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Code No: R41018

R10

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****

1 a) Classify different types of air pollutants and indicate their sources.


b) Explain in detail one air pollution episode in India.

[8]
[7]

2 a) Enumerate the impact of air pollutants on humans, plants and materials.


b) What do you understand by the term green house effect? Explain in detail.

[8]
[7]

3 a) Discuss the developments in Automobile Industry to address the problem of


exhaust emissions.
b) Write briefly about air-fuel ratio, and compression ratio.

[8]
[7]

4 a) What is wind rose diagram? Draw the wind rose for eight directions and explain
how it can used to locate the industry.
b) Mention Various meteorological factors that influence air pollution dispersion.

[8]
[7]

5 a) Define Inversion. Explain the cause and effects of inversion of atmosphere.


b) Discuss the importance of Gaussian Model for plume dispersion.

[8]
[7]

6 a) Explain the need for control equipment for particulates. Draw the sketch of
settling chamber and explain.
b) Draw the diagram of electrostatic precipitator and discus its principle and
functioning.
7 a) Enumerate the general methods of control of SO2 emissions.
b) Write on the significance of in plant control/process changes to reduce gaseous
emissions than providing control equipment.
8 a) Write an essay on the importance of Ambient Air Quality management
b) Explain the methodology for collection and analysis of ambient air samples for
SPM.

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Code No: R41018

R10

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Define the term Air Pollution. Explain the significance and scope of air
pollution studies.
b) What do understand by the terms Primary and Secondary Pollutants? With
examples explain.

[8]
[7]

2 a) Enumerate the phenomenon of ozone depletion indicating the causes, effects


and remedial measures.
b) Write an essay on the global effects of air pollution.

[8]
[7]

3 a) Explain the impact of engine operating conditions on the auto exhaust


emissions.
b) Write on the importance of removal of gases like SO2, NO2, and CO.

[8]
[7]

4 a) State and discuss various meteorological factors which influence air pollution.
b) What is wind rose? Explain the methodology for the construction of wind rose
and mention the uses of wind rose.

[8]
[7]

5 a) Define Plume. What are the different types of plume behavior and discuss with
neat diagram.
b) Discuss the following terms-super adiabatic and sub adiabatic.

[8]
[7]

6 a) What is a bag house? Draw the sketch of a bag house and explain its working.
b) What is a scrubber? Name different types of wet and dry scrubbers and explain.

[8]
[7]

7 a) Explain various methods for control of NO2 emissions.


b) Define the terms absorption and adsorption and differentiate with examples.

[8]
[7]

8 a) Write on the significance of ambient air quality standards. Mention standards


for SPM, SO2, and NO2.
b) Explain the methodology for stack emission monitoring for flue gases.

[8]
[7]

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Code No: R41018

R10

Set No.3

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****

1 a) Define Air Pollution.


Differentiate Stationary & Mobile Sources, Primary & Secondary sources with
examples.
[8]
b) Highlight one important air pollution episode in India.
[7]
2 a) Discuss various harmful effects of different air pollutants on humans. Explain
with a diagram.
[8]
b) What is acid rain? Discuss the causes, effects and remedial measures.
[7]
3 a) Discuss the state of Art technology that is being adopted to control automobile
pollution.
[8]
b) Distinguish:
i) Crank Case Emissions, ii) Exhaust Emissions and iii) Evaporation Emissions [7]
4 a) Enumerate the impact of meteorological parameters on air pollutants dispersion. [8]
b) What is wind rose? Draw the diagram and explain its use. Also explain how
wind rose is developed.
[7]
5 a) Define Plume. How will you estimate the Plume rise?
[8]
b) Enumerate the phenomenon of Inversions. What are the conditions that
favorable to Inversion with examples?
[7]
6 a) Discuss the approach or various ways normally followed to the problem of
particulate emission control. Also explain the role of control equipment.
[8]
b) Explain the principle of working of Cyclones and Multi Cyclone. Draw diagram
and discuss.
[7]
7 a) Mentions methods to control NO2 emissions along with merits and demerits of
each.
[8]
b) Write on the significance of in plant control in reducing SO2 and NO2 emissions.
[7]
8 a) Write in detail the importance of Ambient air quality monitoring and stack
emission survey.
[8]
b) Explain the experimental methodology for collection and analysis of ambient air
for SO2 and NOx using high volume sampler.
[7]

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Code No: R41018

Set No. 4

R10

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****

1 a) Distinguish : i) Atmosphere and Ambient Air


ii) Air pollution and air pollutant iii) Point, Line and area sources
b) Write on any Air pollution episode in India.

[8]
[7]

2 a) What is a Heat Islands. Describe with examples.

[8]

b) Write a detailed note on the global effects of air pollution.


3 a) Discuss the ways and means to reduce the Exhaust Emissions from an
automobile.
b) Distinguish and discuss the auto exhaust emissions and their control methods
from petrol and diesel engines.

[7]

[8]
[7]

4 a) Discuss various meteorological parameters that influence ambient air quality.


b) Discuss the method for drawing Wind Roses. Explain its use.

[8]
[7]

5 a) Write notes on:


i) Lapse Rate
ii) Inversion
b) Explain the significance of Gaussian Plume Model.

