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PLEADINGS, PETITIONS, MOTIONS AND OTHER

JUDICIAL AND LEGAL FORMS


(Revised 2007)1

THEODORE O. TE2

! " "# $ % &# $'! ( "

$ ! ! ) "

1
These forms were first published in 1998 for use in the UP Law Bar Ops for that year.
2
Assistant Professor and Director, University of the Philippines Office of Legal Aid; Ll.B., U.P. (1990); Grateful
acknowledgement is given to Feliz Marie M. Guerrero, Ll.B. U.P. (2008, expected) for invaluable assistance in re-
formatting, proofreading and updating of legal references.
*)
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ON WRITING, LEGALLY

“Therefore, its name was called Babel, because


there the Lord confused the language of all the
earth.” – Genesis, 11:9, ESV

If brevity is the soul of wit, what now is to become of lawyers (and law students) who
would nonchalantly write a 100-page document and dare call it a “Brief”?

The traditional notion of legal writing is that it is a competition to put together as many
four to five-syllable words in a one-paragraph sentence. The language of the law mystifies and
with this comes the power of the lawyer. The more obscure and obtuse the language, the greater
the need for a lawyer.

History has given us many language handicaps and obstacles to clarity and precision.
Throughout four years of law school, the law student, who eventually becomes a lawyer, is
trained to think in archaic words and phrases–legalese–which appear to have legal significance
but is actually too imprecise to help anyone understand what is going on. And to add to the
babelish situation, there are hundreds of words in a dead language–Latin–that have little
relevance to the contemporary world.

There is a sea change, however, going on in legal writing. More and more, pleaders are
asked to be clear and concise, precise not pedantic. Why waste five words when three will do?3
But change, as always, is difficult and painful. Yet, it is an essential response to today’s evolving
legal profession. Indeed, when the most common means now of communicating is text, with its
own subculture and lingo, there must be a re-examination of the archaic manner by which legal
writing presents itself.

What this short introduction to the accompanying handbook of Pleadings, Petitions,


Motions and Other Legal and Judicial Forms seeks to do is to put forth the need to write clearly
and concisely, precisely but not pedantically.

When a judge’s attention span is short and his backlog of reading is long, the need to
write concisely, clearly, precisely but not pedantically becomes absolutely clear.

Writing concisely and not pedantically, however, does not mean that the legal writer
ought to cut corners when it comes to substance as well as form; the only thing that that
guarantees is a baleful stare and a rude dismissal from the judge. Not only must the writer know
the arguments and the bases for his arguments, but she must also realize that these arguments
need to be presented in a manner that is technically sufficient.

3
My favorite, and many of my students will attest to this, is the absolutely archaic “Comes Now, the Plaintiff, by the
undersigned counsel, unto this Honorable Court, respectfully states that” as part of every pleading. Why waste 15
words, when 6 will do, thus: “Plaintiff, by counsel, respectfully states that”. The latter loses none of the legal
gravitas but loses every bit of the archaic pretense that mystifies the law and perpetuates the notion that laywers
know what they are doing each and every time.
It is hoped that the forms presented here, with checklists4 of legal requirements and short
annotations, will provide the impetus for demystifying legal writing and legal drafting. These
forms come from actual forms used in the author’s practice, some from worthy opponents and
still some from traditional form books, with updates to fit the current state of the Rules.

While this handbook was produced, primarily, with the bar examinees and the law intern
or law student in mind, it is hoped that it might prove helpful as well when September ends5 and
life, as a lawyer, begins in earnest.

Theodore O. Te
Room 105, Malcolm Hall
University of the Philippines
August 2007

4
Acknowledgment is given to Atty. Alex M. Enriquez, (Ll.B., UP, 1990) for the original template of the
Checklists, which have been updated to suit current practice.
5
Vide Green Day, “Wake Me Up When September Ends”, which has become an unofficial anthem for bar
examinees in the Philippines.
$ !! !
$ % & "" ) The CAPTION is that
part of the pleading, which sets
forth:
/ ) 1. the name of the court
- 2 / 2. the title of the action
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* 3. the docket number, if assigned
1! , (Sec. 1, par. 1, Rule 7, ROC).
"" ) The TITLE indicates
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC! the names of the parties, who
shall be named in the original
! complaint or petition. However, in
subsequent pleadings, it shall be
& & - "CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC sufficient if the name of the 1st
party on each side be stated with
. CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC an appropriate indication when
there are other parties. Their
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC! respective participation in the
3 " case shall be indicated (Sec. 1,
par. 2 &3, Rule 7, ROC).
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

$ '

/$D /

+7 / .#/ ! ! )
# , % "1! ! ' !
. * % "< ! ' !. * % "< ! '
! . * % "< ! ' ( "

# = 8 ) "

$( "" ) The JURAT


accompanies any notarized
document that is declaratory in
0 0 / 3 $-3 0+#/- *# ) CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC nature, as opposed to a notarized
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC! ) ) " CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC document that transmits rights or
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC" property, which must be
accompanied by an
ACKNOWLEDGMENT.
%0 "' -" #" *$/ #
- ) Note that if the document is
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC subscribed before a public officer
duly authorized to take oaths,
*/ - " CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC then there is no need for the
CCCCCCCCCCCCCC affiant to produce a CTC nor for
# CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC the entry into a Notarial Register;
thus, the italicized portion of the
JURAT is dispensed with but not
3 "- " the oath itself.
- "
;- "
0 " "" ) JURAT refers to an act
in which an individual, on a
single occasion:
1. appears in person before a
notary public (NP) and presents
an instrument or document
2. is personally known to the NP
or identified by the NP through
competent evidence of identity as
defined by these Rules
3. signs the instrument or
document in the presence of the
NP
4. takes an oath or affirmation
before the NP as to such
instrument or document (Sec. 5,
2004 Rules on Notarial Practice,
A.M. No. 02-8-13-SC effective
August 1, 2004).

1
*$ + , "" ) A pleading is verified
by an affidavit that the affiant has
read the pleading and that the
4 / . $*#- allegations therein are true and
correct of his personal knowledge
/ ) ' or based on authentic records
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ' " " (Sec. 4, par. 2, Rule 7, ROC).

Under Sec. 4, par.3, Rule 7, a


":" 7 ! ) ! E verification based on “information
1" 7 B % B ) ' and belief” or upon “knowledge,
information and belief” is
" 7 considered defective and the
6" 7 ; pleading unverified/unsigned.
) " "" ) 1994 and 2004 Bar
Exams
%0 "' ":" 7 .5 /

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) 8 )
1" $ / 0
"
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)"
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6" =
9" $ ) )
<"
"
)" )
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" 7)
" -

$ , . # " %% . "" ) Under Rule 7, Sec. 5,


the plaintiff or principal party
must certify under oath in the
/*. $*#- $5$ -0*.#/ , 07# -5 complaint, initiatory pleading, or
sworn certification that:
/ ) ' 1.he has not commenced any
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ' " " action or filed any claim involving
the same issues in any court,
tribunal or quasi-judicial agency
":" 7 ! ) E and, to the best of his knowledge,
1" 7 % 'F no such other action or claim is
pending there
" 7 2. if there is such other pending
) ! ) 8 &= F action or claim, a complete
6" * ) ; ! F statement of its present status,
9" ) and
3. if he should thereafter learn
%<' 7 ) " that the same or similar action or
claim has been filed or is pending,
%0 "' ":" 7 .5 / he shall report that fact within 5
days to the court where his
complaint or pleading was filed.
-)2
Failure to comply with this req’t is
not curable by mere amendment
but shall be cause for dismissal
$ " + , , . # " %% . w/o prejudice, UNLESS otherwise
provided, upon motion and after
4 / . $*#- G /*. $*#- $5$ -0*.#/ , 07# -5 hearing.

