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A project report on

AMUL CHOCOLATE

Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment


Post Graduate Diploma in Business Management
BY

SUVESH KUMAR

Roll No.: GJUJUL08AB279

Batch July 2008-2010

Under the Guidance of

Mrs. MEGHA MATHUR

(Faculty of Marketing)

NSB SCHOOL OF BUSINESS


B-II/1, MCIE, Delhi-Mathura Road, New Delhi
DECLARATION

I hereby declare that this project report entitled “Market Research on Amul
Chocolate” for Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF)
is a bonafied record of work done by me during the project work and that it
has not previously formed the basis for the award to us for any
degree/diploma associate ship, fellowship or other similar title, of any other
Institute/ Society.

SUVESH KUMAR

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This research in itself is an acknowledge to the inspiration, drive, technical


assistance contributed to it by many individuals. This study even internal part
of our PGDBM programme and to do this project in a short period was a
heavy task. Intention, dedication, concentration and hard work are very much
essential to complete any task. But still it needs lot of support, guidance
assistance, co-operation of people to make it successful.

I bear to imprint of my people who have given me their precious ideas and
times to enable me to complete the research and the project report. I want to
thank them for their continuous support at my research and writing efforts.

I would like to express my heartfelt gratitude to the Mrs.MEGHA


MATHUR for providing me the opportunity to undertake this project .

SUVESH KUMAR

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Table of content

Sr.No. Contents Page No.

1. Company Profile 4

2. The brand name – Amul 8

3. List of products marketed 11

4. Performance of Amul in last decade 16

5. The Chocolate 18

6.. Research methodology 21

7. Analysis 28

8. SWOT analysis 38

9. Distributor services the retailers 43

10. Problem faced in Amul chocolate 47

11. Areas of improvements & recommendations 52

12. Limitations of the study 55

13. Annexure: 57

14. Bibliography 61

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5
COMPANY PROFILE

AMUL AND THE COOPERATIVE MOVEMENT:

Amul embarked upon its illustrious journey as a beacon for the Indian

cooperative movement in 1946. Since then, it has been undergoing a

multidimensional evolution whose overarching objective has been the same

throughout: serving the farmer and catering to consumer requirements.

A structural landmark in this evolution process was the formation of the

GCMMF in 1974. Throughout these last 35 years, the company has

demonstrated-again and again-that Amul both represents and reconciles

diverse expectations and aspirations.

Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF):

Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) is an India’s

largest food product marketing organization. It is a state level apex body of

milk cooperatives in Gujarat, which aims to provide remunerative returns to

the farmers and also serve the interest of consumers by providing quality

products, which are good value for money.

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GCMMF consists of:

Members: 13 district cooperative milk

producers' Union
No. of Producer Members: 2.79 million
No. of Village Societies: 13,328
Total Milk handling capacity: 11.22 million litres per day
Milk collection (Total - 2008-09): 3.05 billion litres

Milk collection (Daily Average 8.4 million litres

2008-09):
Milk Drying Capacity: 626 Mts. per day
Cattlefeed manufacturing 3500 Mts per day

Capacity:

AMUL BUTTER GIRL

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The moppet who put Amul on India's breakfast table:

Amul products have been in use in millions of homes since 1946. Amul

Butter, Amul Milk Powder, Amul Ghee, Amulspray, Amul Cheese, Amul

Chocolates, Amul Shrikhand, Amul Ice cream, Nutramul, Amul Milk and

Amulya have made Amul a leading food brand in India.

50 years after it was first launched, Amul's sale figures have jumped from

1000 tonnes a year in 1966 to over 25,000 tonnes a year in 1997. No other

brand comes even close to it. All because a thumb-sized girl climbed on to the

hoardings and put a spell on the masses.

For 30 odd years the Utterly Butterly girl has managed to keep her fan

following intact. So much so that the ads are now ready to enter the Guinness

Book of World Records for being the longest running campaign ever. The

ultimate compliment to the butter came when a British company launched a

butter and called it Utterly Butterly.

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The Brand Name - “AMUL”

AMUL means "priceless" in Sanskrit. The brand name "Amul," from the

Sanskrit "Amoolya," was suggested by a quality control expert in Anand.

Variants, all meaning "priceless", are found in several Indian languages.

