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SPEAR Exercise

IDRN 1300

Seismic Post-Event Assessment and


Response Exercise
SPEAR EXERCISE
Supported by Humanitarian International Services Group

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SPEAR Exercise

IDRN 1300

Scenario Narrative
Three days ago, a magnitude 7.6 earthquake struck off the coast of Sumatra,
Indonesia ago at 1716 local time. The epicenter (0 43 30 S, 99 51 21.6 E) was
45 kilometres (28 mi) west-northwest of Padang, Sumatra, and 220 kilometres (140 mi)
southwest of Pekan Baru, Sumatra. Early estimates believe the quake has caused more than
1,300 deaths. The earthquake originated in the SundaSubduction zone where the Indian and
Australian tectonic plates subduct under the Burma and Sundatetonic plates. The Sunda
Subduction zone is home to the worlds most violent volcanoes and seismic events. The
Sunda Subduction zone is responsible for causing the 2004 Bande Ache Tsunami.
The most deaths occurred in the areas of Padang Pariaman (675), Padang (313), Agam (80)
and Pariaman (37). In addition, around 135,000 houses were severely damaged, 65,000
houses were moderately damaged and 79,000 houses were slightly damaged. An estimated
250,000 families (1,250,000 people) have been affected by the earthquake through the total
or partial loss of their homes and livelihoods.
Due to extensive damage, your team was unable to fly directly into Minang Kabau
International Airport or Tabing Airport near Padang. Instead, you were forced to fly on a
Indonesian Military relief flight from Jakarta to Sultan Syarif Qasim II International Airport in Pekan
Baru (205 KM Northeast of Padang). While terrorism is not a typical occurrence in this region, the
population is desperate and may resort to violence. Therefore, security is a real concern.

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SPEAR Exercise

IDRN 1300

Task
You have arrived at your hotel in Pekan Baru. The hotel has electricity and internet. You will set up a
temporary Local Coordination Team here at the hotel. You have been tasked with conducting Rapid
Village Assessments tomorrow morning. Take this time to create a detailed plan of how you will conduct
your assessments tomorrow. Your team has been assigned to assess the following villages located
between Padang and Pekan Baru:

Bukit Tinggi (91,983)


Pasir (30,234)

These villages have been heavily impacted by both the earthquake and resulting landslides. Expect
potential roadblocks as numerous landslides have affected this mountainous region. A week of steady
rainfall has only exacerbated the problem. Plan accordingly. Rainfall is expected to continue through the
rest of the week with occasional periods of sun.
Todays forecast for the region:
Rain showers. There is a 70% chance of precipitation. Partly cloudy. Hot, Muggy. Temperature of 34C.
Winds NE 3km/h. Humidity will be 52% with a dewpoint of 23 and feels-like temperature of 39C. Sunrise
is 0550 and Sunset is 1935.
ALL ASSESSMENTS MUST BE COMPLETED DURING HOURS OF DAYLIGHT
ALL TEAMS MUST RETURN BY 2300
ALL TWO VILLAGES MUST BE ASSESSED IN THE FIRST DAY

Team Organization:
Divide your team into One Local Coordination Team and Two Assessment Teams as seen
below:
o

Team/Assets

Two x (4 Person) Assessment Teams

Team Leader

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SPEAR Exercise

Communications

Medical

Logistics

IDRN 1300

One x (8 Person) Local Coordination Team

Emergency Coordinator

Operations Lead

Operations Assistant

Logistics Lead

Information Lead

Information Assistant

Communications Lead

Admin Lead

Operations Plan:
Before you depart to conduct the assessments, you must develop a detailed operations plan. Below you
will find a sample outline of an Operations Plan for conducting assessments in a disaster zone. Use this
outline to help you formulate a plan. Be prepared to brief you plan to the rest of the class. As part of your
plan you much choose equipment to bring with you. Your limitations will be by both space and budget.
You will have an available budget of $7,000.00 USD provided by donors. Directly below the Operations
Plan Outline is a list of available equipment and the price. Each item has a check box for the quantity you
would like. Fill out the equipment request and stay within budget. It may be a good idea to leave some
extra funds if additional needs arise during the assessment. Follow the outline below and be prepared to
brief you plan to the rest of the class. It is recommended that each assessment team brief their individual
plan and that the LCC staff briefs the overall plan. It is also recommended that you have each staff
member brief based upon their role. For example, the information lead would brief the situation segment,
the Logistics and Communication Lead would brief the logistics and communication segment, etc.)

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SPEAR Exercise

IDRN 1300

Operations Plan Outline:

Situation
o

Disaster(Disaster information and suspected impact)

Operational Area (Terrain, population, etc.)

Environmental Conditions (Weather, etc.)

Team Organization (Who will fulfill which role)

Mission Statement Team SPEAR will conduct a rapid assessment of Bukit Tinngi, and
Pasir NLT 1935 on 23 Mar 2011 IOT determine the damage and needs in these villages.

Operations (How will you accomplish your mission?)


o

Concept (Overview of what you will you do?)

Phase 1 Transit to Bukit Tinngi

Phase 2 DRT 1 Assessment of Bukit Tinngi DRT 2 on too Pasir

Phase 3 DRT 2 Assessment of Pasir

Phase 4 DRT 2 and DRT 1 Return to Pekan Baru

Implementation(How will you do it? Which team will do what?)

RAT 1

Routes/Vehicle Plan(How will you get there? What is your back-up route?
Who will ride in which vehicle? How will the vehicles travel? In groups?
Individually?)

Actions on site(How will you conduct the assessment? Data collection


methods? How many people will be interviewed? How will your team
divide? Where will you set it up?)

RAT 2

Routes/Vehicle Plan

Actions on site

Coordination Instructions

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IDRN 1300

Timeline (Consider available sunlight? When will the sun rise? When will it set?
Buffer time?)

Contingencies (What if your route is blocked? What if your vehicle breaks down?
What if the population becomes violent?

Logistics and Communications

Equipment and Supplies Plan(What did you purchase? What goes to the RATs?
The LCC? Who carries what? What vehicle does it go in? Is there enough room
in the vehicle?)

Supply Plan (What will you bring to eat/drink? How will the rations work?)

Communications (How will the teams communicate? What are the teams
expected to report to each other? What if communications fail? What is the check
in process?)

Command (Succession of command? Location of Command?)

Briefing
Now that you have completed your Operations Plan, brief it to the rest of the class. This is an
example of coordination between various participants. You may be asked to brief your plan
during a UN cluster meeting in the future. This will help prepare you to that end.

Scenario Start
With the briefing complete, it is time to begin your mission. At this time, the RAT teams and
LCC will all separate into different parts of the room or entirely different rooms. The scenario
has officially begun and the RAT teams have departed to their assessment sites in
accordance with the Operations Plan that you have written. The RAT teams and the Local
Coordination team will receive various pieces of information on Inject cards. They must
react to this information and coordinate amongst each other using cell phones or email. For
the remainder of the exercise, your instructors will act as both response partners and the
beneficiaries. Any questions, requests, or inquiries should be directed to them.

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