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CXC/CSEC Mathematics

WORKSHEET #3:
Vectors, Matrices and Statistics

Question 1: (Paper 2-Question # 13- May/June


2006)

(ii)

The diagram below shows the position vectors of


two points, A and C, relative to an origin, 0.

[1 mark]

(iii)

[2 marks]
(c) Given that G is the midpoint of OB, use a
vector method to
(i) determine the coordinates of G
[3 marks]
(ii) prove, using a vector method, that A ,
G, and C lie on a straight line. [5 marks]
Question 2: (Paper 2-Question # 13- May/June
2007)

(a) The points A and B have position vectors


2

= ( 4 )
= ( ) and
5
2
(a) Copy and complete the diagram to show
(i) the point B such that OABC is a
parallelogram
[1 mark]
+

(ii) the vector u where u =


[2 marks]

(b) Write as a column vector, in the form, the


vector
(i)

[1 mark]

1|P a g e C X C / C S E C M a t h e m a t i c s

where O is the origin (0, 0). The point G lies


1
on the line AB is such that AG = 3 AB
and

(i)

[4 marks]

(ii)

[2 marks]

b) In the diagram below, not drawn to scale,


B is the mid-point of OX, C is the mid-point
of AB, and D is such that OD = 2DA.
= 3a
The vectors a and b are such that
= b
and

O n e - O n - O n e

E d u c a t i o n a l

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(ii) Hence, calculate the value of x


and the value of y for which
3x y = 5
2x + 5y = 9. [4 marks]
Question 4: (Paper 2-Question # 13- May/June
2007)

Write in terms of a and b:


(i)

(a)

(b)
(c)

(d)

[6 marks]
(ii) State TWO geometrical relationships
between DX and DC. [2 marks]
(iii) State ONE geometrical relationship
between the points D, C and X. [1 mark]
Question 3: (Paper 2-Question # 14- May/June
2007)

(a) The value of the determinant of M


4
=(
) is 13.
3
Calculate the values of x. [4 marks]
(b) The transformation R is represented by
1 0
the matrix (
). The transformation S
0 1
0 1
is represented by the matrix (
).
1 0
(i) Write a single matrix in the form

(
) to represent the combined

transformation S followed by R.
[2 marks]
(ii) Calculate the image of the point
(5,2) under the combined
transformation in (b) (i) above.
[3 marks]
3 1
(c) The matrix N = (
).
2 5
(i) Determine the inverse of the
matrix N.
[2 marks]
2|P a g e C X C / C S E C M a t h e m a t i c s

=
OK and OM are position vectors such that
k and
= m.
(a) Sketch the diagram above. Show the
approximate positions of points R and S such that
R is the mid-point of OK
= 1

S is a point on OM such that


3
[2 marks]
(b) Write down, in terms of k and m the vectors
(i)

(ii)

(iii)
(iv)

[8 marks]
(c) List the mid-point of RM. Using a vector
method, prove that RS is parallel to KL.
[5 marks]
Question 5: (Paper 2-Question # 14- May/June
2007)

(a) A, B and C are three 2 x 2 matrices such that


14 0

5 3
A =(
), B =(
), and C = (
)
9 5

3 2
Find
(i) 3A
O n e - O n - O n e

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(ii) 1
(iii) 3A + 1
(iv) the value of a, b, c and d given that
3A + 1 = C
[7 marks]
(b) The diagram below shows a parallelogram
EFGH and its images after undergoing two
successive transformations.

(ii) For this value of x, find 1


[2 marks]
1
(iii) Show that =
[2 marks]
(b) The graph below shows the line segment AC
and its image A ' C' after a transformation by the

matrix (
)

(i) Describe in words, the geometric


transformations
a) J which maps EFGH onto EF'G'H'
b) K which maps E'F'G'H' onto
E'F''G"H".
(ii) Write the matrix which represents the
transformation described above as
a) J
b) K
(iii) The point P (6, 2) is mapped onto P' by the
transformation J. State the co-ordinates of P'.
(iv) The point Q (5, -4) is mapped onto Q' by the
transformation K. State the co-ordinates of Q'.
[8 marks]

(i) Write in the form of a single 2 x 2 matrix, the


coordinates of
a) A and C
[2 marks]
b) A' and C'.
[2 marks]
(ii) Using matrices only, write an equation to
represent the transformation of AC onto A'C'. [2
marks]
(iii) Determine the values of p, q, r and s. [2
marks]

Question 6: (Paper 2-Question # 14- May/June


2006)

(a) The value of the determinant of


2 3
M=(
) is 9.
1
(i) Calculate the value of x.

