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Alondra Young

Abstract

Bullying effects people of all ages in any type of environment. I studied the topic of bullying
because it is a serious problem that troubles our youth in todays society. Many people dont take
bullying as serious as they should because they feel its a common thing to experience when
youre in school. However bullying has recently reached new extremes. I know from previous
research and news reports that adolescents commit suicide from bullying. Not to forget seeing
bullying happening in classroom is evidence that it is a serious issue. This means the current
generation must work together to discover why bullying habits have become so extreme. By
solving this problem we can help schools become a safer environment for children.

A bully is a quarrelsome, overbearing person who is habitually badgers and intimidates


smaller or weaker people. Bullying has always happened in schools but in todays society it
seems to be much worse. You often hear about children who dont want to go to school because
there being harassed by someone in school. It is important that we know the detrimental effects
of bullying. There are many questions to consider when on the topic of bullying:
1.
2.
3.
4.

What causes someone to bully others in school?


Do kids of different races and religions get bullied more than others?
What risks do people take when they try to stand up to bullies?
What have people done to stop bullying?

The following review on bullying will provide information on the factors that lead kids to bully
others, which kids are targets when it comes to being bullied, why it is hard for kids to stand up
to bullies and how you can prevent bullying all together.
What causes someone to bully others in school?
Bullies may be acting out on purpose as a cry for help or attention. One reason why
bullies might pick on others is because of the glorification it receives through the media. For
example in a culture thats is fascinated with winning, power and violence it is difficult to not
expect kids to follow what they think is acceptable (Why do People Bully). This is important
because if this is the only thing that kids see their not going to know the correct behavior. To add
someone might get more recognition for negative behaviors on comedic and reality television
shows (Why do People Bully). This is another example of how kids will just follow what they
see on television. Social media also plays a big role on how todays youth acts. With current
technology almost all kids have smart phones, which means it is to easier for kids to access
applications such as Facebook, Instagram and Snap Chat. On these applications kids cyber bully
as well as follow actions from violent behavior. Another major issue on why kids might bully
others in school is family issues that occur in their home life. Families that dont have a warm

loving environment tend to have children who misbehave more, over families that care for
children and pay attention to what is going on in their childs life (Why do People
BullyBullying Statistics). If kids arent receiving attention from home they will seek it
somewhere else. Which results in them picking on children at school. This is beneficial to know
because once you find out why a child is acting a certain way then you can put a stop to its
troublesome behavior. Children from abusive households display more aggressive behavior,
when kids see abuse first hand they believe it is the only way to express themselves (Byrne &
Vanderlip). Children will try to perform the same way in front of their friends. Not to forget
those who suffer from academic
failure tend to bully others more as
well. (Why do People Bully).
Resulting a bully will make fun of
someone who is getting better
grades.

Jealousy

is

strong

emotion that will make you act


irrational toward someone else.
Kids must learn how to not hurt
other

feelings

based

on

Figure 1

something that happened to them. It is crucial to solve any personal problem that bullies have
because it affects the victim greatly. For example in figure 1 it states that 160,000 kids miss
school each day because they fear they are going to get bullied. It also states that children or
teens that bully are more likely to engage in antisocial or delinquent behavior.
Do kids of different races and religions get bullied more than others?

