Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 37

1/37

GO TO ASME.ORG HOME >

Interpretation Detail Print to PDF


Please limit your selection on the search results screen to 10 interpretations.
Standard Designation:
BPV Section IX
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-461.9 and QW-452.3

Record Number:

BC86-103

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/02/1986
IX-86-29

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is a welder qualified to weld a butt joint in pipe or tubing less
than 2-7/8 in. O.D. in the 1G position (rotated) when he has been tested on
pipe in the 6G position, which qualifies him to weld pipe/tube down to
2-7/8 in. O.D.?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-214 and QW-381

Record Number:

BC87-090

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-71

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When qualifying for corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay of
F-No. 6 weld metal on P-No. 1 base metal, in accordance with QW-214 and
QW-381, is it permissible to use a 6-2/3t (2 in.) mandrel diameter for the
side bend tests?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-451.1 vs QW-403.6

Record Number:

BC86-281

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-48

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When impact tests are waived by a book section for the base
material, but are required for the weld metal, is the qualified minimum base
metal thickness that given in QW-451.1?
Reply: Yes.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

2/37

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-322(a)

Record Number:

BC86-394

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-52

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: In order to maintain his qualifications, must a welder actually
weld with each of his qualified welding processes within 6 months when
they have been extended in accordance with QW-322(a)?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-381

Record Number:

BC86-457

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/02/1987
IX-86-58

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is a welder, who has a groove or fillet qualification with F-No. 5,
A-No. 8 filler metal and respecting the QW-350 essential variables,
qualified to weld corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-356 and QW-360

Record Number:

BC87-039

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-68

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does a welder performance qualification for manual GTAW in
accordance with QW-304 and the essential variables of QW-356 qualify a
welding operator to perform machine welding (GTAW process)?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-452

Record Number:

BC86-104

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/02/1986
IX-86-30

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

3/37

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May an existing welder qualification for a specific process in all
positions, but with limited deposited weld metal thickness, be extended for
all positions by making an additional test in the 1G position on a thicker
plate?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-383

Record Number:

BC86-222

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-32

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a welder who has qualified to apply corrosion-resistant weld
metal overlay also weld the corrosion-resistant overlay (cladding) portion of
a groove weld in composite (clad) materials?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-281.2(c)

Record Number:

BC86-458

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/02/1987
IX-86-59

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does a PQR using P-No. 1 base material and AWS E347
corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay support a WPS using P-No. 1 base
material and AWS E316L corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay with all
other essential variables unchanged?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-191.2.2

Record Number:

BC86-517

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/02/1987
IX-86-62

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When using QW-191.2.2, shall linear porosity (hollow bead,
wormhole/piping porosity), in which the length is more than three times the
width, be evaluated using QW-191.2.2(a)(2) elongated slab inclusion
limits?
Reply: Yes.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

4/37

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-381

Record Number:

BC87-036

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-66

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If a welder passes a groove weld test and meets the requirements
of QW-350, is he qualified to make corrosion-resistant weld metal
overlays?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-408.3 and QW-408.9

Record Number:

BC87-038

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-67

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is it permissible to reduce the flow rate of shielding gas in
GMAW and GTAW below that actually used to qualify the procedure
provided the WPS is amended or a new WPS is written without
requalification?
Reply: Yes, except for the materials listed in QW-408.9.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-310.1

Record Number:

BC86-266

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-35

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May 5 in. NPS pipe be used instead of 6 in. or larger pipe to
qualify welders in both the 2G and 5G combination test positions per QW310.1?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-202.4 and QW-451.1

Record Number:

BC86-280

Date Issued:

09/23/1986

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

5/37

Interpretation Number :

IX-86-36

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A welding procedure is qualified on a base material thickness of
0.365 in. using the SMAW process. May this welding procedure be used in
production to weld a tee groove joint utilizing a 0.25 in. thick angle to an 18
gage (0.0516 in.) vessel shell?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-181.1 and QW-451.3

Record Number:

BC86-329

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-40

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: For procedure qualification, do QW-181.1 and QW-451.3
prohibit the use of materials in product forms other than plate and pipe?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-322

Record Number:

BC86-389

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-50

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A welding operator qualified for GTAW on groove welds has let
his qualification lapse. The welding operator is subsequently qualified for
GTAW corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay cladding. Does this
subsequent qualification renew the welding operator's qualification for
GTAW of groove welds?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-350

Record Number:

BC86-390

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-51

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Per QW-403.18, is a welder who qualified on P-No. 1 base metal
also qualified on P-No. 1 through P-No. 11 and P-No. 4x base metal where
all other performance essential variables are constant?
Reply: Yes.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

6/37

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, Brazing Procedure Qualification

Record Number:

BC86-399

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-53

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a brazing procedure be qualified by a proof test to failure?
For example, but not limited to UG-101(m) proof test, of actual parts, or
vessels as unique joints?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-410.7

Record Number:

BC86-426

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-55

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Can a PQR using manual GTAW, where the parameters of QW410.7 were not recorded, support a WPS for machine GTAW where notch
toughness and QW-410.7 are required?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-202.3

Record Number:

BC86-429

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-56

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May a qualified SAW (strip technique)/FCAW combination
procedure be utilized for base metal buildup as indicated in QW-200.4 and
QW-202.3?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QB-408.2

Record Number:

BC85-531

Date Issued:

03/14/1986

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

7/37

Interpretation Number :

IX-86-22

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): In QB-408.2, does a change outside the "range specified on
the BPS" require requalification of a brazing procedure?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): In QB-408.2, does a change from the exact joint clearance
recorded on the PQR require requalification of the brazing procedure?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-301 and QW-320

Record Number:

BC86-001

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/30/1986
IX-86-24

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): If a welder or welding operator fails to pass the renewal of
qualification test of QW-322, does the failure constitute a specific reason
under QW-322(c) to question his ability to make welds that meet the
specification?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): A manufacturer has reason to question the ability of a welder


or welding operator to make acceptable welds. Does Section IX permit the
manufacturer to use the renewal of qualification test of QW-322 to ascertain
his ability?
Reply (2): No.