Submission of a false certification


! ":" 7 ! ! ) E # $ 3& or non-compliance with its
! ) F undertakings shall constitute
) ; F ) indirect contempt of court, w/o
prejudice to corresponding admin
) and crim actions.
! ! %<' "
"" ) 2004 Bar Exams

- + *- 00 +7 / #.! CCCCCCCCCCCCC"

%0 "' ":" 7 .5 /
-)2
/$ " + , , . # " %% . " ,
! &* #

4 / . $*#- G /*. $*#- $5$ -0*.#/ , 07# -5

! ":" 7 ! ! ) E # $ 3&
! ) F
H# B
/ B
3 I 16 $ F
) ; F )
) !
! %<' "

- + *- 00 +7 / #.! CCCCCCCCCCCCC"

%0 "' ":" 7 .5 /
-)2

0$ 1 #, , . "" ) NOTE: The Notice of


Hearing is actually both a
REQUEST and a NOTICE; a
/ A 0*.#/ G-#* #.7 $/ -5 REQUEST for the Branch Clerk of
Court to include the motion in the
*7 /$- 7 /:#. # /* calendar for hearing on a specific
, * date and a NOTICE to opposing
counsel of the hearing date
A J ! 6@ requested. In non-litigious motions
or ex parte motions, it is sufficient
) , that the request not contain a
date, and for that purpose, the
; ( . ! 16 $ underlined portion in the Request
?E6 " may be omitted with the Notice to
opposing counsel simply stating
$** 0 .- 7 that “counsel will submit the
motion to the court for approval
1, ; 0 immediately upon receipt.”
* $ !A J

; 8 ) . ! 16 $ ?E6
"

%0 "' , * 7, 3 /
3
* .
0 !A J

$ , ,% # &# 2

$ ", , 3
3
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0 !A J

6
($ , ,# 2 ' .# " & 3%& , ,& # 2
% # &&
'

E
$ ", , 3
3
* .
0 !A J
/ / - " CCCCCCCC
# CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
3 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC

K $-$*#- "" ) The requirement is for


a written explanation if service is
done by registered mail instead of
* % ! ! "' $ " by personal service; the
, , 3 ) explanation need not be verified,
) it being required only that it is
" signed. However, in the Supreme
Court, where an Affidavit of
Service is required, it may be
%0 "' $** 0 .- 7 practical to combine the
Explanation and the Affidavit of
Service. Cf. Rule 13, sections 11
/ ) ' and 13.
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC ' " "

$..3$4 *

! 7$/ / ! $ "$ . ! CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC!


) ! E

* CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC! B )
0 1 !/ 16 / E

- B
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC

- " CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC )


! % B ' CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
! ) / / - " CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
%1 ' "

*# *7 */ *7#.*7 .#/ 5# -5! $ 16 $ !


, ! "

%0 "' 7$/ /
$

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4$ & #. ## &
& " % " "

, ! 16 $ "

$ ", , 3
3
* . ! 0 !
A J !, ,
/ - "
#/ - "!
*/ #/ - "! "" ) As per SC En Banc
Resolution on Bar Matter No.
1132 dated Nov. 12, 2002, all
pleadings must indicate the ff:
1. Roll of Attorneys number of
counsel
2. Current Professional Tax
Receipt number (PTR No.)
3. IBP Official Receipt or Life
Member number

9
$ 5 & ." "" ) 1976, 1994 and 2004
Bar Exams
/ ) '
, ' " "

.#/ , ! 16 $ ! , ! !
$** 0 .- 7! H4 3 I %3 ( - " - <& & ' )
H I% * # ' 1 2 ! ; )
! ;
"

- + *- 00 +7 / #.! - !
"

%0 "' -" #" *$/ #


- )
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
*/ - " CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
CCCCCCCCCCCCCC
# CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC

3 "- "
- "
;- "
0

) ! 1 E

* ! CCC ! ;
! ) ) CCCCCCCCCCC
% '! - " "" ) The Notary Public’s
seal must be impressed on every
page of the document notarized.

) ! 1 E

* % ' CCC ! CCC


; ! !
! ) ) CCCCCCCCCCCCCC % '!
- "

!$ , %% &

-#* #.$ $

3 ! $ ! ) ! 7 ) 3
16 $ ! >$ "

A J ! , "

%0 "' , * 7, 3 /
3
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$ * / * 0 / * -! + *-
$ "%& '%& .# "" ) Checklist:
6$ "%& , " " .# 1. Caption and Title
2. Parties/Capacity of Parties
3. Material Allegations of Ultimate
768/ * Facts
- 2 / 4. Statement of Cause(s) of Action
, */# # *$- */ $ # /* 5. Prayer/Reliefs
6. Date/Place of Execution
A J ! 66 7. Signature of Counsel
8. Verification and Certification
$ 0 3 &D$- #, $-D! Against Forum Shopping
! "" ) 1976, 1982, 1985,
- " 1988, 1993, 1994, 1996, 1997
and 2000 Bar Question
& & . E =

D#:# -5$!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

#, $ -*

$ -*..! ) ! E

7981" J .
) 111 # 3 !* !A J F3 . ! !
11 # 3 !* !A J ! )
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$"

6" !
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"$ ( $-- K "

7;89" 3 !
( " /
) * "$
. $ $-- K " "" ) This particular
allegation may actually be
unnecessary considering the facts
<" 3 ( = ) given and that the plaintiff is a
() ) juridical person. It is included in
0L< " 3 ( this complaint simply for
. educational purposes as a
representative allegation of this
* % < ! " '" fact.

7<8+7 / .#/ ! = )

0L6!< % ' . *
% < ! " ' $ ( "

# = 8 ) "

7=8A J F 16 $ " "" ) A new requirement


specifically provided under Rule
7, section 2(d).
7>8%0 "' $** 0 .- 7
"" ) Significant amendment
introduced by 1997 Rules on Civil
H$ I Procedure; cf. Rule 7, section 3.

-)
1" 7?84 . 0
" 2

>
9$ "%& , # " ," ' "" ) 1978 Bar Question
"" ) Checklist:
768/ ) 1. Caption and Title
- 2 / 2. Parties/Capacity of Parties
3. Material Allegations of Ultimate
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* Facts
1 1! , ; 4. Statement of Cause(s) of Action
0*$ $3#/$! 5. Prayer/Reliefs
! 6. Date/Place of Execution
7. Signature of Counsel
- " ?? 8. Verification and Certification
& & . E0 , Against Forum Shopping

,$-55$ 5$-*0#!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

#, $ -*

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. ! > < !. ) ;! , ; ! )
"

7:8 " 0 2 < %>' ! )


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" * - 7 * % @ ! " '"

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) "$ ( % '
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<" 3 ( ) )
- 7 * % @ ! " ' "

>" ( ) )
) ! )
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- - 7 -3/ 3 *7# 0$-3 0#0 % @ ! " '! !
$ * $ 3$,$5 0 ..*D*7# 0$-3 0#0 % < ! " ' $ (. " "" ) Please note that this
portion is indispensable to the
filing of a Complaint as it is
# = 8 ) " required that every Complaint
state in the body as well as in the
7=8A J , ; F 16 $ " prayer the amount of damages
sought. This is jurisdictional and
a complaint that fails to comply
7>8%0 "' $** 0 .- 7 with this requirement is fatally
defective.
H$ I

- ) 7?84 . 0
:$ "%& , %&2 "" ) 1986 Bar Question
"" ) Checklist:
768/ ) 1. Caption and Title
- 2 / 2. Parties/Capacity of Parties
3. Material Allegations of Ultimate
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* Facts
1 1! , ; 4. Statement of Cause(s) of Action
5. Prayer/Reliefs
7 /*0 / -*&$& $/! 6. Date/Place of Execution
7. Signature of Counsel
) $:- -$D$-! 8. Verification and Certification
! Against Forum Shopping
- " ??
& &

D#:# -5$!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

#, $ -*

!) ! E

7981" 7 / &$& , ; F
* ! 7 !/ !, "

7:8 " 7 / &$& 7 /4 ) K 4&


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7;8 6" # 1< , <! )


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9" * ) ; )
J " - 7 *
% @ ! " '"

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) =
"

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"

7=8A J , ; F 16 $ "

7>8%0 "' , * 7, 3 /

H$ I

- ) 7?84 . 0

?
;$ "%& # % ,' #, & # "" ) Checklist:
1. Caption and Title
2. Parties/Capacity of Parties
768/ ) 3. Material Allegations of Ultimate
- 2 / Facts
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* 4. Statement of Cause(s) of Action
1>1! 5. Prayer/Reliefs
6. Date/Place of Execution
-$-5 $! 7. Signature of Counsel
! 8. Verification and Certification
- " 111 Against Forum Shopping
& &

-$5 $ $ $!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

#, $ -*

$ -*..! ) ! E

7981" 3 ) . J F 1&$!
J0 ! . 0 ! ! )
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7:8 " # 1 2 6! 1&$ J0 !


# * % 1! " ' ) %<'
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9$ >! )
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% ' )
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) "

7=8A J F 16 $ "

7>8%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

- ) 7?84 . 0

@
$ # ,
," 2 , # &" "" ) Checklist:
6$ # "% &
# ' &" 1. Caption
2. Denials/Admission
3. Statement of Affirmative
768/ * Allegations
- 2 / 4. Statement of
, */# # *$- */ $ # /* Affirmative/Negative Defenses
5. Counterclaim
66! A J 6. Prayer/Relief
7. Date/Place of Execution
$ 0 3 &D$- #, $-D! 8. Signature of Counsel
9. Verification
! 10. Certification against Forum
- " Shopping
& & . E = 11. Proof of Service
"" ) 1976 and 1983 Bar
D#:# -5$! Exams
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

$-0+ /
%+ # -* / $ ,'

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3

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$ 3 ) "

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$-- K1"

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) ! E

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1
7>8A J F 16 $ "

7?8%0 "' , * 7, 3 /
3
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7@A 6B84 / . $*#- G /*. $*#- $5$ -0*.#/ , 07# -5 "" ) Rule 7, section 5
requires that any initiatory
pleading, among which is a
! D#:# -5$! ! ) E ) $ 3& counterclaim, must be
= F ! $ accompanied by a Certification
F ) against Forum Shopping. Also
; F #% , &&
' ' . ## 3 # &
& # please note that an Answer need
not be verified BUT if there is a
. ,
, , & " #%& '%& ,
,C ) specific denial of an actionable
) document, such as that
! ! %<' " contained here, then the
Answer must be verified. See
again Rule 8, secs. 7 (definition of
- + *- 00 +7 / #.! 16 $ " actionable document), 8 (how to
contest such documents), 10
%0 "' D#:# -5$ (requirements of a specific denial),
11 (effects of failure to specifically
deny).
-)
"" ) Representative specific
1" 2 %. ' denial under oath, as required by
" 7668 0 % ) ' the Rules, in relation to any
actionable document.

