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Civil Works for 132 kV Substations 1.5.3.1.0.01-Rev.

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LIST OF CONTENT FOR CIVIL WORKS

INDEX

SECTION TITLE

1. SCOPE OF WORK
1.1. General
1.2. Tender Proposals
1.3. Tender Conditions, Drawings, Schedule of Rates
1.4. Civil Sub Contractors
1.5. Method Statement
1.6. Assistance to the Engineer
1.7. Records
1.8. Samples, Testing, Inspection
1.9. Purchase from any Source

2. DESCRIPTION OF THE WORKS


2.1. General
2.2. Site Survey and Sub-Soil Investigation
2.3. Site Preparation
2.4. Temporary Access
2.5. Services
2.6. Boundary Wall and Gates
2.7. Roadways, Paving and Surfacing
2.8. Drainage and Septic Tanks
2.9. Foundations
2.10. External Floodlighting and Emergency Lighting
2.11. Buildings
2.12. Cable Basements
2.13. Cable Trenches
2.14. Gate House
2.15. Watchman's Accommodation
2.16. Pump House
2.17. Stairs, Steps
2.18. Approval of Materials

3. DESIGN OF THE WORKS


3.1. Design and Drawings
3.2. Liability
3.3. Standards and Codes of Practice
3.4. Submission of Designs and Drawings
3.5. Review by the Engineer
3.6. Detail Requirements for Submittals
3.6.1. Drawings
3.7. Fire Criteria
3.8. Seismic Loads
3.9. Road Loads
3.10. Drainage
3.11. Foundations

4. SUBSOIL INVESTIGATION

5. TRANSFORMER COMPOUNDS

6. SETTING OUT AND TOLERANCES

7. EXCAVATION AND EARTHWORKS


7.1. Backfill

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7.2. Excavations Generally


7.3. Excavated Materials
7.4. Bottom Layer of Excavations
7.5. Dewatering
7.6. Filling and Reinstatement
7.7. Slips and Settlements
7.8. Explosives
7.9. Compacted Fill Areas
7.10. General Requirement

8. PILING
8.1. Standards
8.2. General Requirements
8.3. Proprietary Piling Systems

9. ROADS AND OTHER SURFACES


9.1. General
9.2. Materials
9.3. Drains, Sewers and Cable Ducts
9.4. Preparation of Formation
9.5. Sub-base
9.6. Prime Coat
9.7. Bituminous Surface
9.8. Interlock Paving blocks
9.9. Cross fall
9.10. Kerbs
9.11. Footpaths and Trench Covers
9.12. Stone Surfacing

10. CONCRETE
10.1. Design, Materials and Workmanship
10.2. Testing
10.3. Cement
10.4. Cement Test Certificate
10.5. Cement Samples
10.6. Cement Storage
10.7. Aggregates
10.7.1. Aggregates - Physical Requirements
10.7.2. Aggregates - Chemical Requirements
10.7.3. Aggregate Storage
10.7.4. Aggregate Sampling
10.8. Approval of Materials
10.9. Water
10.10. Admixtures
10.11. Supervision
10.12. Plant
10.13. Concrete Strength Requirements
10.14. Concreting in hot weather
10.15. Concrete Mixing
10.16. Workability
10.17. Transport and Placing
10.18. Compaction of Concrete
10.19. Vibrators

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LIST OF CONTENT FOR CIVIL WORKS

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10.20. Construction Joints


10.21. Construction Bays
10.22. Curing
10.23. Trial Mixes
10.24. Works Test Cubes
10.25. Changes in Materials or Mix Proportions
10.26. Failure of Concrete to Meet Test Requirements
10.27. Concrete Cores
10.28. Formwork
10.29. Removal of Formwork
10.30. Finishes
10.31. Chamfers
10.32. Formed Finishes to Concrete
10.33. Unformed Finishes to Concrete
10.34. Surface Treatments
10.35. Reinforcement
10.36. Testing of Reinforcement

11. STRUCTURAL STEELWORKS


11.1. Structural Steel
11.2. Connections
11.3. Design
11.4. Materials
11.5. Cleaning and Zinc Coating
11.6. Painting
11.7. Bolts
11.8. Workmanship
11.9. Welding
11.9.1. Fusion Faces
11.9.2. Butt Welded Joints
11.9.3. Intermittent Welds
11.9.4. Testing of Welding Operators

12. WATERPROOFING
12.1. Generals
12.2. Submittals
12.3. Materials
12.3.1. Roofing Membrane
12.3.2. Separation Layer
12.3.3. Insulation Board
12.3.4. Primer
12.3.5. Rainwater Outlet
12.3.6. Mortar and Tiles
12.3.7. Waterproofing of cable basement, oil/water tank, septic tank, etc.
12.4. Workmanship
12.4.1. Storage
12.4.2. Installation
12.4.3. Tests

13. METALWORK

14. BLOCKWORK
14.1. Cement

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LIST OF CONTENT FOR CIVIL WORKS

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SECTION TITLE

14.2. Sand and Aggregates


14.3. Concrete Blocks
14.4. Mortar for Blockwork
14.5. Jointing
14.6. Block Laying
14.7. Protection Against Damage
14.8. Precautions During Inclement Weather
14.9. Damp Proof Course

15. FLOOR LAYING


15.1. Screeded Beds
15.2. Waterproofing of gate house, pump house, staff accommodation, compound
wall etc.
15.3. Protection
15.4. Defects
15.5. Terrazzo Floors
15.6. PVC Flooring
15.7. Ceramic Floor Tiles
15.8. Raised Flooring
15.9. Alkali/Acid Resistant Floor Tiles
15.10. Epoxy Resin Mortar Screed
15.11. Surface hardener/dust proofer
15.12. Skirting

16. CARPENTRY AND JOINERY


16.1. Timber
16.2. Preservative
16.3. Workmanship
16.4. Faults
16.5. Builder's Ironmongery

17. GLAZING
17.1. General
17.2. Clear Glass
17.3. Wired Glass
17.4. Tinted Glass

18. PAINTING
18.1. Paint
18.2. Emulsion Paint
18.3. Oil Paints
18.4. Painting of External Surfaces
18.5. Wood Finishes
18.6. Bituminous Paints
18.7. Workmanship
18.7.1. Storage
18.7.2. Generally
18.7.3. Ironmongery and Fittings
18.7.4. Preparation of Surfaces
18.7.5. Preparation of Paints
18.7.6. Conditions of Applications
18.7.7. Application of Paint
18.7.8. Re-priming

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18.7.9. Undercoats
18.8. Specific Surface Coatings
18.8.1. Woodwork
18.8.2. Iron and Steel Work
18.8.3. General

19. DRAINAGE AND DUCTS


19.1. Codes of Practice
19.2. Pipes
19.3. Ducts
19.4. General
19.5. Concrete Bed and Casings
19.6. Testing
19.7. Cable Ducts
19.8. Manholes
19.9. Manhole Covers

20. WALL AND CEILING FINISHES


20.1. Plaster and Rendering Materials
20.1.1. Cement
20.1.2. Sand
20.1.3. Plaster
20.1.4. Water
20.1.5. Lathing
20.1.6. Bonding Agents
20.2. Workmanship
20.2.1. General
20.2.2. Storage
20.2.3. Mixing
20.2.4. Lathing
20.2.5. Bonding Agents
20.2.6. Preparation of Backgrounds`
20.2.7. Interaction of Materials
20.2.8. Inspection
20.2.9. Curing
20.2.10. Cement Wash
20.2.11. Workmanship Generally
20.3. Wall Tiles
20.3.1. Materials
20.3.2. Workmanship
20.3.3. Acid Resistant Tiles
20.4. Plasterwork
20.5. Suspended Ceilings
20.6. Finishes Generally
21. PLUMBING
21.1. Extent of Work and General
21.2. Pipes and Fitting Materials - Internal
21.2.1. Cold Water Services
21.2.2. NOT USED
21.2.3. Sanitary Plumbing Drainage
21.2.4. Rainwater Systems
21.3. Pipes and Fitting Materials External
21.3.1. Hot and Cold Water Services

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LIST OF CONTENT FOR CIVIL WORKS

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21.3.2. Underground Drainage


21.4. Pipework and Accessories
21.4.1. Installations
21.4.2. Traps
21.4.3. NOT USED
21.4.4. Taps and Fittings
21.4.5. Insulators
21.4.6. Valves and Cocks
21.5. Rainwater Pipes and Accessories
21.6. Sanitary Fittings, Materials and Equipment
21.6.1. General
21.6.2. Quality and Colour
21.6.3. Wash Basins
21.6.4. Water Closets (Asiatic)
21.6.5. Water Closets (European)
21.6.6. Flushing Cisterns
21.6.7. Urinals
21.6.8. Taps and Fittings
21.6.9. Sundry Fittings
21.6.10. Floor Drains
21.6.11. Waste Water Gully Traps
21.6.12. Water Storage Heaters
21.6.13. Water Storage Tanks
21.6.14. Pressure Boosting Pump Sets
21.7. Builders Work
21.8. Testing
21.9. Cleaning
21.10. Disinfection

22. BOUNDARY WALL FENCE AND GATES


22.1. Boundary Wall
22.2. Fence
22.3. Gate
22.4. Line Termination and Sealing End Compound

23. LIGHTING AND SMALL POWER


23.1. Scope
23.2. General Standards
23.3. Defects Liability Period
23.4. Approvals
23.5. Lighting Requirements
23.5.1. Schedule of Design Requirements
23.5.2. Key to Abbreviations
23.6. Coding Systems
23.7. Distribution Boards
23.8. Miniature Circuit Breakers
23.9. Cables
23.10. Cable Termination
23.11. Sealing and Drumming
23.12. Conduit
23.13. Cable Trunking
23.14. Cable Trays
23.15. Cable Jointing

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23.16. Contractors
23.17. Switches and Push buttons
23.18. Lighting Fittings
23.19. Lamps
23.20. Socket Outlets and Fused Spur Outlets
23.21. Time Switches
23.22. Poles
23.23. Interior Installations
23.24. Exterior Installations
23.25. Essential Services
23.26. Emergency Lighting
23.26.1. Portable Emergency Lighting
23.27. Telephone System
23.28. Schedule of Lighting Fittings and Socket Outlets
23.29. Schedule of Lighting Requirements for Substations and Control Building
24. CRANE

25. DATA SHEET

26. LIST OF REFERENCES


26.1. Civil Works
26.2. Lighting and Small Power

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1. SCOPE OF THE WORKS

1.1. General

Para (1) Under this Section of the Contract the Contractor will be responsible for the design and
construction of all civil engineering and building works and services for the following: -

• New 132 kV/11 kV substation.


• New 132 kV/22 kV substations
• Modification to the existing building.
• Civil attendance at existing sites/buildings as required.

Para (2) The Tender must cover all requirements of the tender documents and any other items not
specifically mentioned but which are necessary for the satisfactory design, construction,
operation and maintenance of all equipment to the satisfaction of the Engineer. No
additional costs will be considered for any items which have been overlooked but which are
essential for the proper completion of the project in every respect.

Para (3) The work shall include but not be limited to :-

• Site survey and subsoil investigation.


• Site preparation, cutting or filling and levelling.
• Roadways, hard standing, paths and surfacing.
• Foundations.
• Substation and control buildings with cable basement.
• Fire Pump House.
• Gate House.
• Staff accommodation
• Water supply and plumbing installations.
• Surface water and foul drainage.
• Cable trenches and ducts.
• Air conditioning and ventilation.
• Lighting, small power, external floodlighting, emergency lighting and fire
protection.
• Retaining wall
• Perimeter wall and gates.

Para (4) For all substations and for individual rooms in substations suitable nameplates, signs and
labels shall be provided to ensure identification, safe operation of plant and warning of
danger. The text, which shall be both in Arabic and English, shall be approved by the
Engineer. The substation sign board(s) shall be 3 mm Aluminium sheet powder coated and
the text (Arabic & English) shall be UV resistant. DEWA logo on a separate circular plate
to be fixed at the centre of signboard. The inscriptions shall be engraved with coloured
lettering. All the nameplates, signs and labels shall be non-deteriorating and non-warping
under aggressive weather conditions and shall be guaranteed for a minimum period of 10
years. Plates, etc., will be securely attached using bolts and nuts or screws; adhesive will
not be permitted.

1.2. Tender Proposals

Para (5) The Contractor shall submit with his tender his proposals for all the above items, which
shall conform generally to the following section "Description of the Works". Should the
Contractor fail to do so then the Engineer will have the authority to reject any unacceptable
later proposals.

1.3. Tender Conditions, Drawings, Schedule of Rates

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Para (6) The General Conditions, Tender Drawings and Schedule of Rates shall be read in
conjunction with this Specification. Matters described in one are not necessarily repeated
in the others.

Para (7) The tender drawings show general layouts, architectural features and facilities to be
provided. The drawings indicate the scope of the Works and tenders must comply with
this, minimum requirement, however room sizes, may be increased if required to suit design
and practical criteria, equipment and fittings being offered.

Para (8) The tenderer shall visit the Substation sites in co-ordination with DEWA and consider in his
offer for cutting, filling or any other ground work required for maintaining appropriate
finished ground/ surfacing levels in relation to the nearby roads/buildings and as per Dubai
Municipality's regulations regarding levels.

1.4. Civil Sub-Contractor

Para (9) The Contractor may employ a Civil Sub-Contractor or use a competent specialised section
of his own organisation to carry out the Civil Works. The Sub-Contractor proposed by the
Contractor shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer.

Para (10) If the Contractor intends to sub-contract the civil engineering and building works design
and/or construction, his tender must include full details of comparable works carried out
elsewhere by the sub-contractor, together with details of the financial stability and general
efficiency of the sub-contractor proposed.

Para (11) The Contractor shall submit details of all key personnel to be employed on the project
including positions held and curriculum vitae.

1.5. Method Statement

Para (12) At the commencement of the Contract the Contractor shall provide a detailed method
statement. This shall include a programme giving full details of both type and quantity of
all the plant he proposes to use and the order of carrying out the work.

1.6. Assistance to Engineer

Para (13) The Contractor shall provide and maintain upon the site to be available for use by the
Engineer, all surveying instruments and testing equipment required for setting out and
measuring the works and for controlling and testing the quality of materials and
workmanship.

Para (14) The Contractor shall provide all the assistance and services the Engineer may require,
including labourers, chairmen and others for the purpose of checking the setting out,
making tests etc.

1.7. Records

Para (15) The Contractor shall keep at the site accurate and up to date records and drawings of the
works, and shall provide the Engineer with copies of these records. At the end of every
week the Contractor shall submit to the Engineer returns of labour, plant and materials
employed on the site during that week. At the conclusion of the Civil Engineering and
building construction works, the Contractor shall supply reproducible copies of all
drawings, showing full details of the works as constructed, including location of drains,
services, foundations, roads, etc.

1.8. Samples, Testing and Inspection

Para (16) The Engineer may call at any time for samples of materials and workmanship proposed and
these shall be furnished by the Contractor without delay. When the samples have been

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approved by the Engineer, all materials and workmanship not corresponding in quality and
character with the samples will be rejected. When requested by the Engineer and before
ordering materials, the Contractor shall submit for approval the names of manufacturers or
suppliers proposed. When requested by the Engineer, the Contractor shall supply
manufacturers test or proof certificates. If he considers it desirable, the Engineer may send
inspectors to manufacturers or suppliers premises to test materials before despatch to site.
Costs of all samples and testing shall be borne by the Contractor.

Para (17) Where materials or workmanship are rejected by the Engineer they must be immediately
removed from the Site or demolished and removed at the Contractor's sole cost.

1.9. Purchase from any Source

Para (18) The Contractor shall allow in his price for the purchase of all materials etc. from any source
as may be necessary to maintain the progress of the Works, to the approval of the Engineer.

2. DESCRIPTION OF THE WORKS

2.1. General

Para (19) This section describes in greater detail the scope of the civil and building works and sets out
any special features which are to be incorporated into the Contractor's design.

Para (20) The requirements for quality of materials and workmanship are to be found later in this
Section of this Specification.

Para (21) The design shall comply with all codes and standards that are listed and with any others,
which may be relevant. Similarly all materials, construction and tests shall comply with
applicable codes and standards.

Para (22) Due attention shall be paid in the design to all aspects including internal and external
appearance, thermal and acoustic insulation, durability of materials, resistance to moisture,
structural stability, fire resistance allied to means of escape in case of fire, ventilation and
public health requirements.

Para (23) The Specification Drawings show the preferred layout arrangements of plant and buildings
and these shall not be changed without the written approval of the Engineer. The
arrangements shown on the Specification Drawings have been based on typical sizes of
plant and equipment.

Para (24) The buildings and roads within the Site and their design and detailing shall comply with
and satisfy the fundamental technical and operational requirements of the mechanical and
electrical plant to be accommodated therein and with the requirements of this specification.
Room sizes shall not be smaller than shown on the Specification Drawings but may be
larger if necessary to meet the requirements of the plant actually being supplied and
identified in the technical schedules.

Para (25) The Contractor should ascertain for himself during the tender stage that the plant he
proposes to supply will be suitable for the arrangements shown on Specification Drawings,
and the Contract Price is deemed to include the cost of any enlarged buildings or modified
layout to meet the Employer's design parameters. Failure of the Engineer or Employer to
comment on drawings submitted by the Contractor during the tender stage which show
modified arrangements not complying with Specification Drawings and design parameters
shall not be accepted as approving such arrangements; any modifications proposed should
be clearly stated in the Schedule of Deviations.

Para (26) Particular attention should be given to the positioning of doors, windows and louvers to
minimise the effects of sandstorms and salt laden spray and winds from the sea. Cladding,
flashing and the like shall be as tightly fitting as practicable so as to exclude pollution under

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all likely local weather conditions. All external doors shall have canopy/protection and be
sealed to prevent ingress of dust and wind blown rainwater, using heavy-duty seals, which
shall have canopy/protection and be guaranteed for a minimum period of five years from
date of commissioning. The doors and seals shall be designed so that replacement of worn
seals can be achieved easily on site.

2.2. Site Survey and Subsoil Investigation

Para (27) The Contractor shall carry out the sub-soil investigations and in-situ or laboratory tests
required to completely satisfy the design parameters he chooses for foundation or other geo-
technical design. The investigation and subsequent tests shall be in accordance with
BS.5930 and BS.1377 respectively.

Para (28) Samples shall be taken as necessary and tested to determine the physical and chemical
characteristics of the various strata and of the ground water, if encountered. Records of
boring and trial excavations and results of tests on samples shall be incorporated into a sub-
soil investigation report. This shall include recommendations on the type of foundation and
on the design bearing capacity of the sub-soil and shall be submitted to the Engineer for
approval. The Contractor shall survey the site of the works to establish precisely the site
boundaries and ground levels over the whole area. The site survey plan shall be prepared
showing the survey results and the proposed layout of new works. Copies of this plan shall
be sent to the Engineer.

Para (29) The subsoil and survey information supplied to the Contractor is given in good faith but the
accuracy is not guaranteed, and any variation between this information and actual site
conditions will not be accepted as the basis of a claim or reason for variation of contract
rates.

2.3. Site Preparation

Para (30) It is anticipated that though the sites will be relatively level and free from obstructions it
may be necessary to provide fill to raise the ground levels to heights similar to those for
adjacent buildings, sites or for the main roads.

2.4. Temporary Access

Para (31) The Contractor shall arrange for, construct, maintain and afterwards reinstate any temporary
access required for and in connection with the execution of the works.

2.5. Services

Para (32) The Contractor shall be responsible for the provision of services in accordance with the
Contractual General Requirements Sections of this Specification.

2.6. Boundary Wall and Gates

Para (33) The boundary for the Substation site shall be enclosed with a wall. The wall shall be 2.40
metres high above ground level with steel spikes.

Para (34) Gates in the wall and fence shall comprise both main double gates and wicket gates and
shall be supplied with strong lock bolts with eye padlock attachments and vertical fixing
bolts.

2.7. Roadways, Paving and Surfacing

Para (35) Roads, parking areas, paving and surfacing within the substation compound shall be
designed and constructed in accordance with the appropriate clauses latter in this section.

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Para (36) Road layouts within the substations shall be generally as shown on the plot plan drawings
attached to this Specification.

Para (37) The Contractor's proposed site layout shall allow for vehicular access to the various items
of plant and electrical equipment, for installation and subsequent maintenance. The
Contractor shall ensure that the road is levelled, graded, properly compacted with
appropriate rollers and surfaced, to ensure that the finished road is suitable for the
maximum foreseeable imposed loads, which can be expected from vehicles transporting the
various items of plant and electrical equipment. In detailing the layout of the road and
parking area, special attention must be given to the manoeuvring of vehicles delivering
plant, stores, spares and other materials and equipment. Road width and turning radii shall
be adequate to take the largest foreseeable vehicles and equipment, which can reasonably
be expected. Paving outside the plot shall be provided as per Dubai Municipality's
requirements to the approval of DEWA.

Para (38) Precast concrete paving blocks used in roads and surfacing shall comply with Dubai
Municipality's Advisory Note 006 dated October 1990.

2.8. Drainage and Septic Tanks

Para (39) The building shall be designed to collect rainwater and discharge same through rain water
down pipes. Surface water from buildings and roads shall be drained and finally discharged
to an off-site natural watercourse or other off-site facility or to an external sump. The
Contractor shall agree with the appropriate local authority the location and details of the
final discharge points.

Para (40) Due care shall be taken in surface water drainage design to ensure that ground erosion and
flooding cannot occur, particularly around building or equipment foundations.

Para (41) Careful attention shall be given in the design of the works to the effect that the works may
have on the surface water drainage patterns of the area. Culverts shall be constructed if
necessary, particularly when existing natural water channels are blocked. Drainage shall be
provided where necessary to prevent ponding and to carry surface water away from
buildings, structures and other works, including roads. Soak ways of adequate capacity
shall be provided for storm water drainage.

Para (42) In the absence of mains drainage system the foul drainage shall terminate at a suitably
dimensioned septic tank having minimum capacity of 20 persons, which shall be of
watertight construction. A soakaway of suitable size also shall be provided.

Para (43) Drains shall be laid with regular gradients such that full flow velocity exceeds 0.75 m/sec,
and manholes shall be provided at each change in direction. Drains shall be of adequate
diameter and cover shall be at least 1.2 m beneath roads.

2.9. Foundations

Para (44) Foundations shall be capable of restricting settlements and other movements in service to
acceptable limits for the equipment or superstructure to be erected thereon.

Para (45) All foundations shall be in reinforced concrete. The minimum cover to reinforcement shall
be 75 mm and the cement shall be of a type appropriate to the ground conditions. Extent of
foundation for each building/structure should, unless otherwise agreed, be restricted within
the periphery of the building/structure.

Para (46) Where the ground is excavated for any reason below the underside of the proposed
foundation the void shall be filled with weak concrete.
2.10. External Floodlighting and Emergency Lighting

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Para (47) Adequate floodlighting of outdoor equipment areas shall be provided, the number and type
of lights being sufficient to allow safe access and maintenance of all equipment.
Emergency lighting shall be provided both inside and outside the building, to ensure the
safety of maintenance personnel in the event of a power failure. Security lighting round the
perimeter wall/fence and access road lighting shall be provided. Full details are specified
elsewhere in the Specification.

2.11. Buildings

Para (48) The general layouts of buildings are to be maintained as shown, but minor modifications
may be made to provide buildings wholly suitable for the equipment being provided by the
Contractor to satisfy the requirements of other parts of the Specification.

Para (49) All buildings shall be designed to have reinforced concrete frames, with infill panel walls of
concrete block work. External walls shall be cavity concrete block work, each leaf being
100 mm minimum thickness, with 50 mm insulation and approved ties between leaves.

Para (50) Switchgear buildings shall be designed to withstand pressure due to internal arcing or
arrangement shall be made for pressure release in such an event by providing wall dampers.
Parameters considered in the building design shall be subject to DEWA's approval.

Para (51) Particular attention must be given in the design of buildings and layouts to fire prevention
and safety of personnel at all times. Buildings housing switchgear and control equipment
shall be designed as far as practicable to exclude pollution under all likely weather
conditions. Fireproof or flame-retarding materials are to be used for floor, wall and ceiling
finishes. Where areas are designed, as having a fire resistance rating then materials shall be
shown to have passed approved standard tests for that class of fire resistance.

Para (52) All floor slabs shall be constructed of reinforced concrete supported on reinforced concrete
beams. Floor finishes will be designed to provide high impact and abrasion resistance. The
finishes shall be in accordance with the schedule of finishes.

Para (53) Electric overhead travelling crane(s) shall be provided in the 132 kV GIS switchgear room
to facilitate erection and maintenance of the equipment. Electric hoist of adequate capacity
shall be provided in 22/11kV switchgear building of multi-storeyed design.

Para (54) A clearance of 1m between the top of equipment and any fittings suspended from ceilings
shall be the criteria governing room heights.

Para (55) Suspended ceilings, with acoustic tiling and incorporating lighting and air-conditioning
fixtures shall be used in corridors, offices, toilet, control and SCADA rooms of the
buildings and as per schedule of finishes.

Para (56) External faces shall be rendered and finished with a textured undercoat and a polyurethane
paint system-finishing coat of approved colour. Internal faces shall be plastered and
painted. Skirting shall match the floor finish.

Para (57) Internal partition shall be fire barriers rated for minimum 1 hr. and of approved
material/design.

Para (58) Rooms shall have walls and roof slabs adequately insulated. Thermal conductivity U
(BTU/hr sq. ft. F) for rooms shall not exceed 0.1 BTU/hr sq.ft.F for wall and 0.078 for
roofs. U value shall be calculated as per Dubai Municipality regulations/guidelines.

Para (59) All 11/22 KV switchgear rooms will be air-conditioned to maintain the room temperature at
35±2ºC during summer with humidity not exceeding 70%. Winter heating is not required.
Para (60) All structures shall be designed to carry the loads imposed by the structure itself, together
with live loads in accordance with an approved standard or code of practice.

