Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 42

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node

Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Managing the Performance

About This Chapter


This part describes the functions, steps, and commands of the performance management.
9.1 Overview of the Performance Measurement
This part describes the objects and concepts concerning the performance measurement.
9.2 Description of Measurement Sets and Measurement Units
This part describes the measurement sets and measurement units.
9.3 Operations of the LMT Performance Measurement
This part describes the operations of the local maintenance terminal (LMT) performance
measurement.
9.4 Operations of the Performance Browser Tool
This part describes how to operate the performance browser tool.
9.5 Analyzing Performance Measurement Data
This part describes how to analyze the performance measurement data.
9.6 Clearing Faults of Performance Measurement
This part describes how to clear the faults of performance measurement.

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-1

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.1 Overview of the Performance Measurement


This part describes the objects and concepts concerning the performance measurement.
9.1.1 Structure of the Performance Measurement System
This part describes the structure of the performance measurement system.
9.1.2 Principle of the M2000 Performance Measurement
This part describes the principle of the M2000 performance measurement, measurement task
implementation, and measurement results.
9.1.3 Concepts of the Performance Measurement
This part describes the concepts of the performance measurement.
9.1.4 Relations Among Measurement Items, Measurement Units, and Measurement Sets
This part describes the relations among measurement items, measurement units, and
measurement sets.

9.1.1 Structure of the Performance Measurement System


This part describes the structure of the performance measurement system.

System Structure
The performance management system of the GGSN9811 consists of:
l

GGSN9811/back administration module (BAM)

Local maintenance terminal (LMT)

iManager M2000 mobile element management system (M2000)

Figure 9-1 shows the structure of performance management system of the GGSN9811.
Figure 9-1 Structure of the performance management system of the GGSN9811

LAN
Local LMT

M2000
Server

M2000
Client

Modem
GGSN/BAM

PSTN
Modem
Remote LMT

9-2

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

GGSN9811/BAM
The GGSN9811 is a functional entity in the general packet radio service (GPRS)/Universal
mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) network. The BAM is the module of the operation
and maintenance (O&M) system of the GGSN9811. The BAM reports the performance
measurement statistics of the GGSN9811 to the M2000.

LMT
The LMT is connected to the GGSN9811 through the intranet, Internet, or modem. You can
locally or remotely operate and maintain the GGSN9811 through the LMT.

M2000
The M2000 is connected to the GGSN9811 through the BAM. The M2000 is an integrated O&M
system developed for the UMTS by Huawei. The NEs including the GGSN9811 in the UMTS
can be managed through the M2000.
The M2000 provides the following performance management functions through the graphic user
interface (GUI):
l

Performance measurement task management

Performance measurement task status management

Performance measurement task threshold management

9.1.2 Principle of the M2000 Performance Measurement


This part describes the principle of the M2000 performance measurement, measurement task
implementation, and measurement results.

Performance Measurement Description File


The measurement items that are supported by the GGSN9811 are fixed. They are defined in the
GGSN9811 performance measurement description file.
This file describes all measurement items and relevant configuration that are supported by the
current version of the GGSN9811.

Performance Measurement Task Implementation and Result Generation


In performance measurement, the M2000 collects measurement data from the GGSN9811 based
on the default measurement task.
The default measurement task is defined in the default measurement task file. This file describes
the data to be collected for measurement items in the default measurement task.
According to the default measurement task file and the defined periods of the default tasks
described in the file, the GGSN9811 collects the data of relevant items. Then, the GGSN9811
generates a result file in which the data of each period of all the measurement tasks is recorded.

Collection and Analysis of Performance Measurement Result


If an M2000 subscribes to the notice from the GGSN9811, the GGSN9811 sends the generation
notice of the result file to the M2000.
Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-3

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

The M2000 then FTP obtains the notice. At the same time, the M2000 analyzes the result. If a
performance specification exceeds the threshold, the system generates a performance threshold
alarm.
Figure 9-2 shows the performance measurement function of the GGSN9811/M2000.
Figure 9-2 Performance measurement function
Activate a default performance
measurement task
M2000

Query performance
measurement result
M2000

Threshold alarm/Result
subscription
M2000

Report performance
measurement result
GGSN9811

Save performance
measurement result
M2000

Analyzing performance
measurement result
M2000

Subscribe notice to
GGSN9811
M2000

Obtain measurement
result by the FTP
M200
M2000
0

9.1.3 Concepts of the Performance Measurement


This part describes the concepts of the performance measurement.
The structure of performance measurement system of the GGSN9811 is of four nodes:
l

Level 1: measurement object

Level 2: measurement set

Level 3: measurement unit

Level 4: measurement item

Measurement Objects
A measurement object defines what is measured. The object is a physical or logic entity, or a
combination of entities.
Table 9-1 lists the measurement objects of the GGSN9811. These are the level-1 nodes in the
structure of performance measurement system.
The attribute of the measurement object defines what to be measured. The measurement object
may be physical items such as boards, or logic items. The measurement objects and measurement
items are related.
A measurement object defines a type. The object may involve many instances. In a specific
measurement task, the attribute of the object is the specific instance. If the average CPU usage
of boards is measured, the object is the boards. The boards of the GGSN9811 are an instance of
the measurement object. When the measurement task is created, the boards must be specified.
9-4

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

The default measurement objects are boards and subracks of the GGSN9811.
Table 9-1 Possible measurement objects in the GGSN9811 system
M2000 Object ID

BAM Object ID

Object Name

134218178

CG IP

134218179

IMSI

134218180

APN

134218181

Board

134218182

GGSN function

134218183

HPLMN

134218184

SGSN IP

Measurement Sets
The measurement set is the category of the measurement units.
The measurement set is a level-2 node in the structure of the performance measurement system
of the GGSN9811.
There is a one-to-many relation between measurement sets and measurement units. A
measurement set contains multiple measurement units. A measurement unit can belong to only
one measurement set.

Measurement Units
The measurement unit is the category of the measurement items.
The measurement unit is a level-3 node in the structure of the performance measurement system
of the GGSN9811.
There is a one-to-many relation between measurement units and measurement items. A
measurement unit contains multiple measurement items. A measurement item can belong to only
one measurement unit.

Measurement Items
The basic unit of performance measurement is called measurement item, such as the average
number of activated PDP contexts, peak throughput of the Gn interface, average CPU usage,
and number of successfully-created call detail records (CDRs).
The measurement item is a level-4 node in the structure of the performance measurement system
of the GGSN9811.

Measurement Thresholds
When the value of a measurement item is higher or lower than the critical value, the system
generates alarms. The critical value here is the measurement threshold. You can set the threshold.
Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-5

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

You can perform the following operations on the measurement threshold:


l

Set the thresholds of a specified task.