[8]
[7]

iii) Plume Behavior

6 a) Mention and discuss different ways to achieve particulate emissions control.


b) Write notes on:

i) Centrifugal separators

ii) Settling Chambers

7 a) Mention different methods for the control of gaseous pollutants. Elaborate.


b) Write notes on: i) Packed Tower
ii) Spray Tower
iii) Plate Tower
8 a) Briefly explain the significance of stack monitoring for flue gases. Explain the
methodology
b) Write on the role of AAQ standards and Emission standards in Ambient air
quality management.

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Code No: R41025

R10

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

ENERGY AUDIT, CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****

1 a) Discuss briefly the methodology for conducting detailed energy audit.


b) Explain about energy conservation schemes.
2 a) Explain various steps in the implementation of energy management in an
organization.
b) Explain about check list for top management to be followed towards Energy
Management.
3 a) Explain Horizontal portal curve and Vertical polar curve.

[8]
[7]

[8]
[7]
[8]

b) A room measuring 10m x 10m is to be illuminated by 5 lamps and the average


illumination required is 40 lumens/m2. Taking utilization and depreciations factor as
0.5 and 1.2 respectively, determine the mean spherical candlepower per lamp.

4 a) Write the points to be consider for the location of capacitor.


b) Explain the effect of harmonics on power factor.

[7]
[8]
[7]

5 a) Explain working principle and operation of Watt hour meter with neat diagram.
b) Explain working principle and operation of a data logger.

[8]
[7]

6 a) Explain space heating methods for radiation and convection.


b) Explain the energy conservation methods for domestic buildings.

[8]
[7]

7 a) Explain different methods of depreciation methods.


b) Write short notes on Life cycle costing analysis.

[8]
[7]

8 a) Explain the different methods of replacement analysis.

[8]

b) Explain simple payback method with an example.

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Code No: R41025

R10

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

ENERGY AUDIT, CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Explain the terms cost index, Pie charts and Sankey diagrams.
b) Explain about load profile and energy savings potential.

[8]
[7]

2 a) Explain the importance of energy management programmes in industries to


improve the energy utilization
b) Explain the Qualities and functions of energy manager.

[8]
[7]

3 a) What is luminous efficiency? Explain different types lightning schemes for energy
conservation.
[8]
b) Explain about different types of lamp fittings.
[7]
4 a) Explain about shunt and series compensation for power factor improvement.
b) A synchronous motor having a power consumption of 40kW is connected in
parallel with a load of 200 kW having a lagging p.f. of 0.85. If the combined
load has a p.f of 0.95, what is the value of leading reactive kVA supplied by the
motor and at what p.f is it working?

[7]

5 a) Briefly discuss about Pyrometer with it working principle and operation.


b) Explain about the working of Tung tester.

[8]
[7]

6 a) Explain about different types of electric heating methods


b) Explain energy conservation in commercial buildings.

[8]
[7]

7 a) Explain the concept of time value of money in detail.


b) The book value of plant & machinery on 1-1- 2002 was 20,00,000. New
machinery for Rs 1,00,000 was purchased on 1-10-2002 for 2,00,000 on 107-2003 depreciation had been charged at 10% per annum on straight line
method. Show how much depreciation to be charged every year from 1-1-2002
to 31-12-2004.

[7]

8 a) Explain simple payback method with an example.


b) Rank the following investment projects in order of the profitability according to
payback period and Net Present Worth assuming cost of capital to be 10%.
Project
Net Investment
Annuity returns
Life of the Project
X
20,000
4,000
8
Y
10,000
4,000
5

[7]

[8]

[8]

[8]
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Code No: R41025

R10

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

ENERGY AUDIT, CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Define Energy Audit and Explain different types of energy audit.
b) What is energy conservation and illustrate different energy conservation
schemes with examples.
2 a) Write about the managerial functions involved in energy management.
b) Explain various steps in the implementation of energy management in an
organization.
3 a) A lamp taking 4 A at 120V emits 6000 lumens. Calculate its efficiency in
i) Lumens per watt ii) Mean spherical candle power per watt
b) What do you understand by polar curves as applicable to light source.
4 a) Write the different points to be consider for location of capacitor in nonlinear
loads.
b) Briefly describe the effect of harmonics on power factor as well as on the
system.
5

Explain about following energy instruments


i) Watt hour meter
ii) Data loggers iii) Power Analyzer

6 a) Explain different types of energy space heating methods

[8]
[7]
[8]
[7]

[7]
[8]

[7]
[8]

[15]
[7]

b) Explain various energy conservation methods.

[8]

7 a) Explain different types of depreciation methods.

[8]

b) Write the advantages and disadvantages of energy efficient motors.

[7]

8 a) Explain the simple Payback method by considering an example.

[8]

b) Discuss about rate of return on the investment with an example.

[7]

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Code No: R41025

R10

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

ENERGY AUDIT, CONSERVATION AND MANAGEMENT


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Explain Energy index, Cost Index with good examples.
[8]
b) Discuss the Role of Sankey diagrams in Energy Management with a suitable
example.
[7]
2 a) Explain the objectives of energy management and write the role of energy
manager.
b) What are the various steps in the implementation of energy management in an
organization?

[8]
[7]

3 a) Explain about types of lightning and luminaries.


b) Write about white light LED and energy conservation measures.

