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c

TEMA 27: EL ISLAM

Introducción:c ccc c


c  cc c
c c ccc c c
c  c c c c  c c ccc cc cc
c
 c  c  c  c

Orígenes:c  c c c  c c   c c  c  c c  c c c  c c
c cc  cc c  c  ccc  c c c cc c
 cc ! c"#c
c$  ccc c c cc% c
 c   c $  c
c c  c  c c &c c c   c   c
 c" c
c   c c cc c c c'ccc
 c
c (c (  #c c c c c c  c  c  c "!)#c
 c' ccc c cc  c"*#cccc c  c

c ccccc
cc$c+&c,cc c  c c c
c
c' c c c   cc

cccc c cc c   c c   cc c  c


c c c  c   c  c c c  c  c  c  c
"   c& c#c c c  c  cccc cc
c  c
c   c c c  c   c c  c c  c c
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c  c c c &c  c   c    c c 
c (  c  c   c
"    cc(cc- #.c& c"  cccc(c
c
#c c & c c  c c c c
c c )
c "$#c c & c c $c
cc c cc/c"  c c
c  #cc cc c c
c   cc  c cc ccc cc ccc0c
c c ccc c cc c
c  cc cc$cc
c c c c c c c  c ")
# c c c 0 c c $c c
(ccccc c  c(cc c c c'c
 cccc  ccc cc cc c c cccc
/c c c 1 (
c c  c c (c c c c  c  c  c
c c  c  c
c c c c c
c * c 'c c  c c c  c
 cc(cc

Mahoma y el Islam:c$cccc$ccc cccc1


c cc
c ccc234!254 c0cc c
c ccc c&cc cc
cc
ccccc c6 c&(c cccccc (c
c7
cc'cc  c c c84ccc( cc c9c'cc
c c c (c c -c  c  c   c c  c  c c
 c c  c  c c &( c 6 c c  c c c c c
  c c  c   c '  c "  c c %:#c c c 'c c (c   c
  cc c  cc c'c cc$c
c c  c c
   c c c'  c" cc  c
c #c; cccc c
c
c  c c cc ccc$c" cc!; #c ccc&cc$c
"*#c <c =c c >c c c ' c c "  c   c & #c c
?@@c cc)0  c  cc cc  c   c cc cccc
c c  c c $c c c c c  
c c c   c  c c
&c (  c c  c   c
c  c c $c c  c c
c"#ccc'cc c
cc cc'c  c
'c c (c c  c -c c  c c c  c c c c c c
c $c
c  c   c c c c  c ( c c c $c  c
 c  c c ?@8c (c c &0c c  c ( c c c c
 c cccc  c cc$ c'cc (c c
c   c c  c & c c ?@2c c $c  c c (c &0c 'c  c (c c c
$c 6c c cc c c $c (c c &0c c A4444c
 c'c c$ c cc c ccc c(c c   cc
 c(ccc ccc$c$cc cc c'c c
 c  c  c c c c ( c   c  c  c c $c
cc cc  c&cc?@5c c ccc$c
c$ c 0c
c  c c  c c  c   c c c   c   c c c
$c $c c  (c c c
c c  c c c $c c c &0c c
A4444c c'c ccccc cc cccccBcc?C4!
?C@c  c c c  c c c c  c  c c (c c c
 c -  c c c c c  c  c " c  c c c c
$cc cc#c$ccc?C@c

Expansión: califas (632-661).cc cc$c cc ccc  cc


?C@!??Ac ccc ccc c c c  c cc cc
   c c  c (  c  c  c c c c c c  c
  c c ;c  c c  
 c c c (c  c c
c
 (cc

Expansión territorial:ccccc$cc cc%:c"?C@!C8#c'cccc c


 c   c   c $ c  c  c  c  c    c ' c
c$cc%:c  ccc cc(c c
cc( c c c( c
'  c (c 0 c c  c c " c c ?C2 c  c c ?C5c  c c ?8@ c
  c c ?8@#c c c c  c  c  c   c
c c c c Dc
  c <c c c <c  c   c c   c   c c c c c
  c
c c  c cccc ccc c ccc ccc
 c'c cc c c c c  c;cc(c c
ccc
c  c c c'cc c cc c c