You can set the upper limit value, lower limit value, or both for a measurement item of a
task.

Query the thresholds of a specified task.


You can browse all configured thresholds based on a task ID.

Delete the thresholds of a specified task.


You can delete the configured threshold of a certain measurement item based on a task ID.

Measurement Results
When a measurement period is over, the GGSN9811 generates a result file for each default task.
If the file generation succeeds, the GGSN9811 sends a notice indicating that the measurement
result file is ready to the M2000 that subscribes to the notice. If the generation of the file fails,
the GGSN9811 sends a notice indicating that the measurement result file fails to the M2000.
After receiving the notice indicating the measurement result file is ready, the M2000 sends an
order to upload measurement result file to the GGSN9811. The GGSN9811 FTP uploads the
file to the directory specified by the M2000.
When the upload of the result file is complete, the GGSN9811 sends a notice indicating that the
file transfer is over to the M2000. If the upload fails, the GGSN9811 sends a notice indicating
the file transfer fails to the M2000.

9.1.4 Relations Among Measurement Items, Measurement Units,


and Measurement Sets
This part describes the relations among measurement items, measurement units, and
measurement sets.
The measurement item is the basic unit of the performance measurement. It specifies the
measurement object, that is, what to be measured. For example, the number of Packet Data
Protocol (PDP) context activation successes is a measurement item.
For the convenience of managing large quantity of measurement items in the system, the items
are classified into three levels:
l

Level 1: measurement set, containing several measurement units related to certain functions
of the system

Level 2: measurement unit, containing several measurement items related to certain


functions of the system

Level 3: measurement item, existing in the tree structure system of "measurement object
class->measurement set->measurement unit->measurement item"

Table 9-2 lists the relations among measurement sets, measurement units, and measurement
items.

9-6

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Table 9-2 Relations among measurement sets, measurement units, and measurement items
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Measurement Item

Basic session measurement


(specified APN)

GTPv1 session measurement


(specified APN)

Number of GTPv1 MSinitiated activation requests


Number of GTPv1 MSinitiated successful
activations
GTPv0 session measurement
(specified APN)

Session status measurement


(specified APN)

A measurement set contains one or multiple measurement units. A measurement unit contains
one or multiple measurement items.
For details on measurement sets, measurement units, and measurement items of the
GGSN9811, see the appendix of this document.

9.2 Description of Measurement Sets and Measurement


Units
This part describes the measurement sets and measurement units.
9.2.1 Overview
This part describes the concepts of the measurement set and measurement unit.
9.2.2 Session Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the session measurement.
9.2.3 Forwarding Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the forwarding performance
measurement.
9.2.4 Charging Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the charging measurement.
9.2.5 AAA Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the authentication,
authorization and accounting (AAA) performance measurement.
9.2.6 Intelligent Service Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the intelligent service
performance measurement.
9.2.7 PPP Control Plane Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Point-to-Point Protocol
(PPP) control plane performance measurement.
9.2.8 L2TP Control Plane Performance Measurement
Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-7

9 Managing the Performance

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Layer 2 Tunneling
Protocol (L2TP) control plane performance measurement.
9.2.9 Forwarding Performance Measurement (Specified APN)
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the forwarding performance
measurement (specified APN).
9.2.10 DHCP Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) performance measurement.
9.2.11 System Resource Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the system resource
measurement.
9.2.12 MIP FA Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Mobile Internet
Protocol (MIP) foreign agent (FA) performance measurement.
9.2.13 Signaling Message Error Cause Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and measurement unit of the signaling message error
cause measurement.
9.2.14 Traffic-Class-Based Basic Session Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the traffic-class-based
basic session measurement.
9.2.15 Traffic-Class-Based Forwarding Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the traffic-class-based
forwarding performance measurement.
9.2.16 User Number Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the user number
measurement.
9.2.17 Traffic-Class-Based APN Session Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the traffic-class-based
access point name (APN) session performance measurement.
9.2.18 IMS Basic Session Service Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the IP multimedia
subsystem (IMS) basic session service measurement.
9.2.19 IMS Session Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the IP multimedia
subsystem (IMS) session performance measurement.
9.2.20 Layer 7 Parse Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the layer 7 parse
performance measurement.
9.2.21 Gy Interface Performance Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Gy interface
performance measurement.
9.2.22 Prepaid Service Measurement
This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the prepaid service
measurement.
9-8

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.2.23 DiffServ PDP Context Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the differentiated service
(DiffServ) Packet Data Protocol (PDP) context measurement.

9.2.1 Overview
This part describes the concepts of the measurement set and measurement unit.
Table 9-3 lists 29 measurement sets and 31 measurement units of the GGSN9811.
Table 9-3 Measurement sets and measurement units
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Basic session measurement

Basic session measurement

Forwarding performance measurement

Forwarding performance measurement

G-CDR measurement

G-CDR measurement

Ga interface performance measurement

Ga interface performance measurement

AAA performance measurement

AAA performance measurement

System resources measurement

System resources performance measurement

Ga interface performance measurement


(specified CG)

Ga interface performance measurement


(specified CG)

Basic session measurement (specified APN)

GTPv1 session measurement (specified


APN)
GTPv0 session measurement (specified
APN)
Session status measurement (specified APN)

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

User CDR measurement

G-CDR measurement (specified IMSI)

AAA performance measurement (specified


APN)

AAA performance measurement (specified


APN)

PPP control plane performance measurement

PPP control plane performance measurement

L2TP control plane performance


measurement

L2TP control plane performance


measurement

Intelligent service performance measurement

Intelligent service performance measurement

DHCP performance measurement

DHCP performance measurement

Forwarding performance measurement


(specified APN)

Forwarding performance measurement


(specified APN)

MIP FA performance measurement

MIP FA performance measurement

Basic session measurement (specified


HPLMN)

Basic session measurement (specified


HPLMN)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-9

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Basic session measurement (specified SGSN)

Basic session measurement (specified SGSN)

Signaling message error cause measurement

Signaling message error cause measurement

Traffic-class-based basic session


measurement

Traffic-class-based basic session


measurement

Traffic-class-based forwarding performance


measurement

Traffic-class-based forwarding performance


measurement

User number measurement

User number measurement

Traffic-class-based APN session


measurement

Traffic-class-based APN status measurement

Layer 7 resolution performance measurement

Layer 7 resolution performance measurement

Gy interface performance measurement set

Gy interface performance measurement

Prepaid service measurement set

Prepaid service measurement

IMS session performance measurement

IMS session performance measurement

IMS basic session service measurement

IMS basic session service measurement

DiffServ PDP context counting and querying

DiffServ PDP context measurement

NOTE

The following sections are categorized in terms of functions. Thus, one section may contain different
measurement sets. The measurement sets are divided in terms of functions and objects.

