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Project Report
Amul Company

Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of

Bachelor of Business Administration
Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University

Submitted to : Mr. P.K Pandey Submitted by : Rajeshwar Singh Anand

Semester - 3

Jagannath International Management School

Vasant Kunj, New Delhi – 110070

S.N S pag
o ubject e
1. Certificate 4

2. Preface 5

3. Acknowledgement 6

4. Synopsis 7

5. Introduction 9

6. Theoretical perspective
a. History 9
b. Condition Of Dairy Farmers 9
c. Role Of Sardar Vallabbhai Patel 10
d. Formation of District Co-operative 11
e. Formation Of GCMMF 11
f. The First Advertising Strategy 12
g. Digital Advertising 12
h. Business Model 13
i. Developing Demand 16
j. Distribution Network 16
k. Umbrella Brand 16
l. Third Party Service Providers 17
m. Co-ordination 17
n. Best Practices 18

7. Methodology
a. Amul Revolution- impact study 19
b. The Turnaround 19
c. Socio-Economic Impact 20
d. Institution Building 22

8. Analysis
a. Marketing And Advertising Strategy 23
b. Product Scope Strategy 24
c. Different Products Of Amul And its 25
d. Product Elimination 28
e. Current Market Share 29

9. Findings
a. Product Positioning 30
b. Product Repositioning 32
c. Product Overlap 33

d. Defense Strategy 34
e. Amul Defending Its Turf 35
f. Segmentation 35
g. Targeting 36
h. Promotion 36
i. Amul Competitors 38

10. S.W.O.T Analysis

a. Strength 41
b. Weakness 41
c. Opportunities 42
d. Threat 42

11. Conclusions 43

12. Bibliography 44


This project titled “Amul Company” is based on an

original study conducted by Rajeshwar Singh Anand of
BBA III Semester programme and is based on the
results carried out by him under my guidance and

Mr. P.K


The report is on Amul Company. I have tried to cover each and every topic
which I found is relevant for the general understanding. I haven’t included
any technical term so as to make it easy to understand by the user.

The report gives an overview of what is all about the Amul company, their
overall products and branches that they have already launched and their
future launching of the products. It gives you a brief idea about their
production and collection techniques

Also at the end, recommendations and policies that are as well as can be
implemented are mentioned. The steps they have taken to improve the
quality and quantity of their product in accordance with customer
satisfaction. Necessary charts and graphs are also included.




Rajeshwar Singh Anand


 With the liberalization of the Indian economy in the early 1990s, and the
subsequent entry of new players, there was a change in lifestyles and the food
tastes of people. The new team that took over the management of the GCMMF in
the mid-1990s hoped to take advantage of the change.

 According to some analysts, this diversification was probably not entirely

demand-driven. Being a cooperative, GCMMF was compelled to buy all the milk
that was produced in Gujarat. And with milk production having increased since
the mid 1990s, GCMMF had to make use of additional milk, and hence the
pressure to make and market more and more processed-milk products.

 Amul had to expand the consumption base of milk-based

products in India. It planned to make its products (butter
and cheese) a part of the regular diet in most households. Amul launched its
new products with the intention of increasing the offtake of its basic milk
products, including cheese.

 This flurry of launches helped Amul broaden its appeal across all segments.
Price was an advantage that Amul enjoyed over its competitors. Amul's products
were priced 20-40 % less than those of its competitors. Analysts felt that Amul
could price its products low because of the economies of scale it enjoyed.

 Amul's obsession with keeping down manpower cost and dealer commissions
added to the strength . In ice-creams for example, Amul's retail commission in
Ahmedabad city was 17.5% which was 10% lower than what competitors

 However, all said and done, Amul seemed to be all set to make steady progress in
the coming years with its products having become quite popular in both rural and
urban households. Said Vyas, "We've handled liberalization and globalization far
better than our transnational rivals. It has made us fitter than ever."

