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Contents

Item (B1/F-176/2010/14): To consider the AICTE Recognition and Approval for YCMOU Academic
Programmes in Applied Arts, Architecture, Technical, Management, Hotel Management and Catering
Technology and Pharmacy Disciplines .................................................................................................... 3
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 3
Is AICTE Approval Necessary for University? ...................................................................................... 3
Can any MoU empower any legal entity beyond its own Act? ........................................................... 4
How AICTE can Discriminate Distance Education? ............................................................................. 5
AICTE and YCMOU............................................................................................................................... 6
What AICTE is delivering when compared to its Own Objectives?..................................................... 7
Can MHRD issues instructions to IGNOU and YCMOU, against the Provisions of their respective
Acts? .................................................................................................................................................... 7
AMIE and Distance Education ............................................................................................................. 9
Appendix 01: SCoI Appeal (Civil) 2056 of 1999 (20010924) ................................................................. 10
Appendix 02: AICTE Public Notices ....................................................................................................... 19
Appendix 02-01: 20060216 ............................................................................................................... 19
Appendix 02-02: 2006-07.................................................................................................................. 20
Appendix 02-03: 20070417 ............................................................................................................... 21
Appendix 02-04: 2009 ....................................................................................................................... 22
Appendix 02-05: 2010 ....................................................................................................................... 23
Appendix 02-06: 20100309 ............................................................................................................... 24
Appendix 02-07: 20100313 ............................................................................................................... 25
Appendix 03: AICTE Replies to RTI Queries........................................................................................... 26
Appendix 03-01: 20071004 ............................................................................................................... 26
Appendix 03-02: 20080820 ............................................................................................................... 27
Appendix 03-03: 20090213 ............................................................................................................... 28
Appendix 04: AICTE Documents............................................................................................................ 29
Appendix 04-01: Output of AICTE Efforts ......................................................................................... 29
Appendix 04-02: AICTE Policy and Format for Equivalence of Programmes .................................... 30
Appendix 04-03: AICTE Policy about Distance Education ................................................................. 33
Appendix 05: About AMIE Approval and Recognition .......................................................................... 34
Appendix 05-01: GoI Approval for AMIE (19780816) ....................................................................... 34
Appendix 05-02: AICTE Approval not required for AMIE (20010109) .............................................. 35

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Appendix 05-03: MHRD Approval for AMIE (20060116) .................................................................. 36
Appendix 05-04: Gazette Notification for AMIE Equivalence (20060211) ....................................... 37
Appendix 05-05: DEC Approval not required for AMIE (20070807) ................................................. 38
Appendix 06: About DEC Approval and Recognition ............................................................................ 39
Appendix 06-01: DEC Approval to YCMOU Programmes ................................................................. 39
Appendix 06-02: DEC Recognition Policy and Approval to YCMOU ................................................. 40
Appendix 06-03: DEC Reply to MHRD Circular and JC Approval ....................................................... 43
Appendix 07: Gazette Notification for Recognition after DEC Approval (19950301) ........................... 44
Appendix 08: MHRD Letter Not Applicable to IGNOU (20100512) ...................................................... 45
Appendix 09: MHRD Orders .................................................................................................................. 46
Appendix 09-01: MHRD on UGC AICTE Role & Powers about DUs (20060405) ............................... 46
Appendix 09-02: MHRD File Noting about Distance Education Mode (20090708) .......................... 50
Appendix 09-03: MHRD Letter about Distance Education Mode (20090729).................................. 54
Appendix 10: Students Complaints ....................................................................................................... 55
Appendix 10-01: 20080805 ............................................................................................................... 55
Appendix 10-02: 20090602 ............................................................................................................... 56
Appendix 11: UGC Documents.............................................................................................................. 57
Appendix 11-01: UGC Approval to YCMOU (199212) ....................................................................... 57
Appendix 11-02: UGC Recognition to Degrees awarded by YCMOU (20041102) ............................ 58
Appendix 12: UKOU Programmes in Engineering and Technology ...................................................... 60
Appendix 12-01: UKOU UG Programmes in Engineering & Technology........................................... 60
Appendix 12-01: UKOU PG Programmes in Engineering & Technology ........................................... 63
Appendix 13: YCMOU Correspondence ................................................................................................ 66
Appendix 13-01: YCMOU AICTE 20060311-01 .................................................................................. 66
Appendix 13-02: YCMOU AICTE 20060311-02 .................................................................................. 67
Appendix 13-03: AICTE YCMOU 20060519 ....................................................................................... 68
Appendix 13-04: YCMOU DEC 20100106 ............................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Appendix 13-05: YCMOU MHRD 20100106 ......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.
Appendix 13-06: YCMOU DTE 20100710 ............................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.
Appendix 13-07: YCMOU AICTE 20100710 .......................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

