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Chap 1 Problem Solutions Ll If v = 141.4sin(ut + 30°) V and i = 11.31 gos(wt — 30°) A. find for each (a) the maximum value, (6) the rms value and (c) the phasor expression in polar and rectangular form if voltage is the“feference Is the circuit inductive or c capacitive? roe Ve | A sin (ct SY Solution Gl cos (est 430 et) (2) Maximum values: Vmer = 141.4 V Tmax i (b) rms values IV = ae = 10V = + Vv Opctde r ; 430° The circuit is indyefive as I lage V om lecas 1.2 If the circuit of Prob. 1.1 consists of a purely resistive and a purely reactive element, find R and X, (a) if the elements are in series and (6) if the elements are in parallel. @ iy Was Solution: Ray K (a) Elements in series: & gene BED) _ z= SO R= Xe = some 9 BG G.2enr x 203+ \ OF =G@+\8 BA XG= Magn 89 N=G+) “haa 2S Cin gener! — 1.3 Ina single-phase circuit V, = 120245° V and V, = 100/~15° V with respect to a reference node 0. Find Vig in polar form. Solution: Ve = Vo-Veo Vie = 100,=15% - 120, 96.59 ~ 725.88 — (84.85 + 384.85) 11.74—3110.73 = 111.357-83.95" V 2 1.4 A single-phase ac voltage of 240 V is applied to a series circuit whose impedance is 10260° 9. Find R, X, P, Q and the power factor of the circuit. Solution: R = 1Weos60* = 50 9 X = 10sin6o" = 856 9 240208 : To pzage 7 2ea8Oe A Po = (24)?x5 = 2880 W Q = (24)? x 8.66 = 4988 var 4988 pL = cos (tan = ) = om @ ex(ar!%) = om 1.5 If a capacitor is connected in parallel with the circuit of Prob. 1.4 and if this capacitor supplies 1250 var, find the P and Q supplied by the 240-V source, and find the resultant power factor. Solution: P = 2880 W Q = 4988-1250 = 3738 var cos (can a8) sap) = 081 16 A single-phase inductive load draws 10 MW at 0.6 power factor lagging. Draw the power triangle and determine the reactive power of a capacitor to be con- nected in parallel with the load to raise the power factor to 0.85. Solution: 10 Braye pest (cos 0.6) = 13.33 . cos'0.85 = 31.79" 10tan31.79° = 6.2 var an Q = - (1333-62) = -T713 Mvar 7