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Subclinical Mastitis and Milk production in Morocco

Jamal Hossaini-Hilali (1997)


Department of Animal Physiology
Hassan II Agronomic & Veterinary Institute
BP 6202, Rabat-instituts, Rabat
Morocco
Ruminants Livestock in Morocco (millions)

• Cattle 2.6
Dairy breed 10%
• Sheep 12.1
• Goats 4.7
• Dromedary 0.05

Auriol, 1989.

Cow milk production in Morocco

Total milk Production (T) 914 000


Cow milk production (T) 850 000
Milk production per cow 820
Milk production per dairy cow 4000

Auriol, 1989.
Major constraints for improvement of cow milk production

The environment
Direct effect of climate
Indirect effect of climate
The animal
Breed
Nutrition
Health
The man

Importation of milk and milk products in Morocco

Importation of milk and milk products (T) 205 000


(Equivalent milk)

Deficit (%) 20
Cost of importation 37
(US Millions Dollars)

Auriol, 1989. The calculation were made using the following ratio:
25l/kg butter; 8l/kg cheese; 3l/kg of powder milk; 0.125l/yahourt.
Human milk consumption

Population (Millions) 23
Urban population (%) 45
Milk available for human 40
(Kg/year/person)

Auriol, 1989.

Prevalence of subclinical Mastitis in Morocco (CMT>2)

Regions % of cows with Authors


subclinical mastitis

Gharb 40 Lahlou-Kassi et al., 1981


Rabat, Méknès 54 Taoufiq, 1986
Méknès 57 Guetchom, 1995
Quarters with subclinical mastitis per cow

Number Percent

1 39
2 30
3 19
4 12

Guetchom, 1995.

Microbial culture of milk from quarter with subclinical mastitis

Staphylococcus aureus 31%


Non hemolytic staphylococcus 9%
Hemolytic Streptococcus 13%
Non hemolytic streptococcus 34%
Coliformes 4%
Others 9%

Guetchom, 1995.
Bibliographie

Guetchom, B. 1995. Epidémiologie et dépistages des mammites subcliniques dans les


troupeaux laitiers de la région de Meknès: Utilisation du CMT, du CCS et la LDH. .
Veterinary thesis, I.AV. Hassan II, Rabat, Morocco

Taoufiq, H. 1986. Epidémiologie des mammites bovines. Résultats d’une enquête.


Veterinary thesis, I.AV. Hassan II, Rabat, Marocco

Lahlou et al. 1981. Epidémiologie des mammites bovines dans des élevages bovins
laitiers au Maroc: fréquence des mammites cliniques et subcliniques. Hommes, Terre et
Eaux, 44: 87-93.

Auriol, P.1989. Situation laitière dans les pays du Maghreb et du sud-est de la


méditerranée. Options Mediterranéennes, Série séminaire, 6: 51-72