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Item (B1/F-176/2010/14): To consider the AICTE
Recognition and Approval for YCMOU Academic
Programmes in Applied Arts, Architecture,
Technical, Management, Hotel Management and
Catering Technology and Pharmacy Disciplines
Introduction
There are about 50,000 students pursuing the higher technical and professional education from
open and distance mode education system like statutory and UGC recognized Open Universities.
Mostly these students are from weaker sections of society and they are drop outs from the
conventional education system. They do not have any education opportunity from the conventional
education system. Due to recent advertisements published by AICTE in the various newspapers of
India, now these students are denied opportunities for 'higher education, promotion and
employment' without any justifiable and sufficient legal reasons.

Is AICTE Approval Necessary for University?


Background Information for Question 01-11: As per the Judgment No Appeal (civil) 2056 of 1999
dated 24/09/2001 of Hon Supreme Court of India (Appendix 01 available here), Universities
(which are established by state or central Act and duly recognized by UGC) do not require “All India
Council of Technical Education (AICTE)” approval, for the launch of any technical programmes like
“Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.)” or “Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.)” as universities are excluded
from the definition of technical institution as per the Section 2(h) of AICTE ACT (1987).

In the public notice by an AICTE regarding “List of Unapproved Institutions (Appendix 02-02
available here)” (No AICTE/Legal/03(01)/2006-07) it was clearly stated in that “FOR THE
ATTENTION OF STUDENTS SEEKING ADMISSION TO TECHNICAL COURSES OFFERED
BY INSTITUTIONS (OTHER THAN UNIVERSITIES INCLUDING DEEMED TO BE UNIVERSITIES, IITs AND
IIMs)". This clearly confirms that “List of Unapproved Institutions” is not applicable for
any universities including deemed to be universities, IITs and IIMs.

This can be further confirmed by the fact that any of the B.Tech. Degree from any “Indian Institute
of Technology (IITs)” of India is not formally recognized by AICTE, as they are all recognized
universities by “University Grants Commission (UGC)”.

Above fact is also clearly confirmed by AICTE in Letter No “F.No. 22-2408/2009 .RIA (Appendix
03-03)” dated 15-02-2009, which was an answer to Query under “Right to Information (RTI)” by
“Shri Kishore Hiralal Pardeshi”. RTI query was "As YCMOU is Open University, whether AICTE
approval is necessary?” AICTE answer to this RTI query is "As per existing policy to start with
Technical courses by any institution, AICTE approval is mandatory. (However, approved universities
by Central/State Government and UGC are not covered under this category)". This fact is also
clearly confirmed by AICTE in Letter No “F.No. AICTE/RTI Cell/2007/438 (Appendix 03-01)”
dated 04-Oct-2007, which was an answer to Query under “Right to Information (RTI)” by “Shri Sohan

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Lal”. AICTE answer to this RTI query is “Degrees / Diplomas obtained through Distance mode and
approved by DEC does not require AICTE approval”. This same fact is also clearly confirmed by
AICTE in Letter No “F.No. AICTE/RTI Cell/2008/431 (Appendix 03-02)” dated 20-Aug-2008,
which was an answer to Query under “Right to Information (RTI)” by “Shri C A Annantha”.

