Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 58

c 

Foundation Of
Individual
&
Organizational
Behavior
c 
!BA( Business Economics )

Submitted By

Sameer Goswami

Submitted To Inayat Hussain

!rs.««««
«« Jasvinder Kaur

Shubha Shrivastava

Rajesh Gautam
ÄÄÄ 


Individual Behavior
 ¦   Ä        
 


Ä  





  

   




 
  
 
 
 
   
  
ÄÄÄ 


So, lets look at the task and try to


decide what kind of person we need
to successfully accomplish it. ± A
task/ability fit.
ÄÄÄ 


cets start with ability


  

  
  
 ¦       
Ä 
 
ÄÄÄ 


hysical Abilities

 
   
    
  




ÄÄÄ 


xine hysical Abilities


Strength Factors
1. Dynamic strength
2. Trunk strength
3. Static strength
4. Explosive strength Flexibility Factors
5. Extent flexibility
6. Dynamic flexibility
Other Factors
7. Body coordination
8. Balance
9. Stamina
ÄÄÄ 


Intellect, and Intelligence

 


 
    


  



 

    

 
   

ÄÄÄ 


¦ognitive Intelligence
  
  
 
  
 

  
 !
 Ä
 ¦ 
   
"    

 
 Ä
 #   

 Ä
ÄÄÄ 


Dimensions of Intellectual Ability

$ xumber aptitude
$ Verbal comprehension
$ erceptual speed
$ Inductive reasoning
$ Deductive reasoning
$ Spatial visualization
$ !emory
ÄÄÄ 


Social Intelligence
 ¢ ÄÄÄ Ä
 
 !  
  

  %
 

 &    '   
   Ä
   Ä  
 ¢  Ä    
  
     
    
  Ä 
 
 Ä 
 
     Ä 
 
ÄÄÄ 


Social Intelligence
 %
¦  
   
 
 (
 %
 

 %
 
 %
  
 %
   
 %
) 
ÄÄÄ 


Emotional Intelligence
 !  
 

$ * 

      
 

   
$    
     
  
$ +      


ÄÄÄ 


Emotional Intelligence
 ï * 
 + ,    -     
    

     
Ä    
  
   
  
    

$          

ÄÄÄ 


¦ultural Intelligence
   
  
   
    Ä 
   
 .
    Ä 
 )  
ÄÄÄ 


Biographical ¦haracteristics
   
  
   
 
  
 
  
 
 
 

 /
     
  

  )   
ÄÄÄ 


cearning
     
   


  


cearning
$ Involves change
$ Is relatively permanent
$ Is acquired through experience
ÄÄÄ 


Theories of cearning
¦lassical ¦onditioning
  
   Ä
   
  Ä       


 

Key ¦oncepts
$ Unconditioned stimulus
$ Unconditioned response
$ ¦onditioned stimulus
$ ¦onditioned response
ÄÄÄ 

ÄÄÄ 

ÄÄÄ 


Theories of cearning (cont¶d)


Operant ¦onditioning
  
   Ä
   
  Ä      

Key ¦oncepts
$ Reflexive (unlearned) behavior
$ ¦onditioned (learned) behavior
$ Reinforcement
ÄÄÄ 

ÄÄÄ 

ÄÄÄ 


Theories of cearning (cont¶d)


Social-cearning Theory
 
      

 


Key ¦oncepts
$ Attentional processes
$ Retention processes
$ !otor reproduction processes
$ Reinforcement processes
ÄÄÄ 


Theories of cearning (cont¶d)


Shaping Behavior
% 
   
 


 
   
   

Key ¦oncepts
$ Reinforcement is required to change behavior.
$ Some rewards are more effective than others.
$ The timing of reinforcement affects learning
speed and permanence.
ÄÄÄ 


¦ompanies look for employees that


have the capabilities to do the job
the company needs done«.

But nobody comes with everything


that is needed.
ÄÄÄ 


Behaviorism
 
   
      ,    
-
 Ä 
 !  
   