Period of diversification

 In 1996, B M Vyas, Managing Director, GCMMF,

commissioned the Indian Market Research Bure (IMRB) to conduct a consumer

survey to identify the products consumers wanted from Amul .Based on the
findings, Amul entered into the following areas: ice cream, curd, paneer, cheese,
and condensed milk.

 In 1997, Amul launched ice creams after Hindustan Lever acquired Kwality,
Milkfood and Dollops. Positioned as the 'Real Ice-cream,' Amul Ice cream was
one of the few milk-based ice creams in the market.

 In 1999, Amul launched branded yoghurt in India for the first time, when it test
marketed "Masti Dahi" in Ahmedabad first and then introduced it all over the

 In January 2000, Amul re-entered the carton milk market with the launch of
"Amul Taaza" in Mumbai. Amul Taaza was non-sweetened, plain, low fat milk.
The product was positioned as a lifestyle as well as functional product.

 In November 2000, Amul decided to promote mozzarella cheese, which was used
in pizza. The growing demand for mozzarella cheese from pizza making
companies like Pizza Hut and Domino's Pizza was expected to give Amul's
cheese sale an additional push.

 In August 2001, Amul decided to enter the ready-to-eat stuffed paratha,

cheeseburger, cheese and paneer pakoda, and cheese sandwich segments. The
products were marketed under the SnowCap brand. The SnowCap brand also
included tomato sauce and ketchup.


 The largest food brand in India and

world's Largest Pouched Milk Brand
‘Amul’ is a brand name managed by
Gujarat Co-operative Milk Marketing
Federation Ltd. (GCMMF).

 This name has its origin in the Sanskrit

word "Amoolya," (meaning Priceless)
and was actually suggested by an
employee of Gujarat Co-operative Milk
Marketing Federation Ltd. (GCMMF)

 The Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing

Federation Ltd, Anand (GCMMF) is the
largest food products marketing
organisation of India and is the apex
organization of the Dairy Cooperatives
of Gujarat.

 With a turnover of INR 67.11 billion

GCMMF has created an economic
network that links :

 millions of consumers in India and


 2.8 million village milk producers,


 a cooperative system that includes

13,141 Village Dairy Cooperative
Societies (VDCS) at the village level,

Theoritical perspective


• Condition of dairy farmers

• Plea of dairy farmers and role of Sardar

Vallabh Bhai Patel

• Formation of first District Co-operative

Formation of ‘GCMMF’

Condition of Dairy farmers

 There was exploitation of marginal milk

producers by traders or agents of
existing dairies in the small town

named Anand (in Kaira District of

Gujarat) and Polson Dairy .

 Other problems faced by dairy farmers

in Gujrat.

Role of Sardar Vallabhai patel

• Unfair trade practices and minimal

returns angered dairy farmers.
• So under the leadership of
Tribhuvandas Patel dairy farmers
approached Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
for a solution.

Formation Of District Co-operative Kaira

• Thus the first District Cooperative was

established to collect and process milk
in the District of Kaira in 1946.

• Milk collection was also decentralized

and village level cooperatives were
established to organize the marginal
milk producers in each of these villages.

• The brand Amul was formally registered

on December 14th, 1946

Formation Of ‘GCMMF’

• Later on with the help of Dr. Verghese

Kurien and Shri H M Dalaya this
revolution spread to most of the
districts in Gujrat.

• Thus GCMMF came into being in the

year 1973.

• Initially, the brand name Amul was with

district dairy cooperative, but later they
decided to give it to GCMMF

The First Advertising Strategy

1966 sees the creation of the Amul girl

by Sylvester daCunha of the ASP
Advertising agency as a rival to the
Polson .

In 1967 the first hoarding was put up in

Mumbai with the Amul girl.
The tag line of “Utterly Butterly
Delicious” came out in October of 1967.

The first Topical ad came out in 1969 at

the beginning of the Hare Rama Hare
Krishna movement.
One of the most conservative FMCG
entities — GCMMF — spends a mere 1%
of its turnover on promotions.