Can any MoU empower any legal entity beyond its own
Act?
Although above facts are very clearly confirming that universities do not require an AICTE approval
for launch of any technical programmes, AICTE had published Advertisement No.
“AICTE/legal/2(3)/2006 (Appendix 02-01)” and “Legal/01 (02) /2009 (Appendix 02-04)” in
various newspapers in India and “F.No.37-3/Legal/AICTE/2007 (Appendix 02-03 available
here)” cautioning students seeking admission to the programmes/courses of technical education
being imparted through distance education mode, without clearly stating that it do not apply to any
recognized university of India. Advertisement No “Legal / 01 (02) /2009” further states that "any
programme/course of technical education conducted through distance mode without prior approval
from the "Joint Committee of UGC-AICTE-DEC" is not recognized and such universities including
deemed to be universities and technical institutions are liable for appropriate action for conducting
such unapproved programmes."

Question 01: Provide us full text or photocopy of “Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)” which is
duly signed by “UGC-AICTE-DEC” (where DEC stands for “Distance Education Council”) to form "Joint
Committee of UGC-AICTE-DEC".

Question 02: What are (1) Functions, (2) Powers (3) Responsibilities and (4) Roles of each, that is,
UGC, AICTE and DEC, specified as per the provisions of “Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)”
which is duly signed by “UGC-AICTE-DEC” to form "Joint Committee of UGC-AICTE-DEC"?

Question 03: State the (1) Procedure, (2) Prescribed formats for application, (3) Norms and (4)
standards for the appointment of chairman of “Joint Committee of UGC-AICTE-DEC”?

Question 04: State the (1) Procedure, (2) Prescribed formats for application, (3) Norms, (4)
Standards (5) Prescribed Fees and (6) 'Required Typical Time Schedule' for the approval of any
programme/course of technical education conducted through distance mode by "Joint Committee
of UGC-AICTE-DEC”?

Please also state when and where this complete information is published, so that any
prospective applicants can access it?

Please provide the URL (Links) on UGC, AICTE and DEC websites for the above information.

Question 05: Provide us full text or photocopies of “Minutes of Meeting” for each meeting of "Joint
Committee of UGC-AICTE-DEC" held till Aug 2010.

Question 06: Provide us full details till Aug 2010 of each application received for the approval of
“any programme/course of technical education conducted through distance mode” by "Joint

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Committee of UGC-AICTE-DEC" and the result (along with reasons) of the approval process like
approved, Rejected or Pending for each application.

Question 07: Provide us details of percentage of total number of (1) Approved (2) Rejected and (3)
Pending applications, in “Total Number of Applications received till Aug 2010” for the approval
of “any programme/course of technical education conducted through distance mode” by "Joint
Committee of UGC-AICTE-DEC".

Question 08: Whether “Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)” between “UGC-AICTE-DEC” (where


DEC stands for “Distance Education Council”) can empower AICTE (when empowering any legal
entity is an exclusive right of either Parliament or State Legislature) to approve technical
programmes from any university, when any university is not within AICTE purview for approval to
launch any technical programme (As per the AICTE Act 1987 and Judgment No Appeal (civil) 2056 of
1999 dated 24/09/2001 of Hon Supreme Court of India)?

Can any MoU empower any legal entity


beyond its own Act?
Question 09: Please provide the resolution reference number, date and full text of the resolution of
"Joint Committee of UGC-AICTE-DEC", based on which, AICTE is empowered to publish these
advertisement in the various newspapers of India.

Question 10: When AICTE is not empowered to award approval to launch any technical programme
by any university (As per the AICTE Act 1987 and Judgment No Appeal (civil) 2056 of 1999 dated
24/09/2001 of Hon Supreme Court of India), then under which provisions of 'AICTE Act, 1987', AICTE
had already disapproved or approved few universities in India respectively as per the 'List of
Unapproved Institutions’ and 'Approved Institutions'?

Question 11: Under which provisions of “AICTE Act 1987”, AICTE has exempted / granted approvals
till date, to any/all “Indian Institute of Technology (IITs)” and “Indian Institute of Management
(IIMs)”, to launch any technical or management programme?