Question (3): A manufacturer has reason to question the ability of a welder


or welding operator to make acceptable welds. In order to demonstrate his
ability to make welds that meet the specification, does Section IX require
qualification in accordance with QW-301?
Reply (3): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-256 and QW-410.26

Record Number:

BC86-059

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/30/1986
IX-86-26

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does Section IX address the use of roll planishing to smooth the
surface of welds in a stainless steel vessel?
Reply: No.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

8/37

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-311 (New QW-381)

Record Number:

BC86-061

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/30/1986
IX-86-27

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Using the SMAW process for corrosion-resistant weld metal
overlay, is any maximum limit imposed by QW-311 on the thickness of
overlay which a welder is qualified to deposit?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-300 and QW-301

Record Number:

BC86-018

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/30/1986
IX-86-25

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Per QW-300.2, may several contractors simultaneously
conduct the performance qualification test(s) of a welder?
Reply (1): Section IX does not address this situation.

Question (2): Per QW-301.2, may a welder simultaneously weld


performance qualification test coupons in accordance with the Welding
Procedure Specification of several contractors when only the essential
variables are documented as equivalent?
Reply (2): Section IX does not address this situation.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, Qualification Requirements for Fillet Weld Repairs

Record Number:

BC86-062

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/30/1986
IX-86-28

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Do the performance qualification requirements of QW-303.1
and QW-452.6 apply when repairing fillet welds?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Does the deposited weld metal thickness of QW-452.1 apply
to fillet weld repairs?
Reply (2): No.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

9/37

Question (3): Do the procedure qualification requirements of QW-202.2(c)


and QW-451.4 apply to the repair of fillet welds?
Reply (3): Yes.

Question (4): Does QW-202.3 place an upper limit on base metal and
deposited weld metal thickness for fillet weld repairs?
Reply (4): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-451

Record Number:

BC86-101

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-31

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): When welding a partial penetration nozzle joint detail similar
to that shown in UW-16.1 sketch (q) of ASME Section VIII, Division 1,
must the shell and reinforcing pad thickness be combined to determine the
base metal thickness that must be qualified by a weld procedure in
accordance with QW-451 of Section IX?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): When welding a full penetration nozzle joint detail utilizing a
reinforcing pad plate, must the shell and reinforcing pad thickness be
combined to determine the base metal thickness that must be qualified by a
weld procedure in accordance with QW-451 of Section IX?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-163 and QW-200

Record Number:

BC86-331

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-42

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Do acceptable bend and tensile test results for the SMAW process
of a combination GTAW/SMAW PQR support a SMAW procedure when
the GTAW process test results are not acceptable?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-410.15
09/23/1986

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

10/37

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BC86-365
IX-86-44

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-410.15 apply to the distance between the electrode and
the filler metal when using the GTAW process?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-462.1(a)

Record Number:

BC86-366

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-45

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Do test specimens machined to QW-462.1(a) of the 1983 Edition
of Section IX satisfy the requirements of the current edition of Section IX?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-355

Record Number:

BC86-219

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-46

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is a welder who is qualified using gas metal-arc welding
(GMAW) also qualified for flux-cored arc welding (FCAW) or vice versa,
provided the other variables for performance qualification remain
unchanged?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-407.1(b)

Record Number:

BC86-223

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-47

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If a weld to P-No. 43 material is made without a PWHT, and
subsequently the weld receives a heat treatment because of the PWHT of a
nearby ferritic weld, does QW-407.1(b) require that a procedure
qualification be conducted for P-No. 43 material using PWHT?
Reply: Yes.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

11/37

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-200.4, QW-306, and QW-407.4

Record Number:

BC85-553

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/21/1986
IX-86-23

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A Procedure Qualification Record (PQR) for a single welded
joint was qualified using 1/2 in. thick base metal. GTAW was used for the
first 1/8 in., and SMAW for the remaining 3/8 in. Will this PQR support a
Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) for deposited weld metal
thicknesses of 1/4 in. and less using GTAW?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Will the PQR in Question (1) support a WPS for deposited
weld metal thicknesses of 3/4 in. and less using SMAW?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): Will the PQR in Question (1) qualify a WPS for first using
SMAW on 3/4 in. and less deposited weld metal thickness followed by
GTAW on 1/4 in. and less deposited weld metal thickness?
Reply (3): Yes.

Question (4): The welder who successfully welded the test coupon for the
PQR in Question (1) is to be used to production weld. Is it necessary to
qualify this welder so that he may use the WPS in Question (1) within the
variables of QW-350?
Reply (4): No.

Question (5): Is it necessary to qualify this welder so that he may use the
WPS in Question (2), where the WPS uses backing, within the variables of
QW-350?
Reply (5): No.

