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AGUILA FABRICACION S.A. DE C.V.

Km. +3.5 Puerto Industrial Altamira Tamps


www.giaguila.com.mx

COMPRESS Pressure Vessel Design Calculations

Item:

Tanque de DECANTADOR

Vessel No:

T-321-21

Customer:

Mexichem 1

Contract:
Designer:
Date:

Sergio Pineyro
domingo, febrero 07, 2016

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Table of Contents
General Arrangement Drawing..............................................................................................................................1/162
Deficiencies Summary............................................................................................................................................2/162
Nozzle Schedule......................................................................................................................................................3/162
Nozzle Summary.....................................................................................................................................................4/162
Pressure Summary.................................................................................................................................................5/162
Revision History......................................................................................................................................................7/162
Settings Summary...................................................................................................................................................8/162
Radiography Summary.........................................................................................................................................10/162
Thickness Summary.............................................................................................................................................11/162
Weight Summary...................................................................................................................................................12/162
Long Seam Summary...........................................................................................................................................13/162
Hydrostatic Test....................................................................................................................................................15/162
Bill of Materials......................................................................................................................................................16/162
F&D Head #2..........................................................................................................................................................18/162
Straight Flange on F&D Head #2..........................................................................................................................20/162
AGUA DMW (G).....................................................................................................................................................26/162
LT-321-214 (B).......................................................................................................................................................37/162
PSV321-213 (D)......................................................................................................................................................58/162
SALIDA DE ALCOHOL (P)....................................................................................................................................69/162
SUMINISTRO NITROGENO (C).............................................................................................................................80/162
Cylinder #1.............................................................................................................................................................91/162
MANHOLE (EH)....................................................................................................................................................101/162
Support Lugs #1..................................................................................................................................................119/162
TI-321-207 (G)......................................................................................................................................................126/162
Straight Flange on F&D Head #1........................................................................................................................137/162
F&D Head #1........................................................................................................................................................143/162
SALIDA DE PRODUCTO (E)................................................................................................................................145/162

General Arrangement Drawing

1/162

Deficiencies Summary
Deficiencies for F&D Head #1
UG-32(i): The inside crown radius (1,768.6 mm) is greater than the head skirt outside diameter (1,252.7 mm).
(Corroded)
UG-32(i): The inside knuckle radius (36.76 mm) is less than 6 percent of the head skirt outside diameter (0.06*1,252.7
mm = 75.16 mm). (Corroded)
Deficiencies for F&D Head #2
UG-32(i): The inside crown radius (1,768.6 mm) is greater than the head skirt outside diameter (1,252.7 mm).
(Corroded)
UG-32(i): The inside knuckle radius (36.76 mm) is less than 6 percent of the head skirt outside diameter (0.06*1,252.7
mm = 75.16 mm). (Corroded)

2/162

Nozzle Schedule
Specifications
Nozzle
mark

Identifier

Size

LT-321-214

NPS 4 Sch 40S (Std)


DN 100

Materials

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine
Grain

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld


pipe

No

No

No

Pad

SA-240 304

No

No

No

Flange

Blind

NPS 4 Class 150


SO A182 F304

No

SUMINISTRO
NITROGENO

NPS 1 Sch 40S (Std)


DN 25

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld


pipe

No

No

No

NPS 1 Class 150


SO A182 F304

No

PSV321-213

NPS 0.5 Sch 40S (Std)


DN 15

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld


pipe

No

No

No

NPS 1/2 Class


150
SO A182 F304

No

SALIDA DE PRODUCTO

NPS 3 Sch 40S (Std)


DN 80

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld


pipe

No

No

No

NPS 3 Class 150


SO A182 F304

No

Pad

SA-240 304

No

No

No

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld


pipe

No

No

No
NPS 20 Class 150
SO A182 F304

Pad

SA-240 304

No

No

No

NPS 20
Class
150
A182
F304

EH

MANHOLE

NPS 20 Sch 40 DN 500

AGUA DMW

NPS 2 Sch 40S (Std)


DN 50

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld


pipe

No

No

No

NPS 2 Class 150


SO A182 F304

No

TI-321-207

NPS 1.5 Sch 40S (Std)


DN 40

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld


pipe

No

No

No

NPS 1 1/2 Class


150
SO A182 F304

No

SALIDA DE ALCOHOL

NPS 2 Sch 40S (Std)


DN 50

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld


pipe

No

No

No

NPS 2 Class 150


SO A182 F304

No

3/162

Nozzle Summary
Dimensions

OD
(mm)

tn
(mm)

114.3

6.02

6.02

Yes

33.4

3.38

3.38

21.34

2.77

88.9

5.49

EH

508

Req tn
(mm)

Reinforcement
Pad

Shell

Nozzle
mark

A1?

A2?

Corr
(mm)

Aa/Ar
(%)

Width
(mm)

tpad
(mm)

12

50.8

102.9

12*

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exempt

Yes

12*

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exempt

Yes

12*

12

50.8

114.4

Yes

Yes

6.35

5.17

50.8

100.0

3.68

Yes

Yes

6.35

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exempt

3.91

3.91

Yes

Yes

12*

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exempt

3.91

3.91

Yes

Yes

12*

N/A

N/A

N/A

Exempt

Nom t
(mm)

Design t
(mm)

Yes

12*

Yes

Yes

2.77

Yes

5.49

Yes

15.09

6.88

48.26

3.68

60.33

60.33

User t
(mm)

*Head minimum thickness after forming

Definitions
tn

Nozzle thickness

Req tn

Nozzle thickness required per UG-45/UG-16


Increased for pipe to account for 12.5% pipe thickness tolerance

Nom t

Vessel wall thickness

Design t
User t

Required vessel wall thickness due to pressure + corrosion allowance per UG-37
Local vessel wall thickness (near opening)

Aa

Area available per UG-37, governing condition

Ar

Area required per UG-37, governing condition

Corr

Corrosion allowance on nozzle wall

4/162

Pressure Summary
Component Summary
P

Design
(kPa)

Design
(C)

F&D Head #2

551.58

Straight Flange on F&D Head #2


Cylinder #1

Identifier

MAWP
(kPa)

MAP
(kPa)

MDMT
(C)

MDMT
Exemption

Impact
Tested

125

731.59

753.43

-196

Note 1

No

551.58

125

1,364.04

1,404.75

-196

Note 2

No

551.58

125

610.54

1,194.04

-196

Note 2

No

Straight Flange on F&D Head #1

551.58

125

1,159.43

1,194.04

-196

Note 2

No

F&D Head #1

551.58

125

621.85

640.42

-196

Note 3

No

Support Lugs #1

551.58

125

551.58

N/A

N/A

N/A

N/A

LT-321-214 (B)

551.58

125

1,495

1,870.09

-48

Nozzle

Note 4

No

Pad

Note 5

No

SUMINISTRO NITROGENO (C)

551.58

125

1,495

1,870.09

-48

Note 4

No

PSV321-213 (D)

551.58

125

1,495

1,870.09

-48

Note 4

No

SALIDA DE PRODUCTO (E)

551.58

125

1,495

1,870.09

-48

Nozzle

Note 4

No

Pad

Note 5

No

Nozzle

Note 4

No

Pad

Note 2

MANHOLE (EH)

551.58

125

647.07

1,144.69

-48

AGUA DMW (G)

551.58

125

1,495

1,870.09

-48

Note 4

No

TI-321-207 (G)

551.58

125

718.3

1,404.76

-48

Note 4

No

SALIDA DE ALCOHOL (P)

551.58

125

1,495

1,870.09

-48

Note 4

No

No

Chamber Summary
Design MDMT

-28.89 C

Rated MDMT

-48 C @ 551.58 kPa

MAWP hot & corroded


MAP cold & new

551.58 kPa @ 125


C
640.42 kPa @ 21.11
C

(1) This pressure chamber is not designed for


external pressure.

5/162

Notes for MDMT Rating


Note #

Exemption

1.

Straight Flange governs MDMT

2.

Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196C

3.

Straight Flange governs MDMT

4.

Flange rating governs:


Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C
Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

5.

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.2947)

Details

6/162

Revision History
Revisions
No.

Date

2/ 7/2016

Operator

Notes

spineyro New vessel created ASME Section VIII Division 1 [COMPRESS 2016 Build 7600]

7/162

Settings Summary
COMPRESS 2016 Build 7600
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Units

SI

Datum Line Location

-1,600.00 mm from bottom


seam

Vessel Design Mode

Get Thickness from Pressure

Minimum thickness

1.5 mm per UG-16(b)

Design for cold shut down only

No

Design for lethal service (full radiography required)

No

Design nozzles for

Design P only

Corrosion weight loss

100% of theoretical loss

UG-23 Stress Increase

1.20

Skirt/legs stress increase

1.0

Minimum nozzle projection

152.4 mm

Juncture calculations for > 30 only

Yes

Preheat P-No 1 Materials > 1.25" and <= 1.50" thick

No

UG-37(a) shell tr calculation considers longitudinal stress

No

Cylindrical shells made from pipe are entered as minimum thickness

No

Nozzles made from pipe are entered as minimum thickness

No

ASME B16.9 fittings are entered as minimum thickness

No

Butt welds

Tapered per Figure


UCS-66.3(a)

Disallow Appendix 1-5, 1-8 calculations under 15 psi

No

Hydro/Pneumatic Test
Shop Hydrotest Pressure

1.3 times vessel MAWP

Test liquid specific gravity

1.00

Maximum stress during test

90% of yield
Required Marking - UG-116

UG-116(e) Radiography

RT4

UG-116(f) Postweld heat treatment

None
Code Cases\Interpretations

Use Code Case 2547

No

Use Code Case 2695

No

Apply interpretation VIII-1-83-66

Yes

8/162

Apply interpretation VIII-1-86-175

Yes

Apply interpretation VIII-1-01-37

Yes

Apply interpretation VIII-1-01-150

Yes

Apply interpretation VIII-1-07-50

Yes

No UCS-66.1 MDMT reduction

No

No UCS-68(c) MDMT reduction

No

Disallow UG-20(f) exemptions

No
UG-22 Loadings

UG-22(a) Internal or External Design Pressure

Yes

UG-22(b) Weight of the vessel and normal contents under operating or test
conditions

Yes

UG-22(c) Superimposed static reactions from weight of attached equipment


(external loads)

No

UG-22(d)(2) Vessel supports such as lugs, rings, skirts, saddles and legs

Yes

UG-22(f) Wind reactions

No

UG-22(f) Seismic reactions

No

UG-22(j) Test pressure and coincident static head acting during the test:

No

Note: UG-22(b),(c) and (f) loads only considered when supports are present.
License Information
License Key #

31058

Support Expires July 22, 2016

9/162

Radiography Summary
UG-116 Radiography
Longitudinal Seam
Component

F&D Head #2
Cylinder #1
F&D Head #1

Top Circumferential Seam

Mark

Radiography / Joint
Type

Radiography / Joint
Type

N/A

N/A

Full UW-11(a) / Type


1

RT1

Spot UW-11(b) / Type


1

Full UW-11(a) / Type


1

Spot UW-11(b) / Type


1

RT4

Seamless No RT

Spot UW-11(b) / Type


1

N/A

N/A

RT3

Radiography / Joint
Type

N/A

Seamless No RT

A
N/A
Nozzle

Bottom Circumferential Seam


Category
(Fig
UW-3)

Category
(Fig
UW-3)

Category
(Fig
UW-3)

Longitudinal Seam

Nozzle to Vessel Circumferential


Seam

Nozzle free end Circumferential


Seam

PSV321-213 (D)

N/A

Welded pipe

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

SUMINISTRO NITROGENO (C)

N/A

Welded pipe

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

LT-321-214 (B)

N/A

Welded pipe

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

SALIDA DE ALCOHOL (P)

N/A

Welded pipe

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

AGUA DMW (G)

N/A

Welded pipe

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

TI-321-207 (G)

N/A

Welded pipe

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

MANHOLE (EH)

N/A

Welded pipe

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

SALIDA DE PRODUCTO (E)

N/A

Welded pipe

N/A / Type 7

N/A

N/A

Nozzle Flange

Longitudinal Seam

Flange Face

Nozzle to Flange Circumferential


Seam

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to


PSV321-213 (D)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

N/A

N/A

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to


SUMINISTRO NITROGENO (C)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

N/A

N/A

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to


LT-321-214 (B)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

N/A

N/A

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to SALIDA


DE ALCOHOL (P)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

N/A

N/A

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to AGUA


DMW (G)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

N/A

N/A

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to


TI-321-207 (G)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

N/A

N/A

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to


MANHOLE (EH)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

N/A

N/A

ASME B16.5/16.47 flange attached to SALIDA


DE PRODUCTO (E)

N/A

Seamless No RT

N/A

N/A / Gasketed

N/A

N/A

Interpretation VIII-1 01-150 has been applied.


UG-116(e) Required Marking:

RT4

10/162

Thickness Summary
Component Data
Component
Identifier

Material

Diameter
(mm)

Length
(mm)

Nominal t
(mm)

Design t
(mm)

Total Corrosion
(mm)

Joint
E

Load

F&D Head #2

SA-240 304

1,240 ID

149.92

12*

9.05

1.00

Internal

Straight Flange on F&D Head #2

SA-240 304

1,240 ID

50.8

6.35

2.56

1.00

Internal

Cylinder #1

SA-240 304

1,240 ID

2,500

6.35

6.03

0.85

Internal

Straight Flange on F&D Head #1

SA-240 304

1,240 ID

50.8

6.35

3.01

0.85

Internal

F&D Head #1

SA-240 304

1,240 ID

149.92

12*

10.65

0.85

Internal

*Head minimum thickness after forming

Definitions
Nominal t

Vessel wall nominal thickness

Design t

Required vessel thickness due to governing loading + corrosion

Joint E

Longitudinal seam joint efficiency


Load

Internal

Circumferential stress due to internal pressure governs

External

External pressure governs

Wind

Combined longitudinal stress of pressure + weight + wind


governs

Seismic

Combined longitudinal stress of pressure + weight + seismic


governs

11/162

Weight Summary
Weight (kg) Contributed by Vessel Elements
Operating
Liquid

Piping
Insulation
Metal
Metal
Lining
Insulation
+ Liquid
Supports
New* Corroded

Component

Test Liquid

New Corroded

Surface Area
m2

New

Corroded

F&D Head #2

139.4

139.4

163.4

163.4

1.6

Cylinder #1

488.5

258.4

3,041.3

3,070.5

9.63

F&D Head #1

140.5

140.5

161.2

161.2

1.61

Support Lugs #1

18.5

18.5

0.54

TOTAL:

786.9

556.7

3,365.9

3,395.1

13.38

*Shells with attached nozzles have weight reduced by material cut out for opening.

Weight (kg) Contributed by Attachments


Nozzles &
Flanges

Body Flanges

Component

New Corroded

New

Packed Ladders &


Beds
Platforms

Trays

Tray
Supports

Rings & Vertical Surface Area


Clips
Loads
m2

Corroded

F&D Head #2

21.6

21.6

0.28

Cylinder #1

269.2

267.8

0.91

F&D Head #1

7.6

7.6

0.07

TOTAL:

298.3

296.9

1.26

Vessel Totals
New

Corroded

Operating Weight (kg)

1,085

854

Empty Weight (kg)

1,085

854

Test Weight (kg)

4,451

4,249

Surface Area (m 2)

14.65

Capacity** (liters)

3,340

3,369

**The vessel capacity does not include


volume of nozzle, piping or other
attachments.