Different software versions may provide different measurement sets and measurement units.

9.2.2 Session Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the session measurement.
The basic session measurement collects the data relating to the session process in the GGSN.
The measured session process includes:
l

Session activation

Session deactivation

Session modification

The main measurement items of the basic session include:


l

Number of requests

Number of successes

Number of failures for various reasons

Number of users

Table 9-4 lists the measurement units relating to the session management.
9-10

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Table 9-4 Measurement units relating to the session management


Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Basic session measurement

Basic session measurement

Success rate of PDP context


activations, number of PDP
context activation and
deactivation successes

Basic session measurement


(specified APN)

GTPv1 session measurement


(specified APN)

Providing session
performance measurement
relating to a specified 3G
APN

GTPv0 session measurement


(specified APN)

Providing session
performance measurement
relating to a specified 2G
APN

Session status measurement


(specified APN)

Providing status
measurement relating to a
specified APN

Basic session measurement


(specified HPLMN)

Basic session measurement


(specified HPLMN)

Providing session
measurement relating to a
specified HPLMN

Basic session measurement


(specified GGSN)

Basic session measurement


(specified GGSN)

Providing session
measurement relating to a
specified GGSN

9.2.3 Forwarding Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the forwarding performance
measurement.
The measurement relating to the forwarding performance management process includes
following information:
l

Number of uplink packets on the Gn interface

Number of downlink packets on the Gn interface

Number of uplink packets on the Gi interface

Number of downlink packets on the Gi interface

GGSN average packet throughput

Peak packet throughput

Forwarding success rate

Table 9-5 lists the measurement unit relating to the forwarding performance management.

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-11

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Table 9-5 Measurement unit relating to the forwarding performance management


Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Forwarding performance
measurement

Forwarding performance
measurement

Number of forwarding
packets, throughput,
forwarding success rate of
the Gn and Gi interfaces

9.2.4 Charging Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the charging measurement.
The measurement relating to charging function provides the number of successful and failed GCDRs generated for all users or specified users.
Table 9-6 lists the measurement units relating to the charging function.
Table 9-6 Measurement units relating to the charging function
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

G-CDR measurement

G-CDR measurement

Counting the number of GCDRs generated for all users


of the system, including
successful and failed
generation of G-CDRs

Ga interface performance
measurement

Ga interface performance
measurement

Counting the following:

Ga interface performance
measurement (specified CG)

9-12

Ga interface performance
measurement (specified CG)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Number of connection
interruptions between the
GGSN and the CG

CG redirections

Bytes and number of GCDRs sent to the CG from


the GGSN

Based on different IP
addresses of the CGs,
counting:
l

Number of connection
interruptions between the
GGSN and the CG

CG redirections

Bytes and number of GCDRs sent to the CG from


the GGSN

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

User CDR measurement

G-CDR measurement
(specified IMSI)

Counting the number of GCDRs generated for all users


of the system, including
successful and failed
generation of G-CDRs

9.2.5 AAA Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the authentication,
authorization and accounting (AAA) performance measurement.
Table 9-7 lists the measurement units relating to the AAA performance measurement.
Table 9-7 Measurement units relating to the AAA performance measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

AAA performance
measurement

AAA performance
measurement

Counting the following


information of the system:

AAA performance
measurement (specified
APN)

AAA performance
measurement (specified
APN)

Number of authentication
request successes

Number of charging
request successes

Number of authentication
request attempts

Number of charging
request attempts

Counting the following


information of a specified
APN:
l

Number of authentication
request successes

Number of charging
request successes

Number of authentication
request attempts

Number of charging
request attempts

9.2.6 Intelligent Service Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the intelligent service
performance measurement.
Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-13

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Table 9-8 lists the measurement unit relating to the intelligent service performance
measurement.
Table 9-8 Measurement unit relating to the intelligent service performance measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Intelligent service
performance measurement

Intelligent service
performance measurement

Measuring the data relating


to intelligent sessions such
as:
l

Number of intelligent PDP


context activation requests

Number of intelligent PDP


context activation
successes

9.2.7 PPP Control Plane Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Point-to-Point Protocol
(PPP) control plane performance measurement.
The PPP control plane performance measurement includes:
l

Total PPP negotiation packets

LCP negotiation successes

LCP negotiation attempts

IPCP negotiation successes

IPCP negotiation attempts

Table 9-9 lists the measurement unit relating to the PPP control plane performance.
Table 9-9 Measurement unit relating to the PPP control plane performance

9-14

Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

PPP control plane


performance measurement

PPP control plane


performance measurement

Counting the following:

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Total PPP negotiation


packets

LCP negotiation successes

LCP negotiation attempts

IPCP negotiation
successes

IPCP negotiation attempts

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.2.8 L2TP Control Plane Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Layer 2 Tunneling
Protocol (L2TP) control plane performance measurement.
Table 9-10 lists the measurement unit relating to the L2TP control plane performance
measurement.
Table 9-10 Measurement unit relating to the L2TP control plane performance measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

L2TP control plane


performance measurement

L2TP control plane


performance measurement

Counting the following:


l

Total L2TP control


packets

Number of established
L2TP tunnels

Number of established
L2TP sessions

9.2.9 Forwarding Performance Measurement (Specified APN)


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the forwarding performance
measurement (specified APN).
Table 9-11 lists the measurement unit relating to the forwarding performance measurement
(specified APN).
Table 9-11 Measurement unit relating to the forwarding performance measurement (specified
APN)

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Forwarding performance
measurement (specified
APN)

Forwarding performance
measurement (specified
APN)

Counting the following


information of the specified
APN:

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Number of uplink and


downlink packets of the
Gn interface

Number of uplink and


downlink packets of the Gi
interface

APN average packet


throughput

APN forwarding success


rate

9-15

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.2.10 DHCP Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Dynamic Host
Configuration Protocol (DHCP) performance measurement.
Table 9-12 lists the measurement unit relating to the DHCP performance measurement.
Table 9-12 Measurement unit relating to the DHCP performance measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

DHCP performance
measurement

DHCP performance
measurement

Counting the following:


l

Number of received
DHCP address allocation
requests

Number of DHCP address


allocation successes

Number of DHCP address


allocation failures

9.2.11 System Resource Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the system resource
measurement.
Table 9-13 lists the measurement unit relating to system operation status.
Table 9-13 Measurement unit relating to system operation status
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

System resource
measurement

System resource
measurement

Providing the usage of the


system resources including
the CPU and memory

9.2.12 MIP FA Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Mobile Internet
Protocol (MIP) foreign agent (FA) performance measurement.
Table 9-14 lists the measurement unit relating to the MIP FA performance measurement.