Question (6): Is it necessary to qualify this welder so that he may use the
WPS in Question (2) where the WPS does not have backing in a singlewelded groove?
Reply (6): Yes.

Question (7): Is it necessary to qualify this welder so that he may use the
WPS in Question (3) in a single-welded joint?
Reply (7): Yes.

Question(8): Is the GTAW weld deposit of the PQR considered the backing
for the SMAW?
Reply (8): Yes. Question (9): QW-407.5 uses the term "critical temperature
range." Does critical temperature range mean above the upper
transformation range?

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

12/37

Reply (9): Yes.


Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-200.4

Record Number:

BC86-262

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-33

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When preparing a WPS and WPQ using the shielded metal arc
welding process with different filler metals (E6010 and E7018), is it
required to list the E6010 electrode as weld metal backing if this filler metal
is removed after it has served its purpose for backing? The deposit weld
metal for the E6010 is not subjected to the mechanical test required by QW200.4.
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-302.2

Record Number:

BC86-265

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-34

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: One 1/2 in. NPS and one 3 in. NPS Schedule 40 pipe coupon are
welded in the 2G position, and one 1/2 in. NPS and one 3 in. NPS Schedule
40 pipe coupon are welded in the 5G position using the GTAW process. If
performance qualification is by radiography, is the welder qualified to weld
1/2 in. NPS diameter pipe up to a maximum deposited weld metal thickness
of 2t?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-162.1 and QW-466.3

Record Number:

BC86-297

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-37

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): In reference to QW-466.3, Note (c), are methods of restraint
other than the one indicated acceptable as long as sliding of the specimen is
prevented?
Reply (1): Yes.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

13/37

Question (2): Note (d) of QW-466.3 implies that the roller moves relative to
the axis of A with the clamp remaining in a fixed position. The same result
is achieved if the clamp and A rotate in the opposite direction with the roller
fixed. As long as the specimen is bent into a U shape, is this method
acceptable per QW-162.1 as being substantially in accordance with QW466?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QB-466.3

Record Number:

BC86-298

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-38

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): In QB-466.3, Note (b), are methods of restraint other than the
one indicated acceptable as long as sliding of the specimen is prevented?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Note (c) of QB-466.3 implies that the roller moves relative to
the axis of A with the clamp remaining in a fixed position. The same result
is achieved if the clamp and A rotate in the opposite direction with the roller
fixed. As long as the specimen is bent into a U shape, is this method
acceptable per QB-162.1 as being substantially in accordance with QB-466?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-452, Note (2)

Record Number:

BC86-299

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-39

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is a welder who successfully passes qualification tests using the
following variables thereby qualified to weld a 2 in. Schedule 80 pipe using
a backing ring and the SMAW process? (a) Test on 2 in. Schedule 80 pipe
with open butt using GTAW. (b) Test on 10 in. Schedule 80 pipe with open
butt using GTAW for the root and hot pass followed by fill passes using
SMAW.
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-403.18
09/23/1986

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

14/37

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BC86-330
IX-86-41

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Would a welder qualified to a WPS for P-No. 1 material and
E7018 electrode be qualified to weld on P-No. 4 or P-No. 5 material using
F-No. 4 electrodes within the limits of QW-416 and QW-452 and the limits
of the specific WPS for the P-No. 4 or P-No. 5 material?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Would a welder qualified to a WPS for P-No. 1 material and
ER70S-2 electrode be qualified to weld on P-No. 4, P-No. 5, or P-No. 8
materials using F-No. 6 electrodes within the limits of QW-416 and QW452 and the limits of the specific WPS for the P-No. 4, P-No. 5, or P-No. 8
metals?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-202.4

Record Number:

BC86-337

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/23/1986
IX-86-43

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): In qualifying a WPS, may the actual production base metal
thickness be used as the weld test coupon thickness?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): In qualifying a WPS to cover 9 mm and 28 mm base metal


thicknesses, the 28 mm side of the test coupon was tapered 3 to 1, making
the thickness at the weld 9 mm. Is the WPS qualified for the two
thicknesses?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-201

Record Number:

BC86-367

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-49

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-201 allow a manufacturer to subcontract welding to
another organization without requiring that subcontractor to perform
procedure qualifications to ASME Section IX if the following conditions
apply? (a) The original manufacturer writes and qualifies the weld
procedure in accordance with Section IX and references this procedure on
engineering drawings supplied to the subcontractor. (b) The subcontractor
performs all welding in accordance with the procedures written and

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

15/37

qualified by the manufacturer. (c) The subcontractor and manufacturer


qualifies all welders in accordance with Section IX.
Reply: No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-402.3 and QW-402.5

Record Number:

BC86-400

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

11/24/1986
IX-86-54

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Does the reference to a P-Number on the WPS satisfy the
nominal composition required by QW-402.3 and QW-402.5 for the
nonessential variable backing material?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Must the actual composition of the backing material used in
the qualification of a WPS be documented on the PQR?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-404.5

Record Number:

BC86-263

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/02/1987
IX-86-57

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Does Interpretation IX-83-140 apply only to materials listed
in the F-Number Table QW-432.1?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): For what welding processes is a chemical analysis of ferrous


weld deposit required in order to determine the A-Number?