Vessel Lift Condition


Vessel Lift Weight, New (kg)
Center of Gravity from Datum (mm)

1,085
2,924.4

12/162

Long Seam Summary


Shell Long Seam
Angles
Component Seam 1
Cylinder #1

Shell Plate Lengths


Component
Cylinder #1

Starting
Plate 1
Angle
0

3,915.52 mm

Notes

1) Plate Lengths use the circumference of the vessel based on the mid diameter of the components.
2) North is located at 0

13/162

Shell Rollout

14/162

Hydrostatic Test
Horizontal shop hydrostatic test based on MAWP per UG-99(b)

Gauge pressure at 21.11C = 1.3*MAWP*LSR


= 1.3*551.58*1.0263
= 735.91 kPa
Horizontal shop hydrostatic test
Identifier

Local test Test liquid UG-99(b) UG-99(b)


pressure static head
stress
pressure
(kPa)
(kPa)
ratio
factor

F&D Head #2

748.06

12.15

1.0299

1.30

Straight Flange on F&D Head #2

748.06

12.15

1.0299

1.30

Cylinder #1

748.06

12.15

1.0299

1.30

Straight Flange on F&D Head #1

748.06

12.15

1.0299

1.30

F&D Head #1

748.06

12.15

1.0299

1.30

AGUA DMW (G) (1)

738.85

2.94

1.0263

1.30

LT-321-214 (B)

740.53

4.62

1.0263

1.30

MANHOLE (EH)

744.33

8.42

1.0263

1.30

PSV321-213 (D)

744.03

8.11

1.0263

1.30

SALIDA DE ALCOHOL (P)

742.25

6.33

1.0263

1.30

SALIDA DE PRODUCTO (E)

742.37

6.46

1.0263

1.30

SUMINISTRO NITROGENO (C)

738.72

2.81

1.0263

1.30

TI-321-207 (G)

745.15

9.24

1.0263

1.30

(1) AGUA DMW (G) limits the UG-99(b) stress ratio.


(2) The zero degree angular position is assumed to be up, and the test
liquid height is assumed to the top-most flange.
The field test condition has not been investigated.

15/162

Bill of Materials
Heads / Covers
Item #

Type

Material

Thk [mm]

Dia. [mm]

Wt. [kg] (ea.)

Qty

H1

F&D Head

SA-240 304

12 (min.)

1,240 ID

141

H2

ASME B16.5/B16.47 Blind NPS 20 Class 150

A182 F304

42.93

698.5 OD

145.6

Shells
Item #

Type

Material

Thk [mm]

Dia. [mm]

Length [mm]

Wt. [kg] (ea.)

Qty

S1

Cylinder

SA-240 304

6.35

1,240 ID

2,500

498.9

Nozzles
Item #

Type

Material

NPS

Thk [mm]

Dia. [mm]

Length [mm]

Wt. [kg]

Noz1

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe

NPS 0.5 Sch 40S (Std) DN 15

2.77

21.34 OD

164

0.2

Noz2

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe

NPS 1 Sch 40S (Std) DN 25

3.38

33.4 OD

356

0.9

Noz3

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe

NPS 4 Sch 40S (Std) DN 100

6.02

114.3 OD

279

6.1

Noz4

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe

NPS 2 Sch 40S (Std) DN 50

3.91

60.33 OD

468

2.6

Noz5

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe

NPS 1.5 Sch 40S (Std) DN 40

3.68

48.26 OD

155

0.6

Noz6

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe

NPS 20 Sch 40 DN 500

15.09

508 OD

223

46.7

Noz7

Nozzle

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe

NPS 3 Sch 40S (Std) DN 80

5.49

88.9 OD

232

3.9

Flanges
Item #

Type

Material

NPS

Dia. [mm]

Wt. [kg] (ea.)

Qty

AF1

ASME B16.5 Slip On - Class 150

A182 F304

AF2

ASME B16.5 Slip On - Class 150

A182 F304

0.5

88.9 x 22.35

0.5

1.0

107.95 x 34.54

0.9

AF3

ASME B16.5 Slip On - Class 150

A182 F304

228.6 x 116.08

5.9

AF4

ASME B16.5 Slip On - Class 150

A182 F304

2.0

152.4 x 61.98

2.3

AF5

ASME B16.5 Slip On - Class 150

A182 F304

1.5

127 x 49.53

1.4

AF6

ASME B16.5 Slip On - Class 150

A182 F304

20

698.5 x 513.08

74.8

AF7

ASME B16.5 Slip On - Class 150

A182 F304

3.0

190.5 x 90.68

3.6

Gaskets
Item #

Type

Size [mm]

Thk [mm]

Qty

G1

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel

N.A.

N.A.

G2

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel

584.2 x 513.08

4.44

16/162

Fasteners
Item #

Description

Material

Length [mm]

Qty

FB1

1/2" series 8 bolt

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64

51

FB2

1/2" series 8 bolt

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64

57

FB3

5/8" series 8 bolt

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64

76

12

FB4

5/8" series 8 bolt

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64

70

FB5

1/2" series 8 bolt

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64

64

FB6

1-1/8" series 8 bolt

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64

133

20

SB1

3/8" series 8 bolt

Support Lug bolt material

All listed flange bolts require associated nuts and washers in accordance with Division 1, UCS-11.
Plates
Item #

Material

Thk [mm]

Wt. [kg]

Qty [ m^2]

Plate1

SA-240 304

72.8

0.36

Unspecified material

9.52

18.5

0.2477

Plate1 - Note: Applies to nozzle pad


Plate2

Plate2 - Note: Applies to support lug plates

17/162

F&D Head #2
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

F&D Head

Material

SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 43)

Attached To

Cylinder #1

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

551.58

Design
MDMT (C)

125

-28.89

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Test horizontal

12.15

1,240

Dimensions
Inner Diameter

1,240 mm

Crown Radius L

1,768.6 mm

Knuckle Radius r

36.76 mm

Minimum Thickness

12 mm

Inner

0 mm

Outer

0 mm

Corrosion

Length Lsf

50.8 mm

Nominal Thickness tsf

6.35 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)1

Capacity (liters)1

New

139.39

160.41

Corroded

139.39

160.41

Radiography

Category A joints

Seamless No RT

Head to shell seam

Full UW-11(a) Type 1

includes straight flange

18/162

Results Summary
Governing condition

internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 0 mm = 1.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

9.05 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

731.59 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

753.43 kPa

Straight Flange governs MDMT

-196C

Note: Endnote 90 used to determine allowable stress.


Factor M
M = 1/4*[3 + (L / r)1/2]
Corroded M = 1/4*[3 + (1,768.6 / 36.76)1/2]

2.4842

M = 1/4*[3 + (1,768.6 / 36.76)1/2]

2.4842

New

Design thickness for internal pressure, (Corroded at 125 C) Appendix 1-4(d)


t

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P) + Corrosion


551.58*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.58) + 0
9.05 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (Corroded at 125 C) Appendix 1-4(d)


P

=
=
=

2*S*E*t / (L*M + 0.2*t) - Ps


2*134,000*1*12 / (1,768.6*2.4842 + 0.2*12) - 0
731.59 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (New at 21.11 C) Appendix 1-4(d)


P

=
2*S*E*t / (L*M + 0.2*t) - Ps
=
2*138,000*1*12 / (1,768.6*2.4842 + 0.2*12) - 0
=
753.43 kPa
% Forming strain - UHA-44(a)(2)
EFE =
=
=

(75*t / Rf)*(1 - Rf / Ro)


(75*6.35 / 39.93)*(1 - 39.93 / infinity)
11.9268%

19/162

Straight Flange on F&D Head #2


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

Cylinder

Material

SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 43)

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

551.58

Design
MDMT (C)

125

-28.89

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Test horizontal

12.15

1,240

Dimensions
Inner Diameter

1,240 mm

Length

50.8 mm

Nominal Thickness

6.35 mm

Corrosion

Inner

0 mm

Outer

0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)

Capacity (liters)

New

10.14

61.35

Corroded

10.14

61.35

Radiography
Longitudinal seam

Seamless No RT

Bottom Circumferential
seam

Full UW-11(a) Type 1

20/162

Results Summary
Governing condition

Internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 0 mm = 1.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

2.56 mm

Design thickness due to combined loadings + corrosion

1.27 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

1,364.04 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

1,404.75 kPa

Rated MDMT

-196 C
UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements

Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.
Design thickness, (at 125 C) UG-27(c)(1)
t

= P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 551.58*620 / (134,000*1.00 - 0.60*551.58) + 0
= 2.56 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 125 C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

= S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 134,000*1.00*6.35 / (620 + 0.60*6.35) - 0
= 1,364.04 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

= S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*1.00*6.35 / (620 + 0.60*6.35)
= 1,404.75 kPa

% Forming strain - UHA-44(a)(2)


EFE =
=
=

(50*t / Rf)*(1 - Rf / Ro)


(50*6.35 / 623.18)*(1 - 623.18 / infinity)
0.5095%

21/162

Thickness Required Due to Pressure + External Loads


Pressure P (
kPa)

Condition

Allowable
Stress Before
UG-23 Stress
Increase (
MPa)

Temperature (
C)

Corrosion C
(mm)

Load

Req'd Thk Due to


Tension (mm)

Req'd Thk Due


to
Compression
(mm)

St

Sc

Operating, Hot & Corroded

551.58

134

57.63

125

Weight

1.27

1.27

Operating, Hot & New

551.58

134

57.63

125

Weight

1.27

1.27

134

57.63

125

Weight

0.01

0.01

Hot Shut Down, Corroded


Hot Shut Down, New

134

57.63

125

Weight

0.01

0.01

Empty, Corroded

138

68.14

21.11

Weight

0.01

0.01

Empty, New

138

68.14

21.11

Weight

0.01

0.01

Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Weight &


Eccentric Moments Only

134

57.63

125

Weight

0.01

0.01

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 6.35)
= 0.001267
B
= 57.63 MPa
S

134 / 1.00 = 134 MPa

ScHC

min(B, S) = 57.63 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN
= ScHC
= 57.63 MPa
Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 6.35)
= 0.001267
B
= 68.14 MPa
S

138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

ScCN

min(B, S) = 68.14 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC
= ScCN
= 68.14 MPa
Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table
HA-1 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 6.35)
= 0.001267
B
= 68.14 MPa
S

138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

22/162

ScVC

min(B, S) = 68.14 MPa

Operating, Hot & Corroded, Bottom Seam


tp = P*R / (2*St*Ks*Ec + 0.40*|P|)
(Pressure)
= 551.58*620 / (2*134,000*1.00*1.00 + 0.40*|551.58|)
= 1.27 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 56.7 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 161 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 1.27 + 0 - (0)
= 1.27 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (1.27)|
= 1.27 mm

(total, net tensile)

Maximum allowable working pressure, Longitudinal Stress


P = 2*St*Ks*Ec*(t - tm + tw) / (R - 0.40*(t - tm + tw))
= 2*134,000*1.00*1.00*(6.35 - 0 + (0)) / (620 - 0.40*(6.35 - 0 + (0)))
= 2,757.29 kPa
Operating, Hot & New, Bottom Seam
tp = P*R / (2*St*Ks*Ec + 0.40*|P|)
(Pressure)
= 551.58*620 / (2*134,000*1.00*1.00 + 0.40*|551.58|)
= 1.27 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 56.7 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 161 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 1.27 + 0 - (0)
= 1.27 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (1.27)|
= 1.27 mm

(total, net tensile)

Maximum allowable working pressure, Longitudinal Stress


P = 2*St*Ks*Ec*(t - tm + tw) / (R - 0.40*(t - tm + tw))
= 2*134,000*1.00*1.00*(6.35 - 0 + (0)) / (620 - 0.40*(6.35 - 0 + (0)))

23/162

= 2,757.29 kPa
Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Bottom Seam
tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 56.7 / (*623.172*57,629.96*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 161 / (2**623.17*57,629.96*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = |tp + tm - tw|
= |0 + 0 - (0.01)|
= 0.01 mm

(total, net compressive)

tc = tmc + twc - tpc


= 0 + (0.01) - (0)
= 0.01 mm

(total required, compressive)

Hot Shut Down, New, Bottom Seam


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 56.7 / (*623.172*57,629.96*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 161 / (2**623.17*57,629.96*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = |tp + tm - tw|
= |0 + 0 - (0.01)|
= 0.01 mm

(total, net compressive)

tc = tmc + twc - tpc


= 0 + (0.01) - (0)
= 0.01 mm

(total required, compressive)

Empty, Corroded, Bottom Seam


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 56.7 / (*623.172*68,142.43*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 161 / (2**623.17*68,142.43*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = |tp + tm - tw|
= |0 + 0 - (0.01)|
= 0.01 mm

(total, net compressive)

tc = tmc + twc - tpc

(total required, compressive)

24/162

= 0 + (0.01) - (0)
= 0.01 mm
Empty, New, Bottom Seam
tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 56.7 / (*623.172*68,142.43*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 161 / (2**623.17*68,142.43*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = |tp + tm - tw|
= |0 + 0 - (0.01)|
= 0.01 mm

(total, net compressive)

tc = tmc + twc - tpc


= 0 + (0.01) - (0)
= 0.01 mm

(total required, compressive)

Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Weight & Eccentric Moments Only, Bottom Seam
tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 56.7 / (*623.172*57,629.96*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 161 / (2**623.17*57,629.96*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = |tp + tm - tw|
= |0 + 0 - (0.01)|
= 0.01 mm

(total, net compressive)

tc = tmc + twc - tpc


= 0 + (0.01) - (0)
= 0.01 mm

(total required, compressive)

25/162

AGUA DMW (G)


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

F&D Head #2

Orientation

30

End of nozzle to datum line

4,500 mm

Calculated as hillside

Yes

Distance to head center, R

400 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 2 Sch 40S (Std) DN 50

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe (II-D Metric p. 90, ln. 11)

Inside diameter, new

52.5 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

3.91 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

3.42 mm

Corrosion allowance

0 mm

Opening chord length

53.9 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

234.2 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

238.11 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

12 mm

Liquid static head included

0 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

26/162

Inner fillet, Leg41

7 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

3 mm

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 2 Class 150 SO A182 F304

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-48C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,495 kPa @ 125C

MAP rating

1,900 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

2,900 kPa @ 21.11C

External fillet weld leg (UW-21)

7.87 mm (5.48 mm min)

Internal fillet weld leg (UW-21)

3.91 mm (3.91 mm min)

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No
Gasket

Description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel
Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 551.58*26.25 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*551.58) =

0.12 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.12*1 / (3.42 - 0) =

0.0363

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.0363)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

27/162

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 551.58 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.42

3.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.74

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.74

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(53.9, 26.95 + (3.91 - 0) + (12 - 0))
53.9 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.91 - 0) + 0)
=
9.78 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*26.25 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
0.11 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.5806*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.5806)
3.64 mm

