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Network Address Translation

NAT
Objective

• Upon completing this lesson, you will be able


to:
– Configure the NAT: Static ,Overload and Dynamic

– Use the Cisco IOS command to identify the NAT

– Troubleshoot the NAT


What is NAT?
• NAT is a protocol that gives you the ability
to map an inside IP Address used in the
local network environment to the outside
network environment.

• NAT is used in our Internetwork to save


the space of the registered ip address.
Benefit of NAT
• Enabling a private IP network to use non-
registered IP addresses to access an outside
network such as the Internet
• You need to connect to the Internet and your
hosts don’t have enough public IP addresses.
• Translating internal IP addresses assigned by old
Internet Service Providers ( ISPs ) to a new ISP’s
without manually configuring the local network
interface .
NAT Terminology
Before continuing with this chapter, you should
be familiar with the following CISCO terms:

• Inside network : This is the set of network


addresses that is subject to translation . The IP
addresses used within the network are invalid on
an outside network, such as the Internet or the
network’s ISP
NAT Terminology
• Outside network : This is a network that is
not affiliated or owned by the inside
network organization . This can be the
network of another company when two
companies merge but typically is the
network of an Internet Service Provider (
ISP ) The addresses used on this network
are legally registered IP addresses.
Static ,Overload and Dynamic NAT
• Static NAT
This type of NAT is designed to allow one
to-one mapping between local and global
addresses.
Configure the Static NAT
• Define the Interface
– Mark the Interface connect to the inside

– Mark the Interface connect to the outside

– Establish the NAT translation between an


inside address and outside address.
Example of Static NAT
Dynamic NAT
• This version gives you the ability to map
an unregistered IP address to a registered
IP address from the pool of registered IP
addresses.
Configure Dynamic NAT
Example of Dynamic NAT
NAT Overloading (PAT)
• overloading really is a form of dynamic NAT
that maps multiple unregistered IP
addresses to a single registered IP address
many-to-one—by using different ports.
Configure NAT overloading
Display and Clear the NAT Information

Displays active translations

Displays translation statistics

Clear the NAT Translation


END