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PROBLEM 7.2

For the given state of stress, determine the normal and shearing stresses

exerted on the oblique face of the shaded triangular element shown. Use a

method of analysis based on the equilibrium of that element, as was done in the

derivations of Sec. 7.2.

SOLUTION

Stresses

Areas

Forces

F = 0:

= 80 cos 2 55 40sin 2 55

= 0.521 MPa

F = 0:

= 120 cos 55 sin 55

= 56.4 MPa

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed,

reproduced, or distributed in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the publisher, or used beyond the limited

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PROBLEM 7.5

For the given state of stress, determine (a) the principal planes, (b) the principal

stresses.

SOLUTION

(a)

tan 2 p =

2 xy

x y

(2) (35)

= 3.50

60 + 40

2 p = 74.05

(b)

max, min =

x +y

2

p = 37.0, 53.0

2

x y

2

+ xy

2

60 40

60 + 40

2

+ (35)

2

2

= 50 36.4 MPa

=

min = 86.4 MPa

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed,

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PROBLEM 7.12

For the given state of stress, determine (a) the orientation of the planes of maximum

in-plane shearing stress, (b) the maximum in-plane shearing stress, (c) the

corresponding normal stress.

SOLUTION

(a)

tan 2 s =

x y

8 12

=

= + 2.0

2 xy

2(5)

2 s = 63.435

s = 31.7, 121.7

2

(b)

x y

2

+ xy

2

max =

8 12

2

+ (5)

2

(c)

= ave =

=

x + y

2

8 + 12

2

= 2.00 ksi

PROPRIETARY MATERIAL. 2012 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. No part of this Manual may be displayed,

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PROBLEM 7.16

For the given state of stress, determine the normal and shearing stresses after the element

shown has been rotated through (a) 25 clockwise, (b) 10 counterclockwise.

SOLUTION

x = 0 y = 80 MPa xy = 50 MPa

x +y

2

= 40 MPa

x =

x +y

2

xy =

y =

(a)

x y

2

x +y

2

x y

2

x y

2

cos 2 + xy sin 2

sin 2 + xy cos 2

x y

2

cos 2 xy sin 2

= 25 2 = 50

x = 40 + 40 cos ( 50) 50 sin (50)

xy = 40 sin ( 50) 50 cos ( 50)

y = 40 40 cos (50) + 50 sin (50)

(b)

= 40 MPa

x = 24.0 MPa

xy = 1.5 MPa

y = 104.0 MPa

= 10 2 = 20

x = 40 + 40 cos (20) 50 sin (20)

xy = 40 sin (20) 50 cos (20)

y = 40 40 cos (20) + 50 sin (20)

x = 19.5 MPa

xy = 60.7 MPa

y = 60.5 MPa

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PROBLEM 7.20

Two members of uniform cross section 50 80 mm are glued together along

plane a-a that forms an angle of 25 with the horizontal. Knowing that the allowable

stresses for the glued joint are = 800 kPa and = 600 kPa, determine the largest

centric load P that can be applied.

SOLUTION

For plane a-a, = 65.

x = 0, xy = 0, y =

P

A

P 2

sin 65 + 0

A

A

(50 103 )(80 103 )(800 103 )

=

= 3.90 103 N

sin 2 65

sin 2 65

P

= ( x y ) sin cos + xy (cos2 sin 2 ) = sin 65 cos 65 + 0

A

A

(50 103 )(80 103 )(600 103 )

P=

=

= 6.27 103 N

sin 65 cos 65

sin 65 cos 65

P=

P = 3.90 kN

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PROBLEM 7.26

The axle of an automobile is acted upon by the forces and couple

shown. Knowing that the diameter of the solid axle is 32 mm,

determine (a) the principal planes and principal stresses at point H

located on top of the axle, (b) the maximum shearing stress at the

same point.

SOLUTION

c=

Torsion:

Bending:

I =

1

1

d = (32) = 16 mm = 16 103 m

2

2

Tc

2T

2(350 N m)

=

=

= 54.399 106 Pa = 54.399 MPa

3

3

3

J

c

(16 10 m)

c4 =

My

(450)(16 103 )

=

= 139.882 106 Pa = 139.882 MPa

I

51.472 109

Top view:

Stresses:

x = 139.882 MPa

ave =

y = 0

xy = 54.399 MPa

1

1

( x + y ) = (139.882 + 0) = 69.941 MPa

2

2

2

R=

(a)

x y

2

+ xy =

2

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tan 2 p =

2 xy

x y

(2)(54.399)

= 0.77778

139.882

2 p = 37.88

(b)

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PROBLEM 7.32

Solve Probs 7.7 and 7.11, using Mohrs circle.