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Para (61) External doors shall be of aluminium. Internal doors shall be of painted galvanised steel of
proprietary. Windows shall be aluminium framed with fixed glazing for substation
buildings and having sliding shutters with aluminium grill for auxiliary buildings. Fire
rated doors shall be in accordance with NFPA 80 and shall be of standard construction.
Doors and windows shall be made dust-proof by use of neoprene or other approved seals.
Tinted solar reflective glass shall be used in external windows. Windowsills shall be
finished with approved marble cill. Attention should be paid to the provision of enough
natural light in the buildings.

Para (62) All doors opening outwards from the buildings shall be provided with panic latches or
bolts, which override any locking device, for escape in the event of fire. All doors shall be
provided with overhead door closures of adequate capacity. Door labels incorporating
electrical hazard warning in Arabic and English shall be fixed to each entry door. Vision
panels shall be provided to frequently used doors.

Para (63) Roofs to the main buildings shall be reinforced concrete slab construction, suitably
insulated and waterproofed. A steel staircase with necessary landing shall be provided to
permit easy access to the roof and to equipment at roof level. Roof mounted equipments if
any shall be covered by approved screens for better elevation/aesthetics.

Para (64) All roofs shall be impervious to rain and provide a rapid run-off of rainwater.

Para (65) Special attention shall be given to the waterproofing of all roofs; sealing of all joints;
allowance for thermal and shrinkage movements.

Para (66) Roof drainage shall be constructed so that water will not enter the building in the event of
blockages. Rainwater down pipes shall be external to the buildings.

Para (67) Float operated submersible pump of capacity 25 cum/hour at a head of 8 meters to be
provided for each sump of 11/22 KV and 132 KV basements. The pumps shall be fixed in
all respect ready for operation and discharge into storm water drainage system.

Para (68) The domestic water supply system shall include all plumbing, underground pipework, high
and low level storage tanks, valves, fittings and pumps (including the provision of a standby
pump) for the provision of a pressurised water supply system for the static water tank and
all buildings within the compounds.

Para (69) On completion of the installation and prior to putting to use, the system shall be sterilised in
accordance with an approved Code of Practice.

Para (70) The Contractor shall be responsible for the provision and installation of a water supply
serving the substation buildings. Every cistern, sink, basin, etc., shall be provided with a
stopcock in the supply pipe adjacent to the fitting. Each basin, sink and shower unit is to be
provided with both hot and cold water. Provision shall be made for connection to the
drinking water supply.

Para (71) Toilets shall be provided with, 1 No. Asiatic type WC, 1 No. wash-hand basin, 1 No. Wall-
mounted mirror. WC shall be provided with a hand spray. All necessary fittings and
accessories shall be provided.

Para (72) Suitable bridge type access over cable crossings in fire escapes to be provided.

Para (73) Battery rooms shall be supplied with sink and drainer and eye wash facility..

Para (74) In the event of Distribution Transformers, Capacitor Banks etc. being located in the upper
floor(s) having deluge/sprinkler system for fire protection, due consideration is to be given
in the building design for protection of equipments housed in other areas against
leakage/flooding.

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2.12. Cable Basement

Para (75) Cable basements, 2 m high clear below beams, shall be provided for the complete width of
the substation buildings, under the switch room section. Precautions must be taken to
waterproof both the walls and the floor slab to ensure that no water can permeate into the
basement structure. The basement shall be divided with fire compartment barrier walls and
interconnecting doors. Provisions shall be made for access from the ground floor, into
various sections of the basement, via hatches and permanent ladders.

Para (76) Drainage sumps shall be provided at relevant positions.

Para (77) Where cables enter the building all ducts and trenches shall be sealed; the ends of all ducts
entering trenches shall be bell-mouthed. The floor shall be screeded, the walls finished as
per the schedule of finishes.

2.13. Cable Trenches

Para (78) The Contractor is responsible for all civil works required for the installation of cables.
Cable entries into buildings shall be through ducts or in cable trenches. All cable runs in
buildings shall be within the cable basement or in trenches, provided with checker plate
covers. The covers for external cable trenches shall be of precast concrete. All cable trench
covers shall be of suitable weight and size such that they may be removed or replaced by no
more than two men without the use of a crane or special lifting equipment.

2.14. Gate House

Para (79) The Contractor shall provide with the permanent works, an enclosed shelter adjacent to the
main gate of each Substation. The shelter shall have a guardroom of 4m x 4m size with a
toilet/washroom. The gatehouse shall be of reinforced concrete construction with
blockwork in fill panel partition and walls. The features of the gatehouse shall be generally
similar to the substation building.

2.15. Watchman's accommodation

Para (80) A staff accommodation with minimum facilities as shown on the drawing shall be provided.
It shall be of reinforced concrete construction with block work infill panel partitions walls.
The features shall be generally similar to the substation building. The toilet shall be
provided with 1 NO EWC, 1 NO Wash-hand basin, 1 NO wall mounted mirror and a
shower tray.

2.16. Pump House

Para (81) The pump house shall be a single storey building near the fire water tank and shall house
the fire water pumps and associated interconnecting pipework, controllers and shall have a
room for the operators. The pump house shall be of reinforced concrete construction with
blockwork infill panels. The features of the pump house shall be generally similar to the
main substation building.

2.17. Stairs & Steps

Para (82) Stairs to equipment rooms and loading areas shall have non slip epoxy screed finish.
Threshold to doors shall be of marble.

2.18. Approval of materials

Para (83) The Engineer shall have the right to order that any materials, which do not meet with his
approval, shall not be used in the works. The Contractor shall have the right to sample, test
and give an opinion on such materials. If after this the materials are rejected by the

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Engineer they shall be removed from the site by the Contractor. Samples of materials
approved shall be made available.

3. DESIGN OF THE WORKS

3.1. Design and Drawings

Para (84) The Contractor shall design the civil engineering and building works and prepare complete
working drawings as necessary for the construction of the works.

3.2. Liability

Para (85) The design of all the works shall be the responsibility of the Contractor and this
Specification shall be used as the basis for the design.

3.3. Standards and Codes of Practice

Para (86) Civil engineering and building works and services shall all be designed and constructed in
accordance with the relevant British Standard or equivalent approved Codes of Practice for
the purpose of satisfying the Building Regulations of the Dubai Municipality and obtaining
the necessary Building Permit approval from the Local Authority as required and provide
supervision fulfilling Dubai Municipality’s requirements.

Para (87) The Standards and/or Codes of Practice employed throughout the Works, where they do not
conflict with the local by-laws, shall be of the British Standards Institution.

Para (88) As far as practicable the standards or codes adopted shall be consistent throughout any
section of the works except in meeting superior specified requirements.

Para (89) The Contractor shall investigate the existence of any regulations and local by-laws
governing the proposed works and he shall be deemed to fully comply with such
requirements.

Para (90) The Contractor shall include with his tender a schedule of standards and codes to be
followed in design and construction of the works. Copies of these codes and standards shall
be made available to the Engineer and Employer during the design and construction period.
In the case of standards and codes not published in English, the Contractor shall obtain
English translations when required and send them to the Engineer. In addition, the
Contractor shall have available in his place of business (or in his supplier's works) and on
site, copies in English of the relevant standards or codes used, for the sole use of the
Employer and Engineer.

Para (91) The failure of the Contractor to provide a schedule of standards and codes for his works
shall be taken to mean that he intends his works to comply with the specific standards and
codes referred to in this specification.

Para (92) On completion of the project, Dubai Municipality completion certificate along with original
approved drawings, Building Permit, Demarcation Certificate etc. shall be furnished to
DEWA for records.

3.4. Submission of Designs and Drawings

Para (93) The Contractor shall be required to produce full design calculations for the foundations,
building structures, building services, etc. and detailed working drawings and bending
schedules, etc. He shall be responsible for the detailed designs, strength and safety of the
structures, to meet the structural, acoustic and environmental requirements of the buildings
and other works. He shall be responsible for ensuring that the design satisfies the
requirements of all authorised local and national bodies. Design calculations and detailed
drawings must be submitted to the Engineer for review before the relevant construction

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work is carried out and at least six weeks before the relevant drawing is required on site.
The Contractor's programme shall allow at least 30 days for the Engineer's review and at
least one revision following the Engineer's initial review. Design calculations shall be in
accordance with an approved method of computation and should take account of the most
unfavourable combination of dead load, live load, and wind load. Live loads shall be in
accordance with BS.6399 Part 1. A basic wind speed (3 set gust 1-in-50yr return period) of
45 m/s at a height of 10 m above ground level shall be assumed. The design of all
buildings, structures and components shall resist wind loads calculated in accordance with
British Standard CP3 Chapter V, Part 2.

Para (94) The structures and all parts thereof shall be capable of withstanding within the prescribed
settlement, deflection and stress limits, the worst practicable combination of dead and live
loads, wind and erection forces, secondary stresses, impact, temperature and shrinkage
effects except that wind and seismic forces shall not be assumed to act together.

Para (95) All structural and secondary elements shall be designed to withstand vertical and horizontal
accelerations due to an earthquake of 0.07 g.

Para (96) Seismic design shall follow Indian Standard IS.1893.

Para (97) The minimum design live load on all floors shall be based on the static and dynamic
loadings from the equipment to be installed with due consideration for future
addition/replacement with equipments of the same manufacturer but also of other standard
products. Floors of the GIS room, 11/22 kV switch gear rooms and control rooms shall be
designed for a minimum live load of 8KN/sqm or actual equipment load whichever is
greater.

Para (98) Submission of designs and drawings should be at regular intervals, to ensure a steady flow
of submissions. Reviews may be delayed if large quantities of drawings are submitted at
any one time.

3.5. Review by the Engineer

Para (99) Review of the Contractor's drawings or calculations by the Engineer shall not relieve the
Contractor of any of his obligations to meet all the requirements of the Contract or relieve
the Contractor of the responsibility for the correctness of such drawings.

Para (100) The Contractor shall make any changes in the design, which are necessary to make the
work conform to the provisions and intent of the Contract.

3.6. Detail Requirements for Submittals Calculations

Para (101) All calculations related to civil, structural and building work should be submitted to the
Engineer in English.

Para (102) Calculations shall clearly identify the subject of the calculations and shall include but not be
limited to providing the following information: -

• Contractor's name
• Project name
• Designer's name
• Checker's name
• Contract number
• Name of the item
• Assumption used for design purposes
• Codes used
• Loadings used
• Date of Calculation

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• Calculation
• Reference sources
• Manufacturers' names and literature
• Reference to the appropriate drawing
• Technical specification section and paragraph number
• Control registers reference all as applicable.

Para (103) All calculations shall be on A4 size paper and shall be bound in stiff-backed ring binders.
The covers shall indicate the Contractor's name, the Contract name, the title of the
calculations, the date of submission and the revision letter of the calculations.

Para (104) All computer printouts shall be bound into an appropriate binder with a cover, which shall
indicate the Contractor's name, the Contract name, the title of the subject, the date of
submission and revision letter of the printout.

Para (105) Where use is made of a computer, details shall be given of the programs used and any
certification of approval by independent authorities shall be given for the programs used.
Use of such programs shall be to the approval of the Engineer.

3.6.1. Drawings

Para (106) Drawings to be used for "Construction Drawings" and record shall be prepared on A1, A3
and A4 size sheets only unless otherwise expressly approved by the Engineer.

Para (107) Drawings and data sheets prepared by the Contractor shall include complete construction
details. The drawings shall include but not be limited to the following information or detail
as applicable: construction joints, reinforcement details and bar bending schedules, details
for unusual or special items of formwork, special trenching, structural steel detailing,
architectural drawings and schedules.

Para (108) Specific changes shall be clearly designated on the drawings with the revision letter shown
in an adjacent triangle.

Para (109) All drawings shall be drawn, designed, checked, reviewed and signed by the Contractor
before submittal.

3.7. Fire Criteria

Para (110) The Contractor shall make provision in the design of the building structure for minimum
periods of fire resistance in accordance with "The British Building regulations 1985 - Part B
- Fire - B2/3/4 Fire Spread. The designation of purpose group and type to be used for the
Substation Buildings shall be `Industrial' see Table 0.1, page 6.

Para (111) The minimum periods of fire resistance (hours) shall be related to the maximum
dimensions, i.e. height, floor area or cubic capacity, of buildings or compartments of
buildings as referred to in Table 6.1, page 32, under purpose group `Industrial'.

Para (112) For calculating the maximum dimensions the following definitions shall apply: -

• "Area", in relation to a building, means the area calculated by reference to its


finished internal faces:

• "Basement" means a storey of which the floor is at any point more than 1.2 metres
below the finished surface of the ground adjacent to it.

• "Floor area" means the aggregate area of every floor in a building or extension,
calculated by reference to the finished internal faces of the walls enclosing the

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areas, or if at any point there is no such wall, by reference to the outermost edge of
the floor.

• "Height" means the height of the building measured from the mean level of the
ground adjoining the outside of the external walls of the building to the level of
half the vertical height of the roof of the building, or to the top of the walls or of
the parapet, if any, whichever is the higher.

Para (113) To restrict the spread of fire, certain walls and floors shall be designated as fire
compartment barriers. Fire compartment barriers shall provide complete barrier to spread
of smoke heat and other products of combustion. The barriers shall have a rating of 2 hours
minimum. All openings in walls/floors for entry/exit of cables shall be sealed with
approved fire sealant rated for minimum 2 hours.

3.8. Seismic Loads

Para (114) The proposed works are located in an area subject to earthquakes, intensity of VII on the
Modified Mercalli scale. All structural and secondary elements shall be designed to
withstand vertical and horizontal accelerations due to an earthquake of 0.07g.

Para (115) Design shall follow Indian Standard IS: 1893-1984 "Recommendations for Earthquake
Resistant Design of Structures".

3.9. Road Loads

Para (116) The Contractor shall design the roads to an approved standard and show the design to be
satisfactory for the maximum load anticipated during either the construction or operational
phase of the Works.

3.10. Drainage

Para (117) Drainage shall be designed in accordance with relevant Codes of Practice published by the
British Standards Institution, viz: BS 6031, BS 6367 and BS 8301.

Para (118) In the neighbourhood of embankments and cuttings surface water run-off is to be controlled
by the provision of lined drainage channels. Provision shall be made for the disposal of
surface water from roads.

Para (119) Surface water from roofs of buildings shall be drained to down pipes, which connect with
the site drainage system.

Para (120) The following intensities of rainfall shall be used for design of drainage: -

Roofs 75 mm/hr
Site 15 mm/hr

Para (121) The Contractor shall ascertain whether main foul drainage is available locally, and if so,
arrangements are to be made to connect from the substation toilets into this system. Where
main drainage is not available foul drainage shall terminate at suitably dimensioned septic
tank having minimum capacity for 20 persons. A soakaway of suitable size also shall be
provided.

Para (122) The septic tank shall be constructed in an agreed position. The design shall be to
recognised standards such as BS 6297 and approved by the Engineer. The settling
compartment shall have a sloping floor and a sump for easy removal of sludge when
necessary. The tank shall have separate fresh air inlet and outlet pipes and be provided with
access openings. The effluent from the tank shall be drained to a soak-away pit of adequate
capacity, constructed with walls of solid concrete blocks laid on their sides. The soak-away
pit shall be covered by a concrete slab, with access through a manhole cover.

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Para (123) Septic Tank and Soak ways for foul drainage as well as storm water drainage shall be
located giving due consideration and with consultation/approval of the local Authorities so
that in future when main sewerage/storm water drainage net work for the area is made
available these services may be connected to the main line easily.

3.11. Foundations

Para (124) Foundations shall be designed and constructed in accordance with the recommendations of
BS 8004 "Code of practice for Foundations" to safely prevent overturning, base failure,
uplift and sliding. Due consideration shall be taken to the risk of detrimental deformation
and settlement of the soil. Angular distortion, horizontal and vertical movements of the
foundations as a result of compression of the soil, must not exceed that which is acceptable
with regard to the resulting forces in the structures and the safe operation of the electrical
equipment.

Para (125) Spread foundations shall be designed such that tension or no pressure areas shall not
develop under the foundations where formation level is below the natural ground water
table. Extent of foundation for each building/structure should unless otherwise agreed, be
restricted within the periphery of the building/structure.

Para (126) When calculating the resistance to overturning of foundations no account shall be taken of
the friction between the sides of the base and the surrounding ground, unless agreed with
the Engineer.

4. SUB-SOIL INVESTIGATIONS

Para (127) All sub-soil investigation requirements are the responsibility of the Contractor.

Para (128) Factual reports on ground investigations attached to this document is for information only.

5. TRANSFORMER COMPOUNDS

Para (129) Transformers shall be placed within pens, with reinforced concrete fire and blast walls
separating the transformers. Front side of the pens shall be provided as follows:

• Where access to the transformer enclosures is from within the sub station and front
elevation is not prominently visible from out side, the rooms shall be enclosed
with removable galvanized mesh fencing of opening size not more than 25 x 25x
3.5 mm for full height having lockable mesh access gates.

• Where access to transformer enclosures is from outside or the front elevation is


visible from outside, the front face shall be with aluminium clustra made of box
section 30-x30x1.5 mm fixed in removable aluminium frames for full height.
Galvanised mesh of opening size not more than 25x25x3.5 mm to be fixed behind
clustra. The pattern of clustra shall be subject to approval.

Para (130) The removable fence framing shall be designed to withstand the wind loads calculated in
accordance with British Standard CP3. Foundation shall be of reinforced concrete, finished
in dust-proof hardwearing epoxy coating. Transformer compounds roof shall be as
indicated on the drawing, provided with rainwater disposal arrangement.

Para (131) Provision shall be made for the catchment of oil spillage and fire deluge water from the
transformers resulting from mechanical or electrical failure. Precautions shall be provided
to prevent pollution of streams, ground water, irrigation ditches and other watercourses by
leaking or ejected oil.

Para (132) Each transformer shall be protected from the potentially damaging consequences of a
catastrophic failure in any of the transformers by providing fire/blast walls between

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adjacent transformers. Fire precautions shall be provided for the extinguishing of burning
oil on entering the bond enclosing the transformer areas.

Para (133) The foundation supporting the transformers shall incorporate flat-bottomed transformer
tanks. Bollards to give haulage points for the transformers shall be provided at suitable
locations.

Para (134) Each transformer foundation shall be surrounded by a low wall enclosing an area in which
the oil content of the transformer can be retained in the event of a major oil leak. Each area
shall drain into a central oil separator tank, sized at least to hold the oil capacity of the
largest transformer. The transformer bond is to be filled with 35 mm to 50 mm size
cobblestones and the total volume is to be such that the voids shall contain the required oil
volume of the transformer. The chippings are to finish at a level 150 mm below the top
level of the oil retaining wall. A sump is to be provided in one corner of the oil pit, to
facilitate removal of the oil or water by suitable pump to be provided. A gauge to indicate
the level of water inside the oil water tank to be fixed at convenient location to the
Engineers approval. Attention should be paid to the separation of water and oil in the
sump.

6. SETTING OUT AND TOLERANCES

Para (135) The Contractor is responsible for the accuracy of all setting out and construction as follows:

• Principal Setting Out ± 1 in 4500


• Construction tolerances: -

Max. Tolerance (mm)


Building Foundations alignment ±5
Level ±5
specific dimensions +25,-10
Building Framework verticality ±1:1500
Alignment ±3
Level ±3
Concrete Work verticality ±1:1500
Level ±3
Alignment ±3
Openings ±5
specific dimensions ±5
Mass Concrete or verticality ±1:1000
Block Walls alignment ±5

Para (136) The Engineer may at his discretion alter or specify new tolerances as necessary.

7. EXCAVATION AND EARTHWORKS

7.1. Backfill

Para (137) Unless otherwise described, directed or permitted, fill shall consist of previous naturally
occurring material, free from clay, silt and vegetable or other injurious matter and water-
soluble salts harmful to copper and other metals. Filling shall be imported only from
approved areas.

7.2. Excavations Generally

Para (138) The whole of the excavations shall be carried out to the widths, lengths and depths shown
on the approved drawings and in accordance with BS 6031 and BS 8004. No unlicensed or
indiscriminate digging shall be permitted.

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Para (139) The Contractor shall allow for risk of meeting and having excavating through any sort of
material including rock.

Para (140) The Contractor may excavate by any method he considers suitable, subject to the Engineer's
approval and shall allow for the use of types of plant most suited for excavation in any
location and at any time.

Para (141) The Contractor is to include for all strutting and shoring necessary for the safe execution of
the works.

7.3. Excavated Materials

Para (142) Materials from the excavation may, if approved by the Engineer, be used by the Contractor
in the construction of the Works. Other excavated material shall be backfilled where
required or deposited where directed anywhere on site. Surplus materials shall be removed
from the site by the Contractor and disposal as directed by the Engineer.

Para (143) The Contractor shall at all times keep the site free from all surplus materials, rubbish and
offensive matter.

7.4. Bottom Layer of Excavation

Para (144) The bottom of all excavated areas shall be trimmed, levelled and well rammed.

Para (145) The bottom level of excavations or foundations shall be inspected and passed by the
Engineer before foundations are constructed.

7.5. Dewatering

Para (146) The excavated surfaces shall be kept dry and clean by pumping or any other method
deemed necessary and approved by the Engineer. Water from such dewatering shall be
properly drained away from the site and disposed of off site, so as not to inconvenience
users of adjacent properties or sites. Water table to be brought down to minimum 300 mm
below the foundation level.

Para (147) The cost of pumping or other dewatering shall be covered by the Contractor in his tender.
No concrete, masonry, brickwork or other materials shall be placed or built until the
surfaces are properly drained.

7.6. Filling and Reinstatement

Para (148) Filling for trenches, excavations and levelling of the site shall be deposited in layers not
exceeding 250 mm uncompacted in thickness each layer watered when necessary and well
rammed or otherwise consolidated to minimum 95% of the maximum dry density obtained
by the use of an approved standard compaction test or to Resident Engineer's satisfaction.

Para (149) Where excavations, whether in rock or other material, are made to a greater depth than
required or ordered by the Engineer, the intervening space shall be brought up to the proper
level in plain concrete.

Para (150) Any formation, which, in the opinion of the Engineer, is not sufficiently good to carry the
loads, which shall be imposed on it, shall be excavated and replaced with concrete.

7.7. Slips and Settlements

Para (151) Should any slips occur in the excavations, banks or filling during the execution of the works
or during the Defects Liability Period from any cause whatsoever, the Contractor shall
execute the necessary remedial works in such manner and form, and with such materials as
the Engineer's Representative shall approve.

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Para (152) The Contractor shall make good all settlement of filling that may occur up to the issue of
the last Final Certificate.

7.8. Explosives

Para (153) The use of explosives shall not be permitted as a general rule. In cases where the Engineer
may authorise their use and notwithstanding such authority or other conditions imposed by
the Engineer, the Contractor shall remain responsible for their use including injury to any
person or any damage to property, and for their safe storage. The Contractor shall make his
own arrangements for the safe storage, obtaining of permits from appropriate local
Authorities and for the payment of fees and licenses and all other matters connected
therewith.

Para (154) The Contractor shall employ only properly qualified workmen in the handling and firing of
charges. In order to prevent injury to life and damage to property, adequate safety
precautions shall be taken and proper warnings shall be given of all blasting operations.
Blasting shall only take place at such times as may be approved by the Engineer.

7.9. Compacted Fill Areas

Para (155) In areas where excavated or imported material is to be used as compacted fill, the
Contractor shall be required to achieve a density of not less than 95% of the test density for
the excavated or imported material. All tests and equipment for determination and
checking of the specified density shall be carried out and supplied by the Contractor in the
presence of the Engineer and his price is deemed to include for this.

7.10. General Requirement

Para (156) Two numbers of water outlets with valve control suitable for taking one-inch water
connection shall be provided just outside the main transformer cells.

8. PILING

8.1. Standards

Para (157) Piling work, materials and tests shall comply with the following Codes of Practice and
Standards, together with all Statutory Regulations: -

TITLE SUBJECT
BS 8004 Code of practice for foundations
Model Specification for Piling Institution of Civil Engineers
BS 8110 Structural use of concrete
BS 5328 Methods of specifying concrete

8.2. General Requirements

Para (158) The piles shall be designed to carry at least twice the working load and this shall be
determined by normal design procedures.

Para (159) The pile shall be adequately anchored into pile caps in accordance with seismic design
practice.

8.3. Proprietary Piling Systems


Para (160) Where a piling system is not exclusively covered by the above specifications, the contractor
shall submit to the Engineer for approval full details of the system he proposes to use.
Details shall include design, suitability, case studies etc. This information shall be
submitted at least 6 weeks before the use of the system is required on site.

9. ROADS AND OTHER SURFACES

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9.1. General

Para (161) Substation roads and parking areas shall be properly defined compacted and paved with
interlocking concrete blocks 80 mm thick. All other compound surfacing shall be stone
chippings.

9.2. Materials

Para (162) Hardcore shall consist of natural stone or masonry broken to pass a 75 to 100 mm ring. It
shall be free from dust, rubbish, wood, vegetable or other injurious matter.

Para (163) Broken stone and chippings for use as site surfacing shall consist of hard crushed natural
stone.

Para (164) Bituminous wearing courses for approach roads shall be suitable for the high temperatures
experienced in the area and shall comply with an authoritative and approved standard
appropriate to the locality of the Work. The details and grading of the aggregate and the
binder contents shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval. Sealing grit shall be
applied as required.

9.3. Drains, Sewers and Cable Ducts

Para (165) All drains, sewers, cable ducts and other necessary work below formation level shall be
completed, inspected and passed by the Engineer before the construction of any road or
path is started.

9.4. Preparation of Formation

Para (166) The upper 300 mm of the formation shall be of suitable soil; otherwise the Contractor shall
improve it to the Engineer's satisfaction or 30 CBR by blending it with granular materials
such as gravel or sand.

Para (167) The formation shall be rolled to an even and uniform surface, which shall be parallel to the
finished surface of the road or path. Rolling shall be carried out with a 4 to 7 tonne power
driven roller unless otherwise ordered or permitted by the Engineer.

9.5. Sub-base

Para (168) After the formation has been properly made, rolled and approved by the Engineer, a sub-
base consisting of well graded natural sands, gravels or rock or mixtures thereof shall be
laid and compacted to minimum 95% of MDD, to give a finished thickness of at least 200
mm or as described or directed.

