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ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.

edu




ECE 545
Introductory Microwave Networks and Components





Final Report

















Xin Dai
May 4, 2005
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
1. Hybrid Coupler
MSUB
MSub1
Rough=0 mil
TanD=0.02
T=0.15 mil
Hu=3.9e+034 mil
Cond=4.1E+7
Mur=1
Er=4.43
H=62.0 mil
MSub
S_Param
SP1
Step=0.01 GHz
Stop=7.0 GHz
Start=3.0 GHz
S-PARAMETERS
MLN
TL2
L=900 mil
W=190 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL5
L=900 mil
W=190 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL8
L=1050 mil
W=155 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL7
L=1050 mil
W=155 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL6
L=400 mil
W=120 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL4
L=400 mil
W=120 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL1
L=400 mil
W=120 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL3
L=400 mil
W=120 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee12
W3=155 mil
W2=190 mil
W1=120 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee5
W3=155 mil
W2=120 mil
W1=190 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee13
W3=155 mil
W2=190 mil
W1=120 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee14
W3=155 mil
W2=120 mil
W1=190 mil
Subst="MSub1"
Term
Term3
Z=50 Ohm
Num=3
Term
Term4
Z=50 Ohm
Num=4
Term
Term2
Z=50 Ohm
Num=2
Term
Term1
Z=50 Ohm
Num=1
Port
P3
Num=3
Port
P4
Num=4
Port
P2
Num=2
Port
P1
Num=1

Figure 1.1 Schematic View of Hybrid Coupler





Figure 1.2 Layout of Hybrid Coupler Figure 1.3 Picture of Hybrid Coupler


ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu








Figure 1.4 Schematic Simulation of Hybrid Coupler


Figure 1.5 Momentum Simulation of Hybrid Coupler
m1
freq=
m1=171.372
5.060GHz
m2
freq=
m2=-163.991
5.060GHz
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-100
0
100
-200
200
f req, GHz
p
h
a
s
e
(
S
(
1
,
2
)
)
m1
p
h
a
s
e
(
S
(
1
,
3
)
)
m2
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-30
-20
-10
-40
0
freq, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
1
)
)
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-9
-3
freq, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
2
,
3
)
)
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-20
-15
-10
-25
-5
freq, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
2
)
)
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
D
B
Frequency (GHz)
S11
S13
S31
S33
Coupler Measurement---1

Figure 1.6 Measurements Result of Hybrid Coupler using Network Analyzer

Analysis:

On Momentum simulation, dB(S11) reaches lowest point of 15dB at 5.5GHz, dB(S12)
gets the highest value of 5.2dB at 5GHz, the phase change of S11 appears at 5.2GHz.

While for the real measurement results, dB(S11) reaches lowest point of 32.5dB at
4.5GHz, dB(S12) gets the highest value of 5dB at 4.5GHz. dB(S41), dB(44) both reach lowest
point at 4.5GHz to 20dB and 30dB respectively.

The measurement shows 0.5GHz difference to the expected. This is partially due to not
taking the solder connection, loss along transmission line into consideration. Also, each edge of
hybrid coupler is not exactly /4 length.

This project gives me a very good start to understand circuit design under microwave
frequency. Due to unfamiliar with ADS software, I spend a lot of time in using and debugging
the software. The measurement shows some difference with the design demand. But anyway, this
project is still beneficial and helpful.

ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
2. Wilkison Power Coupler
MSUB
MSub1
Rough=0 mil
TanD=0.02
T=0.15 mi l
Hu=3.9e+034 mi l
Cond=1.0E+50
Mur=1
Er=4.43
H=62 mi l
MSub
S_Param
SP1
Step=0.1 GHz
Stop=7.0 GHz
Start=3.0 GHz
S-PARAMETERS
Term
Term3
Z=50 Ohm
Num=3
Term
Term2
Z=50 Ohm
Num=2
Term
Term1
Z=50 Ohm
Num=1
MLN
TL10
L=632 mi l
W=120 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee1
W3=120 mi l
W2=63 mi l
W1=63 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL14
L=400 mi l
W=120 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve11
Radi us=402 mi l
Angl e=90
W=120 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve5
Radi us=100 mi l
Angl e=90
W=120 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee3
W3=120 mi l
W2=63 mi l
W1=63 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL11
L=0 mi l
W=63 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve2
Radi us=75 mi l
Angl e=180
W=63 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
sr_dal _CRCW_0603_F_19950814
R1
PART_NUM=CRCW06031000F 100 Ohm
MLN
TL7
L=90 mi l
W=63 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL13
L=400 mi l
W=120 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve10
Radi us=402 mi l
Angl e=90
W=120 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve
Radi us=75 mi l
Angl e=180
W=63 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL6
L=90 mi l
W=63 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL12
L=0 mi l
W=63 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve4
Radi us=100 mi l
Angl e=90
W=120 mi l
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee2
W3=120 mi l
W2=63 mi l
W1=63 mi l
Subst="MSub1"

