.00

209.95

230.95

0.92

0.92

Outgoing to 150-L-82-104A/B Transformer

5.5

MV

Sepam S80

250

2000

0.00

0.00

209.95

230.95

0.92

0.92

Outgoing to 150-L-82-105A/B Transformer

5.5

MV

Sepam S80

250

2000

0.00

0.00

209.95

230.95

0.92

0.92

Outgoing to 150-L-84-101A/B Transformer

5.5

MV

Sepam S80

300

2500

0.00

0.00

262.44

288.68

0.96

0.96

Motor Feeders
9

10

Outgoing to Condenste Export


Pumps 150-PM-21-00A/B/C

5.5

MV

Sepam M81

50

180

22.00

130.00

0.00

104.00

2.08

2.10

Outgoing to Flash Gas


compressor Motors 150-KM34-101/201

5.5

MV

Sepam M81

100

395

48.00

240.00

0.00

192.00

1.920

1.90

Relay operating time


t(d)

Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,


=
=

0.2 sec

where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)


Curve Type
IEC very inverse
IEC Extremely Inverse
IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

k
13.5
80
0.14
120

1
2
0.02
1

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Incomer)
= 110% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Feeder type

Voltage
level

Voltage
grade

Relay type

kV

CT
CT
Second Max.kW
Primary
ary
motor
current
current

Actual
load

kW

kVA

FLC of
largest
motor
A

Starting
Connected Primary load
current of
load
current for plug
largest
current
setting
motor
A

Calculated
Plug
setting

Selected
Plug
setting

11

Outgoing to Instrument Air


Compressor 150-KM-60101/201/301

5.5

MV

Sepam M81

50

315

40.00

220.00

0.00

176.00

3.52

3.52

12

Outging to Electric Fire Water


Pump Motors 150-PM-75001A/B

5.5

MV

Sepam M81

100

450

57.98

347.86

0.00

278.29

2.78

2.40

13

Outging toWater Injection


Pump Motors 150-PM-50002A/B

5.5

MV

Sepam M81

50

240

29.00

170.00

0.00

136.00

2.72

2.70

PSM

Fault current in relay coil (If)


Selected plug setting
6940

If

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current


Desired
Discriminatio
operation
n time
time

IEC curve type

Phase over
current

Fault
current in
relay coil (If)

@ LV

Reflected
fault current

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Selecte
d TMS

sec

Operating
time

sec

sec

sec

sec

0.99

0.10

1.09

IEC Standard
inverse

300

6940.0

3.47

23.13

0.02

0.14

2.159

0.507

0.51

1.10

0.79

0.20

0.99

IEC Standard
inverse

263

5298.0

21.19

20.18

0.02

0.14

2.260

0.440

0.44

0.99

0.78

0.00

0.78

IEC Standard
inverse

183

23148

2027.2

8.11

11.11

0.02

0.14

2.838

0.276

0.28

0.79

0.40

0.20

0.60

IEC Standard
inverse

2000

23148.0

9.26

11.57

0.02

0.14

2.789

0.214

0.21

0.59

0.59

0.20

0.79

IEC Standard
inverse

2200

23148.0

9.26

10.52

0.02

0.14

2.905

0.270

0.27

0.78

0.38

0.00

0.38

IEC Standard
inverse

230

55209

4216.0

16.86

18.33

0.02

0.14

2.337

0.161

0.16

0.37

PSM

Fault current in relay coil (If)


Selected plug setting
6940

If

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current


Desired
Discriminatio
operation
n time
time

IEC curve type

Phase over
current

Fault
current in
relay coil (If)