28/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.58*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.58)
9.05 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.91 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.74 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*26.25 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 0
0.13 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.13 , 0 ]
0.13 mm

tb1

9.04 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 9.04 , 1.5 ]
9.04 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.42 , 9.04 ]
3.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.13 , 3.42 ]
3.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.91 = 3.42 mm

29/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

30/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAWP.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,495 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.42

3.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.74

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.74

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,495 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(53.9, 26.95 + (3.91 - 0) + (12 - 0))
53.9 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.91 - 0) + 0)
=
9.78 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,495.0015*26.25 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015)
0.29 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495.0015*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495.0015)
9.88 mm

31/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495)
24.54 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.91 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.74 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,495.0015*26.25 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015) + 0
0.35 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.35 , 0 ]
0.35 mm

tb1

24.54 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 24.54 , 1.5 ]
24.54 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.42 , 24.54 ]
3.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.35 , 3.42 ]
3.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.91 = 3.42 mm

32/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

33/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.42

3.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.74

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.74

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(53.9, 26.95 + (3.91 - 0) + (12 - 0))
53.9 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.91 - 0) + 0)
=
9.78 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,870.0892*26.25 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892)
0.36 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.0892*1,768.6*1 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.0892)
12 mm

34/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.09*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.09)
29.81 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.91 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.74 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,870.0892*26.25 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892) + 0
0.42 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.42 , 0 ]
0.42 mm

tb1

29.81 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 29.81 , 1.5 ]
29.81 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.42 , 29.81 ]
3.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.42 , 3.42 ]
3.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.91 = 3.42 mm

35/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

36/162

LT-321-214 (B)
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

F&D Head #2

Orientation

300

End of nozzle to datum line

4,500 mm

Calculated as hillside

Yes

Distance to head center, R

400 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 4 Sch 40S (Std) DN 100

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe (II-D Metric p. 90, ln. 11)

Inside diameter, new

102.26 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

6.02 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

5.27 mm

Corrosion allowance

0 mm

Opening chord length

104.98 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

226.58 mm

Internal projection, hnew

14 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

232.6 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

12 mm

Liquid static head included

0 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

37/162

Reinforcing Pad
Material specification

SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 43)

Diameter, Dp

218.9 mm

Thickness, te

7 mm

Is split

No
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

7 mm

Outer fillet, Leg42

6.35 mm

Lower fillet, Leg43

14 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

5 mm

Pad groove weld

7 mm

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 4 Class 150 SO A182 F304

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-48C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,495 kPa @ 125C

MAP rating

1,900 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

2,900 kPa @ 21.11C

External fillet weld leg (UW-21)

8.43 mm (8.43 mm min)

Internal fillet weld leg (UW-21)

6.02 mm (6 mm min)

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No
Gasket

Description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel
Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

38/162

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 551.58*51.13 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*551.58) =

0.24 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.24*1 / (5.27 - 0) =

0.0459

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.0459)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.


UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Pad
tr = 551.58*1,768.6*1 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*551.58) =

3.54 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.54*1 / (12 - 0) =

0.2947

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.2947)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

39/162

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

A
required

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A
welds

A5

3.8229 21.9585 8.7748 2.5619 1.6855 6.4859 2.4503

treq

tmin

5.27

5.27

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W1-1

Weld load
W2-2

Path 2-2
strength

Weld load
W3-3

Path 3-3
strength

-52,871 127,811 225,071 109,110 424,254 196,021 372,791


UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

4.21

4.9

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

3.5

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

4.21

9.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

4.21

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(104.98, 52.49 + (6.02 - 0) + (12 - 0))
104.98 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(6.02 - 0) + 7)
22.05 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(14, 2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(6.02 - 0 - 0))
14 mm

40/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*51.13 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
0.21 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)
=
551.5806*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.5806)
=
3.64 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.58*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.58)
9.05 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 134, Sv = 134, Sp = 134 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(104.98*3.64*1 + 2*6.02*3.64*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
3.8229 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 8.7748 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(104.98*(1*12 - 1*3.64) - 2*6.02*(1*12 - 1*3.64)*(1 - 1)) / 100
8.7748 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(12 + 6.02)*(1*12 - 1*3.64) - 2*6.02*(1*12 - 1*3.64)*(1 - 1)) / 100
3.0123 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 2.5619 cm2


=
=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t
(5*(6.02 - 0.21)*1*12) / 100

41/162

3.4852 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(6.02 - 0.21)*(2.5*6.02 + 7)*1) / 100
2.5619 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 1.6855 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*12*6.02*1) / 100
3.6119 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*6.02*6.02*1) / 100
1.8119 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*14*6.02*1) / 100
1.6855 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(72*1) / 100
0.4903 cm2

A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(02*1) / 100
0 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)


A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(142*1) / 100
1.96 cm2

A5

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((209.96 - 117.3)*7*1) / 100
6.4859 cm2

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


8.7748 + 2.5619 + 1.6855 + 0.4903 + 0 + 1.96 + 6.4859
21.9585 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

42/162

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 6.02 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 7 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 3.5 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 6.02 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*14 = 9.8 mm
Lower groove: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 6.02 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tw(actual) = 5 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*51.13 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 0
0.25 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.25 , 0 ]
0.25 mm

tb1

9.04 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 9.04 , 1.5 ]
9.04 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 5.27 , 9.04 ]
5.27 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.25 , 5.27 ]
5.27 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*6.02 = 5.27 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

43/162

Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)


Groove weld in tension:
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:
Outer fillet weld in shear:
Upper groove weld in tension:
Lower fillet weld in shear:
Strength of welded joints:

0.74*134 =
0.7*114 =
0.49*114 =
0.49*134 =
0.74*134 =
0.49*114 =

99.16 MPa
79.8 MPa
55.86 MPa
65.66 MPa
99.16 MPa
55.86 MPa

(1) Inner fillet weld in shear


( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*114.3*7*55.86 = 70,204.53 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*218.9*6.35*65.66 = 143,364.98 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*108.28*6.02*79.8 = 81,706 N
(4) Groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*114.3*5*99.16 = 89,016.94 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*114.3*14*55.86 = 140,409.06 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*114.3*7*99.16 = 124,623.72 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(382.2884 - 877.4821 + 2*6.02*1*(1*12 - 1*3.64))*134
-52,871.3 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(256.193 + 648.585 + 49.0322 + 0)*134
127,810.58 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(256.193 + 168.5544 + 49.0322 + 195.9996 + 2*6.02*12*1)*134
109,110.1 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(256.193 + 168.5544 + 648.585 + 49.0322 + 0 + 195.9996 + 2*6.02*12*1)*134
196,020.51 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = -52,871.3 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 143,364.98 + 81,706 = 225,070.98 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

44/162

Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = -52,871.3 N


Path 2-2 through (1), (4), (5), (6) = 70,204.53 + 89,016.94 + 140,409.06 + 124,623.72 = 424,254.26 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = -52,871.3 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (4), (5) = 143,364.98 + 89,016.94 + 140,409.06 = 372,790.98 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

45/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAWP.

A
required

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,495 kPa @ 125 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

10.3685 15.252 2.229 2.4013 1.6855 6.4859 2.4503

treq

tmin

5.27

5.27

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W1-1

Weld load
W2-2

Path 2-2
strength

Weld load
W3-3

Path 3-3
strength

112,494 125,658 225,071 106,957 424,254 193,868 372,791


UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

4.21

4.9

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

3.5

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

4.21

9.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

4.21

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,495 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(104.98, 52.49 + (6.02 - 0) + (12 - 0))
104.98 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(6.02 - 0) + 7)
22.05 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(14, 2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(6.02 - 0 - 0))
14 mm

46/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,495.0015*51.13 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015)
0.57 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)
=
1,495.0015*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495.0015)
=
9.88 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495)
24.54 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 134, Sv = 134, Sp = 134 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(104.98*9.88*1 + 2*6.02*9.88*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
10.3685 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 2.229 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(104.98*(1*12 - 1*9.88) - 2*6.02*(1*12 - 1*9.88)*(1 - 1)) / 100
2.229 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(12 + 6.02)*(1*12 - 1*9.88) - 2*6.02*(1*12 - 1*9.88)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0.7652 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 2.4013 cm2


=
=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t
(5*(6.02 - 0.57)*1*12) / 100

47/162

3.2677 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(6.02 - 0.57)*(2.5*6.02 + 7)*1) / 100
2.4013 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 1.6855 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*12*6.02*1) / 100
3.6119 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*6.02*6.02*1) / 100
1.8119 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*14*6.02*1) / 100
1.6855 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(72*1) / 100
0.4903 cm2

A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(02*1) / 100
0 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)


A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(142*1) / 100
1.96 cm2

A5

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((209.96 - 117.3)*7*1) / 100
6.4859 cm2

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


2.229 + 2.4013 + 1.6855 + 0.4903 + 0 + 1.96 + 6.4859
15.252 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

48/162

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 6.02 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 7 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 3.5 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 6.02 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*14 = 9.8 mm
Lower groove: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 6.02 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tw(actual) = 5 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,495.0015*51.13 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015) + 0
0.68 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.68 , 0 ]
0.68 mm

tb1

24.54 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 24.54 , 1.5 ]
24.54 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 5.27 , 24.54 ]
5.27 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.68 , 5.27 ]
5.27 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*6.02 = 5.27 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

49/162

Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)


Groove weld in tension:
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:
Outer fillet weld in shear:
Upper groove weld in tension:
Lower fillet weld in shear:
Strength of welded joints:

0.74*134 =
0.7*114 =
0.49*114 =
0.49*134 =
0.74*134 =
0.49*114 =

99.16 MPa
79.8 MPa
55.86 MPa
65.66 MPa
99.16 MPa
55.86 MPa

(1) Inner fillet weld in shear


( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*114.3*7*55.86 = 70,204.53 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*218.9*6.35*65.66 = 143,364.98 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*108.28*6.02*79.8 = 81,706 N
(4) Groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*114.3*5*99.16 = 89,016.94 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*114.3*14*55.86 = 140,409.06 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*114.3*7*99.16 = 124,623.72 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(1,036.8476 - 222.9028 + 2*6.02*1*(1*12 - 1*9.88))*134
112,494.01 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(240.1286 + 648.585 + 49.0322 + 0)*134
125,657.94 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(240.1286 + 168.5544 + 49.0322 + 195.9996 + 2*6.02*12*1)*134
106,957.46 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(240.1286 + 168.5544 + 648.585 + 49.0322 + 0 + 195.9996 + 2*6.02*12*1)*134
193,867.86 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = 112,494.01 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 143,364.98 + 81,706 = 225,070.98 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

50/162

Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = 106,957.46 N


Path 2-2 through (1), (4), (5), (6) = 70,204.53 + 89,016.94 + 140,409.06 + 124,623.72 = 424,254.26 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W2-2 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = 112,494.01 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (4), (5) = 143,364.98 + 89,016.94 + 140,409.06 = 372,790.98 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

51/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

A
required

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
available

A1

12.5971 12.9682

--

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

2.3464 1.6855 6.4859 2.4503

treq

tmin

5.27

5.27

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W1-1

Weld load
W2-2

Path 2-2
strength

Weld load
W3-3

Path 3-3
strength

173,840 128,652 231,501 109,393 436,174 198,898 383,423


UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

4.21

4.9

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

3.5

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

4.21

9.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

4.21

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(104.98, 52.49 + (6.02 - 0) + (12 - 0))
104.98 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(6.02 - 0) + 7)
22.05 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(14, 2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(6.02 - 0 - 0))
14 mm

52/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,870.0892*51.13 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892)
0.7 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)
=
1,870.0892*1,768.6*1 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.0892)
=
12 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.09*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.09)
29.81 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 138, Sv = 138, Sp = 138 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(104.98*12*1 + 2*6.02*12*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
12.5971 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 0 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(104.98*(1*12 - 1*12) - 2*6.02*(1*12 - 1*12)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(12 + 6.02)*(1*12 - 1*12) - 2*6.02*(1*12 - 1*12)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 2.3464 cm2


=
=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t
(5*(6.02 - 0.7)*1*12) / 100

53/162

3.1929 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(6.02 - 0.7)*(2.5*6.02 + 7)*1) / 100
2.3464 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 1.6855 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*12*6.02*1) / 100
3.6119 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*6.02*6.02*1) / 100
1.8119 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*14*6.02*1) / 100
1.6855 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(72*1) / 100
0.4903 cm2

A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(02*1) / 100
0 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)


A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(142*1) / 100
1.96 cm2

A5

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((209.96 - 117.3)*7*1) / 100
6.4859 cm2

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


0 + 2.3464 + 1.6855 + 0.4903 + 0 + 1.96 + 6.4859
12.9682 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

54/162

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 6.02 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 7 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 3.5 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 6.02 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*14 = 9.8 mm
Lower groove: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 6.02 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 4.21 mm
tw(actual) = 5 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,870.0892*51.13 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892) + 0
0.83 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.83 , 0 ]
0.83 mm

tb1

29.81 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 29.81 , 1.5 ]
29.81 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 5.27 , 29.81 ]
5.27 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.83 , 5.27 ]
5.27 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*6.02 = 5.27 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

55/162

Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)


Groove weld in tension:
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:
Outer fillet weld in shear:
Upper groove weld in tension:
Lower fillet weld in shear:
Strength of welded joints:

0.74*138 =
0.7*117 =
0.49*117 =
0.49*138 =
0.74*138 =
0.49*117 =

102.12 MPa
81.9 MPa
57.33 MPa
67.62 MPa
102.12 MPa
57.33 MPa

(1) Inner fillet weld in shear


( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*114.3*7*57.33 = 72,052.02 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*218.9*6.35*67.62 = 147,644.53 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*108.28*6.02*81.9 = 83,856.15 N
(4) Groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*114.3*5*102.12 = 91,674.17 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*114.3*14*57.33 = 144,104.03 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*114.3*7*102.12 = 128,343.83 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(1,259.7092 - 0 + 2*6.02*1*(1*12 - 1*12))*138
173,840.36 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(234.6447 + 648.585 + 49.0322 + 0)*138
128,652.15 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(234.6447 + 168.5544 + 49.0322 + 195.9996 + 2*6.02*12*1)*138
109,393.45 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(234.6447 + 168.5544 + 648.585 + 49.0322 + 0 + 195.9996 + 2*6.02*12*1)*138
198,898.19 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = 128,652.15 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 147,644.53 + 83,856.15 = 231,500.69 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W1-1 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).

