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Project

University of Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi (Nalut campus) Ducksung Alpha


Client
Cosmo D&I Made by Date Page
Location
Libya, Nalut smp 15-Nov-2010 1
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. Checked Revision Job No
BS 8004:1986 etc. bjj - F01

STRUCTURE and FORCE DIAGRAMS DESIGN STATUS: VALID

DIMENSIONS (mm)
H= 3200 B= 2000 Tw = 250
Hw = 0 BI = 400 Tb = 300
Hp = 200 BN = 0 TN = 0
Hn = 0
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
fcu = 35 N/mm² γm = 1.5 concrete
fy = 460 N/mm² γm = 1.05 steel
cover to tension steel = 50 mm
Max allowable design surface crack width (W) = 0.3 mm
Concrete density = 24 kN/m³
SOIL PROPERTIES Wall Geometry
Design angle of int'l friction of retained mat'l (Ø) = 34 degree
Design cohesion of retained mat'l (C ) = 0 kN/m² (Only granular backfil considered, "C" = zero)
Density of retained mat'l (q ) = 20 kN/m³
Submerged Density of retained mat'l (qs ) = 13.33 kN/m³ [default=2/3*q (only apply when Hw >0) ] = 13.33
Design angle of int'l friction of base mat'l (Øb) = 20 degree ASSUMPTIONS
Design cohesion of base material (Cb ) = 10 kN/m² a) Wall friction is zero
Density of base material (qb ) = 10 kN/m³ b) Minimum active earth pressure = 0.25qH
Allowable gross ground bearing pressure (GBP) = 200 kN/m² c) Granular backfill
d)Does not include check of rotational slide/slope failure
LOADINGS Surcharge load -- live (SQK) = 10 kN/m² e)Does not include effect of seepage of ground
Surcharge load -- dead (SGK) = 10 water beneath the wall.
Line load -- live (LQK) = 15 kN/m f)Does not include deflection check of wall due to
Line load -- dead (LGK) = 20 kN/m lateral earth pressures
Distance of line load from wall (X) = 1000 mm h) Design not intended for walls over 3.0 m high

LATERAL FORCES (unfactored) Ka = 0.28 [ default ka = (1-SIN Ø)/(1+SIN Ø) ] = 0.28


Kp = 2.04 [ default kp = (1+SIN Øb)/(1-SIN Øb) ] =2.04
Kpc = 2.86 [ default kpc = 2kp0.5 ] = 2.86
Kac = 1.06 [ 2ka0.5 ]

Force Lever arm Moment about TOE γf Fult Mult


(kN) (m) (kNm) (kN) (kNm)
PE = 28.95 LE = 1.067 30.88 1.40 40.53 43.23
PS(GK) = 9.05 LS = 1.60 14.47 1.40 12.67 20.26
PS(QK) = 9.05 LS = 1.60 14.47 1.60 14.47 23.16
PL(GK) = 5.65 LL = 2.36 13.35 1.40 7.92 18.69
PL(QK) = 4.24 LL = 2.36 10.01 1.60 6.79 16.02
PW = 0.00 LW = 0.00 0.00 1.40 0.00 0.00
Total 56.94 83.19 82.37 121.36
PP = -6.12 (LP-HN) = 0.10 -0.60 1.00 -6.12 -0.60
University of Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi (Nalut campus) Ducksung Alpha
Project
Client Cosmo D&I Made by Date Page

Location Libya, Nalut smp 15-Nov-2010 2


RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. Checked Revision Job No

BS 8004:1986 etc. bjj - F01

EXTERNAL STABILITY STABILITY CHECKS : OK

OVERTURNING about TOE F.O.S = 1.50


(using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor) LOADING OPTION
Overturning Lateral FORCE (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm) (select critical load combination)
Moments PE = 28.95 LE = 1.07 30.88 EARTH
PS(GK) = 9.05 LS = 1.60 14.47 ✘ PS(GK)
PS(QK) = 9.05 LS = 1.60 14.47 ✘ PS(QK)
PL(GK) = 5.65 LL = 2.36 13.35 ✘ PL(GK)
PL(QK) = 4.24 LL = 2.36 10.01 ✘ PL(QK)
PW = 0.00 LW = 0.00 0.00 ✘ PW
∑P = 56.94
Pp = -6.12 (LP-HN) = 0.10 -0.60
∑ Mo = 82.59