11
9$ # &" ##D & " "" ) Checklist:
1. Caption
2. Denials/Admission
. - " &1! !) && 3. Statement of Affirmative
Allegations
7<8 4. Statement of
Affirmative/Negative Defenses
5. Cross-claim
" 3 ! ) 6. Prayer/Relief
) B ) & 7. Date/Place of Execution
,$-55$ 5$-*0# ) ) & 8. Signature of Counsel
9. Verification
,$-55$ 5$-*0# J ! 10. Certification against Forum
! ! ! " Shopping
11. Proof of Service
7=8+7 / .#/ ! 3 = ) )
1" !
" ( )
" # , % "1! ! ' , 3 !
)" . * % "< ! ' $ (. "
6" ) !
& ,$-55$ 5$-*0# ) )
"

7>8A J F CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC"

7?8%0 "' , * 7, 3 /
3
H$ I

-)
1" 7@A 6B84 . 0
" 2 %. '
6" 7668 0 % ) '

1
$ D & , "" ) Rule 18, section 6.
Checklist:
1. Proposed terms for amicable
/ ) settlement
- 2 / 2. Alternative modes of dispute
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* resolution
@ !A J 3. Summary of admitted facts
4. Proposed stipulation of facts
$:0$ $D$+! and issues
! 5. Documents to be presented
- " @ &6161 6. Names of witnesses and
substance of their testimony
& & 7. Resort to discovery
8. Available trial dates
$:0$ 7 /$ !
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

/ &*/ $ / . "" ) NOTE: There is no


need to attach a Notice of Hearing
for a Pre-Trial Brief. Also, pre-trial
3 . -3$-*! ) ! ) &* ! E is now mandatory in criminal
cases under Rule 118, 2000
Rules on Criminal Procedure as
" + -5- 00 *# -* / -*# $- $, $ 0 ** , -* well as under RA 8493 (The
Speedy Trial Act), although
$-3 #00 * /,0 #.$-D0 70 ** , -* neither the law nor the Rules
require the submission of a Pre-
1"1" 0 )= ) Trial Brief in criminal cases (in
practice, courts also do not
! ) ) " require the submission of a pre-
trial brief in criminal cases).
76 A 98 1" " & 6? , 6@@> &# , 2& ! Consequently, the requirement of
) ) ! ! a pre-trial brief and the
consequences for failure to
) submit one (e.g., non-suit or
( ) ! ! " dismissal) appear to pertain
exclusively to civil cases.
" / .0*$* , -*#. $ ,0 $-33 . -0 0 "" ) This is a new
requirement imposed by the 1997
Rules on Civil Procedure.
"1" ; * * , 7
* - 7 . * % 7 !?1?!@9?"6 '
%1 M'
1@?@"

" " 3 ( ) ) E

" "1" ( ; ! ! )
&: # 9 , 6@@> &# , 2& F

" " " ) /


. "

"6" 3 * ,
% 7 ! ! " ' * , % 7 ! ! " '
# 7 * % 71 ! " ' ( "

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7:8 6"1" 3 $ ! " "!


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) ) (
) ) ( ! "

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$ " ,$ # $

19
*$ ! # "" ) Cf. Rule 15, 1997
6$ ! #" ## 1 #, , . Rules on Civil Procedure
Checklist:
1. Ground(s)
/ ) 2. Argument(s)
- 2 / 3. Prayer/Relief
, */# # *$- */ $ # /* 4. Notice of Hearing
5. Proof of Service
6@! A J 6. Attachments (if any)
7. Verification (in certain cases)
$: $00 * #, $-D! "" ) 1988 and 2002 Bar
! Question
- " 6666
& & . E0 ,

3$, *$-5 #/ #/$*#-!


3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- *# 3 0, 00

3 . -3$-*! ) !
768*7 # 5$*#- 0# 57* *# -.#/ 3 D
$ -*.. 0 -#*D *3 $-33 ,$-3$ ! ) E

7981" $ ! 8 , ;
$ 1 2 >F ; *+# 7 -3/ 3
*7# 0$-3 0#0 % ! " '! )
, ; $ "

" * %1' 8
F %1' " 8 ! (
) , ; $ 8
". ! ( ) "

7:8+7 / .#/ ! ) 3 0, 00 3
"

# = 8 ) "

A J F 16 $ "

%0 "' , * 7, 3 /
3
H$ I

7;8/ A 0*.#/ G-#* #.7 $/ -5 "" ) Rule 15, section 5; Cf.


Rule 15, section 4 (on period of
service)
*7 /$- 7 /:#. # /*
, *
6@! A J

) ,
; ( . ! $
?E6 "

$** 0 .- 7
1, ; 0
* $ !A J

; 8 ) . ! $ ?E6
"

%0 "' , * 7, 3 /
3
* .
0 !A J

- ) 7<8 0 "" ) Rule 15, section 6 in


relation to Rule 13, section 13

1<
9$ ! , & 2 , ,& %& . 3%& , # 2 '
.# " & "" ) Cf. Rule 13, section 13
Checklist:
1. Ground(s)
/ ) 2. Argument(s)
0 / , # /* 3. Prayer/Relief
, 4. Notice of Hearing
$: *$-5! 5. Proof of Service
6. Attachments (if any)
! 7. Verification (in certain cases)
5"/" - " CCCCCCCC
"" ) In motions filed before
& & the Supreme Court and the Court
of Appeals, a Notice of Hearing is
3$, $! not required.
/ "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- .#/ $4
#. # /**# . / D+ *7
,#*#- *# $3, *$**$ 7 3/ D "" ) Under Rule 15, section
9, 1997 Rules on Civil Procedure,
a motion for leave to file a
**#- /! ) ! E pleading or motion shall be
accompanied by the pleading or
7681" ( 6 2 >" motion sought to be admitted.
*
) ". ! / "

798 " ! / ) " 8 !


; / ! ! 1@@ /
! "

7:8+7 / .#/ ! ) /
/ "

A J , F<2 "

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

-)
1" 7;8/ 8 - 7
" 7<8 ) "" ) The requirement is for
a written explanation if service is
done by registered mail instead of
by personal service; the
explanation need not be verified,
it being required only that it is
signed. However, in the Supreme
Court, where an Affidavit of
Service is required, it may be
practical to combine the
Explanation and the Affidavit of
Service. Cf. Rule 13, sections 11
and 13.

1>
:$ ! , ." %& .# "" ) 1989 Bar Question
"" ) Checklist:
/ ) 1. Ground(s)
- 2 / 2. Argument(s)
3. Prayer/Relief
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* 4. Notice of Hearing
6@! A J 5. Proof of Service
6. Attachments (if any)
$:0$ $D$+! 7. Verification (in certain cases)
!
- " @ &6161
& & . E0 ,

$:0$ 7 /$ !
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- .#/ 2 35, -*#- *7 $3 -50

!) ! E

1" # > 2 <! - 7


* % @ ! " '"

76 A 98 " $ ! )
; ) ) ) "
* $ F
8 ! = ) "

7:8+7 / .#/ ! = )
"

A J F 16 $ "

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

-)
1" 7;8/ 8 - 7 "" ) NOTE: This is a
" 7<8 0 litigious motion, i.e., it must be
set for hearing. Thus, a specific
hearing date must be requested
and notice thereof given to
adverse party through counsel.

1
;$ 3% " # , % D & "" ) Under Rule 18, section
1 of the 1997 Rules on Civil
Procedure, it is now mandatory on
/ ) the part of the plaintiff to move ex
- 2 / parte for setting of pre-trial. Note
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* that the motion is expressly
6@! A J denominated as ex parte, i.e., no
need for hearing.

