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# Kumon Math Program

## The aim of the Kumon Math program is to prepare

students so that they can excel in Mathematics.
The lower level Kumon worksheets are designed to
build mastery of the four operations, which are the
basics of Mathematics.
Students with a mastery of addition, subtraction,
complex operations such as long division,
fractions, equation solving and factorization.
Students who are struggling with Math are most
often those with poor foundation skills. Kumon?s
programs are structured in a linear fashion to
ensure that students master one concept before
moving onto the next. Kumon students are able to
progress based on an assessment of their own
needs and skills. This is one of the major
differences between Kumon and school-based
learning.
The Math Program consists of 23 Levels,
numbered Levels 7A through Level Q. Each Level
consists of 200 pages (with the exception of Level
P) and is broken down by topic into sections.
Additionally, each section is broken down into sets

## of 10 pages each. Therefore, each level consists of

20 sets.
7A 6A 5A 4A 3A 2A A B C D E F G
H I J K L M N O P Q
The Kumon Math Program begins with basic
counting to reading numbers. It proceeds to the
subtraction, multiplication and division), then
elevates to Algebra & Trigonometry. It then
graduates to higher Mathematics, such as
Calculus, Statistics & Probabilities, thus following a
logical sequence. It is suitable for preschool
children through to senior high school students.
The main material of the program is the
worksheets. The worksheets were designed in
minute steps to facilitate self-learning. The
worksheets contain mostly computational
problems. As students study higher levels of
Mathematics, the percentage of calculations, both
in school curriculum and textbooks, increases.
That is why, the worksheets will focus on
developing the students computational skills. The
ability to calculate develops the ability to think and
lead the way to creativity. Whenever there are
new lessons presented, examples are provided to

## help students comprehend the concepts behind

the exercises.
The Program begins with very basic number
recognition and number counting. It then
multiplication, division and fractions. Next, positive
and negative numbers are introduced, followed by
algebra, factoring, functions, and finally, calculus.
To reiterate, the Kumon Math Program takes a
very linear approach to learning math. Each
concept that is introduced builds on knowledge
and skills learned from the previous concept. For
this reason, it is important that students
completely master and understand their current
concept before advancing to the next.

7A 6A 5A 4A 3A 2A A B C D E F G
H I J K L M N O P Q

## Level 7A: Students count up to 10 pictures and

dots individually and as a group.
Mastery is gradual and the eventual
goal is for students to be able to say
the total number of objects in each
group without counting. Number

## sequencing is reinforced through the

use of the Magnetic Number Board.
Level 6A: Students count up to 30 using pictures
to recognize groups of up to 20 dots
without counting them individually.
Number sequencing is reinforced
through the use of the Magnetic
Number Board.
Level 5A: Students learn to use a pencil through
line tracing exercises, beginning with
short lines and advancing to long
curved lines. The curved lines gradually
take the shape of large numbers. This
develops the fine motor skills needed to
trace and write numbers independently
and teaches the natural stroke order
required for number formation.
Students also develop their
concentration ability and learn to recite
numbers up to 50.
Level 4A: Students learn to write numbers up to
120 independently. Students also work
with patterns of up to 20 dots. By

## learning to recognize the numbers of

dots in a group without counting,
students become better prepared for
the addition exercises in later levels. By
the end of the Level, students learn to
count up to 220.
Level 3A: Building on a strong sense of number
sequencing from Level 4A, students are
introduced to addition in Level 3A. At
first, students master + 1, + 2, through
+ 5 individually. The last 20 sheets of
this level are dedicated to random
addition questions from + 1 to + 5.
Level 2A: In this level, students learn to add
through to + 10 automatically. This is
also the level where they learn
subtraction, subtracting up to - 9 by
the end. It is very important that
students master the contents of this
level for smooth progress in
subsequent levels. Level 2A greatly
develops a student's speed and
concentration.
Level A: Level A continues horizontal addition