Figure 2.1 Schematic View of Wilkison Power Coupler
















Figure 2.2 Wilkison Power Coupler Layout Figure 2.3 Wilkison Power Coupler Picture
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-15
-10
-20
-5
Frequency
M
a
g
.

[
d
B
]
S11
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-100
0
100
-200
200
Frequency
P
h
a
s
e

[
d
e
g
]
S11
freq (3.000GHz to 7.000GHz)

S11
Thu Feb 17 2005 - Dataset: design_0_mom_a
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-8
-7
-6
-5
-4
-9
-3
freq, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
2
)
)
d
B
(
S
(
2
,
3
)
)








Figure 2.4 Schematic Simulation of Wilkison Power Coupler






















Figure 2.5 Momentum Simulation of Wilkison Power Coupler
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
-45
0
freq, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
1
)
)
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
2
)
)
d
B
(
S
(
2
,
3
)
)
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-28
-26
-24
-22
-20
-18
-16
-14
-12
-10
-8
-6
-4
-30
-2
freq, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
2
)
)
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
3
)
)
d
B
(
S
(
2
,
2
)
)
d
B
(
S
(
3
,
3
)
)
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
-45
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
D
B
Frequency (GHz)
S11
S21
S22
S32
Wilkinson Measurement Result

Figure 2.6 Measurement Result of Wilkison Power Coupler using Network Analyzer

Analysis:

On Momentum simulation, dB(S11) reaches lowest point of 20dB at 5.5GHz, dB(S12)
remains above 4dB until the frequency is higher than 5.5GHz , the phase change of S11 appears
at 4.2GHz and 6.7GHz.

While for the real measurement results, dB(S11) reaches lowest point of 20dB at 5GHz,
dB(S21) gets the highest value of 5dB below 5.5GHz. dB(S32), dB(22) reach lowest point at
5.5GHz and 4.5GHz to 30dB and 40dB respectively.

The measurement shows 0.5GHz difference to design value. This is partially due to not
taking the solder connection, loss along transmission line into consideration. Also, the position of
SMT resistor has some influence to the measurement. The coupling between two branches also
gives rise to additional errors.

This project gives me a further understanding to circuit design under microwave frequency.
I had some problems in generate the proper layout due to the introduce of SMT resistor, but
eventually solved this problem after long time of adjusting microstripe line dimension. The
measurement shows some difference with the design demand. But anyway, this project is still
beneficial and helpful.
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
3. Modified Wilkison Power Coupler
MSUB
MSub1
Rough=0 mil
TanD=0.02
T=0.15 mil
Hu=3.9e+034 mil
Cond=1.0E+50
Mur=1
Er=4.4
H=62.0 mil
MSub
VAR
VAR5
y =250
Eqn
Var
VAR
VAR4
x=200
Eqn
Var
VAR
VAR3
z=500
Eqn
Var
MTEE
Tee4
W3=120.0 mil
W2=120.0 mil
W1=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL13
L=z mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee6
W3=120.0 mil
W2=120.0 mil
W1=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL14
L=z mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curv e7
Radius=120 mil
Angle=90
W=120 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curv e3
Radius=120 mil
Angle=90
W=120 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL12
L=x mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL15
L=x mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
Port
P1
Num=4
Port
P2
Num=5
Port
P5
Num=1
Port
P4
Num=2
Port
P3
Num=3
MLN
TL8
L=y mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL5
L=y mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL3
L=x mil
W=63.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL2
L=x mil
W=63.0 mil
Subst="MSub1" MTEE
Tee3
W3=120.0 mil
W2=63.0 mil
W1=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee2
W3=120.0 mil
W2=63.0 mil
W1=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
Term
Term1
Z=50 Ohm
Num=1
MLN
TL4
L=300.0 mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee1
W3=120.0 mil
W2=63.0 mil
W1=63.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL7
L=300.0 mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
Term
Term3
Z=50 Ohm
Num=3
S_Param
SP1
Step=0.1 GHz
Stop=7.0 GHz
Start=3.0 GHz
S-PARAMETERS
Term
Term2
Z=50 Ohm
Num=2
MLN
TL1
L=300.0 mil
W=120.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"