[8]
[7]

4 a) Explain the different methods for power factor improvement.


b) A 3phase substation transformer has a name plate rating of 7500KVA and a
thermal capability of 125% of the name plate rating. If the connected load is
8816KVA with a 0.85pf lagging p.f., determine the following :
i) The KVAR rating of the shunt capacitor bank required to decrease the
KVA load of the transformer to its capability level.
ii) The power factor of the corrected level

[8]

[7]

5 a) Explain the role of the following energy instruments


i) Lux meters ii) Pyro meter
b) Explain principle and operation of Power analyzer and its role in energy industry.

[8]
[7]

6 a) Explain various types of space heating methods.


b) Discuss various types of Electric water heating system.

[8]
[7]

7 a) What you understand the depreciation. Explain different types of depreciation


methods.
b) Explain the concept of time value of money in detail and internal rate of return
with example.
8 a) Rank the following investment projects in order of the profitability according to
payback period and Net Present Worth assuming cost of capital to be 15%.
Project Net Investment
Annuity returns
Life of the Project
X
30,000
5,000
10
Y
10,000
4,000
7
b) Explain the necessity for power factor correction with an example.
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Code No: R41035

R10

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

MICRO ELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEMS


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) What is meant by micro electro mechanical system? Explain its significance.
[8]
b) Explain about surface micro machining and water bonding.
[7]
2 a) Explain the nature and scope of MEMS.
b) Explain the importance of mechanical sensors and actuators.

[7]
[8]

3 a) Explain the characteristics of thermo couple with its examples.


b) Discuss in detail about the thermal flow sensors.

[8]
[7]

4 a) Briefly discuss the various principles of MOEMS technology.

[7]

b) Explain the salient points in a general grating light value and write any two of
its applications.

[8]

5 a) Define magnetic sensors, list out the benefits of magnetic sensors.

[7]

b) State and explain various types of actuators with their significant.

[8]

6 a) How would you use the operations of MEMS switches?


b) Explain in brief about phase shifter using MEM systems.
7 a) What are the applications of micro fluidic systems?
b) What are the kinds of fluid actuation methods?
8

Write short notes on the following:


a) Sensing mechanisms and principle of biomedical micro systems
b) Thermo resistors
c) Thermo capacitors
d) Molecular gate

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[15]

Code No: R41035

R10

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

MICRO ELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEMS


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Discuss about the performance testing of lithography principles and write its
applications.
[8]
b) State and explain various lithography methods.
[7]
2 a) Briefly explain the piezo electric system with a neat sketch.
b) List out various advantages and disadvantages to sensors and actuators.

[7]
[8]

3 a) Describe the detail about micro hot plate gas sensors.


b) What is meant by pyro electricity? Explain in brief.

[7]
[8]

4 a) Write a short note on light detector and optical switch with their practical
applications.
b) State and explain the properties of light.

[8]
[7]

5 a) Explain the properties of magnetic materials for MEMS.


b) Distinguish between magnetic diodes and magneto transistors.

[7]
[8]

6 a) Write about principle and operation of radio frequency MEM systems.


b) Briefly discuss the following tamers
i) Inductors
ii) Varactors
iii) Filter
iv) Resonator

[5]

[10]

7 a) Explain in detail elector thermal flow analysis.

[8]

b) Write a short note on micro fluidic systems.

[7]

Write short notes on the following terms:


a) Fluroscence detection
b) Calorimetric spectroscopy
c) Sensing mechanism
d) Micro fluid dispenser

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Code No: R41035

R10

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

MICRO ELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEMS


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) What do you understand by thin film deposition?

[7]

b) Write about the basic function and characteristics of etching and impurity
doping.

[8]

2 a) Distinguishes between shear mode piezo actuator and gripping mode piezo
actuator.
b) What are the important design considerations of inch worm technology?

[7]
[8]

3 a) Discuss the basic function and principles of micro spring thermal actuator.

[7]

b) Explain the various advantages of shape memory alloys.


4 a) Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of digital micro mirror device and
give any two reasons for using MOEM systems.
b) Explain how to measure shear stress measurement for MOEM and write its
practical examples.
5 a) Explain in brief about feedback circuit and integrated magnetic actuator.
b) What do you understand by magneto resistive sensor? Write any two of its
examples.
6

[8]
[7]
[7]
[8]

What are the advantages and disadvantages of radio frequency MEMS based
on communication systems? Also write their characteristics.
[15]

7 a) Define thermo capillary effect and write the list out the benefits of electro
osmosis flow analysis.
b) Briefly describe the micro fluid dispenser and micro needle with their
applications.
8

[8]

Write a short notes on the following terms


a) Micro needle
b) Micro pumps
c) Mass sensitive thermo sensors
d) Calori metric spectroscope

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[7]

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Code No: R41035

R10

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

MICRO ELECTRO MECHANICAL SYSTEMS


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Define MEMS. Explain various functions and principles of MEMS.
b) Discuss in brief structural and sacrificial materials with their examples.

[8]
[7]

2 a) What factors are affecting flow and pressure measurement by micro phone?
b) Explain in detail about principles of sensing and actuation with their examples.