PROBLEM 7.5 through 7.8 For the given state of stress, determine (a) the

principal planes, (b) the principal stresses.

PROBLEM 7.9 through 7.12 For the given state of stress, determine (a) the

orientation of the planes of maximum in-plane shearing stress, (b) the maximum inplane shearing stress, (c) the corresponding normal stress.

SOLUTION

x = 4 ksi,

y = 12 ksi,

xy = 15 ksi

ave =

x +y

2

= 4 ksi

X : ( x , xy ) = (4 ksi, 15 ksi)

Y : ( y , xy ) = (12 ksi, 15 ksi)

C : ( ave , 0) = ( 4 ksi, 0)

(a)

tan =

FX 15

=

= 1.875

CF

8

= 61.93

1

2

= 180 = 118.07

1

b = = 59.04

2

a = = 30.96

a = 31.0

b = 59.0

(b)

(a)

a = max = ave + R = 4 + 17

d = a + 45 = 14.04

d = 14.0

e = b + 45 = 104.04

e = 104.0

max = R

(b)

= ave

= 4.00 ksi

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PROBLEM 7.41

Solve Prob. 7.19, using Mohrs circle.

PROBLEM 7.19 A steel pipe of 12-in. outer diameter is fabricated from

1

-in.-thick plate by welding along a helix which forms an angle of 22.5 with

4

a plane perpendicular to the axis of the pipe. Knowing that a 40-kip axial force

P and an 80-kip in. torque T, each directed as shown, are applied to the pipe,

determine and in directions, respectively, normal and tangential to the

weld.

SOLUTION

1

d 2 = 6 in., t = 0.25 in.

2

c1 = c2 t = 5.75 in.

d 2 = 12 in. c2 =

J = (c

2

c ) = (6

2

4

2

4

1

5.754 ) = 318.67 in 4

Stresses:

P

40

=

= 4.3344 ksi

A

9.2284

Tc

(80)(6)

= 2 =

= 1.5063 ksi

J

318.67

x = 0, y = 4.3344 ksi, xy = 1.5063 ksi

X : (0, 1.5063 ksi)

Y : ( 4.3344 ksi, 1.5063 ksi)

C : (2.1672 ksi, 0)

1.5063

= 0.69504 = 34.8

2.1672

= (2)(22.5) = 10.8

tan =

w = 2.6393sin10.2

w = 4.76 ksi

w = 0.467 ksi

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PROBLEM 7.44

Solve Prob. 7.22, using Mohrs circle.

PROBLEM 7.22 Two steel plates of uniform cross section 10 80 mm

are welded together as shown. Knowing that centric 100-kN forces are

applied to the welded plates and that the in-plane shearing stress parallel

to the weld is 30 MPa, determine (a) the angle , (b) the corresponding

normal stress perpendicular to the weld.

SOLUTION

x =

P

100 103

=

= 125 106 Pa = 125 MPa

A (10 103 )(80 103 )

y = 0

xy = 0

30

= 0.48

62.5

(a)

sin 2 =

(b)

= 62.5 + 62.5cos 2

= 14.3

= 117.3 MPa

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PROBLEM 7.45

Solve Prob. 7.23, using Mohrs circle.

PROBLEM 7.23 A 400-lb vertical force is applied at D to a gear

attached to the solid 1-in.-diameter shaft AB. Determine the principal

stresses and the maximum shearing stress at point H located as shown

on top of the shaft.

SOLUTION

Equivalent force-couple system at center of shaft in section at point H:

V = 400 lb

M = (400)(6) = 2400 lb in

T = (400)(2) = 800 lb in

d = 1 in.

J =

c=

1

d = 0.5 in.

2

c 4 = 0.098175 in 4

1

J = 0.049087 in 4

2

Tc (800)(0.5)

=

= 4.074 103 psi = 4.074 ksi

0.098175

J

Torsion:

Bending:

Transverse shear:

Resultant stresses:

x = 24.446 ksi,

ave =

I =

Mc (2400)(0.5)

=

= 24.446 103 psi = 24.446 ksi

0.049087

I

y = 0,

xy = 4.074 ksi

1

( x + y ) = 12.223 ksi

2

2

R=

x y

2

+ xy

2

a = ave + R

a = 25.107 ksi

b = ave R

b = 0.661 ksi

max = R

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PROBLEM 7.47

Solve Prob. 7.25, using Mohrs circle.