Reply (2): A chemical analysis of ferrous weld deposit is required for OFW,
SMAW, GTAW, PAW, GMAW, SAW, EGW, and ESW. This analysis
may be determined by the methods provided in QW-404.5.
Question (3): Is a chemical analysis required for ferrous weld deposit made
between base materials from two different P-Numbers?

Reply (3): A chemical analysis of ferrous weld deposit is required for OFW,
SMAW, GTAW, PAW, GMAW, SAW, EGW, and ESW. This analysis
may be determined by the methods provided in QW-404.5.
Question (4): If a chemical analysis is performed on the weld deposit of a
test coupon consisting of ferrous materials from dissimilar base materials,
from where should the chemical analysis material be removed?

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

16/37

Reply (4): From the weld deposit.

Question (5): Is the location specified in the answer to Question (4)


different if the provisions of QW-194 are utilized to qualify welds between
dissimilar metals?
Reply (5): No.

Question (6): Does QW-462.5 apply to the replies for Questions (4) or (5)?
Reply (6): No. Question (7): Will the chemical analysis obtained as part of
the Procedure Qualification be satisfactory for Section I or VIII use?
Reply (7): This subject is not addressed by Section IX.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-410.9

Record Number:

BC86-514A

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/02/1987
IX-86-60

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): An impact tested combination WPS was qualified and
contained a root pass and two passes of GTAW, multipass of SMAW and
SAW. If a production weld contains only a GTAW root pass and multipass
of SMAW and SAW, is requalification necessary due to a change from
multipass to single pass per side for the GTAW?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): If the same production weld contained only one pass of
SMAW and multipasses of SAW, would requalification be necessary?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-163

Record Number:

BC86-515

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/02/1987
IX-86-61

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Is a bend test specimen exhibiting open defects exceeding 1/8
in. on the convex surface, which resulted from slag inclusions and other
internal defects, acceptable in accordance with QW-163?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Is a bend specimen exhibiting corner cracks in excess of 1/8


in. acceptable if they are not the result of slag inclusions or other internal
defects?

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

17/37

Reply (2): Yes.


Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-410.15

Record Number:

BC86-520

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

03/02/1987
IX-86-63

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Does QW-410.15 apply to processes or welding procedures
where only a single electrode is specified?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Does QW-410.15 apply to automatic hot wire GTAW?


Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): Is the electrically preheated filler wire in hot wire GTAW
considered an electrode within the context of QW-410.15?
Reply (3): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-300.2

Record Number:

BC86-395

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-64

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Can one organization employ welders and use another
organization's Welding Procedure Specification (WPS) to qualify these
welders to make welds for the second organization, where effective
operational control of performance or procedure qualification does not exist
between the two organizations?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-404

Record Number:

BC87-031A

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-65

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): May a manufacturer use different brands and/or
manufacturers of welding electrodes from that used on the qualification test

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

18/37

coupon when the electrodes are all classified as the same SFA specification
and classification electrodes?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Must the manufacturer obtain a deposit chemical analysis or


obtain a typical certificate of conformance showing the deposit chemical
analysis for the electrodes used to weld the qualification test coupon when
the electrodes to be used in production welding are all classified as the same
SFA specification and classification electrode as was used to weld the
qualification test coupon?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-301

Record Number:

BC87-088

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-69

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A welder was qualified using a 60 deg. angle groove WPS. Is
this welder qualified to weld a 75 deg. angle groove weld where all other
essential variables are the same?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): A welder was qualified using a 75 deg. angle groove WPS. Is
this welder qualified to weld a 60 deg. angle groove weld where all other
essential variables are the same?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-200.2 and QW-483

Record Number:

BC87-089

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-70

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Is the absence of a laboratory test number on a Procedure
Qualification Record (PQR), QW-483 or equivalent, cause for rendering the
document invalid?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Is the PQR invalid if the laboratory test results are specified
on a PQR and neither the laboratory nor the owner of the PQR can produce
a copy of the laboratory test results?
Reply (2): No.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

19/37

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-416

Record Number:

BC87-091

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

05/07/1987
IX-86-72

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): May a welding procedure qualification record be editorially
corrected to include variables that had been omitted provided this
information can be substantiated by lab records or similar data?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Per QW-403.18 and QW-423, if a welder is qualified for


welding P-No. 1 base materials using ER 70S-2 (F-No. 6) filler metal, is he
also qualified to weld P-No. 8 or P-No. 45 base materials with other filler
metals, classified in QW-432 as F-No. 6 filler metals?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-405.3 and QW-416

Record Number:

BC87-494

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/29/1988
IX-86-86

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Is a welder who has successfully passed a qualification test
using manual SMAW, in the uphill progression, also qualified to weld in
the downhill progression (cover and root passes are not at issue)?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Is a welder who has successfully passed a qualification test


using manual SMAW, in the downhill progression, also qualified to weld in
the uphill progression (cover and root passes are not at issue)?
Reply (2): No.

Question (3): Do the above responses hold true for Section IX, 1980 Edition
with Addenda through Winter 1982?
Reply (3): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-202.2 and QW-303.1

Record Number:

BC87-134

Date Issued:

09/24/1987

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

20/37

Interpretation Number :

IX-86-74

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Do groove weld procedures qualified in accordance with QW202.2 qualify all fillet weld sizes on all base metal thicknesses and all
diameters if the resulting fillet or socket welds exhibit areas of meltthrough, sagging, dripping, or breakdown of the internal surfaces leading to
convexity or concavity?
Reply (1): Yes, within the provisions of QW-100.1.