$:0$ $D$+! "" ) Checklist:


1. Ground(s)
! 2. Argument(s)
- " @ &6161 3. Prayer/Relief
& & 4. Notice of Hearing
5. Proof of Service
6. Attachments (if any)
$:0$ 7 /$ ! 7. Verification (in certain cases)
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

K $/* ,#*#- *# 0 * $0 .#/ / &*/ $

$ -*..! ) ! E

7681" # 1 2 >! ) $ ! )
) = "

798 " * ! ! & " / 1?! 0 1 1@@ /


! ; ) & "

7:8 +7 / .#/ ! ) &


7 ) "

A J F 16 $ "

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

7;8/ A 0*$-3-#* "" ) Note the difference


between this “Request and Notice”
and that contained in Form II-D1;
*7 /$- 7 /:#. # /* this does not contain a date of
/ * hearing because under Rule 15,
6@! A J section 4, it is a motion which the
Court “may act upon without
prejudicing the rights of the
) " adverse party” and moreover
because Rule 18, section 1
E expressly defines this to be an ex
parte motion.

, * 7, 3 / ! 0A"
* .
0 !A J

; 8
"

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

- ) 7<8 0

1?
<$ ! , % #% " "" ) 1987 Bar Question
"" ) Checklist:
/ ) 1. Ground(s)
- 2 / 2. Argument(s)
3. Prayer/Relief
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* 4. Notice of Hearing
6@! A J 5. Proof of Service
6. Attachments (if any)
3 $ *#/D! 7. Verification (in certain cases)
!
- " ??
& &

$0 - 0D#0#!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- .#/ #0* #- , -*

$ -*..! ) ! E

1" * <, ?E6 "

768 " # ! ) ) )
7 ) ) ) / *
, ; ! 16@ N " , ;O! - " @@??!
& ( )
) "

7986" + ! )
, ; ) )F !
) & "

9" * ) "

7:8 +7 / .#/ ! < , )


#0* #- 3 7 ) "

A J F 16 $ "

%0 "' , * 7, 3 /

H$ I

-)
1" 7;8/ 8 - 7 "" ) In some instances, this
" 7<8 0 motion is considered a non-
litigious motion; thus, the request
and notice need not specify a date
of hearing and simply state that it
is being submitted for approval
“immediately upon receipt.”
Although, the better practice
would be to file such a motion
early so as to be able to set it for
hearing and approval by the
court.

1@
=$ ! , 3 # , " "" ) Checklist:
1. Ground(s)
2. Argument(s)
/ ) 3. Prayer/Relief
- 2 / 4. Notice of Hearing
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* 5. Proof of Service
6@! A J 6. Attachments (if any)
7. Verification (in certain cases)

3 $ *#/D!
!
- " ??
& &

$0 - 0D#0#!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- .#/ K* -0 #- #.*,

$ -*..! ) ! E

1" 7 ) / ($ )1 , "

76 A 98 " * ! ! ) /
) ) 8 ;
8 )
, , ". ! ;
%1<' 1 , ! <, ! ) (/ "

6" * ) ) "

7:8+7 / .#/ ! ) %1<'


1 , ! <, ! ) (/ " "" ) It is always preferable
to not only state the number of
additional days sought, but also
A J F 16 $ " the new deadline, so that it can be
used as a personal reminder of
%0 "' , * 7, 3 / the new deadline.

H$ I

-)
1" 7;8/ 8 - 7
" 7<8 0
>$ ! & , , & "" ) Checklist:
1. Ground(s)
2. Argument(s)
/ ) 3. Prayer/Relief
- 2 / 4. Notice of Hearing
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* 5. Proof of Service
6@! A J 6. Attachments (if any)
7. Verification (in certain cases)

$-$:- 0:D+$ : /!
!
- " @ @
& &

$3, $, 3$ $!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- *# 3 $/ 3 . -3$-* - 3 .$ *

$ -*..! ) ! E

1" 1 , F
, ! ) 0 (/ !
$-- K$"

76A 98 " 3 ( $ <$ F


) 7 ) " 3
! F
"

7:8+7 / .#/ ! )
) ) ; "

A J F $ "

%0 "' 3$/*70 3 # 0

H$ I

-)
1" 7;8/ 8 - 7 "" ) NOTE: The defendant
" 7<8 0 is entitled to be notified of this
motion and the order declaring
him/her in default; thereafter,
defendant loses the right to
receive any other notices except
for judgment in default.

1
?$ ! &, , , & "" ) 1985 Bar Question
"" ) Checklist:
/ ) 1. Ground(s)
- 2 / 2. Argument(s)
3. Prayer/Relief
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* 4. Notice of Hearing
6@! A J 5. Proof of Service
6. Attachments (if any)
$-$:- 0:D+$ : /! 7. Verification (in certain cases)
!
- " @ @
& &

$3, $, 3$ $!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- *# .*#/3 / #.3 .$ *

3 . -3$-*! ) ! E

1" . %<' ! , 3
( = 7 )
2 $ ) )
, * " * , 3 ! ) ( < ,
! 1 $ ! N
/ 8 - 7 O"

" + , 3 ! 7 )
$ ) (, ! % '
! ! ! ) ,
3 " "" ) While it is not
required, it may, depending on
the type of motion, be advisable to
76 A 986" ! give a short summary of the
) E % ' $ ! %)' material antecedents so that the
) , 3 ! arguments and the basis for relief
% ' , 3 = ( " 8 ! is clear and placed in context.
) "

7:8+7 / .#/ ! # 3 ) .* 3
7 ) , 3 "

A J F?$ "

%0 "' # +$- : -#
3
H$ I

-)
1" 7;8/ 8 - 7
" 7<8 0
$ % & 2& #
6$ ! " # "" ) Rule 65, 1997 Rules
$ on Civil Procedure
Checklist:
1. 60 days from notice of
% * ' judgment or final order (cf. Rule
65, sec. 4)
**#- 2. Names of petitioner and
respondent
3. Grounds relied upon
**#- /! ) ! E 4. Prayer/Relief
5. Combined Verification,
Certification against Forum
7981" %0 B! J ! "' Shopping, and Statement of
Material Dates
" %0 3 B / , 6. Attachments
/ ! ! "' a. Certified true copies of the
judgment/order subject of
petition
7:86" %0 ) B b. All material portions of the
= ! != ) record as would support the
petition*
; = "'

9" %0 = B */#! " "! H I ! ! H)I


) ! H I ! !
) = "$ )
) )
) ) "'

<" * 8
! "

>" $ % ' 3
$-- K$"

7;8+7 / .#/ ! ) $-- -5 % !


' ) ) F ! =
B -2
#- ) "

A J F 768 2 "

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

- ) 7<8 ) 4 ! . 0 ! 0 , 3 "" ) To the standard


“Verification and Certification
Against Forum Shopping”, ADD
the date when the Decision or
P/ ><! >! " ; / <>! ) ! Judgment was received pursuant
) " / <>! / 9>! 9?! 9@! <1! < <> "/ to the requirements under the
9>! 6 % " # "% &' ' , %' , Rules of Court. (See Form I-G)
." 1 # &# 'E# " &% # , #
, " # &2 % "O

6
$ "" ) 1995 Bar Question
"" ) Checklist:
% * ' 1. 60 days from notice of
judgment or final order (cf. Rule
65, sec. 4)
**#- 2. Names of petitioner and
respondent
**#- /! ) ! E 3. Grounds relied upon
4. Prayer/Relief
5. Combined Verification,
7981" %0 B! J ! "' Certification against Forum
Shopping, and Statement of
" % )! 3 B / Material Dates
6. Attachments
, / ! ! "' a. Certified true copies of the
judgment/order subject of
7:8 6" %0 ) B petition
= ! != ) b. All material portions of the
record as would support the
; = "' petition*

9" %0 = B */#! " "! H I ! ! H)I


) ! H I ! !
) = " $ )
) )
) ) "'

<" * 8
! "

>" $ % ' 3
$-- K$"

7;8 +7 / .#/ ! = */# )


B !
! ) B )
% '"

A J F 768 2 "

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

- ) 7<8 ) 4 ! . 0 ! 0 , 3 "" ) To the standard


“Verification and Certification
Against Forum Shopping”, ADD
the date when the Decision or
Judgment was received pursuant
to the requirements under the
Rules of Court. (See Form I-G)

9
$! " # "" ) Checklist:
1. 60 days from notice of
judgment or final order (cf. Rule
% ' 65, sec. 4)
2. Names of petitioner and
**#- respondent
3. Grounds relied upon
4. Prayer/Relief
**#- /! ) ! E 5. Combined Verification,
Certification against Forum
7981" %0 B "' Shopping, and Statement of
Material Dates
6. Attachments
7:8 " %0 ) B a. Certified true copies of the
= ! judgment/order subject of
! = petition
b. All material portions of the
"' record as would support the
petition*
6" 8
! "

7;8+7 / .#/ ! ! !
B E % 8 ) '!
"

A J F 768 2 "

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

- ) 7<8 ) 4 ! . 0 ! 0 , 3

<
9$ F %& F . , & * & ' &,
$ "%& %& "" ) Rule 62
Checklist:
1. Parties - Petitioner, who must
-$ *#! claim no interest or has an
! interest not disputed by
0 $ - " CCCCCCCCCCCC claimants; and claimants over the
& & same subject matter
2. Material Allegations of Ultimate
Facts - facts showing conflicting
,$ $5$+ -$ $5$+$-! claims made on the same subject
3 " matter over which petitioner
claims no interest or an interest
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& that is not disputed by claimants
3. Prayer/Relief
#, $ -* 4. Date/Place of Execution
5. Signature of Counsel
6. Verification and Certification
$ -*..! ) ! E against Forum Shopping
"" ) 1995 Bar Question
7681" F CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC! ! )
"

