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c 

p

p  
p p  p  p pp
1) p Facteurs géologiques
2) p Facteurs techniques
3) p Facteurs économiques
p  p  p
 pp p  pp
1) p Généralités
2) p Éléments fondamentaux de l͛exploitation à ciel ouvert
3) p Ouverture et préparation d͛une exploitation à ciel ouvert
p  pp p
 p p pp
1) p L͛abattage
2) p Le chargement
3) p Transfert
4) p Le transport
 p  pp   p p p p  pp
1) p Poussières et fumées
2) p Bruit et vibration
3) p L´instabilité des fronts
4) p Risques liés aux gros engins
 p  p  p p  pp
1) p Les objectifs de différents types de réaménagement :
2) p Les travaux de réaménagement :
p

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   pp









p p p  p p   p  p   p  p  p  p    p  p p
p  p  p p p  p  p p p p
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p p#
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gp cp #
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gp cp #
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‘p p pp  p   p p p pp


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p  p   p 


p p
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p p  pp p pp
p p  pp p p
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p)p

p p p p  p p  p p  p p * p p  
p  p
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pp   p p p  pp p  pp p  pp pp
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p p #
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p
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1) p Facteurs géologiques :

p  p  p   p  p   p p  p  p p p


 pp p 
p p  p p p p
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›p p pp &p
›p p  p p p p p  pp  p&p
›p # p p p p p  p&p
›p p  p p  p p  &p
›p p  p p  p
  &p
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p
2) p Facteurs techniques :

p p  p
  p +p ppp p#
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›p p 
pp  p,
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›p p 
pp p,
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›p #    p p p p

p p -pp p &p


p p -p.p#
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p p -p  &p
p p -p&p
p
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p p  p   p  ppppppppppppppppp
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"2'3 3%pp
p

p
3) p Facteurs économiques :

p 4 p  p  p p p  p p  p  ! p p p


p p p pp p! p   p  p

p p pp p5 p !ppp p

Ì p ˜  Ì 
p  p p  p
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p ppp p p  p  p  p

p p p p  p p  p p   p p p  p  p    p p
p  p p  p  p  p  p p p  p  p  p p p  p  p
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pp p p pp p  p p p p

p    p  p p   p  p  p p  6p  p   p !  p p


 ppp p  p p  p p p  p p pp

 
p  p p p p  p p p p  p p pp M p p

   
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pp p   pp   p p  p ppp p5 pp p
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p  p p  p


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p p  p pp8p$p p p %p
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p p  p p  p p p  p  p  p


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p pp
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p  p p p


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p ¯ppppp :ppppppppppppppppppppppppppp pë pppppp


p   p  p
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p
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p
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1)p Généralités :

p 
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p   ppp p p p   pp  p p  p p
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  p pp p p  pp   p
p
p 'p  p  p
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p p  p   p p p  p  p :p p  p p  p p    p p p
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p p p pp p p  p p 
p p ppp pp
p 5 p p p  p  p $%p   pp p  p p  p  p   p p  p p
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p

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p  p p  


p 
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ÿp  pp p  pp   p pp&p


ÿp Ê p p pp p   pp pp p  p 
p p&p
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p
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p p
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p  p p p p p  p p p   p    p    p p
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p p  pp  p p&p


p pp p p&p
p  pp p pp   p p pp!" p&p
p p  pp  pp   p pp   p p# pp$ pp

Ê ppp
p p  p

Ê pp ppp
p 
p
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p pp


p
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p 7p p>?p 8? pp@? p

 
p >?pp?Ap ?A ppBA p

p
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p p p  p p  p  p p p p   p  p :p  p  p p p
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3)p Ouverture et préparation d͛une exploitation à ciel ouvert :
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p $ %p  p p p  p
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p %p p
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p &
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pp p p p   pp
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pp &
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›p  pp  pp &
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p
pp p p p , pp -p
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1.1 Foration :

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p   p  p p  p  pp  p pp p! p p


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p pp    p  p p pp 65 pp  p p
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p p  p 
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p p  p 


p p p   p + p p   p p p  p  p   p p
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p Ê p p( p p p pp p p p   pp  p
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p p ppp  % p(pp p  p p   p p
p5p
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p

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p p p p 
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p *, p p p p   p  p p>@A AAAp8p+p* p' pp
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longueur 220 m
hauteur 5 m
poids total 13000 t
diamètre de la roue 21,6 m
nombre de godets 1
capacité d´un godet 6,6 m3
vitesse de déplacement 600 m/h
surface d´appui sur le sol 00 m2

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