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Tanya Sangani

Human Rights Research Paper

I.
Introduction
13 year-old, Ayesha, grew up living on a farm with her parents and nine siblings. Since Ayesha
had no education, she spent most of her time cleaning, working, and eventually fell in love with a man
twice her age. Each day, they would talk about their future and goals they wanted to accomplish. They
had a strong connection and supported one another, which is one of the main reasons Ayesha loved him
the most. After months of talking to one another, he asked her to marry him, and promised that he would
help Ayesha achieve her dreams of becoming a singer. She married him, and left her entire family
without informing them of her decision. He told Ayesha she must stay safe with his aunt until her parents
stopped looking for them, and then after a few days, he will return for her. Ayesha was reluctant to see
him go, but she trusted his decision. She woke up in the middle of the night and was surrounded by
prostitutes in short skirts and dark red lipstick. She had realized that she had been sold by the man she
thought had loved her. She was forced to beg in daylight, and have sex with random men by midnight.
These men abused her, leaving her with countless scars that will always remain on her body. For an
entire month, she had to deal with these dreadful and unforgettable experiences. This situation
demonstrates one of the sneaky tactics used to traffick children in India. The rights that are being
violated in India are childrens rights to be free, as they are being kidnapped and held against their will,
and are forced to beg in order to create profit for their kidnapper.1

Thousands of Indian children along with Ayesha, are being taken away from their homes and
1
"Survivor Stories." Ayesha. Accessed May 06, 2016. http://www.equalitynow.org/survivorstories/ayesha.

forced to collect money for their owners. Trafficking is a type of slavery, in which children are held
captive and must beg, complete laborious tasks, or perform sexual acts to entertain their clients. If they
refuse to do any of these jobs, they will be locked in cages up to 4-5 months. They will only be released
until they agree to do what their owners ask of, so out of complete desperation and hopes to live they
must give in. This whole process of forcing kids to labor, by cutting off essential food sources and
constantly being beaten, not only blackmails kids into working, but also insures that the children
maintain a helpless and unhealthy look, driving tourists to give them more money. The poor children are
suffering while the gang members are enjoying their money, and worst of all, barely anyone is trying to
solve the problem.
Indias government is currently combating a poor economy, and therefore does not have the
enough resources or attention to fully address this issue. In addition, many impoverished people in India
are desperate to make money, so they will purchase or kidnap children to work for them despite this
being a violation of human rights. People in India are in such poor conditions that they would prefer to
have these children make money for them, instead of obtaining a job and earning their own living. One
example of this abuse was the case of Lata, a ninth grader, living in a poverty-stricken village in India.
Lata was captured and drugged by a friend of a former boyfriend, who sold her into sex slavery along
with 9 other girls. They were held captive and controlled by a madam, who set each girl up with ten to
twelve customers everyday. If the girls did not perform well, they were beaten, locked in cages, and
deprived of food. A rare empathizing customer discovered the horrible circumstance that these young
girls were enduring and immediately filed a police report against the traffickers. However, the police had
already been bribed by the traffickers and instead jailed the customer. This situation displays how one
will sacrifice a life of an innocent being, to receive money for their own selfish reasons. Even the police
whose job is to protect and rescue the lives of citizens were more interested in making money than doing

their job to protect citizens. Although, India is not successfully protecting human rights, some
organizations are putting their full effort to do so.2
To help increase awareness of trafficking and how harmful its everlasting effects are 2006
UNODC published the report Trafficking in Persons: Global Patterns. They spread the word to many
countries around the world, in order to increase awareness, in hopes of building laws against human
trafficking. Along with that, an organization who is hoping to enforce laws behind Trafficking is the UN
Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (2000)
under UN Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime.3 This organization enforces the laws
behind human trafficking and provides guidance to recover from their traumatic experiences. They try to
raise more awareness of trafficking, work to establish special anti-trafficking courts, and encourage
India to file and prosecute cases properly.
The effects of trafficking are endless, as children undergo unforgettable traumatic experiences
such as being physically and mentally abused, being locked in cages for several months, leaving them
helpless. Experiences such as these will never leave ones mind, as they have already been permanently
scarred, and will take many years of rehab to move on. Daily, they face a struggle to stay positive, as
they have been treated not as a person, but as an object of trade.4 Unfortunately, trafficked survivors will
usually suffer from complex trauma, which involves multifaceted conditions of depression, anxiety, self2 Thompson, Hazel. "Lata's Story: Drugged, Kidnapped and Forced to Work in a Mumbai Brothel - Video." The Guardian.
Accessed May 06, 2016. http://www.theguardian.com/cities/video/2014/nov/25/lata-drugged-kidnapped-mumbai-brothel-sexslave.