Para (169) The material shall be free of deleterious matter and shall be well graded having grading
envelop similar to table given below: -

BS SIEVE SIZE PERCENTAGE BY MASS PASSING


75 mm 100
37.5 mm 85 - 100
10 mm 40 - 70
5 mm 25 - 45
0.6 mm 8 - 22
0.075 mm 0 - 10

9.6. Prime Coat

Para (170) A prime coat of 1 to 1.5 Kg/sq.m liquid bitumen shall be sprayed on in accordance with the
best practice fitting to the locality of the Work.

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9.7. Bituminous Surface

Para (171) Two layer bituminous surfacing of 100 mm overall thickness shall be laid in accordance
with the approved standard.

9.8. Interlock Paving blocks

Para (172) The formation and sub-base for road areas with interlock paving blocks shall be as
described in Clauses 11.9.4 and 11.9.5 above. Interlock paving blocks shall be placed in a
herring bond pattern on a 4 cms laying coarse of coarse sand above the sub-base.

9.9. Cross fall

Para (173) In the case of roads with a straight cross fall, this fall shall be not more that 1 in 40 and not
less than 1 in 48. With roads to be cambered the average fall of the finished surface from
the crown to the road edge shall be not more that 1 in 30 and not less than 1 in 45.

9.10. Kerbs

Para (174) Pre-cast concrete kerbs to BS.7263 set on a concrete bed shall be laid on each side of the
roads/parking areas to define the limits for vehicular access.

9.11. Footpaths and Trench Covers

Para (175) Interlocking concrete block paving shall be provided for footpaths. Paving blocks shall be
60 mm thick and laid in a herring bond pattern.

Para (176) Trench covers shall be minimum of 60 mm thick and provided with handles or holes for
lifting purposes. They shall be reinforced concrete to the approval of the Engineer. The
reinforcement shall be in the middle of the covers. The bearing edges of covers shall be
reinforced with min. 50 x 50 x 6 mm thick hot dipped galvanised steel angle.

Para (177) Where concrete covers are required for trenches crossing roads, these shall be designed for
the heavy wheel loads expected on them and shall be specially reinforced as necessary.

9.12. Stone Surfacing

Para (178) Stone chippings for use as substation surfacing are to be clean hard crushed stone graded
from 16 - 40 mm.

Para (179) The formation in areas where stone chippings are to be used shall be well compacted to the
approval of the Engineer.

Para (180) Stone chippings shall be laid and lightly compacted to a minimum finished thickness of
75 mm.

10. CONCRETE

10.1. Design, Materials and Workmanship

Para (181) Standards of design, materials and workmanship are to be equal to or better than those laid
down in BS.8110.

Para (182) Construction practices shall conform to the recommendations given in the CIRIA Guide to
concrete construction in the Gulf Region Special Publication 31, 1984.

10.2. Testing

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Para (183) Tests required by the Engineer shall normally be carried out at an approved independent
testing station. The cost of preparing, storing and transporting test specimens to the place
of testing is to be borne by the Contractor.

10.3. Cement

Para (184) The cement may be Portland (BS 12), sulphate-resisting Portland (BS 4027) or super
sulphated (BS 4248) depending on the soil and ground water salt concentrations. The type
of cement shall be based on tables 6.1 and 6.2 of BS 8110. The cement shall be tested to
determine the total alkali content in accordance with BS 4550 Part 2 or else A.S.T.M.
C114-69 (Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic Cement).

Para (185) The equivalent weight of sodium oxide shall be calculated from the following formula:-

Para (186) Equivalent weight of Na2O = Wt. of Na2O + 0.658 x Wt. of K2O. The equivalent weight
of sodium oxide shall not exceed 0.6% of the weight of cement.

Para (187) The above restriction shall be waived if the proposed aggregate is proved without doubt to
be non-reactive.

10.4. Cement Test Certificates

Para (188) All cement shall be certified by the manufacturer as complying with the requirements of the
appropriate specification. The Contractor shall, when required by the Engineer, obtain for
him the manufacturer's test certificate for any consignment as soon as possible after
delivery.

10.5. Cement Samples

Para (189) The Engineer shall have the right to require the Contractor at any time to draw samples of
cement from locations to be specified by the Engineer.

10.6. Cement Storage

Para (190) Cement shall be kept dry and used in rotation of deliveries. If delivered in bags, these shall
be stored in a well-ventilated and weatherproof building used exclusively for this purpose.
If delivered in bulk, an approved type of cement silo shall be used. Cements of different
types shall be kept separately.

10.7. Aggregates

Para (191) Before the Engineer can approve any aggregate source the contractor shall furnish the
following data: -

• Petrological group of rock


• Rock type within the group
• Shape
• Surface texture
• Silt content
• Grading curves
• Specific gravity
• Impact value
• Water absorption
• Soundness
• Salt content
• Alkali reactivity
Para (192) The fine and coarse aggregates shall comply with BS.882, and the Clauses below, unless
exceptions listed by Tenderers in the attached schedule are approved by the Engineer.

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Para (193) The amount of material passing 75 micron (combined aggregate) shall not exceed 1.0% by
wt. If dust content is more than this, it should be compensated by cement of the same
amount in weight. However, dust shall not exceed 1.5% of combined aggregate.

Para (194) The sources of all aggregates shall be approved by the Engineer.

Para (195) Marine aggregates may be used when their chloride content complies with the clause on
"Chemical Requirements" below and where the shell content does not adversely affect the
workability of the concrete.

10.7.1. Aggregates - Physical Requirements

Para (196) The weight of voided shells in fine aggregate shall not exceed 5%.

Para (197) The weight of the clay and fine silt fraction (smaller than A.S.T.M. sieve No.200) shall not
exceed 1% by weight for coarse aggregates or 3% by weight for fine aggregates.

Para (198) Absorption of fine and coarse aggregate shall not exceed 2.5% as measured in accordance
with BS.812 or similar standard.

Para (199) The soundness of all aggregates shall be proved by a sodium sulphate test in accordance
with A.S.T.M.C88-76, from which the loss over 5 cycles shall not exceed 10% for fine
aggregates or 12% for coarse aggregates.

Para (200) The apparent specific gravity of aggregates as determined by an approved test, such as in
BS.812, shall not be less than 2.5.

Para (201) Los Angeles abrasion shall not exceed 27%.

Para (202) Where quarries win aggregate from bedrock, especially limestone of the dolomitic type, the
rock shall be checked for surface alteration to hardpan. This may affect the surface for well
over a meter depth and result in salt concentrations near the surface. Such rocks are also
prone to other undesirable characteristics, including pockets of clay, salt, chalk or other
friable material. Rigorous initial physical inspection is essential.

10.7.2. Aggregates - Chemical Requirements

Para (203) Fine and coarse aggregates shall not be potentially reactive with alkalies, and shall be
regularly tested in accordance with ASTM standard tests C227, C289, C342 and C586.

Para (204) Fine and coarse aggregates shall not contain more than 0.4% by weight of acid soluble
sulphates (as S03).

Para (205) Fine aggregate shall contain no more than 0.1% by weight of chlorides (as NaC1) and
coarse aggregate not more than 0.03%. Should these figures be exceeded the aggregate
may still be considered acceptable in this respect provided the total sodium chloride
concentration is not greater than 0.32% by weight of cement in the mix, irrespective of the
origin of the chloride.
Para (206) Marine aggregates may be used provided that the content of chloride salt in the aggregate,
expressed as the equivalent an hydrous calcium chloride percentage by weight of the
cement to be used in the concrete, does not exceed 0.3%, but where the proportion exceeds
0.1% by weight of cement, marine aggregates must not be used with high alumina cement
or for pre-stressed concrete in circumstances where calcium chloride admixtures are not
permitted. In addition, in concrete containing embedded metal, calcium chloride must not
be added in such proportion that the total anhydrous calcium chloride in the admixture, plus
the equivalent value of anhydrous calcium chloride calculated from the chloride in the
aggregate, exceeds 0.35% by weight of the cement. For the purposes of calculation the

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anhydrous calcium chloride content may be taken as equal to the sodium chloride content or
to 1.6 times the chloride ion content as appropriate.

10.7.3. Aggregate Storage

Para (207) The aggregates shall be stored at mixer positions on drained concrete paved areas in such
manner that intermingling of different sizes and types of aggregates is prevented. The
stockpiles are to be protected from rubbish or windblown dust.

10.7.4. Aggregate Sampling

Para (208) The Engineer shall have the right to require the Contractor at any time to draw samples of
aggregates from Stockpiles on the site or any other locations to be indicated by the
Engineer. Testing is to be carried out at an independent laboratory approved by the
Engineer.

10.8. Approval of Materials

Para (209) The Engineer shall have the right to order that any materials, which do not meet with his
approval, shall not be used in the Works. The Contractor shall have the right to sample, test
and give an opinion on such materials. If after this the materials are rejected by the
Engineer they shall be removed from the site by the Contractor. Samples of materials
approved shall be made available at site.

10.9. Water

Para (210) The water used for making concrete, mortar and grout shall be clean, fresh and free from
injurious amounts of oil, vegetable or organic matter or any other deleterious substance in
suspension or solution. The mix water shall be continually monitored for salt content and
the concrete mix designed accordingly to limit total salt content. The water should comply
with the requirements of BS.3148.

10.10. Admixtures

Para (211) Admixtures shall not be used without the approval of the Engineer. The self-retarding and
water reducing admixtures where used shall be free of chlorides and consist of Ligno-
sulphonate.

10.11. Supervision

Para (212) The Contractor shall employ at the Works a competent person whose first duty shall be to
supervise all stages in the preparation, placing and curing of concrete. All test cubes shall
be made and site tests carried out under his direct supervision.

10.12. Plant

Para (213) The concreting plant shall be suitable in type, capacity and design for its purpose. The
performance of the plant and its disposition shall be to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

10.13. Concrete Strength Requirements


Para (214) The strength requirements for each grade of concrete proposed in the design shall be proven
by means of preliminary trial tests as specified later.

Para (215) Grades of concrete shall be in accordance with BS 5328.

Para (216) The minimum cement content of any structural concrete for superstructure shall be
370 kg/m3. The minimum cement content for foundations and substructures shall be 400
kg/m3.
Para (217) The maximum cement content of any structural concrete shall be 480 kg/m3

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Para (218) The maximum free-water/cement ratio shall be 0.45.

Para (219) The maximum temperature of the fresh concrete shall be 30 C.

Para (220) The minimum temperature of the fresh concrete shall be 9 C.

Para (221) Mix propositions shall be calculated to give the required concrete strengths, using the
method described in "Design of Normal Concrete Mixes", published by the UK Department
of the Environment (1988 edition).

Para (222) Due allowance must be made for the free water contained on surface-wet or saturated
aggregates, as outlined in the above publication.

Para (223) Where information is to be provided by the Contractor this shall be submitted, in every
case, at least 14 days before the start of concrete production.

Para (224) For designed mixes the following information shall be provided in addition to that specified
in Clause 14(1) and 14(2) of BS.5328:-

• Data showing that the proposed mix proportions and method of manufacture will
produce concrete of the required quality with the intended workability, or

• Details of tests on trial mixes, or

• Statement that, for initial production where approved by the Engineer, the
appropriate mix proportions given by Tables 1 and 2 in BS.5328 will be used.

Para (225) The Contractor's designs and drawings shall show clearly the characteristic strengths, mix
proportions and deviations proposed for each grade of concrete to be used.

10.14. Concreting in hot weather

Para (226) In hot weather concreting should be in accordance with ACI Standard 305-77 with the
following additional precautions being taken: -

• Mixing - In hot weather suitable means shall be provided to shield the aggregates
stockpiles from the direct rays of the sun or to cool the aggregates by spraying
with water and to insulate the mixing water tank and pipe lines to ensure that the
temperature of the concrete when deposited shall not exceed 30 C.

• In hot dry weather suitable means shall be provided to avoid premature stiffening
of concrete placed in contact with hot dry surfaces. Where necessary the surfaces,
including reinforcement, against which the concrete is to be placed shall be
shielded from the rays of the sun and shall be sprayed with water to prevent
excessive absorption by the surfaces of water from the fresh concrete.

• Wherever possible all small pours should be carried out as late as possible in the
afternoon.

10.15. Concrete Mixing

Para (227) All concrete except where specifically permitted by the Engineer in writing shall be
supplied by an approved supplier of ready mix concrete having a microprocessor controlled
batching plant. The use of truck mixed concrete shall not be permitted.

Para (228) The concrete ingredients, classification and time of addition of water to the mix shall be
recorded on the delivery ticket of each concrete batch delivered to site.

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Para (229) In computing the quantity of water to be added, due account must be taken of the water
contained in the aggregates. The amount of water shall be sufficient to ensure thorough
hydration, good workability and high strength.

Para (230) The Contractor shall take all precautions to the satisfaction of the Engineer to protect the
concrete from the injurious effects of the elements.

Para (231) A cover or other suitable means shall be provided to shield the aggregate stockpiles from
the direct rays of the sun or suitable means provided to cool the aggregates by spraying with
fresh water and to insulate the mixing water tank and pipe lines to ensure that the
temperature of the concrete when deposited shall not exceed 30 C.

10.16. Workability

Para (232) The concrete shall be of such consistency that it can be readily worked into the corners and
angles of the formwork and around reinforcement without segregation of the materials or
bleeding of free water at the surface. On striking the formwork it shall present a face which
is uniform, free from honeycombing, surface crazing or excessive dusting, and which shall
not, in the opinion of the Engineer, be inferior to the standards laid down in later clauses in
this section.

Para (233) The workability of concrete delivered to site shall be tested by slump test in accordance to
BS.1881. The acceptable slump shall generally be 75 + _ 25 mm.

10.17. Transport and Placing

Para (234) The concrete shall be discharged from the mixer and transported to the Works by means
that shall be approved by the Engineer and which shall prevent adulteration, segregation or
loss of ingredients, and ensure that the concrete is of the required workability at the point
and time of placing.

Para (235) The concrete shall be placed in the positions and sequences indicated on the Drawings, in
the Specification or as directed by the Engineer within one hour of mixing. When the site
placement conditions require a longer time between mixing and pouring, suitable retarders
may be used, if approved by the Engineer.

Para (236) Except where otherwise directed, concrete shall not be placed unless the Engineer or his
representative is present and has previously examined and approved the positioning, fixing
and condition of the reinforcement and of any other items to be embedded, the cleanliness,
alignment and suitability of the containing surfaces, and the adequacy and position of plant.

Para (237) Inform the Engineer before each pour of concrete to allow the inspection of reinforcement
and surfaces against which concrete is to be placed. A minimum of 24 hours notice shall be
given in writing of the intention to place concrete. The inspection time shall be during
office hours. Agreed concreting schedule shall be strictly adhered to for arranging
supervision.

Para (238) The concrete shall be deposited as nearly as possible in its final position and in such a
manner as to avoid segregation, displacement of the reinforcement, formwork or other
embedded items. Placing shall be continuous between specified or approved construction
joints. Works shall be brought up to full thickness in 400 mm maximum compacted layers
as the work proceeds.

Para (239) Where chutes are used to convey the concrete, their slopes shall not be such as to cause
segregation and suitable spouts or baffles shall be provided to obviate segregation during
discharge. Concrete shall not be allowed to fall freely more than 1.5 metres except with the
approval of the Engineer. Where pneumatic placers are used the velocity of discharge shall
be regulated by suitable baffles or hoppers where necessary to prevent segregation or

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damage and distortion of the reinforcement, other embedded items and formwork, caused
by impact.

Para (240) Concrete shall not be placed in standing or running water unless so specified or approved.

Para (241) The concrete shall not be subject to any form of external vibration between 2 hours and 24
hours after placing. No mechanical work to recently placed concrete such as scrubbing will
be permitted until 36 hours after placing of fresh concrete unless agreed otherwise by the
Engineer.

Para (242) The kickers for RCC walls shall not be less than 150 mm high and shall be cast
monolithically with the base.

10.18. Compaction of Concrete

Para (243) The concrete shall be fully compacted throughout the full extent of the layer. It shall be
thoroughly worked against the formwork and around reinforcement and other embedded
items, without displacing them. Successive layers of the same lift shall be thoroughly
worked together.

10.19. Vibrators

Para (244) Unless otherwise directed by the Engineer, approved power driven vibrators of the
immersion type shall be used. They shall be inserted at such distances apart or applied in
such a manner as shall ensure that the concrete is satisfactorily and uniformly compacted.

Para (245) The Contractor shall ensure that a sufficient number of vibrators are on hand at all times
giving adequate allowance for breakdown of vibrators as well as electric power failure.
Vibrators shall penetrate the full depth of the layer and where the underlying layer is of
fresh concrete, shall enter and revibrate that layer to ensure that successive layers are well
knitted together.

Para (246) Over-vibration, causing segregation, surface laitance or leakage through formwork, shall be
avoided. Immersion vibrators shall be withdrawn slowly to prevent the formation of voids.
Vibrators shall not be used to work the concrete along the forms, or in such a way as to
damage formwork or other parts of the structure, or displace the reinforcement or other
embedded items.

10.20. Construction Joints

Para (247) Concreting shall be carried out continuously up to construction joints, the position and
arrangement of which shall be indicated on the drawings and approved by the Engineer.

Para (248) When not indicated on the drawings the following general rule shall apply:-

Para (249) Columns - Joints in columns are to be made at the underside of floor members and at floor
levels. Haunches and column capitals are to be considered as part of and continuous with
the floor or roof.
Para (250) Floors - Joints in the floor system are to be located at or near the quarter points of the span
in slabs and beams, except where otherwise instructed.

Para (251) Walls - Vertical joints away from corners. Horizontal joints above splays or openings.

Para (252) Whenever the placing of the concrete is discontinued other than at the exposed faces, this
discontinuity shall form a construction joint. Construction joints are to be made only along
a horizontal or vertical plane except that in the case of inclined or curved members they
shall be at right angles to the principal axis. Care shall be taken to prevent off-setting of the
joint and to ensure water tightness. The joints shall in every way satisfy the requirement of
the Engineer, and be fully detailed on drawings prior to submission for approval.

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Para (253) When work is resumed adjacent to a surface, which has set the whole surface, shall be
thoroughly roughened. It shall be cleaned of all loose and foreign matter and laitance and
washed with water immediately before placing the fresh concrete, which shall be well
compacted against the joint.

Para (254) The water bars shall be provided in all construction joints below ground level in addition to
any joint, which may be detailed on the drawing.

10.21. Construction Bays

Para (255) The Contractor shall agree with the Engineer, prior to the commencement of concreting,
upon the sequence of placing concrete and the positions of vertical and horizontal joints,
whether shown or not on the drawings.

Para (256) In general, slabs in excess of 6 metres in length and/or width and walls exceeding 6 metres
in length shall not be poured in one operation and subsequent adjacent bays shall not be
concreted within 7 days. The maximum area of any pour shall be 100 sq. m.

Para (257) As an alternative to alternate bay construction, shrinkage gaps of up to 1 metre in width
may be left at 6 metre intervals; the shrinkage gaps shall not be concreted until concrete on
all sides is at least seven days old.

10.22. Curing

Para (258) Concrete shall be protected during the first stage of hardening from the harmful effects of
sunshine, drying winds, cold, rain or running water. The protection shall be applied as soon
as practicable after completion of placing by one or more of the following methods, as
approved by the Engineer.

Para (259) The concrete shall be covered by a layer of sacking, canvas, Hussein, straw mats, or similar
absorbent material, or a layer of washed sand, constantly wet.

Para (260) Alternatively after thoroughly wetting, the concrete shall be covered with a layer of
approved waterproof paper or plastic membrane kept in contact with the concrete.

Para (261) Except in the case of surfaces to which concrete has subsequently to be bonded, the
concrete may be cured by the application of an approved liquid curing membrane.
Application shall be made by low-pressure spray in accordance with the manufacturer's
instructions. On vertical surfaces, the curing membrane shall be applied immediately after
removing the formwork.

Para (262) The curing of the concrete shall be maintained for at least ten days after which time the
concrete shall remain covered for a further four days.

10.23. Trial Mixes

Para (263) The Contractor shall submit not less than 3 weeks before the commencement of
manufacture of preliminary trial design mixes the following information to the Engineer in
respect of each grade of concrete: -

• Grade of concrete
• Title of particular trial mix
• Type and grading of the aggregates
• Type of cement
• The ratio by weight of all the constituents of the concrete
• Type of admixture
• The expected compacting factor and slump
• Full details of the proposed site quality control

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• Full details of the proposed laboratory for testing.


• Maximum and minimum temperatures of the fresh concrete.

Para (264) The Contractor shall also confirm his proposed testing regime and acceptance criteria for
the Preliminary Trial Mixes. Should the proposals not be approved by the Engineer, then
the Contractor shall comply with the paragraph on preliminary test cubes and the two
following paragraphs below.

Para (265) At least four weeks before commencing any concreting in the Works, the Contractor shall
make trial mixes using samples of aggregates and cements typical of those to be used. If
possible, the concreting plant and the means of transport to be employed in the Works shall
be used to make the trial mixes and to transport them a representative distance. A clean dry
mixer shall be used to make the trial mixes and the first batch shall be discarded.

Para (266) Preliminary test cubes shall be taken from the proposed mixes as follows:

Para (267) For each grade a set of 6 cubes shall be made from each of 3 consecutive batches. Three
from each set of 6 shall be tested at an age of 7 days and three at an age of 28 days. The
cubes shall be made, cured, stored, transported and tested in compression in accordance
with approved standards and tested in an approved independent laboratory.

Para (268) If it is proposed to use an admixture in the mix then for each grade of concrete an additional
batch shall be made with a double dose of the additive. For each of these batches 3 cubes
shall be made and 1 tested at 7 days and 2 at 28 days to determine the likely effect of errors
in dispensing.

Para (269) The trial design mix proportions shall be approved if the average strength of a set of 9 cubes
tested at 28 days exceeds the specified characteristic compressive strength by the current
margin less 3.5N/mm2. The results of the seven-day cube tests shall be used to give an
indication for future use of the strengths likely to be achieved at 28 days. They shall not be
used to satisfy the 28 days preliminary test cube strength requirements.

Para (270) The current margin for each particular type of concrete mix should be determined; it may
be taken as having the smaller of the values given by (i) or (ii).

• (i) 1.64 times the standard deviation of cube tests on at least 100 separate batches
of concrete of nominally similar proportions of similar materials and produced
over a period not exceeding 12 months by the same plant under similar
supervision, but not less than 1/6 of the characteristic strength for concrete of
grade 7, 10 or 15, or 3.75N/mm2 for concrete of grade 20 or above.

• (ii) 1.64 times the standard deviation of cube tests on at least 40 separate batches
of concrete of nominally similar proportions of similar materials and produced
over a period not less than 5 days but not exceeding 6 months by the same plant
under similar supervision, but not less than 1/3 of the characteristic strength for
concrete of grade 7, 10 or 15, or 7.5N/mm2 for concrete of grade 20 or above.
Para (271) Where there are insufficient data to satisfy i) or ii) above, the margin for the initial mix
design should be taken as two-thirds of the concrete of grade 20 or above. This margin
should be used as the current margin only until sufficient data are available to satisfy i) or
ii) above. However, when the required characteristic strength approaches the maximum
possible strength of concrete made with a particular aggregate, a smaller margin but not less
than 7.5N/mm2 may have to be permitted for the initial mix design.

Para (272) At each age of test no cube strength shall fall below the appropriate minimum specified in
the Contractor's designs.
Para (273) Before commencing the Works the Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for his approval
full details of the mixes he proposes to use, with their anticipated average strength, which
must be based on the satisfactory results of these preliminary tests.

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Para (274) The Engineer shall if he so desires be present at all preliminary tests.

Para (275) The Contractor shall inform the Engineer of his intention to carry out such tests and the
time and place of the tests at least 24 hours before they take place.

Para (276) Neither the mix proportions nor the source of supply of materials shall be altered without
the prior approval of the Engineer except that the Contractor shall adjust the proportions of
the mix as required; to take account of permitted variations in the materials. Such approval
shall be subject to the execution, to the Engineer's satisfaction, of trial mix procedures set
out herein.

10.24. Works Test Cubes

Para (277) For the first 10 days that a particular grade of concrete is produced, or where there is a lapse
of two weeks or more between successive pours of the same grade of concrete, three
samples shall be taken on each day and three cubes shall be made from each sample. Two
shall be tested at 7 days and the other at 28 days.

Para (278) After the initial 10 days, samples of designed mixes shall be taken at the reduced rate given
in Table I below, with the proviso that at least one sample shall be taken on each day that
concrete of that grade is used. Three cubes shall be made from each sample, one being
tested at 7 days and the remaining two at 28 days.

Para (279) Table I - Sampling rates for design mixes after initial 10 day production run of concrete
grade 6 Cubes shall be made from each sample).

RATE TYPE OF STRUCTURE 1 SAMPLE TO BE TAKEN


EVERY DAY OR EVERY

A Critical Structures e.g. Masts, cantilevers 10 cubic metres


Columns
B Intermediate Structures e.g. Beams, slabs 40 cubic metres

Para (280) The cubes shall be made, cured, stored and tested in compression in accordance with
BS.1881. The tests shall be carried out in a testing laboratory approved by the Engineer.
The laboratory must provide evidence that its equipment and procedures comply with
BS.1610 and BS.1881 and that its testing machines are regularly checked and adjusted for
accuracy. Full details of the qualifications of all laboratory staff shall be required by the
Engineer.

Para (281) Reports of all tests made shall be supplied direct from the laboratory to the Engineer within
24 hours of the cubes being tested. The Engineer's Representative on site shall have the
authority to stop all further concrete work until acceptable test results are forthcoming.

Para (282) Records of Test Cubes - Up to date records shall be kept by the Contractor at the works of
positions in the Works of all batches of concrete, of their grade and of all test cubes, cores
or other specimens taken from them. Copies of these records shall be supplied to the
Engineer.

