Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 1

A Glossary Of Literary Terms:

Here are some of the main terms you need to learn:


Adjective: A word to describe a noun.
Adverb: usually a word that gives more information about a verb.
Alliteration: When two or more words begin with the same sound.
Anaphoric reference: A reference back to something mentioned earlier in the
text.
Assonance: The rhyming of vowel sounds within two or more words.
Asyndetic listing: A list that does not use conjunctions
Cataphoric reference: A reference to something mentioned later in the text.
Cohesion: The techniques used to link together different parts of a text.
Comparative adjective: An adjective that makes a comparison such as bigger,
worse, better
Connotations: The associations a word has.
Declarative sentence: A sentence that makes a statement or gives information.
Ellipsis: When elements are missing from a clause or sentence.
Emotive language: Language intended to produce and emotional response in the
reader.
Exclamatory sentence: An emphatic sentence ending in an exclamations mark.
Hyperbole: Over exaggeration.
Imagery: Any aspect of a text that appeals to the reader’s senses.
Imperative sentence: A sentence that gives a command or instruction.
Interrogative sentence: A sentence that asks a question.
Lexical field: A group of words linked by the same topic (e.g. footballs lexical
field is goalposts, ball, ref etc.)
Metaphor: A comparison that is not literally true because it refers to something
as if it were something else.
Monosyllabic: Having one syllable
Neologism: A new word or expression
Noun: A person place or thing.
Onomatopoeia: When words imitate the sounds they describe
Parallelism: When parts of a sentence or complete sentences have a similar
structure or pattern.
Personification: When you describe something as if it has human qualities.
Post-modifiers: Words that follow other words or phrases giving us more
information.
Pre-modifiers: Words that are placed in front of other words or phrases that
give us more information.
Pronoun: A word that takes the place of a noun.
Rhetorical question: A question that does not require an answer.
Sibilance: Repetition of “s” sounds.
Simile: A comparison that uses like or as.
Superlative: An adjective meaning the most of something eg worst/ best.
Syndetic listing: A list with one or more conjunctions.
Verb: A doing word.