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# c

 c c
c   c

 c c

c

c c
 c c

 c
c
c
cc

c cc

 c
 cc

ccc



 c c
 c


c  c c

 c
c c  c c

 
 c 
c 
c

c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

## HAAMAN PNG AHAN

  c c  c

c 
c  c c
 c
 c
c
  c

  c  c
  c
  c c   c  c 
  c 
c c

##   c 

c  c cc  c

c  c

##  c c cAnalisis Aliran rblen dengan Pe modelan

Nmerik

 c c c c

 c c cc  c c

!c c c"#c\$\$%c\$\$&c


c c c c  c c
   c
cc  c

c c cccccccccc 
c  c cc  c c

## c c c cccc c'c      c(\$")(c

c cc

  c c cc  
c* c+
cc& c

,c'c c c\$-(c""(c%"&c.\$-c

## ccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccc !  c

ccc
ccc c c c c c ccccccc  cc c c

## c  c cc c c cccccccccccc cc 

c'   c!1cc

c"#c\$\$%c\$\$&ccc c c c ccccccc.(\$3"3.)%\$3\$\$ c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

DAFAR ISI

HAAMAN JUDU

HAAMAN PNGSAHAN

DAFAR ISI

A I. PNDAHUUANc

c 4  c    c

"c ! 
 c c c
c c

3c 
c!
 c

&c 4
c
c c

"c 
c
c

## ""c   cO c

"3c c 
c
c

## 3"c   c  c

33c 

c c

3&c 4  c

3(c 5 c 
 c c

## A IV. PNUUP

DAFAR PUSAKA

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

A I

PNDAHUUAN

## £.£. AAR AKANG


 c  cc  c c c  c c
   c
c

## c   c  

c   c c c   c 

c  c

 c

+ c  c1  c  cc
  cc  cc   cc
  c

c 
c  
  c 
c  c   c  c

 c  c c   c

##  c    c  c  c c

 c  c  
 cc  c  c

   c c

##   c c  c

c
   cc c
 c c
  c

##    c  c   c    c c  

c
 c  c c  c

##  c   c  c 

c  c  c  c   c c

  ,c 
c
 c  c  c
 c
 cc  c

## c c   c    c   c 1  c  c  c

  c  c    c  c
 c  
c   c

 c  c

## c   c c c   c  c 

   c 
c c   c



c  c    c 

+  c c  c
 c

 

c  c
c  c
 c  c 
   c c   c c  c

##  c  FRPORcc  c

  c  
  c
c

 c
c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

## ccccccccccc!  c    c c    c  c 


+ c  c 
c

c   c  c 
   c
 c  cc   c    c
  c

##   c c  c cc c

cccccccccc!

+ c  c  

c  cc c
 c  c  c

c c  c6c

## £.3. AASAN MASAAH

c 
c  c   c  c  
  c c  c  c    c  c

##  c   c c 

c c

c 

c c  c  c  c c

 c    c   c  c   

c  c c  c c  c  c

c c   c6c

## £.4. OKASI UGAS AKHIR

c 
c  cc  c  
  c cFRPOR

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

A II

DASAR ORI

## 2.£. DFINIS URUNSI

 c c  c
 c
c  c 
c   c c c

##  c  c   c c 4  c c 71c 8-\$\$ 9c    c


 c  c c  c c
 c 
c  c
 c
 c  c


 c 1 c c cc ccc

 c  cc  c

cÔ  c81  9c  c c c

##  c c c c

c
   cc4 c c
 c
 c  c c

  c
 c  c cc    c  c

cÔ  c  c
 c c

##  c + c c  c  + c c c

c  c c  c

  c  c  c  c
c    c  c  c  c 
 c   c

 c

cÔ  cc 
 ccc  c c  c
 c

##    c  c  c c 


c    c  c  

 c  
c c

 c c  c   c
  c  c  c  c
 c     c  
c

  c     c c
 c c   c   c c c c


c  c c 
c c  c  c
  c  
 c
 c

   c c
 c 8:  + c ;c c !c ..%<9c 
c

1  c
 c  cc  c  c
c  c   c

c c


c8 9c  c   c   c 1 c c c c  c

 c  c \$\$c
 c \$\$c c
 c  c   c
 c 1c
  c

 c 
c
c c c   c  c !
c   c 1c  c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