[7]
[8]

3 a) What are the various functional areas of micro hot plate gas sensors?
b) Explain the role of U-shaped horizontal and vertical electro thermal actuator with
their significance.

[7]

4 a) Explain in brief about grating valve and optical switch.


b) What is the use of optical switch? Explain with any two practical applications.

[7]
[8]

5 a) Write a short notes on: i). force reluctance actuator


ii). magnetic based storage device
b) List out magnetic sensors and actuators explain each one of them.

[8]

6 a) Briefly discuss about resonator and phase shifter.


b) List out the properties and characteristics of magnetic materials for MEM systems.

[7]
[8]

7 a) Explain in brief about molecular gate and micro pumps.

[7]

b) Distinguish between electro wetting and electro thermal flow with their examples.
8

Write a short notes on the following terms


a) Thermo capacitors
b) Electro wetting
c) Micro fluid systems
d) Grating light valve

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Code No: R41048

R10

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

BIO-MEDICAL ENGINEERING
(Open Elective)

Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Explain the following:
i) Range
ii) Sensitivity
iii) Accuracy
iv) Frequency response
b) Draw the block diagram of the man-instrument system and explain.

[8]

2 a) Explain the parameters that dictate the transducer capabilities.

[7]

b) What is the purpose of electrode paste? Explain the following:


i) Metal plate electrodes
ii) Suction cup electrodes
iii) Adhesive tape electrodes
iv) Floating electrodes
3 a) What is photo plethesmography? Explain.
b) Give the classification of heart sounds based on their mechanism of origin.
4 a) Explain the internal and external respiratory mechanisms.
b) What is the most widely used laboratory instrument for respiratory volume
measurement? Explain.
5 a) Explain the basic elements of patient-monitoring system.
b) What are the different instruments for monitoring patients? Explain.
6 a) What is tonometer and explain how can be used?
b) Write notes on the following:
i) Audiometers
ii) Hearing Aids

[7]

[8]

[7]
[8]
[7]
[8]

[7]
[8]
[7]
[8]

7 a) Give the characteristics of X-ray radiation.


b) List the ultrasonic applications of therapeutic uses.

[8]
[7]

8 a) What is patient monitoring? Explain.


b) Write notes on the following:
i). Shock Hazards from Electrical Equipment
ii). Physiological Effects and Electrical Current

[7]

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R10

Code No: R41048

Set No. 2

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

BIO-MEDICAL ENGINEERING
(Open Elective)

Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) The cardiovascular s stem is the major hydraulic system in the body. Which is
the pneumatic system in the body? Explain how this pneumatic system works.
b) Explain the effect of the transducer on the measurement in measuring a living
system.

[8]
[7]

2 a) What are the different types of electrodes? Explain.

[7]

b) Explain the following terms:


i) Sensing element
ii) Transduction element

[8]

3 a) Explain the principle of transduction of heart sounds.

[8]

b) Explain about EKG.

[7]

4 a) Write notes on the following:


i) Ventilators
ii) Respirators
b) Explain how the residual volume is measured.

[8]
[7]

5 a) What are pacemakers? Explain in detail.

[8]

b) Explain in detail the DC defibrillator.

[7]

6 a) Describe the anatomy of vision.

[7]

b) Explain nerve and muscle stimulators?

[8]

7 a) Explain how telemetry is used for emergency patient monitoring.


b) Explain the basic components of X-ray machine.
8

[8]
[7]

Explain the following:


a) Biopotential Amplifiers
b) Monitors
c) Recorders

[15]
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R10

Code No: R41048

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

BIO-MEDICAL ENGINEERING
(Open Elective)

Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) Which is the hydraulic system in the human body? Explain.
b) Explain the following of an instrumentation system:
i) Information gathering
ii) Diagnosis
iii) Evaluation
iv) Monitoring

[7]

[8]

2 a) What is electrode potential? Explain the different types of electrodes.

[8]

b) Distinguish between passive and active transducers with examples

[7]

3 a) What is phonocardiogram? Draw the normal electrode placement to record the


electrocardiogram.
b) Draw the different EKG lead configurations.

[8]
[7]

4 a) Explain the instruments for respiratory therapy.

[8]

b) Draw a typical spirogram and label it.

[7]

5 a) Explain the following:


i) Internal pacemaker
ii) External pacemaker
b) What are the different types of defibrillators? Explain.

[8]
[7]

6 a) Explain in general the nerve and muscle stimulators.

[8]

b) Explain the use of ophthalmology instruments.


7 a) What are the components of biotelemetry system? Explain.
b) Write notes on telemetry for ECG measurements during exercise?
8 a) What are the physiological effects of electrical current? Explain.
b) Explain the following:
i) Double insulation

ii) Protection by low voltage


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R10

Code No: R41048

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

BIO-MEDICAL ENGINEERING
(Open Elective)

Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1 a) What are the basic objectives of an instrumentation system? Explain.

[8]

b) What are the components of the man-instrument system? Explain.

[7]

2 a) What are the transducers used for biomedical applications? Explain.

[7]

b) What are the force-summing members used in pressure transducers? Explain.


3 a) Draw the block diagram showing electrocardiograph building blocks.
b) What are the different types of EKG recorders? Explain.
4 a) What are the instruments for measuring the mechanics of breathing? Explain.