56/162

Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = 109,393.45 N


Path 2-2 through (1), (4), (5), (6) = 72,052.02 + 91,674.17 + 144,104.03 + 128,343.83 = 436,174.05 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W2-2 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = 173,840.36 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (4), (5) = 147,644.53 + 91,674.17 + 144,104.03 = 383,422.73 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

57/162

PSV321-213 (D)
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

F&D Head #2

Orientation

240

End of nozzle to datum line

4,407.02 mm

Calculated as hillside

Yes

Distance to head center, R

400 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 0.5 Sch 40S (Std) DN 15

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe (II-D Metric p. 90, ln. 11)

Inside diameter, new

15.8 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

2.77 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

2.42 mm

Corrosion allowance

0 mm

Opening chord length

16.22 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

146.62 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

149.39 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

12 mm

Liquid static head included

0 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

58/162

Inner fillet, Leg41

7 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

3 mm

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 0.5 Class 150 SO A182 F304

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-48C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,495 kPa @ 125C

MAP rating

1,900 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

2,900 kPa @ 21.11C

External fillet weld leg (UW-21)

3.94 mm (3.88 mm min)

Internal fillet weld leg (UW-21)

2.77 mm (2.77 mm min)

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No
Gasket

Description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel
Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 551.58*7.9 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*551.58) =

0.0373 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.0373*1 / (2.42 - 0) =

0.0154

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.0154)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

59/162

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 551.58 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

2.42

2.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

1.94

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

1.94

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(16.22, 8.11 + (2.77 - 0) + (12 - 0))
22.88 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(2.77 - 0) + 0)
=
6.92 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*7.9 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
0.033 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.5806*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.5806)
3.64 mm

60/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.58*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.58)
9.05 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 2.77 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 1.94 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*7.9 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 0
0.0381 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.0381 , 0 ]
0.0381 mm

tb1

9.04 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 9.04 , 1.5 ]
9.04 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 2.42 , 9.04 ]
2.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.0381 , 2.42 ]
2.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*2.77 = 2.42 mm

61/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

62/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAWP.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,495 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

2.42

2.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

1.94

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

1.94

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,495 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(16.22, 8.11 + (2.77 - 0) + (12 - 0))
22.88 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(2.77 - 0) + 0)
=
6.92 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,495.0015*7.9 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015)
0.0889 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495.0015*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495.0015)
9.88 mm

63/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495)
24.54 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 2.77 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 1.94 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,495.0015*7.9 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015) + 0
0.1 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.1 , 0 ]
0.1 mm

tb1

24.54 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 24.54 , 1.5 ]
24.54 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 2.42 , 24.54 ]
2.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.1 , 2.42 ]
2.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*2.77 = 2.42 mm

64/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

65/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

2.42

2.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

1.94

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

1.94

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(16.22, 8.11 + (2.77 - 0) + (12 - 0))
22.88 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(2.77 - 0) + 0)
=
6.92 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,870.0892*7.9 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892)
0.11 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.0892*1,768.6*1 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.0892)
12 mm

66/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.09*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.09)
29.81 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 2.77 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 1.94 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,870.0892*7.9 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892) + 0
0.13 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.13 , 0 ]
0.13 mm

tb1

29.81 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 29.81 , 1.5 ]
29.81 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 2.42 , 29.81 ]
2.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.13 , 2.42 ]
2.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*2.77 = 2.42 mm

67/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

68/162

SALIDA DE ALCOHOL (P)


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

F&D Head #2

Orientation

End of nozzle to datum line

4,500 mm

Calculated as hillside

No

Distance to head center, R

0 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 2 Sch 40S (Std) DN 50

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe (II-D Metric p. 90, ln. 11)

Inside diameter, new

52.5 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

3.91 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

3.42 mm

Corrosion allowance

0 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

195.62 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

199.53 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

12 mm

Liquid static head included

0 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

7 mm

69/162

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

3 mm

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 2 Class 150 SO A182 F304

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-48C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,495 kPa @ 125C

MAP rating

1,900 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

2,900 kPa @ 21.11C

External fillet weld leg (UW-21)

7.75 mm (5.48 mm min)

Internal fillet weld leg (UW-21)

3.91 mm (3.91 mm min)

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No
Gasket

Description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel
Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 551.58*26.25 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*551.58) =

0.12 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.12*1 / (3.42 - 0) =

0.0363

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.0363)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

70/162

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 551.58 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.42

3.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.74

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.74

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(52.5, 26.25 + (3.91 - 0) + (12 - 0))
52.5 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.91 - 0) + 0)
=
9.78 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*26.25 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
0.11 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.5806*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.5806)
3.64 mm

71/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.58*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.58)
9.05 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.91 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.74 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*26.25 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 0
0.13 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.13 , 0 ]
0.13 mm

tb1

9.04 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 9.04 , 1.5 ]
9.04 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.42 , 9.04 ]
3.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.13 , 3.42 ]
3.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.91 = 3.42 mm

72/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

73/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAWP.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,495 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.42

3.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.74

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.74

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,495 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(52.5, 26.25 + (3.91 - 0) + (12 - 0))
52.5 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.91 - 0) + 0)
=
9.78 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,495.0015*26.25 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015)
0.29 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495.0015*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495.0015)
9.88 mm

74/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495)
24.54 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.91 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.74 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,495.0015*26.25 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015) + 0
0.35 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.35 , 0 ]
0.35 mm

tb1

24.54 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 24.54 , 1.5 ]
24.54 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.42 , 24.54 ]
3.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.35 , 3.42 ]
3.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.91 = 3.42 mm

75/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

76/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.42

3.42

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.74

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.74

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(52.5, 26.25 + (3.91 - 0) + (12 - 0))
52.5 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.91 - 0) + 0)
=
9.78 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,870.0892*26.25 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892)
0.36 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.0892*1,768.6*1 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.0892)
12 mm

77/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.09*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.09)
29.81 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.91 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.74 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,870.0892*26.25 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892) + 0
0.42 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.42 , 0 ]
0.42 mm

tb1

29.81 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 29.81 , 1.5 ]
29.81 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.42 , 29.81 ]
3.42 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.42 , 3.42 ]
3.42 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.91 = 3.42 mm

78/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

79/162

SUMINISTRO NITROGENO (C)


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

F&D Head #2

Orientation

330

End of nozzle to datum line

4,598.62 mm

Calculated as hillside

Yes

Distance to head center, R

400 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 1 Sch 40S (Std) DN 25

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe (II-D Metric p. 90, ln. 11)

Inside diameter, new

26.64 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

3.38 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

2.96 mm

Corrosion allowance

0 mm

Opening chord length

27.35 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

336.26 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

339.64 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

12 mm

Liquid static head included

0 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

80/162

Inner fillet, Leg41

7 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

3 mm

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 1 Class 150 SO A182 F304

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-48C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,495 kPa @ 125C

MAP rating

1,900 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

2,900 kPa @ 21.11C

External fillet weld leg (UW-21)

7.37 mm (4.73 mm min)

Internal fillet weld leg (UW-21)

3.38 mm (3.38 mm min)

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No
Gasket

Description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel
Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 551.58*13.32 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*551.58) =

0.063 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.063*1 / (2.96 - 0) =

0.0213

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.0213)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

81/162

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 551.58 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

2.96

2.96

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.36

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.36

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(27.35, 13.68 + (3.38 - 0) + (12 - 0))
29.05 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.38 - 0) + 0)
=
8.45 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*13.32 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
0.0559 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.5806*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.5806)
3.64 mm

82/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.58*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.58)
9.05 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.38 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.36 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*13.32 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 0
0.0635 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.0635 , 0 ]
0.0635 mm

tb1

9.04 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 9.04 , 1.5 ]
9.04 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 2.96 , 9.04 ]
2.96 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.0635 , 2.96 ]
2.96 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.38 = 2.96 mm

83/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

84/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAWP.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,495 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

2.96

2.96

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.36

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.36

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,495 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(27.35, 13.68 + (3.38 - 0) + (12 - 0))
29.05 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.38 - 0) + 0)
=
8.45 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,495.0015*13.32 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015)
0.15 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495.0015*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495.0015)
9.88 mm

85/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495)
24.54 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.38 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.36 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,495.0015*13.32 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015) + 0
0.18 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.18 , 0 ]
0.18 mm

tb1

24.54 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 24.54 , 1.5 ]
24.54 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 2.96 , 24.54 ]
2.96 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.18 , 2.96 ]
2.96 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.38 = 2.96 mm

86/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

87/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

2.96

2.96

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.36

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.36

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(27.35, 13.68 + (3.38 - 0) + (12 - 0))
29.05 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(3.38 - 0) + 0)
=
8.45 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,870.0892*13.32 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892)
0.18 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.0892*1,768.6*1 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.0892)
12 mm

88/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.09*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.09)
29.81 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.38 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.36 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,870.0892*13.32 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892) + 0
0.22 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.22 , 0 ]
0.22 mm

tb1

29.81 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 29.81 , 1.5 ]
29.81 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 2.96 , 29.81 ]
2.96 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.22 , 2.96 ]
2.96 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.38 = 2.96 mm

89/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

90/162

Cylinder #1
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

Cylinder

Material

SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 43)

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

551.58

Design
MDMT (C)

125

-28.89

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Test horizontal

12.15

1,240

Dimensions
Inner Diameter

1,240 mm

Length

2,500 mm

Nominal Thickness

6.35 mm

Corrosion

Inner

3 mm

Outer

0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)

Capacity (liters)

New

488.53

3,019.07

Corroded

258.38

3,048.36

Radiography
Longitudinal seam

Spot UW-11(b) Type 1

Top Circumferential
seam

Full UW-11(a) Type 1

Bottom Circumferential
seam

Spot UW-11(b) Type 1

91/162

Results Summary
Governing condition

Internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 3 mm = 4.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

6.03 mm

Design thickness due to combined loadings + corrosion

4.29 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

610.54 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

1,194.04 kPa

Rated MDMT

-196 C
UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements

Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.
Design thickness, (at 125 C) UG-27(c)(1)
t

= P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 551.58*623 / (134,000*0.85 - 0.60*551.58) + 3
= 6.03 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 125 C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

= S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 134,000*0.85*3.35 / (623 + 0.60*3.35) - 0
= 610.54 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

= S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*0.85*6.35 / (620 + 0.60*6.35)
= 1,194.04 kPa

% Forming strain - UHA-44(a)(2)


EFE =
=
=

(50*t / Rf)*(1 - Rf / Ro)


(50*6.35 / 623.18)*(1 - 623.18 / infinity)
0.5095%

92/162

Thickness Required Due to Pressure + External Loads

Pressure P (
kPa)

Condition

Operating, Hot & Corroded

Operating, Hot & New

551.58

551.58

Hot Shut Down, Corroded

Hot Shut Down, New

Empty, Corroded

Empty, New

Hot Shut Down, Corroded,


Weight & Eccentric Moments
Only

Allowable
Stress
Before UG-23
Stress
Increase (
MPa)
St

Sc

134

45.85

134

134

134

138

138

134

57.63

45.85

57.63

52.21

68.14

45.85

Temperature (
C)

Corrosion C
(mm)

125

125

125

125

21.11

21.11

125

Location

Load

Req'd Thk Due to


Tension (mm)

Req'd Thk Due


to
Compression
(mm)

Top

Weight

1.28

1.26

Bottom

Weight

1.29

1.29

Top

Weight

1.27

1.25

Bottom

Weight

1.28

1.28

Top

Weight

0.07

Bottom

Weight

Top

Weight

0.06

Bottom

Weight

0.01

0.01

Top

Weight

0.06

Bottom

Weight

Top

Weight

0.05

Bottom

Weight

0.01

0.01

Top

Weight

0.07

Bottom

Weight

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 3.35)
= 0.000669
B
= 45.85 MPa
S

134 / 1.00 = 134 MPa

ScHC

min(B, S) = 45.85 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 6.35)
= 0.001267
B
= 57.63 MPa
S

134 / 1.00 = 134 MPa

ScHN

min(B, S) = 57.63 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 6.35)
= 0.001267
B
= 68.14 MPa
S

138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

ScCN

min(B, S) = 68.14 MPa

93/162

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 3.35)
= 0.000669
B
= 52.21 MPa
S

138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

ScCC

min(B, S) = 52.21 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table


HA-1 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 3.35)
= 0.000669
B
= 52.21 MPa
S

138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

ScVC

min(B, S) = 52.21 MPa

Operating, Hot & Corroded, Above Support Point


tp = P*R / (2*St*Ks*Ec + 0.40*|P|)
(Pressure)
= 551.58*623 / (2*134,000*1.00*1.00 + 0.40*|551.58|)
= 1.28 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 1,990.1 / (*624.672*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0.01 mm

(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 605.8 / (2**624.67*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 1.28 + 0.01 - (0.01)
= 1.28 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0.01 + (0.01) - (1.28)|
= 1.26 mm

(total, net tensile)

Maximum allowable working pressure, Longitudinal Stress


P = 2*St*Ks*Ec*(t - tm + tw) / (R - 0.40*(t - tm + tw))
= 2*134,000*1.00*1.00*(3.35 - 0.01 + (0.01)) / (623 - 0.40*(3.35 - 0.01 + (0.01)))
= 1,443.96 kPa
Operating, Hot & New, Above Support Point
tp = P*R / (2*St*Ks*Ec + 0.40*|P|)
(Pressure)
= 551.58*620 / (2*134,000*1.00*1.00 + 0.40*|551.58|)
= 1.27 mm

94/162

tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 2,001 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0.01 mm

(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 766.7 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 1.27 + 0.01 - (0.01)
= 1.27 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0.01 + (0.01) - (1.27)|
= 1.25 mm

(total, net tensile)

Maximum allowable working pressure, Longitudinal Stress


P = 2*St*Ks*Ec*(t - tm + tw) / (R - 0.40*(t - tm + tw))
= 2*134,000*1.00*1.00*(6.35 - 0.01 + (0.01)) / (620 - 0.40*(6.35 - 0.01 + (0.01)))
= 2,757.04 kPa
Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Above Support Point
tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 1,990.1 / (*624.672*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0.01 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 605.8 / (2**624.67*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt

(total required, tensile)

= tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0.01 - (0.01)
= 0 mm

tmc = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor


= 1,990.1 / (*624.672*45,849.39*1.00) * 106
= 0.04 mm

(bending)

twc = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor


= 605.8 / (2**624.67*45,849.39*1.00) * 104
= 0.03 mm

(Weight)

tc

(total required, compressive)

= tmc + twc - tpc


= 0.04 + (0.03) - (0)
= 0.07 mm

Hot Shut Down, New, Above Support Point


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 2,001 / (*623.172*57,629.96*1.00) * 106
= 0.03 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

95/162

tw = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 766.7 / (2**623.17*57,629.96*1.00) * 104
= 0.03 mm

(Weight)

tt = |tp + tm - tw|
= |0 + 0.03 - (0.03)|
= 0 mm

(total, net compressive)

tc = tmc + twc - tpc


= 0.03 + (0.03) - (0)
= 0.06 mm

(total required, compressive)

Empty, Corroded, Above Support Point


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 1,990.1 / (*624.672*138,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0.01 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 605.8 / (2**624.67*138,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt

(total required, tensile)

= tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0.01 - (0.01)
= 0 mm

tmc = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor


= 1,990.1 / (*624.672*52,209.69*1.00) * 106
= 0.03 mm

(bending)

twc = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor


= 605.8 / (2**624.67*52,209.69*1.00) * 104
= 0.03 mm

(Weight)

tc

(total required, compressive)

= tmc + twc - tpc


= 0.03 + (0.03) - (0)
= 0.06 mm

Empty, New, Above Support Point


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 2,001 / (*623.172*68,142.43*1.00) * 106
= 0.02 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor
= 766.7 / (2**623.17*68,142.43*1.00) * 104
= 0.03 mm

(Weight)

tt = |tp + tm - tw|
= |0 + 0.02 - (0.03)|
= 0 mm

(total, net compressive)

tc = tmc + twc - tpc


= 0.02 + (0.03) - (0)

(total required, compressive)