     

 0   1 Ä"
 "  
    

ÄÄÄ 


The learning process


 ¦       


 
      
 Ä    
    
  
 ¦

  1 '  

 ¦ 
 /  
  1 #Ä      
        
 
ÄÄÄ 


cearning Styles Theory


   
    .

  
  
     
 Ä        
 Ä
    ÄÄ

  
 Ä 

    
ÄÄÄ 


cearning Styles Theory


 !   
   

  
     
 
       
 
    
 
  
 ¦
1   
    
 
1       
 
   "    
 
 
 "    Ä    Ä
 #
 
 1 
    
  
ÄÄÄ 


Traditional schooling tends to favor


abstract perceiving and reflective
processing. Other kinds of learning
aren't rewarded and reflected in
curriculum, instruction, and
assessment nearly as much
ÄÄÄ 


¦onstructivism
¦ 
          
  
    
Ä


  Ä     Ä Ä 

    Ä 22 2 
 2Ä
Ä    
 
 0      

)     

  Ä
 
 
ÄÄÄ 


Discussion
 0  
    
   3   wholes Ä
      
 
Ä      

 
 

   
 
    
ÄÄ   
    
Ä  
        
          


  Ä    ) .22
 Ä   4   
ÄÄÄ 


Organizational Behavior
ÄÄÄ 


Organization Behavior
    

    
  
Ä   .        

 Ä Ä      . '

 
ÄÄÄ 

ÄÄÄ 


sychology


    
 
      
 
ÄÄÄ 


Sociology
        Ä 
 
ÄÄÄ 


Social sychology
 Ä  
    

  

    
    
 
 
      
ÄÄÄ 


Anthropology
  
      


ÄÄÄ 


There Are Few Absolutes in OB


¦  
 5!  67
% 
    
Ä Ä 
 8    
    
   

 ¦   9 ë  

 ¦   : ë  ;/ 
ÄÄÄ 


¦hallenges and Opportunities for OB


 Responding to Globalization
 
    
 (  Ä    

 ¦  Ä "
 

 /    )  
 Ä
 Ä"
 
      Ä  
 !anaging Workforce Diversity
 
 
 ¦  & %   

  
   
$ #
 .     

ÄÄÄ 


!ajor Workforce Diversity ¦ategories





u  



 



u 
 
 
ÄÄÄ 


¦hallenges and Opportunities for OB (cont¶d)

 Improving Quality and roductivity


 ´   ,´-
 
   
 Responding to the cabor Shortage
 ¦  Ä  
  

 +Ä 
     Ä 
 Improving ¦ustomer Service
 
 
  
3
 ¦ " 

ÄÄÄ 


What Is Quality !anagement?


9   
 
 
: ¦
  
     
<     3    
 .  
= 

 
>  Ä    
ÄÄÄ 


¦hallenges and Opportunity for OB (cont¶d)

      
  Ä   
 %    
 
 ¦  Ä5  7
 (    Ä   . 
 ¢    
Ä ?


    
 
      Ä  
ÄÄÄ 


A Downside to Empowerment?
ÄÄÄ 


Basic OB !odel, Stage I


 
  
      "Ä 
 
ÄÄÄ 


The Dependent Variables


 
      
,Ä  .  
  
  -

ë
ÄÄÄ 


The Dependent Variables (cont¶d)


 

  



  



 

   




   Ä


ÄÄÄ 


The Dependent Variables (cont¶d)

 
   Ä 

 
    
       
ÄÄ  
 .
ÄÄÄ 


The Dependent Variables (cont¶d)


! (  
 
@     
 
   .   
  Ä"  
 .  ?   
ÄÄÄ 


The Dependent Variables (cont¶d)


/ . ¦.   
,/¦-
!
      
   ' ) 3 
    


     .
ÄÄÄ 


The Dependent Variables (cont¶d)


ï %

 ,  - Ä ') A
   4)    
  



ÄÄÄ 


The Independent Variables


 
  
     
A)       

Independent
Variables ¦an Be

Individual-cevel Group-cevel Organization


Variables Variables System-cevel
Variables
ÄÄÄ 


22 
c 

´ B
c