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# When a letter is used to represent a variety of numbers, it is Factor (write as a producttwo expressions multiplied) using called a VARIABLE.

the Distributive Property. Commutative Laws You can change the order when adding or multiplying without affecting the answer, 1. 4 + 5 = 2. 3 + 6 = 3. 8 x b = 4. xy 5. 5 + ab 6. 2(x + 3) 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 9x + 9y 4 + 4x 15x + 5 9w + 6 8m + 16y + 12 6m + 6

Use the commutative and/or associative laws to rewrite these problems to make them easier to work. Indicate which law you used for each step.

Associative Law Numbers can be grouped in any manner for addition or multiplication. (Order of numbers remains the 23.(237 + 46) + 4 same; grouping symbolssuch as parentheses or brackets 24.(75 + 97) + 25 change. 25. (38 + 55) +45 7. ( a + 2 ) + 6 8. 3(xy) 9. (5a)b 10. s + ( r + t) 11. (3 + w) + k

## 3 1 1 26. (5 ) 4 3 4 1 2 1 27. ( 8 ) 2 5 2 28. (7 x 2) x 50

Distributive Law (Of Multiplication Over Addition) The 29.25(13 x 4) product of a number and a sum can be written as the sum of two products. 1 30. ( 4 33) 2 12. 5 ( a+ b) 13. 3(2x + y) 1 (27 20) 31. 14. (a + b)4 2 15. 4 (2x + y + z) 16. ( a + 3b + c)4

Ordering of Numbers

(1) Counting (or Natural) numbers E.g. 1,2,3,4,5,6... (2) Integers (or Whole numbers) E.g. 3,-2,-1,0,1,2,3... (3) Positive odd numbers E.g. 1,3,5,7,9... (4) Positive even numbers E.g. 2,4,6,8,10... (5) Consecutive whole numbers Whole numbers which are immediately next to each other on the number line E.g. 5, 6 and 7 are consecutive whole numbers, (6) Numbers on the right of a given number on the number line are greater than the given number. E.g, 7> 4

(7) Numbers on the left of a given number on the number line are less than the given number, E,g. 2 < 4

Example 1: