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FORMULE 1. sint+cost=1 ;t=2k+t* ;t*(0,2 ) 2. sin t=sin(2k+t) 3. cos t=cos(2k+t) 4. sin(ab)=sin a cos b sin b cos a 5.

cos(a+b)=cos a cos b-sin a sin b 6. cos(a-b)=cos a cos b+sin a sin b 7. cos(/2-t)=sin t 8. sin(/2-t)=cos t 9. cos (-t)=cos t 10. sin(-t)= -sin t 11. cos (-x)= -cos x 12.sin(-x)=sin x 13.sin(+x)= -sin x 14.sin 2x=2sin x cos x 15.cos 2x=cos x-sin x =2cos x-1=1-2sin x 16.sin 3x= 3sin x-4sin x 17.cos 3x=4cos x-3cos x 18. tg (-x)=-tg x x R-A 19.tg(+x)=tg x x R-A 20. ctg(-x)=-ctg x x R-B 21.ctg(+x)=ctg x x R-B

Formule trigonometrice 1. sin = a c; cos = b c; tg = a b; ctg = b a; (a; b - catetele, c - ipotenuza triunghiului dreptunghic, - unghiul, opus catetei a). 2. tg = sin cos ; ctg = cos sin : 3. tg ctg = 1: 4. sin = cos ; sin( ) = sin : 2 5. cos = sin ; cos( ) = cos :

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2 6. tg = ctg ; ctg = tg : 2 2 7. sec = cosec ; cosec = sec : 2 2 8. sin2 + cos2 = 1: 9. 1 + tg2 = sec2 : 10. 1 + ctg2 = cosec2 : 11. sin( ) = sin cos sin cos : 12. cos( ) = cos cos sin sin : 13. tg( ) = tg tg 1 tg tg : 14. ctg( ) = ctg ctg 1 ctg ctg : 15. sin 2 = 2 sin cos : 16. cos 2 = cos2 sin2 : 17. tg 2 = 2 tg 1 tg2 : 18. ctg 2 = ctg2 1 2 ctg : 19. sin 3 = 3 sin 4 sin3 : 20. cos 3 = 4 cos3 3 cos : 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.ournet.md s 21. s 22. s 23. 24. s 25. 26. 27. 2: 28. 2: 29. 2 30. 31. 32. sin cos tg tg 2 2 2 2 = = = = 1 cos 2 :

1 + cos 2 : 1 cos 1 + cos : sin 1 + cos = 1 cos sin : :

ctg 2 = ctg 2 = 1 + cos = 2 cos2 1 cos = 2 sin2

1 + cos 1 cos : sin 1 cos = 1 + cos sin

sin sin = 2 sin cos : 2 cos + cos = 2 cos + 2 cos 2 cos cos = 2 sin + 2 sin 2 tg tg = sin( ) cos cos :

: :

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33. ctg ctg = sin( ) sin sin : 34. sin sin = 1 2[cos( ) cos( + )]: 35. sin cos = 1 2[sin( + ) + sin( )]: 36. cos cos = 1 2[cos( + ) + cos( )]: 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.ournet.md 37. Ecuatii trigonometrice elementare: sin x = a; jaj 1; x = ( 1)n arcsin a + n; cos x = a; jaj 1; x = arccos a + 2 n;9 > >> >> >= n 2 Z: tg x = a; x = arctg a + n; ctg x = a; x = arcctg a + n > > >> >> ; 38. arcsin x + arccos x = 2; jxj 1:

39. arctg x + arcctg x = 2: 40. arcsec x + arccosec x = 2; jxj 1: 41. sin(arcsin x) = x; x 2 [ 1; +1]: 42. 2; 43. 44. 45. arcsin(sin x) = x; 2 cos(arccos x) = x; arccos(cos x) = x; tg(arctg x) = x; x2 :

x 2 [ 1; +1]: x 2 [0; ]: x 2 R:

46. arctg(tg x) = x; x2 : 2; 2 47. ctg(arcctg x) = x; x 2 R: 48. arcctg(ctg x) = x; x 2 (0; ): p

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1 x2 = arctg x p 1 x2 49. arcsin x = arccos p 1 x2 = arcctg x ; 0 < x < 1: p 1 x2 = arctg p 1 x2 x 50. arccos x = arcsin x = arcctg p 1 x2 ; 0 < x < 1: x 1 51. arctg x = arcsin p 1 + x2 = arccos p 1 + x2 = arcctg1x; 0 < x < +1: 1 x 52. arcctg x = arcsin p = arccos p 1 + x2 = arctg1x; 0 < x < +1: 1 + x2 2 arcsin(x p 1 y2 + y p 1 x2); daca xy 0 sau x2 + y2 1; 6 p 1 y2 + y p 1 x2); 6 53. arcsin x+arcsin y = 6 arcsin(x daca x > 0; y > 0 si x2 + y2 > 1; 4 arcsin(x p 1 y2 + y p 1 x2); daca x < 0; y < 0 si x2 + y2 > 1: 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.ournet.md 2 arcsin(x p 1 y2 y p 1 x2); daca xy 0 sau x2 + y2 1; 6 p p 1 x2); 6

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54. arcsin x arcsin y = 6 arcsin(x 1 y2 y daca x > 0; y < 0 si x2 + y2 > 1; 4 arcsin(x p 1 y2 y p 1 x2); daca x < 0; y > 0 si x2 + y2 > 1: 2 q arccos(xy (1 x2)(1 y2)); daca x + y 0; 6 55. arccos x + arccos y = 4 q 2 arccos(xy (1 x2)(1 y2)); daca x + y < 0: 2 q arccos(xy + (1 x2)(1 y2)); daca x y; 6 56. arccos x arccos y = 4 q arccos(xy + (1 x2)(1 y2)); daca x < y: 2 66 arctg x + y 1 xy; daca xy < 1; 6 57. arctg x + arctg y = 6 6 6 6 + arctg x + y 1 xy; daca x > 0 si xy > 1; 6 4 + arctg x + y 1 xy ; daca x < 0 si xy > 1: 2 66 arctg x y 1 + xy; daca xy > 1; 6 58. arctg x arctg y = 6 6 6 6 + arctg x y 1 + xy; daca x > 0 si xy < 1; 6 4 + arctg x y 1 + xy ; daca x < 0 si xy < 1: 2 p p 2 6 arcsin(2x 1 x2); daca jxj ; 6 2 6 p2 6 p 6 59. 2 arcsin x = 6 arcsin(2x 1 x2); daca < x 1; 6 6 2

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64 p 1 x2); daca 1 x < p 2 arcsin(2x : 2 2 60. 2 arccos x = 4 arccos(2x2 1) cand 0 x 1; 2 arccos(2x2 1) cand 1 x < 0: 2 66 arctg 2x 1 x2; daca jxj < 1; 6 6 2x 1 x2; 61. 2 arctg x = 6 + arctg daca x > 1; 6 6 6 4 2x 1 x2 + arctg ; daca x < 1: 0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.ournet.md 2 s p 1 x2 1 6 arcsin ; 1 2arcsin x = 6 6 2 62. 6 s 6 p 4 1 1 x2 2 arcsin ; daca 1 s 63. 1 2arccos x = arccos 2 p 1 + x2 1 1 2arctg x = 6 arctg 64. 6 x 4

daca 0 x 1;

x < 0: 1+x2 ; daca 1 x 1:

; daca x 6= 0;

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0; daca x = 0:

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0 Copyright c 1999 ONG TCV Scoala Virtuala a Tanarului Matematician http://math.ournet.md

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