3 "Combating Human Trafficking." Gale Student Resources in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2013. Student Resources in Context.
Web. 7 Mar. 2016

4 "India Has A Sex Trafficking Problem, And It's Worse Than You Think." All That Is Interesting. 2015. Accessed April 22,
2016. http://all-that-is-interesting.com/human-trafficking-india. "Background." Human Trafficking Search. Accessed April
22, 2016. http://www.humantraffickingsearch.net/impact/.

hatred, dissociation, substance abuse, and self-destructive behaviors.5 Complex trauma is more
expansive in diagnosis because of the effects of prolonged trauma. struggle with trust issues, as it will
take themselves a sustained time to recover, in order to eventually have faith in others again.

II. Historical Background


The United States has a population of 318 million people, and an area of 3.806 million mi,
whereas India has a population of 1.5 billion people with an area of 1.269 million mi. India has a five
times bigger population than the U.S, while the U.S has three times more area than India.6 Since there is
a growing population and a small amount of area, this leads to less availability for food, jobs, homes,
and clothes. Since there is so much competition to make money, people resort to trafficking others as it
doesnt require much effort and if they were ever to get caught, they could easily bribe police officers.
With an enormous population, it is very easy to traffick kids because the government doesnt focus on
such minor issues, as they are have many more problems to focus on such as politics, in order to get a
better economy. Since, many kids are in homes that arent secure and safe, kids can be easily kidnapped,
and also since roads are so crowded you can easily lose track of someone. In 2001, a study reported that
a total of 300,000 kids ages 14-18 have been trafficked in India. Ten years later, a study showed that the
population of youth trafficked increases by 500,000 kids each year. These kids are no longer between the
ages 14-18, but now 10-14. If the trend keeps continuing by 2020 700,000 kids will be trafficked each
year between the ages 5-14. If India doesnt do anything to address this issue, it will worsen year after

5 "Human Trafficking." Wikipedia. Accessed May 05, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_trafficking.

6 "Human Trafficking in India." Wikipedia. Accessed May 05, 2016.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_trafficking_in_India.

year, because of the growing population and desperation to make money.7 Trafficking in India started
under the control of the British after an enormous outbreak of syphilis took place. In 19th-century
colonial administrators passed the Cantonment Act and Contagious Diseases Act, which legalized
commercial sex for British Soldiers. Women were suppose to take part in the commercials, but when the
women refused to do so, they were kidnapped, forced to participate in them, and then later were forced
to do it as a business and satisfy ten to twelve clients a day.8 In the past, India used Sections 366(A) and
372 of the Indian Penal Code, prohibiting kidnapping and selling minors into prostitution respectively,
and allowing the police to arrest traffickers immediately.9 However, even though they created these
sections they have not put an end to trafficking, because they dont have enough people and effort to
enforce these laws. They also tried to create rehabilitation centers for those who have been trafficked,
but do not fully go forth with idea, as they have a scarce amount of money left, and are not willing to
invest their money into helping the civilians of India overcome such a dreadful issue.

III. Modern Day Responses


Unicef is an organization that fights to preserve childrens rights. They prevent or try to stop
traffickers and kidnappers from taking away the right to be free. Governor Christopher Isiguzo, gives a
huge thanks to the head leader of Unicef. Unicef helped the kids with health, education, water and
sanitation and protection from being trafficked. This worked out pretty well because it protected the
rights of the children and was a direct contact anybody could call when the suspect someone being
7 "Human Trafficking." STOP Trafficking and Oppression of Women & Children. Accessed April 22, 2016.
http://www.stop-india.org/human-trafficking.html.

8 "India Has A Sex Trafficking Problem, And It's Worse Than You Think." All That Is Interesting. 2015. Accessed April 22,
2016.

9 "Human Trafficking in India."

trafficked. Unicef rescued many of girls and saved a bunch of lives, so therefore I think it was pretty
useful. Unicef is an organization that fights to preserve childrens rights. They run anti-trafficking
campaigns and present cases that have violated childrens rights to judges, such as trafficking. UNICEF
has rescued many children, by providing health insurance, education, water, sanitation, and most
importantly protection from strangers.10 Taiwan is ranked first place in the the U.S. State Departments
Trafficking for the third consecutive year. Taiwans efforts to end trafficking have been very successful,
as Taiwan authorities continue to prosecute and punish trafficking offenses, including both forced labor
and forced prostitution. In addition, the authorities continued improving victim protection efforts, trained
law enforcement and other government officials, and raised public awareness on trafficking offenses,
the report stated.11 Efforts such as these, will eventually diminish the amount of trafficked cases. Taiwan
is high admirable, because they created laws and actually imposed on them. The reason India is not as
successful as Taiwan is because they create multiple successful laws, but fail to act and enforce them,
making such exceptional laws useless. However, if India were to invest time and focus to end this
gruesome issue, they would have an enormous chance of protecting rights and would keep civilians
satisfied.