798 " # 1 2 ! 5 / # ! ;
" * ( " # ) <2 1@@@!
"

6" ! !
; )
"

7:8+7 / .#/ ! 7 )

; ! )=
" "" ) It is important to
allege this because otherwise
plaintiff would be required to pay
7;8A J F 2 " the docket fees involved in filing
the Complaint in Interpleader
7<8%0 "' $** 0 .- 7 which would be determined by the
value of the property. In this way,
plaintiff will not be unduly
H$ I prejudiced by the costs of the
suit.
- ) 7=84 . 0

>
$ F " 2 & & "" ) Rule 63, sec. 1, par. 2
Checklist:
1" Parties - Any person interested
- / E A *-5#.** #4 / *7 under a deed, will, contract or
/# /*D #4 / 3 D* *-#" 1 69< other writing, before breach
0 $ - " 16< thereof, and who stands to suffer
-$ *#! 0 $ injury by operation of the said
deed, will, contract or other
3$, $! writing
! " Material Allegations of Ultimate
Facts - facts showing interest
under a deed, will, contract or
,$ $5$+!
other written instrument and
/ " injury arising from operation of
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& said deed, will, contract or other
writing and facts showing that no
violation or breach has occurred;
**#- may also show facts showing need
to reform instrument, quiet title
**#- /! ) ! E (arising from conflicting claims or
cloud thereon) or to consolidate
ownership (as when property
7681" 7 3$, $" under pacto de retro not
redeemed)
798 " * ! ! 3 0 6" Prayer/Relief
9" Date/Place of Execution
CCCCCCCCCCCCC! ) ! E
<" Signature of Counsel
>" Verification and Certification
%3 ) ' against Forum Shopping

) * *- " 1 69< / 3 , ; "*


) "

6" * 3 0 ! ) = - "
9>?! "

9" * 3 0 = =
" 8 3 0 )
! "

7:8+7 / .#/ ! 7 ) =
( ) 3 0 * - " 1 69<
"

7;8A J F 2 "

7<8%0 "' , * 7, 3 /

H$ I

- ) 7=84 . 0
$ , * & ' &, "" ) Rule 63, sec. 1, par. 1
Checklist:
1. Parties - Any person interested
-$ $ ! under a deed, will, contract or
! other writing, before breach
thereof, and who stands to suffer
& & - " 9>? injury by operation of the said
deed, will, contract or other
writing
*7 *D # - 2. Material Allegations of Ultimate
#.A Q#- *D! Facts - facts showing interest
under a deed, will, contract or
3 " other written instrument and
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& injury arising from operation of
said deed, will, contract or other
#, $ -* writing and facts showing that no
violation or breach has occurred;
may also show facts showing need
$ -*..! ) ! E to reform instrument, quiet title
(arising from conflicting claims or
cloud thereon) or to consolidate
7681" . J A J F ownership (as when property
A J ! & ) A J ! ) ) under pacto de retro not
A J 7 " redeemed)
3. Prayer/Relief
4. Date/Place of Execution
798 " # 1 $ 1@@@! # - " 69< ; 5. Signature of Counsel
J 6. Verification and Certification
1! " " * against Forum Shopping
# ! E

%A '

6" * ) &8 ) )
)
" ! , , ! =
) " 8
" *
# ) ) )
# "

9" ! ) = )

"

7:8+7 / .#/ ! 7 )
( # "

7;8A J F 2 "

7<8%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

- ) 7=84 . 0

?
$F G "" ) Rule 66
Checklist
1. Parties -
% ' a. Solicitor General, when
directed by President or motu
#, $ -* propio;
b. Person claiming to be
entitled to public office or position
$ -*..! ) ! E usurped or unlawfully held or
exercised by another against the
7681" %0 ) "' alleged usurping public officer;
2. Material Allegations of Ultimate
Facts - facts showing usurpation
798 " %0 of office and facts showing
) "' entitlement of petitioner to the
office
3. Prayer/Relief
6" %0 4. Date/Place of Execution
) "' 5. Signature of Counsel
6. Verification and Certification
against Forum Shopping
7:8+7 / .#/ ! 8
CCCCCCCCCCCC
) "

7;8A J F 2 "

7<8%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I

- ) 7=84 . 0

@
$ * / * 0 / ! ! *-
$ "%& D ,, 2 D ,
, 2 "" ) Checklist:
6$ "%& D , , 2 1. Identity of affiant and other
personal circumstances
2. Statement of venue
/ ) ' 3. Factual allegations to show
, ; ' " " violation or defense
4. Signature of affiant
5. Verification
! D * + 6. Certification as to Personal
Examination of Affiant
768 ! ! ! !. ! ! 798 9 7. Supporting
Documents/Affidavits
3 !* K4 !, ; ! ) E
"" ) Because an affidavit
must be based on personal
1" ) * K4 7 ($ %N
$ O
' knowledge of the affiant, many
3 0 $ " times, legal answers cannot be
included for fear that affiant does
7:8 " ) ! $! / H! < 3 !* K4 ! NOT have personal knowledge.
Stating that affiant was assisted
, ; ! $ 6<? / %0 # 3 '! by counsel may remove that
) ! ) ; problem as all that affiant has to
, $ 2 "* ) do is say “I was advised by
counsel that…”
) ," ) E

%A '

$ I "

6" ,"
;" 8 ! N . $ O ) !
I "

9" * N
, 0 O * K4
N
, 0 O , ) $ " 8 !," (
) "

<" , " , ( ;! ! )
) !
" * ! ! ) ," ( N O )
"," ( ;
! )
"

>" , " ( ; = ! ) )
"+ ! )
) ! (
)
) ! ," ) & )
8 " . ! " &# & . ! $! . ' & & 2&
&',
," ." " , !&& # # 6BBBBBB$
BB " & " .# 2
0 # # # <BBBBB$BB " & " .# 2 0 #
# # <BBBBB$
BB 3 "%& ' " . #"

*# *7 */ *7#.*7 .#/ 5# -5! &$ 16 $ "

7;8%0 "' !
&$

7<80 0 / 3$-30+#/- *# .#/ , 16 $ "

%0 "'

7=8 "" ) Rule 112, sec. 3(a),


2000 Rules on Criminal
Procedure. Note that this may be
7 / D /*.D *7$* 7$4 /0#-$ D K$, - 3 *7 $..$-* $-3 $, 0$*0. 3 done before a prosecutor, or any
*7$*7 4# -*$/ D K * 3$-3 -3 /0*##37 0 $..3$4 *" government official authorized to
administer an oath, or in their
%0 "' absence or unavailability, a
Notary Public.

6
9$ D ,
, 2 "" ) Checklist:
1. Identity of affiant and other
personal circumstances
/ ) ' 2. Statement of venue
, ; ' " " 3. Factual allegations to show
violation or defense
# -* /&$..3$4 * 4. Signature of affiant
5. Verification
/ E "0" - " 1>16 6. Certification as to Personal
Examination of Affiant
768 ! ! ! ! ) E 7. Supporting
Documents/Affidavits

1" 0 , A J ! ) "" ) Because an affidavit


must be based on personal
1@@?" ! & & knowledge of the affiant, many
# " times, legal answers cannot be
included for fear that affiant does
798 " ) "0" - " 1>16! NOT have personal knowledge.
Stating that affiant was assisted
! ) ! /- / 1@ 2 ) # by counsel may remove that
A J " problem as all that affiant has to
do is say “I was advised by
counsel that…”
6" * ) % ' -
) , " ,$-55$ 5$-*0# A J / 3 !
, 7 F )
) "

7:89" * ,$ 5 $-5( " *


) " * ) " * ) ,$
5 $-5( ! ) E

9"1" 0 ! , " 5 , ! ;
F " ;
, - )
" ) , F
, " + , !
"

9" " A ! ," 5 , ;


- "* , ; , "5 ","5
, "5 ) ! "

9"6" # !, " 5 ) , (# F
," 5 , ( " * ) , (
# ) "

9"9" 0 !, "5 ,"5


11! " " 0 ) )
! ," 5 , " 5 F
) = "

9"<" $ , " 5 ," 5


! ) 5 =
" ! , "5 F
! ,"5
# "

9">" * ! ,"5
F ,"5 )
"

<" ) , " 5 )
, "5 ,"5 F ! ) , "
5 ) )
; ) "

>" . ! ) ) , "
5 " % , " , , . # . #$ % , "
2 " &' # " &# H , #% # & :6<" !
/ D 4 )
) ) - % , " 5
'F ) # , ! "

61
" ! ) )
) "* !
!) "

*# *7 */ *7#.*7 .#/ 5# -5! 0 6 .) "