9-16

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Table 9-14 Measurement unit relating to the MIP FA performance measurement


Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

MIP FA performance
measurement

MIP FA performance
measurement

Providing the statistics such


as the total number of valid
registration requests
recorded by FA and that of
received valid registration
responses

9.2.13 Signaling Message Error Cause Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and measurement unit of the signaling message error
cause measurement.
Table 9-15 lists the measurement unit relating to the signaling message error cause
measurement.
Table 9-15 Measurement unit relating to the signaling message error cause measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Signaling message error


cause measurement

Signaling message error


cause measurement

Providing the number of


signaling message errors
based on the causes
(collecting the statistics of
the signaling of the Gn
interface)

9.2.14 Traffic-Class-Based Basic Session Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the traffic-class-based
basic session measurement.
Table 9-16 lists the measurement unit relating to the traffic-class-based basic session
measurement.
Table 9-16 Measurement unit relating to the traffic-class-based basic session measurement

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Traffic-class-based basic
session measurement

Traffic-class-based basic
session measurement

Measuring basic sessions and


collecting statistics based on
the traffic class and user
priority level

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-17

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.2.15 Traffic-Class-Based Forwarding Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the traffic-class-based
forwarding performance measurement.
Table 9-17 lists the measurement unit relating to the traffic-class-based forwarding performance
measurement.
Table 9-17 Measurement unit relating to the traffic-class-based forwarding performance
measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Traffic-class-based
forwarding performance
measurement

Traffic-class-based
forwarding performance
measurement

Measuring the forwarding


performance of the Gn and Gi
interfaces and collecting the
statistics based on the traffic
class and user priority level

9.2.16 User Number Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the user number
measurement.
Table 9-18 lists the measurement unit relating to the user number measurement.
Table 9-18 Measurement unit relating to the user number measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

User number measurement

User number measurement

Counting the current user


number and the maximum
user number

9.2.17 Traffic-Class-Based APN Session Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the traffic-class-based
access point name (APN) session performance measurement.
Table 9-19 lists the measurement unit relating to the traffic-class-based APN session
performance measurement.

9-18

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Table 9-19 Measurement unit relating to the traffic-class-based APN session performance
measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Traffic-class-based APN
session performance
measurement

Traffic-class-based APN
session performance
measurement

Measuring the APN-based


basic session performance
based on the traffic class and
user priority level

9.2.18 IMS Basic Session Service Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the IP multimedia
subsystem (IMS) basic session service measurement.
Table 9-20 lists the measurement unit relating to the IMS basic session service measurement.
Table 9-20 Measurement unit relating to the IMS basic session service measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

IMS basic session service


measurement

IMS basic session service


measurement

Counting the times for which


the GGSN sends the REQs,
authorization requests,
RPTs, DRQs, and SSCs to
the PDF and the times for
which the GGSN receives the
DECs and SSQs from the
PDF

9.2.19 IMS Session Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the IP multimedia
subsystem (IMS) session performance measurement.
Table 9-21 lists the measurement unit relating to the IMS session performance measurement.
Table 9-21 Measurement unit relating to the IMS session performance measurement

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

IMS session performance


measurement

IMS session performance


measurement

Measuring context activation


and deactivation of the APNbased IMS media stream,
APN-based SGSN-initiated
media stream, and APNbased PDF-initiated media
stream

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-19

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.2.20 Layer 7 Parse Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the layer 7 parse
performance measurement.
Table 9-22 lists the measurement unit relating to the layer 7 parse performance measurement.
Table 9-22 Measurement unit relating to the layer 7 parse performance measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Layer 7 resolution
performance measurement

Layer 7 resolution
performance measurement

Collecting statistics of the


performance specifications
of the content-based charging
layer 7 parse such as:
l

Number of uplink and


downlink packets

Packet throughput

Forwarding success rate

Number and bytes of


HTTP/WAP/RTSP/FTP
uplink and downlink
packets

9.2.21 Gy Interface Performance Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the Gy interface
performance measurement.
Table 9-23 lists the measurement unit relating to the Gy interface performance measurement.
Table 9-23 Measurement unit relating to the Gy interface performance measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Gy interface performance
measurement

Gy interface performance
measurement

Collecting the statistics of the


throughput, number and
bytes of uplink and downlink
packets of the Gy interface

9.2.22 Prepaid Service Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the prepaid service
measurement.
Table 9-24 lists the measurement unit relating to the prepaid service measurement.

9-20

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Table 9-24 Measurement unit relating to the prepaid service measurement


Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

Prepaid service measurement

Prepaid service measurement

Measuring the performance


specifications relating to the
Diameter prepaid service

9.2.23 DiffServ PDP Context Measurement


This part describes the measurement set and the measurement unit of the differentiated service
(DiffServ) Packet Data Protocol (PDP) context measurement.
Table 9-25 lists the measurement unit relating to the DiffServ PDP context measurement.
Table 9-25 Measurement unit relating to the DiffServ PDP context measurement
Measurement Set

Measurement Unit

Description

DiffServ PDP context


measurement

DiffServ PDP context


measurement

Counting and querying the


real-time number of the
DiffServ PDP contexts

9.3 Operations of the LMT Performance Measurement


This part describes the operations of the local maintenance terminal (LMT) performance
measurement.
9.3.1 Managing Measurement Objects
This part describes how to manage the measurement objects.
9.3.2 Managing Measurement Task Files
This part describes how to manage the measurement task files.
9.3.3 Managing Measurement Result Files
This part describes how to manage the measurement result files.
9.3.4 Uploading Measurement Description Files
This part describes how to upload the measurement description files.

9.3.1 Managing Measurement Objects


This part describes how to manage the measurement objects.
9.3.1.1 Adding Measurement Objects
This part describes how to adding measurement objects.
9.3.1.2 Removing Measurement Objects
This part describes how to removing measurement objects.
9.3.1.3 Querying Measurement Objects
This part describes how to querying measurement objects.
Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-21

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Adding Measurement Objects


This part describes how to adding measurement objects.

Context
ADD MEASOBJ is used to add a measurement object. The measurement object is a certain
physical or logic resource entity in performance management. The objects added on other
management terminals such as the local maintenance terminal (LMT) or network elements (NEs)
are not displayed on the interface of the M2000. The objects added on the M2000 are suitable
only for the measurement objects of which the period is longer than 30 minutes.
If you add an existing object, a success message is returned.

Procedure
l

Add a measurement object.


Add a measurement object. The object class is APN. The object instance is isp.com.

ADD MEASOBJ: MOC=APN, MOI="ISP.com";ADD MEASOBJ: MOC=IMSI,


MOI="460010";
l

Add multiple measurement objects.


Add two measurement objects. The object class is APN. The object instances are isp1.com
and isp2.com.