96/162

= 0.05 mm
Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Weight & Eccentric Moments Only, Above Support Point
tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 1,990.1 / (*624.672*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0.01 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 605.8 / (2**624.67*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= 0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt

(total required, tensile)

= tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0.01 - (0.01)
= 0 mm

tmc = M / (*Rm2*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor


= 1,990.1 / (*624.672*45,849.39*1.00) * 106
= 0.04 mm

(bending)

twc = W / (2**Rm*Sc*Ks) * MetricFactor


= 605.8 / (2**624.67*45,849.39*1.00) * 104
= 0.03 mm

(Weight)

tc

(total required, compressive)

= tmc + twc - tpc


= 0.04 + (0.03) - (0)
= 0.07 mm

Operating, Hot & Corroded, Below Support Point


tp = P*R / (2*St*Ks*Ec + 0.40*|P|)
(Pressure)
= 551.58*623 / (2*134,000*1.00*1.00 + 0.40*|551.58|)
= 1.28 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 15.2 / (*624.672*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -229.3 / (2**624.67*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 1.28 + 0 - (0)
= 1.29 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (1.28)|
= 1.29 mm

(total, net tensile)

Maximum allowable working pressure, Longitudinal Stress


P = 2*St*Ks*Ec*(t - tm + tw) / (R - 0.40*(t - tm + tw))
= 2*134,000*1.00*1.00*(3.35 - 0 + (0)) / (623 - 0.40*(3.35 - 0 + (0)))
= 1,442.42 kPa

97/162

Operating, Hot & New, Below Support Point


tp = P*R / (2*St*Ks*Ec + 0.40*|P|)
(Pressure)
= 551.58*620 / (2*134,000*1.00*1.00 + 0.40*|551.58|)
= 1.27 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 15.3 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -300 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= -0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 1.27 + 0 - (-0.01)
= 1.28 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (-0.01) - (1.27)|
= 1.28 mm

(total, net tensile)

Maximum allowable working pressure, Longitudinal Stress


P = 2*St*Ks*Ec*(t - tm + tw) / (R - 0.40*(t - tm + tw))
= 2*134,000*1.00*1.00*(6.35 - 0 + (-0.01)) / (620 - 0.40*(6.35 - 0 + (-0.01)))
= 2,753.65 kPa
Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Below Support Point
tp
tm

=
=
=
=

0 mm
M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
15.2 / (*624.672*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw

=
=
=

W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
-229.3 / (2**624.67*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
0 mm

(Weight)

tt

tp + tm - tw

=
=

0 + 0 - (0)
0 mm

|tmc + twc - tpc|

=
=

|0 + (0) - (0)|
0 mm

tc

(total required,
tensile)

(total, net
tensile)

Hot Shut Down, New, Below Support Point


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 15.3 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

98/162

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -300 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= -0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0 - (-0.01)
= 0.01 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (-0.01) - (0)|
= 0.01 mm

(total, net tensile)

Empty, Corroded, Below Support Point


tp
tm

=
=
=
=

0 mm
M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
15.2 / (*624.672*138,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw

=
=
=

W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
-229.3 / (2**624.67*138,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
0 mm

(Weight)

tt

tp + tm - tw

=
=

0 + 0 - (0)
0 mm

|tmc + twc - tpc|

=
=

|0 + (0) - (0)|
0 mm

tc

(total required,
tensile)

(total, net
tensile)

Empty, New, Below Support Point


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 15.3 / (*623.172*138,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -300 / (2**623.17*138,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
= -0.01 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0 - (-0.01)
= 0.01 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (-0.01) - (0)|
= 0.01 mm

(total, net tensile)

Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Weight & Eccentric Moments Only, Below Support Point
tp

0 mm

(Pressure)

99/162

tm

=
=
=

M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
15.2 / (*624.672*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 106
0 mm

(bending)

tw

=
=
=

W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
-229.3 / (2**624.67*134,000*1.00*1.00) * 104
0 mm

(Weight)

tt

tp + tm - tw

=
=

0 + 0 - (0)
0 mm

|tmc + twc - tpc|

=
=

|0 + (0) - (0)|
0 mm

tc

(total required,
tensile)

(total, net
tensile)

100/162

MANHOLE (EH)
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

Cylinder #1

Orientation

90

Nozzle center line offset to datum line

3,100 mm

End of nozzle to shell center

778.43 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 20 Sch 40 DN 500

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe (II-D Metric p. 90, ln. 11)

Inside diameter, new

477.82 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

15.09 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

13.2 mm

Corrosion allowance

0 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

136.99 mm

Internal projection, hnew

25.4 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

152.08 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

6.35 mm

Liquid static head included

0 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Reinforcing Pad

Material specification

SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 43)

101/162

Diameter, Dp

609.6 mm

Thickness, te

7 mm

Is split

No
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

7.94 mm

Outer fillet, Leg42

6.35 mm

Lower fillet, Leg43

14 mm

Pad groove weld

7 mm

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 20 Class 150 SO A182 F304

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

Yes

Rated MDMT

-48C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,495 kPa @ 125C

MAP rating

1,900 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

2,900 kPa @ 21.11C

External fillet weld leg (UW-21)

21.12 mm (21.12 mm min)

Internal fillet weld leg (UW-21)

6.35 mm (6 mm min)

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No
Gasket

Description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel

Thickness, T

4.45 mm

Inner Diameter

513.08 mm

Outer Diameter

584.2 mm
Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

102/162

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Pad


Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

103/162

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

A
required

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

12.2836 16.582 3.7245 2.3626 2.0249 7.112 1.3581

treq

tmin

5.57

13.2

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W1-1

Path 2-2
strength

Weld load
W2-2

117,844 135,034 1,331,453

85,133

Weld load
W3-3

Path 3-3
strength

1,340,716 185,837 832,269

UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary


Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

4.9

5.56

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

1.68

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

2.35

6.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(477.82, 238.91 + (15.09 - 0) + (6.35 - 3))
477.82 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(6.35 - 3), 2.5*(15.09 - 0) + 7)
8.38 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(22.4, 2.5*(6.35 - 3), 2.5*(15.09 - 0 - 3))
8.38 mm

104/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*238.91 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
0.99 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)
=
551.5806*623 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
=
2.57 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*623 / (134,000*0.85 - 0.6*551.5806)
3.03 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 134, Sv = 134, Sp = 134 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(477.82*2.57*1 + 2*15.09*2.57*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
12.2836 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 3.7245 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(477.82*(1*3.35 - 1*2.57) - 2*15.09*(1*3.35 - 1*2.57)*(1 - 1)) / 100
3.7245 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(3.35 + 15.09)*(1*3.35 - 1*2.57) - 2*15.09*(1*3.35 - 1*2.57)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0.2877 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 2.3626 cm2


=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t

105/162

=
=

(5*(15.09 - 0.99)*1*3.35) / 100


2.3626 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(15.09 - 0.99)*(2.5*15.09 + 7)*1) / 100
12.6129 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 2.0249 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*3.35*12.09*1) / 100
2.0249 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*12.09*12.09*1) / 100
7.3058 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*22.4*12.09*1) / 100
5.4154 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(4.472*1) / 100
0.1994 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)


A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(6.352*1) / 100
0.4032 cm2

A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(8.692*1) / 100
0.7555 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)

A5

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((609.6 - 477.82 - 2*15.09)*7*1) / 100
7.112 cm2

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


3.7245 + 2.3626 + 2.0249 + 0.1994 + 0.4032 + 0.7555 + 7.112
16.582 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

106/162

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 7 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.9 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7.94 = 5.56 mm
Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 3.35 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 1.68 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.35 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 2.35 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9.71 = 6.8 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*238.91 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 0
1.16 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 1.16 , 0 ]
1.16 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*623 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 3
5.57 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 5.57 , 1.5 ]
5.57 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.33 , 5.57 ]
5.57 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 1.16 , 5.57 ]
5.57 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*15.09 = 13.2 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:
Outer fillet weld in shear:

0.7*114 = 79.8 MPa


0.49*114 = 55.86 MPa
0.49*134 = 65.66 MPa

107/162

Upper groove weld in tension: 0.74*134 = 99.16 MPa


Lower fillet weld in shear:
0.49*114 = 55.86 MPa
Strength of welded joints:
(1) Inner fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*508*7.94*55.86 = 353,808.54 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*609.6*6.35*65.66 = 399,245.01 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*492.91*15.09*79.8 = 932,207.79 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*508*9.71*55.86 = 433,024.08 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*508*7*99.16 = 553,883.21 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(1,228.3605 - 372.4509 + 2*15.09*1*(1*3.35 - 1*2.57))*134
117,843.9 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(236.2576 + 711.2 + 19.9354 + 40.3225)*134
135,033.9 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(236.2576 + 202.4874 + 19.9354 + 75.5482 + 2*15.09*3.35*1)*134
85,133.35 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(236.2576 + 202.4874 + 711.2 + 19.9354 + 40.3225 + 75.5482 + 2*15.09*3.35*1)*134
185,837.38 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = 117,843.9 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 399,245.01 + 932,207.79 = 1,331,452.8 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).
Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = 85,133.35 N
Path 2-2 through (1), (5), (6) = 353,808.54 + 433,024.08 + 553,883.21 = 1,340,715.84 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W2-2 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = 117,843.9 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (5) = 399,245.01 + 433,024.08 = 832,269.09 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

108/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


Available reinforcement per UG-37 governs the MAWP of this nozzle.

A
required

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 647.07 kPa @ 125 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

14.4172 14.4194 1.591 2.3335 2.0249 7.112 1.3581

treq

tmin

6.02

13.2

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W1-1

Path 2-2
strength

Weld load
W2-2

173,219 134,645 1,331,453

84,744

Weld load
W3-3

Path 3-3
strength

1,340,716 185,448 832,269

UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary


Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

4.9

5.56

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

1.68

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

2.35

6.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 647.07 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(477.82, 238.91 + (15.09 - 0) + (6.35 - 3))
477.82 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(6.35 - 3), 2.5*(15.09 - 0) + 7)
8.38 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(22.4, 2.5*(6.35 - 3), 2.5*(15.09 - 0 - 3))
8.38 mm

109/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


647.0736*238.91 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*647.0736)
1.16 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)
=
647.0736*623 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*647.0736)
=
3.02 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


647.0736*623 / (134,000*0.85 - 0.6*647.0736)
3.55 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 134, Sv = 134, Sp = 134 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(477.82*3.02*1 + 2*15.09*3.02*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
14.4172 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 1.591 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(477.82*(1*3.35 - 1*3.02) - 2*15.09*(1*3.35 - 1*3.02)*(1 - 1)) / 100
1.591 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(3.35 + 15.09)*(1*3.35 - 1*3.02) - 2*15.09*(1*3.35 - 1*3.02)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0.1226 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 2.3335 cm2


=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t

110/162

=
=

(5*(15.09 - 1.16)*1*3.35) / 100


2.3335 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(15.09 - 1.16)*(2.5*15.09 + 7)*1) / 100
12.458 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 2.0249 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*3.35*12.09*1) / 100
2.0249 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*12.09*12.09*1) / 100
7.3058 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*22.4*12.09*1) / 100
5.4154 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(4.472*1) / 100
0.1994 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)


A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(6.352*1) / 100
0.4032 cm2

A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(8.692*1) / 100
0.7555 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)

A5

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((609.6 - 477.82 - 2*15.09)*7*1) / 100
7.112 cm2

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


1.591 + 2.3335 + 2.0249 + 0.1994 + 0.4032 + 0.7555 + 7.112
14.4194 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

111/162

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 7 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.9 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7.94 = 5.56 mm
Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 3.35 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 1.68 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.35 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 2.35 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*9.71 = 6.8 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


647.0736*238.91 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*647.0736) + 0
1.36 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 1.36 , 0 ]
1.36 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


647.0736*623 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*647.0736) + 3
6.02 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6.02 , 1.5 ]
6.02 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.33 , 6.02 ]
6.02 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 1.36 , 6.02 ]
6.02 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*15.09 = 13.2 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:
Outer fillet weld in shear:

0.7*114 = 79.8 MPa


0.49*114 = 55.86 MPa
0.49*134 = 65.66 MPa

112/162

Upper groove weld in tension: 0.74*134 = 99.16 MPa


Lower fillet weld in shear:
0.49*114 = 55.86 MPa
Strength of welded joints:
(1) Inner fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*508*7.94*55.86 = 353,808.54 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*609.6*6.35*65.66 = 399,245.01 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*492.91*15.09*79.8 = 932,207.79 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*508*9.71*55.86 = 433,024.08 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*508*7*99.16 = 553,883.21 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(1,441.7245 - 159.0965 + 2*15.09*1*(1*3.35 - 1*3.02))*134
173,218.64 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(233.3544 + 711.2 + 19.9354 + 40.3225)*134
134,644.87 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(233.3544 + 202.4874 + 19.9354 + 75.5482 + 2*15.09*3.35*1)*134
84,744.32 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(233.3544 + 202.4874 + 711.2 + 19.9354 + 40.3225 + 75.5482 + 2*15.09*3.35*1)*134
185,448.34 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = 134,644.87 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 399,245.01 + 932,207.79 = 1,331,452.8 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W1-1 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = 84,744.32 N
Path 2-2 through (1), (5), (6) = 353,808.54 + 433,024.08 + 553,883.21 = 1,340,715.84 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W2-2 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = 173,218.64 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (5) = 399,245.01 + 433,024.08 = 832,269.09 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

113/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


Available reinforcement per UG-37 governs the MAP of this nozzle.