PROBLEM 7.25 The steel pipe AB has a 102-mm outer diameter

and a 6-mm wall thickness. Knowing that arm CD is rigidly

attached to the pipe, determine the principal stresses and the

maximum shearing stress at point K.

SOLUTION

do 102

=

= 51 mm

2

2

ro =

J =

I =

(r

4

o

ri = ro t = 45 mm

1

J = 2.0927 106 m 4

2

Fx = 10 103 N

M y = (10 103 )(200 103 ) = 2000 N m

M z = (10 103 )(150 103 ) = 1500 N m

Torsion:

T = M y = 2000 N m

c = ro = 51 103 m

xy =

Tc

(2000)(51 103 )

=

= 24.37 MPa

J

4.1855 106

Note that the local x-axis is taken along a negative global z-direction.

Transverse shear:

Bending:

y =

Mz c

(1500)(51 103 )

=

= 36.56 MPa

I

2.0927 106

y = 36.56 MPa

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x = 0,

y = 36.56 MPa,

ave =

1

( x + y ) = 18.28 MPa

2

xy = 24.37 MPa

R=

x y

2

+ xy = 30.46 MPa

2

max = 12.18 MPa

min = 48.74 MPa

max = R

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PROBLEM 7.61

For the element shown, determine the range of values of xy for which the

maximum tensile stress is equal to or less than 60 MPa.

SOLUTION

1

2

ave = ( x + y ) = 70 MPa

Set

R = max ave = 130 MPa

But

2

x

2

+ xy

R= x

x x

xy = R 2

= 1302 502

= 120 MPa

Range of xy :

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PROBLEM 7.66

For the state of plane stress shown, determine the maximum shearing

stress when (a) x = 6 ksi and y = 18 ksi , (b) x = 14 ksi and

y = 2 ksi . (Hint: Consider both in-plane and out-of-plane shearing

stresses.)

SOLUTION

(a)

ave =

1

( x + y ) = 12 ksi

2

2

x y

2

+ xy

2

R=

= 62 + 82 = 10 ksi

a = ave + R = 12 + 10 = 22 ksi (max)

b = ave R = 12 10 = 2 ksi

c = 0

max(in-plane) = R = 10 ksi

1

( max min )

2

x = 14 ksi, y = 2 ksi, xy = 8 ksi

max =

(b)

(min)

a =

1

( x + y ) = 8 ksi

2

R=

x y

2

+ xy

2

62 + 82 = 10 ksi

max = 11 ksi

b = ave R = 2 ksi (min)

c = 0

max = 18 ksi

min = 2 ksi

max =

1

( max min )

2

max = 10 ksi

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PROBLEM 7.72

For the state of stress shown, determine the maximum shearing stress

when (a) z = 0, (b) z = +45 MPa, (c) z = 45 MPa.

SOLUTION

x = 100 MPa,

y = 20 MPa,

xy = 75 MPa

1

2

ave = ( x + y ) = 60 MPa

2

x y

2

R=

+ xy

2

a = ave + R = 145 MPa

b = ave R = 25 MPa

(a)

1

2

(b)

1

2

(c)

max = 85 MPa

max = 85 MPa

max = 145 MPa,

1

2

max = 95 MPa

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PROBLEM 7.83

The state of plane stress shown occurs in a machine component made of a steel with

Y = 45 ksi. Using the maximum-distortion-energy criterion, determine whether

yield will occur when (a) xy = 9 ksi, (b) xy = 18 ksi, (c) xy = 20 ksi. If yield

does not occur, determine the corresponding factor of safety.

SOLUTION

x = 36 ksi, y = 21 ksi, z = 0

For stresses in xy-plane, ave =

x y

2

1

( x + y ) = 28.5 ksi

2

= 7.5 ksi

(a)

xy = 9 ksi

x y

2

+ xy =

2

R=

a2 + b2 a b = 34.977 ksi < 45 ksi

F .S . =

(No yielding)

45

39.977

F .S . = 1.287

2

(b)

x y

2

+ xy =

2

xy = 18 ksi R =

a2 + b2 a b = 44.193 ksi < 45 ksi

F .S . =

(No yielding)

45

44.193

F .S . = 1.018

2

(c)

xy = 20 ksi

R=

x y

2

+ xy =

2

a2 + b2 a b = 46.732 ksi > 45 ksi

(Yielding occurs)

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PROBLEM 7.84

Solve Prob. 7.83, using the maximum-shearing-stress criterion.