Figure 3.1 Schematic view of Modified Wilkison Power Coupler













Figure 3.2 Modified Wilkison Power Figure 3.3 Modified Wilkison Power
Coupler Layout Coupler Picture
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu














Figure 3.4 Simulation Result of Modified Wilkison Power Coupler
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
-45
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
D
B
Frequency (GHz)
S11
S21
S22
S32
Wilkinson Measurement Result

Figure 3.5 Measurement Result of Modified Wilkison Power Coupler





3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
-40
0
freq, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
1
)
)
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
2
)
)
d
B
(
S
(
2
,
3
)
)
3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 3.0 7.0
-150
-100
-50
0
50
100
150
-200
200
freq, GHz
p
h
a
s
e
(
S
(
1
,
2
)
)
p
h
a
s
e
(
S
(
1
,
3
)
)
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
4. 5GHz Amplifier










Figure 4.1 Schematic View of 5GHz Amplifier

















Figure 4.2 Layout of 5GHz Amplifier Figure 4.3 Picture of 5GHz Amplifier

MCORN
TL46
W=40 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL43
L=80 mil
W=40 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL45
L=80 mil
W=40 mil
Subst="MSub1"
ML N
TL38
L=130 mil
W=60 mil
Subst="MSub1"
C
Cin
C=1 pF
ML N
TL31
L=500.0 mil
W=10.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee5
W3=10.0 mil
W2=60.0 mil
W1=60.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL40
L=60 mil
W=60 mil
Subst="MSub1"
Term
Term1
Z=50 Ohm
Num=1
V_DC
SRC1
Vdc=-0.6 V
C
C2
C=1000 pF
VA
V7
T=0.15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10. 0 mil
D1=15. 0 mil
ML N
TL32
L=60 mil
W=60 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
TL24
W3=60.0 mil
W2=60.0 mil
W1=60.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
R
R1
R=4650 Ohm
MLN
TL44
L=100 mil
W=60 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL50
L=30 mil
W=30 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL39
L=100 mil
W=60 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
TL26
W3=60.0 mil
W2=60.0 mil
W1=60.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL33
L=60 mil
W=60 mil
Subst="MSub1"
V_DC
SRC2
Vdc=5.0 V
C
C3
C=1000 pF
R
R2
R=120 Ohm
V A
V8
T=0. 15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
pb_sms_BFP183W_19960901
Q1
VA
V2
T=0.15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
MLN
TL49
L=40 mil
W=30 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL34
L=200. 0 mil
W=10. 0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee4
W3=60.0 mil
W2=60.0 mil
W1=60.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
R
Rstab
R=20 Ohm
MLN
TL36
L=100 mil
W=60 mil
Subst="MSub1"
C
Cout
C=5 pF
MLN
TL41
L=60 mil
W=60 mil
Subst="MSub1"
Term
Term2
Z=50 Ohm
Num=2
VA
V12
T=0.15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
V A
V11
T=0. 15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
VA
V4
T=0.15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
MCORN
TL47
W=30 mil
Subst="MSub1"
VA
V1
T=0.15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
VA
V3
T=0.15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
VA
V10
T=0.15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
VA
V9
T=0.15 mil
H=25.0 mil
D2=10.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
S_Param
SP1
Step=0. 2 GHz
Stop=5. 0 GHz
Start=5.0 GHz
S-PARAMETERS
MSUB
MSub1
Rough=0 mil
TanD=0.02
T=0.15 mil
Hu=3.9e+034 mil
Cond=1.0E+50
Mur=1
Er=4.43
H=62 mil
MSub
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
m2
f req=
m2=-5.187
5.000GHz
m1
f req=
m1=-46.403
5.000GHz
3 4 5 6 7 2 8
-40
-30
-20
-10
-50
0
f req, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
1
,
1
)
)
m2
d
B
(
S
(
2
,
2
)
)
m1
m3
f req=
m3=10.403
5.000GHz
3 4 5 6 7 2 8
6
8
10
12
14
16
4
18
f req, GHz
d
B
(
S
(
2
,
1
)
)
m3
m4
f req=
m4=0.724
5.000GHz
3 4 5 6 7 2 8
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
0.5
3.0
f req, GHz
n
f
(
2
)
m4
m5
freq=
m5=0.550 / 175.516
impedance = Z0 * (0.290 + j0.036)
5.000GHz
f req (2.000GHz to 8.000GHz)
S
(
1
,
1
)
m5