Amul butter girl is one of the longest

run ad campaigns in the country for 43
Entered in the Guinness Book Of World
Records for being the longest running
campaign ever.

Digital Advertising

Amul Cyber Store

Amul in Social Networking
Amul Indulges in Second Life marketing
– Advergaming
Business Model

 The father of the White Revolution, Dr. Verghese Kurien and the World Food
Prize & the Magsaysay Award winner, is responsible for the grand success of
brand ‘Amul’.

In a recent survey,

 GCMMF ranked amongst the top ten FMCG firms in the country

 AMUL rated the second most recognized brand in India amongst all Indian and
MNC offerings

 Objective :

 Deliver profitable and equitable returns to a large number of farmers for a

long period of time

 Additional objective

 Develop the supplier over the long term through social change.

 Amul’s Supply chain is one of the most complicated in the world

Success depends on

Developing Demand

 Consumers- Limited Purchasing power

 Modest consumption levels of milk

 Low –cost price strategy

 Products affordable & attractive

Distribution Network

 Dry and cold warehouses to buffer inventory

 Transactions on an advance demand draft basic

 Just-in-time inventory strategy improves dealers' return on

investment (ROI)

 All branches -dedicated vehicle operations.

Umbrella brand

 Common brand for most product categories produced by

various unions: liquid milk, milk powders, butter, ghee,
cheese, cocoa products, sweets, ice-cream and condensed

 Avoided inter-union conflicts

 Opportunity for the union members to cooperate in

developing products.
Third Party Service Providers

 Unions' core activity -milk processing and the production of

dairy products.

 Marketing efforts , brand development - By GCMMF

 Logistics of milk collection, distribution of dairy products,

sale of products through dealers and retail stores, provision
of animal feed, and veterinary services –By Third Parties


 Large number of organisations and entities in the supply


 GCMMF and the unions play a major role in achieving


 Interlocking control - The board is drawn from the heads of

all the unions, and the boards of the unions comprise of
farmers elected through village societies

 The federation handles the distribution of end products and

coordination with retailers and the dealers.
The unions coordinate the supply side activities.

Best practices

 Small group activities or quality circles at the federation

 TQM program at the unions

 Improvement programs across to a large number of

members and the implementation rate is consistently high

 For example, every Friday, Meeting without fail, between

10.00 a.m. and 11.00 a.m – to discuss quality concerns

 Village societies becoming individual improvement centres


Amul Revolution – Impact Study

Pre-Amul Era

 Over five decades ago, the life of a farmer in

Kaira District was very much like that of his counterpart
else in India.

 His income was derived almost entirely from seasonal


 Milk distribution was by private traders. . As milk is perishable,

farmers were compelled to sell it for whatever they were offered.
Often, they had to sell cream and ghee at throwaway prices. In this
situation, the one who gained was the private trader.

 Only one company , a British company(Polson) existed and it

exploited the farmers

The Turnaround

• Farmer’s realization that they had to market milk

themselves to earn better is what led to the establishment of
the Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers' Union
Limited (popularly known as Amul)

• An assured market proved a great incentive to the milk

producers of the district. By the end of 1948, more than 400
farmers joined in more
village societies, and the quantity of milk handled by one
Unionincreased from 250 to 5,000 liters a day.

Socio-Economic Impact

• The yearly elections of the management committee and its

chairman, by the members, are making the participants

aware of their rights and educating them about the

democratic process.

• Voluntary mix of the various ethnic and social groups for

common causes and mutual betterment has resulted in
eroding many social inequilibria. The rich and the poor, the
elite and the ordinary come together to cooperate for a
common cause.

• Live exposure to various modern technologies and their

application in day-to-day life has not only made them
aware of these developments but also made it easier for
them to adopt these very processes for their own

• More than 900 village cooperatives have created jobs for

nearly 5000 people in their own villages -- without
disturbing the socio-agro-system -- and thereby the exodus
from the rural areas has been
arrested to a great extent.