Question (2): A welder, qualified in accordance with QW-303.1, produces


acceptable groove welds. However, fillet or socket welds produced exhibit
areas of melt-through, sagging, dripping, or breakdown of the internal
surfaces leading to convexity or concavity. Is the welder required to be
retested in accordance with QW-303.2?
Reply (2): No. The manufacturer or contractor has the option to establish
retest requirements.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.5 and QW-403.11

Record Number:

BC87-136

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1987
IX-86-75

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does a PQR for joining P-No. 3 Gr. No. 3 to P-No. 3 Gr. No. 3
base metal qualify for the joining of P-No. 3 Gr. No. 3 to P-No. 3 Gr. No. 1
base metal where notch toughness testing is required?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-404 and QW-407

Record Number:

BC87-137

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1987
IX-86-76

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Is requalification of a SAW procedure required if the filler
metal is not classified in Section II, Part C, and is manufactured by an
organization other than that used in qualification, even though the nominal
chemical composition of the weld deposits for each filler metal is identical
to that used in qualification?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Does a PQR, qualified with PWHT at a temperature less than
the lower transformation temperature of the base material, support a WPS
specifying a different PWHT temperature, provided this temperature is also
less than the lower transformation temperature of the base material and all
other essential variables remain the same?

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

21/37

Reply (2): Yes.


Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, Test Specimen Movement

Record Number:

BC87-138

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1987
IX-86-77

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: For welder qualification, does Section IX prohibit the changing of
the height of a weld test coupon during the welding of the coupon?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.5

Record Number:

BC87-139

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1987
IX-86-78

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A PQR exists for welding a P-No. 1 Gr. No. 2 material to a P-No.
1 Gr. No. 2 material with acceptable notch toughness properties. Does this
PQR qualify for welding a P-No. 1 Gr. No. 1 material to a P-No. 1 Gr. No.
2 material where notch toughness is required?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-302.2 and QW-321.2(a)

Record Number:

BC87-140

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

09/24/1987
IX-86-79

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: May test coupons made from plate, for welder qualification by
radiographic examination, be longer than 6 in., with the required length of
weld examined by radiography a minimum of 6 in., so that the weld starts
and stops at the ends of the test coupon are not included in the radiograph?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-402.11, Flexible Welding Back-Up Tape

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

22/37

Date Issued:

12/14/1987

Interpretation Number :

IX-86-80

Record Number:

BC87-253

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is flexible welding back-up tape considered a nonmetallic retainer
per Section IX, QW-402.11?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-322

Record Number:

BC87-242

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/29/1988
IX-86-81

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If a welder is qualified with two contractors under the restrictions
of equivalent essential variables, does the welder remain qualified with both
contractors if he welds with only one of the contractors with the same
process for a period of 3 months or more?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-322

Record Number:

BC87-252

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/29/1988
IX-86-82

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Does a welder who welds in only one position for more than 6
months maintain his qualification in other positions for which he is
qualified for a given process?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Does a welder who is qualified for a given process for both
groove and corrosion-resistant welding maintain his qualification for
corrosion-resistant overlay welding if he welds groove-welds only for more
than 6 months?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): Is changing from groove-welding to corrosion-resistant or


wear-resistant welding considered a change in process for maintenance of
welder qualification?
Reply (3): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

BPV Section IX

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

23/37

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

Section IX, Intermittent Nondestructive Testing

Record Number:

BC87-489A

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/29/1988
IX-86-83

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Is intermediate additional nondestructive examination during


welding of a welding procedure qualification test assembly prohibited by
Section IX?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-404.5

Record Number:

BC87-491

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/29/1988
IX-86-84

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does a PQR employing an E7018 A-1(A-No.2) electrode qualify
the use of an E7018 (A-No. 1) electrode, with all other essential variables
unchanged?
Reply: Yes. See QW-431.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-304

Record Number:

BC87-492

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/29/1988
IX-86-85

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: As per QW-304, with the exception of the short-circuiting mode,
is it permissible to qualify a welder by radiography alone when using the
FCAW process?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-200.2

Record Number:

BC87-490A

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/02/1988
IX-86-87

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A procedure qualification consisting of a double-welded butt
groove joint is made with SMAW root and SAW fill. Prior to back-side

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

24/37

welding with SAW, the SMAW root pass is almost completely removed by
back gouging. Does the above procedure qualification support a
combination WPS of SMAW and SAW if the SMAW root pass is
completely removed in production?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): If in the above question the SMAW root is completely


removed in the procedure qualification, is SMAW qualified to be used in
production welding?
Reply (2): No.

Question (3): Is a welder who makes a root pass on a double-welded butt


joint qualification test, qualified to weld without backing?
Reply (3): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-422

Record Number:

BC88-041

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/02/1988
IX-86-88

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Can the chemical analysis or mechanical properties of a material
assigned to a P-Number in QW-422 be modified from the requirements of
the material specification and still be considered assigned to that
P-Number?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-202.4

Record Number:

BC88-089

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/02/1988
IX-86-89

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When employing a groove-weld WPS to join flat plates of
dissimilar thickness in a corner joint, is it a requirement of QW-202.4 that
both the thicker and thinner members must be qualified within the range
permitted by QW-451 unless the alternative provided in QW-202.4 is used?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-301.4

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

25/37

Date Issued:

06/02/1988

Interpretation Number :

IX-86-90

Record Number:

