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BER Performance Comparison

Analysis of Various Different STBC


Diversity Schemes in Fading
Environment
UNDER THE GUIDENCE OF:
MR. ANAND SINGH RAJPOOT
MR. LOKESH BHARDWAJ
MR. ABHISHEK ANAND

PROPOSED BY:
SHAVEL
2K14-MRCE-MTECH-ECE-07

CONTENT
INTRODUCTION
MIMO
Goal of MIMO
STBC (Space-Time Block Code)
OBJECTIVE
RESULTS
BER Performance of Different STBC Schemes (QPSK)
BER Performance of Different STBC Schemes(8-PSK)
BER Performance of Different STBC Schemes(16-QAM)

CONCLUSION
REFERENCES

MIMO
Multiple I/P Multiple O/P.
Channel with multiple antennas at the transmitter and multiple
antennas at the receiver.
A MIMO Channel Representation:

GOAL OF MIMO
#

Key Advantages of MIMO:

Increased reliability obtained through diversity.


Higher data rate obtained through spatial
multiplexing.

STBC (SPACE-TIME BLOCK CODES)


The spacetime (ST) coding is more bandwidth-efficient
coding scheme ---->transmits an information symbol block in
a different order from each antenna.
The diverse copies of the data transmitted are received with
multiple receiving antennas.
All the copies of the received signal are combined in an
optimal way to extract information from each of them.

STBC (SPACE-TIME BLOCK CODES)

Space-Time coded MIMO system

OBJECTIVE
This presentation describes different spacetime coding
schemes and analyses their performance in Rayleigh fading.
The focus of attention is mainly on BER (Bit error rate)
performance of different modulation schemes for various
STBC in Rayleigh fading channel is compared & analysed.

RESULTS
BER performance for QPSK with STBC (3 4), Alamouti (2 2),
and Alamouti (2 1)

RESULTS
BER performance for 8-PSK with STBC (3 4), Alamouti (2 2),
and Alamouti (2 1)

RESULTS
BER performance for 16-QAM with STBC (3 4), Alamouti (2 2),
and Alamouti (2 1)

BER performance
of STBC (3 4) is
better than
Alamouti 2 2 &
Alamouti 2 1.

CONCLUSION
Performance of applying STBC in the MIMO system is investigated
over different modulations in faded environment.
The 3 x 4 space time block coded MIMO has more spatial diversity for
increase the performance system.
STBC with lower modulation order always give low BER, when
compared with STBC that employ higher order modulation techniques
so in 8- PSK, SNR is higher than QPSK and BPSK for the same BER.
It is also analyzed that by increasing number of antennas, BER
performance will be improved so different number of antenna at the
transmitter and receiver side can be chosen so that the diversity gain
will be maximum.

REFERENCES
1. V Tarokh, N Seshadri, AR Calderbank, Space-time codes for high data rate wireless
communication: performance criterion and code construction, IEEE Trans. Inform.
Theory. 44, 744765 (1998).
2. K. Tiwari & Davinder S Saini, BER Performance Comparison of MIMO System
with STBC and MRC over Different Fading Channels, IEEE Trans. Wireless
Commun., vol. 13, pp. 454-459, Jan. 2014.
3. Shavel Gupta , Anand Singh Rajpoot, Lokesh Bhardwaj, Abhishek Anand,
Comparison of BER Performance & Capacity Analysis of MIMO System with STBC
& MRC to improve Link Performance in Fading Environment, International Journal of
Scientific Engineering and Applied Science, Vol.2, Issue-5, May 2016.
4. Z. Chen, Z. Chi, Y. Li, and B. Yucetic, "Error performance of maximal ratio
combining with transmit antenna selection in flat Nakagami-m fading channels," IEEE
Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 8, no. I, pp. 424-431, Jan.2009.

REFERENCES
5. K. Tiwari, A. Jain and S.Y. Charhate, "BER Analysis of Nakagami-m Channels with
different Modulation Techniques and Transmit Diversity", Proc. of IEEE International
Conference (ICM2CS'09), New Delhi. 14-15 Dec. 2009, pp.I-3.
6. S. M. Alamouti, "A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications,"
IEEE Trans. Sel. Areas Commun .. , vol. 16, pp. 145 1- 1458, Oct. 1998.
7. Gesbert, D., et al. (2003). From theory to practice: An overview of MIMO space-time
coded wireless.
8. P. Garg, R. K. Mallik, and H. M. Gupta, "Performance analysis of space time coding
with imperfect channel estimation," IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 4, pp. 257-265,
Jan. 2005.

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