PROBLEM 7.83 The state of plane stress shown occurs in a machine component

made of a steel with Y = 45 ksi. Using the maximum-distortion-energy criterion,

determine whether yield will occur when (a) xy = 9 ksi, (b) xy = 18 ksi, (c)

xy = 20 ksi. If yield does not occur, determine the corresponding factor of safety.

SOLUTION

x = 36 ksi, y = 21 ksi, z = 0

ave =

1

( x + y ) = 28.5 ksi

2

x y

2

= 7.5 ksi

(a)

xy = 9 ksi

x y

2

+ xy = 11.715 ksi

2

R=

max = 34.977 ksi, min = 0

F .S . =

45

40.215

(No yielding)

F .S . = 1.119

(b)

x y

2

+ xy = 19.5 ksi

2

xy = 18 ksi R =

max = 48 ksi min = 0

2 max = max min = 48 ksi > 45 ksi

(Yielding occurs)

(c)

xy = 20 ksi R =

x y

2

+ xy = 21.36 ksi

2

max = 49.86 ksi min = 0

(Yielding occurs)

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PROBLEM 7.85

The 36-mm-diameter shaft is made of a grade of steel with a 250-MPa tensile yield

stress. Using the maximum-shearing-stress criterion, determine the magnitude of the

torque T for which yield occurs when P = 200 kN.

SOLUTION

P = 200 kN = 200 103 N

c=

1

d = 18 mm = 18 103 m

2

P

200 103

=

= 196.488 106 Pa

A

1.01788 103

= 196.488 MPa

y =

x = 0

ave =

1

1

( x + y ) = y = 98.244 MPa

2

2

2

R=

x y

2

+ xy =

2

2

(98.244)2 + xy

a = ave + R (positive)

b = ave R (negative)

a b = 2R

a b > a

a b > b

a b = 2R = Y = 250 MPa

R = 125 MPa

125 =

2

(98.244)2 + xy

Torsion:

J =

c4 =

2

2

Tc

xy =

J

J xy

(164.846 109 )(77.286 106 )

=

T =

c

18 103

= 708 N m

T = 708 N m

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PROBLEM 7.86

Solve Prob. 7.85, using the maximum-distortion-energy criterion.

PROBLEM 7.85 The 36-mm-diameter shaft is made of a grade of steel with a

250-MPa tensile yield stress. Using the maximum-shearing-stress criterion,

determine the magnitude of the torque T for which yield occurs when P = 200 kN.

SOLUTION

1

d = 18 mm = 18 103 m

2

A = c 2 = (18 103 ) 2 = 1.01788 103 m 2

c=

P

200 103

=

= 196.488 106 Pa

3

A

1.01788 10

= 196.448 MPa

y =

1

2

x = 0

1

2

x y

R=

2

a = ave + R

2

2

2

+ xy = (98.244) + xy

b = ave R

a2 + b2 a b = Y2

( ave + R )2 + ( ave R )2 ( ave + R )( ave R ) = Y2

2

ave

+ 3R 2 = Y2

2

(98.244) 2 + (3)[(98.244)2 + xy

] = (250) 2

xy = 89.242 MPa

Torsion:

J=

xy

c4 =

2

Tc

=

J

J xy

c

18 103

= 818 N m

T=

T = 818 N m

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PROBLEM 7.98

A spherical gas container made of steel has a 5-m outer diameter and a wall thickness of 6 mm. Knowing that

the internal pressure is 350 kPa, determine the maximum normal stress and the maximum shearing stress in

the container.

SOLUTION

d = 5 m t = 6 mm = 0.006 m, r =

d

t = 2.494 m

2

pr

(350 103 Pa)(2.494 m)

=

= 72.742 106 Pa

2t

2(0.006 m)

= 72.7 MPa

max = 72.742 MPa

min 0 (Neglecting small radialstress)

max =

1

( max min )

2

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PROBLEM 7.104

A steel penstock has a 750-mm outer diameter, a 12-mm wall

thickness, and connects a reservoir at A with a generating station

at B. Knowing that the density of water is 1000 kg/m3 , determine

the maximum normal stress and the maximum shearing stress in

the penstock under static conditions.

