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OM

PROCESS DECISIONS
 BUY OR MAKE DECISIONS :
-- Proprietary Items
-- Standard
Components
-- Specialty
Components (Tyres, Shock
Absorbers)
-- Commodity Type
Items (Steel, Coal etc)
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PROCESS DECISIONS
 FLEXIBILITY
-- Shifting to other
product
-- Shifting to other
design / variant of the same
product
-- Shifting to other raw
materials to produce the
same product
-- Shifting to changed
objectives in case of market
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PROCESS DECISIONS
 FLEXIBILITY
-- Basic Flexibility
(Machine Flexibility, Material
Handling Flexibility, Operation
Flexibility).
-- System Flexibility
(Volume Flexibility, Expansion
Flexibility, Routing Flexibility,
Process Flexibility, Product
Flexibility)
-- Aggregate Flexibility
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PROCESS DECISIONS
 LEVEL OF MECHANISATION :
-- Mixing of Equipment
& Human Skill
-- Last Stage is
AUTOMATION
-- FIXED Automation
( 1 type of product in sequence
of simple operations)
-- FLEXIBLE
Automation (Equipment that
can handle various processes,
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PROCESS DECISIONS
 PROCESS CHOICE :
-- Process is chosen
depending on factors like,
Product Characteristics &
Volume of Manufacturing, Raw
Material etc.
-- Process Focussed
Systems (where all the
products go / pass through / or
processed in a single
process / plant / machine)
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PROCESS DECISIONS
 PROCESS CHOICE :
-- Product Focussed
Systems (where same / similar
products of high volume are
manufactured or processed in
a process / plant / machine,
specially designed for the
purpose)
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PROCESS DECISIONS
 CHARACTERISTICS OF
DIFFERENT PRODUCTION
SYSTEMS :
-- High Volume ( More
Make than Buy Decisions, Less
Resource Flexibility, Less
Customer involvement)
-- Low Volume ( Less
vertical integration, more
resource flexibility, more
customer involvement, more
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PROCESS DECISIONS
 PROCESS DECISIONS FOR
SERVICES :
-- More Customization
Facility.
-- Customers’ choice is
given preference
-- Targeted Market
segment is the most
important factor.
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PROCESS DECISIONS
 DESIGNING PROCESSES :
-- PROCESS ANALYSIS
(Routing)
-- OPERATION
ANALYSIS (How each process is
to be performed)
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