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MM – Practice Problems -1

1. Define the following, give one example of each.

Matrix, Triangular matrix, Symmetric matrix, Skew Symmetric matrix, Orthogonal


matrix, Inverse of a matrix.

2. Prove that every invertible matrix possesses a unique inverse.

3. Prove that every square matrix can be expressed as the sum of a symmetric and skew-
symmetric matrices in one and only one way.

4. Prove that the inverse of an orthogonal matrix is orthogonal and its transpose is also
orthogonal.

5. Define adjoint of a matrix and hence find A −1 by using adjoint of A where


1 1 3 
A =
1 3 − 3


− 2 −4 − 4

− 24 −8 −12 
1 
Ans: A −1
= 10 2 6 
−8  

 2 2 2 

6. Solve the equations 3 x + 4 y + 5 z = 18 , 2 x + y − 8 z = 13 and 5 x − 2 y + 7 z = 20 . by matrix


inversion method. Ans: x = 3, y = 1, z =1.

7. Solve the equations 2 x + y − z = 1, x − y + z = 2, 5 x + 5 y − 4 z = 3 by Cramer’s rule. Ans:


x = 1, y = 2, z = 3.

−1 1 1 1
 −1 1
1 1 1
8. Show that A=   is orthogonal.
21 1 −1 1
 
1 1 1 −1

0 2b c 
9. Determine a, b, c so that A is orthogonal where A =
a b − c

a
 −b c 

Ans:
1 1 1
a =± ,b = ± ,c = ±
2 6 3
3 −3 4
10. If A =
2 −3 4
 show that A 3 = A −1

0 −1 1

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