BC88-091

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: QW-301.4 requires a record of Welder Performance


Qualification. May the Procedure Qualification Record Form (PQR) serve
as the Welder Performance Qualification Form (WPQ) for the welder who
prepared the qualification test coupons?
Reply: Yes, provided all required Welder Performance Qualification
information is included on the PQR Form.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-482

Record Number:

BC88-042

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/06/1988
IX-89-01

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: In describing the joint backing on the WPS for a multiprocess
single-welded groove weld procedure with no backing for the root pass,
must the backing for each process after the root pass be individually
addressed?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-351 and QW-452

Record Number:

BC88-090

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/06/1988
IX-89-02

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A performance qualification groove weld test coupon has
been successfully made by a welder on a 3/4 in. thick test coupon using
transverse bend tests in accordance with QW-452. The test weld was made
with one process, utilizing filler metals of two different F-Numbers. Is the
deposited weld metal thickness qualified, for each of the F-Number filler
metals used in qualification, "max. to be welded"?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Is the deposited weld metal thickness qualified, for the
welding process utilized in qualification, "max. to be welded"?
Reply (2): Yes.

Question (3): Is the deposited weld metal thickness for each of the
additional F-Number filler metals qualified in accordance with QW-404.28,
QW-404.11, QW-404.15, and QW-404.16 "max. to be welded"?
Reply (3): Yes.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

26/37

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-100.1 and QW-200.1

Record Number:

BC88-166A

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/06/1988
IX-89-03

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Is it required that all of the essential and nonessential
variables listed in QW-250 through QW-280 for each welding process be
addressed in the WPS, even though some of these variables are not
applicable?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): When QW-410.9 is a variable for a process, may a qualified


multipass welding procedure be used to make single pass repairs, even if the
WPS does not specify a single pass technique?
Reply (2): No.

Question (3): Is it permissible to record the required essential variables of


QW-352 through QW-357 for more than one process on a single WPQ
record?
Reply (3): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-153.1

Record Number:

BC88-167

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/06/1988
IX-89-04

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Does QW-153.1(d) apply not only to the qualification of a
WPS, but also to any subsequent tensile testing which may be required as a
result of a customer's request?
Reply (1): No; QW-153.1 only applies to the qualification of a WPS.
Question (2): Are any yield strength elongations or reduction of area
determinations from said tensile test relevant as far as QW-153.1 is
concerned?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:
Date Issued:

BPV Section IX
Section IX, QW-424
10/06/1988

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

27/37

Record Number:

Interpretation Number :

BC88-168
IX-89-05

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): When qualification in accordance with Section IX is required
by the construction code for welding of non-pressure retaining attachments
to pressure parts, does QW-424 apply?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Can materials made in accordance with different standards


and/or with different specifications but with the same nominal chemical
composition and mechanical properties, be treated as the same unassigned
metal?
Reply (2): Yes; see QW-424.1.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-452.1

Record Number:

BC88-169

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/06/1988
IX-89-06

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A production butt weld 120 mm thick is to be made. May two
welders, each qualified to deposit a maximum thickness of 20 mm,
alternatively deposit weld layers not exceeding their qualified thickness,
resulting in a completed weld where each of the welders deposited a total of
approximately 60 mm of filler material, thereby exceeding their maximum
qualified thickness in the production weldment?
Reply: No; see QW-351.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.6 and QW-451

Record Number:

BC88-171

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/06/1988
IX-89-07

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Does Table QW-451 apply to production welds and/or
production weld coupons, or does it apply to welding procedure
qualification only?

Reply (1): Table QW-451 applies to welding procedure qualification for


production welding. The requirements for production weld coupons are
specified by the construction code.

Question (2): Does QW-403.6 refer to production welds and/or production


weld coupons, or to welding procedure qualification only?

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

28/37

Reply (2): QW-403.6 applies to welding procedure qualification for


production welding. The requirements for production weld coupons are
specified by the construction code.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section II, Part C, Chemistry Deviations

Record Number:

BC88-172

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/06/1988
IX-89-08

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): If the composition of a welding rod or electrode deviates from
the limits given in the appropriate SFA specification, but the mechanical
properties and all other requirements of the specification have been met, can
the manufacturer state that his product is classified according to AWS?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): Given the situation in Question (1), can the manufacturer state
that his product complies with the requirements of Section II, Part C, except
Si and/or Mn?
Reply (2): No.

Question (3): According to SFA 5.4, para. 13.2, chemical analysis must be
tested from a weld pad sample. As the results obtained are not satisfactory,
can the manufacturer take the analysis from the all-weld-metal tension test
specimen?
Reply (3): No.

