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TITLE:

ARC WELDING (SHIELDED METAL ARC WELDING AND GAS METAL ARC
WELDING)

INTRODUCTION:

Arc welding is one of alternative for joining process in manufacturing. Arc


welding process had done by create an electric arc between electrode and the
base material to melt the metal at the welding point using welding power supply.
The welding region is sometimes protected by some type of inert or semi-inert
gas, known as a shielding gas and sometime adds by an evaporating filler
material.

Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), also known as manual metal arc
(MMA) welding or informally as stick welding, is a manual arc welding process
that uses a consumable electrode coated in flux to lay the weld. They can use
either direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC) from a welding power
supply, used to form an electric arc between the electrode and the metals to be
joined. As the weld is laid, the flux coating of the electrode disintegrates, giving
off vapors that serve as a shielding gas and providing a layer of slag, both of
which protect the weld area from atmospheric contamination.

Gas metal arc welding (GMAW), sometimes referred to by its subtypes


metal inert gas (MIG) welding or metal active gas (MAG) welding, is a semi-
automatic or automatic arc welding process in which a continuous and
consumable wire electrode and a shielding gas are fed through a welding gun. A
constant voltage, direct current power source is most commonly used with
GMAW, but constant current systems, as well as alternating current, can be
used. There are four primary methods of metal transfer in GMAW, called
globular, short-circuiting, spray, and pulsed-spray, each of which has distinct
properties and corresponding advantages and limitations.
OBJECTIVES
● To know about SMAW and GMAW theoretically and practically.
● To know the different between SMAW (DCRP), SMAW (DRSP) and GMAW in
term of spatter, welded bead, and undercut.
● To learnt about terminology in welding.
● To learnt theoretically and practically how to use arc welding.
THEORY :

In arc welding, basically the principle is heating and melting of base metal
using electric arc. The electric arc formed when there is a voltage difference
between metal coating (on the electrode) and surface of the metal to be welding.
The arc will produce enough heat to melt the base metal and end of the electrode
to form point of molten metal.

Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW)


Shielded metal arc welding (SMAW), also known as manual metal arc
(MMA) welding or informally as stick welding, is a manual arc welding process
that uses a consumable electrode coated in flux to lay the weld. They can use
either direct current (DC) or alternating current (AC) from a welding power
supply, used to form an electric arc between the electrode and the metals to be
joined. As the weld is laid, the flux coating of the electrode disintegrates, giving
off vapors that serve as a shielding gas and providing a layer of slag, both of
which protect the weld area from atmospheric contamination.

Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)


Gas metal arc welding (GMAW), sometimes referred to by its subtypes
metal inert gas (MIG) welding or metal active gas (MAG) welding, is a semi-
automatic or automatic arc welding process in which a continuous and
consumable wire electrode and a shielding gas are fed through a welding gun. A
constant voltage, direct current power source is most commonly used with
GMAW, but constant current systems, as well as alternating current, can be
used. There are four primary methods of metal transfer in GMAW, called
globular, short-circuiting, spray, and pulsed-spray, each of which has distinct
properties and corresponding advantages and limitations.
SAFETY:
Welding is a process involving with electricity and high temperature (heat), so we
must take precaution in doing this process to as precaution. The safety are:

1) Wear safety equipment such as head shield, glove and apron (safety jacket)
before start welding.
2) Do not watch the ultraviolet rays spatter when welding using eye without a
head Shield.
3) Carry Out at a comfortable area and where the is good welding will be done
away from the flammable materials.
4) Do not disturb other student that are still work.
5) Do not use tools that we do not recognize.

APPARATUS:
1) Glove.
2) Wire brush.
3) Chipping hammer
4) Safety jacket
5) Head shield.
6) Electrode holder.
7) Pieces of metal.
8) SMAW main apparatus (electrode, power supply, etc.)
9) GMAW apparatus.