10.25. Changes in Materials or Mix Proportions

Para (283) Neither the mix proportions nor the source of supply of materials shall be altered without
the prior approval of the Engineer, except that the Contractor shall adjust the proportions of
the mix as required, to take account of permitted variations in the materials. Such approval
shall be s subject to the execution, to the Engineer's satisfaction, of trial mix procedures set
out herein.

10.26. Failure of Concrete to Meet Test Requirements

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Para (284) If the strength of the specimen is less than the appropriate specified minimum crushing
strength or if, in the opinion of the Engineer, the concrete fails to meet the specified
requirements in other respects, the concrete in that part of the Works of which it is a sample
shall be considered not to comply with the specified requirements.

Para (285) If the specified requirements have not been met, the Contractor shall take such remedial
action as may be required. Before proceeding with concreting, the Contractor shall submit
for the Engineer's approval details of the action proposed to ensure that the concrete to be
placed in the Works shall comply with the Specification.

10.27. Concrete Cores

Para (286) As and where directed by the Engineer, cylindrical core specimens shall be cut from the
hardened concrete in the Works for the purpose of examination and testing. The cutting
equipment and the method of doing the work shall be approved by the Engineer. Prior to
preparation for testing, the specimens shall be made available for examination by the
Engineer. Testing of the core shall be in accordance with approved standards.

10.28. Formwork

Para (287) Forms shall be designed and so constructed that the concrete can be properly placed and
thoroughly compacted and that the hardened concrete shall conform accurately to the
required shape, position and level, subject to the tolerances and standards of finish
specified. The design/drawings for shuttering shall be submitted to the Engineer for
approval before construction.

Para (288) When concrete is to be vibrated, special care shall be taken to maintain the stability of the
formwork and the tightness of the joints during vibrating operations.

Para (289) The material and position of any ties passing through the concrete shall be approved by the
Engineer. The whole or part of the tie shall be capable of being removed so that no part
remaining embedded in the concrete shall be nearer the surface of the concrete than the
specified thickness of cover to the reinforcement. Any holes left after the removal of ties
shall be filled, unless directed by the Engineer, with concrete or mortar of approved
composition.

Para (290) Where concrete is to be poured in successive lifts care shall be taken to ensure that the
formwork is set tightly against the concrete of the preceding lift to prevent the formation of
lips and loss of grout or liquid between the formwork and the concrete.

Para (291) The formwork shall be inspected and certified by the specialist regarding stability/safety.

10.29. Removal of Formwork

Para (292) All forms shall be removed without damage to the concrete. The use of mould oil or other
material to facilitate this shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer.

Para (293) Before soffit forms and props are removed the concrete shall be exposed by removal of the
side forms or otherwise as required by the Engineer, in order to ensure that it has
sufficiently hardened. The forms shall not be struck until the concrete has reached a cube
strength of at least twice the stress to which the concrete may be subject at the time of
striking. The formwork to vertical surfaces may be removed after 24 hours in normal
weather conditions (over 15 C).

Para (294) All form work for pits, ducts and holding down boltholes must be so constructed that it can
be easily collapsed to facilitate withdrawal after the initial set of the concrete.

Para (295) The Contractor's proposed method for the construction and fixing of the formwork for
bolthole pockets shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval before construction. The

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top of the shuttering shall be suitably covered to prevent entry of excess grout, materials
used for curing etc.

Para (296) Solid timber must not be used for forming holding down boltholes. Bolthole formers may
be made of plywood, expanded metal, polystyrene or other method approved by the
Engineer, who may require the Contractor to carry out a test pour, using the proposed
bolthole former. Minimum Period before Striking Formwork.

TYPE OF FORMWORK MINIMUM PERIOD


BEFORE STRIKING
OPC SRC
Vertical sides of beams, walls, columns, lift not 24 hours 36 hours
exceeding 1.2 m.
Vertical sides of beams, walls, columns, lift exceeding 1.2 36 hours 60 hours
m.
Soffit of main slabs and beams, (props left under) 7 days 8 days
Removal of props - beams and main slabs and other work 18 days 19 days
Cantilever beams and slabs 21 days 21 days

10.30. Finishes

Para (297) The Contractor shall state precisely on his plan which of the types of finishes described
hereunder he intends to use in the various locations. Any defective concrete finish will be
rejected. The Engineer may at his discretion order the defects to be cut out and made good.

Para (298) Plastering of defective concrete, as a means of making good will not be permitted, except
that in the case of minor porosity on the surface the Engineer may approve a surface
treatment by rubbing down with cement and sand mortar of the same richness as in the
concrete. This treatment shall be made immediately after removing the formwork.

10.31. Chamfers

Para (299) All exposed edges and exposed internal angles of concrete structures shall have chamfers of
minimum dimension 20 mm x 20 mm unless required by the design to have larger splays.

10.32. Formed Finishes to Concrete

Para (300) Type F.1 - This finish is for surfaces against which backfill or further concrete will be
placed. Formwork shall consist of sawn boards, sheet metal or any other suitable materials,
which will prevent the loss of grout when the concrete is vibrated.

Para (301) Type F.2 - This finish is for surfaces, which are normally exposed to view but where the
highest standard of finish is not required. Forms to provide Type F.2 finish will be faced
with wrought and thickened boards with square edges arranged in a uniform pattern.
Alternatively, plywood or metal panels may be used if they are free from defects likely to
detract from the general appearance of the finished surface. Joints between the boards and
panels shall be horizontal and vertical unless otherwise directed. This finish shall be such
as to require no general filling of surface pitting but fins, surface discolouration and other
minor defects shall be remedied by methods approved by the Engineer.

Para (302) Type F.3 - This finish is for surfaces prominently exposed to view where good appearance
and alignment are of special importance.

Para (303) To achieve this finish, which shall be free of board marks, the formwork shall be faced with
plywood or equivalent material in large sheets. The sheets shall be arranged to coincide
with architectural feature, cills, window heads or drainages in direction of the surface. All
joints between panels shall be vertical and horizontal unless otherwise directed. Suitable
joints shall be provided between sheets to maintain accurate alignment in the plane of the
sheets. Unfaced wrought boarding or standard steel panels will not be permitted for Type

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F.3 finish. Permanent forms shall be constructed of slabs or blocks or precast concrete,
natural stone, brickwork or other approved material as directed. Such slabs or blocks shall
have an exposed surface of the quality shown on the Drawings and as specified. They shall
be fixed to the structure by approved means and the joints between them shall be made tight
with mortar or other means of preventing leakage. The use of internal metal ties shall not
be allowed.

10.33. 10.33 Unformed Finishes to Concrete

Para (304) Type U.1 - This is a screeded finish for surfaces of foundations, beds, slabs and structural
members to be covered by backfills, subsequent stages of construction, bonded concrete,
topping or cement mortar beds to receive paving and on exposed surfaces or paving where
superior finish is not required. It is also the first stage for finishes U.2 and U.3. The
finishing operations shall consist of levelling and screeding the concrete to produce a
uniform plane or ridged surface, surplus concrete being struck off by straight edge
immediately after compaction.

Para (305) Type U.2 - This is a floated finish for surfaces of beds and slabs to receive mastic pavings
or block or tile pavings where a hard smooth steel-trowelled surface is not required.
Floating shall be done only after the concrete has hardened sufficiently and may be done by
hand or machine. Care shall be taken that the concrete is worked no more than is necessary
to produce a uniform surface free from screed marks.

Para (306) Type U.3 - This is a hard smooth steel-trowelled finish for surfaces of concrete pavings;
tops of walls; exposed surfaces of equipment foundations and in the vicinity of holding
down bolt chases; copings and other members exposed to weathering; surface beds and
slabs to receive thin flexible sheet and tile pavings bedded in adhesive and seating for
bearing plates and the like, where the metal is in direct contact with the concrete.
Trowelling shall not commence until the moisture film has disappeared and the concrete
has hardened sufficiently to prevent excess laitance from being worked to the surface. The
surface shall be trowelled under firm pressure and left free from trowel marks.

10.34. Surface Treatments

Para (307) Where concrete is to be treated with sodium silicate or a similar dust preventive coating,
this must be carried out within 14 days of the concreting of the foundation and be applied in
accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Para (308) All concrete surfaces in contact with Earth, including underside of foundations shall be
protected with a 4 mm thick SBS bituminous torch applied membrane with protection
installed as per manufacturer's detail and instruction.

10.35. Reinforcement
Para (309) Mild steel and high yield steel bars and steel fabric shall comply with relevant approved
standards. Foundation and substructure reinforcement shall be deformed bars. Test
certificates for each consignment delivered shall be supplied by the Contractor.

Para (310) Reinforcement shall be stored clear of the ground on sufficient supports to prevent
distortion of the bars. Mild steel and high tensile steel are to be stored separately.

Para (311) Reinforcement shall be bent cold by approved means to the dimensions shown on approved
bending schedules.

Para (312) All reinforcement shall be free from oil, grease, paint, dirt, loose scale or rust at the time of
concreting.

Para (313) Reinforcement shall be rigidly fixed in the positions shown on approved drawings, using
soft pliable annealed steel coated binding wire of 1.6 mm diameter, to prevent movement

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during concreting and to maintain the specified cover to bars. Chairs and concrete spacer
blocks shall be provided as required to achieve the designed bar arrangement.

Para (314) All exposed steel shall be protected from corrosive effects of humidity water and dust.

Para (315) All reinforcement having surface rust, which does not reduce the size of the bar, shall be
blast cleaned with proprietary grit immediately prior to concreting.

Para (316) Concrete cover to reinforcement shall be: -

All surfaces in contact with earth: 75 mm


Superstructure and internal surfaces: 40 mm

10.36. Testing of Reinforcement

Para (317) The Engineer shall have the right to select at any time samples of steel reinforcement for
testing in accordance with the relevant approved standard.

11. STRUCTURAL STEELWORK

11.1. Structural Steel

Para (318) Structural steel shall be of Grade 43 A in accordance with BS.4360 or an equivalent
approved standard and shall be fabricated from new sections unless otherwise specified and
agreed in writing by the Engineer.

11.2. Connections

Para (319) Shop connections shall generally be electric arc welded or bolted. Site connections shall be
bolted as shown on the drawings unless specifically approved by the Engineer.

11.3. Design

Para (320) The preparation of design calculations in accordance with the requirements of this
Specification shall include the computation of stresses in all structural components and
shall show how all loads are transferred to the foundations.

Para (321) Consideration shall be made in sizing members to eliminate excessive deflection or
vibration during service. Suitable stress reductions shall be applied to slender compression
members in accordance with BS.449 or equivalent approved standard.

11.4. Materials

Para (322) Samples of all materials shall be tested and copies of the test reports giving physical and
chemical properties issued to the Engineer for approval. These tests shall prove the
compliance of the material for the purpose intended in accordance with the approved
standard. Where tests are carried out by an independent laboratory, the source of origin of
the material shall be stated and if different sources of supply are contemplated, additional
tests shall be carried out. All materials shall be offered for inspection before and after
galvanization, prior to painting.

11.5. Cleaning and Zinc Coating

Para (323) The whole of the steelwork shall be blast cleaned to remove all rust, grease and mill-scale,
then zinc coated before despatch to site as follows:-

• Galvanising - Steel items to be galvanised shall be so treated after all cutting, drilling,
punching and removal of burrs has been carried out. Galvanising shall be applied by
the hot dip process and shall consist of zinc weighing not less than 610 g/sq.m of

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surface. The zinc coating shall be smooth, clean, of uniform thickness and free from
defects. The preparation for galvanising itself shall not adversely affect the mechanical
properties of the steel. The testing of the zinc coating on galvanised articles shall be
carried out in accordance with BS 729.

11.6. Painting

Para (324) All steel structures including galvanised elements shall be painted in accordance with the
specifications in the subsection for painting. The galvanised components shall be cleaned
and receive a coat of etch primer in lieu of blast cleaning prior to the application of the
specified paint system.

11.7. Bolts

Para (325) The bolts connecting galvanised members shall be hot dip galvanised, cadmium plated,
rust-proofed by some other approved process or of stainless steel.

11.8. Workmanship

Para (326) Fabrication and erection shall conform at all stages to the BS.444 or equivalent standard
approved by the Engineer.

11.9. Welding

Para (327) Welded construction shall be carried out in workshops under approved conditions by
experienced operators and where continuous supervision is exercised. Machine welding
will be allowed where approved machines are in use, correctly controlled by qualified
operators.

Para (328) Where the Engineer approves site welding, this shall not be done under weather or other
conditions, which might adversely affect the efficiency of the welding, and, where
necessary, effective protection and other safeguards, as shall be agreed with the Engineer,
shall be provided.

Para (329) Welding Procedure - Details of the proposed welding procedure accompanied by a diagram
showing the build-up of all main welds, together with the details of the manufacture,
classification, code and size of electrodes to be used, shall be submitted to the Engineer for
his approval.

Para (330) Welding shall be such that distortion is reduced to a minimum, and local distortion is
rendered negligible in the final structure.

Para (331) Butt welds in flange plates and/or web plates shall be completed before the flanges and
webs are welded together.

Para (332) Approval of the welding schedule and procedure shall not relieve the Contractor of his
responsibility for correct welding and for the minimising of distortion in the finished
structure.

Para (333) All welds shall be finished full and made with the correct number of runs, the welds being
kept free from slag and other inclusions, all adhering slag being carefully removed from the
exposed faces immediately after each run.

11.9.1. Fusion Faces

Para (334) Fusion faces, angle of bevel, root radius and the like shall be properly prepared to give the
approved weld forms. The fusion faces shall be carefully aligned and the correct gap and
alignment maintained during the welding operation. In the preparation of the fusion faces,
shearing shall be limited to metal thicknesses not greater than 8mm. All fusion faces shall

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be prepared by machining, or where approved, by the use of special flame cutting


apparatus. Faces shall be kept clean and protected.

11.9.2. Butt Welded Joints

Para (335) All main butt welds shall have complete penetration and, except on tubes where it is
impracticable, shall be welded from both sides, the back of the first run being suitably
gouged out.

Para (336) The ends of the welds shall have full throat thickness. This shall be obtained on all main
welds by use of extension pieces adequately secured on either side of the main plates.
Additional metal remaining after the removal of the extension pieces shall be removed by
machining, or by other approved means, and the ends and surfaces of the welds shall be
smoothly finished.

11.9.3. Intermittent Welds

Para (337) Intermittent weld shall not be permitted. All welds shall be continuous on both faces to
ensure a proper seal against ingress of corrosion.

11.9.4. Testing of Welding Operators

Para (338) Only welding operators who satisfy the appropriate tests shall be employed on welding.
Should an operator fail in a first test, two further tests shall be undertaken immediately and
the operator to qualify must satisfactorily pass both these tests.

12. WATERPROOFING

12.1. General

Para (339) The roof waterproofing shall comprise of 4 mm thick APP bitumen membrane with non-
woven polyester reinforcement of minimum 260 gm./sqm. torch applied laid over the
concrete cast to slopes with extruded polystyrene insulation board of minimum density 35
kg/cum , separation layer followed by mortar and concrete tiles.

Para (340) Areas of suspended slabs for toilet/kitchen shall be sunken and waterproofed with two
layers of 4 mm thick SBS modified bituminous membrane separated with minimum 50 mm
mortar to the Engineer's approval.

Para (341) For waterproofing of basements and underground tank the structures shall be designed to
the requirements of BS 8007 and tanked externally with 4 mm thick SBS modified
bituminous membranes having non-woven polyester reinforcement of minimum 260
gm.sqm. All other independent substructures shall be protected with two coats of bitumen
coating and protected with 1000 gauge polythene sheet. The membrane shall be protected
from damage during construction activities by a sand cement screed, protection board as
necessary.

Para (342) All components of the system shall be preferably obtained from a common source. The
application of the waterproofing system shall be carried out by manufacturer's standard
applicators strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Para (343) The waterproofing system shall be guaranteed for 10 years for material, workmanship and
other liabilities, which may be caused by leaks/failure of the system. The guarantee
provided by the Contractor shall be supported by roofing manufacturer's insurance
guarantee for a similar period.

12.2. Submittals

Para (344) The Contractor shall make the following submittals to the Engineer for approval: -

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• Manufacturers details/specifications for the material including the standard details for
terminations, penetrations, flashings and bonding together with the installation
procedures.

• Shop drawings indicating the side/end laps, and particular details for flashings and
drainage.

• Particulars of the applicator recommended by the manufacturer.

• Format of Guarantee.

12.3. Materials

12.3.1. Roofing Membrane

Para (345) A 4 mm thick APP bituminous reinforced membrane, reinforced with a minimum 260-g/sq.
m. stable non-woven polyester, finished on both sides with a macroperforated torch off
film allowing laying by torch. The laps are to be fully torched and seamed.

12.3.2. Separation Layer

Para (346) A 100 gm/sq.m. geotextile separation layer such as Terram, Typar, Bidin/equivalent.

12.3.3. Insulation Board

Para (347) The insulation boards to be used shall be extruded polystyrene, 35 Kg/m3 density.

12.3.4. Primer

Para (348) The primer to be used shall comply with all respect to ASTM D 41 and shall be applied at a
minimum rate of 250-300 g/sq.m.

12.3.5. Rainwater Outlets

Para (349) They shall consist of a prefabricated flange and a welded pipe, flange dimension exceeding
120 mm from edge of pipe opening. Pipe shall be of a diameter and a length adopted to the
roof condition. Outlets shall be PVC or aluminium to the Engineer's approval. All flanges
shall be primed on both faces before insertion in the roofing built-up. Bottom of the pipe
shall be sealed to the downpipe entry.

12.3.6. Mortar and Tiles

Para (350) Mortar and Tiles as specified in relevant subsection.

12.3.7. Waterproofing of Cable Basement, Oil/Water Tank, Septic Tank, etc.

Para (351) The basement shall be waterproofed using preformed SBS modified bituminous
membranes. The membrane below the structures shall be a minimum of 4mm thick and
shall be reinforced with non-woven polyester/fibre glass and shall have an anti-rupture
polyester film surfacing. The membrane shall be applied with a minimum of 150mm laps,
which shall subsequently be torched. The application shall follow the instructions given by
the manufacturer. Details of waterproofing at sleeves/cable entries shall be to Engineers
approval. Membrane in contract with backfill shall be protected against damages by
approved protection system i.e., protection board and/or screed, etc., depending on site
condition.

12.4. Workmanship

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12.4.1. Storage

Para (352) All materials shall be stored in dry area, out of direct sunlight and according to
manufacturer's instructions (correct rolls position, maximum load and stacking allowed).

Para (353) In the opinion of the Engineer, if the stored materials are damaged or otherwise rendered
unusable due to inadequate and poor storage, they shall be removed from site as instructed
and replaced at no extra cost to the Employer.

12.4.2. Installation

Para (354) The installation shall be by approved applicators and supervised by the manufacturer of the
waterproofing system.

Para (355) The tiles shall be laid on a bed of 4 cm thick cement sand mortar with appropriate
expansion joints.

12.5. Tests

Para (356) The roofing membrane shall be tested by flooding with water with a minimum 50 mm
height for 36 hours.

Para (357) The test shall be repeated after completion of tiling and related ancillary works.

13. METALWORK

Para (358) All metals and metalwork components whether fabricated on or off site shall conform to the
requirements of the relevant British Standards.

Para (359) Metalwork articles shall have a first class finish, and be free from scale, rust, damage or
other defects.

Para (360) Components shall be properly assembled and jointed in a neat and functional manner.
Welded connections shall be ground off as necessary to present a clean smooth finish
without detriment to the strength of the connection.

Para (361) Particular attention shall be given to the protection of metalwork from degradation caused
by the environment in which it is to be used. This shall be accomplished by galvanising,
surface coating or such other treatment suitable for the metalwork under consideration.

Para (362) Checker Plate - Checker plate trench covers to be mild steel of adequate thickness to suit
span and loading conditions; finished with a paint system specified for steel structures in
the subsection for painting in light grey colour.

Para (363) Tubular Hand railing - Where used shall be 42.4 mm outside diameter and minimum 4
mm thick. Handrails and standards shall be hot-dip galvanised and painted as per relevant
subsection of the specification. A 10mm thick, 150mm high kick plate shall be fixed to the
standards.

Para (364) Ladders - Access ladders/stairs are to be galvanised mild steel and shall comply with the
requirements of BS 4211.

Para (365) Aluminium - Aluminium alloy shall be of a composition applicable to the function of the
finished product and conform to BS 1470, or BS 1474.

Para (366) The aluminium components shall be left with a plain mill finish or with a plated,
enamelled, lacquered, polyester powder coated or anodised finish as required under the
Contract.

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Para (367) Aluminium Windows, Doors, Screens and Louvres - Extruded box profiles for door,
window, or screen frame sections shall have an average wall thickness of not less than
1.8mm. Aluminium sections shall be compatible with approved ironmongery.

Para (368) Glazing beads, hinges, and other fittings shall be designed to match 'en suite' with the main
frame profiles.

Para (369) Frame corners shall be mitred and coupled together with solid aluminium corner blocks and
sealed and secured by pressure crimping.

Para (370) Mechanical joints shall be field caulked on the inside prior to installation.

Para (371) Welded joints shall be made in the factory and finished smooth and flush.

Para (372) Aluminium door, window or screen frames shall be 'non-structural' in terms of the fabric of
the main building.

Para (373) The frames shall be so designed as to place no reliance on the glass to provide rigidity to the
assembled components.

Para (374) All framing, glazing and structural elements in connection with windows, doors and screens
shall be capable of withstanding the wind loads specified.

Para (375) Aluminium sections shall be polyester powder coated or in colours to be selected. Average
thickness of polyester powder coating shall be 40 microns.

Para (376) Steel Doors - Steel doors shall be of standard manufacture approved by the Engineer. The
doors shall be manufactured in accordance to BS 6510 or equivalent approved standard
except for fire rated doors which shall comply with the requirements of NFPA 80.

Para (377) The doors shall be insulated and protected by galvanising and application of epoxy paint
system to the approval of DEWA.

Para (378) Other Materials - Materials not herein fully specified and which may be offered for use in
the Works shall be first class quality and of such kind as is generally used in first class
work. The Engineer shall have the right to determine whether all or any of the materials
offered or delivered for use in the works are suitable for the purpose.

14. BLOCKWORK

14.1. Cement

Para (379) Cement shall be of a quality as described in the section for Concrete. The clause in that
section referring to cement storage shall also apply.

14.2. Sands and Aggregates

Para (380) Fine and coarse aggregates for forming blocks shall be aggregates from neutral sources of
hard durable material or other approved, free from deleterious substances.

14.3. Concrete Blocks

Para (381) Precast concrete blocks shall be in accordance with BS 6073 and shall have a compressive
strength of 7N/sq. mm average for 10 blocks calculated on the gross area of block.
Minimum strength of individual block 6N/sq.mm. Blocks must be thoroughly cured before
laying.

14.4. Mortar for Blockwork

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Para (382) Mortar for use with blockwork shall be mixed in proportions appropriate to the strength and
permeability of the building block used and to the degree of exposure of the finished work.
Mortar shall be mixed mechanically. The ingredients shall be mixed thoroughly in the
required proportions, first dry and then with the addition of water until a uniform colour and
suitable consistency is obtained. The mortar shall be used within 2 hours of the addition of
the mixing water and any mortar not then used shall be discarded.

Para (383) Cement for mortar shall comply with the requirement of BS 12 and sand shall be naturally
occurring type complying with BS 1200. Plasticisers shall be added to mortars only after
Engineer has approved its use in writing and shall be used in accordance with the
recommendations of the manufacturer.

14.5. Jointing

Para (384) External wall faces shall be joined with an approved joint, faces of walls which are to be
plastered or rendered shall have their joints raked out to form key. All other wall faces and
partitions shall be flush jointed. All jointing shall be completed with pointing as the work
proceeds.

14.6. Block Laying

Para (385) All blocks shall be kept damp during building and shall be laid on a full bed of mortar. All
joints shall be completely filled with mortar. Sealed movement joints shall be formed where
necessary. The installation shall be as per BS 5628.

Para (386) Blockwork shall be built in a uniform manner in truly level courses and truly vertical or
battered. Corners and other advanced work shall be racked back and not raised above the
general level more than one metre. Toothing shall be used only where provision has to be
made for a future extension.

Para (387) Where so described or directed, reveals and piers, together with air bricks, fixing bricks for
jointer's other work and other relevant items shall be built in as the work progresses.

Para (388) Walls shall be constructed with an approved mesh reinforcement every second course.

Para (389) Cavity wall shall be constructed with cavity of 50-75mm in width.

Para (390) Wall ties shall be laid sloping downwards towards the exterior. The ties shall be spaced at
900 mm horizontally and 450 mm vertically, or equivalent to suit the block sizes.

Para (391) Additional wall ties shall be provided at the sides of openings every 300 mm vertically for
brick and 200 mm vertically for block.

Para (392) Weep holes shall be built into the external skin of cavity walls in the form of sand filled
vertical joints at 1 m centres and are to be raked out on completion. Weep holes shall be
placed over all lintels, dpc or other significant obstructions to the cavity.

Para (393) Where shown on the drawings and at the jambs of all openings hollow concrete blocks shall
be filled with weak concrete, well tamped down and carried from base slab to top of such
openings.

Para (394) Where the blocks abutt reinforced concrete columns and where indicated elsewhere, the
blocks shall be tied to the columns every second course by means of approved galvanised
ties fixed to the columns.

Para (395) Holes and chases shall be cut out or left in the walls as required and provision shall be made
for making good to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

Para (396) All cavity walls shall be filled with approved insulation (polyurethane or equivalent).

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Para (397) On completion, all blockwork shall be cleaned down and mortar dropping and other marks
removed. Defective blocks or workmanship shall be made good.

14.7. Protection Against Damage

Para (398) Architectural features, finishes, surfaces and quoins shall be protected against damage
during the progress of the works. Sills, jambs and heads shall be protected by casings as
soon as built.

14.8. Precautions During Inclement Weather

Para (399) Newly laid blockwork shall be protected from the harmful effects of the sunshine, rain,
drying wind, running or surface water and shocks. Any work that may be damaged shall be
taken out as directed and pointed out by the Engineer. Any costs incurred in carrying out
such remedial work shall be borne by the Contractor.