@ LV

Reflected
fault current

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Selecte
d TMS

sec

Operating
time

sec

sec

sec

sec

0.38

0.00

0.38

IEC Standard
inverse

230

55184

4214.1

16.86

18.32

0.02

0.14

2.338

0.161

0.16

0.37

0.38

0.00

0.38

IEC Standard
inverse

230

54797

4184.5

16.74

18.19

0.02

0.14

2.344

0.160

0.16

0.37

0.38

0.00

0.38

IEC Standard
inverse

230

55094

4207.2

16.83

18.29

0.02

0.14

2.339

0.161

0.16

0.37

0.37

0.00

0.37

IEC Standard
inverse

230

47152

3600.7

14.40

15.66

0.02

0.14

2.475

0.151

0.15

0.37

0.40

0.00

0.40

IEC Standard
inverse

288

58978

4503.8

15.01

15.64

0.02

0.14

2.476

0.160

0.16

0.40

0.00

3.70

3.70

IEC Standard
inverse

105

23148.0

23148.0

462.96

220.46

0.02

0.14

1.229

3.012

7.1

8.72

0.00

4.30

4.30

IEC Standard
inverse

190

23148.0

23148.0

231.48

121.83

0.02

0.14

1.389

3.097

6.7

9.30

PSM

Fault current in relay coil (If)


Selected plug setting
6940

If

Down
stream
relay
operating
time

Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

Max. Fault current


Desired
Discriminatio
operation
n time
time

IEC curve type

Phase over
current

Fault
current in
relay coil (If)

@ LV

Reflected
fault current

PSM

Operating
time of
Calculated
the relay
TMS
@ TMS=1

Selecte
d TMS

sec

Operating
time

sec

sec

sec

sec

0.00

2.20

2.20

IEC Standard
inverse

176

23148.0

23148.0

462.96

131.52

0.02

0.14

1.366

1.611

5.35

7.31

0.00

1.50

1.50

IEC Standard
inverse

240

23148.0

23148.0

231.48

96.45

0.02

0.14

1.463

1.025

4.2

6.15

0.00

3.00

3.00

IEC Standard
inverse

135

23148.0

23148.0

462.96

171.47

0.02

0.14

1.292

2.322

6.4

8.27

Remarks

as GIS study TMS=0.4

as GIS Study TMS=0.31

Remarks

TD setting is chosen so that the


operating time is atleast 5 sec more
than the motor start up time at LRC

Remarks

TD setting is chosen so that the


operating time is atleast 5 sec more
than the motor start up time at LRC

Relay operating time


t(d)
=
Approximate discrimination time for numerical relays,
where, k & are constants & T/ is TMS (Time multiplier setting)
=
Curve Type
IEC very inverse

k
13.5

IEC Extremely Inverse


IEC Standard inverse
IEC long time inverse

80
0.14
120

2
0.02
1

0.2 s

Primary load current for plug setting has been considered as follows,
= 110% of Transformer Secondary current (Switchboard contains Transformer Income
= 110% of connected load current (Bus coupler)
= 80% of starting current of the motor
= 120% of Transformer Primary current (Switchboard contains Transformer outgoing)

RELAY SETTING CALCULATION (IDMT Ov


Equivalent @ LV switchboard
S.No.

Feeder description

Feeder type

Voltage
level

Voltage
grade

Relay type

kV

CT Primary
current

CT
Secondary
current

Max.kW
motor

Actual load

kW

kVA

FLC of
largest
motor
A

Starting
current of Connected
largest load current
motor
A

Primary
load
current
for plug
setting

Calculated
Plug
setting

1 150-L-82-004 (Train 4 MCC)


A)

Bus coupler

Non-TFR

0.42

LV

REF 620

3200

132

2000

226.82283 1633.124 2749.367645

2749

0.86

B)

Incomer

Transformer

0.42

LV

REF 620

3200

132

2000

226.82283 1633.124 2749.367645

3024

0.95

2 150-L-82-005 (utility MCC)


A)

Bus coupler

Non-TFR

0.42

LV

REF 620

3200

45

2000

77.325965 556.7469 2749.367645 2749.368

0.86

B)