Restoring Vertical FORCE (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm)


Moments Wall = 17.40 0.53 9.14
Base = 14.40 1.00 14.40
Nib = 0.00 0.00 0.00
Earth = 78.30 1.33 103.75
Water = 0.00 1.33 0.00
Surcharge = 27.00 1.33 35.78
Line load = 35.00 1.65 57.75
∑V = 172.10 ∑ Mr = 220.81

Factor of Safety, Mr / Mo = 2.67 > 1.50 OK

SLIDING (using overall factor of safety instead of partial safety factor) F.O.S = 1.50

Sum of LATERAL FORCES, P = 56.94 kN

PASSIVE FORCE, Pp x Reduction factor (1) = -6.12 kN Red'n factor for passive force = 1.00
BASE FRICTION ( ∑ V TANØb + B Cb ) = -82.64 kN
Sum of FORCES RESISTING SLIDING, Pr = -88.76 kN

Factor of Safety, Pr / P = 1.56 > 1.50 OK

GROUND BEARING FAILURE


Taking moments about centre of base (anticlockwise "+") :
BEARING PRESSURE (KN/m²)
0.00 0.24 0.48 0.72 0.96 1.20 1.44 1.68 1.92
Vertical FORCES (kN) Lever arm (m) Moment (kNm) 0.12 0.36 0.60 0.84 1.08 1.32 1.56 1.80
Wall = 17.40 0.48 8.27 0

Base = 14.40 0.00 0.00


Nib = 0.00 1.00 0.00
Earth = 78.30 -0.33 -25.45 50
Water = 0.00 -0.33 0.00
Surcharge= 27.00 -0.33 -8.78
Line load = 35.00 -0.65 -22.75
100
∑ V = 172.10 ∑ Mv = -48.71

Moment due to LATERAL FORCES, Mo = 82.59 kNm


150

Resultant Moment, M = Mv + Mo = 33.88 kNm

Eccentricity from base centre, M / V = 0.20 m


Therefore, MAXIMUM Gross Bearing Pressure (GRP) = 137 kN/m² < 200 OK
University of Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi (Nalut campus) Ducksung Alpha
Project
Client Cosmo D&I Made by Date Page

Location Libya, Nalut smp 15-Nov-2010 4


RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. Checked Revision Job No

BS 8004:1986 etc. bjj - F01

OUTER BASE ( per metre length ) BS8110


γf = 1.46 (default = ult mt / non-factored mt.
1.46)= reference
V ult = 63.41 kN
M ult = 21.82 kNm (TENSION - BOTTOM FACE)

BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT : Min. As = 390 mm2 Table 3.25


φ= 12 mm
centres = 200 mm < 744 OK 3.12.11.2.7(b)
Asprov = 565 mm2 > 390 OK

MOMENT of RESISTANCE : d = 244 mm


z = 231.80 mm 3.4.4.4
As' = 0 mm2
Mres = 57.43 kNm > 21.82 OK

SHEAR RESISTANCE: 100 As/bd = 0.23%


vc = 0.49 N/mm2 Table 3.8
Vres = 119.90 kN > 63.41 OK 3.5.5.2

CHECK CRACK WIDTH IN ACCORDANCE WITH BS8007 :


X= 56.50 mm εm = 0 BS8007
Acr = 108.61 mm W= -0.20 mm < 0.30 OK App. B.2

INNER BASE ( per metre length )


V ult = 81.35 kN
M ult = 99.54 kNm (TENSION - TOP FACE)