Question (4): If the results of the test in Question (3) are on the acceptable
limits, can the manufacturer state that his product complies with the
requirements of Section II, Part C?
Reply (4): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-452.3

Record Number:

BC88-397

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/14/1988
IX-89-09

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If a welder qualifies with a process on NPS 2 in the 6G position,
is he then qualified per QW-452.3 to weld larger diameter pipe with that
process, assuming that all other essential variables are unchanged?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:

BPV Section IX

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

29/37

Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-300.2

Record Number:

BC88-398

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/14/1988
IX-89-10

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): May an organization, as defined in QW-300.2, incorporate a
procedure in its Quality Control System to receive the data supplied by
another organization beyond its operational control, for the purpose of
providing effective operational control of performance qualifications as
described in QW-300.2?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): May two or more companies within the same organization
provide the data described in Question (1) to each other for the purpose of
providing effective operational control of performance qualifications as
described in QW-300.2?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-250

Record Number:

BC88-399

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/14/1988
IX-89-11

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If qualified SMAW procedures exist for welding P-No.1 GrNo.2, 0.5 in. pipe with a 0.188 in. wall in the 6G position using an F-No. 4
electrode, and P-No. 1 Gr-No.2, 4.0 in. pipe with a 436 in. wall in the 6G
position using an F-No. 4 electrode, will a separate welding procedure be
required to weld 2 in. pipe with a 0.436 in. wall?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-202.3

Record Number:

BC88-401

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/14/1988
IX-89-12

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Can a WPS qualified on groove welds be used for weld repairs to
corrosion-resistant weld metal overlay per QW-202.3?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:

BPV Section IX

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

30/37

Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

Section II, Part C, SFA-5.1

Record Number:

BC88-402

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/14/1988
IX-89-13

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When welding on ASME Code items operational at temperatures
less than -20F, may the manufacturer use E-7018 electrodes in place of
E-7018-1 electrodes in the flat position, even though the procedure
qualification was done with E-7018-1 electrodes?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.1 and QW-422

Record Number:

BC88-403

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/14/1988
IX-89-14

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does the use of SA-420, S41500, require requalification if ASTM
A 487, Class CA6NM, was originally used during procedure qualification?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-423

Record Number:

BC88-404

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

12/14/1988
IX-89-15

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: If a welder is qualified for the welding of P-No. 1 material, is he
also qualified for P-No. 1 through P-No. 11 and P-No. 4X material?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-408

Record Number:

BC88-405

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

Question(s) and Reply(ies):

12/14/1988
IX-89-16

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

31/37

Question: Is the terminology welding grade acceptable to use on the WPS


and PQR for shielding gas percentage when argon is used as a single
shielding gas for the GTAW process?
Reply: Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-200

Record Number:

BC88-473

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/27/1989
IX-89-17

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Must a qualified SMAW WPS written for a groove weld on pipe
be revised and requalified to support a SMAW groove weld on plate?
Reply: Yes, however, procedure requalification is not required.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-451.1

Record Number:

BC88-474

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/27/1989
IX-89-18

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A 3/8 in. thick SA-240 plate is used as base metal in coupon
preparation. Actual base metal coupon thickness is 0.413 in., which
complies with thickness tolerances outlined in SA-480. Is the range of base
metal thickness qualified 1/16 in. to 3/4 in. inclusive?
Reply: Yes, provided 3/8 in. is recorded on the PQR.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-409.8

Record Number:

BC88-476

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/27/1989
IX-89-19

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): For the SMAW and GTAW processes, is it necessary to
specify the amperage range, ie., non-essential variable, on the WPS when
the voltage range is identified?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): For the GMAW process, is it necessary to specify either


amperage or voltage, or both, on the WPS when the WPS identifies a wire
feed rate range?

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

32/37

Reply (2): Voltage must be specified, amperage need not be specified on the
WPS.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.16, QW-404.30, and QW-405.1

Record Number:

BC88-478

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

02/27/1989
IX-89-20

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Given a qualified GTAW groove weld procedure whose T
range is 1/16 in. to 1/2 in. with 1/2 in. t, will the following welder
qualification data support all position welding of plate and pipe above 1/4
in. NPS with a maximum t of 0.432 in. and a maximum T of 1/2 in.?
Coupon; 3 in. pipe, schedule 40, 0.088 in. wall; 3 in. pipe, schedule 40,
0.216 in. wall.; position 2G; position 5G. Both coupons were successfully
bend tested in accordance with QW-452.1.
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): A welder qualifies on a 3 in. schedule 40 pipe coupon, 0.216


in. wall groove weld, using the GTAW process. According to QW-452.1, he
is qualified for 2 X 0.216 in., or 0.432 in. May the decimal dimension be
rounded up to the nearest fractional value, 7/16 in., and the fraction value
used for the welder qualification t limit?
Reply (2): No.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-452.1

Record Number:

BC89-031

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/07/1989
IX-89-21

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A welder is qualified by radiographic examination as


permitted in QW-304, for the following processes/test coupon thicknesses:
SMAW -- Test Coupon 15 mm nominal wall thickness; SAW -- Test
Coupon 18 mm nominal wall thickness; GTAW -- Test Coupon 10 mm
nominal wall thickness. Is the welder qualified up to the following
thicknesses of deposited weld metal, as determined from table QW-452.1:
SMAW -- 30 mm; SAW -- 36 mm, GTAW -- 20 mm?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Does QW-452.1, third column, address only the limitations of
deposited weld metal thicknesses and not the maximum work piece
thickness qualified?
Reply (2): Yes.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

33/37

Question (3): May a workpiece 86 mm (nominal) thickness be welded by


the above welder, when he deposits the maximum thickness weld metal
with each process for which he is qualified?
Reply (3): Yes.

