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OpenCutTrenchExcavation

Description

Opencuttrenchexcavationisthetraditionalandmostpopularmethodforsewerlateralsewer
construction,repair,orreplacement.Opencuttrenchexcavationconsistsofexcavatingatrenchforthe
manualinstallationofeachstickorpieceofpipe.Thismethodisusuallytheleastexpensivemethodif
thepipeislocatedundernonpavementareassuchasafrontorbackyard.Theopencuttrenchmethod
involvesexcavatingdowntoandexposingtheexistingpipesothatitcanberepairedorreplacedand
thenbackfilled.Iftheopencuttrenchexcavationislocatedinanonpavementareatheexcavationcan
bebackfilledwithsoilandsurfacevegetationrestoredbyseedorsod.Whentheopencuttrench
excavationislocatedunderpavementtheexistingpavementmustbesawcutandremoved,the
excavationfilledwithgranularbackfill(compactedstoneorsandtopreventsettlement),andthe
pavementmustbereplacedandtheendofthepiperepairorreplacement.

IfasmallsectionofpipeisbeingreplacedaFerncotypecouplingisusedtoprovideawatertight
connectiontotheexistingpipe.AFerncotypecouplingconsistsofarubbersleevethatthepipefits
insideofandisfastenedtothepipesusingstainlesssteelbandsthatwraparoundtheoutsideofthe
sleeve.

Advantages

Canbelessexpensivethantrenchlessmethodsinnonpavementareas.

Applicableforcollapsedpipe,severelybrokenpipe,andheavyrootblockages.

Doesnotrequirerootsordebristoberemovedfromthepipe.

Disadvantages

Moreexcavationisrequiredthancomparedtotrenchlessmethods.

Mayrequireremoveofstreetandsidewalkpavementwhichincreasesexpenseofthe
repair.
LocalContractors

SeeYellowPagesunderSewerContractors

CuredInPlacePipeLining

Description

Acuredinplacepipe(CIPP)isatrenchlessrehabilitationmethodusedtorepairexistingpipelines.CIPP
isajointless,seamless,pipewithinapipewiththecapabilitytorehabilitatepipes.Aresinsaturatedfelt
tubemadeofpolyesterisinvertedorpulledintoadamagedpipe.Itisusuallydonefromtheupstream
accesspointusuallydugwherethelateralexitsthehome.Thelinercanbeinvertedusingwaterorair
pressure.Hotwater,UVlight,ambientcuredorsteamisusedtocuretheresinandformatightfitting,
jointlessandcorrosionresistantreplacementpipe.

Advantages

Minimumamountofexcavationrequired.
Mayeliminatepavementremovalandreplacementcosts.
Onlyrequiresoneaccesspoint.
Jointlesspipethatreducesrootandwaterinfiltration.

Disadvantages

Canbemoreexpensivethanopencuttrenchexcavationinnonpavementareas.

Rootsanddebrismustberemovedfrompipebeforeinstallation.

Notapplicableforcollapsed,severelybrokenpipe,orheavyrootblockages.

LocalContractors

StephensExcavating2172023385

PipeBursting

Description

Pipeburstingisatrenchlessmethodofreplacingburiedpipelineswithouttheneedforatraditional
constructiontrench."Launchingandreceivingpits"replacethetrenchneededbyconventionalpipe
laying.Pipebursting,whichcanbeeitherpneumatic,hydraulicexpansionorstaticpull,fracturesapipe
anddisplacesthefragmentsoutwardswhileanewpipeisdrawnintoreplacetheoldpipe.

Typicalpipeburstinginvolvestheinsertionofaconicallyshapedtool(burstinghead)intotheoldpipe.
Theheadfracturestheoldpipeandforcesitsfragmentsintothesurroundingsoil.Atthesametime,a
newpipeispulledorpushedinbehindtheburstinghead.TypicallyPVCorHDPEpipeisutilizedforthe
newpipeinthepipeburstingprocess.

Advantages

Minimumamountofexcavationrequired.

Mayreducepavementremovalandreplacementcosts.

Jointlesspipethatreducesrootandwaterinfiltration.

Canincreasethediameterofexistingpipe.

Disadvantages

Canbemoreexpensivethanopencuttrenchexcavationinnonpavementareas.

Rootsanddebrismustberemovedfrompipebeforeinstallation.

Notapplicableforcollapsed,severelybrokenpipe,orheavyrootblockages.

LocalContractors

StephensExcavating2172023385

MidStateExcavating2172020850