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AISC Design Guide, Constructability of Structural Steel Buildings, Now Available

Design professionals now have a valuable new resource on constructability:
AISC Design Guide No. 23,
C o n s t r u c t a b i l i t y o f S t r u c t u ra l S t e e l
Buildings, by David Ruby, P.E., chairman of Ruby + Associates. The publication addresses constructability as a
design concept that takes advantage of
steel materials, fabrication, and installation expertise early in the design phase.
I consider this Design Guide to be
both the culmination of
past lessons learned and
the catapult to the future
relevance of our profession, said Ruby. The
Design Guide details what
we have learned over the
past several decades in all
aspects of design and construction. It is a guide that
brings together voices
of the steel industry and
identifies the different
disciplines, tradespeople,
and skill sets required to
make a project succeed
with this philosophy. I am an ardent
believer in the value of constructability:
the integration of the design and construction processes aimed at maximizing simplicity, economy, and speed of
With the design community and
construction industry facing intense
economic pressure, the focus will be on
the bottom line, continued Ruby. All
members of the construction team will
be under increased pressure to complete
projects faster and more efficiently. Well
be called upon to thoroughly understand
holistic project issues and ask the right
questions that positively impact over-

all project objectives. By focusing on

constructability, our clients can count on
us to make their projects not only possible, but more economical.
The Design Guide highlights
constructability as a design philosophy
that helps position the structural engineering profession as an evolutionary
asset to the client and construction community. It encourages the streamlining
of the planning, design, and construction sequence using concept development, design/
BIM (building information modeling), and construction processes. The
publication covers specific areas such as: early
involvement, the design
process, issues related to
the structural steel framing, detailing and fabrication, steel erection, and
special constructability
issues (e.g., anchorage to
concrete, camber, and tolerances).
This Design Guide explores
an approach that will help all parties
to a contractowners, designers,
constructors, everybody, said Charles
J. Carter, AISC vice president and
chief structural engineer. It highlights
the benefits of early involvement and
a team-based approach, where the
constructability of the project is the
guiding motivation for design and
construction decisions. It shows how
constructability can result in more
creative and relevant solutions that bring
enhanced value to clients.
Design Guide No. 23 is available as
a free download to AISC members from


Istanbul to Host Steel Cultural and

Sustainability Symposium in 2010
The year 2010 will be a big one for Istanbul,
Turkey. Not only has it been selected
Cultural Capital of Europe for 2010, it
will also host the Annual Meetings of the
European Convention for Constructional
Steelwork (ECCS).
Both events provided the impetus for
the creation of the Steel Structures: Culture
and Sustainability 2010 International
Symposium, sponsored by ECCS and
the Turkish Constructional Steelwork
Association. The event will be a forum for

architects, designers, structural engineers,

steel fabricators and builders, urban psychologists, social planners, and environmentalists
to discuss new horizons in steel structures
in their relation to present culture, as well
as a new European vision for a better and
sustainable future. The Symposium will take
place September 20-22, 2010.
Besides design issues and research related
to steel structures, the Symposium will also
cover social and cultural aspects in the field
within the following themes:

www.aisc.org/ePubs and at a price of

$60 for nonmembers. An ePubs subscription is part of AISCs member benefits packages and includes access to
more than 10,000 pages of AISC publications in electronic format. AISC also
provides freePubs for all of its website visitors. The freePubs section comprises AISCs technical resources, such
as specifications and codes, as well as
MSC articles.

Public Review of 2010

AISC Seismic Provisions
The 2010 draft of the AISC Seismic
Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings is
available for public review from May 1 to
June 15, 2009.The Provisions are available
for download from the AISC web site
at www.aisc.org/AISC341PR1, along
with the review form, during this time.A
summary of some of the major revisions
is included with the review form. Copies
of the draft Provisions are also available
(for a $12 nominal charge) by calling
Please submit comments using
the form provided online to Cynthia
J. Duncan, director of engineering, at
duncan@aisc.org by June 15, 2009 for
Historical and Cultural Aspects
Structural Design Concepts
Sustainability: Solutions in Relation to
Society, Environment, and Economy
Urban Context
Steel Structures in Relation to Architectural
Functions and Forms (Wide-Span
Solutions, High-Rise Solutions, and
Innovative Approaches)
Structural Issues (Stability, Connections,
Constructional Issues, Ultimate Load
Design, Wind Effect, and Earthquake
Seismic Isolation and Vibration Control
Spatial Structures
Composite Solutions
Cold-Formed Steel Structures
Case Studies
Abstracts for the Symposium will be
accepted until November 9, 2009. For more
information visit www.sscs2010.com.


