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Data Analysis Problem

Problem 1
Photometry and radial velocity data for the Cepheid type star HV2257 are given in Table 1-3, based on
observations by Gieren (MNRAS vol 265, 1993) . The pulsation period of the star is = 39.294 days. A
reference graph for the temperature color relation and the bolometric correction tables are given in
Figure 1 (Houdashelt et al., 2000) and Table 4 (http://xoomer.virgilio.it/hrtrace/Straizys.htm). Given that
the solar luminosity is = 3.96 1026 1 and its bolometric magnitude = 4.72. Please do
not use period-luminosity relation from the second question for this question.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Plot the light curve based on Table 1, between phases 0.6 and 1.
Plot the color in Table 2, between phases 0.6 and 1.
Plot the Radial Velocity curve from Table 3, between phases 0.6 and 1.
Calculate the average radial velocity of the star.
Calculate the distance to this pulsating star using the observed data and supplementary data
given in Table 4 and Figure 1. Assume that there is no extinction in this direction.

pYX~ny s[h` iAgYWsQ pYX~ny bln~n @mhQ awr~Q~n~pwr a#wQ aAk h` iAgWYsQ vcn awhrQn~n. 2257 pQlw
Q Or s[h` phw e~ sQt bl` n#vw
@m@wn~tm en~n. I @k`t@s~ iwQrQy Table 1-3 (MNRAS vol 265, 1993) in~ psE wr#vk lYEmQ@n`~sQtQ s[h` el~ sm`nyQ hwr pyQ a`r~
vr~gy sQg~m` tW @f`~ lQynE. dW qErkqW wr#@v| sY`vy ef~ sm`nyQ sQg~m` a`r~ vr~gy tW hwr @bqWm dW vr~gy lQynE. in~psE em| ek rQn em| @qk
s~m`nyQ s^n @qkyQ qXm ph ef~ ek yt ef~ @qk lQy` hQr#t s`@p~k~;v wr#@v|, @b`~@l`~mQwQk sY`vy ef~ sm`nyQ ef~hQr#wQw qh@y~ bl rQn
em|@b`l~ rQn em|hQr#wQw@b`l~ yt @qkqXm ph lQynE. (Houdashelt et al., 2000) pYs`rN wr#@v| nQyw w~vrNyk~ a#wQ, kl`v qXm
hww~ qXm nvy pmN awr` @k`tsk, (http://xoomer.virgilio.it/hrtrace/Straizys.htm) @p`dQ tWek sh @p`dQ tW@qk k`lyn~
@qkk~ gnQmE. @p`dQ tWek s[h` nQr@p~k~; @b`@l`~mQwQk sY`vy ef~ek sm`nyQ sQg~m ar~ek vrQgy @l`kO tWek hwrbly @bqWm dW vr~gy.
@p`dQ tW@qk s[h`q ef~ @qk sm`n ihw smWkrNy upsr~gy @qk @y`q` lQyn~n. = 3.96 1026 1 a`r~ @qk sm`nyQ a`r~ ek
{n @dl~t` a`r~, emgQn~ ef~@qk yt ef~ek t smWkrnyk~ gn~n. = 4.72@dl~t a`r~ gNny s[h` arWy pY@v|g pYs~w`r@y~ nQyw~
w~vrN @k`t@s~ wYQ@k`~n`k`r @k`t@s~ a#q vr~gply @s`yn~n. ey rQn hw qhy bl nvy mWtr a`sn~n agykQ.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

pYs~w`r@y~ vyQ ak~;y 1 vgO@vn~ vW m#g~nQtEd| @gn h` wQrs~ ak~;y em vgO@vn~m @f~s~ kl`v @hvw~ k`ly 0.6 sQt 1 qk~v` a#wQ
qw~w @gn aqQn~n.
2 vgO@vn~ vW rQn a`r~ vyQ ak~;ytw~ kl`v wQrs~ a]ytw~ 0.6 sQt 1 qk~v` qw~w @gn pYs~}`rgw krn~n.
3 vgO@vn~ arWy pY@v|gy sQrs~ a]ytw~ wQrs~ ak~;y em vgO@vn~m kl`v 0.6 sQt 1 qk~v` a#wQ qw~w @gn aqQn~n.
wr#@v| arWy pY@v|g@y~ s`m`n& agy vyQ a]@yn~ @h`~ qw~w mgQn~ @h`~ gnny krn~n
vgSv 4 h`1 vn r#py sh ihw nQrW]nq @y`~q` @mm s~pn~q wr#vt qEr @s`yn~n. sRry
~ y` s[h` hQr#@g~ @b`~@l`~mw
Q Qk vQX`lw~vy
ef~ sm`nyQ el~ yt hwrk~pyQ qhyyQp`@sk~ vr~gy lQy` uw~wry wOnyQqXmwOnek qh@y~ bl rQn qhy v mW t @v`t| vlQn~ gn~n.