SOLUTION

1

1

d t = (750) 12 = 363 mm = 363 103 m

2

2

t = 12 mm = 12 103 m

r=

= 2.943 106 Pa

1 =

=

= 89.0 106 Pa

t

12 103

max = 1

min = p 0

1

2

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PROBLEM 7.114

For the tank of Prob. 7.112, determine the range of values of that can be

used if the shearing stress parallel to the weld is not to exceed 12 MPa

when the gage pressure is 600 kPa.

PROBLEM 7.112 The pressure tank shown has a 8-mm wall thickness

and butt-welded seams forming an angle = 20 with a transverse plane.

For a gage pressure of 600 kPa, determine (a) the normal stress

perpendicular to the weld, (b) the shearing stress parallel to the weld.

SOLUTION

d = 1.6 m t = 8 103 mm r =

1

d t = 0.792 m

2

=

t

8 103

= 59.4 106 Pa = 59.4 MPa

pr

2 =

= 29.7 MPa

2t

2

R= 1

= 14.85 MPa

2

w = R |sin 2 |

1 =

|sin 2 a | =

N

R

12

= 0.80808

14.85

2 a = 53.91

a = +27.0

2 b = + 53.91

b = 27.0

c = 63.0

d = 117.0

Safe ranges for :

22.0 27.0

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PROBLEM 7.116

The pressurized tank shown was fabricated by welding strips of plate along a

helix forming an angle with a transverse plane. Determine the largest

value of that can be used if the normal stress perpendicular to the weld is

not to be larger than 85 percent of the maximum stress in the tank.

SOLUTION

1 =

pr

t

2 =

pr

2t

1

2

3 pr

4 t

1 2 1 pr

=

R=

2

4 t

w = ave R cos 2

ave = (1 + 2 ) =

0.85

pr 3 1

pr

= cos 2

t

4 4

t

4

2 = 113.6

= 56.8

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PROBLEM 7.124

A pressure vessel of 10-in. inner diameter and 0.25-in. wall thickness is

fabricated from a 4-ft section of spirally-welded pipe AB and is equipped

with two rigid end plates. The gage pressure inside the vessel is 300 psi

and 10-kip centric axial forces P and P are applied to the end plates.

Determine (a) the normal stress perpendicular to the weld, (b) the

shearing stress parallel to the weld.

SOLUTION

1

1

d = (10) = 5 in.

t = 0.25 in.

2

2

pr (300) (5)

=

= 6000 psi = 6 ksi

1 =

t

0.25

pr (300)(5)

=

= 3000 psi = 3 ksi

2 =

2t (2)(0.25)

r0 = r + t = 5 + 0.25 = 5.25 in.

r=

=

Total stresses.

Longitudinal:

P

10 103

=

= 1242 psi = 1.242 ksi

A

8.0803

Circumferential: y = 6 ksi

Shear:

xy = 0

X : (1.758, 0)

Y : (6, 0)

C : (3.879)

1

2

2

x y

2

R=

+ xy

2

(1.758 6)

=

+ 0 = 2.121 ksi

2

(a)

(b)

x = 3.15 ksi

| xy | = 1.993 ksi

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PROBLEM 7.128

For the given state of plane strain, use the method of Sec. 7.10 to

determine the state of plane strain associated with axes x and y

rotated through the given angle .

x = 500 , y = +250 , xy = 0, = 15

SOLUTION

= +15

x + y

2

x y

= 125

x =

x + y

2

+

x y

cos 2 +

x + y

x y

cos 2

xy

2

2

2

= 125 + (375 ) cos 30 + 0

y =

xy

= 375

xy

2

2

2

= 125 (375 ) cos 30 0

=0

sin 2

x = 450

sin 2

y = 200

xy = ( x y ) sin 2 + xy cos 2

= (500 250 ) sin 30 + 0

xy = 375

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PROBLEM 7.136

The following state of strain has been measured on the surface of a thin plate. Knowing that the surface of the

plate is unstressed, determine (a) the direction and magnitude of the principal strains, (b) the maximum inplane shearing strain, (c) the maximum shearing strain. (Use v = 13 . )

x = 260 , y = 60 , xy = +480

SOLUTION

For Mohrs circle of strain, plot points:

X : (260 , 240 )

Y : (60 , 240 )

C : (160 , 0)

tan 2 p =

xy

x y

480

= 2.4

260 + 60

2 p = 67.38

b = 33.67

a = 56.31

R = (100 )2 + (240 )2

R = 260

(a)

(b)

a = 100

b = 420

1

max (in-plane) = R max (in-plane) = 2 R

2

v

v

1/3

c =

( a + b ) =

( x + y ) =

(260 60)