7;8%0 "' ,$ $ #
$

-)
1" 7<84
" 7=8

6
$ , " "%& "" ) Rule 110, section 6-
6$ , " , , &" ' 2# . 1 # 13, 2000 Rules on Criminal
Procedure
$ . "' Checklist:
1" Parties
% ' a. Name of offended party
b. Name of accused
" Designation of offense by
# #.*7 7 - 0! statute
! 6" Acts or omissions complained
- " <> of as constituting the offense
& & . E including a statement of the
qualifying or aggravating
circumstances
: *-! 9" Approximate time of the
$ " commission of the offense
<" Place of commission
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&
>" Signature of Prosecutor (for
Information)
-.#/,$*#- " Signature of Offended Party,
Peace officer or Public officer
charged with enforcement of the
* : *- ! E law (for Complaint)
?" NOTE: if Information is filed
* ) 62 >! A J = after inquest (and not preliminary
7 ) ! ! ) ,#:#! investigation), ADD:
a. Place where accused is
) ! actually detained
! $0$ +$ b. Full name and address of
A J " evidence custodian
c. Detailed description of
recovered items, if any
#-*/$/D*# $+" @" Verification
1 " Certification of Preliminary
Investigation or Inquest
#*- 00 "" ) 1989 Bar Question
$ "" ) NOTE: The allegation
of any aggravating circumstances
should be made here.
/*. $* #. / , -$/D -4 0*5$*#- "" ) See Rule 112, section
4, 2000 Rules on Criminal
) ) Procedure. This Certification is
appended to an Information filed
F F ) ) after a full blown preliminary
) )) F investigation is conducted; if the
) accused was arrested without a
) F warrant and refused/failed to
execute a written waiver of the
" provisions of Article 125, Revised
Penal Code, the ACP should have
#*- 00 conducted an INQUEST and not a
preliminary investigation. Any
$ Information filed would thus have
a different Certification, i.e., a
Certification on Conduct of
0 0 / 3$-30+#/- *# .#/ , @ $ > A J " Inquest.

$ $ #-
"" ) See Rule 110, sections
/ E 1 ! " 3, 4, 2000 Rules on Criminal
Procedure. Please note that the
oath is administered by a public
officer authorized to administer
an oath; thus, the JURAT does
not contain any reference to the
CTC details. Contrast this with
the Jurat in Form I-C, which
applies when a Notary Public
administers the oath.

66
$ , "" ) Checklist:
1. Parties
a. Name of offended party
% ' b. Name of accused
2. Designation of offense by
# #.*7 7 - 0! statute
! 3. Acts or omissions complained
of as constituting the offense
- " <> including a statement of the
& & . E* qualifying or aggravating
circumstances
4. Approximate time of the
: *# ,$- $ ! commission of the offense
$ " 5. Place of commission
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& 6. Signature of Prosecutor (for
-.#/,$*#- Information)
7. Signature of Offended Party,
Peace officer or Public officer
* : *# ,$- $ * ! E charged with enforcement of the
law (for Complaint)
8. NOTE: if Information is filed
* ) 6 2 >! A J after inquest (and not preliminary
= 7 ) ! ! 11 investigation), ADD:
; ! ! ! a. Place where accused is
! actually detained
b. Full name and address of
; ,$ $ $7$0! ! ; evidence custodian
; # 7 c. Detailed description of
* % 1 ! " ' = " recovered items, if any
9. Verification
10. Certification of Preliminary
#-*/$/D*# $+" Investigation or Inquest
"" ) 1988 Bar Question
#*- 00
$

/*. $*#- $0 *# #-3 *#. -A 0* "" ) See DOJ Circular No.


61 (September 21, 1993; “New
Rules on Inquest”), section 14. As
) ! ) noted above, this Certification
! $ 1 < / ! accompanies an Information filed
! 8 F ) ) after an inquest and not a
) ) ! ! preliminary investigation is
conducted. An inquest is
) ) ! ! ) conducted only if the respondent
F " was arrested without a warrant
and does not waive the provisions
of Article 125 of the RPC and does
#*- 00 not wish to avail of a full-blown
$ preliminary investigation.

0 0 / 3$-30+#/- *# .#/ , @ $ > A J "

$ $ #-

69
$ "% % "" ) 1982 Bar Question
"" ) Checklist:
% ' 1. Parties
a. Name of offended party
b. Name of accused
# #.*7 7 - 0! 2. Designation of offense by
! statute
- " <> 3. Acts or omissions complained
& & . E$ / of as constituting the offense
including a statement of the
qualifying or aggravating
,$ 0 $! circumstances
$ " 4. Approximate time of the
commission of the offense
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& 5. Place of commission
6. Signature of Prosecutor (for
-.#/,$*#- Information)
7. Signature of Offended Party,
Peace officer or Public officer
* ,$ 0$ E charged with enforcement of the
law (for Complaint)
* ) > 2 <! A J ! 8. NOTE: if Information is filed
after inquest (and not preliminary
! 0 :0 ! ! investigation), ADD:
) ! ) a. Place where accused is
! ) actually detained
! E 0 :0 ; ! J b. Full name and address of
evidence custodian
) ! ! ; ! c. Detailed description of
recovered items, if any
) ) 9. Verification
10. Certification of Preliminary
! Investigation or Inquest
"

#-*/$/D*# $+ "

#*- 00
$

-) 8

6<
$ # ! "" ) Checklist:
1. Parties
a. Name of offended party
% ' b. Name of accused
2. Designation of offense by
# #.*7 7 - 0! statute
! 3. Acts or omissions complained
of as constituting the offense
- " <> including a statement of the
& & . E. , qualifying or aggravating
circumstances
4. Approximate time of the
,$,$ ,$*$D! commission of the offense
$ " 5. Place of commission
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& 6. Signature of Prosecutor (for
Information)
7. Signature of Offended Party,
-.#/,$*#- Peace officer or Public officer
charged with enforcement of the
* ,$,$ ,$*$D E law (for Complaint)
8. NOTE: if Information is filed
after inquest (and not preliminary
* ) 1 $ >! A J ! investigation), ADD:
; "99 ) , ! a. Place where accused is
4 *,$! ! ! ) ; ! actually detained
b. Full name and address of
;! 4 * ! 4 evidence custodian
* % ' ! ) c. Detailed description of
) 4 * " recovered items, if any
9. Verification
10. Certification of Preliminary
#-*/$/D *# $+ Investigation or Inquest
! "

%0 "' #*- 00
$

-) 8

6>
$! #
6$ ! F # , " "" ) 1988 Bar Question
Checklist:
1. Caption and Title
768/ ) 2. Parties
- 2 / 3. Distinct specification of factual
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /* and legal grounds for quashal
@ !A J 4. Relief
5. Date/Place
# #.*7 7 - 0! 6. Signature of counsel
! 7. Notice of Hearing
- " <> 8. Affidavit of service
& & . E* "" ) 1976, 1986, 1988 and
1990 Bar Question
: *# ,$- $ !
$ "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- *# A $07

798*7 $ 0 3! ) ! 8
E

7:85/# -30

1" * #-*$ -0 $4 /, -*0 +7 7! . */ ! +# 3 #-0** * $ 5$


2 0*. $*#-F

" *7 0 # /* 0 + *7# *2 / 03 *#-"

! E

$/5 , -*

* : *# ,$- $ %11'
; " $ 1 ! 6 / !
! ! ) "

* " !
) ) $ ? / !
!
! ) ) )
" * ) )
) ) 8
3 0 + ; 3 "

7;8+7 / .#/ ! ) A $07 3


) "

7<8A J F 2 "

7=8%0 "' , * 7, 3 /
$
H$ I

-)
1" 7>8/ 8 - 7
" 7?8 0

6
9$ ! F # G "" ) Rule 126, sec. 14,
2000 Rules on Criminal
Procedure; this is a new pleading
768% ' expressly recognized for the first
# #.*7 7 - 0! time in the Rules, although it has
! been used widely in practice and
even acknowledged by the
Supreme Court in case law.
& & - " Please take note that this may be
. E ) filed in and acted upon only by
4 5 7$-! the court where the action is filed
but if no action has yet been filed,
$ " it may be filed with the court that
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& issued the search warrant. If no
resolution has yet been made by
,#*#- *# A $070 $/ 7+$//$-* the Search Warrant Court by the
time an Information is filed, then
the trial court shall resolve the
* $ 0 3! ) ! 8 0 + - " 11 Motion to Quash.
) 7 ) 1 2 >) E "" ) Checklist:
1. Caption and Title
7981" / 1 >! 0 " 1 / / 2. Distinct Specification of
Factual and Legal Grounds for
) %1 ' ! ) " Quashal
a. Failure to comply with form
" 0 + - " 11 1 2 >" 6 2 prescribed by law
>! 11 F ) 0 / ), = b. Served beyond period
c. More than one offense
$ $ ! % '" $ d. No personal determination of
! 6 2 >F ! )= J probable cause by Judge
" ! 0 + ! !) 8 " e. No probable cause
3. Relief
4. Place/Date
7:8+7 / .#/ ! 0 + - " 11 ) A $07 3 5. Signature of Counsel
)= J ) -$3, 00 6. Notice of Hearing
$ !0 6% ' 1@? " 7. Proof of Service