Please provide the full text of the respective provisions from


“AICTE Act 1987”.

How AICTE can Discriminate Distance Education?


Background Information for Question 12 and 13: Although this advertisement was published by an
AICTE, till date (to best of our knowledge) there was no documents available on official website
of AICTE regarding required norms and standards, recognition procedure and prescribed
application format for offering any technical programme by any University through distance
education mode. Naturally this has led to utter confusion in people's mind at large, regarding validity
and legal sanctity of open and distance mode of education in India. AICTE notice (Appendix 02-01
and Appendix 02-05) threatening educational institutes for the legal actions if they also start offering
unapproved courses and at the same time, AICTE policy regarding Distance Education (Appendix 04-

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03) disapproves many academic programmes from distance education system and thus, clearly
discriminating distance education compared to conventional education.

Question 12: What was the 'real' reason for AICTE to publish such advertisement without any legal
authority of AICTE for any university and without “norms and standards, recognition procedure and
prescribed application format” on AICTE website?

Question 13: Please provide the official definition of the “Quality of Technical Education” by the “All
India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)”

AICTE and YCMOU


Background Information or Question 13-14: Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University
(YCMOU) was established by the Act XX (1989) of Maharashtra State Legislature and duly approved
by the UGC (Appendix 11-01 available here). All academic programmes of this university are
duly recognized by the DEC till 7/4/2013 (Appendix 06-01 and Appendix 06-02 available
here), which can be confirmed here on DEC website. As per the UGC notification No F.1-
52/2000(CPP-II) dated 2-Nov-2004 (Appendix 11-02), “Treat the degrees/diplomas/certificates
awarded by the Open Universities in conformity with UGC notification on specification of Degrees as
equivalent to the corresponding awards of the traditional universities in the country.” The
'Commonwealth of Learning (CoL)' conferred the prestigious 'Award of Excellence for Institutional
Achievement' for the year 2002 to YCMOU among all commonwealth countries.

There are about 50,000 students pursuing the higher technical and professional education from
open and distance mode education system like statutory Open Universities. Mostly these students
are from weaker sections of society and they are drop outs from the conventional education system.
They do not have any education opportunity from conventional education system. Due to these
advertisements, which are published by AICTE in the various newspapers of India, now these
students are denied opportunities for 'higher education, promotion and employment' without any
justifiable and sufficient legal reasons.

Question 14: What is the “total number of students” taking admission to all technical graduate
degree programmes in all institutions which are duly approved by AICTE? Please also provide
percentage of the above number, when compared to the “Total number of students admitted to
“Standard XII (12th)”, at all schools in India”. From the above number, what is the total number of
students taking admission on basis of following entry qualifications?

(1) 10+2 (12th standard) and

(2) 10+3 year or 12+2 year Diploma from recognized technical board or polytechnic

Question 15: Whether AICTE intends to make 'technical higher education' privilege of elite class of
society and thus, deny the opportunity for the same, to the students from weaker sections of
society? If no, what AICTE intends to do for these large numbers of aspiring students from weaker
sections of society?

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What AICTE is delivering when compared to its Own
Objectives?
Background information for Question 15-19: As per the “AICTE Act 1987” it is stated on official
AICTE website that the purpose of AICTE is "To provide for establishment of an All India council
for Technical Education with a view to the proper planning and coordinated development of the
technical education system throughout the country, the promotion of qualitative improvement of
such education in relation to planned quantitative growth and the regulation and proper
maintenance of norms and standards in the technical education system and for matters connected
therewith."

 As per the document published on official AICTE website (Appendix 04-01


available here), the output of AICTE efforts till date for proper planning and coordinated
development of the technical education system throughout the country is clearly visible.

 As per the document published on official AICTE website (Appendix 04-02


available here), since last few years, AICTE is in the process of evolving a policy for grant
of the equivalence in respect of the qualifications obtained through Distance Education
mode, from an AICTE approved institution.