1 v

1 v

2/3

= 160

(c)

max = 580

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PROBLEM 7.140

For the given state of plane strain, use Mohrs circle to determine (a) the orientation and magnitude of the

principal strains, (b) the maximum in-plane shearing strain, (c) the maximum shearing strain.

x = +60 , y = +240 , xy = 50

SOLUTION

Plotted points:

X : (60 , 25 )

Y : (240 , 25 )

C : (150 , 0)

tan 2 p =

xy

x y

50

= 0.277778

60 240

2 p = 15.52

a = 97.76

b = 7.76

(a)

a = 243.4

b = 56.6

(b)

max (in-plane) = 2R

(c)

max = max min

max = 243.4

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PROBLEM 7.147

The strains determined by the use of the rosette attached as shown during the test of a

machine element are

2 = +385 106 in./in.

3 = +210 106 in./in.

Determine (a) the orientation and magnitude of the principal strains in the plane of the

rosette, (b) the maximum in-plane shearing strain.

SOLUTION

Use x =

xy

1

1

( x + y ) + ( x y ) cos 2 +

sin 2

2

2

2

where

and

= 75

for gage 1,

=0

for gage 2,

= +75

for gage 3.

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

1

2

1 = ( x + y ) + ( x y ) cos (150) +

2 = ( x + y ) + ( x y ) cos 0 +

xy

2

xy

2

sin (150)

sin 0

3 = ( x + y ) + ( x y ) cos (150) +

xy

2

sin (150)

(1)

(2)

(3)

Adding Eqs. (1) and (3),

1 + 3 = ( x + y ) + ( x y ) cos 150

= x (1 + cos 150) + y (1 cos 150)

+ (1 + cos 150)

y = 1 3 x

(1 cos 150)

1 cos 150

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3 1 = xy sin 150

xy =

3 1

sin 150

sin 150

tan 2 p =

xy

x y

606.2 106

= 1.732

385 106 35.0 106

1

1

2

2

6

= 210 10 in/in

x y xy

R=

+

2 2

=

2

(b)

max (in-plane)

2

606.2 2

6

+

= 350.0 10

2

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PROBLEM 7.150

A single strain gage is cemented to a solid 4-in.-diameter steel shaft at an

angle = 25 with a line parallel to the axis of the shaft. Knowing that

G = 11.5 106 psi, determine the torque T indicated by a gage reading of

300 106 in./in.

SOLUTION

For torsion,

x = y = 0, = 0

1

( x v y ) = 0

E

1

y = ( y v x ) = 0

E

0 1

xy =

xy = 0

G 2

2G

x =

R=

0

2G

x = R sin 2 =

But

0 =

T=

=

0

2G

sin 2

2G x

Tc 2T

= 3 =

J c

sin 2

c3G x

sin 2

(2)3 (11.5 106 )(300 106 )

sin 50

= 113.2 103 lb in

T = 113.2 kip in

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PROBLEM 7.157

Solve Prob. 7.156, assuming that the rosette at point A indicates the

following strains:

1 = 30 106 in./in.

2 = +250 106 in./in.

3 = +100 106 in./in.

PROBLEM 7.156 A centric axial force P and a horizontal force Qx are both

applied at point C of the rectangular bar shown. A 45 strain rosette on the

surface of the bar at point A indicates the following strains:

1 = 60 106 in./in.

2 = +240 106 in./in.

3 = +200 106 in./in.

Knowing that E = 29 106 psi and v = 0.30, determine the magnitudes of

P and Qx.

SOLUTION

x = 1 = 30 106

y = 3 = +100 106

xy = 2 2 1 3 = 430 106

E

29

( x + v y ) =

[ 30 + (0.3)(100)]

2

1 v

1 (0.3) 2

=0

E

29

y =

( y + v x ) =

[100 + (0.3)(30)]

2

1 v

1 (0.3) 2

x =

P

=y

A

P = A y = (2)(6)(2.9 103 )

= 34.8 103 lb

P = 34.8 kips

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G=

E

29 106

=

= 11.1538 106 psi

2(1 + v) (2)(1.30)

1 3 1

bh = (2)(6)3 = 36 in 4

12

12

Q = A y = (2)(3)(1.5) = 9 in 3

t = 2 in.

VQ

xy =

It

It xy (36)(2)(4.7962 103 )

V=

=

= 38.37 103 lb

9

Q

I=

Q =V

Q = 38.4 kips

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