IV. Recommendations
India could improve the status the right to be free by raising awareness about human trafficking,
funding charities that dedicate their time to rescue victims, and creating therapy clinics for those who
10 "Unicef, Enugu Govt. Partner to Fight Child Trafficking." Africa News Service 2015. Student Resources in Context. Web.
31 Mar. 2016.

11 "Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization." UNPO: Taiwan: Top Country Against Human Trafficking. Accessed
May 06, 2016. http://unpo.org/article/14460.

have already experienced trafficking. In order to raise awareness about human trafficking, survivors
should present their horrifying experiences to schools, to show people that human trafficking exists. In
their presentation, not only should they have a survivor sharing information, but also have members
from organizations such as UNICEF, to answer common questions such as: How to suspect behavior of
a trafficked victim? What are the sneaky tactics used by traffickers to lure kids into slavery? It is very
important to raise awareness about human trafficking because many people are not aware that this
problem exists. However, before we can create fundraisers and more organizations, we must explain the
details of this issue to the public thoroughly, so that people will be cognizant towards the issue, and guilt
people into donating and enforcing laws against this. For this to be successful, services such as UNICEF
should be willing to explain trafficking, and also rehabilitation victims should be required to share their
experiences, how it has affected them, and what they have learned throughout their dreadful journey.
Each individual will be supervised and also share their circumstances, to poor villages whom are
susceptible to being trafficked, and to wealthy areas who are completely oblivious of this issue.

After the public is more educated about trafficking, they will be destined to organize fundraisers,
in order to donate money towards an anti-trafficking charity. This would need the collaboration between
schools and trustworthy organizations, as the schools will collect money from the parents and donate
them with the assurance that the money is directly to the right cause. In order to make it successful, both
parties should be committed to fighting to end trafficking, and put their full forth effort into it. This is
realistic since countries such as Taiwan have also raised money to donate to charities, and have been
successful doing so.
For victims of trafficking, there should be local rehabilitation centers placed throughout India,
which will be funded through donations from schools, organizations, and offices. These centers will
focus on guiding victims to overcome the traumatic experiences, and cope up with anxiety, depression,

lack of trust, and other effects of being trafficked. Organizations such as UNICEF, should hire
knowledgeable therapists to work, and these therapists should have daily one-on-one meetings with
victims. Even though, creating centers will not prevent human trafficking from occurring, however it
will protect and save the mental state of victims.

Works Cited Page


"Survivor Stories." Ayesha. Accessed May 06, 2016.
http://www.equalitynow.org/survivorstories/ayesha.
Thompson, Hazel. "Lata's Story: Drugged, Kidnapped and Forced to Work in a Mumbai Brothel Video." The Guardian. Accessed May 06, 2016.
http://www.theguardian.com/cities/video/2014/nov/25/lata-drugged-kidnapped-mumbai-brothel-sexslave.

"Combating Human Trafficking." Gale Student Resources in Context. Detroit: Gale, 2013. Student
Resources in Context. Web. 7 Mar. 2016
"India Has A Sex Trafficking Problem, And It's Worse Than You Think." All That Is Interesting. 2015.
Accessed April 22, 2016. http://all-that-is-interesting.com/human-trafficking-india. "Background."
Human Trafficking Search. Accessed April 22, 2016. http://www.humantraffickingsearch.net/impact/.
Human Trafficking." Wikipedia. Accessed May 05, 2016.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_trafficking.
"Human Trafficking in India." Wikipedia. Accessed May 05, 2016.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_trafficking_in_India.
"Human Trafficking." STOP Trafficking and Oppression of Women & Children. Accessed April 22,
2016. http://www.stop-india.org/human-trafficking.html.
"India Has A Sex Trafficking Problem, And It's Worse Than You Think." All That Is Interesting. 2015.
Accessed April 22, 2016.
"Unicef, Enugu Govt. Partner to Fight Child Trafficking." Africa News Service 2015. Student Resources
in Context. Web. 31 Mar. 2016.
"Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization." UNPO: Taiwan: Top Country Against Human
Trafficking. Accessed May 06, 2016. http://unpo.org/article/14460.