A
required

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,144.69 kPa @ 21.11 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A
welds

A5

24.6971 24.6984 5.6445 4.1581 4.7903 7.112 2.9935

treq

tmin

5.17

13.2

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W1-1

Path 2-2
strength

Weld load
W2-2

Weld load
W3-3

Path 3-3
strength

267,845 169,790 1,367,902 185,676 1,573,999 289,387 1,051,625


UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

4.9

5.56

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

3.18

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

4.45

9.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,144.69 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(477.82, 238.91 + (15.09 - 0) + (6.35 - 0))
477.82 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(6.35 - 0), 2.5*(15.09 - 0) + 7)
15.88 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(25.4, 2.5*(6.35 - 0), 2.5*(15.09 - 0 - 0))
15.88 mm

114/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,144.6942*238.91 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,144.6942)
1.99 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)
=
1,144.6942*620 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,144.6942)
=
5.17 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


1,144.6942*620 / (138,000*0.85 - 0.6*1,144.6942)
6.09 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 138, Sv = 138, Sp = 138 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(477.82*5.17*1 + 2*15.09*5.17*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
24.6971 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 5.6445 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(477.82*(1*6.35 - 1*5.17) - 2*15.09*(1*6.35 - 1*5.17)*(1 - 1)) / 100
5.6445 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(6.35 + 15.09)*(1*6.35 - 1*5.17) - 2*15.09*(1*6.35 - 1*5.17)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0.5065 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 4.1581 cm2


=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t

115/162

=
=

(5*(15.09 - 1.99)*1*6.35) / 100


4.1581 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(15.09 - 1.99)*(2.5*15.09 + 7)*1) / 100
11.7129 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 4.7903 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*6.35*15.09*1) / 100
4.7903 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*15.09*15.09*1) / 100
11.3818 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*25.4*15.09*1) / 100
7.6645 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(7.942*1) / 100
0.6303 cm2

A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(6.352*1) / 100
0.4032 cm2

A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(142*1) / 100
1.96 cm2

A5

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((609.6 - 477.82 - 2*15.09)*7*1) / 100
7.112 cm2

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


5.6445 + 4.1581 + 4.7903 + 0.6303 + 0.4032 + 1.96 + 7.112
24.6984 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
tc(min)

= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 7 mm
= lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 4.9 mm

116/162

tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7.94 = 5.56 mm


Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 6.35 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 3.18 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 6.35 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 4.45 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*14 = 9.8 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,144.6942*238.91 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*1,144.6942) + 0
2.35 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 2.35 , 0 ]
2.35 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,144.6942*620 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,144.6942) + 0
5.17 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 5.17 , 1.5 ]
5.17 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 8.33 , 5.17 ]
5.17 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 2.35 , 5.17 ]
5.17 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*15.09 = 13.2 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:
Outer fillet weld in shear:
Upper groove weld in tension:
Lower fillet weld in shear:

0.7*117 =
0.49*117 =
0.49*138 =
0.74*138 =
0.49*117 =

81.9 MPa
57.33 MPa
67.62 MPa
102.12 MPa
57.33 MPa

117/162

Strength of welded joints:


(1) Inner fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*508*7.94*57.33 = 363,119.29 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*609.6*6.35*67.62 = 411,162.77 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*492.91*15.09*81.9 = 956,739.57 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*508*14*57.33 = 640,462.37 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*508*7*102.12 = 570,417.04 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(2,469.7072 - 564.4505 + 2*15.09*1*(1*6.35 - 1*5.17))*138
267,844.83 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(415.8056 + 711.2 + 63.0321 + 40.3225)*138
169,789.74 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(415.8056 + 479.0313 + 63.0321 + 195.9996 + 2*15.09*6.35*1)*138
185,676.43 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(415.8056 + 479.0313 + 711.2 + 63.0321 + 40.3225 + 195.9996 + 2*15.09*6.35*1)*138
289,386.55 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = 169,789.74 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 411,162.77 + 956,739.57 = 1,367,902.34 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W1-1 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = 185,676.43 N
Path 2-2 through (1), (5), (6) = 363,119.29 + 640,462.37 + 570,417.04 = 1,573,998.71 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W2-2 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = 267,844.83 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (5) = 411,162.77 + 640,462.37 = 1,051,625.14 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

118/162

Support Lugs #1
Inputs
Support material
This support is attached to

Cylinder #1

Distance from baseplate to datum

2,352 mm

Lug allowable stress, Sb

165.474 MPa

Shell to center of load bearing area, d

114.3 mm

Lug length, circumferential direction, L

152.4 mm

Lug attachment fillet weld size

6.35 mm

Radial/bending lug stiffness ratio

Number of support lugs

Local Shell
Outer Diameter

1,252.7 mm

Thickness

6.35 mm

Inner Corrosion

3 mm

Outer Corrosion

0 mm

Top Plate
Width, Wp

50.8 mm

Thickness, ta

9.53 mm
Base Plate

Width, b

152.4 mm

Thickness, tb

9.53 mm

Load Bearing Width, Lb

76.2 mm

Gusset
Height, h

152.4 mm

Thickness, tg

9.53 mm

Separation, Lg

127 mm

Anchor Bolts
Anchor bolt size

0.375" series 8 threaded

Anchor bolt material


Bolt circle, BC

1,293.07 mm

Anchor bolts/lug, n

Anchor bolt allowable stress, Sb

137.895 MPa

Anchor bolt corrosion allowance

0 mm

119/162

Anchor bolt hole clearance

9.53 mm

120/162

Stresses in Shell at Lug Supports


Condition

Weight, operating, corroded


Attack angle = 0

Weight, operating, corroded


Attack angle = 45

Weight, operating, new


Attack angle = 0

Weight, operating, new


Attack angle = 45

Weight, empty, corroded


Attack angle = 0

Weight, empty, corroded


Attack angle = 45

Weight, empty, new


Attack angle = 0

Weight, empty, new


Attack angle = 45

Total
Weight
(kg)

854

854

1,085

1,085

854

854

1,085

1,085

Shear
V (N)

Moment
M (N-m)

1,976

1,976

1,987

1,987

1,976

1,976

1,987

1,987

Stress in Shell
(MPa)

Lug Loading

Lug
orient
W
(kg)

Pr
(N)

VL
(N)

ML
(N-m)

Vc
(N)

Mc
(N-m)

Primary
Circ (PL)

Primary
Long (PL)

Combined
PL+Pb+Q

213

3,427

391.68

0.00

133.331

66.155

181.401

90

213

2,093

239.20

0.00

121.355

60.37

150.712

180

213

3,427

391.68

0.00

133.331

66.155

181.401

270

213

2,093

239.20

0.00

121.355

60.37

150.712

213

3,036

347.02

0.00

129.821

64.459

172.41

90

213

3,036

347.02

0.00

129.821

64.459

172.41

180

213

3,036

347.02

0.00

129.821

64.459

172.41

270

213

3,036

347.02

0.00

129.821

64.459

172.41

271

4,002

457.40

0.00

66.238

32.109

88.467

90

271

2,661

304.10

0.00

62.087

30.371

76.863

180

271

4,002

457.40

0.00

66.238

32.109

88.467

270

271

2,661

304.10

0.00

62.087

30.371

76.863

271

3,609

412.50

0.00

65.024

31.599

85.068

90

271

3,609

412.50

0.00

65.024

31.599

85.068

180

271

3,609

412.50

0.00

65.024

31.599

85.068

270

271

3,609

412.50

0.00

65.024

31.599

85.068

213

3,427

391.68

0.00

-30.764

-14.872

-78.835

90

213

2,093

239.20

0.00

-18.788

-9.087

-48.146

180

213

3,427

391.68

0.00

-30.764

-14.872

-78.835

270

213

2,093

239.20

0.00

-18.788

-9.087

-48.146

213

3,036

347.02

0.00

-27.255

-13.176

-69.844

90

213

3,036

347.02

0.00

-27.255

-13.176

-69.844

180

213

3,036

347.02

0.00

-27.255

-13.176

-69.844

270

213

3,036

347.02

0.00

-27.255

-13.176

-69.844

271

4,002

457.40

0.00

-12.383

-5.178

-34.612

90

271

2,661

304.10

0.00

-8.232

-3.44

-23.008

180

271

4,002

457.40

0.00

-12.383

-5.178

-34.612

270

271

2,661

304.10

0.00

-8.232

-3.44

-23.008

271

3,609

412.50

0.00

-11.17

-4.668

-31.213

90

271

3,609

412.50

0.00

-11.17

-4.668

-31.213

180

271

3,609

412.50

0.00

-11.17

-4.668

-31.213

270

271

3,609

412.50

0.00

-11.17

-4.668

-31.213

121/162

Applied Loads (Weight, operating, corroded, Attack angle = 0, lug orientation = 0)


Radial load, Pr

0N

Circumferential moment, Mc

0 N-m

Circumferential shear, Vc

0N

Longitudinal moment, ML

391.7 N-m

Longitudinal shear, VL

3,426.75 N

Torsion moment, Mt

0 N-m

Internal pressure, P

551.58 kPa

Mean shell radius, Rm

624.67 mm

Local shell thickness, T

3.35 mm

Design factor

Maximum stresses due to the applied loads at the lug edge (includes pressure)
= Rm / T = 624.67 / 3.35 = 186.4556
C1 = 76.2, C2 = 85.73 mm
Local circumferential pressure stress = P*Ri / T =102.566 MPa
Local longitudinal pressure stress = P*Ri / (2*T) =51.283 MPa
Maximum combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) = 181.4 MPa
Allowable combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) = 3*S = 402 MPa
The maximum combined stress (PL+Pb+Q) is within allowable limits.
Maximum local primary membrane stress (PL) = 133.33 MPa
Allowable local primary membrane stress (PL) = 1.5*S = 201 MPa
The maximum local primary membrane stress (PL) is within allowable limits.

122/162

Stresses at the lug edge per WRC Bulletin 107


Figure value

Au

Al

Bu

Bl

Cu

Cl

Du

Dl

3C*

10.6216

0.1386

4C*

22.2837

0.1332

1C

0.064

0.1271

2C-1

0.0267

0.1271

3A*

6.9017

0.1269

1A

0.0652

0.1319

3B*

15.4162

0.132

-30.764

-30.764

30.764

30.764

1B-1

0.0178

0.1241

-48.07

48.07

48.07

-48.07

Pressure stress*

102.566

102.566

102.566

102.566

102.566

102.566

102.566

102.566

Total circumferential stress

23.732

119.872

181.401

85.261

102.566

102.566

102.566

102.566

Primary membrane
circumferential stress*

71.802

71.802

133.331

133.331

102.566

102.566

102.566

102.566

3C*

11.3244

0.1332

4C*

21.7755

0.1386

1C-1

0.0542

0.1342

2C

0.0367

0.1342

4A*

15.3627

0.1269

2A

0.0289

0.1392

4B*

6.4157

0.132

-14.872

-14.872

14.872

14.872

2B-1

0.0216

0.1337

-54.131

54.131

54.131

-54.131

Pressure stress*

51.283

51.283

51.283

51.283

51.283

51.283

51.283

51.283

Total longitudinal stress

-17.72

90.542

120.286

12.024

51.283

51.283

51.283

51.283

Primary membrane
longitudinal stress*

36.411

36.411

66.155

66.155

51.283

51.283

51.283

51.283

Shear from M t

Circ shear from V c

Long shear from V L

-2.985

-2.985

2.985

2.985

Total Shear stress

-2.985

-2.985

2.985

2.985

Combined stress (P L+Pb+Q)

-41.451

119.872

181.401

85.261

102.739

102.739

102.739

102.739

* denotes primary stress.

123/162

Lug top plate required thickness, Bednar 5.2


ta = 0.75*(VL*d*L)/(Sb*Wp2*h)
= 0.75*(4,001.75*114.3*152.4)/(165.474*50.82*152.4)
= 0.8 mm
To prevent buckling ta(min) = (Top plate width)/12 =4.23 mm.
The top plate thickness of 9.53 mm is adequate.
Gusset plate required thickness, Bednar 5.2
Sc = 18,000 / (1 + (1/18,000)*(h/(0.289*tg))2)
= 18,000 / (1 + (1/18,000)*(6/(0.289*0.375))2)
= 15,380.893 psi (106.048 MPa)
tg = VL*(3*d - b)/(Sc*b2*(Sin())2)
= 4,001.75*(3*114.3 - 152.4)/(106.048*152.42*(Sin(56.31))2)
= 0.45 mm
The gusset thickness of 9.53 mm is adequate.
Lug base plate required thickness
From Escoe table 4-8 (l/b = 1.2)
Cx = 0.10752, Cy = -0.121
fc = VL/(Lb*L)
= 4,001.75/(76.2*152.4)
= 0.345 MPa
Mx = Cx*fc*Lg2
= 0.10752*0.345*1272
= 597.59 mm-N/mm
My = Cy*fc*Lb2
= -0.121*0.345*76.22
= -242.11 mm-N/mm
M = Max[Abs(Mx), Abs(My)]
= Max[Abs(597.59), Abs(-242.11)]
= 597.59 mm-N/mm
tb = Sqr(6*M / Sb)
= Sqr(6*597.6 / 165.474)
= 4.65 mm
The base plate thickness of 9.53 mm is adequate.
Support Lug to Shell Fillet Weld Sizing - Bednar chapters 5.2 and 10.3
Note: continuous welding is assumed for all support lug fillet welds.
dh = ta + h + tb
Lw = 2*(b + dh) = 2*(152.4 + 171.45) = 647.7 mm

124/162

Zw = b*dh + dh2/3 = 152.4*171.45 + 171.452/3 = 359.27 cm2


Zz = dh*b + b2/3 = 171.45*152.4 + 152.42/3 = 338.71 cm2
Shear f1 = VL/Lw = 4,001.75/647.7 = 6.18 N/cm
Shear f2 = Vc/Lw = 0/647.7 = 0 N/cm
Bending f3 = larger absolute value of ML/Zw or Mc/Zz
= 100*ML/Zw
= 100*457.4/359.27
= 127.31 N/cm
Resultant load f = (f12 + f22 + f32)1/2
= (61.782 + 02 + 127.312)1/2
= 141.51 N/cm
Required weld size w = F/(0.707*0.55*Sa)
= 0.1*141.51/(0.707*0.55*134)
= 0.27 mm
The support lug fillet weld size of 6.35 mm is adequate.
Anchor bolts - Weight operating corroded condition governs
Tensile loading per lug (1 bolt per lug)
R = 4*M / (N*BC) - W / N
= 4*1,976 / (4*1.2931) - 8,371.09 / 4
= -564.61 N
There is no net uplift (R is negative).
0.375" series 8 threaded bolts are satisfactory.

125/162

TI-321-207 (G)
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

Cylinder #1

Orientation

247

Nozzle center line offset to datum line

2,098.62 mm

End of nozzle to shell center

778.43 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 1.5 Sch 40S (Std) DN 40

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe (II-D Metric p. 90, ln. 11)

Inside diameter, new

40.89 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

3.68 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

3.22 mm

Corrosion allowance

0 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

148.4 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

152.08 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

6.35 mm

Liquid static head included

0 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

7 mm

Nozzle to vessel groove weld

6 mm

126/162

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 1.5 Class 150 SO A182 F304

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-48C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,495 kPa @ 125C

MAP rating

1,900 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

2,900 kPa @ 21.11C

External fillet weld leg (UW-21)

7.75 mm (5.16 mm min)

Internal fillet weld leg (UW-21)

3.68 mm (3.68 mm min)

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No
Gasket

Description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel
Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 551.58*20.45 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*551.58) =

0.0967 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.0967*1 / (3.22 - 0) =

0.03

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.03)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

127/162

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 551.58 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.22

3.22

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.35

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.35

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(40.89, 20.45 + (3.68 - 0) + (6.35 - 3))
40.89 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(6.35 - 3), 2.5*(3.68 - 0) + 0)
=
8.38 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*20.45 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
0.0838 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*623 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
2.57 mm

128/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*623 / (134,000*0.85 - 0.6*551.5806)
3.03 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.35 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.35 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*20.45 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 0
0.0991 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.0991 , 0 ]
0.0991 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*623 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 3
5.57 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 5.57 , 1.5 ]
5.57 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.22 , 5.57 ]
3.22 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.0991 , 3.22 ]
3.22 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.68 = 3.22 mm

129/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

130/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAWP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 718.3 kPa @ 125 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.22

3.22

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.35

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.35

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 718.3 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(40.89, 20.45 + (3.68 - 0) + (6.35 - 3))
40.89 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(6.35 - 3), 2.5*(3.68 - 0) + 0)
=
8.38 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


718.302*20.45 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*718.302)
0.11 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


718.302*623 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*718.302)
3.35 mm

131/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


718.302*623 / (134,000*0.85 - 0.6*718.302)
3.94 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.35 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.35 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 3 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 7.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


718.302*20.45 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*718.302) + 0
0.13 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.13 , 0 ]
0.13 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


718.302*623 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*718.302) + 3
6.35 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6.35 , 1.5 ]
6.35 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.22 , 6.35 ]
3.22 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.13 , 3.22 ]
3.22 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.68 = 3.22 mm

132/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

133/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary


(cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,404.76 kPa @ 21.11 C

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A5

A
welds

This nozzle is exempt from area


calculations per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

treq

tmin

3.22

3.22

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary


The nozzle is exempt from weld strength calculations per UW-15(b)(2)
UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary
Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to shell fillet (Leg 41)

2.58

4.9

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to shell groove (Lower)

2.58

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,404.76 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(40.89, 20.45 + (3.68 - 0) + (6.35 - 0))
40.89 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)
=
MIN(2.5*(6.35 - 0), 2.5*(3.68 - 0) + 0)
=
9.21 mm
Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)
trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,404.7562*20.45 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,404.7562)
0.21 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)


tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


1,404.7562*620 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,404.7562)
6.35 mm

134/162

Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50


tr

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P)


1,404.7562*620 / (138,000*0.85 - 0.6*1,404.7562)
7.48 mm

This opening does not require reinforcement per UG-36(c)(3)(a)

UW-16(d) Weld Check


tmin = lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 3.68 mm
t1(min) or t2(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 2.58 mm
t1(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
The weld size t1 is satisfactory.
t2(actual) = 6 mm
The weld size t2 is satisfactory.
t1 + t2 = 10.9 >= 1.25*tmin
The combined weld sizes for t1 and t2 are satisfactory.