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Amul products have been in use in millions of homes since 1946. Amul

Butter, Amul Milk Powder, Amul Ghee, Amulspray, Amul Cheese, Amul

Chocolates, Amul Shrikhand, Amul Ice cream, Nutramul, Amul Milk and

Amulya have made Amul a leading food brand in India.

Today “Amul” is a symbol of many things: -

• Of high-quality products sold at reasonable prices.

• Of the genesis of a vast co-operative network.

• Of the triumph of indigenous technology.

• Of the marketing savvy of a farmers organization.

• Of a proven model for dairy development.

MILK PROCUREMENT

Total milk procurement by Member Unions during the year 2008-09 averaged

2.79 billion . Milk collection (Daily Average 2008-09): 8.4 million litres, total

milk handing capacity 11.22 millian per day achieved.

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DISTRIBUTION

Alignment of four Distribution Highways of fresh, chilled, frozen and ambient

products is a major factor for the company. The company is planning to

increase our Distributor Network in smaller towns. The fast changing market

scenario resulting from rise in household incomes leading to metamorphosis

of rural and smaller markets, significant increase of middle class families and

migration from rural areas to smaller developing towns has resulted in the

emergence of growing markets in smaller towns all across the country.

An addition of almost 900 distributors in small towns was undertaken on a

Time Based Military (TMT) technique. This initiative has already started

yielding results in the form increasing availability of products in smaller

towns and thereby generating additional business.

SALES

During the year, Federation's sales registered a growth of 1.4 percent to reach

Rs. 2,922.53 crores (Rs.29.22 billion) including consignment sales of Rs.1.53

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crores (Rs.0.02 billion). Despite intense competition, sales value of Amul

Butter grew by 4.5 percent.

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LIST OF PRODUCTS MARKETED

Bread Spreads:

• Amul Butter

• Amul Lite Low Fat Breadspread

• Amul Cooking Butter

Cheese Range:

• Amul Pasteurized Processed Cheddar Cheese

• Amul Processed Cheese Spread

• Amul Pizza (Mozarella) Cheese

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• Amul Shredded Pizza Cheese

• Amul Emmental Cheese

• Amul Gouda Cheese

• Amul Malai Paneer (cottage cheese)

• Utterly Delicious Pizza

Mithaee Range (Ethnic sweets):

• Amul Shrikhand (Mango, Saffron, Almond Pistachio, Cardamom)

• Amul Amrakhand

• Amul Mithaee Gulabjamuns

• Amul Mithaee Gulabjamun Mix

• Amul Mithaee Kulfi Mix

• Avsar Ladoos

UHT Milk Range:

• Amul Shakti 3% fat Milk

• Amul Taaza 1.5% fat Milk

• Amul Gold 4.5% fat Milk

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• Amul Lite Slim-n-Trim Milk 0% fat milk

• Amul Shakti Toned Milk

• Amul Fresh Cream

• Amul Snowcap Softy Mix

Pure Ghee:

• Amul Pure Ghee

• Sagar Pure Ghee

• Amul Cow Ghee

Infant Milk Range:

• Amul Infant Milk Formula 1 (0-6 months)

• Amul Infant Milk Formula 2 (6 months above)

• Amulspray Infant Milk Food

Milk Powders:

• Amul Full Cream Milk Powder

• Amulya Dairy Whitener

• Sagar Skimmed Milk Powder

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• Sagar Tea and Coffee Whitener

Sweetened Condensed Milk:

• Amul Mithaimate Sweetened Condensed Milk

Fresh Milk:

• Amul Taaza Toned Milk 3% fat

• Amul Gold Full Cream Milk 6% fat

• Amul Shakti Standardised Milk 4.5% fat

• Amul Slim & Trim Double Toned Milk 1.5% fat

• Amul Saathi Skimmed Milk 0% fat

• Amul Cow Milk

Curd Products:

• Yogi Sweetened Flavoured Dahi (Dessert)

• Amul Masti Dahi (fresh curd)

• Amul Masti Spiced Butter Milk

• Amul Lassee

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Amul Ice creams:

• Royal Treat Range (Butterscotch, Rajbhog, Malai Kulfi)

• Nut-o-Mania Range (Kaju Draksh, Kesar Pista Royale, Fruit Bonanza,

Roasted Almond)

