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# DATE : 07 Februari 2011

## DESIGN CALCULATION OF PURLINS CUSTOMER : Chevron Indonesia Co.

PT. BUKAKA TEKNIK UTAMA SHELTER FOR SUPPORT PIPE DOC. NO : 013/DC-BB/E/12/2010
ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT REV : 0
Design of Purlins
1.) Design the lightest LC-shape Purlin, use AISC-ASD and A36 Steel
Fy = 400 Mpa Wg = 0.368 KN/m2
θ= 14 degrees WL = 0.981 KN/m2
s1 = 1.375 m
L= 2.75 m

## For the Normal Axis:

2
Wn = ( W L + Wg cos θ ) (s) 40 KN/m
Wn = ( 0.980665 + 0.36774937(1.375)
Wn = 1.839 KN/m

## For the Tangential Axis:

WT = Wg sin θ (s)
WT = 0.367749375 sin 14 (1.375)
WT = 0.122 KN/m

## Mx = 0.125 (w) (L) 2

Mx = 0.125 ( 1.839 ) ( 2.752
Mx = 1.7384 KN-m

## With Sag Rod:

considering the tangential axis:

WT

L/2 L/2

from table 9.-28 under misc Tables of the ASEP steel handbook <for continuous beams>

2
My+ = 0.07 (w) (L/2)
My+ = 0.07 ( 0.122 ) ( 1.3752
My+ = 0.0161 KN-m

## My- = 0.125 (w) (L/2) 2

My- = 0.125 ( 0.122 ) ( 1.372
My- = 0.0288 KN-m [ Use this value ]
Assume fx and fy to be 0.66 of Fy for compact members
3
Sx = Mx 1.73843 6,584.96 mm
= =
fx 264
Sy = My 0.0288 109.09 mm3
= =
fy 264
Design of Purlins
Try Section 100 x 50 x 20 x 3,2
Relative properties
3 3
Sx = 410.00 x 10 mm L = 2.8 m
3 3
Sy = 0.00 x 10 mm Ix = 181 x 103 mm4
W= 6.13 Kg/m
Total Wn = Wn + W (0.00981)(cos θ)
Total Wn = 1.839 + 6.13 ( 0.00981 ) ( cos 14 )
Total Wn = 1.897 KN/m
Total W T = W T + W (0.00981)(sin θ)
Total W T = 0.122 + 6.13 ( 0.00981 ) ( sin 14 )
Total W T = 0.137 KN/m

## Mx = 0.125 (w) (L) 2

Mx = 0.125 ( 1.897 ) ( 2.752
Mx = 1.793 KN-m
My- = 0.125 (w) (L/2) 2
My- = 0.125 ( 0.137 ) ( 1.372
My- = 0.0324 KN-m
fx = Mx 1.793 4.374 Mpa
= =
Sx 410.00
fy = My 0.0324 5.285 Mpa
= =
Sy 6.13
Checking the interaction:
fx + fy 4.374 + 5.285 0.04 SAFE
= =
0.66 ( Fy ) 0.66 ( 400 )
Check Resultant Deflection
∂ = √ ∂N ² + ∂T ² L/300 = 9.1667 mm
5 Wt L
Rs = = 0.23546875
8

∂N 5 Wn L4 5 1.897 2750 4
= = = 8.8431E-10
384 EIx 384 200000 181000

Rs S 0.23546875 1.375
∂T = = = 2.0612E-08
As Es ‫ּת‬ ²
10 200000
4
using 10 mm dia. Sag rod
∂ = √ ∂N ² + ∂T ²
= √ 7.81997E-19 + 4.2485E-16 `
= 2.06308E-08 mm
or 0.000021 mm < 9.1667 mm OK!!!
Therefore:
USE 100 x 50 x 20 x 3,2