TOP REINFORCEMENT : Min. As = 390 mm2 Table 3.25


φ = 16 mm
centres = 150 mm < 380 OK 3.12.11.2.7(b)
Asprov = 1340 mm2 > 390 OK

MOMENT RESISTANCE : d = 242 mm


z = 223.22 mm 3.4.4.4
As' = 0 mm2
Mres = 131.08 kNm > 99.54 OK

SHEAR RESISTANCE: 100 As/bd = 0.55%


vc = 0.66 N/mm2 Table 3.8
Vres = 159.32 kN > 81.35 OK 3.5.5.2

CHECK CRACK WIDTH wrt BS8007 : (Temperature and shrinkage effects not included)
X= 80.69 mm εm = 0 BS8007
Acr = 86.81 mm W= 0.22 mm < 0.30 OK App. B.2

REINFORCEMENT SUMMARY for BASE

Type φ Centers As Min. As


mm mm mm2 mm2
TOP (DESIGN) T 16 150 1340 390 OK
BOTTOM (DESIGN) T 12 200 565 390 OK
TRANSVERSE T 12 200 565 390 OK
Ducksung Alpha
Project University of Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi (Nalut campus)
Client Cosmo D&I Made by Date Page

Location Libya, Nalut smp 15-Nov-2010 5


RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. Checked Revision Job No

BS 8004:1986 etc. bjj - F01

APPROXIMATE WEIGHT OF REINFORCEMENT

No. Type Dia Length Unit Wt Weight

WALL VERTICAL - External face 6 T 10 2980 0.617 11.02


VERTICAL - Internal face 9 T 16 3028 1.578 43.01
TRANSVERSE (Ext.& Int.) 30 T 10 1000 0.617 18.50

BASE TOP (MAIN) 7 T 16 2128 1.578 23.51


BOTTOM (MAIN) 6 T 12 2096 0.888 11.17
TRANSVERSE ( T & B ) 22 T 12 1000 0.888 19.53
WALL STARTERS (Ext.) 6 T 10 1025 0.617 3.79
WALL STARTERS (Int.) 9 T 16 1265 1.578 17.97

NIB (assume same reinforcement as wall)


INTERNAL FACE (MAIN) 6 T 10 80 0.617 0.30
EXTERNAL FACE (MAIN) 9 T 16 128 1.578 1.82
TRANSVERSE (EXT.+ INT.) 2 T 10 1000 0.617 1.23

SUMMARY Approx total reinforcement per metre length of wall (kg) 151.8
Diagrams

Project University of Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi (Nalut campus)


Location Libya, Nalut DATA FOR DIAGRAMS I
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. sheet 1 of 2 Made by smp Job No F
BS 8004:1986 etc.

DESIGN STATUS: VALID

IF(ABS(ECCY)>B/1000/2,"BEARING FAIL",IF(ABS(ECCY)>(B/1000)/6,(2*VL)/(3*((B/1000)/2-ABS(ECCY))),(VL/(B/1000)*(1+(6*ABS(ECCY))/(B/1000)))))

IF(ECCY>(B/1000)/6,IF(XX>(B/1000/2-ECCY)*3,0,(((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3-XX)/((B/1000/2-ECCY)*3))*BP),((VL/(B/1000)*(1-(6*ECCY)/(B/1000))))+(B/1000-XX)/(B/1000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*
(6*ECCY)/(B/1000)))))
2

1 86.05
0 136.88 3 BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM
0.2 126.71 3 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5
0.4 116.55 3 0.00

0.6 106.38 3
0.8 96.22 3 50.00
KN/M^2

1 86.05 3
1.2 75.88 3
100.00
1.4 65.72 3
1.6 55.55 3
1.8 45.39 3 150.00
M
2 35.22 3
2 0.00 0
IF(ECCY<0,B/1000-B/1000/50*B24,B/1000/50*B24)
86.05
0 0.00 136.877 BEARING PRESSURE DIAGRAM
0 136.877 0.040 5.475 2.765 0.040 5.475
1 0.04 134.844 0.00 0.24 0.48 0.72 0.96 1.20 1.44 1.68 1.92
1 134.844 0.040 5.394 2.508 0.040 5.394
2 0.08 132.811 0.12 0.36 0.60 0.84 1.08 1.32 1.56 1.80 2 132.811 0.040 5.312 2.258 0.040 5.312
0
3 0.12 130.778 3 130.778 0.040 5.231 2.014 0.040 5.231
4 0.16 128.745 4 128.745 0.040 5.150 1.777 0.040 5.150
5 0.20 126.712 5 126.712 0.040 5.068 1.546 0.040 5.068
KN/M^2