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,404.7562*20.45 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*1,404.7562) + 0
0.25 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.25 , 0 ]
0.25 mm

tb1

=
=
=

P*R / (S*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,404.7562*620 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,404.7562) + 0
6.35 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 6.35 , 1.5 ]
6.35 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 3.22 , 6.35 ]
3.22 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.25 , 3.22 ]
3.22 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*3.68 = 3.22 mm

135/162

The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.

136/162

Straight Flange on F&D Head #1


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

Cylinder

Material

SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 43)

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

551.58

Design
MDMT (C)

125

-28.89

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Test horizontal

12.15

1,240

Dimensions
Inner Diameter

1,240 mm

Length

50.8 mm

Nominal Thickness

6.35 mm

Corrosion

Inner

0 mm

Outer

0 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)

Capacity (liters)

New

10.14

61.35

Corroded

10.14

61.35

Radiography
Longitudinal seam

Seamless No RT

Top Circumferential
seam

Spot UW-11(b) Type 1

137/162

Results Summary
Governing condition

Internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 0 mm = 1.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

3.01 mm

Design thickness due to combined loadings + corrosion

1.5 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

1,159.43 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

1,194.04 kPa

Rated MDMT

-196 C
UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements

Rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a), (carbon content does not exceed 0.10%) = -196C
Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.
Design thickness, (at 125 C) UG-27(c)(1)
t

= P*R / (S*E - 0.60*P) + Corrosion


= 551.58*620 / (134,000*0.85 - 0.60*551.58) + 0
= 3.01 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (at 125 C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

= S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t) - Ps
= 134,000*0.85*6.35 / (620 + 0.60*6.35) - 0
= 1,159.43 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (at 21.11 C) UG-27(c)(1)


P

= S*E*t / (R + 0.60*t)
= 138,000*0.85*6.35 / (620 + 0.60*6.35)
= 1,194.04 kPa

% Forming strain - UHA-44(a)(2)


EFE =
=
=

(50*t / Rf)*(1 - Rf / Ro)


(50*6.35 / 623.18)*(1 - 623.18 / infinity)
0.5095%

138/162

Thickness Required Due to Pressure + External Loads


Pressure P (
kPa)

Condition

Allowable
Stress Before
UG-23 Stress
Increase (
MPa)

Temperature (
C)

Corrosion C
(mm)

Load

Req'd Thk Due to


Tension (mm)

Req'd Thk Due


to
Compression
(mm)

St

Sc

Operating, Hot & Corroded

551.58

134

57.63

125

Weight

1.5

1.5

Operating, Hot & New

551.58

134

57.63

125

Weight

1.5

1.5

134

57.63

125

Weight

Hot Shut Down, Corroded


Hot Shut Down, New

134

57.63

125

Weight

Empty, Corroded

138

68.14

21.11

Weight

Empty, New

138

68.14

21.11

Weight

Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Weight &


Eccentric Moments Only

134

57.63

125

Weight

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and Corroded- ScHC, (table HA-1


Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 6.35)
= 0.001267
B
= 57.63 MPa
S

134 / 1.00 = 134 MPa

ScHC

min(B, S) = 57.63 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Hot and New- ScHN


ScHN
= ScHC
= 57.63 MPa
Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and New- ScCN, (table HA-1 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 6.35)
= 0.001267
B
= 68.14 MPa
S

138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

ScCN

min(B, S) = 68.14 MPa

Allowable Compressive Stress, Cold and Corroded- ScCC


ScCC
= ScCN
= 68.14 MPa
Allowable Compressive Stress, Vacuum and Corroded- ScVC, (table
HA-1 Metric)
A
= 0.125 / (Ro / t)
= 0.125 / (626.35 / 6.35)
= 0.001267
B
= 68.14 MPa
S

138 / 1.00 = 138 MPa

139/162

ScVC

min(B, S) = 68.14 MPa

Operating, Hot & Corroded, Top Seam


tp = P*R / (2*St*Ks*Ec + 0.40*|P|)
(Pressure)
= 551.58*620 / (2*134,000*1.00*0.85 + 0.40*|551.58|)
= 1.5 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 0 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 106
= 0 mm

(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -148 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 1.5 + 0 - (0)
= 1.5 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (1.5)|
= 1.5 mm

(total, net tensile)

Maximum allowable working pressure, Longitudinal Stress


P = 2*St*Ks*Ec*(t - tm + tw) / (R - 0.40*(t - tm + tw))
= 2*134,000*1.00*0.85*(6.35 - 0 + (0)) / (620 - 0.40*(6.35 - 0 + (0)))
= 2,341.5 kPa
Operating, Hot & New, Top Seam
tp = P*R / (2*St*Ks*Ec + 0.40*|P|)
(Pressure)
= 551.58*620 / (2*134,000*1.00*0.85 + 0.40*|551.58|)
= 1.5 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 0 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 106
= 0 mm

(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -148 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 1.5 + 0 - (0)
= 1.5 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (1.5)|
= 1.5 mm

(total, net tensile)

Maximum allowable working pressure, Longitudinal Stress


P = 2*St*Ks*Ec*(t - tm + tw) / (R - 0.40*(t - tm + tw))
= 2*134,000*1.00*0.85*(6.35 - 0 + (0)) / (620 - 0.40*(6.35 - 0 + (0)))

140/162

= 2,341.5 kPa
Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Top Seam
tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 0 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -148 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0 - (0)
= 0 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (0)|
= 0 mm

(total, net tensile)

Hot Shut Down, New, Top Seam


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 0 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -148 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0 - (0)
= 0 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (0)|
= 0 mm

(total, net tensile)

Empty, Corroded, Top Seam


tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 0 / (*623.172*138,000*1.00*0.85) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -148 / (2**623.17*138,000*1.00*0.85) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0 - (0)
= 0 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|

(total, net tensile)

141/162

= |0 + (0) - (0)|
= 0 mm
Empty, New, Top Seam
tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 0 / (*623.172*138,000*1.00*0.85) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -148 / (2**623.17*138,000*1.00*0.85) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0 - (0)
= 0 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (0)|
= 0 mm

(total, net tensile)

Hot Shut Down, Corroded, Weight & Eccentric Moments Only, Top Seam
tp = 0 mm
tm = M / (*Rm2*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= 0 / (*623.172*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 106
= 0 mm

(Pressure)
(bending)

tw = W / (2**Rm*St*Ks*Ec) * MetricFactor
= -148 / (2**623.17*134,000*1.00*0.85) * 104
= 0 mm

(Weight)

tt = tp + tm - tw
= 0 + 0 - (0)
= 0 mm

(total required, tensile)

tc = |tmc + twc - tpc|


= |0 + (0) - (0)|
= 0 mm

(total, net tensile)

142/162

F&D Head #1
ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric
Component

F&D Head

Material

SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 43)

Attached To

Cylinder #1

Impact
Tested

Normalized

Fine Grain
Practice

PWHT

Optimize MDMT/
Find MAWP

No

No

No

No

No

Design
Design
Pressure (kPa) Temperature (C)
Internal

551.58

Design
MDMT (C)

125

-28.89

Static Liquid Head


Condition

Ps (kPa)

Hs (mm)

SG

Test horizontal

12.15

1,240

Dimensions
Inner Diameter

1,240 mm

Crown Radius L

1,768.6 mm

Knuckle Radius r

36.76 mm

Minimum Thickness

12 mm

Inner

0 mm

Outer

0 mm

Corrosion

Length Lsf

50.8 mm

Nominal Thickness tsf

6.35 mm
Weight and Capacity
Weight (kg)1

Capacity (liters)1

New

140.45

160.41

Corroded

140.45

160.41

Radiography

Category A joints

Seamless No RT

Head to shell seam

Spot UW-11(b) Type 1

includes straight flange

143/162

Results Summary
Governing condition

internal pressure

Minimum thickness per UG-16

1.5 mm + 0 mm = 1.5 mm

Design thickness due to internal pressure (t)

10.65 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP)

621.85 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure (MAP)

640.42 kPa

Straight Flange governs MDMT

-196C

Note: Endnote 90 used to determine allowable stress.


Factor M
M = 1/4*[3 + (L / r)1/2]
Corroded M = 1/4*[3 + (1,768.6 / 36.76)1/2]

2.4842

M = 1/4*[3 + (1,768.6 / 36.76)1/2]

2.4842

New

Design thickness for internal pressure, (Corroded at 125 C) Appendix 1-4(d)


t

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P) + Corrosion


551.58*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*0.85 - 0.2*551.58) + 0
10.64 mm

Maximum allowable working pressure, (Corroded at 125 C) Appendix 1-4(d)


P

=
=
=

2*S*E*t / (L*M + 0.2*t) - Ps


2*134,000*0.85*12 / (1,768.6*2.4842 + 0.2*12) - 0
621.85 kPa

Maximum allowable pressure, (New at 21.11 C) Appendix 1-4(d)


P

=
2*S*E*t / (L*M + 0.2*t) - Ps
=
2*138,000*0.85*12 / (1,768.6*2.4842 + 0.2*12) - 0
=
640.42 kPa
% Forming strain - UHA-44(a)(2)
EFE =
=
=

(75*t / Rf)*(1 - Rf / Ro)


(75*6.35 / 39.93)*(1 - 39.93 / infinity)
11.9268%

144/162

SALIDA DE PRODUCTO (E)


ASME Section VIII Division 1, 2015 Edition Metric

Note: round inside edges per UG-76(c)


Location and Orientation
Located on

F&D Head #1

Orientation

End of nozzle to datum line

1,200 mm

Calculated as hillside

No

Distance to head center, R

0 mm

Passes through a Category A joint

No
Nozzle

Description

NPS 3 Sch 40S (Std) DN 80

Access opening

No

Material specification

SA-312 TP304 Wld pipe (II-D Metric p. 90, ln. 11)

Inside diameter, new

77.93 mm

Pipe nominal wall thickness

5.49 mm

Pipe minimum wall thickness1

4.8 mm

Corrosion allowance

0 mm

Projection available outside vessel, Lpr

194.35 mm

Internal projection, hnew

25.4 mm

Projection available outside vessel to flange face, Lf

199.83 mm

Local vessel minimum thickness

12 mm

Liquid static head included

0 kPa

Longitudinal joint efficiency

1
Reinforcing Pad

145/162

Material specification

SA-240 304 (II-D Metric p. 86, ln. 43)

Diameter, Dp

190.5 mm

Thickness, te

7 mm

Is split

No
Welds

Inner fillet, Leg41

7 mm

Outer fillet, Leg42

6.35 mm

Lower fillet, Leg43

14 mm

Pad groove weld

7 mm

Pipe minimum thickness = nominal thickness times pipe tolerance factor of 0.875.

ASME B16.5-2013 Flange


Description

NPS 3 Class 150 SO A182 F304

Bolt Material

SA-193 B7 Bolt <= 64 (II-D Metric p. 344, ln. 31)

Blind included

No

Rated MDMT

-48C

Liquid static head

0 kPa

MAWP rating

1,495 kPa @ 125C

MAP rating

1,900 kPa @ 21.11C

Hydrotest rating

2,900 kPa @ 21.11C

External fillet weld leg (UW-21)

8.64 mm (7.68 mm min)

Internal fillet weld leg (UW-21)

5.49 mm (5.49 mm min)

PWHT performed

No

Impact Tested

No
Gasket

Description

Flexitallic Solid Metal Core Flexpro Facing; 304 S.S. : Metal; Nickel
Notes

Flange rated MDMT per UHA-51(d)(1)(a) = -196C


Bolts rated MDMT per Fig UCS-66 note (c) = -48C

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Nozzle


tr = 551.58*38.96 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*551.58) =

0.18 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 0.18*1 / (4.8 - 0) =

0.0384

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.0384)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

146/162

UHA-51 Material Toughness Requirements Pad


tr = 551.58*1,768.6*1 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*551.58) =

3.54 mm

Stress ratio = tr*E* / (tn - c) = 3.54*1 / (12 - 0) =

0.2947

Impact test exempt per UHA-51(g) (coincident ratio = 0.2947)


Rated MDMT =

-196C

Material is exempt from impact testing at the Design MDMT of -28.89C.