Figure 4.4 Simulation Result of 5GHz Amplifier

2 3 4 5 6 7 8
-45
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
D
B
Frequency (GHz)
S11
S12
S21
S22

Figure 4.5 Measurement Result of 5GHz Amplifier

ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
Analysis:

This project gave me more challenge. It requires a lot of procedures, including DC-bias
setup, stability calculation, input/output impedance match. But after I got familiar with some
ADS example, the design is just a time process, although this process is still long and energy
consuming. On simulation, all the index are good. dB(S11)is -5dB at 5GHz, dB(S22) remains
reaches lowest point of 46dB at 5GHz , db(s21) at 5GHz is 10.4dB.

While for the real measurement results, dB(S11) reaches lowest point of 40dB at 5GHz,
which is good. dB(S12) and db(S22) get 25dB and 8dB at 5GHz. dB(21) gets only 5dB at
5GHz, which is not satisfactory.

This project gives me a further understanding to Microwave circuit design with power
source. I had some problems in DC-bias setup due to using S-parameter mode instead of Spice
model. The design of power amplifier needs a lot of experience and is really not a easy job for
beginners like me. But anyway, this project is still helpful and gives me a very good start point.
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
5. 2.35GHz Oscillator
vout
MSUB
MSub1
Rough=0 mil
TanD=0.02
T=0.15 mil
Hu=3.9e+034 mil
Cond=1.0E+50
Mur=1
Er=4.43
H=62.0 mil
MSub
DC
DC1
DC
HarmonicBalance
HB1
Order[1]=3
Freq[1]=2.35 GHz
HARMONC BALANCE
MLOC
TL11
L=710.0 mil
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee4
W3=36.0 mil
W2=36.0 mil
W1=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MSOBND_MDS
Bend2
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MSOBND_MDS
Bend3
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL18
L=500.0 mil
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL21
L=390.0 mil
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL17
L=400 mil
W=118 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLOC
TL13
L=838.0 mil
W=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLOC
TL12
L=330.0 mil
W=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee6
W3=118.0 mil
W2=80.0 mil
W1=80.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL23
L=140.0 mil
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL19
L=100.0 mil
W=80.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL22
L=340.0 mil
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
Tee3
L=50.0 mil
W=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
sr_dal_CRCW_0805_F_19950814
R4
PART_NUM=CRCW08052000F 200 Ohm
MTEE
Tee1
W3=80.0 mil
W2=80.0 mil
W1=80.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
V_DC
SRC1
Vdc=10.0 V
VA
V1
T=0.15 mil
H=62.0 mil
D2=20.0 mil
D1=20.0 mil
VA
V2
T=0.15 mil
H=62.0 mil
D2=20.0 mil
D1=20.0 mil
sr_dal_CRCW_0805_F_19950814
R6
PART_NUM=CRCW08054991F 5 kOhm
MTEE
Tee2
W3=80.0 mil
W2=80.0 mil
W1=80.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL8
L=330.0 mil
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL20
L=250.0 mil
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
OscPort
Osc1
MaxLoopGainStep=
Fundndex=1
Steps=10
NumOctaves=2
Z=1.1 Ohm
V=
MTEE
Tee5
W3=36.0 mil
W2=118.0 mil
W1=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MSOBND_MDS
Bend1
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
VA
V3
T=0.15 mil
H=62.0 mil
D2=20.0 mil
D1=20.0 mil
MTEE
Tee7
W3=36.0 mil
W2=118.0 mil
W1=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
sr_dal_CRCW_0805_F_19950814
R5
PART_NUM=CRCW08054990F 499 Ohm
MLN
TL15
L=100.0 mil
W=100.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLOC
TL10
L=610.0 mil
W=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
sc_avx_ACCU-F_08053K_F_19960828
C1
PART_NUM=08053K101FAW 100pF
Term
Term1
Z=50 Ohm
Num=1
MLOC
TL14
L=100 mil
W=100 mil
Subst="MSub1"
pb_hp_AT41411_19920721
Q1
MLN
TL16
L=80.0 mil
W=80.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL1
L=620.0 mil
W=36.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"