• Besides, women, who are the major participants, now have

a say in the home economy. Initiated “Mahila Pashupalan
Talim Karyakram” for women resource persons of the
member unions.
• 48 per cent of the income of the rural household in Kaira
District is being derived from dairying. Since dairying is a
subsidairy occupation for the majority of the rural
population, this income is helping these people not only to
liberate themselves from the stronghold of poverty but also
to elevate their social status.

• CSR sensitive organizational structure – the 3 tier model

from village societies to state cooperatives ensures
accumulation of human capital which in itself leads to
development of society and the economy.

• Amul Relief Trust – formed in 2001 by GCMMF under the

Chairmanship of Dr. V. Kurien.

• The Trust reconstructed 6 schools damaged by the 2001

earthquake at a cost of Rs. 41.1 millions in Kutch area.

• Ripple Effects

• Anand Pattern extended to other districts in Gujarat -

Mehsana, Sabarkantha, Banaskantha, Baroda and Surat
where farmers easily adopted Amul’s gameplan.

• The Himalayan Cooperative Milk Producers’ Union

Limited (HIMUL) was formed at the foot of the Himalayas
in West Bengal in 1973 on the same lines as Amul.It
includes both dairy and non-dairy.

• At a later stage oilseeds, fruit and vegetables, salt, and tree

sectors also benefited from it's success.

Institution Building

• The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was

created in 1965, fulfilling the desire of the late Lal Bahadur
Shastri - to extend the success of the Kaira Cooperative
Milk Producers' Union (Amul) to other parts of India.

• Founded by Dr. Verghese Kurien and Dr. Amrita Patel is

the current Chairman of the National Dairy Development
Board, Anand.

• 96000 cooperatives have been integrated by this to date.

• To promote the development of cooperatives NDDB has set

up separate units and works in close association with a
number of national level institutions Sabarmati Ashram
Gaushala (SAG), Bidaj, Animal Breeding Centre (ABC),
Salon, Institute of Rural Management, Anand (IRMA),
National Cooperative Dairy Federation of India (NCDFI),
Anand and Foundation for Ecological Security (FES),
Anand, Mother Diary, Delhi.

• Institute Of Rural Management formed in 1979 with Swiss

Agency for Development Coordination and Govt of
Gujarat to develop people through management education.


Marketing and Advertising Strategies


• No brand can survive long if it’s quality

is not equal or exceed customer

• Incase of food product hygienic, taste,

bacteriological & organoleptic standard
–main essence.

2)Value for money

• Customers get more than what they


• Keep price fair & do best to ensure that

retailers don’t gain at the expense of


 Brand available when and where

customers want.

 Amul has nation’s finest distribution



 Committed to total quality.

Product Scope Strategy

“Perspective of the product mix of a


Different products of Amul and its variants

Bread spreads

 Amul Butter
 Amul Lite Low Fat Bread spread
 Amul Cooking Butter
 Delicious Margarine Pure Ghee


 Amul Shrikhand & Amrakhand

 Amul Mithaee Khoya Gulabjamaun
 Amul Basundi

Milk Powders

 Amul Full Cream Milk Powder

 Amulya Dairy Whitener
 Sagar Skimmed Milk Powder
 Sagar Tea and Coffee Whitener
Sweetened Condensed Milk
 Amul Mithaimate

Fresh Milk

 Amul Taaza Toned Milk 3% fat

 Amul Gold Full Cream Milk 6% fat
 Amul Shakti Standardised Milk 4.5% fat
 Amul Slim & Trim Double Toned Milk
1.5% fat

 Amul Saathi Skimmed Milk 0% fat

 Amul Cow Milk

Curd Products

 Yogi Sweetened Flavoured Dahi

 Amul Masti Dahi (fresh curd)
 Amul Lite Dahi
 Amul Prolife probiotic Dahi
 Amul Masti Spiced Butter Milk
 Amul Lassee