[8]
[7]
[8]
[8]

b) Explain about lung volumes and capacities.

[7]

5 a) What are the types of pacemaker? Explain.

[8]

b) Explain ventricular fibrillation and how it can be eliminated?


6 a) What are biomaterials? Explain.

[7]
[7]

b) Explain in detail how the ophthalmoscope is used.

[8]

7 a) Draw the block diagram of exciter-transmitter unit for blood pressure telemetry
and explain.
b) Draw the block diagram of biolink PWM receiving system and explain.

[8]
[7]

8 a) Write notes on the following:


i) Grounding
ii) Double insulation
b) Draw a typical hospital electric-power distribution system and label it.

[8]
[7]

1 of 1

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

Code No: R41057

R10

Set No. 1

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1. a) Distinguish between Kernel Mode and User Mode.
b) Explain different open source operating systems and its features in detail.

[8+7]

2. a) Explain about Personalities in Linux. What is the system call available to


change the personality?
b) What is a process state and mention the various states of a process?

[8+7]

3. a) Explain the different ways of sorting the query results in MySql in detail?
b) Obtain different ways of obtaining connection parameters for a script so that it can
connect to a MySQL server.
[8+7]
4. a) Explain the types of Arrays in PHP with examples.
b) What are the types to pass parameters to the function in PHP? Mention its
advantages and disadvantages.

[8+7]

5. a) How Security and Templates can be implemented using PHP.


b) Elucidate about debugging and how to handle errors in PHP.

[8+7]

6. a) Which Python types are immutable? Which Python types are sequences?
b) Discuss about the characteristics Python objects have in detail.

[8+7]

7. a) Write a program in Python to compare two text files. If they are different, give the
line and column numbers in the files where the first difference occurs.
b) Illuminate all the different ways in which raise can be used.
[8+7]
8. a) What is a file handle? Discuss about the standard PERL file handles in detail.
b) Describe in detail about Regular expression support functions in PERL.

1 of 1

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

[8+7]

Code No: R41057

R10

Set No.2

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1. a) What is open sources movement? Discuss about Open source software in detail.
b) What is the advantage of open sources compared to propriety sources?
[8+7]
2. a) Explain about Cloning and Signaling system in Linux.
b) Describe in detail about development with LINUX.

[8+7]

3. a) Describe about SQL statement categories in detail.


b) Discuss about sorting strings that represent IP numbers in numeric order.

[8+7]

4. a) Mention the scalar data-types provided by PHP? Explain with examples.


b) How do you generate the summaries in MySql? Explain in detail.

[8+7]

5. a) List out the various models of LDAP. What are the various PHP's LDAP client
functions?
b) Give about the importance of PHP Security and discuss about the concerns of PHP
security?
[8+7]
6. a) How to create, assign tuples and access values in tuples.
b) Why isnt there a switch or case statement in Python?

[8+7]

7. a) How are namespaces and variable scopes different from each other?
b) Write simple functions max2() and min2() that take two items and return the larger
and smaller item, respectively. They should work on arbitrary Python objects. For
example, max2(4, 8) and min2(4, 8) would each return 8 and 4, respectively.
[8+7]
8. a) What are the main features of PERL? Explain in detail.
b) Discuss about passing lists and hashes to subroutines in detail.

1 of 1

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

[8+7]

Code No: R41057

R10

Set No. 3

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1. a) Why has the open source software become popular? List different open source
applications for you to use or build upon in detail.
b) Explain about LINUX architecture and discuss about what LINUX supports in
detail.
[8+7]
2. a) Discuss in detail about scheduling in multi processor system.
b) Discuss about LINUX signals in detail.

[8+7]

3. a) Explain in detail about selecting records based on their temporal characteristics.


b) How do you create an account to use for connecting to the MySQL server running on
a given host , create a database and to set up tables within it? Explain.
[8+7]
4. a) What are the data types available in PHP?
b) How do you implement inheritance in PHP? Explain with examples.

[8+7]

5. a) Explain the process of sending an e-mail with PHP


b) In how many ways we can retrieve the data in the result set of MySQL using
PHP?

[8+7]

6. a) Write a program to have the user input three (3) numbers: (f)rom, (t)o, and
(i)ncrement. Count from f to t in increments of i, inclusive of f and t. For
example, if the input is f == 2, t== 24, and i == 4, the program would output:
2, 6, 10, 14, 18, 22
b) Why is join() astring method instead of a list or tuple method in Python?

[8+7]

7. a) What is the difference between try-except and try-finally?


b) Explain about binding and method invocation in Python.

[8+7]

8. a) When the PERL parser looks at the source code what are the basic things the PERL
parser thinks? Explain in detail.
b) How PERL provides conversion between bases? Explain in detail with examples.
[8+7]
1 of 1

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

Code No: R41057

R10

Set No. 4

IV B.Tech I Semester Regular/Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec - 2014

OPEN SOURCE SOFTWARE


(Open Elective)
Time: 3 hours

Max. Marks: 75

Answer any FIVE Questions


All Questions carry equal marks
*****
1. a) Explain about Free Software Foundation in detail.
b) Delineate about features of LINUX.

[8+7]

2. a) What is mean by a Daemons program? List some of the process attributes.


b) Explain about the process management in LINUX with suitable system call?