##  c  c c   c   c 

c
1  c  c  c c



c  c  
c  c c   c   c   c c  c


c
 c 1 c c   c
 c   c   c
 c
c c

 
c 
 c c c  c
 c c cc 1  c
1  c

 c
 c
 c c  c
1  c cc


c c 4c 8.)"9c    c  + c  c c  c

 c  
 c  c  c  
c 
 c
 
 c 
c

  c
c
 c  cc  c c  c8  9c  cc  
c

 cc
 c   c c
 
c c  c  
c


 c
 
 c
c
 ccc

=c 
 c

##  c c  c 1  c  c 8 

 9c  c c   c

##  c c c   c   c  c  c 


c 1  c

8Ô  9c c 
c cc c c

c

=c 
c

## c c  c  c  c 

 c 
c 8      9c c


 c 1c 8Ô    9c# c 
 c 
c   c c  c   c

## 8    Ô9c c  c 

c 1c  
c c 
 c 
c 

c c

 c
 c      c # c   c    c 
  c 1c  c

##  c   c c 

 c  c  c 


c  c c

  c 
c   c
 c  c c  c   c ' c c

  c 
 c   c    c  c  c 
 c  c  c c

  c c
c  c  c c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

## =c   cO c  c c

 cc
 c c   cO c   c c  c 
c c

##   cO ccc

 c c c 
c  c c

##  c  c   c O c  c c

 c  c  c  c  c

##  c  c  cO c  c

c   c  c
 c  c c

 c 
c   c  c 
c  c  c c   c  c  c

    c  c  c  c 
c
 c
c1 c  c c 
c

 
c 8       9cc  c 
c     c  c  c

  c

=c cc  c
 c  c

##   c  c c  c  c  c 

c  c  c  c   c

 c c
 c 
c  c  c  c c  c   c  c c

  c   c
 c  c c   cO c   c
 c   c 
c

  c  c  c  
c  
c c 
c c 


c  ,


c

c 8
 c c  9c c 


c 
c 8
 c  9c

7


c 
c  c c 


c   c  c  c # c c

##    c c  c  c



cc


c   c  c   c  c   c
 c   c

 c
 c c c c
 c ccc  c c c  c


c  c  c  c   c c  c  c  c   c c

##  c   c c c 

c 1  c  c c  c   c

    c  c  c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

## c c 

c

i   c 
c
 c c c

c c   c c

c 
c
c c  cc
cc c c c c

##  c  c  c

c cc   c 
c c c
c

  c
c   c c  c  c
c    c

  c
c   c
cc cc c c  c

 c 
c c c  c 
ccc
c
c


 cc  c
 ci
 c !!"#c

## \$  c Ô c c c  c c   c 

c


 
cÔ c c c 
c   c
ccc
c

cc
c c
cc c
cc
c


c c 
 #c  c c c c   c c c  
c

  c 
c c  c
c c c 
c  c c  
c

 c
c c

 c c c c 
c c
ccc

 c 
c c 
c c  
c   c 
c   c

 c c   c 
c c
 c  c c  c

c
  c
c  c   #c c  c  
c  c

##  c   c 

c  
c  

c 
c  #c

cc

i   c 
c  c  
c  c c  c
 c


c  #c  c  c   c
 c ´   c c #c   c c

##  c 

c  
c %c
 c c  c  c 
c

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c cc c
 c

c   c 
c

## c c c c c 


c 
c  c c   c c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

## c  c 

c      c c c  c

 
cc c c c 
 c   c 
ccc  c

c 
c  c  c   c
    c  c

u  Ô   
Ô     c &'#c (c c  c !!!#c   c

##  c c   c 

 c  c  c
 c  
c c


 c  c c  cÔ   c  c  c &c 
c  c

  c 
c c c
 c ) 
  c
 c

cc
 c  c c  c

& 
c   c 
c c c   c  c 
 c

 c c 
 c c c c  c 
 
c 

c c

## c  c c 

c c 
c c   c 
c  c

* c c 
c 
 c 

c   c   c 
c  c

 c c
