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Fractal Element Antenna

Genetic Optimization Using a


PC Cluster

ACES Proceedings
March 21, 2002
Monterey, CA
Fractal Development

ë Boston University:
± Nuno Alves
± William Crespo
± Felipe Fernandes
± Fabio Santana
ë Fractal Antenna Systems, INC.
± Dr. Nathan Cohen and Dr. Robert Hohlfeld

03/21/2002 ACES Conference Proceeding


Our Goal

Decrease time of antenna design


Using:
- Fractal Antennas GA
- Several inexpensive computers
03/21/2002 ACES Conference Proceeding
Antenna Design Algorithms

ë Genetic Algorithm (G.A.)

Fitness Evaluation Crossover (Mating)


Random Population Select Parents

Elite Population New Population

ë Numerical Electromagnetic Computation (N.E.C.)


‡ EMAG calculation
‡ Bottleneck of system

03/21/2002 ACES Conference Proceeding


Antenna Optimization

ë Problem:
± Computationally Intensive
± Time Consuming

ë Genetic Algorithms
± Intrinsic Parallelism

03/21/2002 ACES Conference Proceeding


Current Solutions«

ëUse of : ëCost of each:


± High End PC ±$2000~ Up
‡ OR ‡ OR
± Supercomputer ±$250,000~Up

03/21/2002 ACES Conference Proceeding


Approaching the Problem

ë PC cluster
implementation:
± Hardware:
‡ 1 central node
‡ <100 slave nodes
± Software:
‡ Linux (open source and
free distribution)
‡ GA, NEC and FOM
‡ Error checking software

03/21/2002 ACES Conference Proceeding


Project Diagram:
a   


   
= 
Dual Processor
(2) - PIII 1Ghz
256MB RAM & 30GB HD IP: 10.0.0.10

ARK SOHO
10/100 MB/sec

 


16 Ports

=  =  =  =  = 


1.2Ghz 1.2Ghz 1.2Ghz 1.2Ghz 1.2Ghz
128MB RAM 128MB RAM 128MB RAM 128MB RAM 128MB RAM
20GB HD 20GB HD 20GB HD 20GB HD 20GB HD
10.0.0.40 10.0.0.60
10.0.0.20 10.0.0.30 10.0.0.50

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Results
= =

RRR RR
RRR RR
RRR RR
RRR RR



RRR RR
RRR RR
RRR RR
RRR RR
RRR RR
R RR
     
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Results
Speed Up Factor




Factor




R
    
å of Nodes

03/21/2002 ACES Conference Proceeding


Conclusion

ë The use of PC Clusters is a viable and


inexpensive alternative for Antenna
Simulations

03/21/2002 ACES Conference Proceeding