[8+7]

3. a) Describe about inserting data from a form into a database .


b) Describe about selecting records from the beginning or end of a result set.

[8+7]

4. a) Define operator associativity in PHP? Evaluate the following expressions:


i) (2+4)/2*3
ii) 2+4/2*3
iii) (2+4)/(2*3)
iv) 2+4/(2*3)
b) What are th e functions available to determine the attributes of a file?

[8+7]

5. a) Explain the common issues that can lead to insecure scripts and also suggest how
these are solved to retain security in PHP.
b) What are the components of LDAP? Explain.
[8+7]
6. a) What are the differences between the str() and repr() built-in functions and the
backquote ( `` ) operator in Python?
b) Take a string and append a backwards copy of that string, making a palindrome in
Python.
[8+7]
7. a) What are exceptions? Discuss in detail about detecting and handling exceptions in
Python.
b) Create a Python script that runs other Python scripts.
[8+7]
8. a) Describe in detail about file control with fcntl function in the PERL.
b) Discuss about the components of PERL.
1 of 1

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

[8+7]

Set No. 1

Code No: N0423/R07

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MICRO CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bio-Medical
Engineering and Electronics & Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. Discuss different addressing modes of 8051 microcontroller by giving an example
for each kind.
[16]
2. Write a program to find whether the given number is even or odd with algorithm.
[16]
3. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Pending interrupts
(b) Simultaneous interrupts.

[28]

4. Write short notes on the following:


(a) Free running counter.
(b) Interrupt interval.

[28]

5. (a) Compose a 40-value look up table that will generate a saw tooth wave using
an 8 bit D/A converter.
(b) Write an assembly language program to initialize the above D/A converter
which is interfaced to 8051.
[8+8]
6. A Robot has there motors having three angle encodes. Each motor receives an
input from three tasks. The fourth task measures the position of each motor and
sends three directions to the motors to rotate by a0 , b0 , and C0 Which RTOS will
schedule there tasks and which RTOS functcions are used in this system design[16]
7. Draw 80196 Verticle windows. What are the uses of vertical windows? What are
the advantages of providing adjustable vertical window size?
[16]
8. Describe and compare Thumb instruction subset with that of ARM. How does the
inter working between the two instructions take place?
[16]
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

Set No. 2

Code No: N0423/R07

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MICRO CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bio-Medical
Engineering and Electronics & Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. (a) Write about interrupt enable register and how do you program it.
(b) What are different interrupt sources of 8501 and explain clearly?

[8+8]

2. Give any four examples for interrupt control flow instruction and explain. [44]
3. How do you provide the mechanism so that a vectored interrupt controller can
receive simultaneous interrupts?
[16]
4. Describe with examples various modes of the 8051 timers.

[16]

5. Describe how to switch ON and OFF four given values in four taks in a processor?
Use port pins P1.0 to P1.3 of 8051. Switch these cyclically after every five minutes.
[16]
6. (a) Is priority inhereitance an important feature? Discuss
(b) What is interupt latency
(c) Write a brief note on pipes

[6+5+5]

7. (a) List non-maskable and maskable interrupts in 80196


(b) Draw an interupt vector table according to hardware priority of each source
group.
[8+8]
8. (a) Explain the complete ARM register set in different modes of ARM processor.
(b) Explain how the change of modes take place in ARM?
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

[8+8]

Set No. 3

Code No: N0423/R07

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MICRO CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bio-Medical
Engineering and Electronics & Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. Explain the details of different kinds of memories given in 8051 microcontroller.
[16]
2. (a) Write short notes on SFRS.
(b) Write in detail about the instruction SJMP.

[8+8]

3. What are the instructions that will enable and disable interrupts explain in detail?
[16]
4. Write a routine for delay that a timer starts to the time the TF flag in raised. [16]
5. A transducer interfaces an 8 bit ADC of an MCU and output to the LED display
unit. Transducer generates 5mv/kmph car speed in an automobile. Lower limit of
the car speed is Kmph and upper limit is 120kmph. The speed display is on four
7 segment LED display units: Draw the interface circuit for the above design and
generate an assembly code to initialize the operation.
[16]
6. How do we initiate pre emptive scheduling and assign prioritieus to the tasks for
scheduling? Give two examples of the need for pre emptive scheduling?
[16]
7. (a) Bit 0 at the INT-PENDING register of 80196 gets. How do we find its timer
that overflows?
(b) Explain about the high speed output CAM in 80196?
(c) How do we reset timer 2 in 80196?

[6+6+4]

8. (a) Describe the implementation of branch, call and return instructions in ARM
instruction set. Give examples.
(b) How does Push and Pop accomplished in ARM?
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

[10+6]

Set No. 4

Code No: N0423/R07

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MICRO CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bio-Medical
Engineering and Electronics & Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. Bring out the functional difference between microprocessors and microcontroller by
drawing their basic block diagrams.
[16]
2. Write a program with assembly language to generate square wave.
3. What are the applications of interrupts? Explain each with an example.
4. Write in detail about TMOD REGISTER.