14.9. Damp Proof Course

Para (400) A damp proof course of fibre based bitumen sheeting complying with BS 6398 shall be laid
under walls above ground level so as to exclude rising moisture.

15. FLOORLAYING

15.1. Screeded Beds

Para (401) Concrete floors which are required to be surfaced with screed shall have a roughened
surface, produced by hacking and wire brushing. The roughened concrete floor shall be
cleaned, wetted preferably overnight, the surplus water removed and 1:1 cement/sand grout
brushed into the surface, keeping just ahead of the screeded bed. The screeded bed shall be
80 mm minimum thick and shall be well compacted and levelled with a screeding board
and steel trowelled smooth. If the screed is the finished surface it should be treated with an
approved silicate of soda solution hardener to prevent dusting.

Para (402) The screed shall be mixed in the proportions of 1:2:4 (cement, sand, 10 mm crushed
aggregate) by volume with the minimum quantity of water necessary to give a good hard
smooth, steel trowelled finish. The section hereof concerning concrete applies.

Para (403) The screed is s to be divided into 3 M x 3 M panels (approximately 9 sqm. in area) by
brass divider strips.
15.2. Waterproofing of Gate House, Pump House, Staff Accommodations, Compound Wall,
etc.

Para (404) The substructure shall be protected by an approved bituminous water proofing membrane.
Similar membrane shall be placed on blinding concrete under the concrete floor slabs on
grade, if any. The membrane shall be a minimum of 1.5mm thick and be of the self
adhesive type. The membranes below floor slab shall be protected from damage during
construction activities by a sand-cement screed. The membrane shall be taken up the walls
and lapped with DPC to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

15.3. Protection
Para (405) All floor finishes shall be protected from damage by following trades and other causes and
any damage, howsoever caused, shall be made good by the Contractor at his own expense
to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

15.4. Defects

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Para (406) Floor finishes will be rejected if they prove to be defective, due to cracking, crazing,
curling, uneven surfaces, or lack of adhesion. Rejected floors shall be replaced at the
Contractor's expense to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

15.5. Terrazzo Floors

Para (407) Terrazzo floors shall be formed with 300 x 300 x 30 mm hydraulically pressed terrazzo tiles
complying with the requirements of BS 4131. The precast terrazzo tiles and skirtings shall
be formed with a (1:2 1/2) mix of white or tinted Porland Cement and granular marble
chippings for the topping (wearing layer) set on cement and sand backing (1:4) mix and
shall be obained from an approved manufacturer.

Para (408) The tiles shall be cast in heavy steel moulds under pressure. The thickness of topping
(wearing layer) shall not be less than 10 mm.

Para (409) Precast terrazzo skirtings of size 300 x 100 x 30 mm shall be with chamfered top edge and
produced in the same proportions and mixes as terrazzo tiles.

Para (410) Grinding shall be done wet by means of a No. 80 carborundum stone. Filling shall be
carried out with a neat cement grout of the same colour as the facing mix and this shall be
worked into the surface with a wooden scraper to fill all voids and air holes. Surplus grout
shall be removed with a dry cloth. After minimum period of 24 hours, polishing shall be
carried out wet by means of a No. 140 carborundum stone.

15.6. PVC Flooring

Para (411) PVC flooring shall be flexible 300 mm square minimum 2.5 mm thick PVC tiles
complying with the requirements of BS 3261 obtained from an approved manufacturer.
PVC vinyl asbestos tiles will not be accepted. The tiles shall be laid by a specialist and the
jointing layout is to be approved by the Engineer. A matching PVC cove-type skirting is to
be used in conjunction with the floor tiles. The tiles and skirting shall be laid on a flat,
clean screed, in strict accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

15.7. Ceramic Floor Tiles

Para (412) Vitrified ceramic floor tiles and fittings shall comply with the requirements of BS 6431 and
have a maximum water absorption of 0.4%. The sizes and colour of the tiles shall be to the
Engineers approval.

Para (413) The tiles shall be laid on granolithic screed using approved tile adhesive in accordance to
the requirements of BS 5385. The joints in the tiles shall be grouted with approved water
proof tile grout.

15.8. Raised flooring

Para (414) The flooring shall consist of 600 x 600 mm removable floor panels supported on a
removable stringer floor system. This shall consist of floor panels supported continuously
on all four edges on easily removable snap-on metal stringers supported on steel adjustable
pedestals or supports.

Para (415) The floor finish of the panels shall be hard print laminate to a core material of high density
processed timber protected against humidity, rotting and fire and shall not be less than 38
mm thick. (not including floor covering), seated in a 0.9 mm galvanised steel tray. The
panel shall be edged with a rigid PVC lipping to all four sides. The lipping shall be planed
to finish flush with the surface covering.

Para (416) The under side, and all four edges of each panel shall be protected to “class 1” surface
spread of flame in accordance with the fire rating requirements of BS476, part 7.

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Para (417) The floor system shall be suitable for a uniformly distributed floor loading of 24KN/m2
capable of supporting a point load of 5KN on a 25mm square anywhere on the panel
surface, with the deflection produced not exceeding 2.00 mm when measured from
immediately below the load area or the equipment load whichever is higher.

Para (418) The assembled floor system shall be reasonably rigid in all direction and be capable of
withstanding, without sway or collapse, a seismic force in any horizontal direction of 0.07g.

Para (419) A separate structure under the equipment to totally relieve the floor panels of high point
loads to be provided.

Para (420) All pedestals shall be mechanically fixed(with atleast two screwsdiagonally opposite ) to
the sub-floor using an approved fixing device. The sub-floor to be left in a flat, smooth and
dust free condition.

15.9. Alkali/Acid Resistant Floor Tiles

Para (421) Fully vitrified ceramic floor tiles and fittings shall comply with BS.6431 with a maximum
water absorption of 0.3%. Sizes and colour of tiles shall be to the Engineer’s approval.

Para (422) Colours shall be uniform throughout.

Para (423) Where required to be non-slip the surface of the tiles shall incorporate a silicon carbide.

Para (424) Tiles for flooring shall have a matt finish.

Para (425) The workmanship for tiles shall be similar to ceramic tiles except that the tiles shall be laid
on chemical resistant mortar in accordance to ASTM-C-287-71. The pointing of tiles shall
be carried out using compatible chemical grouts applied to the recommendation of the
approved manufacture.

15.10. Epoxy Resin Mortar Screed

Para (426) Solvent free epoxy resin mortar screed shall comprise a 3 component system of epoxy
resin, hardner and mineral aggregates. The materials shall be of reputed manufacture such
as Feb - Endurafloor EP, Cormix Durafloor EF10, Fosroc Nitofloor TF5000 or equivalent
approved.

Para (427) The screed shall be laid in panels above sound concrete substrata which shall be free of
defects and loose delaminating material. The surface shall be acid etched to remove surface
laitances and provide a rough texture suitable for bonding of the screed.

Para (428) The acid etched concrete surface shall be washed to remove all acid residue and allowed to
dry before application of primer. Screed shall be laid on tacky primer strictly in conformity
to the instructions of the approved manufacturer.

Para (429) The screed shall be laid by an approved applicator and shall be finished to a minimum
thickness and sealed.

15.11. Surface Hardener/Dust Proofer

Para (430) Materials for treating the concrete surface which will not receive any subsequent finishes
shall comprise of a epoxy based sealer and hardner.The materials which the contractor
proposes to use shall be subject to Engineers approval and the application shall be strictly in
accordance with the manufacturers instructions.

15.12. Skirtings

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Para (431) Unless otherwise indicated the skirtings shall be of the same material as the floor finish and
to the satisfaction of the Engineer. It shall achieve a satisfactory appearance and provide
protection against scuff marks.

16. CARPENTRY AND JOINERY

16.1. Timber

Para (432) Timber for carpenter's or joiner's work shall be of approved quality and in general shall be
teakwood. All timber shall be subject to inspection by the Engineer, piece by piece, both
before and after finishing. The Contractor shall provide all necessary labour and facilities
for the inspection of timber.

16.2. Preservative

Para (433) Where instructed, timber shall be treated with an approved preservative against rot, termite
attack and fire spread. The backs of frames to be fixed to walls and all other bedding
surfaces shall be painted 2 coats preservative before painting and fixing. All fixing blocks,
pallets and other hidden timber shall be so treated prior to fixing.

16.3. Workmanship

Para (434) The quality of workmanship shall be of approved standard. All carpenter's work shall be
left "from the saw" unless other- wise described or directed. All joiner's work shall be
wrought and finished with a clean, even smooth surface.

16.4. Faults

Para (435) Any Carpenter's or joiner's work which shrinks, splits, fractures, parts in the joints or shows
any other defect shall be removed or replaced to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

16.5. Builder's Ironmongery

Para (436) All necessary builder's ironmongery shall be obtained from a single source approved by the
Engineer and shall be provided and fixed into position in the best manner by the Contractor.
The ironmongery shall be heavy duty types of reputed manufacture such as Modric, Dorma,
Union, or equivalent as approved by the Engineer.

Para (437) Ironmongery for doors, windows shall include but not be limited to hinges, pull handles,
push plates, kick plates, knobs, lock and lever sets, door closers, door stops, flush bolts,
panic bolts and latches, etc., as appropriate and approved by the Engineer.

Para (438) The locks shall be linked to DEWA's existing masterkey system and the details of grand
and sub masterkey shall be discussed and agreed with the Employer.

Para (439) The ironmongery items shall be compatible with the composition of doors and windows.
The installation for fire rated doors shall also be fire rated.

17. GLAZING

17.1. General

Para (440) The type of materials and nominal thickness of glass shall be as shown on the Drawings or
otherwise directed by the Engineer and generally in accordance with B.S. 952. The glass
for the doors and window panels adjoining the doors shall be tempered/toughened.

Para (441) The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for approval samples of glass and glazing
components he proposes to incorporate into the Works.

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Para (442) The Contractor shall replace all cracked or broken glass and clean all glazing on both sides
and all mirrors prior to handing over.

17.2. Clear Glass

Para (443) Clear float sheet glass, where required, shall be 6mm thick and of an approved make.

17.3. Wired Glass

Para (444) Wired glass shall be either wired cast glass or polished wired glass with 12.5mm square
wire mesh 0.5mm in diameter or hexagonal wired cast glass with 23 mm hexagonal wire
mesh 0.5mm in diameter.

17.4. Tinted Glass

Para (445) Tinted glass shall be body tinted and solar control type. It shall be minimum 6 mm thick
and shall have the required colour and thickness generally in conformity with BS 952. The
colour of glass shall be uniform throughout and be subject to Engineer's approval. All
tinted glass shall be tempered. Each individual glass shall have tempered seal embossed.
Glass shall be fixed with UV protected sealant.

18. PAINTING

18.1. Paint

Para (446) Paints for priming, undercoating and finishing shall be ready mixed paints of the best
quality for the intended use and comply with relevant standards. All paints shall be obtained
from an approved manufacturer who shall certify that the paint is suitable for the intended
purpose.

Para (447) All components of a paint system including different coating material shall be obtained
from the manufacturer for the system being used.

Para (448) The abrasive cleaning material, knotting, fillers, spirits and other ancillary materials shall be
as recommended by the paint manufacturer or BS 6150.

Para (449) The primers and undercoats where applicable, shall also comply with the requirements of
the manufacturer of the paint system. All paints shall be obtained from manufacturers to be
approved by the Engineer

18.2. Emulsion Paints

Para (450) High quality pure acrylic Copolymer based washable emulsion paint containing fungicides
to prevent fungus growth for internal or external surfaces used along with compatible
primer applied as recommended by the manufacturers from Hempel, Jotun, National Paints
or equivalent to the approval of DEWA.

Para (451) A high quality water resistant paint in black colour shall be applied to all concrete surfaces
above suspended ceiling.

18.3. Oil Paints

Para (452) Best quality high gloss Alkyd based enamel paint with compactible primer resistant to
corrosion, water, fungus, etc., applied strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's
recommendations. The paint shall be sourced from Hempel, Jotun, National Paint or other
equivalent to the approval of DEWA.

18.4. Painting of external surfaces

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Para (453) External textured coating consisting of light textured acrylic Copolymer based emulsion
primer coat followed by spray applied acrylic emulsion based texture compound topped
with two coats of high quality two component polyurethane isocyanite cured paint giving a
high glossy and colour stable surface, carried out strictly as recommended by the paint
manufacturers. The system used shall be from Jotun, Hempel, National Paints or any other
equivalent to the approval of DEWA.

18.5. Wood Finishes

Para (454) These shall be applied according to the finish schedule and be of a type compatible with the
required location to BS 6150, Table 6.

18.6. Bituminous Paints

Para (455) Where required by the drawings these shall comply with the requirements of BS 1070 or
BS 3416 as necessary.

18.7. Workmanship

18.7.1. Storage

Para (456) Materials shall generally be ordered in quantities and containers sized to suit the extent of
work and to prevent deterioration of residual quantities in opened containers.

Para (457) Materials shall be stored to the manufacturers recommendations, but generally in cool, dry
conditions protected from direct sunlight.

18.7.2. Generally

Para (458) Prepare surfaces and apply contents in accordance with Section 5 of BS 6150 and to the
manufacturers instructions. A brief summary of procedures is given hereunder and the BS
6150 clause referred to.

18.7.3. Ironmongery and Fittings

Para (459) Remove ironmongery and other removable fittings and replace when decorating is
complete.

18.7.4. Preparation of Surfaces

Para (460) All surfaces shall be made sound, clean, dry and free from deleterious materials.

18.7.5. Preparation of Paints

Para (461) Do not use any decorating materials unless obtained in containers marked with
manufacturers name and relevant information such as pot life and mixing instructions. Stir,
mix or otherwise prepare as recommended by the manufacturer or directed by the Engineer.

18.7.6. Conditions of Applications

Para (462) All coatings may only be applied under conditions of cleanliness, temperature and humidity
which meet the manufacturers requirements and to the satisfaction of the Engineer.
18.7.7. Application of Paint

Para (463) The method of applying the coatings shall be approved by the Engineer for each material
and nature of the work. All primers to wood and metal shall be brush applied.

Para (464) When spraying, the Contractor shall ensure that overspray mist, rebound or drift does not
cause a nuisance to others or permanent damage to the Works.

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18.7.8. 18.7.8 Re-Priming

Para (465) Any components that have deteriorated or damaged priming that was applied before
delivery to site shall be re-primed to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

18.7.9. Undercoats

Para (466) A different shade of undercoat shall be used for each layer.

18.8. Specific Surface Coatings

18.8.1. Woodwork

Para (467) All timber required to be built into, bedded or fixed against brickwork, masonry or concrete
shall be given two priming coats and one undercoat on the concealed surfaces.

Para (468) All woodwork required to be painted shall be knotted, primed, stopped and painted with
two undercoats and one finishing coat.

Para (469) Hardwood which is not required to be painted shall be made perfectly smooth, prepared and
oiled twice with linseed oil.

Para (470) Alternatively, it shall be stained and wax polished, or treated with two coats of an approved
varnish.

18.8.2. Iron and Steel Work

Para (471) All materials and workmanship shall generally comply with the requirements of BS 5493
for exterior exposed polluted coastal atmosphere.

Para (472) The whole of the steelwork shall be prepared for galvanising and painting by an approved
blast cleaning method using clean abrasive grit. All rust, grease, mill scale and harmful
matter shall be removed. The surface shall be blast cleaned to one of the following: -
• Swedish Standard Sa 2 ½ SIS 05 5900
• U.S. Standard near white finish SSPC-SP-10-63T

Para (473) The painting system shall comprise of: -

• 2-component inorganic zinc silicate primer 75 micron DFT


• 2-component polyamide cured epoxy with natural micceous iron oxide 100 micron
DFT
• 2-component polyurethane finishing coat - 40 micron DFT.

Para (474) On completion of erection works, the damaged areas shall be repaired as specified above
and one additional coat of the top coat paint shall be applied.

Para (475) All primers and paints shall be standard proprietary products manufactured by an approved
supplier. The application of paint shall be in complete conformity to manufacturers'
recommendations and shall be guaranteed for a typical time to first maintenance of 10 years
or more in accordance with BS 5493.
Para (476) Each coat of paint shall be different in colour.

Para (477) Any damaged paintwork shall be cleaned down and re-treated, to the same state as the
original before further paint coats are applied.

Para (478) The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer full details of the protective system to be used
for review. All manufacturer's data, instructions and recommendations related to the
system shall be submitted for the Engineer's approval.

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Para (479) Protection for galvanised steel: Epoxy polyamide cured primer (solids by volume 50% to
60%) followed by epoxy polyamide cured high build (solids by volume 50% to 60%) under
coat topped with a two component polyurethane isocyanite cured paint with excellent
colour and gloss retention properties and resistant to abrasion, impact, chemical attacks,
corrosion, etc., applied strictly in accordance with the paint manufacturer's
recommendations from Hempels, Jotun, National Paint or other equivalent to the approval
of DEWA. The DFT remains same as specified above.

18.8.3. General

Para (480) All work shall be properly cleaned and prepared in a way, and using materials,
recommended by the manufacturers of the paints concerned. No coat shall be commenced
until the Engineer has passed the previous coat as dry, hard and satisfactory. Each coat
shall be of a distinct colour from the preceding one and all colours shall be approved by the

Para (481) Engineer. All paint shall be applied in accordance with the maker's recommendations and
shall not contain more than a minimum quantity of thinners or dispersers to permit the
satisfactory application of the paint. Spray painting will not be permitted except for internal
faces of walls and ceiling. All other paint shall be thoroughly brushed into and completely
cover the surface.

19. DRAINAGE AND DUCTS

19.1. Codes of Practice

Para (482) All drainage shall be in accordance with the following Codes of Practice: BS 6367 and
BS 8301.

19.2. Pipes

Para (483) Drain pipes shall be vitrified clay pipes and fittings of approved manufacture jointed with
sleeves or sockets, or UPVC pipes complying with BS 4514, 4660 or 5481, equivalent
standard as the case may be.

19.3. Ducts

Para (484) Cable ducts may be U.P.V.C, concrete, or other material approved by the Engineer and
obtained from an approved manufacturer.

19.4. General

Para (485) All drains and cable ducts shall be laid in straight lines and regular gradients as described or
directed. Great care shall be exercised in setting out and determining the level of the drains.
All drains shall be kept clear from earth, debris, superfluous cement and other obstructions
during and after laying.

19.5. Concrete Beds and Casings

Para (486) Concrete beds and casings to drain pipes and cable ducts under roads shall be of weak
concrete and of 150 mm minimum thickness. Elsewhere the pipes and ducts shall be laid
on and surrounded with approved granular material.

19.6. Testing

Para (487) After completion, drains shall be subjected to an air test or water test, in which a pressure
equal to 150 mm of water is to be applied for a period of five minutes without dropping
below 125 mm head. Any defects revealed shall be made good at the Contractor's expense.
The tests shall be conducted as per BS 5572.

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19.7. Cable Ducts

Para (488) After the cable ducts have been completed, a cleaning rod shall be drawn through each duct
and a No. 8 gauge galvanised iron fishing-wire drawn in after the rod. The ends of the ducts
shall be plugged with a wooden plug and the fishing-wires left in the ducts.

Para (489) Cable entries into buildings shall be completely sealed around cables to prevent the entry of
vermin, water, dust, etc, using suitable cable transit.

19.8. Manholes

Para (490) Galvanised malleable cast iron step irons are to be provided and built in as work proceeds.

19.9. Manhole Covers

Para (491) Manhole covers shall comply with BS 497 all manhole covers shall be double seal heavy
duty.

20. WALL AND CEILING FINISHES

20.1. Plaster and Rendering Materials

20.1.1. Cement

Para (492) Cement shall comply with the requirements of BS12 or as approved by the Engineer. All
cement to be obtained from one source.

20.1.2. Sand

Para (493) Sand shall comply with the requirements of BS 1199 or 1200.

20.1.3. Plaster

Para (494) Internal plaster shall be retarded semihydrate gypsum-plaster to class B of BS 1191 or
anhydrous gypsum-plaster to class C, premixed from approved manufacturers.

Para (495) Internal plaster in basement, pump house and IBT areas only shall be with cement mortar
1:4 with a water proofing agent added to the mix to the Engineer's approval.

Para (496) External plaster shall be with cement, mortar 1:4 with a waterproofing agent added to the
mix to the Engineer's approval.

20.1.4. Water

Para (497) Water shall comply with the requirements of sub-section Concrete.

20.1.5. Lathing
Para (498) Expanded metal lathing shall comply to the requirements of BS1369 or BS405.

20.1.6. Bonding Agents

Para (499) Polyvinyl acetate emulsion type bonding agents shall comply with BS 5270.

20.2. Workmanship

20.2.1. General

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Para (500) Plastering shall be carried out to the requirements of BS 5492 and rendering to BS 5262.

20.2.2. Storage

Para (501) Cement and plaster shall all be delivered to site in the manufacturer's sealed bags or
containers. They shall be stored in a dry, weatherproof area clear of the ground.

20.2.3. Mixing

Para (502) The plaster mix proportions shall be those as directed by the Engineer, selected from trial
mixes and panels to be carried out by the Contractor.

Para (503) All mixing shall be carried out in a clean mechanical mixer or other approved vessel.

Para (504) All undercoats shall be scored to provide a key for the finish coats.

20.2.4. Lathing

Para (505) Metal lathing shall be fixed with galvanised nails or staples or to the manufacturer's
instructions and to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

20.2.5. Bonding Agents

Para (506) Where required or as directed by the Engineer, these shall be applied in strict accordance
with the manufacturer's recommendations.

20.2.6. Preparation of Backgrounds

Para (507) Backgrounds for plasterwork shall be prepared by carefully brushing to remove dust and
other adherent particles of any other material likely to impair the bond of the undercoat with
the structure. If undue suction occurs on the background surface, this shall be sprinkled
with water to prevent drying the applied plaster.

Para (508) Joints of blockwork which is to be plastered or rendered shall be raked out to a depth of 13
mm.

20.2.7. Interaction of Materials

Para (509) In no circumstances shall cement be used in the same mix as gypsum plaster, nor shall the
two materials be allowed to contaminate each other. Any materials inadvertently
contaminated shall be rejected from the site.

20.2.8. Inspection

Para (510) Any and all defects shall be made good to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

Para (511) Upon completion of plastering and rendering works the Contractor shall clear away and
clean up any splashes, drippings etc.

20.2.9. Curing

Para (512) Cement and plaster shall be kept moist by sprinkling with water at regular intervals for a
period of at least three days and until no powdery particles are present, to the satisfaction of
the Engineer. Gypsum plasters do not require curing. All external rendering shall be
protected from rain and direct sun for a period of 7 days.

20.2.10. Cement Wash

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Para (513) The cement wash to fairfaced blockwork shall be well rubbed or bagged into the surface of
the blocks in order to produce an overall smooth surface.

20.2.11. Workmanship Generally

Para (514) All proprietary brands of plaster or plastering materials in this specification shall be
selected and applied strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions regarding
the different purposes and backgrounds for which they are intended. Particular attention
shall be paid to the manufacturers instructions regarding the time allowed to elapse between
mixing and using.

Para (515) The plastering shall be carried out by men experienced in this type of work and the whole
of the work shall be finished to a true and even surface, free from all defects. Any cracks or
other defects shall be cut out and made good.

20.3. Wall Tiles

20.3.1. Materials

Para (516) Wall tiles shall be fully vitrified ceramic tiles and fittings complying with the requirements
of BS 6431 and having a maximum water absorption of 0.4%. The sizes and colour of the
tiles shall be to the Engineer's approval.

Para (517) The tiles shall be true to shape, flat and free from flaws, cracks and crazing.

Para (518) The tiles and the fittings shall be obtained from the same manufacturer.

20.3.2. Workmanship

Para (519) The floated coat shall consist of 13 mm thick waterproof plaster; it shall be finished with a
woodfloat. The Contractor shall ensure that the floated coat is plumb and free from all
unevenness. Sufficient time for complete drying shrinkage shall be allowed to elapse
between the completion of the floated coat and the start of tiling.

Para (520) The work shall be properly set out to the Engineer's satisfaction. The height of tile courses
shall be set out properly by means of a tiling rod; all tiles and joints shall be accurately
aligned, both vertically and horizontally. Joints between the tiles shall be 2mm wide or as
recommended by the tile manufacturer. Continuous expansion joints shall be made at all
internal wall angles.

Para (521) All tiles shall be dipped in water to ensure that they are completely clean prior to the
application of the ceramic tile fix. All tiles shall be immersed in water in clean containers
for at least half an hour before use. Tiles shall then be stacked lightly together on a clean
surface to drain with the end tiles turned glaze outwards. They shall be fixed as soon as all
surface water has gone - they must not be allowed to dry out more than this.

Para (522) The rendered backing for tiling shall be clean and will be wetted (just enough to prevent it
from absorbing water from the fixing bed) immediately prior to tiling. The tiling shall be
bedded in Ceramic Tile fix or similar tile adhesive which shall be trowelled on to the wall
with a plasterer's trowel having 6mm x 6 mm notches at 25 mm centres; the tiles shall be
tapped or pressed into position to a true plane.

Para (523) Approximately two days after the fixing of the tiles, all joints shall be pointed with
approved tile grout; the finish shall be flush and free from all voids and irregularities.

Para (524) All wall faces shall be finished plumb and flush throughout, free from unevenness and
irregularities of plane; all angles shall be straight and true. The finished work shall be left
clean and free from all materials; cleaning down must not be carried out with materials
which will scratch or in any way impair the finished work. Final polishing shall be done

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with a dry cloth. The Contractor shall be responsible for the adequate protection of the
tiling from all damage until the handing over. Any damage which does occur shall be made
good by the Contractor at his own expense. The whole of the work shall be left in a state
satisfactory to the Engineer.

20.3.3. Acid Resistant Tiles

Para (525) The workmanship for tiles shall be similar to the ceramic wall and floor tiles except that the
tiles shall be laid on chemical resistant mortar which shall comprised of sulphur mortar in
accordance to ASTM-C 287-71. The pointing of tiles shall be carried out using compatible
chemical grouts applied to the recommendations of the approved manufacturer.