 c  c  c   c c c c

 c 
 c (c  c  c 
c c c c  c c

 c   c 
c 
 c   c c  c c  c 
 c


 cc   c
c c
 cc

ccc   c


c c  c  c 
 c &c   c c
 c


c   c 
c c 
 c 
 c c  u  c  c

 c
cc  c  c   c
c c c c

c c 
c 
 c c

## c c  c  u  c c c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

c c
 c

 c  c
 c
 c 
c c 
c c c c


c 
c c  c  c c c 
c c c 
 c  c

 c  
c 
cc c 

c  c c  c 
 c

c   c c c c  c  c c c c

c

 c
c

##   c  c cc 

c c
 c cc

##   c cO  cc

  c 
 c  c c +c  c  
c   c  c

O  c  c  c  
c  c c c  c c c 
 c

##  c c  c O  c  c c 

c 
c c c


 c  ccc
c
 c
c
c
c 
c c c

## cc c cO  c c c

c
c  c
c c
 c c c-c.///c

c
c cc  c
 c c c cc c c-c0//c

c
c
  c
cÔ    #c ccc c c c

c c

c 
c  c
  c

## &  cc cc

c
 c  c  c


c 
c 
c

c c c c 
c 
 c 
 c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

  
c c c c
c c


#c c
c c

c  c  
c  c  c  c  c  c  c  c 
c

 c 
 c  c c   c  c c  c c  c



c   c 
c c   c 
c 
c

c c

## ccc  c c cO    Ôu  ccc

 cc

 c
c

cc c

c
c

ccc

 
 cc c
c c cO    Ôu  c1i
!c

!!2c 

c+,c cc !!3#c%c cc
ccc cc 
c c

c
c
c c

 c
c c c  c  c
 c     c

c c

 c c 
c 
c  c 
c c   c



ccc cc  c  c
c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

6c ,cO    Ôu  c c
 c   cc



ccc

6c c, c
 
c

c  cc c
 c

##     cc c


c

6c *
 c
 c

c  c
 c    c c

## c  c

 c    c cc

 c 
c c

 cc
 c


c  c 
 c

ccc
 
c

c

## 6c \$c  c

 c 
c c cc

 cc  c 
 cccc
 
c


c

.2 cc&
 c*    c*  c

## O    Ôu  c c c    c 

 c  c c


 c cc
 c   c) 
 #c  c
cc

c c
 c c c c c  c
c c

## * cc ccc c

c c c

  c  c

c   c c  c c



c  c c   c  c 
  #c c &  c c c

 c c 
c c

##  c   c  c c ,c

 
c

c c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

 c
 c     c c c   c

c   c


c

%c
 ccc  cxc

cc c
 
c

c

## c c  c

 c 
c  c 
c c   c  c


#c  c
c

c
 c 
c 
c c c 
c 
c   c c  c

c
c cc c c c c
c

 cc

  c c 
 
c 
c 
c  c 
 c c 
c

 c

## c c c c

c cc c
c c c
c


 c c  c  c 
c  c c  c 
c 
 c  c

 
c 
c   c c  c c c 
c  c c

c
  cc c   c c c c c
c


c

%c c 
 c 
 c   c
 c    c c c

 c
 ccc  c  c
c

##  c  c c   c 5c c c

 
c

 cc

 c
 c 
c  c c c   c 
 #c

  c
c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

c
 c 
c 
c c c 
c 
c  c 
  c c  c

c 
c  c c  c  c  c c c

##    cc  c

c c cc   cc c c


c  c c  c 
c 
 c  c  
c 
c  c

## c c  c 

c   c
 c 
c

c  c



c c
c c  cc

c  c 
c 
c c


 # c c  c  c c 
c  c c c

 , c   c c 
c  c % # c c c   c c

##  c c c

c 
c c c
c cc
c c

c c

c  cc  
 #c

.2.c&
 c*    c
c

## ccO    Ôu  c c c 


c c c   c  c

c
 cc

cc

,c
 
c

c c c
 c c

## c  c

 c     c c

c 

c   c


c


