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ORGANS IN THE BODY QUADRANTS AND REGIONS

Body Quadrants and Regions


-A scheme commonly used by medical personnel divides the abdominopelvic cavity into four or
less equal regions called quadrants

FOUR ABDOMINAL QUADRANTS

RIGHT UPPER QUADRANT LEFT UPPER QUADRANT


• Liver • Left lower part of liver
• Gallbladder • Upper lobe of left kidney
• Duodenum • Splenic flexure of colon
• Head of the pancreas • Section of transverse colon
• Right Adrenal gland • Section of descending colon
• Upper lobe of right kidney • Stomach
• Hepatic flexure of colon • Spleen
• Section of ascending colon • Pancreas
• Section of transverse colon • Left Adrenal gland

RIGHT LOWER QUADRANT LEFT LOWER QUADRANT


• Lower lobe of right kidney • Lower lobe of left kidney
• Section of ascending colon • Section of descending colon
• Right fallopian tube (female) • Left spermatic cord (male)
• Right ovary (female) • Part of uterus (if enlarged)
• Part of uterus (if enlarged) • Sigmoid colon
• Right spermatic cord (male) • Left ureter
• Cecum • Left ovary (female)
• Appendix • Left fallopian tube (female)
• Right ureter
NINE ABDOMINAL REGIONS

Umbilical- around the umbilicus


Epigastric- located superior to the umbilical region
(Epi = above, gastric = stomach)
Hypogastric (Hypo = below, gastric = stomach).
Left Lumbar and Right Lumbar- the lumbar region is the lower back
(Lumbus-loin)
Left Iliac and Right Iliac or inguinal (iliac=superior part of the hip bone)
Left Hypochondriac and Right Hypochondriac- flank the epigastric region and contain the
lower ribs
(chondro = cartilage)

RIGHT HYPOCHONDRIAC EPIGASTRIC LEFT HYPOCHONDRIAC


• Right lobe of liver • Aorta • Stomach
• Gallbladder • Pyloric end of stomach • Spleen
• Part of duodenum • Part of duodenum • Tail of pancreas
• Hepatic flexure of colon • Pancreas • Splenic flexure of colon
• Upper half of right kidney • Part of liver • Upper half of left kidney
• Suprarenal gland • Suprarenal gland

RIGHT LUMBAR UMBILICAL LEFT LUMBAR


• Ascending colon • Omentum • Descending colon
• Lower half of right kidney • Mesentery • Lower half of left kidney
• Part of duodenum and • Lower part of duodenum • Part of jejunum and ileum
jejunum • Part of jejunum and ileum

RIGHT INGUINAL/ILIAC HYPOGASTRIC LEFT INGUINAL/ILIAC


• Cecum • Ileum • Sigmoid colon
• Appendix • Bladder (if enlarged) • Left ureter
• Lower end of ileum • Uterus (if enlarged) • Left spermatic cord (male)
• Right ureter • Left ovary (female)
• Right spermatic cord (male)
• Right ovary (female)