20.4. Plasterwork

Para (526) Undercoats for external plaster shall consist of Portland Cement, and sand gauged in the
proportions 1:3. The undercoat shall be keyed to take the finishing coat and allowed to dry
out completely before the latter is applied. The total thickness of two coats shall not be less
than 15 mm.

Para (527) Internal surfaces shall be plastered to a minimum thickness of 15 mm. work shall be carried
out as per recommendations of the manufacturer.

20.5. Suspended Ceilings

Para (528) Horizontal suspended ceilings where provided shall generally be of mineral fibre type of
approved manufacture. 600 x 600 mm square modular panels made of incombustible
material and fixed in an exposed T grid. The boards shall be of self-finished type. The
ceilings shall be accurately aligned to levels. The suspension shall not be supported on any
other fixture commonly supporting other services such as air

Para (529) conditioning ducts, cable trays etc. and adequate clearance shall be maintained for
installation of light fittings.

Para (530) The panels shall be secured with locking clips to the grid. The visible face of the panels
shall have a self-finished surface.

Para (531) The exposed T grid shall be aluminium adequately supported from the RC roof slab above,
on adjustable straps and hangers as required.

Para (532) At perimeter walls and columns the grid shall be neatly trimmed with angle trimmers.

Para (533) If required, for air-conditioning purposes, slots or grilles will be incorporated in the ceiling
grid system. These shall be neatly formed and edged in material matching the grid.

Para (534) In other areas where required and shown on the drawings, the ceiling shall be made airtight
at individual panel supports and at junction of ceilings and walls.

Para (535) Other equal and approved insulating material and methods of fixings may be used subject to
the Engineer's prior approval.
Para (536) The Tenderer shall specify the type and manufacture of his proposals for the above ceilings,
in the Schedule included in the document.

Para (537) Samples of materials shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval before ordering.

Para (538) high quality water resistant paint in black colour similar to Hempanol from Hempel or
equivalent shall be applied to all concrete surfaces above suspended ceiling.

20.6. Finishes Generally

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Civil Works for 132 kV Substations 1.5.3.1.0.01-Rev.10

Para (539) All finishes are to be of high quality and all proprietary finishes and treatments are to be to
the approval of the Engineer and applied accordance with the manufacturers instructions.

Para (540) The following table lists the required building finishes to the various areas:-

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Civil Works 1.5.3.1.0.01-Rev.10

FINISHING SCHEDULE
ROOM FLOOR SKIRTING WALLS CEILING
MAIN SUB/STN BUILDINGS:
Entrance, hall & corridor Terrazzo tiles 100 mm high terrazzo to Plastered sealed, & painted with Suspended ceiling.
match floor with quadrant washable emulsion paint. Colour
coving. to the approval of DEWA.
Toilet Non-slip ceramic tiles ------ Plastered and finished with glazed Suspended ceiling with 60 x 60 cm
ceramic tiles to top of door aluminium tiles compatible with
height. Seal, undercoat & lighting.
washable emulsion paint above.
Battery/Charger Non-slip ceramic tiles laid to 100 mm high Plastered, sealed and painted with Fair faced concrete, prepared, sealed
falls Ceramic to match floor with washable emulsion paint. Colour and painted in textured finish to
quadrant coving to the approval of DEWA. approval.
Workshop stores & records Hardened solvent free epoxy 100 mm high epoxy screed Plastered, sealed & painted with Suspended ceiling.
resin mortar screed minimum skirting. washable emulsion paint. Colour
4 mm thick, sealed. to the approval of DEWA.
Capacitor Bank rooms * Hardened solvent free epoxy 100 mm high epoxy screed Plastered sealed, & painted with Fair faced concrete, prepared, sealed
resin mortar screed minimum skirting. washable emulsion paint. Colour and painted in textured finish to
4 mm thick, sealed. to the approval of DEWA. approval.
Telecom Room * High quality PVC tiles.300 x PVC 100 mm high to match Plastered sealed, & painted with Suspended ceiling.
300 x 2.5mm. floor washable emulsion paint. Colour
to the approval of DEWA.
Control Room * High quality PVC tiles.300 x PVC 100 mm high to match Plastered sealed, & painted with Suspended ceiling.
300 x 2.5mm. floor washable emulsion paint. Colour
to the approval of DEWA.

Relay Room *High quality PVC tiles. 300 x PVC 100 mm high to match Plastered sealed, & painted with Suspended ceiling.
300 x 2.5 mm. floor washable emulsion paint. Colour
to the approval of DEWA.
LVAC *Hardened solvent free epoxy 100 mm high epoxy screed Plastered sealed, & painted with Suspended ceiling
resin mortar screed minimum skirting washable emulsion paint. Colour
4 mm thick sealed. to the approval of DEWA.

11/22kV Switchgear Hall Hardened solvent free epoxy Epoxy screed skirting 100 Plastered, sealed & painted with Fair faced concrete, prepared, sealed
resin mortar minimum 6 mm mm high. washable emulsion paint. Colour and painted in textured finish to
thick, sealed. to the approval of DEWA approval.
Airconditioning ducts to be covered

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Civil Works 1.5.3.1.0.01-Rev.10

FINISHING SCHEDULE
ROOM FLOOR SKIRTING WALLS CEILING
by aluminium lined gypsum board
bulk heads.
132kV GIS Hall 80mm screed laid to level Epoxy paint skirting 100mm Plastered, sealed and painted with Fair faced concrete, prepared, sealed
finished with epoxy paint. high washable emulsion paint. Colour and painted in textured finish to
to the approval of DEWA. approval.
Basement Screed laid to falls, finished Epoxy paint skirting 100 mm Plastered (with sand cement Fair-faced concrete sealed & painted
with epoxy paint. high. mortor ) sealed & painted with with washable emulsion. Colour to
washable emulsion paint. Colour the approval of DEWA.
to the approval of DEWA
Transformer enclosures Epoxy painted fairfaced ----- Concrete walls plastered sealed & Colour coated aluminium cladding,
concrete. painted as per clause 18.4. Colour as per Clause 5
to the approval of DEWA.
PUMP HOUSE Hardened solvent free epoxy Epoxy screed skirting 100 Plastered, sealed & painted with Fair faced concrete, prepared, sealed
resin mortar screed minimum mm high. washable emulsion paint. Colour and painted in textured finish to
4 mm thick, sealed. to the approval of DEWA approval.
GATE HOUSE:
Guard Room Terrazzo tiles. 100 mm high terrazzo to Plastered, sealed & painted with Plastered (with sand cement mortar)
match floor with quadrant washable emulsion paint. Colour sealed and painted with washable
coving. to the approval of DEWA emulsion paint. Colour to the
approval of DEWA.
Toilet Non-slip ceramic tiles. ----- Plastered with glazed ceramic Suspended ceiling, with 60 x 60 cm.
tiles to top of door height. Sealed aluminium tiles compatible with
& painted with washable lighting.
emulsion above. Colour to the
approval of DEWA.
WATCHMAN ACCOMMODATION:
Bedrooms and Lobby Terrazzo tiles 100 mm high terrazzo to Plastered sealed & painted with Plastered (with sand cement mortar)
match with quadrant coring. washable emulsion paint. Colour sealed and painted with washable
to the approval of DEWA. emulsion paint. Colour to the
approval of DEWA.
Kitchen Non-slip ceramic tiles ---- Plastered with glazed ceramic Plastered (with sand cement mortar)
tiles to top of door, sealed & sealed and painted with washable
painted with washable emulsion emulsion paint. Colour to the
paint above. Colour to the approval of DEWA.
approval of DEWA.

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Civil Works 1.5.3.1.0.01-Rev.10

FINISHING SCHEDULE
ROOM FLOOR SKIRTING WALLS CEILING
Bath Non-slip ceramic tiles ----- Plastered with glazed ceramic Plastered (with sand cement mortar)
tiles to top of door. Sealed & sealed and painted with washable
painted with washable emulsion emulsion paint. Colour to the
above. approval of DEWA.

Para (541) * Suitable raised floor to be provided where there is no cable basement.

Para (542) Note :

• A high quality water resistant paint in black colour shall be applied to all concrete surfaces above suspended ceiling.
• Floor along all fire escape routes shall be marked with reflective paint as per relevant standard and to DEWA’s approval

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21. PLUMBING

21.1. Extent of Work and General

Para (543) This section describes the services to be provided in general and addresses the general
requirements in respect of sanitary plumbing, drainage, rainwater and domestic water
services.

Para (544) All aspects of plumbing work shall comply with government/local authority regulations and
codes of practice and work shall be subject to their approval at various stages as required by
law. The Contractor shall be responsible for ensuring that all aspects of materials,
workmanship and testing have appropriate government approval.

Para (545) All domestic water services pipework shall be sized to provide the necessary flow rates to
sanitary fittings on the basis of probable simultaneous demands. The method of calculating
the size of pipework shall be in accordance with the British Standards Code of Practice
CP.310 using demand units to assess the probable simultaneous demand for water at any
point in the system. Velocity of water in the system shall be limited to 1.5 metres per
second as a maximum and the demand units and flow rates for sanitary fittings are in
accordance with the following table: -

Fitting Demand Units Flow Rate


Litres/Sec
Basin 1.5 0.15
W.C. Cistern 2 0.12

Para (546) All sanitary plumbing and drainage installations shall comply with BS.8301 and the
regulations and by-laws of the Local Authorities. The Contractor shall arrange for a
permanent water supply facility from the local authority network. The charge for
permanent water connection (payable to DEWA) will be borne by DEWA.

Para (547) Foul water drains shall be installed in accordance with BS.8301.

Para (548) Easy bends of either long radius type or two 135 deg. bends shall be used at the base of all
plumbing stacks. Access points shall be provided on all draining runs by manholes of an
appropriate size.

Para (549) All drains shall be accurately laid, true to line and gradient from point to point. Manholes
shall be provided at changes of direction or gradient and at points of connection. Drain pipe
runs between manholes shall be absolutely straight. Lines and falls shall be accurately set
out.

Para (550) The Contractor shall provide all materials, labour, equipment, plant and incidentals to
execute, complete and maintain the works. The Contractor shall carry out the tests required
under supervision and shall make good and replace any defective work. The Contractor
shall be responsible for protection of all plumbing from any damage whether due to the
concurrent work of the other trades or otherwise and he shall clean up upon completion
leaving all works in perfect working order and to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

Para (551) The entire works shall be robust and designed for a long service life with minimum
maintenance. Special care shall be taken in designing drainage works to ensure the least
chance of blockage.

21.2. Pipes and Fitting Materials - Internal

21.2.1. Cold Water Services

Para (552) Unplasticised PVC (UPVC) pipes for cold water services shall comply with BS 3505 Class
E for underground piping. Others shall comply as per Clause 11.21.2.2 below.

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21.2.2. Not Used

21.2.3. Sanitary Plumbing and Drainage

Para (553) uPVC soil and waste water pipes and fittings shall comply with BS 4514 and be protected
against misuse or attack by vermin. Fittings shall be of the push-fit or solvent welded type.

21.2.4. Rainwater Systems

Para (554) Concealed or encased rainwater pipework as well as exposed ones shall be uPVC to BS
4576 and BS:4514.

Para (555) All pipes and fittings shall be obtained from an approved manufacturer.

21.3. Pipes and Fitting Materials - External

21.3.1. Hot and Cold Water Services

Para (556) Solid drawn copper tubes shall comply with BS 2871, Part 1, Table 'x' capillary or
compression fittings complying with BS 864. Exposed hot and cold water pipe shall be pre
insulated type.

Para (557) Galvanized seamless steel tubes shall comply with BS 1387 (Heavy tubes) with galvanized
malleable cast iron fittings to BS 143.

21.3.2. Underground Drainage

Para (558) Underground foul, waste and surface water drainage shall be uPVC to BS 4660 with push-
fit joints and fittings.

Para (559) Underground chemical and oily water drains shall be vitrified clay to BS 65 and BS 540 or
equivalent to be approved by DEWA's Engineer.

21.4. Pipework and Accessories

21.4.1. Installations

Para (560) All piping shall generally be fixed in strict accordance with manufacturer's instructions or
BS Codes of Practice using the correct brackets and clips as appropriate at the
recommended centres.

21.4.2. Traps

Para (561) All traps shall generally be of the bottle trap type with 75 mm seal unless specified
otherwise.

21.4.3. Not Used

21.4.4. Taps and Fittings

Para (562) Taps and all visible metal fittings shall be heavy duty chromium plated. Drinking water
outlets shall be clearly labelled, and hot and cold taps labelled or colour coded.

Para (563) Provision shall be made for isolating individual appliances by the installation of stop-cocks
in the water supply pipes.

Para (564) Drain-cocks shall be installed to allow complete draining of the whole system.

21.4.5. Insulators

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Para (565) Joints between different metallic materials shall be made with suitable insulators to prevent
electrolytic action.

21.4.6. Valves and Cocks

Para (566) All valves and cocks shall be located in an accessible position for operational and
maintenance purposes.

Para (567) Valves and cocks for use on hot and cold water services shall comply with the regulations
and requirements of the appropriate Water Authority concerned and arrangements shall be
made with that Authority and no extras shall be allowed for any charges for testing and
stamping of valves and cocks which may be required.

Para (568) Valves up to and including 50 mm bore shall, unless otherwise specified, be screwed in
accordance with BS 21 : 1973 "Pipe threads for tubes and fittings where pressure tight
joints are made on the threads" and subsequent amendments.

Para (569) On open circuit high pressure systems such as domestic water and irrigation water services,
all isolating valves shall generally be stopcocks.

21.5. Rainwater Pipes and Accessories

Para (570) Rainwater pipes and fittings shall be constructed of the following materials:

Para (571) Rainwater pipes encased in concrete and exposed ones shall be - uPVC to BS 4576 and BS:
4514.

Para (572) Alternative materials may be used subject to the prior approval of the Engineer.

Para (573) Bends, swan necks, outlets and other fittings shall as far as possible be of materials
matching the main pipe. Where dissimilar materials are formed together, approved
adaptors and methods shall be used.

Para (574) Jointing shall be in accordance with Codes of Practice relevant to the materials concerned.

Para (575) Metal surfaces in contact with asphalt shall be scored, wire brushed, and treated with
suitable bitumen based primer, before installation. Where the rainwater pipes discharge
above ground, they shall be fitted with a 45 degree elbow directing rainwater away from the
building.

21.6. Sanitary Fittings, Materials and Equipment

21.6.1. General

Para (576) All sanitary fittings shall be Ideal Standard, Twyfords, Armitage Shanks or equivalent
make. Sanitary fittings and their connections, services, wastes, etc. shall be located,
designed and installed to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

21.6.2. Quality and Colour

Para (577) Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer, the quality and sizes of the fittings shall be
according to British Standards and as listed below. Unless specifically shown on the
drawings, the sanitary appliances shall be in white.

21.6.3. Wash Basins

Para (578) Wash basins shall be enamelled glazed fireclay complying with BS 1188 size 55 x 40 cm
weighing approximately 20 kg fitted with 13 mm diameter chromium plated pillar taps,
combined overflow and 32 mm diameter trapped waste with plug.

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21.6.4. Water Closets (Asiatic)

Para (579) Asiatic Water Closets Suites shall be sea water resistant and shall comprise glazed fireclay
squatting slab, pan, `S' or `P' trap with 90 mm bore outlet, two gallon capacity high or low
level enamelled cast iron or glazed fireclay or plastic flushing cistern fixed to walls with
concealed fixing, 32 mm (high level) or 38 mm (low level) diameter flush pipes, non-
corroding valveless siphon, 13 mm low pressure ball valve and union, 19 mm overflow and
union, and either flushing handle or pull and chain. In a position adjacent to each Asiatic
Water Closet, a suitable water draw off point shall be provided together with a 12 mm bib-
tap. A flush valve may be installed instead of the flushing arrangement described above, if
required.

21.6.5. Water Closets (European)

Para (580) European Water Closet Suites shall comprise glazed fireclay pan complying with BS 1312,
weighing approximately 20 kg and having `S' or `P' trap with 90 mm bore outlet, two gallon
capacity high or low level enamelled cast iron or glazed fireclay flushing cistern fixed to
walls with concealed fixings, 32 mm (high level) or 38 mm (low level) diameter flush pipe,
non-corroding valveless siphon, 13 mm low pressure ball valve and union, 19 mm overflow
and union, either flushing handle or pull and chain, and with double flap solid section
plastic ring seat complying with BS 1254.

21.6.6. Flushing Cisterns

Para (581) Flushing cisterns and flush pipes shall comply with BS 1125.

Para (582) Ball valves shall comply with BS 1212 and marked with the manufacturer's name or trade
mark. Floats shall comply with BS 2456 and shall be marked with the manufacturer's name
or trade mark. A manufacturer's certificate testifying that the flushing cisterns comply with
BS 1125 shall be submitted to the Engineer.

21.6.7. Urinals

Para (583) Bowl urinals shall be vitreous china bowl urinal, overall size approximately 41 cm by 61
cm complete with 1 1/4 inch chromium plated outlet and all necessary concealed hangers
and supports. The urinals shall be fixed in single or in ranges of two, three, four or more
urinals and as shown on the drawings with vitreous china divisions of 67 cm/150 cm height
approximately. Flushing cisterns shall be enamelled fireclay automatic flushing cistern
with copper syphon and 1/2 inch inch drip tap with loose key. The cistern shall be of a
capacity of nine litres for each single urinal or for a range of two urinals, fifteen litres
capacity for a range of three urinals served, and complete with pair cast iron cantilever
brackets for each, built in to wall. The flush pipes, reduced size sparge pipes, pipe fittings
and spreaders (of suitable diameters as recommended by the manufacturer) between cistern
and bowls shall be chromium plated with necessary 1 1/4 inch traps (one for each bowl) and
all necessary chromium plated connection to supply and waste water piping.

21.6.8. Taps and Fittings

Para (584) Taps and all visible metal fittings shall be Euro Standard, Grohe, Hansa or equivalent
make, heavy duty quality complying with BS 1010. They shall be marked with the
manufacturer's name or trade mark and nominal size.

21.6.9. Sundry Fittings

Para (585) Other sundry fittings shall be of approved quality and manufacture and shall include such
fittings as chromium plated paper holder wall mounted adjacent to the closets, chromium
plated towel rails with end brackets adjacent to sinks and wash basins, wall mounted
mirrors over wash basins.

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21.6.10. Floor Drains

Para (586) Floor drains shall be of the best quality and to the approval of the Engineer. Each floor
drain shall have an integral or separated P-trap and the necessary raising pieces with the
necessary side inlet opening (or openings), covers to be of chromium plated cast brass.

21.6.11. Waste Water Gully Traps

Para (587) Unless otherwise directed, waste water gully traps or P-traps shall be of UPVC as per
relevant British Standard.

Para (588) Each gully trap shall be equipped with a conical gully inlet and a raising piece with the
necessary side inlets. The gully inlet and the raising piece shall be of the same material as
the gully.

Para (589) The gully trap together with the gully inlet and the raising piece shall be fixed and
surrounded with not less than 10cm thick plain concrete from bottom and sides of the same
and as directed by the Engineer.

Para (590) In areas subject to use of excessive water, the floor drains shall be in the form of channels
of adequate size fitted with removable grilled covers suitable for heavy traffic and
connected to separate drainage system. Detailed design and information shall be submitted
to the Engineer to obtain his approval on the system and materials prior to commencement
of the work.

21.6.12. Water Storage Heaters

Para (591) Water storage heaters shall be of the pressure type suitable for unvented systems.

Para (592) The water shell shall be constructed from high carbon steel with a lining of glass or equal
approved proprietary non-corrosive and non-toxic material.

Para (593) The shell shall be equipped with a replaceable magnesium anode and shall be tested to non
less than 2,000 kPa (20 Bar).

Para (594) The outer jacket shall be mild steel with a baked enamel finish, and shall have removable
access covers for maintenance purposes.

Para (595) The insulation shall be high density fibreglass matting of at least 25 mm thickness or
injected polyurethane foam.

Para (596) Heating elements shall be screw-in type incaloy sheathed suitable for 220 volts supply with
an integral thermostatic control adjustable through the range of 49oC to 82oC with a high
temperature cut out.

Para (597) A factory fitted combination valve assembly on the water inlet shall incorporate an isolating
valve, a non-return valve, and a thermal and pressure relief valve set at 99oC and 700 kPa
(7.0 Bar) which shall be piped to safe discharge.

Para (598) The type, storage capacity and element rating of the heaters shall be as described in the
schedule.

Para (599) Immersion electric heaters shall further comply with BS 3456, Section 2.21. Thermostats
shall comply with BS 3955, Section 2B. Notwithstanding the stipulations of these standard
specifications, thermal storage electric water heaters and their installation shall be in
accordance with the prevailing government regulations.

Para (600) The contractor must obtain the Engineer's approval on the capacity, number, type and
manufacaturer of the water heaters prior to ordering them.

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21.6.13. Water Storage Tanks

Para (601) One-piece cylindrical storage tanks shall be manufactured from glass fibre reinforced
thermosetting epoxy resin in thicknesses of not less than 8 mm with an integral opaque
membrane for the prevention of ultra-violet penetration.

Para (602) Horizontal tanks shall feature integral hollow supports suitable for stabilizing in-situ with a
concrete infill.

Para (603) Ends shall be dished and construction generally shall be within the requirements of BS
4994 : 1987.

Para (604) Tanks shall have the following accessories: -

• Valved inlet to ball float valve


• Valved outlet
• Drain with Hose Union
• Overflow with insect screen
• Vent pipe with insect screen
• Hinged access cover with stainless steel hinges and securing clamps
• Float control switches as scheduled.
• Unions shall be provided to all valves fitted to the tank for easy disconnection.

21.6.14. Transfer Pump Sets

Para (605) Transfer Pump sets for domestic services shall be of multi-pump format.One running and
one standing by with auto start facility in case of running pump failure and cyclic change
over.

Para (606) Constant speed variable volume constant pressure pump sets shall comprise high efficiency
multistage pumps arranged for parallel/cascade operations, complete with and hydraulic
accumulator diaphragm vessel.

Para (607) Motors shall be totally enclosed fan ventilated, with Class "F" insulation, operating at a
speed not exceeding 2900 rev/min. wound for a 380V, 3-phase, 50 Hz. electrical supply.

Para (608) Diaphragm vessels shall be of pressed steel welded shell construction with non-toxic
internal coating and renewable flexible impermeable diaphragm membrane. A schrader
valve shall be provided for precharge pressure adjustment, and the vessels shall be installed
with isolating valves and drain cocks for ease of maintenance.

Para (609) Suction and discharge manifolds shall be constructed in the materials specified for the
relevant water service, and shall be complete with bronze isolating valves and non-return
valves to the standards described elsewhere in this specification.

Para (610) Control panels shall comply fully with electrical sections of this specification and shall
meet with the requirements of the IEE Wiring Regualtions.

Para (611) Enclosures shall be heavy gauge steel, stove enamelled, dust and damp protected to IP55
and shall incorporate the following components: -

• Door interlocked mains isolator


• Individual motor starters with thermal overload relays incorporating single phasing
protection (direct on line up to 5.5 kW, Star-Delta 7.5kW and above).
• Individual pump and control fuses (HBC to BS.88) in fully shrouded fuse holders.
• Hand-off auto switches for each pump.
• Duty pump/lead pump selector switches.
• Indicator lamps for mains on, pump run and pump trip for each pump.

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• Anti-condensation heater.

Para (612) The control circuitry shall provide for the connnection of float switch controls for the
protection of the pump set against dry running.

Para (613) All components shall be pre-wired factory assembled on a common baseplate constructed
from heavy gauge zinc plated steel or painted heavy gauge rolled steel section.

Para (614) All pump sets shall have flexible connections on the suction and discharge connections.

21.7. Builders Work

Para (615) Where pipes are fixed on the surface of the walls, the Contractor shall perform all cutting
and pinning for holderbats or plugging or screwing for pipe clips. Where pipes are
concealed in walls etc., the Contractor shall peform all cutting and subsequent making
good. Pipes through walls or floors shall pass through metal sleeves and covers at points of
emergence shall be provided. All builder's work by the plumber shall be finished in a neat
and workmanlike manner and to the satisfaction of the Engineer.

21.8. Testing

Para (616) When the installation has been completed to the satisfaction of the Engineer, it shall be
tested for water tightness and leakage. Rate of flow and correct operation shall also be
checked.

Para (617) The Contractor shall provide all facilities for the testing and making good of any defects to
the satisfaction of the Engineer.

21.9. Cleaning

Para (618) The Contractor shall carefully clean out all cold water and hot water tanks. Service pipes,
sanitary fittings throughout, traps and wastes. The Contractor shall also overhaul and make
good all flushing valves, check regulating valves, check taps including rewashering as
necessary and leave all works in perfect clean working condition.

21.10. Disinfection

Para (619) After completion of all tests, the replacement and repairs, all water supply systems shall be
thoroughly flushed with water to remove sediment. Disinfectant shall be applied to all
piping systems of potable cold and hot water supplied.

Para (620) The disinfectant shall be chlorine, in the form of a hypochlorite solution. During
chlorination, all valves and equipment shall be operated, to ensure that chlorine reaches all
parts of the system. Water and chlorination agent shall be fed into the system at rates that
will provide a residual chlorine content of not less than 10ppm after a retention period of 24
hours. (An initial application of 30 ppm will generally be required).

22. BOUNDARY WALL FENCE AND GATES

22.1. Boundary Wall

Para (621) The boundary walls shall be of blockwork or concrete construction 2.4m high designed to
resist a wind speed of 160km/hr. The walls shall be plastered and painted with a textured
polyurethane paint system as specified for the substation building.

Para (622) Pointed steel spikes - galvanised and painted as per specification for steel work shall be
fixed above the wall.

22.2. Fence

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Para (623) Fence shall be chain link type designed to resist wind load at 160 km per hour.