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Fig. 1 The V-R color and temperature relation. Different symbols correspond to different authors.
Table 1
Phase
V mag

Table 2
Phase
VR

Phase

0.11
0.13
0.14
0.16
0.19
0.19
0.24
0.43
0.46
0.46
0.51
0.54
0.54
0.56
0.59
0.59
0.61
0.64
0.64
0.72

0.22
0.24
0.25
0.27
0.29
0.29
0.34
0.51
0.53
0.53
0.57
0.60
0.60
0.62
0.64
0.64
0.66
0.68
0.69
0.76

0.03
0.05
0.08
0.08
0.13
0.13
0.18
0.20
0.23
0.28
0.33
0.35
0.36
0.38
0.40
0.44
0.46
0.46
0.49
0.51

12.81
12.84
12.87
12.88
12.90
12.94
12.99
13.32
13.31
13.32
13.36
13.41
13.45
13.46
13.53
13.52
13.55
13.60
13.62
13.68

0.71
0.73
0.74
0.75
0.75
0.75
0.77
0.87
0.85
0.87
0.85
0.87
0.88
0.87
0.90
0.90
0.88
0.91
0.90
0.88

Table 3
RadVel (km/s)
232
234
234
237
242
246
243
249
250
254
259
261
260
266
265
266
272
265
270
270
2/8

0.74
0.77
0.79
0.80
0.80
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.84
0.85
0.85
0.87
0.87
0.89
0.90
0.92

13.61
13.45
13.18
13.12
13.07
12.80
12.78
12.73
12.57
12.54
12.53
12.48
12.47
12.49
12.51
12.51

0.78
0.80
0.82
0.82
0.82
0.84
0.84
0.84
0.86
0.86
0.87
0.88
0.89
0.90
0.91
0.93

0.82
0.79
0.70
0.70
0.68
0.60
0.59
0.58
0.53
0.51
0.52
0.51
0.51
0.55
0.53
0.56

0.54
0.54
0.56
0.59
0.61
0.62
0.64
0.67
0.67
0.69
0.71
0.72
0.74
0.77
0.77
0.79
0.80
0.82
0.85
0.87
0.90
0.92
0.92
0.95
0.96

272
273
274
274
273
274
274
276
274
274
274
276
278
271
264
253
259
242
230
228
224
224
225
228
228

3/8

Table 4. Bolometric correction

Teff, K
9600
9400
9150
8900
8400
8000
7300
7100
6500
6150
5950
5800
5500
5250
5050
4950
4850
4700
4600
4400
3900
3750
3550
3400

BC, mag
-0.25
-0.16
-0.10
-0.03
0.05
0.09
0.13
0.11
0.08
0.03
0.00
-0.05
-0.13
-0.22
-0.29
-0.35
-0.42
-0.57
-0.75
-1.17
-1.25
-1.40
-1.60
-2.00

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Problem 2
BVRIJHKLMN photometry of 2 stars from the constellation Cassiopeia is given in Table 5. For both stars it
is believed that their light is affected by extinction by diffuse Interstellar Medium (ISM) only. Assuming
that the observation is done from outside the atmosphere.
Cassiopeia w`rk` r`XQ@y~ BVRIJHKLMN pYk`X mQwQk (photometry ) qw~w Table 5 hQ q#k~@v|. em w`rk` @q@khQm
a`@l`~ky extinction nQs` blp#mt lk~vn~@n~ vQsQr#nE an~wr~ w`rWy m`{&( diffuse Interstellar Medium (ISM)) mgQn~
pmNQ. sQylEm nQrWk~;N v`yE@g`~l@yn~ pQtwqW sQqE krn lq#yQ sQwn~n.
a) Using the data given in Tables 5 to 9, plot XV /BV as a function of 1/X for filters B, V, R, I,
J, H, K, L, M, N for both stars. Fit approximate curves by eye (in particular, note that XV /
BV ~ . as 1/X 0). X is each band in the photometric system.

BV is the colour excess.