• Nature's Treat (Alphanso Mango, Fresh Litchi, Shahi Anjir, Fresh

Strawberry, Black Currant, Santra Mantra, Fresh Pineapple)

• Sundae Range (Mango, Black Currant, Sundae Magic, Double

Sundae)

• Assorted Treat (Chocobar, Dollies, Frostik, Ice Candies, Tricone,

Chococrunch, Megabite, Cassatta)

• Utterly Delicious (Vanila, Strawberry, Chocolate, Chocochips, Cake

Magic)

Amul Chocolate

• Amul Milk Chocolate

• Amul Fruit & Nut Chocolate

• Amul Fundoo

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• Amul bindaas

• Amul Almondbar

Performance of Amul in last decade: -

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Sales Turnover Rs (million) US $ (in million)
1998-99 22192 493
1999-00 22185 493
2000-01 22588 500
2001-02 23365 500
2002-03 27457 575
2003-04 28941 616
2004-05 29225 672
2005-06 37736 850
2006-07 42778 1050
2007-08 52554 1325
2008-09 67113 1504

THE CHOCOLATE

AMUL Chocolate is made from: -

• Sugar

• Cocoa Butter

• Milk Solids

• Chocolate mass

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COMPOSITION:

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• Milk Fat 2%

• Sugar 55%

• Total Fat 32.33%

• (Milk Fat + Cocoa Fat)

• Cocoa Solids 7.5%

• Milk Solids 20%

PRODUCT SPECIFICATION:

Meets all requirements under the PFA for boiled sugar confectionary.

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Everyone has to go through marketing research process, what I have also

adopted. For better processing let us know what market research is:

“Market research is the systematic design, collection, analysis and reporting

of data and finding relevant to a specific marketing situation facing the

company.”

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An effective marketing research involves five steps:

Defining the
problem and Developing the Collecting the
research objective. research plan. information.

Analyzing the
Present the
finding.
information.

The methodology used in conducting the research work on Amul Products

with major emphasis on its sales and marketing strategies involve the

following steps:

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Why I have selected Amul only?

I have selected Amul for my summer internship because it is the company that

I wanted to do my training with. This is because Amul is a big

brand that will help in building up my career.

Defining the problem and deciding research objectives:

Defining the objective is the most important part of any study process. Proper

defining of the problem is a must for proceeding further with the research

process. The type of study to be carried out, the questions to be raised, the

sampling procedure to be followed, and the data to be collected, all depends

on a correct understanding of the problem. Also, by clearly focusing on the

real problem, the research job can be simplified and completed with the

minimum cost, effort and data.

Identified problem or the objectives of the research discussed in the report are:

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1. Developing the research plan:

In this a plan was developed about how to collect the require information i.e.

whom to contact for gathering the relevant data. Data is the foundation of all

research. It is the raw material with which a researcher functions.

Therefore, it requires great care to select the sources of data. Data, or facts,

may be obtained from several sources. Data sources can either be primary or

secondary.

A. Secondary data:

The sources from which secondary data was collected:

• Press releases of the company.

• Newsletters and In-house journals.

• Brochures and detailed descriptive leaflets

• Magazines.

• Websites such as www.amul.com and www.google.com. These were

the sources from which secondary data has been gathered. Most of the

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information presented in this report was extracted from the above data

sources.

B. Primary data:

Collection of primary data was conducted by visiting the people personally for

the preparation of the report.

2. Research approach:

It means the way by which the information was collected. Visiting the

various places of Lucknow, getting the questionnaire filled by different

individuals.

Beside this, frequent visit to the retailers was of great help to conduct the

analysis and research work.

3. Contact methods:

Instrument or Data collected Forms: It is the method by which data is

gathered. It could be done through various instruments like

questionnaires, observations; getting information from the shopkeepers

was sufficient enough to conduct the study.

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4. Collection of information:

The primary information was collected by face-to-face and direct

interviews with the retailers and the customers. They provide the relevant

information regarding the profile of the company as compared to the

other company in the Indian market.

The secondary sources of information were various web sites of the

companies, newspapers & magazines.

5. Analyzing the information:

The data collected was carefully analyzed. The research and analysis of

the information has been done on the basis of various sales and

marketing strategies adopted by the company during its tenure.