## and subtraction, but with larger

numbers than in Level 2A. This
important level develops the mental
calculation ability of students. By the
end of it, students will be able to add
advanced questions like + 200 and
subtract from numbers as big as 20.
Level B: This level teaches vertical addition and
subtraction. Throughout it, students
will encounter their first word problems
in Kumon. This level draws on the
learned in previous levels when
and "borrow" in questions involving
subtraction. Mastery of Level B greatly
reduces errors in multiplication and
division in Levels C and D.
Level C: Students master the multiplication
tables by practicing until they can
learn up to 4-digit by 1-digit
multiplication with mental carryovers.
Once multiplication is mastered, simple
division by one digit is introduced.
Students who have developed good

## mental calculation ability will not have

to write division steps.
Level D: Students learn double-digit
division. In this challenging section,
students develop estimation skills that
will be necessary for future fraction
work. Once students' ability to work
with all 4 arithmetic operations is
confirmed, they begin to study
fractions, learning to reduce using the
Greatest Common Factor.
Level E: Students learn to add, subtract,
multiply, and divide fractions. Proper
intermediate steps are emphasized. At
the end of the level, students learn
basic fraction/decimal conversions.
Level F:

## Students continue calculations with

fractions, now employing the order of
operations. Level F contains a
challenging section of word problems,
as well as more work with decimals.

## negative numbers, as well as to basic

algebra. Students use their previously
learned four operations skills to master
linear equations. A word problem set
rounds off the level, allowing students
to apply everything they have learned
in Level G.
Level H: Students will learn to solve
simultaneous linear equations in two to
four variables. Concepts of numerical
and algebraic value are strengthened.
Students are introduced to
transforming equations, inequalities,
functions and graphs.
Level I:

## This level thoroughly reviews Levels G

and H and introduces factorization.
Factorization is an essential skill to
equations, also covered in the level.
topics in geometry, specifically related
to the Pythagorean Theorem.

Level J:

## Concepts learned through Level I are

expanded and reinforced. Students are

methods, complex numbers, the
discriminant, and the Factor and
Remainder theorems. At the end of the
level, students conduct proofs of
algebraic equalities and inequalities.
Level K: After a thorough study of quadratic
functions, Level K introduces students
to various types of functions including
higher degree, fractional, irrational, and
exponential, and their corresponding
graphs. The skills developed here will
help ease students into the calculus
exercises of Level L.
Level L:

## Level L marks the beginning of

calculus. Students begin by studying
logarithmic functions, followed by basic
differentiation and definite and
indefinite integration. The level
concludes with an analysis of
applications of integration, including
areas, volumes, velocity and distance.

## Level M: In level M, students begin by studying

the basics of trigonometric functions.

## Students are then introduced to more

analytic geometry.
Level N: Level N begins with the advanced
calculus topic of vector analysis. The
level expands on quadratic regions and
concludes with the study of series and
sequences.
Level O: Level O builds upon topics learned in
Level L and introduces students to a
more advanced study of series and
sequences, limits and differentiation.
Students also experience the
applications of differential calculus,
specifically with regard to maxima and
minima.
Level P: In Level P, students continue their
study of calculus by studying advanced
integration (definite and indefinite) and
applications of integration. Students are
also introduced to differential
equations.
Level Q: Level Q introduces students to the

## study of probability and statistics.

Students study combinations,
permutations, trials, the binomial
theorem, and distributions. To
complete the level, students study
matrices, mappings and
transformations.
The Kumon Reading Program is an individualized
study program designed to improve the students
reading comprehension ability in the English
language. It is divided into five learning blocks:
the word building block, the sentence building
block, the paragraph development block, the
summary block, and the critical reading block.
Each block has an overall learning goal and builds
the necessary foundation for the next learning
block. The entire program consists of 23 study
levels with a total of 3,800 double-sided
worksheets.
Though the main focus of the program is the
grammar lessons are also incorporated.
selections. In order for the students to produce
accurate & meaningful answers, they must be

## equipped with the proper grammar skills. Good

writing and speaking skills are fostered as a
natural outgrowth of the Kumon Reading
curriculum.
The Reading Program consists of 23 levels,
numbered Level 7A through Level L. Each Level
consists of 200 pages and is broken down by topic
into sections. The sections are likewise broken into
sets of 10 pages. Unlike the Math Program, levels
in the Reading Program are grouped together into
Blocks, each block dealing with a certain aspect of
reading instruction. There are five Blocks: Word
Building Block, Sentence Building Block, Paragraph
Building Block, Summary Block and Critique Block.
7A 6A 5A 4A 3A 2A AI AII BI BII
CI CII DI DII EI EII F G H I J K L

## The Kumon Reading Program instills confidence

from the first day by having students work on
materials they are able to complete successfully.
By completing work that is not too difficult at the
beginning, students improve concentration, study
habits, and attention to detail.