Figure 5.1 Schematic View of 2.35GHz Oscillator









Figure 5.2 Layout of 2.35GHz Oscillator Figure 5.3 Picture of 2.35GHz Oscillator
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
m3
indep(m3)=
m3=-83.181
1.000E4
1E3 1E4 1E5 1E6 1E2 1E7
-140
-120
-100
-80
-60
-160
-40
noisefreq, Hz
p
n
f
m
m3
harmindex
0
1
2
3
HB.freq
0.0000 Hz
2.350GHz
4.699GHz
7.049GHz
m1
harmindex=
m1=15.157
1
0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 0.0 3.0
-10
0
10
20
-20
30
harmindex
d
B
m
(
H
B
.
v
o
u
t
)
m1
100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 0 900
3
4
5
2
6
time, psec
t
s
(
H
B
.
v
o
u
t
)
,

V

















Figure 5.4 Simulation result of 2.35GHz Oscillator



Analysis:

I felt much better in this project. Perhaps this is because I am becoming more and more
familiar with ADS and interested in Microwave circuit design. I got the best Simulation result so
far. I got perfect 2.35GHz base frequency and very little harmonics. The waveform shown on
above figure is very smooth.

Since we need equipment from EM lab under Dr. Race to test the oscillator, I did not test it
because Dr. Pace is not available so far. Whats a pity.

This project gives me a further understanding to Microwave circuit design with power
source. I begin to like Microwave circuit design. The design of oscillator still needs a lot of
experience and some more stuff like buffer and feedback control parts, which we are not required
to design. But anyway, this project is still helpful.
ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu
6. Mixer (RF:2.45GHz, LO:2.35GHz, IF:100MHz)
F
LO
RF
MSUB
MSub1
Rough=0 mil
TanD=0.02
T=0.15 mil
Hu=3.9e+034 mil
Cond=4.1E+7
Mur=1
Er=4.43
H=62.0 mil
MSub
MLOC
TL14
L=365 mil
W=62.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLOC
TL15
L=295mil
W=62.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
di_hp_HSMS282C_20000301
D1
MLN
TL19
L=260 mil
W=62 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee22
W3=30.0mil
W2=62.0mil
W1=62.0mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee18
W3=30.0 mil
W2=62.0 mil
W1=62.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL18
L=260 mil
W=62 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee19
W3=118 mil
W2=118 mil
W1=118 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee20
W3=118 mil
W2=118 mil
W1=118 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL20
L=100.0 mil
W=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve4
Radius=433 mil
Angle=90
W=118.0mil
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve3
Radius=433 mil
Angle=90
W=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
sl_cft_0603HS_J_19960828
L2
PART_NUM=0603HS-220XJB 20.9 nH
sc_kmt_C0G_06035_C_19960828
C6
Temperature=25
PART_NUM=C0603C2R2C5G 2.2pF
sc_kmt_C0G_06035_C_19960828
C5
Temperature=25
PART_NUM=C0603C120C5G 12pF
sc_kmt_C0G_06035_C_19960828
C4
Temperature=25
PART_NUM=C0603C2R2C5G2.2pF
MTEE
Tee21
W3=118 mil
W2=118 mil
W1=118 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL11
L=80.0 mil
W=80.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
VA
V1
T=0.15 mil
H=62.0 mil
D2=15.0mil
D1=15.0mil
MLN
TL12
L=400.0 mil
W=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
VA
V3
T=0.15 mil
H=62.0 mil
D2=15.0mil
D1=15.0mil
MLN
TL9
L=80.0mil
W=80.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
sl_cft_0603HS_J_19960828
L1
PART_NUM=0603HS-220XJB 20.9 nH
VA
V2
T=0.15 mil
H=62.0mil
D2=15.0 mil
D1=15.0 mil
MLN
TL10
L=80.0 mil
W=80.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
Term
Term1
Z=50Ohm
Num=1
MLN
TL4
L=400 mil
W=118mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee14
W3=118 mil
W2=118 mil
W1=200 mil
Subst="MSub1"
P_1Tone
PORT2
Freq=LO_freq
P=polar(dbmtow(5),0)
Z=50 Ohm
Num=2
MCURVE
Curve2
Radius=100 mil
Angle=90
W=62.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MCURVE
Curve1
Radius=100 mil
Angle=90
W=62.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee13
W3=118 mil
W2=200 mil
W1=118 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MCROSO
Cros1
W4=118.0 mil
W3=118.0 mil
W2=118.0 mil
W1=118.0 mil
Subst="MSub1"
VAR
VAR1
L2=590
L1=600
Eqn
Var
VAR
VAR2
LO_freq=2.35 GHz
RF_freq=2.45 GHz
Eqn
Var
HarmonicBalance
HB1
Order[2]=5
Order[1]=5
Freq[2]=LO_freq
Freq[1]=RF_freq
HARMONC BALANCE
Goal
OptimGoal2
RangeMax[1]=
RangeMin[1]=
RangeVar[1]=
Weight=
Max=-3
Min=
SimnstanceName="SP1"
Expr="db(S23)"
GOAL
Goal
OptimGoal1
RangeMax[1]=
RangeMin[1]=
RangeVar[1]=
Weight=
Max=-25
Min=
SimnstanceName="SP1"
Expr="db(S11)"
GOAL
MTEE
Tee16
W3=62mil
W2=62mil
W1=118 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL5
L=L2 mil
W=201 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL7
L=L1 mil
W=118mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL8
L=L1 mil
W=118 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL1
L=400 mil
W=118 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee12
W3=118mil
W2=200mil
W1=118mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee5
W3=118 mil
W2=118 mil
W1=200 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MLN
TL2
L=L2mil
W=201 mil
Subst="MSub1"
MTEE
Tee15
W3=62 mil
W2=118 mil
W1=62 mil
Subst="MSub1"
P_1Tone
PORT3
Freq=RF_freq
P=polar(dbmtow(0),0)
Z=50 Ohm
Num=3

