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11/01/2011 CCNA Security - Chapter 1 Exam Answers

Cisco CCNA Security, chapter 1 Exam.

Questions and answers 100% correct.
What are the bas ic phases of attack that can be used by a virus or worm in sequential order?

paralyze, probe, penetrate, persist, and propagate

probe, penetrate, persist, propagate, and paralyze

penetrate, persis t, propagate, paralyze, and probe

persist, propagate, paralyze, probe, and penetrate

Which two are characteris tics of DoS attacks? (Choose two.)

They always precede access attacks.

They attempt to comprom ise the availability of a network, hos t, or application.

They are difficult to conduct and are initiated only by very skilled attackers.

They are commonly launched with a tool called L0phtCrack.

Examples include s murf attacks and ping of death attacks.

Users report to the helpdes k that icons us ually seen on the menu bar are randomly appearing on their computer screens .
What could be a reason that computers are dis playing thes e random graphics?

An access attack has occurred.

A virus has infected the computers.

A DoS attack has been launched against the network.

The computers are s ubject to a reconnaiss ance attack.

What are three types of access attacks? (Choose three.)

buffer overflow

ping sweep

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11/01/2011 CCNA Security - Chapter 1 Exam Answers
port redirection

trus t exploitation

port scan

Internet information query

What occurs during a s poofing attack?

One device fals ifies data to gain access to privileged information.

Large amounts of network traffic are sent to a target device to make resources unavailable to intended users.

Improperly formatted packets are forwarded to a target device to caus e the target system to crash.

A program writes data beyond the allocated memory to enable the execution of malicious code.

What is a characteristic of a Trojan Horse?

A Trojan Horse can be carried in a virus or worm.

A proxy Trojan Horse opens port 21 on the target system.

An FTP Trojan Horse stops anti-virus program s or firewalls from functioning.

A Trojan Horse can be hard to detect because it closes when the application that launched it clos es.

Which phase of worm mitigation requires compartmentalization and segmentation of the network to s low down or stop the
worm and prevent currently infected hos ts from targeting and infecting other systems?

containment phas e

inoculation phase

quarantine phas e

treatment phase

Which two s tatements are characteristics of a virus ? (Choos e two.)

A virus typically requires end-user activation.

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11/01/2011 CCNA Security - Chapter 1 Exam Answers
A virus has an enabling vulnerability, a propagation mechanism, and a payload.

A virus replicates itself by independently exploiting vulnerabilities in networks.

A virus provides the attacker with sens itive data, such as pass words.

A virus can be dormant and then activate at a s pecific time or date.

What is a ping sweep?

A ping sweep is a network s canning technique that indicates the live hosts in a range of IP address es.

A ping sweep is a software application that enables the capture of all network packets s ent acros s a LAN.

A ping sweep is a scanning technique that examines a range of TCP or UDP port numbers on a host to detect listening

A ping sweep is a query and response protocol that identifies information about a domain, including the addres ses
ass igned to that domain.

Which type of security threat can be described as software that attaches to another program to execute a s pecific unwanted



proxy Trojan horse

Denial of Service Trojan horse

A dis gruntled employee is us ing Wires hark to dis cover administrative Telnet usernames and pass words. What type of
network attack does this des cribe?

Denial of Service

port redirection


trus t exploitation

What occurs during the persist phase of a worm attack?
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11/01/2011 CCNA Security - Chapter 1 Exam Answers

identification of vulnerable targets

modification of s ys tem files and registry s ettings to ensure that the attack code is running

transfer of exploit code through an attack vector

extens ion of the attack to vulnerable neighboring targets

What are the three major components of a worm attack? (Choose three.)

enabling vulnerability

infecting vulnerability


penetration mechanis m

probing mechanism

propagation mechanism

A network administrator detects unknown s ess ions involving port 21 on the network. What could be causing this security

An FTP Trojan Horse is executing.

A reconnaiss ance attack is occurring.

A denial of service attack is occurring.

Cisco Security Agent is testing the network.

What are three goals of a port s can attack? (Choos e three.)

disable used ports and services

determine potential vulnerabilities

identify active services

identify peripheral configurations

identify operating systems

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11/01/2011 CCNA Security - Chapter 1 Exam Answers

discover system pass words

How is a Smurf attack conducted?

by sending a large number of packets, overflowing the allocated buffer memory of the target device

by sending an echo request in an IP packet larger than the maximum packet s ize of 65,535 bytes

by sending a large number of ICMP requests to directed broadcast addresses from a s poofed s ource address on the same

by sending a large number of TCP SYN packets to a target device from a s poofed s ource addres s

Which access attack method involves a software program attempting to discover a s ystem pass word by using an electronic

buffer overflow attack

port redirection attack

Denial of Service attack

brute-force attack

IP s poofing attack

packet sniffer attack

Which two network security solutions can be used to mitigate DoS attacks? (Choose two.)

virus s canning

data encryption

anti-spoofing technologies

intrusion protection systems

applying us er authentication

Which phase of worm mitigation involves terminating the worm process, removing modified files or s ys tem settings that the
worm introduced, and patching the vulnerability that the worm used to exploit the s ys tem?
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11/01/2011 CCNA Security - Chapter 1 Exam Answers





Which characteristic best describes the network s ecurity Compliance domain as s pecified by the ISO/IEC?

the integration of security into applications

an inventory and classification s cheme for information assets

the restriction of acces s rights to networks, systems , applications, functions , and data

the process of ens uring conformance with security information policies, standards , and regulations

Which statement describes phone freaking?

A hacker uses pas sword-cracking program s to gain acces s to a computer via a dialup account.

A hacker gains unauthorized access to networks via wireles s access points .

A hacker mimics a tone using a whistle to make free long-distance calls on an analog telephone network.

A hacker uses a program that automatically scans telephone numbers within a local area, dialing each one in search of
computers, bulletin board s ys tems , and fax machines.

Which two s tatements describe acces s attacks? (Choose two.)

Port redirection attacks use a network adapter card in promiscuous mode to capture all network packets that are s ent acros s
a LAN.

Password attacks can be implemented using brute-force attack methods , Trojan Horses , or packet s niffers.

Buffer overflow attacks write data beyond the allocated buffer memory to overwrite valid data or exploit systems to execute
malicious code.

Port scanning attacks scan a range of TCP or UDP port numbers on a host to detect listening services.

Trust exploitation attacks can use a laptop acting as a rogue access point to capture and copy all network traffic in a public
location on a wireless hots pot.

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