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Zandi Ernomo – 012

MATERIAL ADOPTION FOR ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES PROGRAM (ESP) AT
LANGUAGE CENTER OF UNIVERSITY OF MUHAMMADIYAH MALANG (LC-UMM)

1. INTRODUCTION
More than two decades ago Hutchinson (1987) mentioned that one of major roles of an ESP
teacher was writing a material. However, creating a totally new material for a language program
sometimes spends more effort and energy as compared to adopting the existing material (Brown,
1995). Furthermore, he proposed a sequence of action in terms of adopting material (table 1).
Table 1. Checklist for Adopting Textbook or Materials

A. MATERIAL BACKGROUND
B. FIT TO CURRICULUM

1.
2.
1.
2.
3.

Author’s credentials
Publisher reputation
Approach
Syllabus
Needs (general language

4.

needs; situational needs)
Goals and objectives

5.

(percentage of match; order)
Content (consistent with
techniques used in program; consistent

C. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

1.

with exercises used in program)
Layout (space; pictures and

2.

text; highlighting)
Organization (table of
contents; index; answer keys; glossary;

3.

reference potential)
Editorial qualities (content is
accurate and edited in a manner consisted
with your style; directions’ clear and easy

D. LOGISTICAL CHARACTERISTICS

E. TEACHABILITY

4.

to follow; examples clear)
Material quality (paper;

1.
2.

binding; tear out pages, and softcopy)
Price
Auxiliary parts (audiovisual

3.
1.

aids; workbooks; software; unit tests)
Availability
Teachers edition (answer key;

2.

annotations)
Reviews

act effectively and creatively. MATERIAL BACKGROUND The material is originally taken from a textbook titled Oxford Business English: English for Accounting. Table 2. There is no doubt that the content of a textbook published by Oxford incorporates ideas from several qualified several writers.3. FIT TO CURRICULUM The materials I took from the Oxford are matched with the current syllabus used in language center of University of Muhammadiyah Malang. He earned his Master’s degree in teaching ESP at Aston University. and able to apply scientific-based methods.2. Topic : Dialogue Text Social Function : To understand a written or spoken conversational exchange Text Structure Language Features (transactional dialogue) between two or more people : Amina: “How does the bag cost?” Seller: “it costs two hundred and fifty rupiahs” : (1) Simple present tense (2) Direct indirect speech (3) WH questions (4) Yes/ No questions Table 3.1. 1. Materials taken from Oxford Business English: English for Accounting book (Reading and Listening) . acceptability 1. and present the development of knowledge obtained at higher education level in concrete and abstract domains independently. reason. Evan Frendo has been a freelance business English and English for Specific Purposes teacher since 1993. One of the contents of LC-UMM syllabus Core Competence 4 : Process.

The other material from English for Accounting (Speaking) .Table 4.

Student A Student B Although LC-UMM utilizes structuralism approach (the teaching of English is divided by four skills. the material I took from Oxford seems to cover more than one skills (e. and speaking) in which listening and reading becomes a comprehensible input for productive skill. according to this view. and perhaps the only way.” Another feature that the material is suitable for ESP program at LC UMM is its authenticity. is simply to provide comprehensible input. it should be changed into more acceptable material. the Christmas party topic on speaking activity does not sit well with the Moslem culture as we know that University of Muhammadiyah Malang . For example. to teach speaking. reading. According to Krashen (1982). listening.g. listening. speaking. there is one main concern to fix. Tomlinson (2008) suggested that the materials should be designed authentically in order to accelerate learner’s language acquisition. and reading). However. that is speaking skill. those are. The material does not suitable with situation where the materials are going to be used. “the best way. particularly on speaking activity. writing. So.

is established by one of the biggest Moslem organizations in Indonesia. According to Brown 1995. Adopting Material from Oxford Business English.3.. After activity four. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS Generally. the layout is finely designed as the blank space is used effectively to help the students learn something useful as Tomlinson (2014) pointed out “ and remember that illustrations are not simply decoration – they can present and clarify information as well as aid retention of the target language.. table 3 shows material density in a single page.. that is.. Table 5. which is reading and listening.” For instance.. Muhammadiyah. “. in this case . Student A Ied Party Student B Ied Party 1. many materials that do not match the situational needs of the program (based on realities like the resources available and cultural appropriateness) can immediately be eliminated. the material writers put the ‘Did you know’ section through which the students can get in tough more with the target language.” Table 5 shows the result of material adoption from Oxford Business English book.

Heinle & Heinle Publishers. Tomlinson. Pergamon Press Inc. Developing Materials for Language Teaching. Hutchinson S. S. English language Learning Materials: A Critical Review. The Elements of Language Curriculum: A Systematic Approach to Program Development. English for Specific Purposes: A Learning Centered Approach.English number. Oxford University Press.4. Bloomsbury Publishing Plc. E & Mahoney. . Tomlinson. 2007. I think it is worth trying material to use as the book’s rating detail in goodreads. As for teachability issue. B. an online bookstore. 1987. Furthermore. Frendo. Continuum International Publishing Group. the audio for listening section is a bit difficult to download as it is quite rare to find it in any websites.5 point of 5 points. 2008. 1982. gets 4. so it is not troublesome for students and teacher to get it. S. 1. REFERENCES Brown J. 2. 1995. glossary and answer key are available in the book so that it makes things easier for both teacher and students. LOGISTICAL CHARATERISTICS AND TEACHABILITY Since the book can be downloaded freely from the internet. Oxford Business English: English for Accounting. B. However. which is almost perfect. & Waters A. Cambridge University Press Krashen. Principles and Practice in Second Language Acquisition. 2014.D.