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10/1/2009

Cameras with lenses

F
focal point
optical center
(Center Of Projection)

Thin lens
Thin lens

Left focus

Right focus

Rays entering
R
t i parallel
ll l on
one side go through
focus on other, and vice
versa.
In ideal case all rays
from P imaged at P.

Lens diameter d

Focal length f

10/1/2009

Thin lens equation

1
f

1
u

1
v

Any object point satisfying this equation is


in focus

Zoom lens
A assembly of several lens
By changing the lens formation, it varies its
effective focal length.

1
f
For fixed v ,
Large f
Large u
Small f

Small u

1
u

1
v

Far away object is in focus. (Zoom out)


Near object is in focus. (Zoom in)