[16]
[44]
[16]

5. Use an 8-bit D/A converter which generaters 1000Hz sine wave. 166 decimal samples are stoled in a look up table and fed to the converter at a rate of one sample
per 6 sec. The look uptable is pointed by DPTR and R1 is used to count the
samples. Write assembly language program to initialize the D/A converter which
is interfaced to 8051.
[16]
6. (a) Explain round robin and pre emptive scheduling with examples. When do we
use each of them?
(b) How does a semaphore handles a critical section of a task?

[10+6]

7. (a) Explain the serial communication control bits during the half duplex synchronous serial functions in 80196.
(b) What are the difference between synchronous and asynchronous functions of
the SI in 80196?
[16]
8. (a) What are the Thumb data processing instructions? List and explain them
with an example.
(b) Explain the branch and branch with link instructions with examples. When
do we use them.
[8+8]
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

Set No. 1

Code No: N0524/R07

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology
and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. (a) What is Memex? Explain its role regarding Hypertext.
(b) Write briefly about image data representation.
2. Explain in detail about linear Quantization.

[8+8]
[16]

3. Write different problems that can arise when a type is casting to


(a) String
(b) Number
(c) Date
(d) Array.

[4+4+4+4]

4. What is extraneous super class? Explain how to invoke extraneous super class
constructor.
[16]
5. (a) Explain about the exported flash movie.
(b) Explain how to handling component events.
(c) Explain about avatar symbol movie clip.

[5+6+5]

6. (a) What are the advantages of Adaptive Huffman coding compared to the original
Huffman coding algorithm?
(b) Describe 2D-Descrete wavelet transform.

[8+8]

7. (a) What is video compression? Explain about sequential search?


(b) What are the basic features of MPEG-7?

[8+8]

8. (a) Write short notes on H.323 protocol?


(b) Write short notes on key issues, techniques and protocols of multimedia over
IP?
[8+8]
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

Set No. 2

Code No: N0524/R07

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology
and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. (a) Write the difference between YUV color model with YIQ color model.
(b) Suppose images are not gamma corrected by a camcorder. Generally, how
they would appear on the screen?
[8+8]
2. Explain in detail about linear Quantization.

[16]

3. Write about the following methods in ImageViewer class.


(a) loadImage( )
(b) setImageClip( )
(c) setTargetClip( )
(d) setTargetClip( ) .

[4+4+4+4]

4. Explain how to add new properties for Built- in class with out using sub class of
it.
[16]
5. (a) Explain about the OOP Application Framework?
(b) Explain about the Initializing Avatar Instance with an example?

[8+8]

6. (a) Explain about Adaptive Huffman coding.


(b) Explain about LZW algorithm.
(c) Explain about 2D haar transform.

[5+5+6]

7. (a) Discuss the advantage of using an algebraic code book in CELP Coding?
(b) Explain about VOP Based coding verses frame based coding in MPEG-4?
[8+8]
8. Write short notes on :
(a) Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP)
(b) Pyramid Broadcasting.

[8+8]
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

Set No. 3

Code No: N0524/R07

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology
and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. (a) Write briefly about Extensible Markup Language.
(b) Write about Synchronized Multimedia Markup language.

[8+8]

2. (a) Write about signal-to-Quantization-Noise Ratio.


(b) If sound card is 8-bit then what is the best SQNR it can achieve? Explain.
[8+8]
3. (a) Write and explain constructor for ImageViewer Class for Image.
(b) Write and explain constructor for ImageViewer Class for Movie.

[8+8]

4. (a) Write about the class Serializable.


(b) Explain the following methods in it.
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

SetSerializationProps( )
SetSerializationObj ( )
SetRecordSeperator( )
Serialize( )

[8+8]

5. Explain the following questions.


(a) How to Initializing avatar instances.
(b) Currency converter properties.
(c) Properties and methods of nested assets.

[6+5+5]

6. Explain the following:


(a) RLC
(b) LZW algorithm
(c) Comparision of DCT & DFT
(d) One dimensional inverse DCT.

[4+4+4+4]

7. (a) Explain about MPEG-7 descriptions?


(b) Explain about channel Vocoders?

[8+8]

8. (a) Explain broad cast schemes for video on demand in detail?


(b) Explain the layers of OSI reference model?
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

[8+8]

Set No. 4

Code No: N0524/R07

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MULTIMEDIA AND APPLICATION DEVELOPMENT
( Common to Computer Science & Engineering, Information Technology
and Computer Science & Systems Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. Explain the following:
(a) Intensity Resolution
(b) Spatial Resolution
(c) Dithering
(d) Halftone Printing.

[4+4+4+4]

2. Explain the following:


(a) Digitization
(b) Quantization.

[10+6]

3. (a) Write about global variables in ACTION SCRIPT.


(b) Write about compile time constants expressions.

[8+8]

4. (a) Write disadvantages of nested exceptions.


(b) Write a small notes on exception performance issues.

[10+6]

5. (a) Explain about avatar class instance methods and explain one method with
example.
(b) Explain about the class constructor.
(c) Explain about currency converter application overview.

[6+5+5]

6. (a) What are the advantages of Adaptive Huffman coding compared to the original
Huffman coding algorithm?
(b) Describe 2D-Descrete wavelet transform.

[8+8]

7. (a) Explain MPEG-2 Scalabilities?


(b) Explain about Hierarchical search?