147/162

Reinforcement Calculations for Internal Pressure

A
required

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A
welds

A5

2.8378 17.3621 6.5135 2.2071 1.505 4.6868 2.4497

treq

tmin

4.8

4.8

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Weld load
W1-1

-36,965

98,949

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W2-2

Path 2-2
strength

Path 3-3
strength

Weld load
W3-3

182,129 100,212 260,740 163,016 233,971


UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary

Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

3.84

4.9

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

3.5

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

3.84

9.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 551.58 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(77.93, 38.96 + (5.49 - 0) + (12 - 0))
77.93 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(5.49 - 0) + 7)
20.72 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(25.4, 2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(5.49 - 0 - 0))
13.72 mm

148/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


551.5806*38.96 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806)
0.16 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)
=
551.5806*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*551.5806)
=
3.64 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


551.58*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*0.85 - 0.2*551.58)
10.64 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 134, Sv = 134, Sp = 134 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(77.93*3.64*1 + 2*5.49*3.64*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
2.8378 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 6.5135 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(77.93*(1*12 - 1*3.64) - 2*5.49*(1*12 - 1*3.64)*(1 - 1)) / 100
6.5135 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(12 + 5.49)*(1*12 - 1*3.64) - 2*5.49*(1*12 - 1*3.64)*(1 - 1)) / 100
2.9232 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 2.2071 cm2


=
=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t
(5*(5.49 - 0.16)*1*12) / 100

149/162

3.1961 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(5.49 - 0.16)*(2.5*5.49 + 7)*1) / 100
2.2071 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 1.505 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*12*5.49*1) / 100
3.2918 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*5.49*5.49*1) / 100
1.505 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*25.4*5.49*1) / 100
2.7871 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(72*1) / 100
0.4903 cm2

A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(02*1) / 100
0 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)


A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(142*1) / 100
1.9594 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)

A5

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((155.85 - 77.93 - 2*5.49)*7*1) / 100
4.6868 cm2

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


6.5135 + 2.2071 + 1.505 + 0.4903 + 0 + 1.9594 + 4.6868
17.3621 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

150/162

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 5.49 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.84 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 7 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 3.5 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.49 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 3.84 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*14 = 9.8 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


551.5806*38.96 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*551.5806) + 0
0.19 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.19 , 0 ]
0.19 mm

tb1

9.04 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 9.04 , 1.5 ]
9.04 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 4.8 , 9.04 ]
4.8 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.19 , 4.8 ]
4.8 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*5.49 = 4.8 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:

0.7*114 = 79.8 MPa


0.49*114 = 55.86 MPa

151/162

Outer fillet weld in shear:


0.49*134 = 65.66 MPa
Upper groove weld in tension: 0.74*134 = 99.16 MPa
Lower fillet weld in shear:
0.49*114 = 55.86 MPa
Strength of welded joints:
(1) Inner fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*88.9*7*55.86 = 54,603.52 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*190.5*6.35*65.66 = 124,764.06 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*83.41*5.49*79.8 = 57,365.02 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*88.9*14*55.86 = 109,207.05 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*88.9*7*99.16 = 96,929.56 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(283.7795 - 651.3535 + 2*5.49*1*(1*12 - 1*3.64))*134
-36,965.1 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(220.7092 + 468.6808 + 49.0322 + 0)*134
98,948.59 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(220.7092 + 150.5029 + 49.0322 + 195.9351 + 2*5.49*12*1)*134
100,212.32 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(220.7092 + 150.5029 + 468.6808 + 49.0322 + 0 + 195.9351 + 2*5.49*12*1)*134
163,015.55 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = -36,965.1 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 124,764.06 + 57,365.02 = 182,129.09 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).
Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = -36,965.1 N
Path 2-2 through (1), (5), (6) = 54,603.52 + 109,207.05 + 96,929.56 = 260,740.13 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = -36,965.1 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (5) = 124,764.06 + 109,207.05 = 233,971.11 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

152/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAWP


The attached ASME B16.5 flange limits the nozzle MAWP.

A
required

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,495 kPa @ 125 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
available

A1

A2

A3

A
welds

A5

7.6967 12.3886 1.6548 2.0923 1.505 4.6868 2.4497

treq

tmin

4.8

4.8

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Weld load
W1-1

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W2-2

84,083

97,410

182,129

98,673

Path 2-2
strength

Weld load
W3-3

Path 3-3
strength

260,740 161,477 233,971

UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary


Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

3.84

4.9

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

3.5

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

3.84

9.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,495 kPa @ 125 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(77.93, 38.96 + (5.49 - 0) + (12 - 0))
77.93 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(5.49 - 0) + 7)
20.72 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(25.4, 2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(5.49 - 0 - 0))
13.72 mm

153/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,495.0015*38.96 / (134,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015)
0.44 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)
=
1,495.0015*1,768.6*1 / (2*134,000*1 - 0.2*1,495.0015)
=
9.88 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,495*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*134,000*0.85 - 0.2*1,495)
28.87 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 134, Sv = 134, Sp = 134 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(77.93*9.88*1 + 2*5.49*9.88*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
7.6967 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 1.6548 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(77.93*(1*12 - 1*9.88) - 2*5.49*(1*12 - 1*9.88)*(1 - 1)) / 100
1.6548 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(12 + 5.49)*(1*12 - 1*9.88) - 2*5.49*(1*12 - 1*9.88)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0.7426 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 2.0923 cm2


=
=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t
(5*(5.49 - 0.44)*1*12) / 100

154/162

3.0297 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(5.49 - 0.44)*(2.5*5.49 + 7)*1) / 100
2.0923 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 1.505 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*12*5.49*1) / 100
3.2918 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*5.49*5.49*1) / 100
1.505 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*25.4*5.49*1) / 100
2.7871 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(72*1) / 100
0.4903 cm2

A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(02*1) / 100
0 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)


A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(142*1) / 100
1.9594 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)

A5

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((155.85 - 77.93 - 2*5.49)*7*1) / 100
4.6868 cm2

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


1.6548 + 2.0923 + 1.505 + 0.4903 + 0 + 1.9594 + 4.6868
12.3886 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

155/162

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 5.49 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.84 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 7 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 3.5 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.49 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 3.84 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*14 = 9.8 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,495.0015*38.96 / (114,000*1 - 0.6*1,495.0015) + 0
0.52 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.52 , 0 ]
0.52 mm

tb1

24.54 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 24.54 , 1.5 ]
24.54 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 4.8 , 24.54 ]
4.8 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.52 , 4.8 ]
4.8 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*5.49 = 4.8 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:

0.7*114 = 79.8 MPa


0.49*114 = 55.86 MPa

156/162

Outer fillet weld in shear:


0.49*134 = 65.66 MPa
Upper groove weld in tension: 0.74*134 = 99.16 MPa
Lower fillet weld in shear:
0.49*114 = 55.86 MPa
Strength of welded joints:
(1) Inner fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*88.9*7*55.86 = 54,603.52 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*190.5*6.35*65.66 = 124,764.06 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*83.41*5.49*79.8 = 57,365.02 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*88.9*14*55.86 = 109,207.05 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*88.9*7*99.16 = 96,929.56 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(769.6706 - 165.4835 + 2*5.49*1*(1*12 - 1*9.88))*134
84,082.95 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(209.2254 + 468.6808 + 49.0322 + 0)*134
97,409.75 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(209.2254 + 150.5029 + 49.0322 + 195.9351 + 2*5.49*12*1)*134
98,673.48 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(209.2254 + 150.5029 + 468.6808 + 49.0322 + 0 + 195.9351 + 2*5.49*12*1)*134
161,476.72 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = 84,082.95 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 124,764.06 + 57,365.02 = 182,129.09 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).
Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = 84,082.95 N
Path 2-2 through (1), (5), (6) = 54,603.52 + 109,207.05 + 96,929.56 = 260,740.13 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = 84,082.95 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (5) = 124,764.06 + 109,207.05 = 233,971.11 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

157/162

Reinforcement Calculations for MAP


The vessel wall thickness governs the MAP of this nozzle.

UG-37 Area Calculation Summary (cm2)

UG-45
Summary
(mm)

For P = 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C


The opening is adequately reinforced

The nozzle
passes UG-45

A
required

A
available

A1

9.351

10.6938

--

A2

A3

A
welds

A5

2.0523 1.505 4.6868 2.4497

treq

tmin

4.8

4.8

UG-41 Weld Failure Path Analysis Summary (N)


All failure paths are stronger than the applicable weld loads
Weld load
W

Weld load
W1-1

129,045

99,766

Path 1-1
strength

Weld load
W2-2

Path 2-2
strength

Weld load
W3-3

Path 3-3
strength

187,363 101,067 267,944 165,745 240,569


UW-16 Weld Sizing Summary

Weld description

Required weld
size (mm)

Actual weld
size (mm)

Status

Nozzle to pad fillet (Leg 41)

3.84

4.9

weld size is adequate

Pad to shell fillet (Leg 42)

3.5

4.45

weld size is adequate

Nozzle to inside shell fillet (Leg 43)

3.84

9.8
(corroded)

weld size is adequate

Calculations for internal pressure 1,870.09 kPa @ 21.11 C


Parallel Limit of reinforcement per UG-40
LR

=
=
=

MAX(d, Rn + (tn - Cn) + (t - C))


MAX(77.93, 38.96 + (5.49 - 0) + (12 - 0))
77.93 mm

Outer Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LH

=
=
=

MIN(2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(tn - Cn) + te)


MIN(2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(5.49 - 0) + 7)
20.72 mm

Inner Normal Limit of reinforcement per UG-40


LI

=
=
=

MIN(h, 2.5*(t - C), 2.5*(ti - Cn - C))


MIN(25.4, 2.5*(12 - 0), 2.5*(5.49 - 0 - 0))
13.72 mm

158/162

Nozzle required thickness per UG-27(c)(1)


trn

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P)


1,870.0892*38.96 / (138,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892)
0.53 mm

Required thickness tr from UG-37(a)(a)


tr

=
P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)
=
1,870.0892*1,768.6*1 / (2*138,000*1 - 0.2*1,870.0892)
=
12 mm
Required thickness tr per Interpretation VIII-1-07-50
tr

=
=
=

P*L*M / (2*S*E - 0.2*P)


1,870.09*1,768.6*2.4842 / (2*138,000*0.85 - 0.2*1,870.09)
35.08 mm

Area required per UG-37(c)


Allowable stresses: Sn = 138, Sv = 138, Sp = 138 MPa
fr1 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr2 = lesser of 1 or Sn / Sv = 1
fr3 = lesser of fr2 or Sp / Sv = 1
fr4 = lesser of 1 or Sp / Sv = 1

=
=
=

d*tr*F + 2*tn*tr*F*(1 - fr1)


(77.93*12*1 + 2*5.49*12*1*(1 - 1)) / 100
9.351 cm2

Area available from FIG. UG-37.1


A1 = larger of the following= 0 cm2

=
=
=

d*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(77.93*(1*12 - 1*12) - 2*5.49*(1*12 - 1*12)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0 cm2

=
=
=

2*(t + tn)*(E1*t - F*tr) - 2*tn*(E1*t - F*tr)*(1 - fr1)


(2*(12 + 5.49)*(1*12 - 1*12) - 2*5.49*(1*12 - 1*12)*(1 - 1)) / 100
0 cm2

A2 = smaller of the following= 2.0523 cm2


=
=

5*(tn - trn)*fr2*t
(5*(5.49 - 0.53)*1*12) / 100

159/162

2.9716 cm2

=
=
=

2*(tn - trn)*(2.5*tn + te)*fr2


(2*(5.49 - 0.53)*(2.5*5.49 + 7)*1) / 100
2.0523 cm2

A3 = smaller of the following= 1.505 cm2


=
=
=

5*t*ti*fr2
(5*12*5.49*1) / 100
3.2918 cm2

=
=
=

5*ti*ti*fr2
(5*5.49*5.49*1) / 100
1.505 cm2

=
=
=

2*h*ti*fr2
(2*25.4*5.49*1) / 100
2.7871 cm2

A41 =
=
=

Leg2*fr3
(72*1) / 100
0.4903 cm2

A42 =
=
=

Leg2*fr4
(02*1) / 100
0 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)


A43 =
=
=

Leg2*fr2
(142*1) / 100
1.9594 cm2

(Part of the weld is outside of the limits)

A5

=
=
=

Area =
=
=

(Dp - d - 2*tn)*te*fr4
((155.85 - 77.93 - 2*5.49)*7*1) / 100
4.6868 cm2

A1 + A2 + A3 + A41 + A42 + A43 + A5


0 + 2.0523 + 1.505 + 0.4903 + 0 + 1.9594 + 4.6868
10.6938 cm2

As Area >= A the reinforcement is adequate.

160/162

UW-16(d) Weld Check


Inner fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or te = 5.49 mm
tc(min) = lesser of 6 mm or 0.7*tmin = 3.84 mm
tc(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*7 = 4.9 mm
Outer fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or te or t = 7 mm
tw(min) = 0.5*tmin = 3.5 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*6.35 = 4.45 mm
Lower fillet: tmin
= lesser of 19 mm or tn or t = 5.49 mm
tw(min) = 0.7*tmin = 3.84 mm
tw(actual) = 0.7*Leg = 0.7*14 = 9.8 mm

UG-45 Nozzle Neck Thickness Check

Interpretation VIII-1-83-66 has been applied.


ta UG-27

=
=
=

P*Rn / (Sn*E - 0.6*P) + Corrosion


1,870.0892*38.96 / (117,000*1 - 0.6*1,870.0892) + 0
0.63 mm

ta

=
=
=

max[ ta UG-27 , ta UG-22 ]


max[ 0.63 , 0 ]
0.63 mm

tb1

29.81 mm

tb1

=
=
=

max[ tb1 , tb UG16 ]


max[ 29.81 , 1.5 ]
29.81 mm

tb

=
=
=

min[ tb3 , tb1 ]


min[ 4.8 , 29.81 ]
4.8 mm

tUG-45

=
=
=

max[ ta , tb ]
max[ 0.63 , 4.8 ]
4.8 mm

Available nozzle wall thickness new, tn = 0.875*5.49 = 4.8 mm


The nozzle neck thickness is adequate.
Allowable stresses in joints UG-45 and UW-15(c)
Nozzle wall in shear:
Inner fillet weld in shear:

0.7*117 = 81.9 MPa


0.49*117 = 57.33 MPa

161/162

Outer fillet weld in shear:


0.49*138 = 67.62 MPa
Upper groove weld in tension: 0.74*138 = 102.12 MPa
Lower fillet weld in shear:
0.49*117 = 57.33 MPa
Strength of welded joints:
(1) Inner fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Si = ( / 2)*88.9*7*57.33 = 56,040.46 N
(2) Outer fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Pad OD*Leg*So = ( / 2)*190.5*6.35*67.62 = 128,488.37 N
(3) Nozzle wall in shear
( / 2)*Mean nozzle dia*tn*Sn = ( / 2)*83.41*5.49*81.9 = 58,874.63 N
(5) Lower fillet weld in shear
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*Leg*Sl = ( / 2)*88.9*14*57.33 = 112,080.92 N
(6) Upper groove weld in tension
( / 2)*Nozzle OD*tw*Sg = ( / 2)*88.9*7*102.12 = 99,822.98 N
Loading on welds per UG-41(b)(1)
W

=
=
=

(A - A1 + 2*tn*fr1*(E1*t - F*tr))*Sv
(935.1047 - 0 + 2*5.49*1*(1*12 - 1*12))*138
129,044.89 N

W1-1 =
=
=

(A2 + A5 + A41 + A42)*Sv


(205.2254 + 468.6808 + 49.0322 + 0)*138
99,765.51 N

W2-2 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A41 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(205.2254 + 150.5029 + 49.0322 + 195.9351 + 2*5.49*12*1)*138
101,066.96 N

W3-3 =
=
=

(A2 + A3 + A5 + A41 + A42 + A43 + 2*tn*t*fr1)*Sv


(205.2254 + 150.5029 + 468.6808 + 49.0322 + 0 + 195.9351 + 2*5.49*12*1)*138
165,744.92 N

Load for path 1-1 lesser of W or W1-1 = 99,765.51 N


Path 1-1 through (2) & (3) = 128,488.37 + 58,874.63 = 187,362.99 N
Path 1-1 is stronger than W1-1 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 2-2 lesser of W or W2-2 = 101,066.96 N
Path 2-2 through (1), (5), (6) = 56,040.46 + 112,080.92 + 99,822.98 = 267,944.36 N
Path 2-2 is stronger than W2-2 so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(1).
Load for path 3-3 lesser of W or W3-3 = 129,044.89 N
Path 3-3 through (2), (5) = 128,488.37 + 112,080.92 = 240,569.28 N
Path 3-3 is stronger than W so it is acceptable per UG-41(b)(2).

162/162