Chocolate & Confectionery

 Amul Fruit & Nut Chocolate

 Amul Bindazz
 Amul Rejoice
 Amul kesar

Brown Beverage

 Nutramul Malted Milk Food

Amul Ice creams

 Vanilla Royale

 Royal Treat Range (Butterscotch,

Rajbhog, Malai Kulfi)

 Nut-o-Mania Range (Kaju Draksh, Kesar

Pista Royale, Fruit Bonanza, Roasted

 Nature's Treat (Alphanso Mango, Fresh

Litchi, Shahi Anjir, Fresh Strawberry,
Black Currant, Santra Mantra, Fresh

 Sundae Range (Mango, Black Currant,

Sundae Magic, Double Sundae)

 Assorted Treat (Chocobar, Dollies,

Frostik, Ice Candies, Tricone,
Chococrunch, Megabite, Cassatta)

 Utterly Delicious (Vanila, Strawberry,

Chocolate, Chocochips, Cake Magic)

Milk Drink

 Amul Kool Flavoured Milk (Mango,

Strawberry, Saffron, Cardamom, Rose,
Chocolate, Butterscotch)
 Amul Kool Cafe
 Amul Kool Koko

Health Beverage

 Amul Shakti White Milk Food

Product Elimination

Product reaches the stage where continued

support is no longer justified where
performance is falling short of
expectations, it is desirable to pull the
product out of the market place.

“ It eliminated “JALDHARA” a decade ago

as Bottled water product do not have
potential customers”.

Current Market Share





Product Positioning

Placing a product in that part of the

market where it will receive a favorable
reception compared to competing

 A mass market player, no premium


 USP – Quality with affordability

 Up against niche players – value

addition to customers

 Sheer size and scale of operation

 New offerings for health conscious and

vibrant India –

 India’s First Pro-Biotic Wellness Ice

cream & Sugar
Free Delights For Diabetics.

 Low Priced Amul Ice Creams made

Kwality Walls life hell.

Flank Attack.. Age Wise..

Aug 25 2007

 Amul launches Chocolate milk under

brand name of
‘Amul Kool Koko’.

 This is targeted at teenagers and


Nov 11, 2007

 Amul in Multinational Arena With Snack

Launch: “Munch Time”.
Flavors: Masala , Mint and Tomato

New Product Activity.

Nov 26, 2007

 Amul Launches “Fresh Paneer” (Free

From Any Harmful Chemicals)
Flank Attack—Expanding its Cheese
Current market share 65%.

Product Repositioning

 New Competition

 Change in consumer preference

 Wrong original positioning

 Amul marketed bottled water product
named “JALDHARA” but due to less

potential in the market it turned out to

be blunder.
 Now Amul is all set to launch bottled

Product Overlap

Situation where company decides to

compete against its own brands.

 Powdered Milk
 Health and price Conscious

 Cheese Spreads
 Specific Vs General

“Amul Processed Cheese Vs Cheese

Cheese spread is highly accepted
spread for regular use.

 Milk Drinks
“Nutramul Energy Drink Vs Amul Kool”

Defense Strategy

 Moving consumers from loose milk to

packaged milk and gradually move
them up the value chain (tetra pack to
beverages, all available under the Amul

 A sound strategy likely to work.


 Being exposed to a brand, it is natural

for a customer to try more products
 Improving socio-economic condition of
the customer anchors the desire to
enhance lifestyle

Amul defending its turf

 Largest milk brand in Asia marketing

more than 30 different brands of dairy
products like cheese, ice-cream,
condensed milk, ready-to-eat pizza,
beverages etc.

 Amul is the market leader in ghee and


 Amul Kool and Kool Café doing well

 Defending against names like

Mahananda, Vijay, Milma and other co-
operative milk brands

 Aggressive moves against FMCG and

F&B brands like Britannia, Nestle and
Mother Dairy among others.


