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Diploma in Instrumentation & Control Engineering

Semester: V

Subject Name: Analytical Instrumentation

Sr. No. Course Content

1. Analysis Using Different Properties :

1.1 Analysis Using Mechanical Properties

1.1.1 Viscosity
• Definitions
• Viscometers : Efflux Cup Type ,Say bolt, Ford cup, Zahn Cup, Automatic Efflux Cup,
Diff. Pressure Type, Magnetically Coupled Type.
1.1.2 Density and specific gravity
• Definitions
• Displacement type density meter,
• Buoyancy effect densitometer, Radio active densitometer.
• Vibrating U Tube type, Oscillating Coriolis Type, Liquid Densitometer,
• Straight Tube Pneumatic Densitometer,
• Thermal conductivity type Densitometer
1.2 Analysis Using Thermal Properties
• Thermal conductivity analysis
• Construction of hotwire thermal conductivity cell
1. 3 Analysis Using Electrical Properties :
1.3.1 pH analysers
• Introduction of pH
• Principles of pH measurement
• Electrodes of pH measurement
• Construction and Working of pH meters
1.3.2 Conductivity analyser
• Introduction and applications
• Methods of Measurement of Conductance : Null method and Direct reading method
• Conductivity cell
• Temperature compensation in Conductivity Measurement
1.4 Analysis Using Radiant Energy Property :
• X-Ray techniques of analysis by diffraction method.
• Geiger Muller (G.M.) counter and its measuring circuit.

2. O2 Analyzer
• Heat of reaction method, oxygen analyser.
• Paramagnetic O2 analyzer

3. Polarography
• Types & Theory of polarography

4. Flourescence Spectrography:
• Absorption spectrography, Scheme of X-Ray absorption spectrography.
5. Ionization Radiation:
• Properties of Cesium-134 and Cobalt-60

6. Spectrometer:
• Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectrometer (NMR)
• Principles and Constructional details of NMR
• Electron Spin Resonance Spectrometer (ESR)
• Principles and Constructional details of ESR

7. Gas Chromatographs:
• Chromatography
• Basic Parts of a Gas Chromatograph
• Carrier gas supply
• Sample Injection System
• Chromatographic Column
• Thermal compartment
• The detection system (Thermal Conductivity Detector, Flame Ionisation Detector)
• Recorders

8. Ultrasonics :
• Properties
• Applications of ultrasonic transducer
• Ultrasonic flaw detector
• Pulse eco method

9. Refractometers:
• Theory of operation
• Single pass & double pass method
• Critical angle type
• Applications

10. Application Guidelines for Analytical Systems:

Online Analysers
• Sample conditioning (Inlet/Exhaust)
• Housing of online analyzer
• Sample injection methods

Reference Books:
1. Handbook of Analytical Instruments by R S Khandpur (Tata McGraw-Hill Company Limited).
2. Process Instruments and Controls Handbook by Douglas M Considine (McGraw Hill Book
3. Analytical Instrumentation by B G Liptak.
4. Instrumental methods of Analysis by Willard.

An industrial visit is essential for this subject.