Tables 5 sQt 9 qk~v` qW a#wQ qw~w mgQn~ w`rk` @qk s[h`m filters B, V, R, I, J, H, K, L, M, N s[h`
XV /BV , 1/X hQ XYQwyk~ @ls pYs~w`rgw krn~n. 1/X 0 vQt XV /BV ~ . nQywyk~ bv qW
a#w. pLmEv vgS wSnk~ hq~n~n pLmE vgSv ek~ek~wr#v sqh` bQs^nvW, vWQs^nvW a`r~s^nvW sQt en~s^nvW @wk~ @k`lm|
qhyk~ @s`yn~n. @qv#n~n e~a`k`rytm bQs^nvW@n`~tQ sqh`@v|.

BV ynE v#dQmnw~ vr~NyyQ


b) Using the graphs obtained in a), estimate V and R for each star.
ihw a) hQ qW gw~ pYs~w`r x`vQw@y~n~, ek~ ek~ w`rk`v s[h` V h` R a#s~w@m|n~wO krn~n
V

V =

BV

and R =

RI

(V is the absorption in V).


( V ynE V hQ av@X`~;NyyQ. )
Now apply these results in order to derive a distance estimate for IC 342, a spiral galaxy in
Cassiopeia obscured by Milky Way. You should assume that the properties of the ISM in IC 342 are
similar to those of the ISM in our Galaxy.
q#n~ @m| lb`gw~ pYwQPl k~;Wrp}y nQs` a[Ert pw~ Cassiopeia hQ pQhQtQ sr~pQl`k`r mN~q`kQnQyk~ vn IC 342t qEr
nQm`ny kQrWmt @y`q` gn~n. IC 342 hQ wQ@bn ISM vl s~vx`vy ap@g~ k~;Wrp}@y~ wQ@bn ISM vltm sm`n bv obt
upkl~pny kL h#kQy.

c) Using the period-magnitude diagrams for 20 Cepheids from IC 342 (Figures 2 and 3) and
assuming the period-luminosity relations:
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IC 342 sQt @sfyQd| 20 kt a#[Q period-magnitude r$p (Figures 2 and 3) @y`q` gnQmQn~ h` periodluminosity sm|xn~{w` upkl~pny krmQn~ :

R = 2.91 (log (

) 1) 4.04 and I = 3.00 (log (day) 1) 4.06

day

where R and I are the mean absolute magnitudes in filters R and I, find R for objects in
IC 342. Find the distance to IC 342.
R h` I ynE filters R h` I s[h` , m{&n& nQr@p~k~; qWp~ww` @v|. IC 342 hQ vs~wSn~ s[h` R @s`y`, IC
342 t qEr @s`yn~n.

Table 5 BVRIJHKLMN photometry of two stars in Cassiopeia

Star

HD 4817
HD 11092

MK
class

K3Iab
K4II

mag

mag

mag

mag

mag

mag

mag

mag

mag

mag

8.08
8.66

6.18
6.57

4.73
-

3.64
-

2.76
3.10

1.86
2.14

1.54
1.63

1.32
1.41

1.59
1.65

1.44

Table 6 ( )0 intrinsic colours for selected sp. types and luminosity classes
( )0
mag

F0
G0
K0
K3
K4

II
0.73
1.06
1.40
1.42

Iab / Ia
0.15
0.82
1.18
1.42
1.50

6/8

Table 7 Infrared intrinsic colours for selected sp. types of supergiant stars

F0
G0
K0
K3
K4

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

0.20
0.55
0.95
1.13
1.20

0.31
0.90
1.59
1.96
2.13

0.36
1.14
2.01
2.41
2.59

0.51
1.52
2.64
3.14
3.37

0.60
1.71
2.80
3.25
3.44

0.64
1.72
2.87
3.39
3.62

0.65
1.72
2.79
3.25
3.46

0.82
1.98
3.14
3.63
3.84

Table 8 Infrared intrinsic colours for selected sp. types of giant stars

K0
K3
K4

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

( )0
mag

0.60
0.86
0.96

1.03
1.39
1.61

1.23
1.84
2.16

1.72
2.40
2.77

1.94
2.69
3.05

1.97
2.82
3.22

1.90
2.70
3.08

1.92
2.73
3.02

Fig. 2 is the mean apparent magnitude in filter R

7/8

Table 9 Effective wavelengths of selected photometric filters


Filter
F /nm

B
450

V
555

R
670

I
870

J
1200

H
1620

K
2200

L
3500

M
5000

N
9000

Fig. 3 is the mean apparent magnitude in filter I

8/8