 c   c
 c c 

c c c   c 
 c

c 

c 
c c
 
c

c O  c  Ôu  #c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

## c c  c

 c c 
c 

c  
c 

#c

  c
c

c
 c c c 
c 

c c  c 
 
c

 c 
c 
c 

c  c

c 
 c c   c  c  c


  c c  c  c  c c  
c c # c c

  c ccc  
c c c

c c  c
 c

c c
 c
 c  c c

 c
 c c  c c  c c  c c 

c   cc 
c


c
 c  c
c c cc c
 c 
cc

  c
c

 c
 cc c
ccc

.2"c&
 c*    c6
c& c

&
 c c 
c 
c  c 
c  c  
c


 c c c c 

c   c 
 
c c   c *c  c

## c  c c

 c  c
 c 
 c

 #cc c%cccc c
 cc c c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

## c   c  c %c  c c  c 

c   c 

c c

c c 
c
 c 
 c c 
c  c  c c  c

c  c
c1i
!c !!2 ci
!c !!37c

##  c  c cc ccc   c&

 ccc

 c  c
 c c  c   c c ,c c 
c

c
 c cc  c
cc 
c c cc
c

  c   c c c c  c  c c  c

##  c 5c  c cc c

 c

%c c 
 c
 
c

c c  c
 c c

c

 c*
 c  c
 ccc c cc c

 c c c  c %c c c c c   c c

 c c 
 c
 
c

c c c  c
 c

    cc 
c c  c
cc

 c c
 c c  c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

MODOOGI

## 3.£. MA PNIIAN

Õ    
       Õ

##  c  c  c   c   c 

 c  
c   c c  
c

##   c c   c c   c  c   c  c c


c

 c 
 
c
 c  

c   c   c  c    c


 c  c cc  c  cc  c c

## c  c cc    c  c    c  c c

 c
c  c

   ccc  c c

 cc8c  c  c
  c  
  c9c

ëc    c

c

ëc    c c

ëc    c
 c
c

ëc  c>  c 
c c

##  c c8c  c  c c  

  c  c
  c  
  c9c

ëc  c c  c

   c   c  c  c  c    c   c
  c

 
  c c  c  c c c    c c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

## 3.3. FASIIAS PNIIAN

c  c  
 c 
c  c c  c    c c

##    c c    c  c 


c 
c c  1  c

   cc
cc

c  

c c

cc
c8   9c

"c 
c c

c

## 3c 4 c

&c    cc c   c

%c 

cc

## )c c  c

3.4. APORAN

'
c c c  c 
 c  c cc

 c  c
cc

  c

 
c c   c  c 

 c c  c c 
c  c c c

 
c
   c

c  c

c c

## 3.5. WAKU PAKSANAAN UGAS AKHIR

c 5 c  
 c  c  c 1   c
  c c 8
9c  c

  c  c  
  c cc c c  c  cc + c c"\$c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

A IV

PNUUP

## c  c   c  c  


 c  c   c 

c

 c  c   c 
c  c  c   c   c  c

 c + +
c  c  c 

+ c   c
 c c   c

   c c c c 
 c c  c 
c

c  c   c
  c cc 

+ cc    c


c  c 
c   c  c
 c  c
 c  c    c

c 

+ c
  c  c    c
 
 c  c c

##   c  cc

c  c 
 c 
c  c c Freeportc   c   c
 c

 c c
 c  c
 c  c   c c 
c    c  c

##  1  c  c 

 

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

DAFAR PUSAKA

## : cc1 1c  c

 1c11: 
c

## "c * !:c..&c?1 c!8 @c1cc4

cc

5
 c c

## 3c c'<c!c* c;cc! c..(c?c11c 1

1 cc

c!1
1c?ccc1 c1 c7"c"c3%)3-\$c

## &c ###c'c  c4!4#/cc

c1
cc1c!c

 c

Ac

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc
c

c
c
 
 c   c 
 cc