Figure 6.1 Schematic view of mixer

Figure 6.2 Layout of mixer

ECE545 Xin Dai, xdai@utk.edu









Figure 6.3 Simulation result of mixer

Analysis:

For the last class project, I was assigned to design a mixer with 2.45GHz RF, 2.35GHz
LO and 100MHz IF.

Since we have not received actual board yet, I can only provide the schematic view, layout
and simulation result.

On RF port, dBm(RF) is 0.427, dBm(LO) is 14.54;
On LO port, dBm(LO) is 4.992, dBm(RF) is 13.017;
On IF port, dBm(IF) is 7.720, dBm(200MHz) is 39.367, RF and LO signal can be omitted.

Just from simulation result, this design basically satisfies the demand for mixer. Hopefully,
after we got the board, the real measurement is still OK. The real measurement can be provided
can we got the board.

This final project gives me a very good understanding to Microwave circuit system design
and integration. I benefit a lot from the study of this course. Although I am not specified in
Microwave design for my own research, this course will definitely give me a lot of help for my
research and career.

m8
freq=
m8=-14.543
2.350GHz
m7
freq=
m7=-0.427
2.450GHz
2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 1.9 2.5
-40
-20
0
-60
20
freq, GHz
d
B
m
(
R
F
)
m8
m7
m5
freq=
m5=4.992
2.350GHz
m6
freq=
m6=-13.017
2.450GHz
2.0 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.8 3.0 1.8 3.2
-40
-20
0
-60
20
freq, GHz
d
B
m
(
L
O
)
m5
m6
m3
freq=
m3=-7.720
100.0MHz
m4
freq=
m4=-39.367
200.0MHz
-0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 -0.8 1.0
-50
-45
-40
-35
-30
-25
-20
-15
-10
-5
-55
0
freq, GHz
d
B
m
(

F
)
m3
m4
freq
0.0000 Hz
100.0MHz
200.0MHz
2.250GHz
2.350GHz
2.450GHz
2.550GHz
4.600GHz
4.700GHz
4.800GHz
4.900GHz
5.000GHz
F
0.010 / 0.000
0.130 / 26.788
0.003 / -11.771
1.344E-6 / 66.689
1.118E-5 / 136....
3.376E-6 / 150....
5.920E-8 / 31.850
1.948E-4 / -94.1...
0.002 / 126.152
8.319E-4 / -167....
0.002 / -97.513
3.095E-4 / -38.7...
LO
0.005 / 180.000
0.066 / -125.239
0.002 / -132.736
0.029 / -22.354
0.562 / -2.955
0.071 / -91.693
0.005 / 18.418
0.012 / -24.402
0.003 / 52.741
0.024 / -73.970
0.003 / 153.735
1.622E-4 / 25.492
RF
0.005 / 180.000
0.065 / -125.390
0.002 / -137.334
0.005 / 107.939
0.059 / -47.809
0.301 / -7.034
0.014 / -168.822
0.020 / 168.762
0.005 / -75.701
0.036 / 99.469
0.004 / -25.214
1.648E-4 / -151....