Question 16: Please provide the documentary evidence confirming proper planning and coordinated
development of the technical education system throughout the country due to AICTE?

Question 17: The promotion of qualitative improvement requires definition of 'Quality of Education'.
What is the definition of 'Quality of Education' which AICTE uses for the promotion of qualitative
improvement?

Question 18: Whether the document published on official AICTE website (Appendix 04-01
available here), confirms planned quantitative growth output due to AICTE?
Question 18: As per the document published on official AICTE website (Appendix 04-02
available here), since last few years, AICTE is in the process of evolving a policy for grant of the
equivalence in respect of the qualifications obtained through Distance Education mode, from an
AICTE approved institution. Please provide the report of all activities performed by AICTE till Aug
2010, in order to evolve the policy for grant of the equivalence in respect of the qualifications
obtained through Distance Education mode, from an AICTE approved institution.

Can MHRD issues instructions to IGNOU and YCMOU,


against the Provisions of their respective Acts?
Background for Question 19: This has reference to Appendix 09-01, Appendix 09-02 and Appendix
09-03. I request the information about “Powers of MHRD”. I did not request information about
“Constitutional Responsibility of MHRD”. Powers and Responsibilities are different. Responsibilities
of any statutory authority are discharged using “powers” provided by some prevalent act or

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constitution. “Government of India” is expected to “act” in any matter, exactly as per some
provisions of the constitution, or any Act which is passed by the parliament.

Logically, lower rank authority cannot change any provisions passed by the higher rank authority.
For example, as IGNOU act is passed by the parliament, only parliament is authorized to change any
provisions of IGNOU Act. “Government of India and the MHRD” has no authority to “act” in any
matter, which is against the provisions of IGNOU Act as they cannot directly change any provisions of
IGNOU Act.

Hence, please provide statements of some provision of “Constitution of India or any Act passed by
the Parliament of India”, due to which MHRD is empowered to take direct decision against the
IGNOU act (which is passed by the parliament to empower IGNOU to offer any degree in distance
mode).

Question 19: Under which provisions of “Constitution of India or any Act passed by the Parliament of
India”, MHRD is empowered to take direct decision against the provisions of IGNOU Act (which is
passed by the parliament to empower IGNOU to offer any degree in distance mode)?

Question 20: Please provide reasons and rationale for proposing action (as given in Appendix 09-03)
against all UGC recognized statutory Open Universities in India, which offers technical education
through distance mode, although

1. Quality findings are about only 2 institutions, that is, IASE and JRN (as in Appendix 09-02) and
2. There is not enough authentic evidence to generalized and extend above findings to all other
Open Universities in India.
3. There is not enough authentic evidence to prove that “technical education imparted through
distance mode (as in IGNOU or YCMOU technical programmes)” do not confirm with the
specified “AICTE norms and standards” for the Quality of Technical Education”.
4. More than 50,000 students are already learning in IGNOU or YCMOU technical programmes
as they have kept faith in IGNOU or YCMOU Acts, which are passed by the Parliament of India or
Maharashtra State Legislature.
This action will deny “fundamental right to Equality and Education (which is given by the
Constitution of India)” to these more than 50,000 enrolled students of the “distance mode of
education (which was also established by the Constitution of India)” and discriminate them against
enrolled students of the “conventional education system of India” for all opportunities for jobs and
further education.

Question 21: All open universities are autonomous universities, each of which are governed by their
respective Act. For example,

1. Highest authority for the IGNOU is the “President of India” and not the MHRD.
2. Highest authority for the YCMOU is the “Governor of Maharashtra as a Chancellor” and not the
MHRD.
Hence, please provide statements of some provision of constitution or any act passed by the
Parliament of India or State Legislature, which provides for this kind of “Power to MHRD” to “direct
IGNOU or YCMOU like open universities”, by do letter which are against the provisions of their
respective Acts.

Question 22: Please provide the documents which proves that “quality findings regarding only 2
(Two) institutions, that is, IASE and JRN (as in Appendix 09-02)” can be generalized and extended to

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all statutory open universities like YCMOU in Maharashtra or IGNOU at Delhi, which are
established by the government as per the respective Act and recognized by UGC.