Para (624) The fence shall comprise of 50 x 50 chain link mesh, galvanised wire not less than 2.65 mm
core diameter and with PVC coating not less than 3.75 mm diameter. It shall be at least 2.4
m above ground and buried at least 0.3 m below ground level. The tension lines shall be
not less than 4 lines of 3.5 mm core diameter and PVC coating not less than 4.1 m diameter.

Para (625) The supporting posts shall be hot dip galvanised to BS 729 after fabrication and polyester
powder coated to a minimum thickness of 80 micron. The posts shall have extension arms
beyond chain link mesh to accommodate 3 lines of barbed wire. The posts shall be at least
60 mm diameter 2.9 mm thick for intermediates and 76 mm diameter and 4.5 mm thick for
end straining posts.

Para (626) The barbed wire shall have a core diameter of 1.6 mm and the diameter with PVC coating
shall be a minimum of 1.95 mm.

Para (627) The material shall be installed generally as per the requirements of BS 1722.

22.3. Gate

Para (628) The gate for substation shall be of structural steel construction using rolled hollow steel
sections of grade 43C generally in conformity with BS 4848. The gates shall be to the
height of compound wall generally in conformity to BS 1722 part 10.

Para (629) The gate for the Substation shall have steel spikes and shall be galvanised and painted as
the structural steel items.

22.4. Line Termination and Sealing End Compounds

Para (630) Reinforced concrete foundations, including all eye bolts and fixing bolts, shall be provided
for all Sealing End Structures, Anchor Blocks Surge Arrester Structures, etc., as required.

Para (631) The foundations whether piled or not must be properly designed in reinforced concrete, and
capable of resisting all design loads of down droppers, plant and structures.

Para (632) Interlocking blocks, minimum 80 mm thick on compacted subgrade appropriate to the
ground conditions, shall be provided over all of the compounds in an approved colour.

Para (633) The compound surfacing shall be laid to falls leading to stormwater soakaways.

Para (634) A 2.4 M boundary wall capable of withstanding vehicle impact on a suitable foundation
shall be provided around all compounds. The walls shall be rendered and painted on both
sides, and capped with a precast concrete coping. Pointed steel spikes - galvanised and
painted as per specifications for steel work shall be fixed above the wall.

Para (635) Gates of RHS steel construction complete with all fittings shall be provided where indicated
on the drawings.

23. LIGHTING AND SMALL POWER

23.1. Scope

Para (636) This section of the Specification includes for the interior and exterior lighting and small
power systems.

Para (637) Whenever practicable fixtures shall be sourced locally.

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Para (638) All civil works associated with this section of the works shall be deemed to be included
either as part of the main civil engineering works or as part of the works in this section. No
additional payments will be made for such requirements.

Para (639) The requirements of this section of the works are subject to the Main Conditions and
Specifications laid down in other sections of the Tender Document.

23.2. General Standards

Para (640) The completed installations shall comply in all relevant respects with Dubai Electricity &
Water Authority Wiring Regulations for Electrical Installation and approved Code of
Practice in Dubai and also with the Codes of Practice issued by the Chartered Institution of
Building Services, with BS7671 (Formerly IEE Wiring Regulations), or with such other
local regulation that may be in force at the site.

Para (641) The lighting and small power equipment and installation shall comply with other sections
of this Specification as appropriate.

Para (642) All lamps, fittings, plugs, sockets and general accessories of the same size and types shall
be similar and interchangeable throughout the installation.

23.3. Defects Liability Period

Para (643) The Contractor shall be responsible for the efficient and good working of the installations
comprising this section of the Specification for the agreed period as set out in the
Specification document.

23.4. Approvals

Para (644) The Contractor shall submit to the Engineer for approval copies of all his calculations
forming the basis for the designs of the specified systems which shall be shown on the
working drawings also to be submitted for approval.

Para (645) Any approvals shall not, however, relieve the Contractor of his contractual responsibilities
which include obtaining DEWA/local authority approvals for electrical wiring installations.

23.5. Lighting Requirements

Para (646) The lighting installations shall be designed to give the standard service illuminations set out
in Clause 23.29 Table II and shall incorporate emergency lighting where indicated.
Control rooms, relay rooms, telecommunications equipment rooms, offices and stores shall
have the service illumination measured at 850 mm above finished floor level. All other
areas shall have the service illumination measured at floor level. Infrared movement sensors
to be provided in all areas to control automatic switching on and off of at least 50% lights in
a room.

Para (647) The installations shall also meet the limiting glare index requirements as set out in the
specified codes of practice. This schedule gives proposals for the types of lighting fittings to
be used in the area, type of control to be employed, number of socket outlets and the types
of mounting expected to be suitable for the respective areas. Where discharge and
fluorescent light sources are to be used in areas containing rotating or reciprocating
machinery, the fittings shall be allocated between the 3 phase and neutral in such a manner
as to avoid stroboscopic effects. When 3 phase lighting installations are to be used
contactor switching controlled by pushbuttons located in the area to be illuminated are
preferred.

Para (648) In all rooms and corridors having two entrances the lighting installation shall have two way
switching, the switches being located in appropriate positions adjacent to the entrances.

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Para (649) Emergency lighting shall be arranged to illuminate all stairways, exits and entrances and
provide some illumination in operational areas.

Para (650) Security lighting shall be installed around the perimeter walls illuminating the external area
and shall be controlled from the gatehouse.

23.5.1. Schedule of Design Requirements

Para (651) The lighting system shall include provision for ease of erection, maintenance, cleaning,
lamp replacement and future extension. Lamp replacement and maintenance should, unless
otherwise approved be possible without taking outages on main plant items.

Para (652) Lighting apparatus shall be of top quality, designed to ensure satisfactory operation and
service life under all variations of load, frequency and temperature. Sodium discharge
lighting shall not be used except for road and security lighting.

23.5.2. Key to Abbreviations

L Local switches S1, S2 etc. Socket outlets or fused spur circuits


P.B Pushbutton for remote control
T.S Time switch control
C Ceiling mounted
W Wall mounted
P Pole or earth mast mounted
M Recessed modular mounting
D Suspended
F Flush installation
S Surface installation
A Automatic on mains failure
BH Behind ceiling diffuser

23.6. Coding Systems

Para (653) The Contractor shall when preparing drawings showing the respective designs use a code to
identify each lighting fitting and socket outlet.

Para (654) The code shall comprise letters and figures so compiled that the following information can
be readily identified: -

• The lighting distribution board to which the fitting or socket outlet is connected.
• If connected to the normal supplies or to the emergency d.c. supplies.
• The circuit number and phase of the distribution board to which the fitting is
connected.
• The sequence of the fitting in a particular circuit.

23.7. Distribution Boards

Para (655) The distribution boards and all component parts shall be manufactured and tested in
accordance with the latest Standard and designed to suit the fault level of the transformers
supplied. The Contractor shall demonstrate by calculation this has been complied with.

Para (656) Each current carrying component shall be so designed that under continuous rated full load
conditions in the climatic conditions at Site the maximum total temperatures permitted
under the relevant Standards are not exceeded.

Para (657) Each distribution board shall have a rustproof metal case of sheet steel with either a
galvanised or enameled finish. The colour of the enamel finish shall match the colour of
other switchgear. The metal casing is to be provided with a number of knock-outs or other

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approved form of cable entries corresponding to the circuit capacity of the distribution
board and a suitable screened brass earthing stud.

Para (658) Busbars including neutral bar shall be of high conductivity copper supported to withstand
all normal and fault condition stresses.

Para (659) All busbars, neutral bars and primary conductors are to be PVC sleeved in respective phase
and neutral colours.

Para (660) Distribution boards for exterior use shall be galvanised and weatherproof.

Para (661) Neutral bars shall have an appropriate number of ways relative to the size of the board.
They shall have a rating not less than that of the associated phase busbars.

Para (662) The metal surface adjacent to any live part and all spaces between phases shall be protected
by barriers of fireproof insulation material.

Para (663) The distribution boards shall be either single pole or triple pole and neutral types and shall
be equipped with means to provide overcurrent protection to each circuit. This protection
may comprise an HRC fuse or a miniature circuit breaker, both of which shall be removable
without exposing live connections.

Para (664) Fuse bases and bridges where used shall be of an approved non- hydroscopic insulation
suitable for the receipt of HRC fuses.

Para (665) Residual current circuit breakers shall be incorporated to protect all lighting circuits, socket
outlets and supplies to appliances, etc. These shall comply with the requirements of the
main electrical part of this Specification.

Para (666) The current rating of the busbars in each distribution board is not to be less than the sum of
maximum current rating of all outgoing circuits. The neutral connection for each circuit is
to be direct to the neutral busbar.

Para (667) Approved type title labels are to be fitted externally on the front cover of each distribution
board giving details of the points controlled by each circuit. The circuit list shall be typed or
printed stating the location of the equipment served, rating of the protective unit and the
circuit loading. The lists shall be mounted on the inside of the cover door and shall be
protected by an acrylic sheet slid into a frame over the circuit list, the list and cover to be
easily removable to permit circuit modifications.

Para (668) The cables feeding the distribution boards will be connected directly to the incoming
isolator or neutral bar as appropriate unless otherwise indicated by the Specification.

Para (669) Switchfuse units or isolators connected on the incoming side of a distribution board shall be
mechanically attached to the board with solid copper electrical connections between the
units. A suitable insulated barrier is to be supplied to prevent copper or carbon dust
released under fault conditions passing from one unit to the other.

Para (670) Distribution boards for use on direct current system shall be double pole types equipped
with adequately rated fuses.

Para (671) Mixed capacity boards shall be employed and all contactors and time switches associated
with the respective outgoing circuits shall be accommodated within the distribution board.

23.8. Miniature Circuit Breakers

Para (672) Miniature circuit breakers shall comply with the requirements of the main electrical part of
this Specification.

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23.9. Cables

Para (673) Armoured cables shall be XLPE insulated, single wire armoured and polyvinyl chloride
sheathed overall and be manufactured and tested in accordance with the requirements of
BS.5467, 600/1000V grade or equivalent. The outer sheath shall be coloured black and
incorporate flame retardant characteristics to meet the requirements of BS.4066 and
IEC.332. Jute fillings will not be permitted. Cables shall comply with the requirements of
the cable section of this Specification.

Para (674) Each armoured cable shall be provided with separate Earth Continuity Conductor (ECC) of
minimum half size of the phase conductor, coloured yellow/green.

Para (675) Flexible type cables for pendant cords and final connections to fixed apparatus are to be
butyl or silicone rubber insulated and sheathed manufactured and tested in accordance with
the requirements of BS.6500, 300/500V or 300/300V grade as applicable.

Para (676) The conductor is to comprise multi-strands of 0.25 mm wire. The number of strands are to
be not less than 30 and in all cases of a number suitable for the protection rating of the
respective circuits.

Para (677) All cables used for lighting and small power shall have copper conductors.

Para (678) The Contractor is to select conductor sizes for the respective final circuits to meet the
following conditions:-

• That the minimum conductor size for lighting circuits is to be 2.5mm2 and for socket
outlets 4 mm2.

• That the size is to be adequate for the current to be carried as set out in the cable
manufacturers Specification.

• That the size is sufficient to keep the voltage drop in the phase and neutral conductor
to the farthest lighting or power point, under normal full load conditions to within
the final circuit limit specified in BS7671. Diversity will not be allowed.

23.10. Cable Terminations

Para (679) Terminations for cables shall comprise compression type glands with armour and bonding
clamps to meet the requirements of Type E1 to BS.6121 or equivalent and are to be
designed to secure the armour wires, to provide electrical continuity between the armour
and the threaded fixing component of the gland and to provide watertight seals between the
cable outer sheath and gland and between the inner sheath and threaded fixing component.
The glands are to project at least 10 mm above the gland plate to avoid moisture collecting
in the cable crutch.

Para (680) Earth bond terminal attachments are to be provided.

Para (681) Terminations for rubber insulated cables are to comprise compression type glands where
the function of the gland is to secure the outer sheath of the cable, in accordance with the
requirements of Type A2 to BS.6121 or equivalent. A watertight seal is to be provided
between the outer sheath and the gland.

Para (682) Only one cable is to be terminated in each gland.

23.11. Sealing and Drumming

Para (683) Immediately after the works tests, both ends of all cables shall be sealed against the ingress
of moisture, dirt and insects and the end projecting from the drum shall be adequately

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protected against mechanical damage during handling and shall be fitted with a pulling eye
bonded to cores, sheath and armours.

23.12. Conduit

Para (684) The whole of the various installations described shall be carried out in screwed heavy gauge
welded steel conduit or heavy gauge PVC conduit, at the discretion of the Engineer. No
conduit less than 20 mm diameter will be permitted.

Surface mounted PVC switchrooms, battery rooms, i.e. painted blockwork.


Flush mounted PVC relay control rooms which have a decorative finish

Para (685) Steel conduits shall be manufactured in accordance with BS.4568, Part 1 or equivalent,
heavy gauge screwed and welded Class B and shall be galvanised. Conduit fittings are to
be manufactured of good quality galvanised malleable cast iron and of small circular pattern
to BS.4568, Part 2 or equivalent, with internally tapped spouts minimum length 21 mm
threaded to the correct length at inter-sections tees, draw through and stopends.

Para (686) Conduit fittings of PVC shall be of the plain bore pattern suitable for a push-on
compression type joint and shall be sealed with a hard setting vinyl cement to prevent
ingress of vermin, water, dust, etc. Inspection bends solid or normal bends elbows or tees
are not to be used except with the approval of the Engineer.

Para (687) Conduit runs shall, wherever possible, be concealed in ceilings, voids and walls, chases etc.,
and in rooms of secondary importance (with back outlet entries to switch boxes etc.
especially on fair faced brickwork) otherwise the conduits shall be securely fixed to the
surface of walls using heavy cast distance saddles. Where plastered finishes are called for,
buried conduit systems shall be provided.

Para (688) Where the system of wiring is concealed, the 'loop-in' system of conduit shall be used and
the 'looping-in' boxes shall conform to BSS31, Class B3.

Para (689) A separate insulated earth conductor, coloured yellow/green, shall be run in PVC conduits
and such facilities shall be provided at all terminal points.

Para (690) Wherever the installation is specified as being flame-proof, the conduit runs entering these
areas shall have a barrier box inserted in the run immediately before the conduit passes into
the flame-proof area. All conduit work inside the flame-proof area shall be carried out with
solid drawn galvanised conduit and all conduit fittings, sockets and accessories shall be
galvanised and certified suitable for Group 1 hazard. At the completion of the wiring all
machine faces on accessories shall be thoroughly cleaned and greased, prior to the screwing
or bolting of all accessory cover plates into their final flame-proof secure position.

Para (691) The ends of all steel conduits shall be reamered to remove all burrs or sharp edges after the
screw threads have been cut. All dirt, paint or oil on the screw threads, the conduit, sockets
and accessories must be removed prior to erection. All conduits shall be swabbed through
prior to installation of cables.

Para (692) The ends of the conduit shall butt solidly in all couplings. Where they terminate in fuse-
switches, distribution boards, adaptable boxes, non-spouted switch boxes, they shall be
connected thereto by means of smooth bore male brass bushes, compression washers and
sockets. All exposed threads and all bends shall be painted with an aluminium spirit paint
after erection.

Para (693) All conduit and accessories, after being installed, shall be examined and all parts where the
surface has been chipped or scratched shall be painted.

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Para (694) All conduits shall be kept 80 mm clear of water, gas and other services. Should this prove
impracticable, then they shall be properly bonded by means of pipe clamps or other device
ensuring mechanically sound, electrically continuous connection.

Para (695) The method of installing PVC conduit and fittings shall conform strictly to the
manufacturer's recommendation. These recommendations shall be submitted when seeking
approval to the system proposed. In general the clauses dealing with steel conduit shall
apply.

Para (696) PVC tube not exceeding 25 mm in diameter shall be bent cold by means of the appropriate
spring and the tube shall be saddled as quickly as possible after bending. When bending
larger sizes of tube, the tube must be heated in an approved manner until it is pliable. A
90o bend shall have a radius of not less than five times the outside diameter of the tube.

Para (697) Joints between conduits and conduit fittings shall be watertight and shall be made by means
of a solvent adhesive as recommended by the manufacturer. Care should be taken to ensure
that the tube is clean and free from damp and grease and in particular dust, mould and oil.

Para (698) The Contractor shall provide PVC tube ends and flexible covers to prevent ingress of
concrete grout into the tubing and boxes.

Para (699) All bends are to be made on Site to suit conditions and not more than two right angle bends
will be permitted without the interposition of a draw box. No tees, elbows, sleeves, either
of inspection or solid type will be permitted. Generally long straight conduit runs from
point to point shall have draw boxes installed at maximum intervals of 10 metres.

Para (700) Deep boxes or extension rings on standard circular conduit boxes shall be used where
necessary in order to bring the front of each box flush with the surface of the ceiling or
wall. Where conduits are laid direct on the shuttering of the reinforced slab construction
conduit extension rings or deep boxes shall be used to raise the run of conduit to between
the top and bottom reinforcing. Galvanised draw wires or other approved types shall be
provided where conduits are not be wired on completion or are to be wired by others.

Para (701) All draw boxes and junction boxes shall be of ample size to permit the cables being drawn
in and out. They shall be made of galvanised iron and the jointing surface machined to
ensure a dust tight joint. All circular boxes shall be provided with long spouts internally
threaded incorporating a shoulder for the proper butting of the conduit and a solid copper
earth terminal tapped and screwed into the base of the box.

Para (702) All conduit boxes shall be screwed on or in walls, ceilings etc. by countersunk wood screws
of appropriate size. Holes in boxes shall be adequately countersunk to ensure the complete
recession of the fixing screws. All inspection and draw-in boxes shall be provided with
covers fixed by round head galvanised iron screws.

Para (703) Where surface conduit is specified, it shall be fixed by means of distance saddles and shall
terminate in raised back pattern conduit boxes. Surface conduits shall be bent or set to enter
accessories, and where they turn through walls back outlet boxes shall be provided.
Conduits shall be fixed at 1200 mm centres on vertical runs and 900 mm apart on horizontal
runs.

Para (704) Vertical conduit runs shall have saddles at 300 mm maximum from their points of
emergence from floors or ceilings and the remaining saddles shall be fixed consistent with
the requirements of spacing and appearance. Saddles shall be fixed on each side of every
bend at 300 mm maximum from the point of intersection of the centre line conduit.

Para (705) Conduits in ceiling cavities shall be supported independent of the suspended ceiling.

Para (706) Where conduits cross expansion joints, the Contractor shall allow for the installation of
expansion couplers at the positions of the expansion joint and at right angles to it. He shall

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provide a bonding earth wire between each terminal fitted in the nearest conduit box each
side of the coupler.

Para (707) All flexible metallic tubing shall be galvanised watertight pattern fitted with sweated brass
adaptors. External earth conductors, wrapped around the tubing, shall be provided.

Para (708) Where conduits are laid in slab floor etc., the Contractor shall arrange for a competent
person to be in attendance whilst the concrete pouring or screeding operation is being
carried out, in order to avoid damage being caused to the conduits and also to ensure that
the conduit work is in sound condition, properly and efficiently maintained during this
installation period.

Para (709) Particular care should be taken when setting out conduit runs to outlet points where they are
to be fitted to furniture, kitchen fittings, etc. The Contractor shall ascertain exact details of
the furniture and fittings construction in order that all conduit work shall wherever possible
be concealed.

Para (710) Conduits installed in chases of walls and floors shall be firmly secured by wrought iron pipe
hooks or crampets and these fixings shall in themselves be sufficient to hold the conduits in
place. Conduits installed in chases shall be painted with one coat of bitumastic paint before
erection and a further coat shall be applied to all accessible surfaces including the hooks
and the crampets after erection.

Para (711) Recessed conduits buried in plaster shall permit a full 6mm depth of cover over its entire
length.

Para (712) Provision shall be made for the tapping of condensed moisture.

Para (713) Care shall be taken to prevent water, dirt or rubbish entering the conduit system during
erection. Screwed metal caps or plugs shall be used for protecting open ends.

Para (714) All conduit system shall be erected completely with all conduit accessories connected, they
shall then be offered for inspection and approval by the Engineer before any cables are
installed. Conduit boxes shall be fixed to the structure of the building independently of the
conduit.

Para (715) Where a conduit is exposed to different temperatures (either by surrounding air conditions
or by virtue of the surrounding medium with which it is in contact) at any particular time,
the section of the conduit at the higher temperature shall be isolated from the section at the
lower temperature by means of a conduit box filled with an approved permanently plastic
compound, after completion and testing of all wiring. Such a condition would arise if a
conduit running in a warmed building is run to exterior points.

Para (716) Where galvanised conduit is specified, all conduit, accessories, switch boxes and all
associated apparatus used in the installation must also be galvanised. Galvanised conduit
shall be used when mounted outside a building, installed in floor chases subject to
dampness or accidental flooding, or buried in the ground. Conduit system shall be
weatherproof when erected outside a building. Exposed conduit threads shall be given a
coat of zinc rich paint.

Para (717) Conduit buried in the ground shall be wrapped with PVC self-adhesive tape half lapped.
The taping shall be extended for a distance of 150 mm beyond the point where the conduit
emerges from the ground. Joints in galvanised conduit systems shall be made watertight
using lead, aluminium paint and hemp and/or gaskets. The joints shall be partially screwed
up before the paint and hemp are applied and hemp are applied to maintain continuity.

Para (718) All adaptable boxes shall be grey iron pattern unless otherwise specified. Where adaptable
boxes are fitted flush, the cover plates shall be heavy gauge metal with 12 mm overlap on
all sides. The internal depth of a box shall be not less than 40 mm.

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Para (719) Covers shall be secured by a screw at each corner and by additional screws as necessary to
provide a maximum spacing of 300 mm between adjacent screws. Fixing screws shall be
brass (round or cheese head).

Para (720) Covers for boxes shall be of the same material as the box. For boxes mounted in
weatherproof situations, the cover shall have a machined surface around the perimeter
mating with a similar machined surface on the box and shall be complete with a gasket.

Para (721) Every flush outlet box to which a luminaire pull cord switch or similar is to be fitted shall
be fitted with an approved type of break joint ring.

23.13. Cable Trunking

Para (722) Where trunking is specified it shall be constructed of 1.65 mm minimum thickness zinc
coated mild steel or PVC and shall have a removable cover throughout its length with
centre screw latch fixings. Trunking shall be rigidly fixed and supplied complete with
purpose manufactured fittings, connectors, dividers, flanges, cable retaining clips, racks and
copper earth continuity links. As an alternative if approved, a proprietary brand of heavy
duty plastic trunking may be acceptable. When submitting details for approval, full
installation instructions as recommended by the manufacturer shall be included in the
details.

Para (723) All cables installed in trunking shall be labeled and identified in an approved manner. Clips
shall be at 600 mm centres. Vertical cable trunking shall be fitted with cable pin racks
arranged to avoid any strain on the cables.

Para (724) All trunking shall be rust proofed, primed and painted and fixed at intervals not greater than
1,000 mm.

23.14. Cable Trays

Para (725) Cable trays where required as part of the Contract supply are to be the perforated galvanised
sheet type.

Para (726) Trays are to have upturned edges and be of a width suitable for the number of cables to be
supported and are to be supplied with purpose- made galvanised steel brackets suitable for
mounting from the building structure. External cable trays shall be provided with covers.

23.15. Cable Jointing

Para (727) The Contractor shall be responsible for the sealing and jointing of all cables supplied and
installed as part of this Section of the Contract.

Para (728) Straight jointing of cables is not permitted without the written consent of the Engineer.

23.16. Contactors

Para (729) Contactors shall comply with British Standard 5424 or equivalent and shall be of the
electrically held-in types contained in heavy gauge sheet steel cases suitable for panel
mounting. Each contactor shall be continuously rated and suitable for thirty inductive
switching operations per hour.

23.17. Switches and Pushbuttons

Para (730) Switches shall be rated for 15 amp and shall be single pole types and be provided with an
earth terminal.

Para (731) Switches shall be one way, two-way or intermediate as required and where mounted
together they shall be fitted in a common box.

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Para (732) Switches for use in areas designated for surface installation shall be quick-make-quick-
break fixed grid industrial types mounted in galvanised malleable iron boxes with protected
dolly and arranged where necessary for multigang switching.

Para (733) Switches for use in areas designated for flush installation shall be micro-break types fixed
to white plastic cover with metalic louver plates and mounted in galvanised steel flush type
boxes.

Para (734) Switch-boxes shall be galvanised and fitted with screwed stainless steel front plates having
a 6 mm overlap minimum for flush installations. They shall be suitably barriered and
labelled where two phases are connected in the same box.

Para (735) Switches mounted externally shall be of weatherproof pattern to IP65 level.

Para (736) Where d.c. emergency lighting circuits are to be switched, double-pole quick make, quick
break switches with pillar type terminals and earthing straps shall be provided.

Para (737) Switches shall be mounted 1.4 m above finished floor level.

Para (738) Pushbutton switches shall either be flush or surface types contained in galvanised steel
boxes and be single pole rated for 5 Amps. Pushbuttons shall be made of non-hydroscopic
material, be non-swelling and so fitted as to avoid any possibility of sticking.

Para (739) The terminals for all switches shall be adequate to accommodate 2 conductors each a
minimum of 2.5 mm2 and 4mm² for small power.

23.18. Lighting Fittings

Para (740) Illustrations and/or samples of all lighting fittings which the Contractor proposes to
purchase shall be submitted to the Engineer for approval before issuing any sub-orders.

Para (741) Lighting fittings for interior and exterior use are to be manufactured and tested in
accordance with the appropriate sections of BS.4533, IEC 162 or equivalent and together
with all components are to be suitable for service and operation in the tropical climate
stated.

Para (742) Each fitting is to be complete with all lampholders, control gear, internal wiring, fused
terminal block, earth terminal and reflectors or diffusers as specified. The design of each
fitting is to be such as to minimise the effect of glare and such that the ingress of dust, flies
and insects is prevented, where open type fittings are used it is to be impossible for insects
to become lodged therein.