## The program begins with simple letter recognition,

phonics and vocabulary development and moves
into a study of grammar and sentence structure.
This is followed by exercises in organizing
information, paragraph structure, passage analysis
and ultimately summary writing and critical
analysis.
The goal of the Kumon Reading Program is for
students to develop reading comprehension skills.
To achieve the goal of improved reading
comprehension, the curriculum focuses on the
development of summarization skills. When
students can quickly, easily and accurately
summarize a passage, they tangibly demonstrate
The Structure of the Kumon Reading Program:
The aim of the Kumon Reading program is to
to a point where they will easily be able to read,
forms of writing from a diversity of fields.
students are guided through all the important
areas of English language learning to develop solid
skills which will benefit them in many areas right

## throughout their lives.

With a desire to develop rich vocabulary at the
earliest possible age, the Kumon materials begin
with simple pictures and words to repeat and
recite. It continues through 23 levels covering
topics such as familiar letter combinations, the
functions of words, simple and complex sentence
analysis, paraphrasing and argument
development. Finally, it concludes by teaching
skills in analyzing and summarizing complex texts
such as Shakespeare and other well-known literary
works.
Students start at a level that is comfortable for
them and progress at their own pace to reach
their own individual goals. The materials have
been produced to allow smooth and sequential
study for all students. Many supplementary
materials, such as CDs and flash cards, are also
used for various purposes to complement the
content of the worksheets.
The Kumon Reading program aims to develop and
foster a love of reading. Students are encouraged
to read books from the Kumon Recommended
Reading List from which many worksheet excerpts
have been selected.

7A 6A 5A 4A 3A 2A AI AII BI BII
CI CII DI DII EI EII F G H I J K L

## Level 7A: In this beginning level of the Kumon

skills they will need to become
to connect words to familiar objects
and will repeat words starting with the
same sound.
Level 6A: In 6A, children are exposed to
rhyming words, phrases, and
sentences. Students continue to
including phonemic awareness, in
preparation for later phonics study in
5A and beyond.
Level 5A: Phonics exercises help students learn
individual letter sounds and

## consonant-short vowel combinations.

Students increase concentration,
improve hand-eye coordination, and
develop writing skills.
Level 4A: More sound parts, including consonant
clusters, are introduced. Students
trace words and begin freehand letter
writing by filling in missing letters
within words. These exercises, as well
as exercises that focus on rhyming
words, help develop students' spelling
skills.
Level 3A: Students develop greater pencil
control by writing properly
proportioned and spaced letters within
box guidelines. Students develop their
ability to read longer words through
exercises focusing on syllables.
Spelling skills are developed
throughout the level, and for the first
comprehension through matching
exercises.
Level 2A: Students identify nouns, verbs, and

## adjectives, and use them within

sentences. Students learn the singular
and plural forms of nouns and verbs,
and the comparative and superlative
forms of adjectives. Spelling skills are
reinforced throughout the level.
Level AI: Level A1 marks the beginning of the
Sentence Building Block. Students
study the structure of simple
sentences and learn expressions which
convey attitude or intention, such as
"can," "must," "may" and "should."
Students learn to write negative
sentences, questions, and sentences
using the past tense. Punctuation
exercises appear for the first time.
Students continue to develop their
comprehension skills.
Level AII: Through reading stories and
writing skills. Technical skills such as
punctuation, spelling and capitalization
are also solidified. Students develop
the ability to recognize a sequence of

## thoughts developed within a short

paragraph.
Level BI: Students refine their ability to identify
subject and predicate in longer
sentences containing modifiers such as
conjugate irregular verbs, as well as
study pronouns, prepositions and
irregular plurals of nouns.
Level BII: Students focus on reading
comprehension and vocabulary
building. Students develop their ability
to define words using context clues in
the stories; to identify main ideas that
occur within a story to better
understand the story as a whole; and
to compare and contrast actions,
characters and information from a
passage.
Level CI: In Level CI, students further refine
their ability to identify subjects, verbs,
and objects, as well as learn how to
conjugate the future, progressive, and
perfect tenses. Students' punctuation