ADD MEASOBJ: MOC=APN, MOI="isp1.com&isp2.com";


----End

Removing Measurement Objects


This part describes how to removing measurement objects.

Context
RMV MEASOBJ is used to remove a measurement object. The objects measured by the M2000
must be removed from the interface of the M2000.
l

If the value of the object class is not specified, all measured object class instances that can
be configured are removed.

If the value of the object instance is not specified, all objects of this class are removed.

If an object that does not exist is removed, a success message is returned.

Remove a measurement object.

Example
Remove a measurement object. The object class is APN. The object instance is ISP.com.
RMV MEASOBJ: MOC = "APN", MOI = "ISP.com";
l

Remove a measurement object.


The object class is HPLMN. The object instance is 460123. The mobile country code is
460. The mobile network code is 123.

9-22

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

RMV MEASOBJ: MOC=HPLMN, MOI="460123";


l

Remove a measurement object.


The object class is SGSN_IP. The object instance is 192.168.1.1.

RMV MEASOBJ: MOC= SGSN_IP, MOI="192.168.1.1";

Querying Measurement Objects


This part describes how to querying measurement objects.

Context
LST MEASOBJ is used to query a measurement object.
In an object class, the object instances that are collecting data is listed.

Example
Query a measurement object. The object class is APN.
LST MEASOBJ: MOC=APN;
The results are as follows:
+++
GGSN HUAWEI
2006-08-31 16:14:23 O&M
% RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded

#357 %%LST MEASOBJ: MOC=APN;%

Measurement Object List ----------------------- MOC


APN
huawei (Number of results = 1)
---

MOI

END

9.3.2 Managing Measurement Task Files


This part describes how to manage the measurement task files.
9.3.2.1 Verifying Task Files
This part describes how to verifying task files.
9.3.2.2 Activating Standby Task Files
This part describes how to activating standby task files.
9.3.2.3 Downloading Task Files
This part describes how to downloading task files.
9.3.2.4 Uploading Task Files
This part describes how to uploading task files.
9.3.2.5 Querying Task Files
This part describes how to querying task files.

Verifying Task Files


This part describes how to verifying task files.
Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-23

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Context
VRF DEFMEAS is used to check whether the items and objects in the measurement task file
are valid and whether the active task file and the standby task file are consistent.
The file status in the measurement result is as follows:
l

OK
The file is normal.

CORRUPT
The file is abnormal.

NONEXIST
The file does not exist.

The active task file is the file that is activated. When the standby task file is activated, it becomes
the active task file.

Example
Verify the task file.
VRF DEFMEAS:; +++
GGSN HUAWEI
2006-08-24 01:02:40 O&M
DEFMEAS:;%% RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded

#19 %%VRF

Default Measurement Files Status -------------------------------- File


Name
Status
DefaultMeas_Active.xml
DefaultMeas_Standby.xml
is identical to active file?

OK
OK The standby file
TRUE (Number of results = 3)

---END

Activating Standby Task Files


This part describes how to activating standby task files.

Context
ACT SDEFMEAS is used to activate the standby task file.
The validity of the task file is checked when the standby task file is activated.
The standby task file becomes the active task file after activation. The original active task file
becomes the standby task file.
When the activation succeeds, the new task file takes effect immediately. The result file of the
current period is generated based on the new task file.

Example
Activate the standby task file.
ACT SDEFMEAS:;

Downloading Task Files


This part describes how to downloading task files.
9-24

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Context
DLD DEFMEAS is used to download the task file from the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server
to the GGSN.
The active task file and standby task file are saved on the GGSN. The active task file is used
currently. The downloaded task file replaces the standby task file.
After the task file is downloaded to the master main control board, the file on the slave main
control board is synchronized automatically.
The downloaded task file replaces the standby task file.

Example
Download the task file.
l

The source task file name is GGSN.

The IP address of the FTP server is 10.10.10.10.

The user name of the FTP server is Name.

The password of the FTP server is password.

DLD DEFMEAS: SRCF = "/M2000/GGSN_DefaultMeas_Active.xml", IP =


"10.10.10.10", USR = "Name", PWD = "password";

Postrequisite
Uploading Task Files
This part describes how to uploading task files.

Context
ULD DEFMEAS is used to upload the task file from the GGSN to the File Transfer Protocol
(FTP) server.
Before you run this command, you must check whether there is a file with the same name as the
file to be uploaded to the FTP server.

Example
Upload the task file.
l

The task file type is ACTIVE.

The destination task file name is GGSN.

The IP address of the FTP server is 10.10.10.10.

The user name of the FTP server is Name.

The password of the FTP server is password.

ULD DEFMEAS: FT=ACTIVE,DSTF="GGSN_DefaultMeas_Active.xml",


IP="10.10.10.10", USR="Name", PWD="*****";
Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-25

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Querying Task Files


This part describes how to querying task files.

Context
LST DEFMEAS is used to check whether the active and standby task files exist on the
GGSN and to query the time when the files are created.

Example
Query the task file.
LST DEFMEAS: ; +++
GGSN HUAWEI
2006-08-24 23:59:59 O&M
DEFMEAS: ";%% RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded

#1000 %% LST

Default Measurement Files List ------------------------------ File


Name
Generated Time
DefaultMeas_Active.xml
DefaultMeas_Standby.xml
of results = 2)

20060526.2230
20060526.2230 (Number

----END

9.3.3 Managing Measurement Result Files


This part describes how to manage the measurement result files.
9.3.3.1 Uploading Measurement Result Files
This part describes how to uploading measurement result files.
9.3.3.2 Removing Measurement Result Files
This part describes how to removing measurement result files.
9.3.3.3 Querying Measurement Result Files
This part describes how to querying measurement result files.

Uploading Measurement Result Files


This part describes how to uploading measurement result files.

Context
LST MEASRST is used to upload the measurement result file.
When a measurement period is over, the GGSN generates a measurement result file for each
default measurement task.
You can query the generated result file with LST MEASRST.

Example
Upload the measurement result file.

9-26

The file name is A20050526.2200+0800-2230+0800_EMS-NORMAL.mrf.

The target directory is /M2000/measurement_results/.


Huawei Proprietary and Confidential
Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide
l

The IP address of the FTP server is 10.10.10.10.

The user name of the FTP server is Name.

The password of the FTP server is password.

9 Managing the Performance

ULD MEASRST: FN = "A20030526.2200+0800-2230+0800_EMSNORMAL.mrf", DSTF = "/M2000/measurement_results/", IP =


"10.10.10.10", USR = "Name", PWD = "*****";
NOTE

The name of the A20050526.2200+0800-2230+0800_EMS-NORMAL.mrf file means that the


measurement time segment is from 22:00 to 22:30, May 26, 2005, East eight time zone and the measurement
period is the normal period.