6. Reporting and conclusions and recommendations:

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This is the most vital part of the work undertaken. After collection and

analysis of data, it was recorded in the form as prescribed. The major part

of the report is the findings. The finding also includes charts, tables and

diagrams etc. The report also mentioned the limitations of the project

undertaken. Then conclusion has been drawn out of the findings and

various recommendations have been given at the end of the report. Certain

tables on the basis of which the findings were made have been included in

the appendices section followed by the bibliography.

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RESEARCH PROCESS

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STARTING FOCUS MEANS ENDS
POINT

Individual Retailers One to One Retailers

retailer opinion interaction feedback

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ANALYSIS
Analysis of the data (from the questionnaire) obtained from the

Retailers and consumers.

Table 1. Area covered for study.

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Area Covered No. of Correspondent
Aashiyana 10
Alambagh 18
Krishna Nagar 12

Graph 1.

No. of Correspondent
No. of Correspondent

25% Karol Bag


30% 25%
45%Phase
Mayur Vihar Alambagh
-I krishna Nagar
45% Laxmi Nagar Aashiyana

30%

Table 2. The most preferred brand by the retailers for selling and consumers

to buy.

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Brand No. of correspondence
Cadbury 20

Amul 5

Nestle 15

Graph 2

No. of Correspondence

13%

Cadbury
Nestle
49% amul
38%

Table 3. The number of correspondent having knowledge of Amul product.

Product Knowledge No. of Correspondent


Yes 24
Not Much 16

34
Not Much 0

Graph 3.

No. of Correspondent

0%
40% Yes
Not Much
60% Not Much

Table 4. The number of correspondent having availability of the product.

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Availability No. of correspondent
Very Good 12

Good 28

Bad 18

Graph 4.

No. of Correspondence

17%
33%
Very Good
Good
Bad

50%

Table 5.Represents whether the retailers are willing to keep Amul Product.

Particular No. of Respondent


Yes 14

36
Not Much 26

Graph 5.

No. of Respondent

35%
Yes
Not Much
65%

Table 6. Attributes of product that are in the consumer’s mind while

purchasing.

Attributes No. of Respondent


Quality 30
Taste 22
Availability 38
Purity 10

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Graph 6.

No. of Respondent

10%
30% Quality
Taste
Availability
38%
Purity
22%

Table 7. Represents the Consumer source of information.

Types of Media No. of Respondent


Newspaper 54
TV 28
Radio 10
Friends 8

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Graph 7.

No. of Respondent

8%
10% Newspaper
TV
54% Radio
28% Friends

FINDING

After analyzing all the data given by shopkeepers and consumers we found

certain key findings that is very important for our project.

1. Most of the retailers are not interested for keeping some of the Amul

products.

2. Retailers are not satisfied with the services provided by the company.

3.The sale of Amul product is average round the year.

4.The full varieties of products are not available on regular basis.

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5. Prices of Amul products are almost as par customers need.

6. Retailers want more margins from Amul.

7. People were highly satisfied with product quality of Amul.

8. Retailers are unsatisfied with the replacement of unsold Amul products.

9. Distributors could not provide all type of varieties because of less stock.

10. Due to negligence of the company the customers of Amul are shifting

towards another company.

11. There is a tuff competition in the market and that’s why the market share

of Amul is dropping day by day.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY:

Amul is spreading its wings and widening its business horizon to reach and

serve customers at new centers in the year ahead. The company products are

backed by a highly motivated and technology driven team to achieve

customers need, product expertise and geographic reach.

The study is oriented towards the concept of different brands offered by Amul

and its competitors to its customers. The company has endeavored to move

fast in providing market solution, which maximize customer needs and

40
convenience, using multiple delivery channels in composing the agency

network, wholesalers and retailers.

STRENGTH

1. Brand name and Goodwill.

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2. India’s major giant player in dairy products.

3. Wide product range.

4. Qualified marketing & sales force..

5. Maximum milk handling capacity (11.22million litres) per day.

6. High-quality products sold at reasonable prices.

WEAKNESS

1. Lack of availability of stock at various locations.

2. Lack of promotions (advertisements/offers/schemes).

3. Weak distributors service channel to retailers (in some areas).

4. Low profit margins to retailers.

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OPPORTUNITIES

1. Retailers look for convenience and margin.

2. Promotions will pay good results, market is lacking with the same.

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3. A great opportunity to cash the brand name once again by giving good

quality product.