Incomer

Transformer

0.42

LV

REF 620

3200

45

2000

77.325965 556.7469 2749.367645 3024.304

0.95

0.42

LV

REF 620

4000

27

2500

46.395579 334.0482 3436.709557

0.86

3 150-L-84-001 (Emergency MCC)


A)

Bus coupler

Non-TFR

3436.71

B)

Incomer

Transformer

C)

EDG Incomer

Non-TFR

0.42

LV

REF 620

4000

27

2500

46.395579 334.0482 3436.709557 3780.381

0.95

0.4

LV

SR 489

2500

27

1400

48.715358 350.7506 2020.785219 2222.864

0.89

PSM

If

Fault current in relay coil (If)


Selected plug setting

Actual fault
current

CT (sec)
CT (pri)

nsformer Incomer)

ormer outgoing)

TION (IDMT Over-Current Protection : 51)

Selected
Plug
setting

Down
stream
Discrimin
relay
ation
operating
time
time

Max. Fault current


Desired
operation
time

sec

sec

sec

0.86

0.05

0.10

0.15

0.95

0.16

0.20

0.86

0.05

0.95

0.17

0.86

0.05

IEC curve
type

Phase
over
current

@ LV

Fault
current in
Reflecte relay coil (I )
f
d fault
current

PSM

Operating
time of the
relay @
TMS=1

Calculated
TMS

Selected Operating
TMS
time

IEC Standard
inverse

2752

55094

55094

17.22

20.02

0.02

0.14

2.267

0.066

0.07

0.16

0.36

IEC Standard
inverse

3040

55094

55094

17.22

18.12

0.02

0.14

2.347

0.153

0.16

0.38

0.10

0.15

IEC Standard
inverse

2752

47152

47152

14.74

17.13

0.02

0.14

2.395

0.063

0.07

0.17

0.20

0.37

IEC Standard
inverse

3040

47152

47152

14.74

15.51

0.02

0.14

2.484

0.148

0.15

0.37

0.15

IEC Standard
inverse

0.10

3440

58978

58978

14.74

sec

17.14

0.02

0.14

2.394

Remarks

sec

0.063

0.08

0.19

0.08 elected to avoid


overlapping with
HVAC MCC curve

0.95

0.19

0.20

0.39

IEC Standard
inverse

3800

58978

58978

14.74

15.52

0.02

0.14

2.483

0.158

0.16

0.40

0.89

0.17

0.20

0.37

IEC Standard
inverse

2225

58978

58978

23.59

26.51

0.02

0.14

2.067

0.179

0.18

0.37

Calculation for setting the OC-50 protection


(i)

16/20 MVA, 66/5.78kV Transformer


Secondary FLA :
% Z:
Through Fault current :

1997.81 A
8
24972.63 A

Fault Current Reflected on Primary side :

2186.997 A

for 50Protection, pick up is set at approx 130% of current reflected at the primary for a 3 ph
Pick up setting :
(ii)

2400 A

2.5 MVA,5.5/0.42kV Transformer


Secondary FLA :
% Z:
Through Fault current :

3437 A
6
57283.33 A

Fault Current Reflected on Primary side :

4374.364 A

for 50Protection, pick up is set at approx 130% of current reflected at the primary for a 3 ph
Pick up setting :
(iii)

5715 A

2 MVA,5.5/0.42kV Transformer
Secondary FLA :
% Z:
Through Fault current :

2749 A
6
45816.67 A

Fault Current Reflected on Primary side :

3498.727 A

for 50Protection, pick up is set at approx 130% of current reflected at the primary for a 3 ph
Pick up setting :

(iv)

MV Motor

4600 A

Electric fire Water Motor


Rater Power :
450 kW
FLC:
57.61 A
LRC :
345.66 A
Pick -up setting :

2 times the LRC


691.32 A
~695
A

at the primary for a 3 phase fault

2405.697 A

at the primary for a 3 phase fault

5686.673 A

at the primary for a 3 phase fault

4548.345 A