Question (4): On form QW-484 shall the thickness to be written as the


deposited weld metal thickness be recorded separately for each process used
during the welder qualification test?
Reply (4): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-283

Record Number:

BC89-094

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/07/1989
IX-89-22

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Does QW-283 apply when welding carbon or low alloy steels
such as P-No.1 through P-No.5 materials to another carbon or low alloy
steel, when one or both of the base metals is "buttered" with one or more
layers of an austenitic stainless steel or nickel based alloy?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-403.5

Record Number:

BC89-096

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/07/1989
IX-89-23

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A welding procedure qualification is made using the
following combination of base metals P-No.1 Gr-No.1 to P-No.1 Gr-No.2.
The client specification requires impact testing only for P-No.1 Gr-No.1
materials (in the weld metal and heat affected zone). For procedure
qualification purposes, is the impact testing only required in the weld metal
and in the heat affected zone on the P-No.1 Gr-No.1 base metal side?
Reply (1): Impact tests are conducted when required by other ASME
Sections.

Question (2): Does the procedure qualification test coupon qualify the
welding of P-No.1 Gr-No.1 base metal to any other P-No.1 base metal not
to be impact tested using the variables qualified?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

BPV Section IX

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

34/37

Para./Fig./Table No:
Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-404.30, and QW-405.1

Record Number:

BC89-097

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/07/1989
IX-89-24

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A welder is currently qualified to deposit in. in all positions.
Will an additional test on a in. thick coupon welded in the 1G test
position qualify him to deposit the "max. to be welded" (per QW-452.1) in
all positions?
Reply: No.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-151.1 and QW-462.1(a)

Record Number:

BC89-099

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/07/1989
IX-89-25

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): Is there a minimum machine thickness requirement, in
relation to the original test coupon thickness, for reduced section tensile
specimens to conform to the dimensions of QW-462.1(a)?
Reply (1): No.

Question (2): In paragraph QW-462 is there a dimension y in relation to


dimensions x or T which is unacceptable?

Reply (2): In paragraph QW-462 x, y, and T are not dimensional, they are
used to designate test coupon locations.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, 1987 Addenda, QW-403.5, and QW-424

Record Number:

BC89-103

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

06/07/1989
IX-89-26

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A PQR has been qualified using a combination of SMAW and
SAW on P-No.5 Gr-No.1 and P-No.4 Gr-No.1 materials. Will a WPS be
supported utilizing this PQR for P-No.5 Gr-No.1 to P-No.4 Gr-No.1,
P-No.3, or P-No.1 materials if supplementary essential variables are
required?
Reply (1): No, only P-No.5 Gr-No.1 to P-No.4 Gr-No.1 is qualified.

Question (2): Will a WPS be supported utilizing the above PQR for P-No.5
Gr-No.1 to P-No.5 Gr-No.1 or P-No.4, P-No.3, or P-No.l, if supplementary
essential variables are not required?

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

35/37

Reply (2): The following combinations are qualified: P-No.5 to P-No.4,


P-No.4 to P-No. 4, P-No.4 to P-No. 3, and P-No. 4 to P-No.1.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-322(a)

Record Number:

BC89-100

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/24/1989
IX-89-27

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: When performance qualifications are extended for a particular
welding process to six months by welding with another process, is the
welder or welding operator required to be qualified in the other process that
he is welding with?
Reply: Yes.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-401.15 and QW-402.4

Record Number:

BC89-174

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/24/1989
IX-89-28

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): A welder has been qualified with the SMAW process using
F-No. 3 electrodes for the root pass, and F-No. 4 electrodes for the fill and
wash process. Is the F-No. 3 weld deposit for this qualification considered
backing for the F-No. 4 electrode weld deposit?
Reply (1): Yes.

Question (2): Is the welder qualified to make the complete weld with the
F-No. 4 electrode?
Reply (2): Yes, provided backing is used.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-216

Record Number:

BC89-176

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/24/1989
IX-89-29

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question (1): To qualify a WPS in accordance with QW-216, is it a
requirement of Section IX that the electrodes to be used conform to F-No.
71 or F-No. 72 of QW-432.7?
Reply (1): No.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

36/37

Question (2): Is it.acceptable to qualify a WPS in accordance with QW-216


using electrodes with weld metal analysis conforming to A-No. 6, A-No. 8,
or A-No. 9 per QW-442 on P-No. 6 and P-No. 1 base materials?
Reply (2): Yes.
Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-301.4

Record Number:

BC89-177

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/24/1989
IX-89-30

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: In addition to the ranges in QW-452 as required by QW-301.4, is
it a requirement to list the values or ranges for all other variables for which
the welder is qualified (e.g. Materials Specification, P-Nos., F-Nos., etc.)?
Reply: No, additional information or limitations may be listed at the option
of the Manufacturer.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-218, Applied Linings

Record Number:

BC89-178

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/24/1989
IX-89-31

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: A carbon steel vessel requires the installation of an applied liner
due to service conditions. If the weld is completed in such a way that it is
essentially two fillet welds and a cover pass, would a weld procedure
qualified for groove welding be acceptable?
Reply: No. See QW-218.

Standard Designation:
Edition/Addenda:

Para./Fig./Table No:

BPV Section IX

Subject Description:

Section IX, QW-216.1

Record Number:

BC89-287

Date Issued:

Interpretation Number :

10/24/1989
IX-89-32

Question(s) and Reply(ies): Question: Do the requirements of QW-216.1 define the minimum base
metal thickness qualified with one PQR or does it impose two PQRs for a
procedure if it is the users intent to use it on both components over one inch
thick and components less than one inch thick using identical parameters?
Reply: Two PQRs would be required.

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4

37/37

Copyright 2016 by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. No reproduction may be made of this material without
written consent of ASME

https://cstools.asme.org/Interpretation/InterpretationDetail.cfm

2016/5/4