Kids who are of different races or religions seem to struggle more when it comes to being
bullied. When looking for a primary resource I came across an interview. Susie Vanderlip
interviewed MaryAnn Byrne. MaryAnn is a former teacher, a certified counselor specializing in
child adolescent therapy and relation aggression, as well as a certified Olweus bullying
prevention trainer/consultant (Bullying Education(Byrne & Vanderlip, para 1). Susie Vanderlip
is an internationally renowned professional speaker, author and expert on youth and family
issues (Byrne & Vanderlip). During the interview Susie asked MaryAnn Are there cultural,
ethnic, religious issues that make a child more susceptible to bullying? MaryAnn responded
with saying that it depends on where you live but in general no. She goes on to state that children
who are more susceptible to bullying are children with intellectual disabilities and those with
Autism and Aspergers. (Byrne &Vanderlip). This is important because it shows you the different
spectrums of who gets bullied. Susie and MaryAnn also discussed the other conditions which
some get bullied. One example was economic conditions. MaryAnn stated thats economic
factors play a role when it comes to girls bullying one another. Girls can be very petty when it
comes to clothing. By saying things such as Whered you get those jean from? Walmart?
(Byrne & Vanderlip). This is just another way to make young girls insecure about what they
wear. Bullies do this so they can feel superior to others. In a New York Times article a girl named
Sandra who attended Louis Armstrong Middle School expressed her worries on how she thought
she was ready to wear he hijab until students at her school yanked it off her head (Sharon
Otterman). Sandra lives in a religiously tolerant place in Astoria Queens and many other
teenagers who attend the Muslim American Society community center with her go through the
same problems. The president of the community center Ahmed Jamil is surprised to hear
classmates calling each other terrorist or saying comments such as youre going to bomb up

the school (Sharon Otterman). However it is hard for Sandra to hold in her feelings when she
hears certain comments. Sandra used to have frequent trips to the deans office because she
would fight back with those who bullied her. Sandra would soon learn karate to help deal with
her bullying. Every time Sandra would try to put her hijab on in the hopes of continuously
wearing it someone would make fun of her or pull it off. It is important that we teach the youth
no to judge based on appearance. Sandra also stated that people realize once you get to know
her she is just like a regular person and the only difference is where they practice their religious
faiths (Sharon Otterman). Young individuals with a strong mindset are perfect example of how
to deal with bullying. In upstate New York Pine Bush Central School District has agreed to pay
$4.48 million and enact broad reforms in curriculum and training to settle a lawsuit by five
current and former Jewish students who claimed they were victims of anti-Semitism. AntiSemitism is discrimination towards Jewish individuals. The students in the school were being
beaten up and called names. White power chants were being sung to students on the bus ride
home and drawings of swastikas were found on walls and desk (Benjamin Weiser). It is upsetting
that young individuals are being made fun of for who they are. Religion or race shouldnt be a
factor when you are making friends. The school will revise its policies against discrimination and
bullying to ensure this situation never happens again (Benjamin Weiser). Ignorant acts such as
bullying and bullying routed from racism regress society. This research proves that depending on
where you live you can be bullied a great deal sue to your religion.
What risks do people take when they try to stand up to bullies?
Often kids dont approach a situation when one person is bullying another because they
are unsure of what will happen to them. A bully might harass kids who stand up for someone else
this is a main reason why children might be a bystander instead of helping. In the journal article

Standing Up to Bullies, Year-Round by Thomas Umstead it states that more than one-third of
middle and high school students reported being bullied, and 4% of students reported being
bullied online, according to the National Center for Educations Statistics (Thomas Umstead).
Middle school and high school can be tough to go through sometimes. Especially because this is
a place filled with cliques and children wanting to fit in. Youth also wants to feel accepted.
According to Dictionary.com acceptance is favorable reception, approval or favor. In 2012
Cartoon Network aired a 30 minute special about
bullies from a kids point of view. The cartoon
Network campaign was called Stop Bullying: Speak
Up shown in figure 2, this campaign was to help
parents and kids to recognize and report bullying in
Figure 2

schools (Thomas Umstead). It is very beneficial

when children watch specials like this on popular networks such as Cartoon Network because it
shows the proper actions to take. This was a smart idea because many kids watch Cartoon
Network therefore will take in the information that was said during the special. No to forget
Cartoon Network, Time Warner Inc. and CNN has teamed up with Facebook to launch a social
pledge to get children to stop bullying in their communities. This is important because it is great
start to stop bullying. Teaching confidence is important when it comes to standing up to bullies,
if a child lacks confidence it is less likely for them to stand to a bully (Thomas Umstead). As
well as children immediately reporting altercations involving bullying to teachers and bringing
attention to adults automatically can help resolve situation quicker. It is most beneficial that we
teach kids to stand up when they see something that is not right.
What have people done to stop bullying?