4. Weak areas can be targeted to cover up the entire market as per the demand.

THREAT

1. Some customers are in the hands of retailers because the retailer enjoys

good profit margin from other competitor’s brand.

2. Psychological state of mind of retailers and consumers.

3. Old manufacturing date on packs is a major threat .

4. Competitors are cutting up the market share of ‘Amul Product.

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5. Competitor brands are offering huge profit margin to retailers, whereas few

of them are selling at lower retail prices.

6. If delivery service is not improved it will result in reduction of sales of

‘Amul Chocolate’.

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DISTRIBUTOR SERVICES THE RETAILERS

The service offered by the distributor varies from place to place. Some

areas are such that they get good delivery service but some of them are

lacking by the distributors services. More than half percentage of market is

getting once in a week service, whereas a big portion of market goes on its

own to purchase the chocolate because of no distributor’s service available

to retailers.

The following chart shows the distributor services the retailers of Amul

chocolate in the market:

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Once in 15days
3%
On its own
19%

Daily
4%

Thrice
4%

Once in 15days
Once
Twice Once
Thrice 54%
Daily Twice
On its own 16%

Distributor services the retailers.

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OBSERVATION

1. About 54% of retailers are getting once in a week service by the

distributor or the sales boy comes to them once in a week. Retailers are

demanding for service, that it should be increased and should be made

more than once in a week.

2. 4% is the percentage of retailers who get service daily because of huge

sale of milk & butter. 4% of retailers are the major players in the sale ,

so they are getting good service.

3. 16% of retailers are getting twice a week service. As it is a small

percentage, they are getting service as per the demand.

4. 4% are getting thrice a week service which states that they are selling

but not too much as compared to the major players selling getting daily

service.

5. A big percent goes on different locations. 19% of retailers are

untouched by the services of distributors. This is the area where it needs

big improvement.

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6. A very small percentage is getting service once in 15 days. This is due

to low sales.

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PROBLEM FACED IN AMUL CHOCOLATE

The following chart shows the problems faced in Amul butter by the

retailers in the market:

P rob lem Faced in Amu l C h ocolate

70
Problem Faced in Amul Chocolate
60
50 70
60
40 50
40 S eries 1 Serie
30
30 20
10
20 0
Unavailability &

Offers/Schemes
Old mfd. Date

Low Margin
Replacement

10
Delivery
Problem

0
Low Margin
Old mfd. Date

Unavailability &

Replacement

Offers/Schemes
Delivery
Problem

50
OBSERVATION

Old manufacturing date:

• Amul Chocolate has been facing a major problem of old

manufacturing date on its packs. The packs which are available in

the market shows, the manufacturing date of February month during

the month of June.

• Retailers complain about the response of customer for old

manufacturing date. Customers are demanding for fresh chocolate

but due to old manufacturing date in Amul chocolate, some of them

are switching over to other brands that are supplying fresh packs for

sale in the market.

• Other competitor’s brands are supplying fresh packs with current month

manufacturing date. Amul chocolate is facing such problem, which is resulting

into the change of customer’s preference for chocolate at the point of purchase.

This shifting of preferences on other brands is resulting into ignorance of Amul

chocolate due to its manufacturing date.

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Unavailability and delivery problem:

• There is a demand of ‘Amul chocolate’ but due to unavailability of

chocolate the retailers are facing such problem.

• There are some areas where there is a demand but there is no supply

available. Retailers go on their own because there is absence of delivery

service and supply available.

• Retailers are complaining about the unavailability of stock demanded

by them. There is a limited supply of chocolate in respect to the current

market demand.

• In interior areas there is an absence of proper delivery channel and

where it is available it is fulfilling the demand to a very less extent.

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Replacement:

Few retailers are facing replacement problem, form (the dealers) where

they purchase. They have a complaint that the dealer shows very rude

behavior with them and never listen to their queries.

Low Margin:

• Retailers are complaining about the profit margin offered to them on

‘Amul chocolate’. They are demanding for more profit margins because

the other competitor brands are offering double and even more than

double profit margins.

• Retailers are giving more emphasis on other Chocolate brands because

of profit margins. They are trying to sell chocolate of other chocolate

brands to customers to earn more profit.