## study continues with commas in a

series and singular and plural
possessives. By the end of the level,
students write complete sentences
independently.
Level CII: Level CII is the last level in the
Sentence Building Block. Children
comprehension, vocabulary and
writing skills. Students develop their
ability to construct and respond to
questions using who, what, where,
when and how; to interpret
information in charts, as well as to
take information from passages and
organize it into a chart format; and
Level DI: Level DI marks the beginning of the
Paragraph Building Block. Students
learn to write compound and complex
sentences by combining simple
sentences. Then, students learn to
extract statements from paragraphs to
identify a statement as a single unit of
thought. Students also expand their
vocabulary by studying selected words

## from expository passages.

Level DII: Students continue to build their
the topic and then the main idea.
Using their knowledge of finding the
main idea of a paragraph, students
then develop their understanding of
how paragraphs flow within a
passage. Students also practice
expanding their vocabulary by
studying selected words from literary
and expository passages.
Level EI: Students learn how clauses can
convert direct speech to indirect
speech and vice versa. Diagramming
exercises enable students to visualize
information within a passage, which
helps develop their ability to follow
and organize content logically.
Students also expand their vocabulary
by studying selected words from
expository passages.

## Level EII: The student develops a better

understanding of a story's sequence of
events and imagery. Diagramming
exercises help the student visualize a
story, and learn how events in a
passage affect a certain result or
outcome. Reason and logic exercises
build the student's ability to compose
rephrasing. Students also expand their
vocabulary by studying selected words
from literary and expository passages.
Level F:

## Level F is the last stage of the

Paragraph Building Block.
Paraphrasing and concision exercises
show students how to combine,
condense, and rewrite information
found in a reading passage. The ability
to identify the main topic and
elements of a paragraph is
emphasized and practiced. Vocabulary
exercises also assist students in
successfully paraphrasing.

Level G:

## Level G marks the beginning of the

Summary Block. Students learn to
condense all the important information

## from a passage into a summary one

third of length of the original passage.
Students are formally introduced to
story elements such as plot, character
and setting. Included in the level are
excerpts from the writings of Edgar
Allen Poe, Louisa M. Alcott, and Oscar
Wilde.
Level H:

## Students develop greater sensitivity to

authors' use of descriptive language.
Summation exercises help students
focus on specific points within
passages. Vocabulary exercises
introduce Greek and Latin suffixes,
prefixes and roots. Included in the
level are excerpts from Jane Eyre,
Treasure Island, and The War of the
Worlds.

Level I:

## Students analyze the persuasive

writing style found in speeches,
documents. They also learn the
components and strategies of the
more formal "argument." The level
concludes with a study of pr?cis, the
most complex form of summary.

## Among the readings included are

speeches by Dwight Eisenhower and
Albert Einstein, and fiction by General
Durrell and Agatha Christie.
Level J:

## Exercises which focus on more subtle

details of structure, theme, and
character lead students to a closer
reading of the text than in previous
students' understanding of how a
writer's intentions are reflected in
various aspects of the work under
excerpts from To Kill a Mockingbird,
Pride and Prejudice, and The

Level K:

## Level K continues to develop students'

literature. In introductory sets
non-fiction pieces introducing and
explaining various literary terms such
as Plot, Setting and Atmosphere,
Irony, and Comedy. In subsequent
sets, students then read extracts from

## novels, plays, or poems,

demonstrating these devices in action.
classics such as Macbeth, Hamlet, and
King Oedipus, as well as from more
modern works such as The Spy Came
in from the Cold, and The Importance
of Being Earnest.
Level L:

## Level L gives students a greater ability

to understand the meaning of a text
beyond the obvious, common meaning
of the vocabulary the author uses.
Students are exposed to the basic
elements that comprise figurative
language and the interpretation of it,
making them better able to decipher
the plot, the values in which the
author might believe, and the virtues
and vices of the characters involved in
the story. Students read from the
Norton Introduction to Poetry, as well
as from a variety of poetry, short
stories, and tragedies (like Macbeth
and Death of a Salesman), and
conclude the level with an excerpt
from the novel, The French
Lieutenant's Woman