50
6 0.24 124.679 6 124.679 0.040 4.987 1.322 0.040 4.987
7 0.28 122.646 7 122.646 0.040 4.906 1.104 0.040 4.906
8 0.32 120.613 8 120.613 0.040 4.825 0.893 0.040 4.825
100
9 0.36 118.580 9 118.580 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
10 0.40 116.546 10 116.546 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
11 0.44 114.513 11 114.513 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
150
12 0.48 112.480 12 112.480 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
M
13 0.52 110.447 13 110.447 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
14 0.56 108.414 14 108.414 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
15 0.60 106.381 15 106.381 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
16 0.64 104.348 86.05 16 104.348 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
17 0.68 102.315 BP 0 136.88 17 102.315 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
18 0.72 100.282 BPE 0.4 116.55 18 100.282 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
19 0.76 98.249 BPI 0.65 103.84 19 98.249 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
20 0.80 96.215 BPZ 2 35.22 20 96.215 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
21 0.84 94.182 21 94.182 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
22 0.88 92.149 22 92.149 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
23 0.92 90.116 23 90.116 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
24 0.96 88.083 24 88.083 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
25 1.00 86.050 25 86.050 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
26 1.04 84.017 26 84.017 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
27 1.08 81.984 27 81.984 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
28 1.12 79.951 28 79.951 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
29 1.16 77.918 29 77.918 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
30 1.20 75.885 30 75.885 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
31 1.24 73.851 31 73.851 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
32 1.28 71.818 32 71.818 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
33 1.32 69.785 33 69.785 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
34 1.36 67.752 34 67.752 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
35 1.40 65.719 35 65.719 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
36 1.44 63.686 36 63.686 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
37 1.48 61.653 37 61.653 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
38 1.52 59.620 38 59.620 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
39 1.56 57.587 39 57.587 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
40 1.60 55.554 40 55.554 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
41 1.64 53.520 41 53.520 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
42 1.68 51.487 42 51.487 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
43 1.72 49.454 43 49.454 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
44 1.76 47.421 44 47.421 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
45 1.80 45.388 45 45.388 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
46 1.84 43.355 46 43.355 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
47 1.88 41.322 47 41.322 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
48 1.92 39.289 48 39.289 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
49 1.96 37.256 49 37.256 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
50 2.00 35.22 50 35.223 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
46.348 16.185 46.348

Page 5
Diagrams

Project University of Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi (Nalut campus)


Location Libya, Nalut DATA FOR DIAGRAMS II
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. sheet 1 of 2 Made by smp Job No F
BS 8004:1986 etc.

YY= 2.9 MTE= 0.00


MTLG= 0.00
MTLQ= 0.00
MTSG= 0
MTSQ= 0.00
MTW= 0.00

UTM= 0.00
0.00
0 0.00 0 0.00 MOMENT DIAGRAM
1 0.06 0 0.06
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1
2 0.12 0 0.12 0.00
3 0.17 0 0.17 0.12
4 0.23 0 0.23 0.23
0.35
5 0.29 0 0.29 0.46
6 0.35 0 0.35 0.58
7 0.41 0 0.41 0.70
0.81
8 0.46 0 0.46
0.93
9 0.52 0 0.52 1.04
10 0.58 0 0.58 1.16
11 0.64 0 0.64
WALL (M)

1.28
1.39
12 0.70 0 0.70
1.51
13 0.75 0 0.75 1.62
14 0.81 0 0.81 1.74
15 0.87 0 0.87 1.86
1.97
16 0.93 0 0.93 2.09
17 0.99 0 0.99 2.20
18 1.04 0 1.04 2.32
19 1.10 0 1.10 2.44
2.55
20 1.16 0 1.16 2.67
21 1.22 0 1.22 2.78
22 1.28 0 1.28 2.90

23 1.33 0 1.33 ULT. MT (KNM)