Offers/Schemes:

There is a complaint of offers and schemes; few chocolate brands are offering

some schemes on purchase of chocolate packs. The retailers are demanding as

well as complaining about the offers, in respect to other chocolate brands.

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54
AREAS OF IMPROVEMENT

&

RECOMMENDATIONS

• ‘Unavailability of Amul Chocolate’ is main part. This part can be taken

into consideration for improving the service quality as well as ensuring

maximum availability of Amul chocolate at every possible location.

• Right time to go for advertisement and promotion schemes. No such

major strategy is being followed by the competitor’s brand right now.

The company can draw the attention of customers and can take

advantage out of it.

• Only milk and ice cream products are there for displays and

advertisements in the market. There is an absence of ‘Amul chocolate’

displays, danglers, posters, illuminated boards etc. to focus on the

‘Amul Chocolate’.

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• There is a great demand from retailer’s side that the company should

offer greater profit margins. As the profit margin in ‘Amul Chocolate’

is less as compared to the competitor’s brand, retailers are switching

and giving their preference to the competitor’s brand that is offering

maximum margins to them.

• The old manufacturing date on packs is creating the shifting of

preference in consumer’s choice. The consumer wants fresh chocolate

and due to the old manufacturing date, the consumer opts for other

chocolate brands.

• Relationship with retailers and company should be kept under a close

watch.

• Salesmen should be given the responsibility to handle the retailer’s

grievances

• Orders by the retailers should be executed in a proper manner to avoid

irregular availability.

• Promotion activities should take into consideration in two different ways

a) Company should associate themselves with social events, b)

Company should use electronic as well as print media for their

advertisement.

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• Company should give special offers to retailers frequently.

• Company should expand their business throughout the small towns.

• Company should open exclusive Amul parlors and outlets in big

shopping Malls for promotion in higher segment.

• There have been a lot of complaints about replacement policy of Amul.

Amul should try to improve its replacement policy and make it

somewhat liberal.

• Amul should check the regular demand of the product and should supply

accordingly.

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• It was quenching time in the shops that use to deal in and some retailers

could not give proper attention towards our queries.

• Some retailers did not co-operate with us as they thought; it is just

wastage of time.

• There was no way to assess the reliability of the retailers. What ever

they said had to be assumed to be truth.

• Category wise search for retailers was a terrific job in the market.

• Interpretation of data may vary from individual depending on the

individual understanding the product features of the company.

• Since all the products are not widely used by all the customers it is

difficult to draw realistic conclusions based on the survey.

58
ANNEXURE

1. Name of the Area/Markets Covered:

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S.No. Market/Area S.No. Market/Area
1 Natkheda Road 11 Indra lok
2 Chandan nagar Market 12 Sindhu nagar
3 Talkatora Road 13 Manas nagar
4 Puran Nagar 14 Ramgagh Colony
5 Ram Nagar 15 Hind nagar
6 Sri Nagar 16 L.D.A Sec-E,F,D-1
7 Sringar nagar 17 Parag
8 Manak nagar 18 Aashiyana Sec-G

9 Barabirwa 19 Pawer house


10 Krishna nagar 20 Khajana Complex

Questionnaire

1. Brand(s) available in the shop:

 Amul

 Cadbury

 Nestle

 Others (if any) ______________

2. Offers and schemes available: (Type of Offer)

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 Amul _____________

 Cadbury _____________

 Nestle ___________

 Others (if any) _____________ _____________

3.Display on the shop (Banners/Boards/Paintings etc.) (Type)

 Amul _____________

 Cadbury _____________

 Nestle ___________

 Others (if any) _____________ _____________

4. Profit margin offered by the company: Percentage (%)

 Amul _____________

 Cadbury _____________

 Nestle ___________

 Others (if any) _____________ _____________

5. How many times the distributor services the retailer:

 Daily

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 Once a week

 Twice a week

 Thrice a week

 Once in 15 days

6. Problem/type of complaint in Amul, if any:

62
Books:

Kotler Philip, “Marketing Management”

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Kothari C.R., “Marketing Research”

Ramaswamy, “Marketing Management”

Websites:

http://www.amul.com

http://projectstoday.com/sitemap/dairy_products_database.asp

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THANKING YOU

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