Question 23: In “Appendix 09-02”, it was stated on Page 2 of the file noting, that “We are not sure
about the quality of the technical education imparted through the programme”. Please provide
any authentic documents which proves that “technical education imparted through distance mode
(as in IGNOU or YCMOU technical programmes)” do not confirm with the specified “AICTE norms
and standards” for the “Quality of Technical Education”.

AMIE and Distance Education


Government of India (Appendix 05-01), (Appendix 05-04) and MHRD (Appendix 05-03) recognizes
AMIE from the Institution of Engineers, Kolkata at par with the Bachelor’s degree in appropriate field
of engineering from recognized Indian University for the purpose of recruitment and promotion
within the central government. Although AMIE uses distance education mode, AICTE
(Appendix 05-02) or DEC (Appendix 05-05) do not feel the need for their respective approval. When
MHRD approves AMIE in the distance mode, Same MHRD is prohibiting technical education through
distance mode (Appendix 09-02) and (Appendix 05-03) from IGNOU and YCMOU for totally
insufficient and invalid reasons.

E N D O F D O C U M E N T

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Appendix 01: SCoI Appeal (Civil) 2056 of 1999
(20010924)

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Appendix 02: AICTE Public Notices
Appendix 02-01: 20060216

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Appendix 02-02: 2006-07

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Appendix 02-03: 20070417

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Appendix 02-04: 2009

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Appendix 02-05: 2010

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Appendix 02-06: 20100309

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Appendix 02-07: 20100313

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Appendix 03: AICTE Replies to RTI Queries
Appendix 03-01: 20071004

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Appendix 03-02: 20080820

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Appendix 03-03: 20090213

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Appendix 04: AICTE Documents
Appendix 04-01: Output of AICTE Efforts

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Appendix 04-02: AICTE Policy and Format for
Equivalence of Programmes

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Appendix 04-03: AICTE Policy about Distance
Education

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Appendix 05: About AMIE Approval and
Recognition
Appendix 05-01: GoI Approval for AMIE (19780816)

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Appendix 05-02: AICTE Approval not required for
AMIE (20010109)

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Appendix 05-03: MHRD Approval for AMIE
(20060116)

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Appendix 05-04: Gazette Notification for AMIE
Equivalence (20060211)

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Appendix 05-05: DEC Approval not required for AMIE
(20070807)

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Appendix 06: About DEC Approval and Recognition
Appendix 06-01: DEC Approval to YCMOU
Programmes

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Appendix 06-02: DEC Recognition Policy and Approval
to YCMOU

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Appendix 06-03: DEC Reply to MHRD Circular and JC
Approval

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Appendix 07: Gazette Notification for Recognition
after DEC Approval (19950301)

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Appendix 08: MHRD Letter Not Applicable to
IGNOU (20100512)

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Appendix 09: MHRD Orders
Appendix 09-01: MHRD on UGC AICTE Role & Powers
about DUs (20060405)

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Appendix 09-02: MHRD File Noting about Distance
Education Mode (20090708)

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Appendix 09-03: MHRD Letter about Distance
Education Mode (20090729)

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Appendix 10: Students Complaints
Appendix 10-01: 20080805

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Appendix 10-02: 20090602

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Appendix 11: UGC Documents
Appendix 11-01: UGC Approval to YCMOU (199212)

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Appendix 11-02: UGC Recognition to Degrees awarded
by YCMOU (20041102)

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Appendix 12: UKOU Programmes in Engineering
and Technology
Appendix 12-01: UKOU UG Programmes in
Engineering & Technology

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Appendix 12-01: UKOU PG Programmes in
Engineering & Technology

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Appendix 13: YCMOU Correspondence
Appendix 13-01: YCMOU AICTE 20060311-01

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Appendix 13-02: YCMOU AICTE 20060311-02

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Appendix 13-03: AICTE YCMOU 20060519

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