Removing Measurement Result Files


This part describes how to removing measurement result files.

Context
RMV MEASRST is used to remove the specified or all measurement result files from the
GGSN.
l

You can query the generated result file with LST MEASRST.

If the file name is not specified, all result files are removed.

Example
Remove a measurement result file. The file name is A20050526.2200+0800-2230+0800_EMSNORMAL.mrf.
RMV MEASRST: FN = "A20050526.2200+0800-2230+0800_EMSNORMAL.mrf";
Remove all the measurement result files.
RMV MEASRST:;

Querying Measurement Result Files


This part describes how to querying measurement result files.

Context
LST MEASRST is used to query the measurement result file.
The information of the measurement result file includes the time when the measurement result
is generated.

Example
Query the measurement result file.
LST MEASRST:; +++
GGSN HUAWEI
2006-08-24 19:18:12 O&M
MEASRST: ;%% RETCODE = 0 Execution succeeded

#1000 %% LST

Measurement Result(s) List -------------------------- File

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-27

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance


Name

Generated Time

A20060824.1030+0800-1100+0800_EMS-NORMAL.mrf
A20060824.1130+0800-1200+0800_EMS-NORMAL.mrf
of results = 2)
---

20060824.1106
20060824.1206 (Number

END

9.3.4 Uploading Measurement Description Files


This part describes how to upload the measurement description files.
The measurement description file is stored in hd:/bam/ini/GGSN/measdefinitions.xml.
Upload the measurement description file. The target file name is GGSN. The IP address of the
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server is 10.10.10.10. The user name of the FTP server is Name.
The password of the FTP server is password.
ULD MEASDEF: DSTF = "GGSN_MeasDefinitions.xml", IP =
"10.10.10.10", USR = "Name", PWD = "*****";

9.4 Operations of the Performance Browser Tool


This part describes how to operate the performance browser tool.
9.4.1 Overview
This part describes the functions and the usage of the performance browser tool.
9.4.2 Configuring Network Elements
This part describes how to configure the network elements (NEs).
9.4.3 Downloading Measurement Results
This part describes how to download the measurement results.
9.4.4 Querying Measurement Results
This part describes how to query the measurement results.
9.4.5 Browsing Measurement Description Files
This part describes how to browse the measurement description files.
9.4.6 Managing Templates
This part describes the objects and the steps of the template management.

9.4.1 Overview
This part describes the functions and the usage of the performance browser tool.
With the performance browser tool, you can browse the performance measurement results that
are saved in the network element (NE).
The performance browser tool provides the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) download function.
The local maintenance terminal (LMT) can be connected to the FTP server for transmitting the
performance data and files.

9.4.2 Configuring Network Elements


This part describes how to configure the network elements (NEs).
9-28

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

When the performance browse tool is started, you must configure the parameters relating to the
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) server of the NE. Then, you can download, query, or browse the
measurement results.
Choose System > Net Configure in the menu, and Net Configure dialog box is displayed. You
can set the FTP download parameters. Refer to Figure 9-3.
Figure 9-3 Net Configure dialog box

Table 9-26 lists the fields and description in the Net Configure dialog box.
Table 9-26 Fields and description in the Net Configure dialog box

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Field

Description

NE name

Set the name of the FTP server. It is often set


to the office name.

FTP config

The FTP parameters can be configured when


this field is selected.

IP address

Set the IP address and port number of the FTP


server. They are set to the IP address and port
number of the office. For example, if the IP
address of the office is 10.110.218.176, the IP
address is 10.110.218.176.

User

Set the user name on the FTP server. For


example, the user GGSN9811 on the office is
10.110.42.12.

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-29

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Field

Description

Password

Set the user password on the FTP server. For


example, the password for the user
GGSN9811 on the office 10.110.218.176 is
GGSN9811.

Local result

Click button to choose and set the directory


for the files downloaded from the FTP server.
This directory is related to the installation
directory of the performance browser tool.

Server path

Set the directory on the FTP server to save the


data. The default directory is the root
directory .
NOTE
The directories on the FTP servers of different
products are different.
l For example, the directory to save data on the

FTP server of the GGSN9811 is /bam/data/prf.


l The directory for the small cycle performance

data files is hd:/bam/data/prf-sp.

FTP configuration test

Check whether the parameters in the FTP


configuration are configured successfully.
Click the button. Test Succeed! or Test
Failed! is displayed in the left area.

Target file

Click button to choose and set the directory


for the measurement description file.
The default directory is <LMT installation
directory>\adaptor\clientadaptor\product
name\product version\mml\en_US.
The file format is MeasDefinitions.xml.
For example, the directory for the
measurement description file is D:\HW
LMT\adaptor\clientadaptor\GGSN9811
\GGSN9811V800R005ENGC01B013\mml
\en_US. The measurement item file is
MeasDefinitions.xml.

9-30

Address list

The FTP server address list is displayed. The


names cannot be the same when there are
multiple server names in the address list.

Add

Add an FTP server. Add the configured NE


name to the address list.

Modify

When an FTP server parameter is modified,


click the button to complete the modification
of NE configuration.

Delete

Remove an FTP server from one or multiple


address lists.

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.4.3 Downloading Measurement Results


This part describes how to download the measurement results.
With the performance browser tool, you can:
l

Import the measurement description file

Export and browse the measurement result file

When the network element (NE) configuration is complete, choose System > Download
Measurement Results . The Download Measurement Results dialog box is displayed. Refer
to Figure 9-4.
Figure 9-4 Download Measurement Results dialog box

The FTP server in the address list in the Net Configure window is displayed. Double-click the
FTP server name to connect to the server. When the connection is complete, in FTP Server
Directory in Download Measurement Results, all measurement result files with the extension
name as mrf are listed. The local files are listed in Local Directory.
Select all measurement result files. You can choose multiple files by pressing Shift. Then, click
Download. The progress bar is displayed. The downloading process may last two to five minutes
when multiple files are downloaded.
When the process is complete, open the directory tree data\176\60 in Local Directory.
Directories are generated based on dates. For example, the measurement result files with
measurement period of 60 minutes on October 18, 2006 are saved in data\176\60\20061018.

9.4.4 Querying Measurement Results


This part describes how to query the measurement results.
Choose System > Query Performance Results. The Query Performance Results dialog box
is displayed. Refer to Figure 9-5 and Figure 9-6.
Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-31

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Figure 9-5 Query Performance Results window Counters Information

Figure 9-6 Query Performance Results window Time Information

Table 9-27 lists the fields and description.

9-32

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Table 9-27 Fields and description in the Query Performance Results window
Tab

Field

Description

Counters information

Measurement object class

Select the measurement


counters in the order of
measurement object class ->
measurement families ->
measurement units. Click ->
or >> to add the counters. All
selected counters are listed in
Selected Counters.