 Wide range of product categories caters

to consumers across all market
segments. For example, Amul Kool is
targeted at children, while teenagers
prefer Kool Café, as it has a cool
imagery associated with it.
 Segmentation is not as easy in curd and
low fat products, due to mixed
audiences, various culinary applications
, eg. ghee, butter and cheese.

“In India, the most used spread is ghee,

then butter, cheese, low fat butter,
margarine, cheese spread and
mozzarella cheese.


 Changing retail environment

 Striking out on its own, with Amul
Outlets or parlors to deliver consumers
total brand experience
 Launched in 2002, there are now 400
Amul parlors across the country, which
contributed 3% to the brand’s total
turnover last year.

High profile locations: Amul parlors are

today present on campuses of Infosys,

Wipro, IIM-A, IIT-B, Temples, Metro rail

and railway stations in Gujarat.


 Given this wide product portfolio,

Amul’s approach is to promote its
brands in a rotational cycle of two to
three years.
 After ice-creams were launched in 1996,
the category was re-visited in 1999, in
order to improve availability of the
product and make it affordable.

The focus shifted to cheese in 2001,

Amul Masti Chaas in 2004-05 (sales of
Masti dahi grew by 25%), Nutramul and
Kool Kafe in 2006 and Amul Koko — cold
chocolate drink in 2007

 Uses a variety of media to communicate

 Most famous is billboard campaign

 The endearing polka dressed girl and

pun at various issues increased brand’s
fan following.

 Below-the-line activity has grown too —

such as the Amul food festival, which
has been held for the last four year
between October and December in
about 50,000 retail outlets.

 The Chef Of India promo invites hotel

chefs to come up with recipes using as
many Amul products as possible, and is
conducted at city, state and national

Amul Competitors


 Britannia
 Nestle


 Britannia

Baby Food

 Nestle
 Heinz

Dairy Whitener Segment

 Nestle
 Britannia

Ice creams


Chocolates & Confectionaries

 Cadbury
 Nestle


 Pizza Hut
 Dominos
 Nirulas Frozen pizza


 Nestle
 Mother Dairy

Ultra High Treated Milk


 Nestle
 Britannia

Sweet Condensed milk

 Nestle

Cottage Cheese(Paneer)

 Britannia

Milk Additives

 Cadbury
 Smithkline Beecham

Flavored Milk

 Britannia

SWOT Analysis

In this part we are going to analyses the strength, weakness, threats and opportunity of the PepsiCo


• Demand profile
• Flexibility of product mix
• Technical manpower
• Trust enjoyed by its products
• Strong cooperative organization
• Introduced TQM


• Logistics of procurement
• Competition

• Short self life of its products

• Completely dependent on villages for
its raw material
• Salaries offered is less compared to


• Value addition
• Export potential
• Used internet to sell its products
• Introduced hybrid products in the
• Exploring foreign markets


• Milk vendors, the un-organized sector

• Strong competition from MNCs

• Competition from private dairies and

local milk suppliers
• The yield of Indian cattle still much
lower than other dairy countries


 Amul envisages that the dairy cooperatives of Gujarat will

have a group turnover of Rs. 27000 crores by the year 2020.
This will be a three-fold increase over its current group
turnover of approx. Rs. 9600 crores. Milk production in
milk shed area will increase to 231 lakh kg per day (23.1
million kg per day), at an annual growth rate of 4%.

 Amul will create fresh avenues for growth by tapping the

rising demand for new value-added products. Special
emphasis will be given to strengthening their presence in
the large market for liquid milk, in metropolitan cities.

 Plan to double to processing capacity of dairy plants to 20.7

million kg per day, by 2020. This would include multi-fold
capacity expansion for major product categories including
milk powders, Ice-cream, paneer, cheese, ethnic sweets,
curd, ghee and other dairy products.


List of published sources consulted during the course of the

project :-

1.) www.google.com
2.) www.youtube.com
3.) www.msn.com
4.) www.yahoo.com
5.) The Economic Times