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KKS Introduction 1. What is KKS? KKS = short-form of German word for Identification System for Power Plants 2.

Why is KKS system adopted? - It provides a common language and understanding about the nomenclature for different locations, buildings, equipment and connections in the power plant. - The system provides a unique identification for these components of the power plant. It prevents Mistakes. - The use of KKS has provided the basis for implementation of vastly different systems, like Documentation for operation and maintenance of the plant/equipment, TXP for function plans, Maximo for maintenance management and Eclipse for Work Permit System Where is the system applicable? - Process related systems (pumps, vessels, valves, piping, etc.) - Instrumentation and Control Functions (Indicators, Transmitters, PLC signals, Function Plans, etc.) - Geometrical/geographical Locations (Plants, Buildings, Rooms, Remote Pump-house, etc.) What is the KKS code made of? - It is an alpha-numeric code, which means that it is made up of letters(A) and numbers(N) Which are the breakdown levels in KKS codes? There are four breakdown levels in process related identification Process-related identification Total plant System Code (Function Code)
Equipment Code Component Code

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Data

NA A A N NA A N N NA A N N

Level-0 : Total Plant : This identifies separate entities within a power plant. For example, a 0 at this level indicates equipment which is common to whole plant. While, 1 indicates part of a specific unit (1/2/3/4). Level-1: Function : The starting number identifies a specific entity among similar sections of the plant. For example, 11 for GT11, 12 for GT12, etc. Again, a 0 indicates a common equipment. The alphabets indicate specific functional groups and sub-groups. The numbers identify series of similar functions. Level-2 : Equipment : mechanical equipment, instruments, control loops, etc. Level-3 : Component : In C&I, this is used for identifying signals

There are three breakdown levels in location identification

Location identification

Total plant

Structure Room Code Code

Data

(N) (N) A A A N N (A) (A) (N) N N

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Which are the main groups for System Code? - Main groups are identified by a Function Key, which is also the first letter in the System Code - Following table describes some keys

Function Key Main Groups A B C E G H L M P Q S U X Grid and distribution systems Power transmission and auxiliary Instrumentation and control Fuel supply Water supply and disposal Heat generation Steam & water cycles Main machine sets Cooling water system Auxiliary systems Ancillary systems Structures Heavy machinery (not main

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Which are the sub groups for System Code? - Following are some combination of main groups & sub-groups Power transmission and auxiliary power supply Power transmission Generator circuit breaker Generator transformers, including cooling system Medium voltage distribution boards and transformers, normal system

B BA BAC BAT BB

BBA - BBS MV distribution boards BBT MV auxiliary power transformers

H HA

Conventional heat generation Pressure system

HAC Economizer system HAD Evaporator system HN Flue gas exhaust

HNA Ducting system HNE Stack system (chimney)

L LA

Steam, water, gas cycles Feedwater system

LAA Storage, deaeration (incl. feedwater tank) LAB Feedwater piping system (excl. feedwater pump and feedwater heating system) LAC Feedwater pump system

LAE HP desuperheating spray system LA... LB Steam system

LBA Main steam piping system LC Condensate system

LCA Main condensate piping system LCB Main condensate pump system

M MA MAA MAC MAD MAG MB 8.

Main machine sets Steam turbine plant HP turbine LP turbine Bearings Condensing system Gas turbine plant

U UH UHA UM UMA UMB

Structures Structures for heat generation Steam generator enclosure Structures for main machine sets Steam turbine building Gas tubine building

What are the main groups for Equipment Code? Main Groups Example AA - valves CP - pressure measuring DE temperature control FL level with corrections GH Control Panel

A C D F G

Mechanical equipment Direct measuring circuits Closed loop control Indirect measuring circuits Electrical equipment

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What are the sub-groups for Equipment Code?

Mechanical Equipment

AA Valves, Dampers, etc., incl. actuators, also manual AH Heating, cooling, air conditioning units AN Compressor units, fans, blowers AP Pump units AT Cleaning, drying, filtering equipment C Direct measuring circuits

CE Electrical variables (current, voltage) CF Flow, rate CG Distance, length, position, CL Level CP Pressure CQ Quality variables (analysis) CS Velocity, speed, frequency (mechanical), acceleration CT Temperature F Corrected measurements

FF Flow, compensated for pressure/temperature correction FL Level, corrected FP Pressure, average of 2/3 signals FT Temperature, average of 2/3 signals

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How are the series used? Function Code : 10 : High Pressure Zone 20/30 : Intermediate Zone / Drain 50 : Low Pressure Zone Equipment Code: AA 001 to AA 029 : Valves in main flow of fluid with automatic actuators AA 051 to AA 099 : Check valves C*001 to C*199 : Measurement instruments for remote transmission C*501 to C*599 : Measurement instruments for local indication C*401 to C*499 : Measurement instruments for acceptance test measurements Suffixes: H, J : Open Feedback M,N : Closed Feedback

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What are the keys for Component Code?

Component Main Groups X Y Z Signal origin Signal application Gated signals

Example