[8+8]

8. (a) Explain about DMIF (Delivery multimedia integration framework) in MPEG4?


(b) Write the issues of buffer management?
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

[8+8]

Set No. 1

Code No: N0404/R05

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MICRO CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bio-Medical
Engineering and Electronics & Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. Discuss different addressing modes of 8051 microcontroller by giving an example
for each kind.
[16]
2. Write a program to find whether the given number is even or odd with algorithm.
[16]
3. Write short notes on the following:
(a) Pending interrupts
(b) Simultaneous interrupts.

[28]

4. Write short notes on the following:


(a) Free running counter.
(b) Interrupt interval.

[28]

5. (a) Compose a 40-value look up table that will generate a saw tooth wave using
an 8 bit D/A converter.
(b) Write an assembly language program to initialize the above D/A converter
which is interfaced to 8051.
[8+8]
6. A Robot has there motors having three angle encodes. Each motor receives an
input from three tasks. The fourth task measures the position of each motor and
sends three directions to the motors to rotate by a0 , b0 , and C0 Which RTOS will
schedule there tasks and which RTOS functcions are used in this system design[16]
7. Draw 80196 Verticle windows. What are the uses of vertical windows? What are
the advantages of providing adjustable vertical window size?
[16]
8. Describe and compare Thumb instruction subset with that of ARM. How does the
inter working between the two instructions take place?
[16]
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

Set No. 2

Code No: N0404/R05

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MICRO CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bio-Medical
Engineering and Electronics & Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. (a) Write about interrupt enable register and how do you program it.
(b) What are different interrupt sources of 8501 and explain clearly?

[8+8]

2. Give any four examples for interrupt control flow instruction and explain. [44]
3. How do you provide the mechanism so that a vectored interrupt controller can
receive simultaneous interrupts?
[16]
4. Describe with examples various modes of the 8051 timers.

[16]

5. Describe how to switch ON and OFF four given values in four taks in a processor?
Use port pins P1.0 to P1.3 of 8051. Switch these cyclically after every five minutes.
[16]
6. (a) Is priority inhereitance an important feature? Discuss
(b) What is interupt latency
(c) Write a brief note on pipes

[6+5+5]

7. (a) List non-maskable and maskable interrupts in 80196


(b) Draw an interupt vector table according to hardware priority of each source
group.
[8+8]
8. (a) Explain the complete ARM register set in different modes of ARM processor.
(b) Explain how the change of modes take place in ARM?
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

[8+8]

Set No. 3

Code No: N0404/R05

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MICRO CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bio-Medical
Engineering and Electronics & Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. Explain the details of different kinds of memories given in 8051 microcontroller.
[16]
2. (a) Write short notes on SFRS.
(b) Write in detail about the instruction SJMP.

[8+8]

3. What are the instructions that will enable and disable interrupts explain in detail?
[16]
4. Write a routine for delay that a timer starts to the time the TF flag in raised. [16]
5. A transducer interfaces an 8 bit ADC of an MCU and output to the LED display
unit. Transducer generates 5mv/kmph car speed in an automobile. Lower limit of
the car speed is Kmph and upper limit is 120kmph. The speed display is on four
7 segment LED display units: Draw the interface circuit for the above design and
generate an assembly code to initialize the operation.
[16]
6. How do we initiate pre emptive scheduling and assign prioritieus to the tasks for
scheduling? Give two examples of the need for pre emptive scheduling?
[16]
7. (a) Bit 0 at the INT-PENDING register of 80196 gets. How do we find its timer
that overflows?
(b) Explain about the high speed output CAM in 80196?
(c) How do we reset timer 2 in 80196?

[6+6+4]

8. (a) Describe the implementation of branch, call and return instructions in ARM
instruction set. Give examples.
(b) How does Push and Pop accomplished in ARM?
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1

[10+6]

Set No. 4

Code No: N0404/R05

IV B.Tech I Semester Supplementary Examinations, Nov/Dec 2014


MICRO CONTROLLERS AND APPLICATIONS
( Common to Electronics & Communication Engineering, Bio-Medical
Engineering and Electronics & Telematics)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
?????
1. Bring out the functional difference between microprocessors and microcontroller by
drawing their basic block diagrams.
[16]
2. Write a program with assembly language to generate square wave.
3. What are the applications of interrupts? Explain each with an example.
4. Write in detail about TMOD REGISTER.

[16]
[44]
[16]

5. Use an 8-bit D/A converter which generaters 1000Hz sine wave. 166 decimal samples are stoled in a look up table and fed to the converter at a rate of one sample
per 6 sec. The look uptable is pointed by DPTR and R1 is used to count the
samples. Write assembly language program to initialize the D/A converter which
is interfaced to 8051.
[16]
6. (a) Explain round robin and pre emptive scheduling with examples. When do we
use each of them?
(b) How does a semaphore handles a critical section of a task?

[10+6]

7. (a) Explain the serial communication control bits during the half duplex synchronous serial functions in 80196.
(b) What are the difference between synchronous and asynchronous functions of
the SI in 80196?
[16]
8. (a) What are the Thumb data processing instructions? List and explain them
with an example.
(b) Explain the branch and branch with link instructions with examples. When
do we use them.
[8+8]
?????

|'''|'|||''||''''''|

1 of 1