There are many strides that people have taken to stop bullying. For example there has
been an entire month dedicated to prevent bullying. There is also a state anti-bullying legislation
as of January 2012 which requires schools to have an anti-bullying policy. Schools must first
promote a free bullying community so kids know that mean behavior is unacceptable. By doing
this you can show children that they are valued, respected and safe. To add empowering
bystanders (Promote Prevent). Now more than ever parents are talking to their children about the
effects of bullying. Encouraging kids to be open about these topics in school, listening carefully,
asking about details and solutions can help validate the childs feelings about bullying. Activities
can also help a great deal when it comes to bullying. For example teaching children empathy,
children will be less likely to hurt someone else if they can imagine themselves in that persons
place. Assertiveness activities can help teach kids to stand up for themselves and others by being
non-aggressive and respectful. Problems solving activities is another resourceful way to help
kids. Problem solving can aid in analyzing the problem and help think of an accurate solution
(Promote Prevent). Promoteprevent.org has implemented a three step strategy to stop the
bullying process. The first step is to partner up with community locals and discuss ways in which
you can put an end to bullying. The second step is to create a plan with the community on how to
improve the situations of bullying. This can lead to introducing programs to the state. The final
step is to act on whatever you have been working on with your community (Promote Prevent).
The significance of these strategies is to help the community stay connected through positive
vibes. Kids in the community will understand that there is no tolerance for bullying. In school
teachers must do their part to help by following the right procedures when witnessing bullying.
Which is to intervene, record the incident and inform the right administrators (American
Psychological Association). Putting an end to bullying starts with the people who see it and have

the ability to stop it. Setting boundaries when it comes to technology is also critical.
Cyberbullying is also a form of harassment that must be stopped. Teaching children not to
forward or respond to harmful emails, place the computer in public place within your household,
and let them know that text messages and direct messages are being monitored (American
Psychological Association). These are the many ways you can stop bullying and the efforts
people have created to stop bullying.
Furthermore bullying is a serious situation that happens to people all the time. Some
bullying cases have had unfavorable outcomes because there was no control over the situation.
Many young loves have been taken away due to bullying. Bullying can be verbal, physical or
even take place through social media. It is essential that we instill skills in children at an early
age that will help put a stop to bullying. Reading the research provided should help give a better
understanding of bullying, how it affects others and how it could be stopped.

Works Cited
Byrne, MaryAnn, and Susie Vanderlip. "MaryAnn Byrne Interviewed By Susie Vanderlip
On the Causes Of Bullying." Bullying Education. Web. 6 Mar. 2016.
"Why Do People Bully? - Bullying Statistics." Bullying Statistics. 07 July 2015. Web. 6
Mar. 2016.
Otterman, Sharon. "Balancing Islam and Middle School in Queens." The New York
Times. The New York Times, 07 Mar. 2015. Web. 6 Mar. 2016.
"Preventingbullying.promoteprevent.org." Take Action. Web. 5 Mar. 2016.
"How Parents, Teachers and Kids Can Take Action to Prevent Bullying."
Http://www.apa.org. Web. 5 Mar. 2016.
Umstead, Thomas. Standing Up To Bullies, Year-Round." Multichannel News 32.40
(2011): 8. Associates Programs Source. Web. 4 Mar. 2016.
Weiser, Benjamin. "Pine Bush School District Settles Anti-Semitism Suit for $4.48
Million." The New York Times. The New York Times, 29 June 2015. Web. 7 Mar. 2016.
"Welcome to the Stop Bullying Now Foundation." Welcome to the Stop Bullying Now
Foundation. 13 Mar. 2016. Web. 10 Mar. 2016.