Ec"?88!?2?#cccc
ccc  cc c cc$c
 c'  cc c c$c
cccc c  ccc  c
' c c c  c  c c c "?2?!??A# c c c $ c c 'c
cc  cc c
c c ccc( cc cc
 c Dc

!c  c  c:c


c c"c<cF#c
!c c
c  c"$G
c<cF#c

-c   c c  c   c c c ( c c  c c c "  c 'c
(cc c c
c&
 c c c
c cc  c
cc c(c c
 c c c c c  c  c &
 c c c c   c (  c
'c c 'c c c   c c c c c 
c c c   c (c c
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 c"??A!324#.c 0 c" cc c  c cA@25#.c&
 c"  c

c
c cc c  ccF#c

Organización (632-661):ccc$cc  cc cccc c  c c


ccc cc cHc  cc c c
c c ccc
 c ccc  c c$ccc c c cc  c
 c   cc-cc& c c" c c cc  cc #cccc
c c c  c c  c c c  c c )
c c   c
c  c
0c c  c c  c
c   c c  c '  c  c c c c
 c  (c c cc ; c "AI2c c  c c  c  c '  c
   c c  c  c  c   c #c  c  c c  c
 (c  c  c ccc cccc c' c" c
   c  c# c&cc c'c c c c c cc c
ccc c ccc c(cc cc c&cccccc
 c

Califato omeya (661-750):ccc cc$G


c c cc ccc
c  c  c c (c c  c c c  c  c "??A!?58#c
c "?58!
324#cc c  c c cc  c c(cc( c( cc
 c
c&
 cEc(c  c c  cc ccccc c c
'c (cc(c  ccc  ccc

-'  Dc c c  cJ cc c


ccc  cccc
c"F c cc.c
cF ccc#cc  c c ccc
3C@cc cc  cc c  c( c ccc  c'c  cc
c
c c c c c 6 c 6 c  c c c 0 c 
c c ( c
 c c ' c -  c c   c  c  c c 0c c
 ccc cccc c c cccc c
c c
c&cc cc c c c  c cc/ccc cc
 c0c c  c&ccccc$ c  c'c c
  c c(cc cccc

Organización política (661-750):c c 0 c 


c   c c c  c  c c
c ( ccc  c
c &cccc cc c
 cc c  cc c c ccc c c'c0c c
  c c  Jc c c  c c  c c c c c c
cc&ccccc
 c
cc c-cc ccccc
 c
c cccc c cc  c c cc6 cc c
c ( c  c  c c  c c  c  c ( c
c  c
 c c ( cc: c7  c;   c)
 c* cc
c! cc
 c 
c  c c  c c  c  c  Dc  c "  c c   c
'c (c  c
c #.c  c "c c c  !  !c
c c
c#cc c ccc  c(  c(c cc
'c c   c c  c c c c   c Ec c  c  c c  c
(  c c   c c   c c c  c c c c c c
( cc c

Califato Abbasí (750-1258): cc384ccc


ccc c c
'cc (c ccc c c cccccccKc"324#c
 cc(cc c c
 ccc'c c  cc!!+cc
c  c0cc cc cc

Gobierno abasí:cccccc cc c c c cc


c c cc cc$c ccc  c ccc c
  cc( c cc cc c'cc(ccc
c
c  c (c c c c c  c c c c c  c c
c cc0ccc cc c c cc%  c ccc
(c c c Fc c c  c c  c c c  c c  c
( c c  c cccc c c cc ccc
c c  c   c (c c c 'c c c  c  c
 c c  c 'c c c c c; c c  c c  c c (c
  c c c c  c ( c  c 
 c   c   c  c
c c c cc c  c c'cc   c  c
c c c  c c  c c c c c c c  c c
0  c cc c   cc c
c&0cc c