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School of Chemical Engineering, UNSW, Assignment 3 SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL SCIENCES & ENGINEERING UNIVERSITY OF NEW SOUTH WALES CEIC3000

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS 3 ASSIGNMENT 3 DUE 1 WEEK FROM MONDAY, MAY 3, 2010 1. The irreversible 2nd order consecutive reactions A+ S 1 X X + S Y take place in an isothermal batch reactor. If the reactor is initially charged with 1 mole and 2 moles of A and S respectively, estimate the mole fraction of X in the reaction mixture after 0.5 moles of A had been consumed. Assume that k2/k1 = 2.0 Hint: As a result of the reaction stoichiometry, the total number of moles, N, at any time is: N=A+S+X+Y
k2 k

(1.1)

2. When a gas rises as bubbles through a deep pool of liquid, the bubble size may increase or decrease depending on whether the gas is insoluble or soluble in the liquid. It has, however, been shown that the mass transfer coefficient (kc) for spherical bubbles in freefall (or free-rise) is essentially constant. Thus, for a sparingly soluble gas, the bubble rise dynamics may be obtained (via material balance considerations) as:

4 d R3C = 4k C *R 2 (t ) 3 c dt

(2.1)

where C=P/RgT (Rg is universal gas constant) is the molar density of the gas, C* is the molar solubility of gas in the liquid and R(t) is the changing gas bubble radius. The pressure P at a distance z from the top of the liquid surface is, P=PA+Lgz (PA=atmospheric pressure) and the bubble rise velocity, U, is assumed to be constant but linearly related to the radius as:

School of Chemical Engineering, UNSW, Assignment 3

U = dz = R(t ) dt
2

2g 3 = 2 15 0.5 where g is acceleration due to gravity and is liquid kinematic viscosity.

(2.2)

a. Show that by a change of variables, the material balance equation eqn (2.1) may be written as:
dR 1 R 2 R + = P dP 3 P

(2.3)

where, = b.

kc RgTC *

L g

Solve the equation in (a) using the initial conditions: At t=0, R=R0 and P=P0=PA+Lgz0, hence prove that
2 P R0 + 3 2 = P0 R 2 + 3 3

(2.4)