7;8A J F <2 >"

7<8%0 "' ,$ *$ $-5


$
H$ I

-)
1" 7=8/ 8 - 7
" 7>8 0

6?
:$ ! %% ## 2 "" ) Rule 126, sec. 14,
2000 Rules on Criminal
Procedure; this is a new pleading
768% ' expressly recognized for the first
time in the Rules, although it has
# #.*7 7 - 0! been used widely in practice and
! even acknowledged by the
Supreme Court in case law.
Please take note that this may be
& & - " filed in and acted upon only by
. E ) the court where the action is filed
but if no action has yet been filed,
4 5 7$-! it may be filed with the court that
$ " issued the search warrant. If no
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&& resolution has yet been made by
the Search Warrant Court by the
time an Information is filed, then
,#*#- *# 0 / 00 4 3 - - $+. D0 Q 3 the trial court shall resolve the
Motion to Quash.
* $ 0 3! ) ! )= J 6 2 "" ) Checklist:
>! 0 + - " 11 ) 7 ) 1 2 >! ) 1. Caption and Title
E 2. Distinct Specification of
Factual and Legal Grounds for
Suppression
7981" 0 + - " 11 11 ! ! " a. Search without witnesses
" * J ) J " b. Served beyond period
c. More than 1 offense
d. No receipt
3 e. No inventory
H1I 0 + - " 11 f. Property not subject of
11 ! ! seizure
g. Not evidence in plain view
" 3. Prayer/Relief
4. Place/Date
1" / 1 >! 0 "1 / / 5. Signature of Counsel
) %1 ' ! ) " 6. Notice of Hearing
7. Proof of Service

" 0 + - " 11 1 2 >" 6 2


>! 11 F ) 0 / ), =
$ $ ! % '" $
! 6 2 >F ! )= J
" ! 0 + "

6" - J ) " . ! )=
) E
H I

H I* J

) J "

9" # ! N J O ( 2 K2
!N
- " 1R
! ) )= "* !
; - , "

<" * ) )= )"*
) )"

>" , ! ) = J F
) J "

7:8+7 / .#/ ! )= J 0 +
- " 11 ) -$3, 00 $ ! 6% '
0 1@? ". ! 5 2 K2
N- " 1R) "

7;8A J F <2 >"

7<8%0 "' ,$ *$ $-5


$
H$ I

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" 7>8 0

6@
;$ ! , & "" ) Checklist:
1. Caption and Title
2. Parties
768% ' 3. Specification of grounds for
entitlement to bail
# #.*7 7 - 0! 4. Prayer/Relief
! 5. Place/Date
6. Signature of Counsel
- " <> 7. Notice of Hearing
& & . E, 8. Proof of Service

-$:$ *!
$ "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

,#*#- .#/ $

798*7 $ 0 3! ) ! ) ) 7:8 "" ) See Rule 114, as


( " ! ) E amended; however, as bail is
generally a matter of right and is
only limited and made
1" * < 3 ) < discretionary in capital cases, the
A J " * ( ! ! ) E % ' allegation in this regard would
% $-- K$ ' invariably be to the effect that the
evidence of guilt is not strong and
F %)' ) - the relief prayed for would be a
% $-- K ' ! % ' bail hearing and the subsequent
! ) admission to bail.
%<' % '
) ) )"

" . ! )
" 7 ! ! )
"

+7 / .#/ ! ) E %1' ) !
)
( ! % ' ! ) ) "

# = 8 ) "

A J F 2 "

%0 "' , * 7, 3 /
$
H$ I

-)/ 8 - 7

9
*$ %%& , & "" ) Checklist:
1. All the requirements as in
ordinary motions
768% ' 2. Grounds for Probation (See PD
968, as amended)
# #.*7 7 - 0! 3. Prayer/Relief
! 4. Verification by Applicant
5. Notice of Hearing

& & - " 119? ?

/ D3 4 0*!
$ "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

$ $*#- .#/ /# $*#-

*7 $ 0 3! ) ! )
3 - " @>?! "

! ) E

1" $ & $0-


* $ ! A J " # 6 .) ! N O
F 8 ! 7 ) # ? ,
& %6' %<'
"

798 " $ & ) ) 8


8 3 - " @>?! E

"1" 0 ) )
F

" " 0 ) ) =
) ) %1' %1' B
* 7 % " 'F

"6" 0 )
) 3 - " @>?"

"9" 0 ! !
- $ # "

6 . !
; ) ! &
" , ! & 8
"

7:8 +7 / .#/ ! & ) )


5/$-* 3 ) )
)= ! ! != )
7 ) "

A J F1 , "

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$
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" 7<8/ 8 - 7

91
+$ *
/ * 0 / * -! !! + * !
*-
$ ,, ,2 %% # "" ,
,
6$ " &, , ,2

/ )
- 2 /
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /*
@ !A J
# #.*7 7 - 0!
!
- " 11
& &

/ D3 4 0*!
$ "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

.#/,$ #.. / #. 4 3 - "" ) Variably and


acceptably denominated by others
as “Formal Offer of Documentary
*7 /#0 *#-! ) ) ! Exhibits”; please note that this
) & & E applies to criminal and civil cases.
In criminal cases, the private
1" ) $! S
$ : ! ! ) $&1! prosecutor has no personality to
formally offer the evidence, thus,
T ! & the offer is made in the name of
; # , % 1! ! " ' ! ! the prosecution.
; F "" ) If the question calls for
F " an Offer of Evidence by the
Accused/Defense, then the proper
1st par. should read: “The Accused
" ) ! & ; 6 2 9! ) (Defendant), by counsel,
# , % 1! ! " 'F ) &1! ; N3$ .O
F ) respectfully offers his/her
& ! ;T ;! documentary exhibits in support
! "* ; ) $ of his/her defenses, as follows:”.
Invariably, the Offer of Evidence is
" made in table or column form
such that it would be easier for
+7 / .#/ ! ) ) $3, ** 3 the Court to see the Exhibit No.,
Description and Purpose but, for
& & "
purposes of the Bar, this would
not be practicable nor practical.
A J F 2 " All that is important is that the
Offer contain the Exhibit Number,
a description of the Exhibit and
#*- 00 $** 0 .- 7 the Purpose of Offer.
)
"" ) This is a common
mistake for any legal document
E submitted by a private
prosecutor. It is important to
, * 7, 3 / remember that the private
prosecutor has no personality to
$ do anything in a criminal case as
everything is under the control
and direction of the public
prosecutor. Thus, every legal
document must be signed by both
the public prosecutor and the
private prosecutor. Note that it
would also be acceptable to
have the Offer that is prepared
by a private prosecutor signed
by the public prosecutor to
show his conformity thereto.

9
9$ "" %% # ,
,

# #.*7 7 - 0!
!
- " 11
& &

/ D3 4 0*!
$ "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

#,, -*#- *7 /#0 *#-(


0
.#/,$ #.. / #. 4 3 -

*7 $ 0 3! ) ! (#
E

1" ) $! S
$ : ! ! ) $&1!
-$3, 00 )
)= & ! ! )"

" ) ! & ; 6 2 9! )
# , % 1! ! " 'F ) &1! ; N
3$ .O
F )
& ! ; -$3, 00
/ ; F )
"

$ #/3 -5 D! $ 0 3 ) ( )
-$3, 00 ! ! ) K 3 3" "" ) NOTE: The purpose of
the offer is never objected to;
rather it is the admissibility of the
A J F 2 " document that is objected to. The
purpose of offer goes to weight of
%0 "' , * 7, 3 / the document (unless of course,
$ the objection is relevance, then
purpose may properly be objected
H$ I to as relevance also determines
admissibility). Any objections to
E purpose should be made in the
Memorandum and an appropriate
reservation to do so may be stated
#*- 00 in the Comment.
)

$** 0 .- 7

96
$* " 2
6$ " & ##

% '

# #.*7 7 - 0!
!
- "
& & . E4 31?>>

$-$:- 0:D+$ : /!
$ "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

3 , // / *# *7 /#0 *#-(
0 4 3- "" ) A Demurrer may also
be called a “Motion to Acquit” as
the relief sought is acquittal.
*7 $ 0 3! ) ! ) ! )
3 ( "" ) There is a different
rule in criminal procedure as
) E regards a Motion for Leave to File
A Demurrer. The Motion for Leave
1" ! ) "* must be filed prior to the
Demurrer. It is only when the
Motion for Leave is granted that
) " * ! the Demurrer may be filed.
"
! ! )
"

" *
) "

"1" * 3 1?>>F
J " !
"

" " *
"* ) 3
1?>>" + ! "

6" $) ! " "! ) ! "


* F ! !) 8 "

+7 / .#/ ! ) 3 0, 00 3
) $ A ** 3 "

A J F 16 $ "

3$/*70 3 # 0
$
H$ I

-)/ 8 - 7 "" ) -NOTE: A Demurrer is


essentially a Motion to Acquit. It
is thus a litigious motion and
should be set for hearing.

