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Verificao de seo retangular de concreto armado solicitada a Flexo

Normal Composta, Determinao de Nk para Mk =108.96 kNm

Mk=108.96 kNm
Nk=?

1. Dados do problema
1.1 Geometria
b w := 20cm

h := 50cm

n s := 3

d := 5cm

s := 20mm

d := h d = 45 cm

ns := 2

:=

d
d

= 0.111

s := 12.5mm

2
s
2
As := ns
= 9.425 cm
4

2
( s)
2
As := ns
= 2.454 cm
4

1.2 Materiais
kN

fck := 3

cm

:= 0.8
fyk := 50

c := 1.4

c := 0.85
kN
cm

fycd := fyd = 43.478


yd :=

Es

cu := 0.0035

c2 := 0.002

s := 1.15

fyk
kN
fyd :=
= 43.478
s
2
cm

kN

su := 0.01

cm
fyd

fck
kN
fcd :=
= 2.143
c
2
cm

= 2.07 10

cu
x23 :=
= 0.259
cu + su

ycd :=

fycd
Es

:=

cu c2

Es := 21000
3

= 2.07 10

cu
xy :=
= 0.628
cu + yd

cu

kN
cm

= 0.429

1.3 Carregamentos
M k := 108.196kN m

f := 1.4

M d := f M k = 151.474 kN m

2. Resoluo
2.1 Hipteses:
Hiptese 1: Domino 2, 3 ou 4
Hiptese 2: s := fyd
s := fycd
Hiptese 3:

(As armaduras superior e inferior esto escoandor)

2.2 Clculo de x conforme hipteses adotadas:

Dado

0=

f Nk As s + As s
b w d c fcd

b w d fcd c x 1

x
2

Nk f

+ As s ( d d) M
k d d

=0
Nk

x
:= Find( x , Nk)
Nk
x = 0.167

x < 0.259 Portanto, est no dominio 2

Nk = 60.005 kN

Verificao da Hipteses:
s := 0.01
c :=

x s
1 x

= 2.005 10

A armadura superior est escoando junto com o concreto


Portanto est no dominio 2a

(Armadura inferior no est escoando)

2.3 Recalculando x para s< fyd

Dado

(1 x) cu Es
x

s = 0

f Nk As s + As s
b w d c fcd

x = 0

2
b w d fcd c x 1
+ As s ( d d) M
2
k d d

=0

Nk f
Nk
2

s

x := Find( s , x , Nk)
N
k

s = 12.043

kN
cm

x = 0.859
Nk = 800 kN

Verificao da Hipteses:
c := cu
s :=

(1 x) c
x

= 5.735 10

x > 1 e a armadura inferior no est


escoando, portanto est no domino 4

2.4 Conclues
A partir do momento restente Mk=108.96 kNm possivl ter dois valores de Nk que
cumprem com os critrios de compatibilidades e as hipteses asumidas:
Nk= -60kN (trao) no domino 2a
Nk= 800kN (compresso) no domino 4