Measurement sets
Measurement units
Available counters
Selected counters
Time information

Query mode

Period: The value can be 5,


15, 30, or 60 minutes.

Date/time

There are three mode for


selecting date and time:
Today: The date is today.
You can also set the time
range by setting the start time
and the end time.
Specified time: It is a
continuous time period. You
can set the start date, end
date, start time, and end time.
For example, from 12:23 on
September 20 to 15:23 on
September 22.
Specified range: It is a time
range in a certain date range.
You can set the start date, end
date, start time, and end time.
For example, from 12:23 to
15:23 from September 20 to
September 22.

When the counters and time are selected, click Query, and then the progress bar is displayed.
When the progress bar is complete, the data of the specified counters in the specified time is
displayed in time sequence.

9.4.5 Browsing Measurement Description Files


This part describes how to browse the measurement description files.
The measurement description file describes the following information of the network element
(NE) product version:
l

Measurement object class

Measurement item

Measurement granularity period

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-33

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

The performance browser tool uses this file to explain the measurement result file.
You can know about the measurement items and objects provided by the NE through the
measurement description file.
Choose System > Browse Description File. The Browse Description File dialog box is
displayed. Refer to Figure 9-7.
Figure 9-7 Browse Description File dialog box

9.4.6 Managing Templates


This part describes the objects and the steps of the template management.
9.4.6.1 Creating Customized Templates
You can save the measurement items as a customized template. Then, you can browse the
measurement description file in the form of template, thus simplifying the procedure for querying
the measurement items.
9.4.6.2 Modifying Customized Templates
You can modify the customized template by using the template modification function.
9.4.6.3 Deleting Customized Templates
You can delete the customized templates that are created.
9.4.6.4 Using Customized Templates
The performance browse tool provides the function that the items of the same measurement
object can be saved as a customized template, which simplifies the procedure for querying the
results.

9-34

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Creating Customized Templates


You can save the measurement items as a customized template. Then, you can browse the
measurement description file in the form of template, thus simplifying the procedure for querying
the measurement items.

Context
To create a customized template, perform the following steps:

Procedure
Step 1 In the Browse Description File window of the navigation tree, you can open the Add dialog
box in two ways:
l

Right-click Custom Template. Choose Add in the shortcut menu.

Click Custom Template. Choose Template > Add.

Step 2 Click the measurement objects, sets, units, or items in Available Counters in the Add dialog
box displayed. Then, add them to Selected Counters by clicking

Step 3 Click Save Template. The Information dialog box is displayed. Type the template name.
Step 4 Click OK.
----End

Modifying Customized Templates


You can modify the customized template by using the template modification function.

Context
To modify a customized template, perform the following steps:

Procedure
Step 1 In the Browse Description File window of the navigation tree, you can open the Modify dialog
box in two ways:
l

Right-click the customized template to be modified. Choose Modify in the shortcut menu.

Click the customized template to be modified. Choose Template > Modify.

Step 2 Choose the measurement sets, units, or items of the same measurement object in the Modify
dialog box displayed. Click Save Template.
Step 3 Click OK in the Confirm dialog box displayed.
----End

Postrequisite
NOTE

You cannot modify the measurement object when modifying the customized template.

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-35

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

Deleting Customized Templates


You can delete the customized templates that are created.

Context
To delete a template, perform the following steps:

Procedure
Step 1 In the Browse Description File window of the navigation tree, you can open the Delete dialog
box in two ways:
l

Right-click the template to be deleted. Choose Delete in the shortcut menu.

Click the template to be deleted. Choose Template > Delete.

Step 2 Click OK in the Confirm dialog box displayed.


----End

Using Customized Templates


The performance browse tool provides the function that the items of the same measurement
object can be saved as a customized template, which simplifies the procedure for querying the
results.

Context
To query the created templates, perform the following steps:

Procedure
Step 1 In the Browse Description File window of the navigation tree, you can open the Query
Performance Results dialog box in two ways:
l

Double-click the template to be queried.

Press Enter.

Step 2 Set Query Mode and Date/Time in the Query Performance Results dialog box displayed.
Step 3 Click Query to query the items in the template.
----End

9.5 Analyzing Performance Measurement Data


This part describes how to analyze the performance measurement data.
9.5.1 Method for Analyzing Data
This part describes how to analyze the data.
9.5.2 Combined Analysis on Items Relating to the GGSN and SGSN
This part describes the combined analysis on items relating to the GGSN and SGSN.
9-36

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.5.1 Method for Analyzing Data


This part describes how to analyze the data.
The performance measurement data can be analyzed in following ways:
l

Independent analysis on the data of a certain measurement item


Through this analysis, you can infer whether the data is within the reasonable range. The
system is abnormal when the data is extremely high or extremely low.
The analysis on the data of the same measurement item for different load-sharing
measurement objects can show whether the load sharing is normal.

Comparative analysis on the data in different periods of a certain measurement item


Through this analysis, you can infer whether any burst change occurs. In general, the burst
change is related to the system processing abnormality.
For example, if the number of activation successes in the same period decreases to a large
extent, the activation processing function of the system may be abnormal. You must locate
and clear the fault.

Comparative analysis on the data of multiple measurement items of a measurement unit


Through this analysis, you can infer whether the relations between measurement items are
normal. For example, you can infer whether the ratio is disproportional.
The main factor of the same category of measurement items can be determined. For
example, by comparing different activation failure causes, you can find that the possibility
of a certain cause may be obviously greater.

Comparative analysis on the data in the same period of measurement items of multiple
measurement units
This analysis can be used to locate the fault in a complex process.
For example, by comparing the measurement item of the authentication and activation
process errors, you can locate the fault of activation failures due to authentication failures.

9.5.2 Combined Analysis on Items Relating to the GGSN and SGSN


This part describes the combined analysis on items relating to the GGSN and SGSN.
In the packet switched (PS) domain of the general packet radio service (GPRS)/universal mobile
telecommunications system (UMTS) network, the SGSN and the GGSN are two closely related
network elements (NEs). Some performance specifications of the GGSN and SGSN such as
forwarding performance measurement and session measurement must be analyzed jointly.
Table 9-28 Analysis on forwarding performance measurement

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

GGSN Item

SGSN Item

Analytic Description

Peak byte throughput of the


Gn interface

GTP peak traffic processed


by the Gn interface (kbit/s)

If the difference between the


value for the GGSN and that
for the SGSN is great, it
indicates that the packet loss
over the Gn interface is
serious.

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-37

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

GGSN Item

SGSN Item

Analytic Description

Peak packet throughput of


the Gn interface

GTP peak packets processed


by the Gn interface (packet/s)

If the difference between the


value for the GGSN and that
for the SGSN is great, it
indicates that the packet loss
over the Gn interface is
serious.