24 1.39 0 1.39
25 1.45 0 1.45
26 1.51 0 1.51
27 1.57 0 1.57
28 1.62 0 1.62
29 1.68 0 1.68
30 1.74 0 1.74
31 1.80 0 1.80
32 1.86 0 1.86
33 1.91 0 1.91
34 1.97 0 1.97
35 2.03 0 2.03
36 2.09 0 2.09
37 2.15 0 2.15
38 2.20 0 2.20
39 2.26 0 2.26
40 2.32 0 2.32
41 2.38 0 2.38
42 2.44 0 2.44
43 2.49 0 2.49
44 2.55 0 2.55
45 2.61 0 2.61
46 2.67 0 2.67
47 2.73 0 2.73
48 2.78 0 2.78
49 2.84 0 2.84
50 2.90 0 2.90

0 0 WALL GEOMETRY
0 300 4000
400 300
3500
400 3200
650 3200 3000
650 300 2500
2000 300
WALL (mm)

2000
2000 0
0 0 1500
0 0
1000
0 0
0 0 500

0 0 0
0

1000

2000

3000

4000

3200 2000 BASE ( mm)

Page 6
Diagrams

de by smp Job No F01


Date 15-Nov-10

1000)*(BP-(VL/(B/1000)*(1-

0.04 5.475
0.04 5.394
0.04 5.312
0.04 5.231
0.04 5.150
0.04 5.068
0.04 4.987
0.04 4.906
0.04 4.825
0.04 4.743
0.04 4.662
0.04 4.581
0.04 4.499
0.04 4.418
0.04 4.337
0.04 4.255
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
0 0.000
77.843

Page 7
Diagrams

de by smp Job No F01


Date 15-Nov-10

Page 8
Project University of Al-Jabal Al-Gharbi (Nalut campus)
Location Libya, Nalut CRACK WIDTH CALCULATIONS
RETAINING WALL design to BS 8110:1997, BS 8002:1994. Made by smp Job No F01
BS 8004:1986 etc. Date 15-Nov-10

WALL
MR= 15.06 MIN SPACING= 239 ASreq = 1321.9 fs = 252.03 Asprov%= 0.84
As/bd= 0.008 MSBB= 744 ASBBreq = 0.01 fs = 0.01 Asprov%= 0.23
X= 75.21 MSBT= 380 ASBTreq = 1017.93 fs = 232.89 Asprov%= 0.55
Ic= ###
STS= 0.0013
ST1= 0.0019
ST2= 0
Acr= 77.27
W= 0.26
εm= 0.0015

MR= 15.06 MR= 15.06


AsBB/bd= 0.0023 AsBB/bd= 0.0055
X= 56.50 X= 80.69
Ic= ### Ic= ###
STS= 0.0004 STS= 0.0012
ST1= 0.0005 ST1= 0.0016
ST2= 0 ST2= 0
Acr= 108.61 Acr= 86.81
W= -0.20 W= 0.22
εm= -0.0009 εm= 0.0011

Page 9
Notes

Disclaimer
All advice or information from the British Cement Association and/or Reinforced Concrete Counc
will evaluate the significance and limitations of its contents and take responsibility for its use a
(including that for negligence) for any loss resulting from such advice or information is accepte
subcontractors, suppliers or advisors. Users should note that all BCA software and publications
time to time and should therefore ensure that they are in possession of the latest version.

This spreadsheet should be used in compliance with the accompanying publication 'Spreadshee
8110 and EC2' available from British Cement Association, Telford Avenue, Crowthorne, Berkshir

Status of spreadsheet
Public release version.

Revision history RCC62 Retaining Wall.xls

Date Version Action


First public release.
06-Aug-99 RCC62 v1.0
Includes β version comments

Page 10
Notes

Page 11
Notes

or Reinforced Concrete Council is intended for those who


ke responsibility for its use and application. No liability
vice or information is accepted by the BCA, RCC or their
CA software and publications are subject to revision from
on of the latest version.

nying publication 'Spreadsheets for concrete design to BS


Avenue, Crowthorne, Berkshire RG45 6YS.

Size (kB)
398

Page 12
Notes

Page 13
Notes

Page 14
Notes

Page 15