Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 234

MANUAL OF MYANMAR TRADITIONAL CHESS

MYANMAR SITBAYIN LAM NYUN SAR OAK GYI

BY

Shwe Kyin U BA

E-BOOK IS PREPARED
BY

FM MAUNG MAUNG LWIN

ORIGINAL BOOK BELONGS TO

U THAME ZAW
INTRODUCTION

Myanmar Traditional Chess is one of the most original chess variants played in the
world and it would merit much more attention. After chess was firstly introduced in India
around 400 AD, it reached to Myanmar in about 600 AD. Then ancient Myanmar people
adopted chess into their own way.

So some significant changes and differences are clearly visible and it has shown us
about the creativity of our ancestors. They made it different from other variants of chess
and looked more similar to actual fighting war where the position of the forces in strategic
points plays a vital role to judge the result of the fighting.

The game is played over a 64-squares board with two long diagonals clearly drawn
from one corner of the board to another corner. Pawns are placed in the fixed position as
shown below.

The other pieces are placed after, starting by Red first, followed then by Black. This
can be said as the most characteristic of Myanmar Traditional Chess. This freedom in
placement is probably a local answer to the slowness of development of the ancient Arab-
Indian game. It is comparable, although more modern and efficient, than the Ta'biya in
Shatranj (players chosen a determined starting arrangement) or the Werera in Senterej
(Ethiopian Chess, players were playing as many moves as they wanted at high speed until
the first capture).

The moves of the pieces come from ancient India. They are those encountered in
Thailand and Cambodia. The main difference is small and is related to the Pawn promotion
which is here obtained when the Pawn reaches the long diagonal square in the territory of
the opponent and Initial Pawn Structure.

Like in other Asian countries, the Queen and Bishops are here a General and two
Elephants and their moves are the old 1-step move on 4 and 5 directions respectively.
Manual of Myanmar Traditional Chess ( Original title in Myanmar language -
Myanmar Sitbayin Lam Hnyun Kyam Gyi ) written by Shwe Kyin U Ba and published in 1924,
is the first and earliest Myanmar chess book.

Now we are concentrating more on the development and promotion of Myanmar


Traditional Chess and we would like to share the beauties of Myanmar Traditional Chess to
chess enthusiasts all over the world.

Since this e-book version of the original book is in Myanmar language, it cannot meet
the needs of our chess friends from other countries. But it can be a gift for Myanmar
Traditional Chess players who are looking for the books of its kind.

Thanks shall be given to U Win Aung, Chairman of Myanmar Traditional Chess


Committee, who is trying hard to get the public attention and promoting our traditional
chess. U Thame Zaw is here to include his name for his never-ending love on Myanmar
Traditional Chess. Then may I convey the thanks to all the players and friends of Myanmar
Traditional Chess for their strong supports.

Maung Maung Lwin


President
Myanmar Chess Federation

9th September, 2010.


Yangon, MYANMAR.