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Tutorial (Areal Sweep Efficiency)

Problem
A line drive water injection scheme is being operated in a reservoir of length
1 mile between injection and production wells. and of cross-section

dimensions 4 miles wide by 98 ft net thickness. The average porosity is 25%


and the relative permeability to water in the presence of the residual oil
saturation of 30% is 0.4. The relative permeability to oil at the initial water

saturation of 30% is 0.85. The oil viscosity at reservoir conditions is 3.4 cp


and the water viscosity is 0.4 cp. The water formation volume factor for
injected water is 1.005 RB/BBL. Estimate the areal sweep efficiency of the
scheme after 10 years if the average daily water injection rate is 53000
BBL/day.

Solution
Use is made of the plot in Fig.
below which correlates areal
sweep efficiency EA as a function
of end-point mobility ratio (M') for
different
fractional
injection
volumes. VD
M

K w o 0.4 3.4
.

.
4
w K o 0.4 0.85

The volume injected fluid, in


reservoir barrels, after 10
years is:

VD t years no. of days per year avg daily water injection rate B w
10 365.25 53000 1.005 1.945 x 108 RB

Solution
The displaceable pore volume Ah1 S wi S or

4 5280 1 5280 98 0.25 1 0.3 0.3 1.946 108 RB

5.615
1.945 108
VD
1
8
1.946 10

From the Fig. (previous slide) the value of EA corresponding to M' = 4 and VD = 1 is 0.7