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How do you determine if someone should be held responsible?

If someone does something on purpose or wills to do something for a specific


outcome and then succeed then they should be held accountable

If an agent makes a conscious decision to do something and then succeeds in


doing what they decided to do they should be held accountable

When deciding between two things a person's failure to do one should not be
looked at as a failure but a success in doing the other thing
Chance luck and ramdom acts:

Indeterminism is looked at by some people as random acts that only happen by


chance.

We should not look at it like this:

People do not just choose randomly things happen and then there
is stuff that goes on in that person's brain and there is problem
solving going on to help that person make the decision

Therefore you cannot just say that if you believe in indeterminism


you are are saying that things just randomly happen by chance

It is problematic to say something happened by luck or chance because saying


that something happened completely by chance is just like saying the agent had
absolutely no choice in the outcome but in many cases the agent makes a choice
and help effect the outcome
In the end what can we say about indeterminism and chance and what is has to
do with freewill?
Indeterminism creates a hindrance or obstacle for us when we are trying to make
a decision
Without this we would feel like we have complete control
We must then overcome this hindrance or obstacle by will
indeterminism enter the picture was that conflicts in the wills of agents associated
with self-forming choices would stir up chaos in the brain
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would be stirred up to such a conflict so that creative problem solving
would occur
others say other things how indeterminism is there
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not entirely idle either
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growing evidence that chaos may play a role in human cognitive
processing
1
this provides flexibility that the nervous system needs to adapt
creatively to an ever-changing environment
1
chaos is deterministic but does involve sensitivity to initial
conditions
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minute differences in the initial condition may magnify
undetermined effects
tried in this paper to answer a different question

what could we do with the indeterminism to make sense of free will,


supposing it were there in the brain?
1
Wouldnt amount to chance?
2
How could it amount to free will unless one added some extra
factor in the form of a special kind of agent-causation or
transempirical power center to account for agency?
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answer given will conclude with the following question
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what is missing in the account of free will presented in
earlier sections that an extra postulate of a special
form of nonevent agent causation is suppose to
provide?
2
defending causal indeterminism
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the argument does postulate agent causation- agents
cause or bring about their undetermined self-forming
choices
2
issue isn't if there is agent causation but rather sui
generis
1
a form of causation postulated by agent-causal
theorists that cannot be spelled out in terms of
events and states of affairs involving the
agents
2
both sides of libertarians believe in agent
causation just not the same definitions
3
agents produce of bring about their self-forming
choices by making efforts to do so and produce many
other things by their efforts and other actions and held
responsible for doing so
3
argument opposing- caudal capacity freely select one option from
a plurality of real alternatives
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agent does have causal capacity to make either choice by
making an effort to do so
1
only capable of persons capable of self reflection and
having the requisite conflicts within their wills
4
What is it for an agent to have direct control at a given time over a
set of choice options?
1
plural voluntary control when have
1
ability or capacity, bring about, at that time
2
whichever of the options they will of want, for the
reasons they will do to so
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on purpose or intentionally rather than accidentally,
voluntarily
4
as a result of effort, without being compelled or
otherwise controlled
5
Objection of control- provides leeway for choice but no more control
over actions than compatibilists offer
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not the same kind of control

control that concerns compatibilists called antecedent


determining control
1
ability to guarantee or determine beforehand which of
a number of options is going to occur
1
this would be predetermining
2
libertarians believe in ultimate control
1
when it is up to the agent on what to do