[3 marks]

3|P a g e C X C / C S E C M a t h e m a t i c s

Question 7: (Paper 2-Question # 11 May/June 2012)

(a) The points A, B and C have position vectors


6

= ( 3 ) and
= ( 12 )
=( ),
2
4
2
respectively.

(i) Express in the form ( ) the vector


a)

[2 marks]

b)
[2 marks]
(ii) State ONE geometrical relationship
between BA and BC. [1 mark]

O n e - O n - O n e

E d u c a t i o n a l

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(iii) Draw a sketch to show the relative


positions of A, B and C. [2 marks]
(b) (i) Calculate the values of a and b such that
2 4
2 0

) (
)=(
)
1 3
0 2

[3 marks]
(ii) Hence, or otherwise, write down the
2 4
inverse of (
)
[2 mark]
1 3
2 4
(iii) Use the inverse of (
) to solve
1 3
for x and y in the matrix equation

2 4
12
(
) ()=(
). [3 marks]
1 3
7
(

Question 8: (Paper 2-Question # 11 May/June 2011

3 2
).
5 4
[2 marks]

(a) Determine the inverse of the matrix (


) , maps the

points R and T onto R and T such that
R (7, 2) R (2, 7)
and T (5, 4) R (4, 5)
(i) Determine the values of a and b. [2
marks]
(ii) Describe fully the transformation, M.
[3 marks]
(c) WXY V is a parallelogram in which
= a,
= b. S is a point on WY such that WS : SY
and
= 1 : 2.
(b) The transformation, M = (

(b)

(c)
[5 marks]
(ii) R is the mid-point of VW. Prove that R, S and
X are collinear. [3 marks]
Question 9: (Paper 2-Question # 11 May/June 2010

(a) A and B are two 2 2 matrices such that


1 2
5 2
A=(
) and B = (
)
2 5
2 1
(i) Find AB. [2 marks]
(ii) Determine 1, the inverse of B.
[1 mark]
(iii) Given that

2
5 2
(
) ( ) = ( ).
3
2 1

Write ( ) as a product of TWO


matrices. [2 marks]
(iv) Hence, calculate the values of x
and y. [2 marks]
(b) The diagram below, not drawn to scale,
shows triangle JKL.

M and N are points on JK and JN


respectively, such that
1

JM = 3 JK and JN = 3 JL.
(i) Copy the diagram in your answer
booklet and show the points M and
N. [2 marks]

(i) Write in terms of a and b, an expression for


(a)

4|P a g e C X C / C S E C M a t h e m a t i c s

= u and
Given that
= v write, in terms
of u and v, an expression for

O n e - O n - O n e

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(a)

(b)

(c)
[4 marks]
(iii) Using your findings in (b) (ii), deduce
TWO geometrical relationships between KL
and MN. [2 marks]
Question 10: (Paper 2-Question # 11 May/June 2013

(a) In the diagram below, not drawn to scale, P


and Q are the midpoints of OA and AB
respectively.

= 2b
= 2a and

(i) Express in terms of a and b the vectors


a)

[2 marks]

b)
[2 marks]
(ii) State TWO geometrical relationships
that exist between OB and PQ.
Give reasons for your answers.
[2 marks]
2 1
b) Given that M = (
).
4 3
(i) Determine 1, the inverse of M. [2
marks]
(ii) Show that 1 =
[2 marks]
(iii) Use a matrix method to solve for r, s, t and u
in the equation
2 1
2 1
(
) (
)=(
)

4 3
4 1
[5 marks]

5|P a g e C X C / C S E C M a t h e m a t i c s

O n e - O n - O n e

E d u c a t i o n a l

S e r v i c e s