Uplink bytes of the Gn


interface

Total GTP data traffic sent


through the Gn interface
(KB)

If the value for the GGSN is


smaller than that for the
SGSN and the difference is
great, it indicates that the
uplink packet loss over the
Gn interface is serious.

Uplink packets of the Gn


interface

Total GTP packets sent


through the Gn interface
(KB)

If the value for the GGSN is


smaller than that for the
SGSN and the difference is
great, it indicates that the
uplink packet loss over the
Gn interface is serious.

Downlink bytes of the Gn


interface

Total GTP data traffic


received through the Gn
interface (KB)

If the value for the GGSN is


greater than that for the
SGSN and the difference is
great, it indicates that the
downlink packet loss over the
Gn interface is serious.

Downlink packets of the Gn


interface

Total GTP packets received


through the Gn interface
(KB)

If the value for the GGSN is


greater than that for the
SGSN and the difference is
great, it indicates that the
downlink packet loss over the
Gn interface is serious.

Table 9-29 Analysis of basic session measurement items

9-38

GGSN Item

SGSN Item

Analytic Description

PDP context activation


attempts

2G MS activate session
requests + 2G network
activate session requests +
3G MS activate session
requests + 3G network
activate session requests

If the value for the GGSN is


smaller than that for the
SGSN, the processing at the
SGSN causes many
activation failures. Besides,
the uplink packets may be
lost on the Gn signaling
plane.

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

9 Managing the Performance

GGSN Item

SGSN Item

Analytic Description

Successful PDP context


activations

2G MS activate session
succeed + 2G network
activate session succeed + 3G
MS activate session succeed
+ 3G network activate
session succeed

If the value for the GGSN is


greater than that for the
SGSN, the processing at the
SGSN makes many
successfully activated flows
on the GGSN unable to
continue. Besides, the uplink
packets may be lost on the Gn
signaling plane.

Failed PDP context


activations

3G activation failures (due to


GGSN rejection) + 2G
activation failures (due to
GGSN rejection)

If the value for the GGSN is


greater than that for the
SGSN, the processing at the
SGSN makes many
activation rejected flows on
the GGSN unable to
continue. Besides, the uplink
packets may be lost on the Gn
signaling plane.

Average activated PDP


contexts

Average 3G activation
session users + Average 2G
activation session users

The two parameters must be


the same on the GGSN and
the SGSN. If the difference is
great, check whether packets
are lost on the Gn signaling
plane.

Maximum simultaneously
activated PDP contexts

Maximum 3G activation
session users + Maximum 2G
activation session users

The two parameters must be


the same on the GGSN and
the SGSN. If the difference is
great, check whether packets
are lost on the Gn signaling
plane.

PDP context deactivation


attempts

2G MS deactivate session
request + 2G SGSN
deactivate session requests +
3G MS deactivate session
requests + 3G SGSN
deactivate session requests

The two parameters must be


the same on the GGSN and
the SGSN. If the difference is
great, check whether packets
are lost on the Gn signaling
plane.

Successful PDP context


deactivations

2G MS deactivate session
successes + 2G SGSN
deactivate session successes
+ 3G MS deactivate session
successes + 3G SGSN
deactivate session successes

The two parameters must be


the same on the GGSN and
the SGSN. If the difference is
great, check whether packets
are lost on the Gn signaling
plane.

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-39

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide

9 Managing the Performance

9.6 Clearing Faults of Performance Measurement


This part describes how to clear the faults of performance measurement.
9.6.1 No Performance Measurement Result Generated Due to System Time Changed
This part describes fault 1, that is, no performance measurement result is generated because the
system time is changed.
9.6.2 Number of Deactivation Successes Larger than That of Deactivation Requests Due to the
Period Spanned by a Process
This part describes fault 2, that is, the number of deactivation successes is larger than that of
deactivation requests because the process spans the period.
9.6.3 No Measurement Result Due to Configuration Data Modified
This part describes fault 3, that is, no measurement result is available because the configuration
data is modified.

9.6.1 No Performance Measurement Result Generated Due to


System Time Changed
This part describes fault 1, that is, no performance measurement result is generated because the
system time is changed.
l

Fault description
After the measurement task is created, the measurement result file of a certain period is not
generated, while the measurement result files of other periods are normal.

Cause analysis
The log files show that the system time is changed in the period when the measurement
result file is not generated. The measurement result file of corresponding measurement
period may be lost if the system time is changed manually or by the Network Time Protocol
(NTP) server.

Conclusion
The system time cannot be change at random.

Comment
The measurement result file of corresponding measurement period cannot be generated if
the system time is changed. If the system time is changed to earlier time, the previous
measurement result files are overwritten. This operation must be avoided.

9.6.2 Number of Deactivation Successes Larger than That of


Deactivation Requests Due to the Period Spanned by a Process
This part describes fault 2, that is, the number of deactivation successes is larger than that of
deactivation requests because the process spans the period.
l

Fault description
Observe the performance measurement data, and you can find that the number of
deactivation successes is larger than that of deactivation requests in a record. Refer to the
following:

MS init PDP ctx deact = 1 Ms init PDP ctx deact success = 2

9-40

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

HUAWEI GGSN9811 Gateway GPRS Support Node


Operation Guide
l

9 Managing the Performance

Cause analysis
The performance measurement data is reported based on the periods. By analyzing the
context data during the performance test process, you can find that the number of
deactivation successes is not recorded in the previous measurement data.
The deactivation is being performed when the data is reported in the previous period. Thus
the measurement of the deactivation successes does not start and the success times are
counted into the measurement data of the next period. Therefore, the number of deactivation
successes is larger than that of deactivation requests in the next data.

Conclusion
If the measurement data is reported when the process is not complete, the success times are
counted into the measurement data of the next period. Therefore, the number of deactivation
successes is larger than that of deactivation requests.

Comment
The performance measurement data must be analyzed in association with the context data
in the related periods. Otherwise, you may misunderstand the measurement data.

9.6.3 No Measurement Result Due to Configuration Data Modified


This part describes fault 3, that is, no measurement result is available because the configuration
data is modified.
l

Fault description
The measurement data of one access point name (APN) is normal all the time; however,
no measurement result is reported since 16: 00.

Cause analysis
Query the measurement task status, and you can find that the task is normal. Check the
signaling link, and you can find that the APN is deleted.

Conclusion
The measurement object is deleted. Therefore, the measurement task must be deleted.

Comment
Any modification to the configuration data relating to the measurement object may lead to
measurement abnormality of the object.

Issue 03 (2008-04-10)

Huawei Proprietary and Confidential


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

9-41