Para (743) The control gear for use with fluorescent lamps and is to be quick or resonant start type
without starters. Chokes are to be impregnated and solidly filled with polyester resin or
other approved high melting compound and are to be manufactured to restrict the third
harmonic content to less than 17% of the uncorrected current value and are to be silent in
operation.

Para (744) The built-in ballast units shall comply with IEC Publication No. 82 and shall include radio
interference suppressors and capacitors to correct the fitting power factor to a minimum of
0.95 lagging as per DEWA's wiring regulations. Control gear noise levels shall be minimal.

Para (745) Fittings shall be supplied complete with closed end vitreous enameled metal reflectors or
totally enclosed opal plastic diffusers which shall be fully interchangeable.

Para (746) Dispersive reflector fittings suitable for mercury bulb fluorescent or tungsten filament
lamps shall be of heavy gauge sheet steel finished vitreous enamel. They shall be fitted
with anti-vibrators and arranged for conduit box mounting, direct or pendant, on galvanised
ball and socket dome type lids.

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Para (747) Bulkhead fittings shall have cast bases tapped for conduit entry, hinged bezels, heat
resisting prismatic glasses fitted with neoprene gaskets and porcelain lampholders. Circuit
cable shall not be connected direct to bulkhead fittings but shall terminate in a fixed base
connector mounted in a conduit box adjacent to the fitting. Final connections to each fitting
shall be carried out with silicone rubber covered cable. All bulkhead fittings shall be
watertight pattern.

Para (748) Internal connections are to comprise stranded conductors not less than 0.75 mm2 covered
with heat resistant insulation to the requirements of BS.6500 or equivalent. All internal
wiring is to be adequately cleated to the fitting casing with an approved form of cleat. The
finish of fittings for interior use is to be impervious to deterioration by atmospheric
reaction. Fittings for exterior use shall have a vitreous enamel, natural aluminium or
galvanised finish according to the manufacturer's standard product.

Para (749) Lampholders for tungsten lamps up to 150 watts shall be brass or porcelain BC type and for
higher ratings shall be ES or GES type according to size. Fittings for housing tungsten
lamps exceeding 150 watts rating are to be provided with an approved method of
dissipating heat from the lamp cap and terminal housing.

Para (750) Lampholders as applicable are to be suitable for the lamp specified.

Para (751) Lighting fittings are to be of the type description as generally set out in the schedule
appended to this section of the Specification. The type references used are to be repeated in
the Schedules and on the drawings.

23.19. Lamps

Para (752) The Contract includes the supply and erection of all lamps and tubes necessary to complete
the installation.

Para (753) Fluorescent lamps shall be manufactured and tested in accordance with British Standard
1853. IEEC 81 or equivalent shall be bi-pin types and shall have colour rendering values of
X = 0.335 and Y = 0.342 (i.e., Colour 2) on the CIE chromaticity scale.

Para (754) Tungsten lamps shall be manufactured and tested in accordance with BS.161 or equivalent
and shall be bayonet cap for lamps up to and including 100 watts. Lamps rated for 150
watts and higher shall have edison screw caps. Low wattage lamps used in exit signs and
emergency lighting units may be small or miniature edison screw.

Para (755) Discharge lamps shall be manufactured and tested in accordance with British Standard
3677 or equivalent. Mercury vapour lamps shall be fluorescent types having a 10% red
ratio colour correction, whenever used.

23.20. Socket Outlets and Fused Spur Outlets

Para (756) Each socket outlet shall comply with the requirements of the British Standard 1363 or
equivalent and shall be the interlocked shuttered and switched types arranged for surface or
flush mounting in single or multi- gang units as appropriate.

Para (757) Each fused spur outlet shall be equipped with double pole isolator, a fuse to British
Standard 1362 or equivalent and where required front entry for flexible connection.

Para (758) Each socket outlet and fused spur outlet shall be equipped with a galvanised metal box with
earth terminal.

Para (759) Each group of five socket outlets is to be provided with a matching fused plug top. 3 nos.
of 63A sockets shall be provided in the GIS room at suitable location for the gas handling
plant. There shall be a separate heavy duty industrial type socket outlet of 200 Amps rating
with plug to be provided in the 132Kv GIS Room for HV testing of GIS.

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Para (760) All socket outlets for exterior use shall be galvanised and weather-proof and be equipped
with screwed dustproofed cap attached to the socket by means of a chain.

23.21. Time Switches

Para (761) Time switches for use with lighting systems shall be the synchronous motor wound types
protected by a suitably rated fuse for 220 volts operation with a nine hour reserve spring
and are to be fitted with a twenty-four hour hand set dial two "off" and two "on" levers and
manual operation pushbutton. The main contacts shall be rated for 20 Amps on a 220 Volt
50 Hz A.C. supply.

Para (762) Time switches shall be suitable for mounting in the distribution boards supplying the
circuits to be controlled.

23.22. Poles

Para (763) Lighting poles shall be tapered of hot dipped galvanised steel with bituminous preservative
inside and outside at the base and shall be approved by the Engineer.

Para (764) Each pole shall be equipped with a base section compartment of 470 mm by 150 mm to
house an inspection trap, lockable door, fused cutout, cable entry and terminations for both
the incoming and outgoing power cables and secondary cables feeding the light sources.

Para (765) Poles for substation lighting shall support the floodlights at minimum 4.5m above ground
level, and poles for access roadway lights shall support the lanterns at 10 m above ground
level.

Para (766) The Contractor shall ensure each pole is provided with foundations suitable for the ground
conditions occurring at each Site.

23.23. Interior Installations

Para (767) Wiring for the lighting and socket outlet installations shall comprise PVC cables drawn into
conduits attached to walls, structural or roof steelwork or ceilings as appropriate.

Para (768) Surface and flush type installations are required according to the particular area as indicated
in the schedule appended to this section.

Para (769) In areas where flush type installations are indicated the wiring shall be drawn into conduits
buried under wall finishes or concealed above ceilings as appropriate.

Para (770) All fixings shall be of a type approved by the Engineer and all metalwork used shall be
galvanised. Fixings to structural steelwork shall be with purpose made brackets or clamps,
the drilling of structural steelwork will not be permitted.

Para (771) Cleats with two screw fixings shall be used for supporting conduits at not greater than 2m
intervals.

Para (772) All switchboxes, socket outlet boxes and items of a similar type shall be fixed with two
screws or bolts.

Para (773) Switches and pushbuttons for lighting circuits shall be mounted at 1400mm above finished
floor level. Socket outlets shall be mounted 500m above finished floor level but those for
use with workshop benches shall be mounted 150 mm clear of the bench working surface
and in basement should be 750mm above finished floor level.

Para (774) Lighting fittings shall be attached to ceilings, walls, trunking or roof steelwork or
suspended therefrom as appropriate.

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Para (775) Where fittings are to be suspended, rod type suspension units shall be employed.

Para (776) Final connections to all suspended lighting fittings shall be with heat resistant flexible cable
terminated in porcelain clad connectors in the ceiling or junction box which shall also
terminate the main circuit cable. The cable length shall be such that the suspension unit
supports the full weight of the lighting fittings.

Para (777) Where recessed type lighting fittings are to be installed suspension units shall be used to
prevent the weight of the fittings being applied to the suspended ceiling. It shall be possible
to carry out maintenance from the underside of the fitting without disturbing the false
ceiling. To facilitate this need the final connection to each fitting shall be with heat
resistant flexible cable from a plug in type ceiling rose mounted above the false ceiling.

Para (778) All cables not contained within conduit for their whole route shall be terminated with a
cable gland.

Para (779) Where lighting fittings are mounted direct on walls or ceilings the main circuit cables may
be connected into the fitting terminal block. Where terminal blocks do not exist within the
lighting fitting flexible heat resistant cable shall be used connected to a separate junction
box.

Para (780) Earth continuity shall be maintained throughout the entire wiring installation with separate
insulated earth continuity conductors of adequate cross-section ultimately connected to a
common earth terminal at the respective distribution board.

Para (781) Within the interior installation adequate provision shall be made for connection to small
ventilating fans.

Para (782) Each and every trunking route shall be bonded across all joints with external copper
bonding links supplied for the purpose.

23.24. Exterior Installation

Para (783) Exterior substation lighting fittings shall be attached to substation walls at high level or pole
mounted as appropriate. Security lighting round the perimeter wall/fence is to be provided.

Para (784) Cables to exterior lighting shall be laid direct in ground, laid in concrete trenches or cleated
to buildings structures as appropriate to the route requirement. The cables shall be
terminated at a cut-out located at the base of each support. Wiring between the cut-out and
the control gear or lantern shall be with multicore cable run within poles or with cable
drawn into galvanised steel conduit attached to the supporting structure.

23.25. Essential Services

Para (785) A minimum of fifty per cent of the lighting and medium and low voltage power
distribution, in all areas, shall be arranged to be fed from the Essential Supplies Board on
failure of the normal ac supply.

23.26. Emergency Lighting

Para (786) Emergency lighting shall comprise lighting fittings of the types as indicated in the schedule
appended to this section of the Specification.

Para (787) The system shall be so arranged that on failure of the normal a.c. supplies to the lighting
installation the emergency lighting system will automatically be switched on. Other than
those of the "on demand" type, all emergency lighting shall be switched "off" 5 minutes
after restoration of normal supplies. Each emergency lighting unit shall have a minimum 3
hour rating.

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Para (788) Sufficient fittings of Type E3 shall be provided in each room to enable the rooms and
building to be evacuated safely.

Para (789) In addition in designated working areas emergency manually switched lighting to give not
less than 30 lux shall be provided utilising type E4 fittings. Switches shall be labeled to the
approval of the Engineer.

Para (790) The emergency lighting shall be supplied from a separate 110V battery of `L’ type
independent from the main substation battery, and shall have a back up time of 5 hrs and its
own separate battery charger. Other details regarding battery, battery charger and control
distribution board, mounting and other items shall be as per specification detailed in
1.5.1.6.6.01.

23.26.1. Portable Emergency Lighting

Para (791) Emergency portable rechargeable hand lamps shall be of the wall mounting charger/lamp
type. The lamp battery shall have a 4AH capacity with a discharge period in excess of 3
hours. The lamp shall be provided with main and auxiliary bulbs which can be switched by
an ON/OFF switch. A charge function monitoring LED is to be included. The hand lamps
shall be installed in all areas of the substation.

• The battery in the portable emergency wall mounted light should be housed in a
vertical position and should not be in horizontal position.

• In addition to the lamp control switch, there shall be an isolation switch, which when
kept in “off” position shall prevent its working (discharging of battery) even in case
of AC supply failure.

• Portable emergency lighting shall be provided in the following areas but not limited
to : -

GIS Room 2 nos. (one at each end)


11Kv/22 kV Switchgear rooms 2 nos. each room (one at each end)
Control room 2 nos
Battery, LVAC, DC Charger, Cap. 1 no. each room
Bank Room, Security Room,
Telecommunication / Scada Room,
Fire Pump Control Room
132kV & 11kV/22 kV basements, 2 nos. in each area.
Control Building Corridor

23.27. Telephone System

Para (792) A complete conduit/duct system shall be provided throughout the building including the
telephone cables etc.of both commercial and scada telephone to be run to the proposed
extension points. A layout drawing showing the proposal location shall be submitted for
Engineer’s approval.

23.28. Schedule of Lighting Fittings and Socket Outlets

Para (793) Lighting fittings described in this Schedule shall also meet the general requirements of the
Clause for Lighting Fittings of this Specification.

TYPE F1 Shall indicate a basic channel complete with control gear and lampholders
for one 1500 mm long fluorescent lamp, equipped with an open ended metal
reflector having upward light slots.

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TYPE F2 Shall indicate a fitting which shall comply generally with the description for
Type F1 but be equipped for use with two 1500 mm lamps.

TYPE F3 Shall indicate a recessed modular fitting louvre type approximately 1200
mm long 600 mm Wide suitable for mounting in a suspended ceiling. The
metalwork and trim are to comprise a rigid welded unit so arranged as to be
invisible when erected complete with controller. The fitting is to be
equipped with a pre-wired removable gear tray and adjusting facilities to
enable leveling relative to the ceiling to be carried out after erection. The
assembly is to be complete with control gear and lampholders for two nos.
1200 mm long fluorescent lamp.

TYPE F4 Shall indicate a fitting which shall generally comply with the description F3
but with three nos.1200 m long fluorescent lamps.

TYPE F5 Shall indicate a dust-tight weatherproof and vapour resistant fitting, having a
gray polyester fibre glass reinforced chassis containing the control gear and
having lampholders for one or two 1500 mm fluorescent lamp. The fitting
shall be complete with a vacuum formed acrylic diffuser which is secured to
the body with injection molded toggles and sealed with a neoprene gasket.

TYPE F6 Shall indicate a weatherproof bulkhead fitting with a cast aluminium base
and vandal resistant diffuser equipped with control gear and lampholders for
two 300 mm 8 watt fluorescent lamps.

TYPE E1 Shall indicate a self-contained, self-sustained (normally off) emergency


lighting unit, complete with integral batteries and control gear, with the
words "EXIT" in white letters on green background in English and Arabic.
It shall be energised from the batteries under mains failure conditions. The
mains failure device shall be sensed by an unswitched phase connection
from the local lighting circuit.

TYPE E2 Shall indicate a self contained, self-sustained (normally off) wall mounted
emergency lighting unit comprising a pilot light and two 50 watt spotlights
complete with control gear. The pilot light shall be energised under mains
failure conditions with manual "on demand" switches for the spotlights. The
mains failure device shall be sensed by an unswitched phase connection
from the local lighting circuit.

TYPE E3 Shall indicate a self-contained, self-sustained, maintained type wall or


ceiling mounted 60 or 40 watt emergency fluoresent lighting unit complete
with control gear. The lamps shall be energised from normal supply or from
emergency supply at all times.

TYPE E4 Shall indicate a 60 or 40 watt 110V DC wall or ceiling mounted emergency


fluoresent lighting unit which shall be manually switched and be similar to
type E3.

TYPE H1 Shall indicate forward throw floodlight fitting comprising a sheet steel
vitreous enameled or spun aluminium reflector housing a 250W high
efficiency mercury Vapour lamp. The fittings to be complete with wall
mounting bracket.

TYPE H2 Shall indicate a semi-cut off roadway lantern with housing manufactured
from a one piece LM6 aluminium alloy casting enameled white internally
and equipped with reflector bowl of heat resisting glass, all suitable for
housing the lampholders and control gears for 250 watt SON (High Pressure
Sodium Vapour) Lamps.
The fitting to be equipped with pole arm suitable to give an outreach of 1

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metre.

TYPE S1 Shall indicate a 13 Amp single or double gang flush mounted switched
socket outlet.

TYPE S2 Shall indicate a 13 Amp single or double gang surface mounted switched
socket outlet.

TYPE S3 To comprise an ironclad one gang heavy duty 4 pole interlocked fuse-
switched socket outlet with scraping earth connection suitable for use on a
380 Volt 3 phase 4 wire 50 Hz for 180 A. Each socket is to be supplied
complete with three HBC fuses and cable box with 2 glands, suitable for
terminating a PVCWPVC cable. The socket shall be fitted with a screwed
dustproof cap attached to the top of the socket by means of a chain.
Matching plugs to be provided in each socket.

TYPE S4 Shall indicate a 16 amp 3 phase 4 wire switched socket outlet with plug
flush mounted.
(a) shall indicate a 32 amp 3 phase 4 wire switched socket outlet with plug
flush mounted

TYPE S5 300 ampere TP & N 5 pin heavy duty interlocked metal-enclosed switch
sockets weatherproof to IP55 with brass screw cover and plugs for
installation in each transformer enclosure. The socket outlet shall be
compatible with those required for oil treatment plant supply.
The 300A, TP & N, 5 pin, heavy duty interlocked, metal enclosed socket
outlet shall have stainless steel enclosure tested to IP 55.
3 Nos. 63 Amps, 3 Phase, 5 Pin, 400V, Sockets shall be provided in the GIS
room (one at each end and one at middle) as specified in 132kV switchgear
specification, document no.1.5.1.2.2.01.
1 no. 13 Amps, 1 Phase, 3 Pin, 230V socket shall be provided in each IDT &
ET rooms for tapping supply for testing equipments and blower. Sockets
shall be as per clause 23.20 for exterior use.

23.29. Table II

Para (794) Schedule of Lighting Requirements for Substations and Control Building.

Service Type of Type of Type Outlet socket Type of


Illuminance Fittings Fixing Control and Type No. Installation
Switch
Lux Index Main Emer.

Control 300 16 F3 E1/E2 M L/A S1-4 F


Relay Room Behind Panels 100 - E3/E4 S4-1
Offices 300 16 F3 E3 M L/A S1-2 F
SCADA PLC Rooms 300 25 F3 E3/E4 M L/A S1-2 F
Battery Rooms 150 - F5 - C L - S
LV AC and DC Rooms 250 - F2 E4/E3 C L/A S2-1 S
Toilets 150 - F2 E3 - L/A S1-1 F
Main Transformer 120 - F5 E4 - L S5-2 S
Compounds S2-1
S4(a)-1
*
Grounding transformer 120 F5 E4 - L S-3-1 S
compounds
Foyer Passages Corridors, 200 22 F3 E1/E2 M L/A S1-2 F
Stairs E3
Roadways & External 20 - H2 E4 P.B T.S. - - -
Areas
Swithrooms 132KV: 300 - F2 E1/E2 C/D L/A S2-4 S

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33KV:11KV:22kV E3/E4
NE:415V: DC
Cable basements 150 - F5 E1/E2 C L/A S2-4 S
AC plant room and power 300 - F2 E2 C/D L/A S2-2 S
supplies
Store room 150 F2 E3 C L/A S2-1 S

Para (795) For key see Lighting Requirements and Schedule of Lighting Fittings and Socket Outlet
Clauses.

Para (796) *The 300A, TP & N, 5 pin, heavy duty interlocked, metal enclosed socket outlet shall have
stainless steel enclosure tested to IP 55.

24. CRANES

Para (797) Travelling crane(s) shall be provided for the 132kV GIS switchgear building. The crane(s)
shall be capable of lifting and accurately positioning all loads ranging from full crane rated
capacity to at least 10% rated capacity. The cranes shall be furnished with one hoist.

Para (798) The Contractor shall provide crane(s) of approved capacity to handle the heaviest load to be
encountered during normal maintenance and repairs and the heaviest indivisible load during
initial erection or when carrying out extensions. It shall be capable of lifting at least 5
tonnes.

Para (799) The crane shall have speeds under full load of: -

CRANE SPEED
Hoisting 2 metres/minute
Cross Travel 10 metres/minute
Long Travel 20 metres/minute
Creep speed of 25% of operating speed.

Para (800) The bridge of gantry trolley and hoist movements shall be controlled by suitable reversible
controllers. The bridge or gantry trolley and hoist control schemes shall permit variable
speeds in both directions of travel. Limit switches shall be provided at end limits of bridge,
trolley and hoist travel. The Control station shall be of the pendant type. If the switchgear
design and trunking make the use of a pendant suspended from the trolley impractical, a
pendant which can be plugged into stations at selected points around the switchroom should
be provided with an adequate lead length. These stations shall be located such that safe
control of the crane for all functions can be carried out at the front, rear or top of the
switchroom as required by the design.

Para (801) The electrical equipment shall consist of one motor for each crane motion, all of them
provided with brakes; controllers, resistors, magnetic contactors, overload protection and
limit switches; all complete with hardware, insulators and any other equipment necessary
for proper operation of the crane. The crane shall be so designed so as to guarantee fall-safe
and satisfactory operation. Brakes shall be able to arrest the heaviest load carried at any
position and hold it.

Para (802) A factor of safety of 1.5 times the maximum working load is to be taken into account for all
stress calculations and also shock loading.

Para (803) The bridge, trolley and hoist controllers of the crane shall each have five positions as
follows: two in the forward or raising direction, two in the backward or lowering direction
and one off position. Bridges and trolleys shall be fed from current collectors or by means
of cables adequately supported and provided with self-winding reels. Stepless control will
be accepted.

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Para (804) The crane bridge shall be of double beam construction using I-section trestle or box type
members, connected rigidly to the bridge trucks.

Para (805) A permanent service platform running the full length of the bridge shall be fitted to provide
access to all roof lights and fire detector equipment etc. The floor of the platform shall be
at such a height that a person can travel down the shop without risk or danger from any
overhead structure or roof beam. The platform shall be fitted with a safety rail but shall not
obstruct access to hoist travel mechanism or crane lift. Local control facilities shall also be
provided.

Para (806) Two lights shall be fitted to the trolley to illuminate the crane hook.

Para (807) The rails shall be fitted with steel stops and the end carriage equipped with spring buffers
on either side.

Para (808) Design drawings shall show details of the gears, bearings, drums, sheaves, trucks, wheels,
trolley drive, rails, stops, cables, hooks, rivets, bolts, lubrication and marking.

Para (809) Permanent means of access to the hoisting and travelling mechanism and a fixed crane
servicing platform shall be fitted to the building.

Para (810) The crane and all associated equipment shall be painted yellow. BSS 381 C colour 356
Golden Yellow with safe working load clearly painted on the crane beam in black.

Para (811) The main supply switch shall be 3-pole and neutral and is to be 3 position i.e.
ON/OFF/EARTH. In the earth position the crane and downshop leads will be earthed. The
switch shall be lockable in both OFF and EARTH position.

25. DATA SHEET

Para (812) For convenience certain basic design principles and dimensions are listed below. This is
not an exhaustive list and reference should also be made to the Technical Specification and
other Schedules as appropriate. The Contractor is required to adhere strictly to the
principles/dimensions listed, unless agreed otherwise in writing by the Engineer. Should
alternative greater dimensions be indicated on tender drawings, these shall take precedence.

Para (813) Minimum dimensions for equipment etc. in buildings: -

• Rear of panel/equipment to adjacent wall - 1.0 metre (Except for items intended for
"back to wall" mounting).

• Rear of panel/equipment to front of adjacent panel/equipment at east 1.5 metres.

• Front of panel/equipment to front of other panel/equipment when facing each other


depth of withdrawable unit to be turn 90 plus 2.0 metre at lest.

• Any outer part of enclosed switchgear, motor or generator on own baseplate to wall
or other equipment - 1.0 metre. For switchgear which may be withdrawn from its
housing, this dimension shall be taken from the front of the truck in its fully
withdrawn position.

• Allowance to included for access to plant front and rear for fire appliances.

• Safety clearances according to B.S. 7354.

Para (814) Minimum number of doors and means of access: -

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• Control and relay rooms - one set of double doors plus one single door at opposite
ends of room.
• HV Switchrooms as for (a). Doors to open outwards with handle.
• Corridors running complete length of building - double doors one end, single door
other end.
• Cable tunnels - two access hatches at opposite ends of tunnel.

26. LIST OF REFERENCES

26.1. Civil Works

BS12 Portland Cement


BS 497 Cast iron and cast steel
BS 729 Hot dipped galvanised coatings on iron and steel articles
BS 812 Testing aggregates
BS 882 Aggregates from natural sources for concrete
BS 1610 Materials testing machines and force verification equipment
BS 1722 Fences. Pt10.Anti-intruder chain link fences
BS 1881 Testing concrete
BS 2573 Rules for the design of cranes
BS 3148 Methods of test for water for making concrete
BS 4027 Sulphate-resisting Portland cement
BS 4102 Steel wire and wire products for fences
BS 4131 Terrazzo tiles
BS 4248 Supersulphated cement
BS 4514 PVC-U soil and ventilating pipes, fittings and accessories
BS 4550 Methods of testing cement
BS 4660 Unplasticised PVC-U pipes and fittings of nominal sizes 110 and 160 for
below ground gravity drainage and sewerage
BS 5328 Methods of specifying concrete
BS 5385 Wall and floor tiling
BS 5481 Unplasticised PVC pipe and fittings for gravity sewers
BS 5572 CP for sanitary pipework
BS 5930 CP for site investigations
BS 6031 CP for earthworks
BS 6150 CP for painting of buildings
BS 6297 CP for design and installation of small sewage treatment works and cess
pools
BS 6319 Testing of resin compositions for use in construction
BS 6367 CP for drainage of roofs and paved areas
BS 6399 Loadings for buildings: Pt.1 CP for dead and imposed loads, Pt.3 CP for
imposed roof loads
BS 6431 Ceramic floor and wall tiles
BS 6515 Polyethylene damp-proof courses for masonry
BS 6575 Fire blankets
BS 6949 Bitumen-based coatings
BS 8004 CP for foundations
BS 8110 Structural use of concrete
BS 8204 In-situ floorings
BS 8301 CP for building drainage
BS CP3 Chap.V Pt.2 Code of basic data for design of buildings: wind loads
IS 1893 Earthquake resistant design of structures
ACI 305.77 Hot weather concreting
CIRIA SP31 Guide to concrete construction in the Gulf region
ASTM C114 Chemical analysis of hydraulic cement
ASTM C227 Cement aggregate; test by mortar bar method for potential alkali
reactivity
ASTM C289 Potential alkali reactivity of aggregate; test for Portland cement concrete

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ASTM C342 Cement aggregate; test for potential volume changes


ASTM C586 Potential alkali reactivity of aggregates - rock cylinder test for carbonate
rocks
BCA Publication 97.303 CP for laying precast concrete block pavements

26.2. Lighting and Small Power

Para (815) Code of Practice Regulations for Electrical Equipment in Buildings 15th Edition.
Institution of Electrical Engineers.

BS 6004 Specification for PVC insulated cables (non armoured) for electric
power and lighting
BS 6346 Specification for PVC insulated cables for electricity supply
BS 6500 Specification for insulated flexible cords and cables
BS 6121 Mechanical cable glands
BS EN 60947 Specification for control gear for voltages up to and including
1000V a.c. and 1200V d.c
BS 4533 Luminaries
BS 3677 Specification for high pressure mercury vapour lamps
BS 1363 Specification for 13A fuse plugs and switched and unswitched
socket outlets
BS 1362 Specification for general purpose fuse links for domestic and similar
purposes (suitable for use in plugs)
BS 4568 Specification for steel conduit and fittings with metric threads of
150 form for electrical installation
BS 4066 Test on Electric cable under fire conditions
IEC 60332

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