99
9$ 2& # #

% '

$-$:- 0:D+$ : /!
!
- " @ @
& &

$3, $, 3$ $!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

3 , // / *# *7 4 3-

3 . -3$-*! ) ! ! ) "" ) Note the difference in


3 ) ) the rule between a civil demurrer
and a demurrer in criminal cases
E insofar as effects of leave of court
is concerned. A civil demurrer
1" * ; " may be filed with or without leave
of court but if the demurrer is
granted and later reversed on
" ! ! E% ' ! %)' appeal, the defendant loses the
) !% ' ) ) right to adduce evidence.
% ' ( ) ) "

6" 8 ! )
"

+7 / .#/ ! ) 3 0, 00 3"

A J F 16 $ "

%0 "' # +$- : -#
3
H$ I

-)/ 8 - 7

9<
$ , # # "" ) 1980 Bar Question

/ )
9 2 /
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /*
1! $
3$, $!
!
- "
& & . E/

$ $-5 $!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

-#* #. 0 -3 -0

*7 / 5 0* / #.3 30
$ ! /J

; ) * *- 1 69 $ ! /JF
)=
& ) 3$, $! ) & " $ !
"

/ 0 *. D0 , ** 3"

A J F 16 $ "

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I
E

, * 7, 3 / ! 8"
3

9>
*$ %% # #& "" ) 1978 and 2002 Bar
Question
/ )
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /*
- 2 /
1 1! A J
$-$:- 0:D+$ : /!
!
- " 16<
& & . E 0

$3, $, 3$ $!
3 "
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-*/D#.$ $/$-

*7 /$- 7 /:#. # /*
/ *
1 1! A J

$ !
) ! "7 ;
) "

/ 0 *. D0 , ** 3"

A J F 16 $ "

%0 "' # +$- : -#
- " 1! J
* !

+ *7,D #-.#/, *DE

%0 "' $3, $, 3$ $ "" ) This is frequently


overlooked but is actually the
most important part of the Entry
of Appearance as it indicates to
E the Court the authority given and
the source of such authority.
3$/*70 3 # 0

9
$G &# #&
6$ G &# #&

% '

$-$:- 0:D+$ : /!
!
- " 16<
& & . E 0

$3, $, 3$ $!
3 "
&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&&

+ *73/$+$ #.$ $/$-

*7 /$- 7 /:#. # /*
/ *
1 1! A J

; + *73/$+$ $-$:-
0:D+$ : /! ) ! " 7 ;
"

/ 0 *. D0 , ** 3"

A J F 2 "

%0 "' ,$ + -3
1 ! !

+ *7,D #-.#/, *DE

%0 "' $-$:- 0:D+$ : /

9$ G &# # &G 0 - , " ' ,&

% '

$-$:- 0:D+$ : /!
!
- " 16<
& & . E 0

$3, $, 3$ $!
3 "
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+ *73/$+$ #.$ $/$-

*7 /$- 7 /:#. # /*
/ *
1 1! A J

; + *73/$+$ $-$:-
0:D+$ : / & & % ,## & ,
, # %& ,
,, #
3% ## , " ' ,%& ,, "7 ; "" ) NOTE: If the client
" gives express conformity, no
reason for withdrawal needs to be
given. However, if withdrawal is
/ 0 *. D0 , ** 3" without conformity, the court may
ask counsel to secure conformity.
A J F 2 " If withdrawal is due to
fundamental and irreconcilable
professional differences, then it
%0 "' ,$ + -3 must be stated so that the
1 ! ! absence of conformity of the
erstwhile client is justified.

9?
$ # , #&

% '

$-$:- 0:D+$ : /!
!
- " 16<
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3 "
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) 3 , ! ) ) " 7 !
; ) "

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A J F 2 "

# +$- : -#
3

* / !

+ *7,D #-.#/, *DE

%0 "' $3, $, 3$ $

/$ , %% & "" ) 1975 Bar Question

/ )
- 2 /
/ - "" ) NOTE: The Notice of
1! , Appeal is filed with the trial court,
not the appellate court.
*$ # -$-!
!
- "
& &

$-$ #!
3 "
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-#* #.$ $

$ -*..! ) ! $ 3
7 ) >2 >! 1> 2 >! )
"

A J , F1 2 >"

%0 "' $** 0 .- 7

H$ I
E

, * 7, 3 /
3

9@
+$ * / * / * -! * ! *
* /
$ , 0 # %# "" ) 1979 and 1992 Bar
Question
/ )
- 2 /
/ 5 #-$ */ $ # /*
1@1! , ;

- / E **#- .#/ 7$ $0
#/ 0 #.*7 , -#/0 :
$-3 $ 0:D+$ : /
0 - " 111669
$3, $, 3$ $!
"

$-$:- 0:D+$ : /!
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**#-

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1" ; 0; ;! )
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0 .) ! ! ; ! )
; ( "

6" ) % ' ! )
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= "

+7 / .#/ ! )
; ! )=
! ! )
"

A J F 2 "

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$ , %

- / E **#- .#/ $3# *#-


#.$-$:- 0:D+$ : /
0 - " 111669
3$/*74$3 / $3, $, 3$ $!
"
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**#-

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1" ) !) ! CCCCCCCCCC"

" * =
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F ) " + ; ( !
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$ , * & , &
&' ,! . %%& , 2# &
# "" ) Under AM No. 02-11-
12-SC Proposed Rule on
Provisional Orders adopted by
H * I the SC on 4 March 2003 and
which took effect on 15 March
**#- /! ) ! E 2003, the ff. provisional orders
may be applied for upon filing of a
petition for declaration of nullity
1" . J ! " . of marriage:
! ) H a) spousal support [§ 2]
I" b) child support [§ 3]
c) child custody [§ 4]
d) visitation rights [§ 5]
" / . J ! ! H I e) hold departure orders [§ 6]
"7 ) f) order of protection [§ 7]
H I g) admin of common property [§ 8]

6" H I ! H
) ! I" $ , )
I F )
I *! "

9" ) , 1"
* ) ; ) (
( "" ) NOTE: It may be
) ! 1@@? ) psychological incapacity only on
the part of one party so the
allegations may be tailored to
address that situation.
<" *
) )F !
! ! "

>" = 8 ! )
) ! H I" 3
! )
! ! ! )
F ) ! 8 "" ) Under the Rule on
) Provisional Orders, child custody
may be sought in a petition for
" declaration of nullity where the
court considers the best interests
" ( ) ) of the child as paramount;
provisional custody may be
4>1"1 / ) N
, 3 O N6 1"@
awarded to the following based on
3 - # 0 O
F ! ) the order of preference:
( ;& N
6 1" 0 J 3 1) to both parents jointly
O ) N ! ) "O * 2) to either parent taking into
account all relevant
;& & & considerations, esp. the choice of
## ##" % %N
/ O
' ?3 ) >! I " the child
3) to the surviving grandparent, or
if there are several of them, to the
?" * ( ) )
grandparent chosen by the child
" above 7 years of age unless the
grandparent chosen is unfit or
@" ) ! ( disqualified
4) to the eldest brother or sister
! ) ) ! over 21 years of age unless unfit
"$ ! ! or disqualified
% ' ) ! 5) to the actual custodian over 21
years of age unless unfit or
"
disqualified, or
6) to any other person deemed by
1 " ! ! the court suitable to provide
; proper care and guidance. § 4.
" % ' ; "" ) Under the Rule on
) I % ' ; Provisional Orders, child support
may also be sought. It must first
) I /" * be taken from the properties of
" / ! ! ) the absolute community or the
% '" conjugal partnership. In the
discretion of the court, either
parent or both may be ordered to
+7 / .#/ ! /#4 0 #-$ #/3 /0 give an amount necessary for
) support, maintenance and
% '! )= = education of the child in
proportion to the resources or
) ) " means of the giver and to the
needs of the recipient. Thus, the
earning capacity of the parent and
the amount needed for support
must be alleged.
<
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; E
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; E ONLY instance when an ordinary
appeal from the RTC is with the
• 1< = Supreme Court and where resort
• - $ is made by simple notice of
• $ ( B, appeal; the only ground is where
• $ ( B
, the penalty imposed is reclusion
perpetua or life imprisonment or
where a lesser penalty is imposed
but involving offenses committed
on the same occasion or arising
out of the same occurrence that
gave rise to the more serious
offense for which the penalty of
death or life
imprisonment/reclusion perpetua
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$ #, 2 "" ) Rules 42, 43, 45, 122
6$ " # %% && , " 1 #D &. # "" ) Rules 42 and 43
; E
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