Second Quarter 2009 Article Abstracts

The following papers appear in the second
quarter 2009 issue of AISCs Engineering
Journal. EJ is available online (free to AISC
Members) at www.aisc.org/epubs.
Design of Unstiffened Extended SinglePlate Shear Connections
Larry S. Muir and Christopher M. Hewitt
Extended single-plate shear connections
offer many advantages that simplify the construction process. Because the connection to
the supported member is moved clear of the
support, coping of the supported member is
not required, and the only fabrication process required for the supported member is
drilling or punching.
Also, because bolted connections are
only used in the connection to the supported member, there is no safety concern
over the use of shared bolts through the
web of the support. Additionally, in some
instances, extended single-plate connections
are the only practical solution to a framing problem, such as the case of a member
framing into the weak axis of a column with
continuity plates.
The rigidity of single-plate connections at the support has always been a gray
area. Designers have often been concerned
about a considerable, unanticipated moment
that could be developed in the connection,
which could then result in either a moment
delivered to the column that the column
has not been designed to resist, or a sudden rupture of either the weld or the bolts.
Section B3.6a of the AISC Specification for
Structural Steel Buildings requires that simple
shear connections have sufficient rotational
capacity to accommodate the required beam
end rotation.
This paper will address each of these
concerns, and will present a general design
procedure for extended single-plate shear
Topics: ConnectionsSimple Shear
Experimental Evaluation of the Influence
of Connection Typology on the Behavior
of Steel Structures Under Fire
Aldina Santiago, Lus Simes da Silva,
Paulo Vila Real, Gilberto Vaz, and Antnio
Gameiro Lopes
The behavior of steel joints under fire loading
is a subject that has only recently received
special attention by the research community.
In fact, as recently as 1995, the European
pre-standard on the fire response of steel
structures deemed it unnecessary to assess the
behavior of steel joints under fire conditions.

People and Firms

This approach was supported by the

argument that there is increased thermal
mass at the joint area. However, observations from real fires show that, on several
occasions, steel joints fail, particularly their
tensile components (such as bolts or end
plates), because of the high cooling strains
induced by the distortional deformation of
the connected members.
The main objective of this paper is to
describe an experimental test program
carried out by the Department of Civil
Engineering at the University of Coimbra
on a steel sub-frame in order to evaluate the behavior of various types of steel
joints under a natural fire and transient
temperature conditions along the length
of the beam.
The tests were carried out on a purposely developed experimental installation
that could reproduce the transient temperature conditions measured in the seventh Cardington test. The results of these
tests provide invaluable evidence on how to
design joints that are able to survive a fire.
Topics: Fire And Temperature Effects;
ConnectionsMoment; Connections
Simple Shear

Friedman Industries, Inc. has opened

Shear Behavior of A325 and A490 HighStrength Bolts in Fire and Post-Fire
Liang Yu and Karl H. Frank
High-strength ASTM A325 and A490 bolts
were tested in shear at temperatures up
to 800 C (1,472 F). The shear strength
showed a gradual reduction in both types
of bolts as the temperature was increased
above 300 C (572 F). Strength reduction
factors for both types of bolts at elevated
temperatures were obtained to provide a
means of estimating the bolt shear strength
during fire.
The residual strength of A325 and
A490 bolts after exposure to elevated
temperatures was also investigated by
both direct shear tests and hardness tests.
Significant strength loss occurs on both
types of bolts after exposure to temperature higher than the tempering temperature employed in the manufacturing
process. The hardness value at 1/2R location on the bolt cross section was found
to provide a good estimate of the bolts
residual strength. The hardness test provides a simple and practical method to
assess the post-fire strength of a bolt.
Topics: Bolts; Fire and Temperature

Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates, Inc.

a steel coil processing plant in Decatur,

Ala. The facility is designed to convert
hot-rolled coils received from the adjacent Nucor Steel Company mill into
hot-rolled sheet and plate.

Thornton Tomasetti recently acquired

California-based DASSE Design, Inc.,
a structural engineering firm focused
on the health-care, education, government, and corporate sectors.

Seismic design and consulting firm

Miyamoto International has opened
a new office in Istanbul, Turkey and
has joined with Fuji Architectural and
Engineering to provide a full line of
seismic engineering services to the
region. In other news, Ed Friedrichs,
former Gensler president and CEO, has
joined Miyamotos board of directors.

Thomas Langill, Ph.D., technical director of

the American Galvanizers Association,
has received the ASTM International
Award of Meritthe highest organizational recognition for individual contributions to ASTM standards activitiesand
the accompanying title of Fellow.
has appointed Tim Allanbrook, John
Fraczek, and Terry Paretcurrently principals in its New York, Janney Technical
Center, and San Francisco units, respectivelyall to senior principal.

Chris Poland, chairman and CEO of

Degenkolb Engineers, has become a
member of the National Academy of
Engineering (NAE).

Metal deck distributor A.C.T. Metal

Deck Supply has opened its 11th distribution center, in San Antonio.

GZA GeoEnvironmental Inc., an environmental and geotechnical consulting firm, announced that Lawrence E.
Morse has been named to the position
of vice president.

The International Association for

Bridge and Structural Engineering
put its publications from 1929-1999a
body of work consisting of more than
80,000 pages of documents on structural engineering worldwideonline
for free; visit www.iabse.org.

Peddinghaus daughter company,

Structural Steel Systems Limited, has
released a new tool for fabricators to
use in the fight to keep costs down and
production running smooth: www.sssmay 2009 MODERN STEEL CONSTRUCTION 17